1 FEDERAL STATE STATISTICS SERVICE (Rosstat) RUSSIA` 2014 STATISTICAL POCKETBOOK Moscow 2014
2 UDK 31(470) The Editorial Board: A. Surinov Chairman of the Editorial Board E. Baranov, N. Bugakova, M. Gelvanovsky, L. Gokhberg, M. Dianov, V. Elizarov, V. Zhitkov, V. Zabelin, Yu. Ivanov, A. Kevesh, A. Kosarev, K. Laikam, I. Masakova, V. Nesterov, G. Oksenoit, O. Rybak, B. Ryabushkin, A. Tatarinov, A. Khoroshilov Russia` 2014: Statistical pocketbook/ Rosstat. Moscow, pp. ISBN The statistical pocketbook gives concise information related to social and economic development of Russia in 2013 as compared to the previous year. Main indicators data is provided reflecting demographic processes, labour market, social field and living standard, trade, financial situation, external economic activities. Information is provided related to selected economic activities in accordance with OKVED. Main social and economic indicators by the federal districts of the Russian Federation are presented data on some of indicators is preliminary and is subject to further revisions. UDK 31(470) ISBN Federal State Statistics Service,
3 GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS Capital city Moscow Russia covers Eastern Europe and Northern Asia Area thou. sq. km (13 percent of agricultural land, 51 percent of forest land, 13 percent of surface water, including swamps) Population thou. persons (as of ) Population density 8.4 person per 1 sq. km (as of ) Maximum stretch, thou. km: longitudinal 4 latitudinal 9 Russia is bounded by: Arctic Ocean seas (Barents, White, Kara, Laptev, East Siberian, Chukchi seas); Pacific Ocean seas (Bering, sea of Оkhotsk, sea of Japan); Atlantic Ocean seas (Baltic, Black, sea of Azov) The largest islands, thou. sq. km : Novaya Zemlya 82.6 Sakhalin 76.4 New Siberian 38 Severnaya Zemlya 37 State borders: in the North West with Norway and Finland; in the West with Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Belarus; in the South West with Ukraine; in the South with Abkhazia, Georgia, South Osetia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan; in the South East with China, Mongolia and the Democratic People s Republic of Korea; in the East (sea borders) with USA and Japan The longest rivers, km: Lena 4337 Yenisey (with Angara) 3844 Volga 3694 Ob 3676 Amur 2855 As of January 1, 2013.
4 General Characteristics The largest lakes, thou. sq. km : Baikal 31.5 Ladoga 17.7 Onega 9.7 The highest mountain, m: Elbrus 5642 Average temperatures: January from 4, 5 C (Black Sea coast) to -40, 48 C (East of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), where absolute zero is taken as C); July from 0, 1 C (Kara Sea Islands) to C (Republic of Kalmykia, where absolute maximum reaches 45.4 C). As for its territory, the Russian Federation ranks the first in the world, as for its population the ninth, as for GDP PPP, estimated in USA Dollars the eighth 2). Russia ranking in the world production of selected industrial products in 2012 Crude oil, including gas condensate, natural and associated gas 2 Electricity, pig iron 3 Steel 5 Coal, hydraulic cements, wood removal 6 Passenger cars (including assembly) 9 Paper and paperboard 14 Provisional data. 2) According to the results of international comparisons for 2005.
5 General Characteristics MAJOR CITIES (as of January 1, 2013) Population, thou. persons Distance from Moscow, km Moscow St.Petersburg Novosibirsk Yekaterinburg Nizhny Novgorod Kazan Samara Omsk Chelyabinsk Rostov-on-Don Ufa Volgograd Krasnoyarsk Perm Voronezh Major sea ports in Russia by the volume of own production good (freight turnover) are: Novorossiysk, Primorsk, Ust -Luga, St. Petersburg, Vostochny, Murmansk. STATE SYSTEM According to the Constitution, the Russian Federation Russia is a democratic federative law-governed state with a republican form of government (Article. State power in the Russian Federation shall be exercised by the President of the Russian Federation, the Federal Assembly (the Council of Federation and the State Duma), the Government of the Russian Federation, and the courts of the Russian Federation (Article 1. The President of the Russian Federation shall be the Head of State and shall be elected for six years by citizens of the Russian Federation on the basis of universal, equal, direct suffrage by secret ballot (Articles 80, 8. The Federal Assembly - parliament of the Russian Federation shall be the representative and legislative body of the Russian Federation and shall consist of two chambers - the Council of Federation and the State Duma. The Council of Federation shall include two representatives from each constituent entity of the Russian Federation: one from the legislative and one from the executive State government body. The State Duma shall consist of 450 deputies and shall be elected for a term of five years (Articles 94 96).
