Atomic Force Microscope and Magnetic Force Microscope Background Information


 Briana Hodges
 3 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Atomic Force Microscope and Magnetic Force Microscope Background Information Lego Building Instructions There are several places to find the building instructions for building the Lego models of atomic force microscopes (AFM) and magnetic force microscopes (MFM). Two of the sites are: We provide pictures here of our finished models. AFM Model Various views of the Lego AFM model shown with multiple sample tray. Page 1 of July 2009
2 Lego AFM Tip Views AFM Samples Shown are various arrangements of different materials. The top one is an amorphous arrangement, The bottom shows, from left to right, sodium chloried, close pack, sodium, and chlorine. Lego AFM sample of an amorphous solid. Page 2 of July 2009
3 Sodium Chlorine Sodium Chloride Close Pack Lego AFM multiple sample tray. The AFM samples can show a single material, different sizes of the material, or something resembling a crystal. Note that the Lego AFM can only operate in contact mode (Coulomb forces). Using the Excel Surface Plot feature, a contour similar to what is visible should be plotted. It is extremely difficult to convey that this is a field interaction. With the AFM simulation, students gain instrumentation expertise for a more realistic simulation with the MFM. MFM Model Various views of the Lego MFM model shown with sample tray. Page 3 of July 2009
4 Laser Glass Cover Slide Magnetic Tip Sample Tray Front View of MFM, Labeled MFM Samples Surface Magnets Non magnetized steel balls Lego MFM Samples, revealed. Page 4 of July 2009
5 Lego MFM Samples, sealed. When the samples are blocked from visual assessment, the students must rely on the field interaction. This is a more realistic simulation of the real instrument. Height adjustments of the lower pedestal holding the MFM may be necessary, depending on the sample. Background Information on AFM and MFM Operation There are many sources on how the AFM and MFM work. Below is a partial list of sources. Howland, Rebecca and Lisa Benatar, A Practical Guide to Scanning Probe Microscopy. Park Scientific Instruments, Page 5 of July 2009
6 Atomic Force Microscopy and Magnetic Force Microscopy Laboratory Activities The purpose of this experiment is to create pictorial representations of the data collected by a model AFM (and MFM) microscope. Advanced Setup Determine if you want all of the laboratory stations to have the same variety of sample. Some instructors may consider a greater efficiency in this laboratory activity if each group has a different sample demonstrating differing characteristics of materials. For example, one sample may be large marbles, another, small ones, a third with the two interspersed such as in a sodium chloride arrangement. Other arrangements can be made such as face centered crystals, hexagonal packing, amorphous arrangements, grains and grain boundaries, etc. For a biological or chemical application, Lego crystals or molecules can be constructed for imaging. Extra batteries for the lasers should be on hand. PreLaboratory Discussion Begin the discussion by showing the students the model atomic force microscope (AFM). Ask them to suggest possible variables that will be important for describing the test surface being studied. Record all recommendations, without comment, except for clarification. Guide the discussion to measuring variations on position of the AFM tip. Demonstrate how the laser beam reflects off the slide glass and can be projected onto a piece of mounted graph or lined paper. It is best to have the paper mounted on the wall or some other immovable object. The students should devise their own way to determine the measurement of the deflection of the beam. NOTE: Please stress how to use the lasers safely. It is important that no laser light hits anyone s eyes. Explain to the students how to use the Excel surface plot feature if they are not already familiar with it. Consider each Lego spot in the Lego plane to be a coordinate that corresponds to a cell on the spreadsheet. It is important that the students do not use the samples apparent coordinate, but that of the Lego plane outside of the sample holder. They need to maintain constant increments of measurement in each of the XY positions, or a scaling Page 6 of July 2009
