1 Management and Change Principles of successful management of instability Dublin, 1th. of september Guus v. d. Upwich The speech can be hold on german and on english
2 management of instability The main project of today is to create a worldwide network by connecting people, societies and markets (phase of self-enhancement): networking - explosion of communication- and data-transfer-technologies - intensive cultural exchange by travelling and mass media - more and more free trade with goods and services (discount law...) - companies merge to global units - internationally operating capital networkeconomy The Internet is only a technological symbol for a fundamental economical and social revolution which starts right now. Complexity and rapidity of change are the price of connectivity. Three ways of slowing down: reducing connectivity, developmental restriction by law, selective valuation by ethical decisions.
3 communication and information To be able to connect to a communication network anywhere and at any time has become every day life. forecast billion number of personal s (worldwide) in billion s a day million s only US-congress in `96 `97 `98 `99 `00 `01 `02 `03
4 management of instability Enhanced connectivity of the global markets enhances the environmental complexity and dynamics. The competition is continuously increasing. market company environmental complexity environmental dynamics pressure to perform and innovate management organisation
5 management of instability Mere optimisation of the status quo does not meet the current challenges in global competitive markets (benchmarking). car producer personnel productivity plant productivity area productivity Benchmark 2007 Chrysler Mitsubishi Nissan Toyota Benchmark 2007 Benchmark 1997 Benchmark 1997 Benchmark 2007 Benchmark % gap more better quicker more complex factory 1 und 2 factory 1 und 2 factory 1 und 2
6 management of instability Merely optimising the existing is often insufficient in the face of local and global competition (two modes of change). to clear the bar change of process pattern Scissors about 1920 Fosbury Flop Mexico 1968 Straddle functions optimization Munich 1972
7 management of instability Strength and duration of influence of management vogues during the last centuries (see R.T. Pascale 1995). Influence Index Decision Trees Managerial Grid Satisfier / Dissatisfier Brainstorming T-Group Training Conglomeration Management by Objectives Diversification Experience Curve Strategic Business Units Zero Based Budgeting Value Chain Decentralisation Wellness Quality Circles / TQM Excellence Restructuring/Delayering Portfolio Management MBWA Matrix Just-In-Time / Kanban Intrapreneuring Corporate Culture One Minute Managing Globalization Cycle Time / Speed Visioning Workout Empowerment Continuous Improvement Learning Organization Business Process Re-engineering Business Process Re-engineering Globalization Cycle Time / Speed Quality-Circles TQM
8 management of instability Self-organization or chaos theory is a meta-theory. The theory offers a robust and general concept to describe and understand the behavior of dynamic systems between chaos and order.
9 sailing metaphor Stability: steering and regulating familiar cost Leadership requirements: exact target definition the knowledge to plan ahead precise realisation of objectives factual motivation Comparing target and actual value
10 sailing metaphor Instability: self-organization unfamiliar coast Vision visions Columbus Esser Leadership requirements: Columbus: Carpe diem convincing idea (emotion) movement creates process-understanding (costs) targets step-by-step movement (iteration) high tolerance for uncertainty (instability) personal credibility (leadership)
11 management of instability If there is no convincing vision in a company there is always a lot of creativity To explain, why change will not work: We ve never done it before. Nobody else has ever done it before.. We tried it before. Another company has already tried it before. Why change- it s working o.k. It won t work in a small company. It won t work in a large company. The boss will never buy it. The risk is too high. It s too much trouble to change More in the internet:
12 management of instability What is the situation? Does it suffice to optimise the existing or is it necessary to re-organize creatively? change of process pattern managing instability: motivating vision, scenarios error-friendliness -> innovation functions optimization functions optimization managing stability: analysing the existing, eliminating weaknesses and errors -> effectiveness
13 management of instability A culture of change needs a balanced co-operation between people able to optimise and people able to give innovative impulses (Andy Nilarp ). visionary operative Strategic Builders Operational Builders Infrastructure Builders Dopamine instability orientated stability orientated
14 management of instability The active creation of instability is a necessar condition for change. In instability small causes have greate effects ( butterfly-effect ). local stability: disturbances are damped down regulation and steering predictability of development instability: small cause - greate effect self-organisation unpredictability of effect
15 priciples for practice The learned emotional values of the limbic system are decisive for what we see, think or do. The decisions are fast and most of the time unconscious. The knowing-doing-gap Max-Planck Gesellschaft Rotating-mask-illusion Institut for Biological Cybernetics
16 priciples for practice Language is also a process of self-dynamic order formation by means of the active solution of ambiguity. Häng him, not mercy! Häng him not, mercy! Last night I shot an elephant in my pyjamas. What the hell an elephant was doing in your pyjamas? Coast guard
17 priciples for practice Particularly social perception, in its complexity, is a highly efficient process of constructing stable experience reality. Money or life!! Money!! Something I m doing wrong!.. Social Perception Creative misunderstanding Environmental perception is always the active resolution of ambiguity and therefore the construction of reality.
18 priciples for practice Eight recommendable rules for a complete standstill in your company and to help you decrease the danger of uncalculated change: Managers should either give total freedom ( do what you like ), or they should try to control everything ( do nothing without instruction ). Die Führungskräfte sollten sich raushalten ( macht mal ) oder versuchen, wirklich alles im Griff zu haben. Discussions about objectives and possible changes are to be held strictly on the informal level (create rumours). Diskussionen über Ziele und Inhalte möglicher Veränderungen sollten konsequent nur auf der informellen Ebene geführt werden. As much activities as possible are to be launched simultaneously. A permanent project overflow is to be guaranteed (operative hectic). Möglichst viele Aktivitäten sollten gleichzeitig angezettelt werden. Es ist für ständige Überforderung zu sorgen (operative Hektik). An internal competition is to be established. Everyone ought to know that only the fittest will survive in the company (reinforce crab baskets). Es sollte ein umfassender Wettbewerb ausgerufen werden. Jeder ist darauf hinzuweisen, daß nur der Einsatzbereiteste besteht.
19 priciples for practice Eight recommendable rules for a complete standstill in your company and to help you decrease the danger of uncalculated change: Everyone should intensively search for the one and only responsible party. Please find out who or what is guilty (analyse the real causes). Es sollte stets ausdauernd und unnachgiebig nach den wirklichen Verursachern von Problemen gesucht werden. Do not ever discuss the meaning of existing rules in public. Never introduce new rules (keep the rules unconscious). Es sollte auf keinen Fall öffentlich über den Sinn und Unsinn von bestehenden Regeln diskutiert werden. Keine neuen Regeln!!! Agreements should, on a formal level, reach commitment quickly to then become entirely questioned on an informal level. Beschlüsse sollten auf der formellen Ebene schnell konsensfähig sein, um dann informell ausgiebig in frage gestellt zu werden. The change pace on decision level should always exceed the pace with which decisions are put into practice. Die Veränderungsgeschwindigkeit auf der Beschlußebene sollte stets größer sein als auf der Umsetzungsebene.
20 priciples for practice Simple psychological principles can be used to generate instability or stability in an every day situation: behaving according to present rules establishing symbols quick and clear information emotional vision identity stabilising Hospital breaking existing rules alteration of established symbols spreading of contradictory information information stop information overflow destabilising breaking rules book table
21 management of instability Systems always try to maintain stability. Stable conditions are self-preserving. The willingness to change depends on the active creation of instability. hysteresis Tin Drum
22 As I was tired of searching, I started to learn finding Friedrich Nietzsche
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