6 General Characteristics COMPOSITION OF THE FEDERAL ASSEMBLY (as of January 1, 2014; persons ) Total males including females The Council of the Federation Representatives of government bodies of constituent entites of the Russian Federation including : representative government bodies executive government bodies The State Duma, convocation Deputies of the State Duma, total including by factions: «United Russia» «Communist Party of the Russian Federation» A Just Russia «Liberal - Democratic Party of Russia» PUBLIC HOLIDAYS January 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8 New Year Holidays January 7 Orthodox Christmas Day February 23 Day of the Fatherland Defender March 8 International Women s Day May 1 Spring and Labour Day May 9 Day of the Victory June 12 Day of Russia November 4 National Unity Day
7 General Characteristics NUMBER OF PUBLIC ASSOCIATIONS, POLITICAL PARTIES AND NON-COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS REGISTERED IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION as of January 1, 2014 Total registered including registered in 2013 Public associations - total including : public organizations among them charitable social movements among them charitable 10 4 public funds among them charitable social services among them charitable 4 - amateur public bodies other public associations among them: trade unions ethnical-cultural autonomies Political parties Non-commercial organizations - total including charitable funds Branches and representations of international organizations, foreign non-commercial non-governmental organizations 204 7
8 Population and Labour Market Population (as of January 1 ; mln. persons ) Total urban rural Vital Statistics (per 1000 population ) Births Deaths Natural increase, decrease (-) Infant deaths under 1 year per 1000 live births Marriages Divorces POPULATION BY AGE AND SEX (as of January 1, 2013) Age, years Females thou. 100 Males thou Thou. persons
9 Population and Labour Market INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION (persons) Immigrated to the Russian Federation, total including : CIS countries other countries Emigrated from the Russian Federation, total including : CIS countries other countries Migration net, total including the result of migration exchange with: CIS countries other countries ECONOMICALLY ACTIVE POPULATION (thou. persons) Economically active population - total males females including : employed in the economy - total males females unemployed - total males females Unemployed officially registered in State employment service 2) - total males females of them, those receiving unemployment benefits - total males females Data source: Sample Survey on Employment. 2) End of year.
10 Population and Labour Market 100 ECONOMICALLY ACTIVE POPULATION (annual average) percent Unemployed Employed 20 0 AVERAGE ANNUAL NUMBER OF EMPLOYED IN THE ECONOMY BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY Thou. persons Percent of total Total including by economic activity: agriculture, hunting and forestry fishing mining and quarrying manufacturing electricity, gas and water supply construction wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods hotels and restaurants transport and communications financial intermediation real estate, renting and business activities public administration and defence; compulsory social security education health and social work other community, social and personal service activities
11 Living Standards of Population And Social Field MAIN SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS OF THE LIVING STANDARDS OF POPULATION Average per capita money income (monthly), roubles Real disposable money income, percent of previous year Accrued average monthly nominal wages of employees, roubles Real accrued wages, percent of previous year Average pension, roubles Real pension, percent of previous year Provisional data. HOUSING STOCK (end of year) Total dwelling floor space, mln. sq. m Average living floor space per one inhabitant, sq. m Estimates. 11
12 Living Standards of Population and Social Field HOUSING STOCK (beginning of year; percent) State-owned Municipal Private Other Estimates. SHARE OF DwELLINGS CONSTRUCTED BY POPULATION AT THEIR OwN EXPENSE AND CREDITS IN TOTAL VOLUME OF HOUSING STOCK 50 percent
13 Living Standards of Population and Social Field EDUCATIONAL Establishments AND NUMBER OF PUPILS (STUDENTS) (beginning of academic year) 2012/ /14 Number of general educational establishments (without evening (shift time) general educational establishments ) of which: public and municipal non-public Number of students in general educational establishments (without evening (shift time) general educational establishments ), thou. persons of which: public and municipal non-public Number of evening (shift time) general educational establishments Number of students in evening (shift time) general educational establishments, thou. persons Number of vocational educational establishments, with programmes for skilled workers, office workers ) Number of students, enrolled in training programs for skilled workers, office workers, thou. persons ) Number of vocational educational establishments, training middle-level professionals of which: public and municipal non-public Number of students, enrolled in programs for middle-level professionals, thou. persons of which: public and municipal non-public Number of educational establishments of higher education of which: public and municipal non-public Number of students in educational establishments of higher education, thou. persons of which: public and municipal non-public From 2013/14 academic year by vocational educational institutions and educational institutions of higher education. 2) As of end of