7 error will occur. Once the deflection data is collected, they should go to the graphing wizard and use the surface plot choice. Once the plot is drawn, the students may click on a corner and drag that corner to a new viewing angle. If you click on the legend, a menu comes up where you can change the scale interval for the colored contours. By clicking on axes, axis labels may be added. Laboratory Session Students will need to determine the equilibrium position on the graph paper. Many will use the bottom or top of the sheet as equilibrium. Others will do this calibration with the sample already in place. Let the students find their own way through the calibration process. It is important for the students to establish a scale, although arbitrary. If units were required, what units would be appropriate to use? Students should generate a plot of the surface of the sample. PostLaboratory Discussion Ask how each group calibrated the graph paper for data collection. Include checks for repeatability (return to equilibrium) and determination of numeric scale. Was there significance to the horizontal distance between the AFM tip and the wall? Does this distance change the resolution of the experiment? How does it affect the data analysis? What is resolution? The concept of Coulomb forces between the tip and the materials needs to be drawn out. The connection of this model simulation to a real AFM should be made. (You may wish to postpone a discussion on topography versus electric field interaction until the laboratory activity on the MFM.) The significance of the peaks and valleys of their plots should be solicited from the presenters. Do the plots adequately represent the samples? What can be changed to improve the imaging? Ask how the tip geometry would change the results. Is the data density of measurements important? Is there a useful limit to the data density? Does the length of the cantilever arm affect the results? If we rotated the sample 90 o, would our results change? Why or why not? What if the sample were not composed of spheres? Page 7 of July 2009
8 Since the imaging is done through a field interaction between the tip and the sample, are we getting a true read of what the material looks like? How do you know? This discussion should lead into the next laboratory activity on the magnetic force microscope. Page 8 of July 2009
9 Magnetic Force Microscopy Laboratory The purpose of this experiment is to create pictorial representations of the data collected by a model MFM microscope. Advanced Setup Determine if you want all of the laboratory stations to have the same variety of sample. Some instructors may consider a greater efficiency in this laboratory activity if each group has a different sample demonstrating differing characteristics of materials. For example, one sample may be magnets arranged with uniform strength and polarity orientation. Another may be with varying strength magnets (this can be accomplished with neodymium magnets), varying the polarity orientation (checkerboard or stripes), perhaps a magnet turned sideways, or an array of steel balls. It is important that the samples are sealed from view. Extra batteries for the lasers should be on hand. PreLaboratory Discussion Begin the discussion by showing the students the model magnetic force microscope (MFM). Ask the students to compare and contrast this device to the AFM. How are we able to tell the difference between topography and magnetic field? or How might we tell if we have a magnet or nonmagnetized magnetic material? Let the students discuss how to approach this. You may wish to have some magnets and materials such as steel balls or paper clips for the students to interact with. This will help guide the students in developing a twopass procedure. Laboratory Session Students will need to determine the equilibrium position on the graph paper. It is important for the students to establish a scale, although arbitrary. In this case, positive and negative displacements may be important, depending on how the sample is arranged. Students should generate two plots of the surface of the sample, one for each polarity of the probe tip. Page 9 of July 2009
10 PostLaboratory Discussion Ask how each group calibrated the graph paper for data collection. Include checks for repeatability (return to equilibrium) and determination of numeric scale. The significance of the peaks and valleys of both plots should be solicited from the presenters. A comparison of plots should follow. Why would two passes be required? How did the magnetic characteristics of the tip affect the results? Ask how the tip geometry would change the results. Since the imaging is done through a field interaction between the tip and the sample, are we getting a true read of what the material looks like? How do you know? With what degree of confidence can the claims be supported? What does seeing an object mean? Is visible light necessary? Page 10 of July 2009
11 Instructions for Making Surface Plots with Excel Data Collection A uniform plane and coordinate system needs to be created for recording the data. This can be simply done with a sheet of graph paper or a Lego plane. Vertical lines can be labeled A, B, C, etc. while horizontal lines can be numbered 1, 2, 3, etc. This will correspond to the columns and rows designation for each cell in the Excel spreadsheet. Reference Point A1 Point J4 Reference Point A1 Point J4 For the AFM and MFM, create a scale for the projection point of the laser beam on the wall. A nonreflecting meter stick will work. Beginning at position A1, read the value on the scale and enter it into the A1 cell of the spreadsheet. Page 11 of July 2009
12 Continue along rows and columns until all values are entered. MFM data are being recorded here. Page 12 of July 2009
13 Plotting the Data From the Menu Bar select Insert Chart or select the Chart Wizard icon on the Tool Bar. The following dialog box, Chart Wizard Step 1 of 4 Chart Type, will come up. Select the Surface option and go with the default Chart subtype. Then press Next>. Chart Wizard Step 2 of 4 Chart Source Data should come up. Press Next>. Page 13 of July 2009
14 Chart Wizard Step 3 of 4 Chart Options will open. You may label your chart in this dialogue box. Then press Next>. Chart Wizard Step 4 of 4 Chart Location will open. Select As new sheet and name the tab what you wish. You may want something like MFM Plot rather than the default Chart 1. Press Finish. Page 14 of July 2009
15 Your plot should open. You may wish to find a finer scale than the default in the Legend. Here the default is one color stripe for each 5 units of measure. Right click on the Legend and select Format Legend. Page 15 of July 2009
16 Select the Scale tab. You may wish to change the Major unit: to some more aesthetic value for your situation. In the example being used here, the Major unit scale was changed to 1.5. Press OK. Your plot should open. Page 16 of July 2009
17 We are almost done! Now for the exciting part. Roll the cursor to any corner of the graph and the cursor should change and show Corners. Click and drag the corner. You will be able to see the plot from many angles. If you wish to have your students print the plots, you may wish to suggest that they select the one or two views that best tell their story. Page 17 of July 2009
How to make a line graph using Excel 2007
How to make a line graph using Excel 2007 Format your data sheet Make sure you have a title and each column of data has a title. If you are entering data by hand, use time or the independent variable in
More informationGUIDELINES FOR PREPARING POSTERS USING POWERPOINT PRESENTATION SOFTWARE
Society for the Teaching of Psychology (APA Division 2) OFFICE OF TEACHING RESOURCES IN PSYCHOLOGY (OTRP) Department of Psychology, Georgia Southern University, P. O. Box 8041, Statesboro, GA 304608041
More informationAn Introduction to Graphing in Excel
An Introduction to Graphing in Excel This example uses Excel to graph Y vs X. This problem starts as follows: 1.Complete the following table and on graph paper, graph the line for the equation x 2y = Identify
More informationTrial 9 No Pill Placebo Drug Trial 4. Trial 6.
An essential part of science is communication of research results. In addition to written descriptions and interpretations, the data are presented in a figure that shows, in a visual format, the effect
More informationProducing a Gantt Chart Using Microsoft Excel s Bar Graph Functionality
Producing a Gantt Chart Using Microsoft Excel s Bar Graph Functionality Introduction Gantt Charts are used in a variety of settings, especially when complex projects are implemented. Gantt Charts give
More informationA Guide to Using Excel in Physics Lab
A Guide to Using Excel in Physics Lab Excel has the potential to be a very useful program that will save you lots of time. Excel is especially useful for making repetitious calculations on large data sets.
More informationApplying a circular load. Immediate and consolidation settlement. Deformed contours. Query points and query lines. Graph query.
Quick Start Tutorial 11 Quick Start Tutorial This quick start tutorial will cover some of the basic features of Settle3D. A circular load is applied to a single soil layer and settlements are examined.
More informationLearning Module 4  Thermal Fluid Analysis Note: LM4 is still in progress. This version contains only 3 tutorials.
Learning Module 4  Thermal Fluid Analysis Note: LM4 is still in progress. This version contains only 3 tutorials. Attachment C1. SolidWorksSpecific FEM Tutorial 1... 2 Attachment C2. SolidWorksSpecific
More informationIntro to Excel spreadsheets
Intro to Excel spreadsheets What are the objectives of this document? The objectives of document are: 1. Familiarize you with what a spreadsheet is, how it works, and what its capabilities are; 2. Using
More informationUsing Excel to Graph a Linear Equation
Using Excel to Graph a Linear Equation Level: LBS 5 Goal: To become familiar with Microsoft Excel and the Chart Wizard in order to create graphs of linear equations on the computer. Learning Outcomes:
More informationTABLE OF CONTENTS. INTRODUCTION... 5 Advance Concrete... 5 Where to find information?... 6 INSTALLATION... 7 STARTING ADVANCE CONCRETE...
Starting Guide TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 5 Advance Concrete... 5 Where to find information?... 6 INSTALLATION... 7 STARTING ADVANCE CONCRETE... 7 ADVANCE CONCRETE USER INTERFACE... 7 Other important
More informationBriefing document: How to create a Gantt chart using a spreadsheet
Briefing document: How to create a Gantt chart using a spreadsheet A Gantt chart is a popular way of using a bartype chart to show the schedule for a project. It is named after Henry Gantt who created
More informationScientific Graphing in Excel 2010
Scientific Graphing in Excel 2010 When you start Excel, you will see the screen below. Various parts of the display are labelled in red, with arrows, to define the terms used in the remainder of this overview.