14 Living Standards of Population and Social Field PRE-SCHOOL Establishments Number of establishments, thou In them children, thou. persons ENROLLMENT AND GRADUATES OF Vocational educational establishments and educational establishments of higher education thou. persons Vocational educational establishments training middle-level professionals thou. persons Enrollment 1247 Graduates Enrollment Graduates Higher educational establishments 14
15 Living Standards of Population and Social Field MAIN INDICATORS OF PUBLIC HEALTH (beginning of year) Number of physicians, persons : total, thou per population Number of medium-level medical personnel, persons: total, thou per population Number of hospitals, thou Number of hospital beds: total, thou per population Number of medical organizations rendering outpatient services, thou Capacity of medical organizations rendering outpatient services, number of patients visits per a shift: total, thou per population Excluding post-graduates, clinical residents, interns, due to changes in data collection methodology, carried out by the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation. Sanatoria, recreation organizations and tourist bases (beginning of year) Number of sanatoria and habitations with medical treatment Number of beds in them, thou Number of rest homes Number of beds in them, thou Number of rest cases, campings and recreation organizations Number of beds in them, thou Number of tourist bases Number of beds in them, thou Excluding micro businesses. CULTURAL AND ART ESTABLISHMENTS Number of public libraries, thou Library stock, mln. copies Number of clubs and related establishments, thou Number of museums Number of visits to museums, mln Number of professional theatres Theatre attendance, mln. persons
16 Living Standards of Population and Social Field NUMBER OF ISSUED BOOKS, BOOKLETS, MAGAZINES AND NEWSPAPERS Books and booklets: number (printed units), thou circulation, mln. copies Magazines: number of issues circulation (annual), mln. copies Newspapers: number of issues circulation (annual), mln. copies HOTELS (beginning of year) Number of hotels and similar facilities for accommodation Number of beds in hotels and similar facilities for accommodation, thou. hotelbeds travels OF FOREIGN CITIZENS into RUSSIA AND RUSSIAN CITIZENS ABROAD (thou.) Number of travels of foreign citizens into Russia total of which by purpose: business tourism private Number of travels of Russian citizens abroad 2) total of which by purpose: business tourism private Excluding those arrived for permanent residence. 2) Excluding those emigrated for permanent residence and military personnel. 16
17 Living Standards of Population and Social Field ECOLOGY AIR EMISSIONS from stationary sources bln.cu. m mln. ton including individual entrepreneurs. waste water DISCHARGES
18 Production and use of gross domestic product Gross domestic product: total VOLUME OF GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT bln. roubles (at current market prices) percent of previous year (at constant prices) per capita, thou. roubles Data for 2012 is calculated using the average annual population, for 2013 using forecast of the average annual population. GROSS VALUE ADDED by economic activity (at current prices; percent of total) Gross value added, at basic prices total including by economic activity: agriculture, hunting and forestry fishing mining and quarrying manufacturing electricity, gas and water supply construction wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles and personal and household goods hotels and restaurants transport and communications financial intermediation real estate, renting and business activities public administration and defence; compulsory social security education health and social work other community, social and personal service activities
19 Production and use of gross domestic product USE OF GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT percent Net exports of goods and services Gross capital formation Final consumption expenditures 19