More informationExcel Charts and Graphs 2013
Excel Charts and Graphs 2013 Copyright 2014, Software Application Training, West Chester University. A member of the Pennsylvania State Systems of Higher Education. No portion of this document may be reproduced
More informationExcel Tutorial. Bio 150B Excel Tutorial 1
Bio 15B Excel Tutorial 1 Excel Tutorial As part of your laboratory writeups and reports during this semester you will be required to collect and present data in an appropriate format. To organize and
More informationChapter 4 Creating Charts and Graphs
Calc Guide Chapter 4 OpenOffice.org Copyright This document is Copyright 2006 by its contributors as listed in the section titled Authors. You can distribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either
More informationFigure 1. An embedded chart on a worksheet.
8. Excel Charts and Analysis ToolPak Charts, also known as graphs, have been an integral part of spreadsheets since the early days of Lotus 123. Charting features have improved significantly over the
More informationPetrel TIPS&TRICKS from SCM
Petrel TIPS&TRICKS from SCM Maps: Knowledge Worth Sharing Map Annotation A map is a graphic representation of some part of the earth. In our industry, it may represent either the surface or sub surface;
More informationAtomic Force Microscope
Atomic Force Microscope (Veeco Nanoman) User Manual Basic Operation 4 th Edition Aug 2012 NR System Startup If the system is currently ON To start the NanoScope software, doubleclick the NanoScope startup
More informationMaking Visio Diagrams Come Alive with Data
Making Visio Diagrams Come Alive with Data An Information Commons Workshop Making Visio Diagrams Come Alive with Data Page Workshop Why Add Data to A Diagram? Here are comparisons of a flow chart with
More informationAppendix C. Vernier Tutorial
C1. Vernier Tutorial Introduction: In this lab course, you will collect, analyze and interpret data. The purpose of this tutorial is to teach you how to use the Vernier System to collect and transfer
More informationUsing Excel for descriptive statistics
FACT SHEET Using Excel for descriptive statistics Introduction Biologists no longer routinely plot graphs by hand or rely on calculators to carry out difficult and tedious statistical calculations. These
More informationDashboard logging data graphs. Dashboard logging data graphs How to create graphs from Dashboard logging data using MS Excel.
Dashboard logging data graphs How to create graphs from Dashboard logging data using MS Excel Introduction The TBS Dashboard for Windows software environment, offers data logging capabilities for each
More informationLab 1: The metric system measurement of length and weight
Lab 1: The metric system measurement of length and weight Introduction The scientific community and the majority of nations throughout the world use the metric system to record quantities such as length,
More informationExcel Math Project for 8th Grade Identifying Patterns
There are several terms that we will use to describe your spreadsheet: Workbook, worksheet, row, column, cell, cursor, name box, formula bar. Today you are going to create a spreadsheet to investigate
More informationMicrosoft Excel Tutorial
Microsoft Excel Tutorial by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 Nielsen Physics Building The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 379961200 Copyright August, 2000 by James
More informationUsing Excel for Handling, Graphing, and Analyzing Scientific Data:
Using Excel for Handling, Graphing, and Analyzing Scientific Data: A Resource for Science and Mathematics Students Scott A. Sinex Barbara A. Gage Department of Physical Sciences and Engineering Prince
More informationInformation Literacy Program
Information Literacy Program Excel (2013) Advanced Charts 2015 ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training ilp@anu.edu.au Table of Contents Excel (2013) Advanced Charts Overview of charts... 1 Create a chart...
More informationExcel  Creating Charts
Excel  Creating Charts The saying goes, A picture is worth a thousand words, and so true. Professional looking charts give visual enhancement to your statistics, fiscal reports or presentation. Excel
More informationFinding Drag Coefficient using Solidworks Flow Simulation
Finding Drag Coefficient using Solidworks Flow Simulation Using solidworks to find the drag coefficient of shapes is a very useful way to cut down on the design time of a project, as it can remove tests.
More informationExcel Unit 4. Data files needed to complete these exercises will be found on the S: drive>410>student>computer Technology>Excel>Unit 4
Excel Unit 4 Data files needed to complete these exercises will be found on the S: drive>410>student>computer Technology>Excel>Unit 4 Step by Step 4.1 Creating and Positioning Charts GET READY. Before
More informationBeginning Excel. Revised 5/01
Beginning Excel Objectives: The Learner will: Become familiar with terminology used in Microsoft Excel Create a simple workbook Write a simple formula Create a simple chart Sort a simple text chart Formatting
More informationGraphing Exercise 1. Create a Pie Graph by Selecting a Data Table
Graphing Exercise 1. Create a Pie Graph by Selecting a Data Table This exercise selects the data in an existing data table and creates a pie graph of the data (Figure G11). Figure G11. Tree species sampled
More informationFormulas, Functions and Charts
Formulas, Functions and Charts :: 167 8 Formulas, Functions and Charts 8.1 INTRODUCTION In this leson you can enter formula and functions and perform mathematical calcualtions. You will also be able to
More informationEntering data and doing repetitive calculations with Excel
Entering data and doing repetitive calculations with Excel Start by entering preliminary data in columns. Label each column. If you need to do repetitive calculations on your data before you make a graph,
More informationMARS STUDENT IMAGING PROJECT
MARS STUDENT IMAGING PROJECT Data Analysis Practice Guide Mars Education Program Arizona State University Data Analysis Practice Guide This set of activities is designed to help you organize data you collect
More informationPlots, CurveFitting, and Data Modeling in Microsoft Excel
Plots, CurveFitting, and Data Modeling in Microsoft Excel This handout offers some tips on making nice plots of data collected in your lab experiments, as well as instruction on how to use the builtin
More informationDirections for Graphing the Student Pre and Post Test of LAMP Unit based on Indiana State Standards Directions to set up the Spreadsheet
Directions for Graphing the Student Pre and Post Test of LAMP Unit based on Indiana State Standards (Note: These directions work for Excel 2008 for Mac) Directions to set up the Spreadsheet 1. Open a new
More informationAdvanced Microsoft Excel 2010
Advanced Microsoft Excel 2010 Table of Contents THE PASTE SPECIAL FUNCTION... 2 Paste Special Options... 2 Using the Paste Special Function... 3 ORGANIZING DATA... 4 MultipleLevel Sorting... 4 Subtotaling
More informationSECTION 21: OVERVIEW SECTION 22: FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTIONS
SECTION 21: OVERVIEW Chapter 2 Describing, Exploring and Comparing Data 19 In this chapter, we will use the capabilities of Excel to help us look more carefully at sets of data. We can do this by reorganizing
More informationCreating an Excel XY (Scatter) Plot
Creating an Excel XY (Scatter) Plot EXCEL REVIEW 2122 1 What is an XY or Scatter Plot? An XY or scatter plot either shows the relationships among the numeric values in several data series or plots two
More informationManual for simulation of EB processing. Software ModeRTL
1 Manual for simulation of EB processing Software ModeRTL How to get results. Software ModeRTL. Software ModeRTL consists of five thematic modules and service blocks. (See Fig.1). Analytic module is intended
More informationWorking with Excel in Origin
Working with Excel in Origin Limitations When Working with Excel in Origin To plot your workbook data in Origin, you must have Excel version 7 (Microsoft Office 95) or later installed on your computer
More informationTips and Tricks for Printing an Excel Spreadsheet
Tips and Tricks for Printing an Excel Spreadsheet Microsoft Excel provides the following ways to view your spreadsheet and adjust how it will look printed: Normal view This is the default view and is best
More informationDirections for Creating a Column Graph and Plotting the Standard Deviation of the Average in Excel 2007
Directions for Creating a Column Graph and Plotting the Standard Deviation of the Average in Excel 2007 We will create a column graph comparing 5 volumes and their average volume for 5 Zinc washers. Also
More informationSTC: Descriptive Statistics in Excel 2013. Running Descriptive and Correlational Analysis in Excel 2013
Running Descriptive and Correlational Analysis in Excel 2013 Tips for coding a survey Use short phrases for your data table headers to keep your worksheet neat, you can always edit the labels in tables
More informationGuide To Creating Academic Posters Using Microsoft PowerPoint 2010