20 INDUSTRY MAIN INDICATORS OF MINING AND QUARRYING, MANUFACTURING, ELECTRCITY,GAS AND water SUPPLY Number of acting organizations (end of year): mining and quarrying manufacturing electricity, gas and water supply Volume of shipped own produced goods, works performed and services rendered (at actual prices), bln. roubles: mining and quarrying manufacturing electricity, gas and water supply Industrial production index 2), percent of previous year Average annual number of employees, thou. persons : mining and quarrying manufacturing electricity, gas and water supply Balanced financial result (profit less loss) 3), mln. roubles including by economic activity: mining and quarrying manufacturing electricity, gas and water supply Profitability of goods (works, services) sold 3), percent of which by economic activity: mining and quarrying manufacturing electricity, gas and water supply Number of organizations and self-supporting enterprises by actual economic activity. 2) Aggregated production output index for activities «Mining and quarrying», «Manufacturing» and «Electricity, gas and water supply». With account to adjustment to informal acivities. With account to adjustment to informal activities. Data is adjusted in line with results of retrospective re-calculations of production indices, carried out in line with transition in January 1, 2014 to new 2010 base year for estimating production indices. 3) 2012 according to book-keeping data. 20
21 Industry PRODUCTION INDEX by economic activity (percent of previous year) Mining and quarrying 2) mining of energy producing minerals mining except of energy producing minerals Manufacturing 2) manufacture of food products, including beverages, and tobacco manufacture of textiles and textile products manufacture of leather, leather products and footwear manufacture of wood and wood products manufacture of pulp, paper and paper products; publishing and printing manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products manufacture of chemical products manufacture of rubber and plastics products manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products manufacture of basic metals and fabricated metal products manufacture of machinery and equipment manufacture of electrical, electronic and optical equipment manufacture of transport equipment other manufacturing Electricity, gas and water supply 2) Data is adjusted in line with results of retrospective re-calculations of production indices, carried out in line with transition in January 1, 2014 to new 2010 base year for estimating production indices. 2) With account to adjustment to informal acivities. 21
22 Industry PRODUCTION OF BASIC PRODUCTS Coal, mln. ton Crude oil, including gas condensate, mln. ton Natural and associated gas, bln. cu. m Meat and edible offal, thou. ton: slaughter animals poultry Sausages, thou. ton Vegetable not refined oil, thou. ton Whole milk products (in milk equivalent), thou. ton Butter and buttery pastes, thou. ton Cheese and products of cheese, thou. ton Flour of grain, green and other; their mixtures, mln. ton Grouts, thou. ton Bread and bakery products, thou. ton White sugar in solid state, thou. ton: beet sugar cane sugar Vodka and liquors, mln. dkl Beer, except for brewing waste, mln. dkl Fabrics - all types, mln. sq.m including : cotton wool Hosiery, mln. pieces Knitwear articles, mln.pieces Footwear with leather uppers, mln. pairs Footwear with textile uppers, except sports footwear, mln. pairs Wood, sawn or chipped lengthwise, sliced or peeled, of a thickness exceeding 6 mm; railway and tram unimpregnated timber sleepers, mln. cu. m Paper and paperboard, thou. ton Mineral and chemical fertilizers (in equivalent of 100% nutritive substances), mln. ton Chemical fibres and threads, thou. ton Bricks, mln. standard bricks: ceramics not heat-resisting of cement, concrete or artificial stone Constructions and details precast reinforced concrete, mln. cu. m Steel, mln. ton Finished steel of ferrous metals, mln. ton Metal cutting lathes, thou. pieces Domestic refrigerators and freezers, mln. pieces Passenger motor cars, mln. pieces Electricity, bln. kwh Including maize oil and its fractions, not chemically modified. 22
23 Agriculture and forestry MAIN AGRICULTURAL INDICATORS (farms of all types) Agricultural production: bln. roubles (at actual prices) percent of previous year (at constant prices) including : crop-growing: bln. roubles (at actual prices) percent of previous year (at constant prices) animal husbandry: bln. roubles (at actual prices) percent of previous year (at constant prices) Average annual employment in agriculture, hunting and related service activities, thou. persons Acreage IN AGRICULTURAL CROPS (farms of all types) Mln. hectares Percent of total land in crops Total acreage including : grains and grain-legumes industrial crops potatoes, vegetables and melons forage crops
24 Agriculture and forestry GROSS HARVEST AND YIELD OF BASIC AGRICULTURAL CROPS (farms of all types) Gross harvest, mln. ton Grains (weight after processing) Sugar beet Sunflower seeds Flax-fiber, thou. ton Potatoes Vegetables Yield, centners per hectare harvested Grains and grain-legumes (weight after processing) Sugar beet Sunflower seeds Long flax (fiber) Potatoes Vegetables PRODUCTION OF BASIC AGRICULTURAL CROPS BY TYPES OF enterprises (percent of total production volume of enterprises of all types) Grain Sugar Sunflower Potatoes Vegetables beet seeds percent Peasant (farm) enterprises Household enterprises Agricultural enterprises Including individual entrepreneurs. 24