Guide To Creating Academic Posters Using Microsoft PowerPoint 2010 INFORMATION SERVICES Version 3.0 July 2011 Table of Contents Section 1  Introduction... 1 Section 2  Initial Preparation... 2 2.1 Overall
More informationEmbankment Consolidation
Embankment Consolidation 361 Embankment Consolidation In this tutorial, RS2 is used for a coupled analysis of a road embankment subject to loading from typical daily traffic. Model Start the RS2 9.0 Model
More informationSpreadsheets and Laboratory Data Analysis: Excel 2003 Version (Excel 2007 is only slightly different)
Spreadsheets and Laboratory Data Analysis: Excel 2003 Version (Excel 2007 is only slightly different) Spreadsheets are computer programs that allow the user to enter and manipulate numbers. They are capable
More informationCreating a PowerPoint Poster using Windows
Creating a PowerPoint Poster using Windows Copyright 2001 Michael Dougherty (michael@nmsu.edu) Purpose The purpose of this tutorial is to illustrate how to create a 3 x 4 ft. poster using PowerPoint. This
More informationUsing Microsoft Excel to Plot and Analyze Kinetic Data
Entering and Formatting Data Using Microsoft Excel to Plot and Analyze Kinetic Data Open Excel. Set up the spreadsheet page (Sheet 1) so that anyone who reads it will understand the page (Figure 1). Type
More informationAcceleration of Gravity Lab Basic Version
Acceleration of Gravity Lab Basic Version In this lab you will explore the motion of falling objects. As an object begins to fall, it moves faster and faster (its velocity increases) due to the acceleration
More informationTHERMO NORAN SYSTEM SIX ENERGY DISPERSIVE X RAY SPECTROMETER. Insert Nickname Here. Operating Instructions
THERMO NORAN SYSTEM SIX ENERGY DISPERSIVE X RAY SPECTROMETER Insert Nickname Here Operating Instructions Table of Contents 1 INTRODUCTION Safety 1 Samples 1 2 BACKGROUND Background Information 3 References
More informationData Visualization. Prepared by Francisco Olivera, Ph.D., Srikanth Koka Department of Civil Engineering Texas A&M University February 2004
Data Visualization Prepared by Francisco Olivera, Ph.D., Srikanth Koka Department of Civil Engineering Texas A&M University February 2004 Contents Brief Overview of ArcMap Goals of the Exercise Computer
More informationCREATING EXCEL PIVOT TABLES AND PIVOT CHARTS FOR LIBRARY QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS
CREATING EXCEL PIVOT TABLES AND PIVOT CHARTS FOR LIBRARY QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS An Excel Pivot Table is an interactive table that summarizes large amounts of data. It allows the user to view and manipulate
More informationExcel Using Pivot Tables
Overview A PivotTable report is an interactive table that allows you to quickly group and summarise information from a data source. You can rearrange (or pivot) the table to display different perspectives
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2010: Create a Chart from Start to Finish. Learn about charts
Microsoft Excel no longer provides the chart wizard. Instead, you can create a basic chart by clicking the chart type that you want on the Insert tab in the Charts group. To create a chart that displays
More informationDisplaying Grid Files
Displaying Grid Files Grid files are commonly used to store millions of values in a single file. In order to display this amount of data quickly and effectively in mapspace, specialized techniques are
More informationIntermediate PowerPoint
Intermediate PowerPoint Charts and Templates By: Jim Waddell Last modified: January 2002 Topics to be covered: Creating Charts 2 Creating the chart. 2 Line Charts and Scatter Plots 4 Making a Line Chart.
More informationStudying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE)
Studying Topography, Orographic Rainfall, and Ecosystems (STORE) Basic Lesson 3: Using Microsoft Excel to Analyze Weather Data: Topography and Temperature Introduction This lesson uses NCDC data to compare
More informationBar Graphs and Histograms
Bar Graphs and Histograms Table of Contents 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Creating a bar graph with one independent variable Creating a bar graph with two independent variables Adjusting bar spacing Introduction to
More informationInfographics in Illustrator CC
Infographics in Illustrator CC STC 1 STC 2 Background Information graphics or infographics are visual representations of information, data, or knowledge intended to present complex information quickly
More informationA simple three dimensional Column bar chart can be produced from the following example spreadsheet. Note that cell A1 is left blank.
Department of Library Services Creating Charts in Excel 2007 www.library.dmu.ac.uk Using the Microsoft Excel 2007 chart creation system you can quickly produce professional looking charts. This help sheet
More informationMetroBoston DataCommon Training
MetroBoston DataCommon Training Whether you are a data novice or an expert researcher, the MetroBoston DataCommon can help you get the information you need to learn more about your community, understand
More informationExcel 2007  Using Pivot Tables
Overview A PivotTable report is an interactive table that allows you to quickly group and summarise information from a data source. You can rearrange (or pivot) the table to display different perspectives
More informationMerging Labels, Letters, and Envelopes Word 2013
Merging Labels, Letters, and Envelopes Word 2013 Merging... 1 Types of Merges... 1 The Merging Process... 2 Labels  A Page of the Same... 2 Labels  A Blank Page... 3 Creating Custom Labels... 3 Merged
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2013: Charts June 2014
Microsoft Excel 2013: Charts June 2014 Description We will focus on Excel features for graphs and charts. We will discuss multiple axes, formatting data, choosing chart type, adding notes and images, and
More informationAdvanced Presentation Features and Animation
There are three features that you should remember as you work within PowerPoint 2007: the Microsoft Office Button, the Quick Access Toolbar, and the Ribbon. The function of these features will be more
More informationExcel 2007 Tutorial  Draft
These notes will serve as a guide and reminder of several features in Excel 2007 that make the use of a spreadsheet more like an interactive thinking tool. The basic features/options to be explored are:
More informationPlotting: Customizing the Graph
Plotting: Customizing the Graph Data Plots: General Tips Making a Data Plot Active Within a graph layer, only one data plot can be active. A data plot must be set active before you can use the Data Selector
More informationPractical Image Tips and Exercises for PowerPoint
Practical Image Tips and Exercises for PowerPoint Exercise 1: Remove Image Background Eliminating a background from an image can make a big difference in the impact of an image. 1. Insert the image From
More informationExcel Guide for Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus
Excel Guide for Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus Revathi Narasimhan Kean University A technology guide to accompany Mathematical Applications, 6 th Edition Applied Calculus, 2 nd Edition Calculus:
More informationGenerating ABI PRISM 7700 Standard Curve Plots in a Spreadsheet Program
Generating ABI PRISM 7700 Standard Curve Plots in a Spreadsheet Program Overview The goal of this tutorial is to demonstrate the procedure through which analyzed data generated within an ABI PRISM 7700
More informationThis activity will show you how to draw graphs of algebraic functions in Excel.
This activity will show you how to draw graphs of algebraic functions in Excel. Open a new Excel workbook. This is Excel in Office 2007. You may not have used this version before but it is very much the
More informationData Visualization. Brief Overview of ArcMap
Data Visualization Prepared by Francisco Olivera, Ph.D., P.E., Srikanth Koka and Lauren Walker Department of Civil Engineering September 13, 2006 Contents: Brief Overview of ArcMap Goals of the Exercise
More informationAPPLYING BENFORD'S LAW This PDF contains stepbystep instructions on how to apply Benford's law using Microsoft Excel, which is commonly used by
APPLYING BENFORD'S LAW This PDF contains stepbystep instructions on how to apply Benford's law using Microsoft Excel, which is commonly used by internal auditors around the world in their daytoday
More informationCreating Population Pyramids Using Microsoft Excel
Creating Population Pyramids Using Microsoft Excel Population pyramids are one of the most basic illustrative tools used in demography to show the age structure of a population. This document will show
More informationPlotting Data with Microsoft Excel
Plotting Data with Microsoft Excel Here is an example of an attempt to plot parametric data in a scientifically meaningful way, using Microsoft Excel. This example describes an experience using the Office
More informationGelAnalyzer 2010 User s manual. Contents
GelAnalyzer 2010 User s manual Contents 1. Starting GelAnalyzer... 2 2. The main window... 2 3. Create a new analysis... 2 4. The image window... 3 5. Lanes... 3 5.1 Detect lanes automatically... 3 5.2
More informationInteractive Excel Spreadsheets:
Interactive Excel Spreadsheets: Constructing Visualization Tools to Enhance Your Learnercentered Math and Science Classroom Scott A. Sinex Department of Physical Sciences and Engineering Prince George
More informationRL HW / RL HW+ / RL HGW / RL HV / RL HVPW/RL HVPWG
AutoLevelling Rotary Laser Level RL HW / RL HW+ / RL HGW / RL HV / RL HVPW/RL HVPWG 77496 / 77429 / 77439 / 77497 / 77427/ 77441 Please read these instructions before operating the product AutoLevelling
More informationBasic Pivot Tables. To begin your pivot table, choose Data, Pivot Table and Pivot Chart Report. 1 of 18