25 Agriculture and forestry LIVESTOCK INVENTORY BY TYPES OF enterprises in 2013 (end of year; mln. heads) Cattle including cows Hogs and pigs Sheep and goats Enterprises of all types including : agricultural enterprises household enterprises peasant (farm) enterprises Including individual entrepreneurs. PRODUCTION OF BASIC Animal husbandry PRODUCTS (enterprises of all types) Livestock and poultry for slaughter (in live weight), mln. ton Milk, mln. ton Eggs, bln. pieces
26 Agriculture and forestry PRODUCTION OF BASIC Animal husbandry PRODUCTS BY TYPES OF enterprises (percent of total production volume of enterprises of all types) Meat and poultry for slaughter Milk Eggs (in live weight) percent Peasant (farm) enterprises Household enterprises Agricultural enterprises Including individual entrepreneurs. FOREST RESOURCES as of January 1, 2013 Total area of forest fund s lands and lands of other categories, where forests are located, mln. ha including forest lands of them covered with forest vegetation Total wood stock, bln. cu. m
27 Agriculture and forestry MAIN INDICATORS OF ORGANIZATIONS BY ECONOMIC ACTIVITY «FORESTRY AND LOGGING» Number of organizations (end of year), thou Production index 2), percent of previous year Average annual number of employees, thou. persons ) Balanced financial result (profit less loss) 4), mln. roubles Profitability of goods (works, services) sold 4), percent Production of raw wood, mln. dense cu.m Data source: State registration. 2) Data is adjusted in line with results of retrospective re-calculations of production indices, carried out in line with transition in January 1, 2014 to new 2010 base year for estimating production indices. 3) For organizations which are not subjects of small business. 4) 2012 according to book-keeping data. Symbol (-) means loss. 27
28 FISHING MAIN INDICATORS OF ORGANIZATIONS OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY «FISHING» Number of institutions (end of year), thou Production index 2), percent of previous year Average annual number of employees, thou. persons Balanced financial result (profit less loss) 3), mln. roubles Profitability of goods (works, services) sold 3), percent Production, thou. ton: fish live, fresh or chilled crustaceans not frozen; oysters; other invertebrates, live, fresh or chilled other water bioresources Data source: State registration. 2) By economic activity «Fishing». Data is adjusted in line with results of retrospective recalculations of production indices, carried out in line with transition in January 1, 2014 to new 2010 base year for estimating production indices. 3) 2012 according to book-keeping data. 28
29 Construction MAIN INDICATORS OF CONSTRUCTION Volume of work performed by «Construction»: bln. roubles (at actual prices) percent of previous year (at constant prices) BUILDINGS PUT IN PLACE in 2013 Number of buildings Total construction volume of buildings, mln. cu.m Total floor space of buildings, mln. sq.m Buildings put in place total including : residential buildings non-residential buildings of which: industrial agricultural commercial office educational public health system other CONSTRUCTION OF DwELLINGS AND SOCIAL AND CULTURAL FACILITIES Dwellings: total floor space, mln. sq.m flats, thou General educational schools, thou. pupil places Pre-school educational establishments, thou. places Capacity of hostitals, thou. beds Capacity of medical organizations rendering out-patient services, thou. visits per shift Cultural establishments, clubs, thou. seats
30 Transport and communications TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS AND FREIGHT TURNOVER BY TRANSPORT MODES Transportation of goods, mln. ton Freight turnover, bln. ton-km Transport - total including : railway motor pipeline maritime inland water air (transport aviation) Cargo loading. PASSENGERS TRANSPORTATION AND PASSENGER TURNOVER BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT MODES Passengers transportation, mln. persons Passenger turnover, bln. passenger-km Transport - total including: railway bus taxi tramway trolley-bus subway maritime inland water air (transport aviation) At the beginning of 2013 there were 307 underground (metro) stations in the Russian Federation, including 188 in Moscow, 67 in St.Petersburg, 14 in Nizhny Novgorod, 13 in Novosibirsk, 9 in Samara, 9 in Ekaterinburg, 7 in Kazan. 30
31 Transport and communications LENGTH OF TRANSPORT LINES (beginning of year; thou. km) Railroads tracks, public Auto-motor roads, public 2) including hard surface Tramway lines Trolley-bus lines Subway lines, km Main pipelines Inland waterways Commercial operational length. 2) Including length of streets. MAIN INDICATORS OF PUBLIC COMMUNICATION (end of year) Volume of communication services (at actual prices), bln. roubles Number of telephone sets (including public telephones) public telephone network total, mln. pieces including home sets Number of home sets per 100 population: urban population rural population Number of terminals of circular communication per 100 population Number of public access points - total, thou including connected to Internet network
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