Basic Pivot Tables Pivot tables summarize data in a quick and easy way. In your job, you could use pivot tables to summarize actual expenses by fund type by object or total amounts. Make sure you do not
More informationBeckman Coulter DTX 880 Multimode Detector Bergen County Technical Schools Stem Cell Lab
Beckman Coulter DTX 880 Multimode Detector Bergen County Technical Schools Stem Cell Lab Room 213 Beckman Coulter DTX 880 Multimode Detector Information The Beckman Coulter DTX 880 Multimode Detector is
More informationThis activity will show you how to use Excel to draw cumulative frequency graphs. 0 < x < x < x
Pay rates for men and women Excel 2003 activity This activity will show you how to use Excel to draw cumulative frequency graphs. Information sheet The table gives the results from a survey about hourly
More informationDealing with Data in Excel 2010
Dealing with Data in Excel 2010 Excel provides the ability to do computations and graphing of data. Here we provide the basics and some advanced capabilities available in Excel that are useful for dealing
More informationGet The Picture: Visualizing Financial Data part 1
Get The Picture: Visualizing Financial Data part 1 by Jeremy Walton Turning numbers into pictures is usually the easiest way of finding out what they mean. We're all familiar with the display of for example
More informationDynamic Blocks in AutoCAD
AutoCAD 2006 Dynamic Blocks in AutoCAD Part 2 of 3: Inventory of Block Editor, Commands, Parameters, Actions, and Parameter Sets. This second of three white papers on Dynamic Blocks in AutoCAD 2006 documents
More informationGraphs and Charts. Excel 2010. Produced by Flinders University Centre for Educational ICT
Graphs and Charts Excel 2010 Produced by Flinders University Centre for Educational ICT CONTENTS Layout... 1 The Ribbon Bar... 2 Minimising the Ribbon Bar... 2 The File Tab... 3 What the Commands and Buttons
More informationIntroduction to Autodesk Inventor for F1 in Schools
Introduction to Autodesk Inventor for F1 in Schools F1 in Schools Race Car In this course you will be introduced to Autodesk Inventor, which is the centerpiece of Autodesk s digital prototyping strategy
More informationIn this example, Mrs. Smith is looking to create graphs that represent the ethnic diversity of the 24 students in her 4 th grade class.
Creating a Pie Graph Stepbystep directions In this example, Mrs. Smith is looking to create graphs that represent the ethnic diversity of the 24 students in her 4 th grade class. 1. Enter Data A. Open
More informationMS Project Tutorial for Senior Design Using Microsoft Project to manage projects
MS Project Tutorial for Senior Design Using Microsoft Project to manage projects Overview: Project management is an important part of the senior design process. For the most part, teams manage projects
More informationThe Secrets of Cutting Plan and Profile Sheets in AutoCAD Civil 3D Michelle Rasmussen  Application Engineer, IMAGINiT Technologies
12/4/200810:00 am  11:30 am Room:Palazzo OP (5th) The Secrets of Cutting Plan and Profile Sheets in AutoCAD Civil 3D Michelle Rasmussen  Application Engineer, IMAGINiT Technologies CV3041P In this
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2010 Tutorial
1 Microsoft Excel 2010 Tutorial Excel is a spreadsheet program in the Microsoft Office system. You can use Excel to create and format workbooks (a collection of spreadsheets) in order to analyze data and
More informationExcel: Creating Charts
Excel: Creating Charts TABLE OF CONTENTS CHARTING IN EXCEL...1 WHICH CHART TO USE?!...1 SOME DEFINITIONS OF TERMINOLOGY RELATING TO CHARTS...3 CREATING A CHART...5 CHART WIZARD...5 ADD DATA TO A CHART...7
More information0 Introduction to Data Analysis Using an Excel Spreadsheet
Experiment 0 Introduction to Data Analysis Using an Excel Spreadsheet I. Purpose The purpose of this introductory lab is to teach you a few basic things about how to use an EXCEL 2010 spreadsheet to do
More informationExcel 2002. What you will do:
What you will do: Explore the features of Excel 2002 Create a blank workbook and a workbook from a template Format a workbook Apply formulas to a workbook Create a chart Import data to a workbook Share
More informationReading: Graphing Techniques Revised 3/6/12 GRAPHING TECHNIQUES
GRAPHING TECHNIQUES Mathematical relationships between variables are determined by graphing experimental data. For example, the linear relationship between the concentration and the absorption of dilute
More informationMicrosoft Excel 2010 Charts and Graphs
Microsoft Excel 2010 Charts and Graphs Email: training@health.ufl.edu Web Page: http://training.health.ufl.edu Microsoft Excel 2010: Charts and Graphs 2.0 hours Topics include data groupings; creating
More informationCreating a Gradebook in Excel
Creating a Spreadsheet Gradebook 1 Creating a Gradebook in Excel Spreadsheets are a great tool for creating gradebooks. With a little bit of work, you can create a customized gradebook that will provide
More informationFormatting Data. Format as a Table. Filter Data. Conditional Formatting. Eliminate Duplicate Records. Summarize Data: Subtotals
Formatting Data Format as a Table Filter Data Conditional Formatting Eliminate Duplicate Records Summarize Data: Subtotals Formatting Data Use the following options to format your data: Automatically adjust
More information