# Basic Quantitative Analysis: Using Excel to Analyze Your Data

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1 Basic Quantitative Analysis: Using Excel to Analyze Your Data Kimberly Yousey, PhD. Associate Director, Assessment Programs StudentVoice press 1

2 Defining Quantitative Assessment Uses Numbers Tables/Charts vs. words/stories More general information Breaks things into variables and factors Uses independent and dependent variables

3 Before you start What is the purpose of your assessment? Determines quantitative/qualitative or mixed methods What is your assessment plan? Determines instruments, timeline, sample, etc. Who is your final audience? **Determines how you will analyze your data**

4 Audience is key: Large Audience or Practice-Based Most common Less technical language is required Less technical analysis is needed Simple is better Technical audience or Research-Based Less common, but sometimes needed for faculty and others More technical language and reports More technical analysis

5 What types of analysis would we use? Large Audience or Practice-Based Technical audience or Research-Based

6 Where are you getting your data? Paper copies 3 options Enter by hand (careful of human error!) Scan (careful of computer error!) Count (less human error but still there) On-line (download into excel) PDAs Others??

7 On-Line Example Survey Monkey Student Voice ITS Snap Others

8 Excel Basics Sorting Data: ALWAYS remember to highlight everything before you sort (click box in top left corner) Data Sort Pick Column and order Press OK Formulas: \$ vs no \$

9 Quantitative Analysis: Frequency Number of times an answer is given for a certain question Let s try the hard way first: 3 groups, one for each column Count number of time each answer is given for first 20 rows

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11 Frequencies Now the easy way Go to bottom of row Use the formula for COUNTIF: =COUNTIF(\$A\$2:\$A\$98, Yes ) tells excel to count where to count what to count (\$ will keep the A2:A98 consistent if you copy and past)

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13 Frequencies Repeat for each item you want to count in that question Be sure to LABEL what you are doing so when you go back you know what it is Quick Tip: Copy and Paste formulas to speed things up, but always double check that Excel is following you correctly!

14 What can you use frequencies for? Basic summary data Do you tend to study while you are commuting? Yes No

15 But wait, how did you make that pretty graph? 1. Go to the Chart Wizard icon or Insert then Chart 2. Pick which chart you would like (this example is bar so we picked the Column option) 3. Next 4. Want to name things? Hit Series. In this example we need to change the Category Labels so we click on that space and then highlight the Yes and No cells in our Excel worksheet 5. Next 6. Title Have you Always Lived on Campus Axes and Gridlines don t usually have to do anything Legend turned off Show Legend Data Labels clicked on Value Data Table did nothing 7. Next 8. Finish

16 Percents Why percents vs. straight frequencies? Compare different sized groups Proportions Sometimes easier to understand Audience

17 Percents The hard way The easy way: Add the Column (highlight what you want to add, hit Sum key on menu or use Use formula: =SUM (A100:A101) = A100/\$A\$102 Item frequency/total Sum

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19 Percents You will get a long decimal number, such as To change it to a percent: Highlight cell Go to Format then Cell Click on Number then Percentage then choose number of decimal points Ok Don t forget to label again

20 Percents Pie Chart Same process, go to Chart Wizard Select Pie Chart then Next Under Series put cursor on Category Labels then highlight Yes and No cells on your worksheet Next Title added a title, under Data Labels selected Values Next and Finish

21 Do you tend to study while commuting by percent 56.7% 43.3% Yes No

22 Frequencies/Percents by Groups Looking at two different factors/questions Combine information to make new information Helps to see if there are relationships Helps to compare groups

23 Frequencies/Percents by Groups Similar concept only you group your formulas by selected groups or factors using the data limits Example: What about whether people study combined with the length of their commute?

24 Frequencies/Percents by Groups 1. Sort your data by one group (think about which is most logical). Remember select all data, then go to Data, Sort pick the column, and Ok 2. Note the range of the group you sorted by (for example No is from A2:A56 and Yes is from A57:A98)

25 Frequencies/Percents by Groups 3. Set up chart at bottom so your labels are done 4. Write in COUNTIF formulas to correspond with the range, ie for No and for Yes, but to count the items in column B 30 minutes - 1 hour hours hours Yes =COUNTIF(\$B\$57:\$B\$98, 30 minutes 1 hour ) =COUNTIF(\$B\$57:\$B\$98, hours ) =COUNTIF(\$B\$57:\$B\$98, hours ) No =COUNTIF(\$B\$2:\$B\$56, 30 minutes 1 hour ) =COUNTIF(\$B\$2:\$B\$56, hours ) =COUNTIF(\$B\$2:\$B\$56, hours ) More than 2 hours =COUNTIF(\$B\$57:\$B\$98, More than 2 hours ) =COUNTIF(\$B\$2:\$B\$56, More than 2 hours )

26 Frequencies/Percents by Groups Yes No 30 minutes - 1 hour hours hours 4 2 More than 2 hours 2 2

27 Frequencies/Percents by Groups Sometimes easier to see on a graph Study while commuting with length of commute Yes No minutes - 1 hour hours hours More than 2 hours

28 Other examples: Multiple factors (such as time of day):

29 Real Life Example: Can show by tables, graphs or just in words Pictures are easier and faster to read

30 Random Drawings Incentives, prizes, samples and more Formula: = RANDBETWEEN (1, ) The formula will draw a random number between the numbers you indicate You can match that number up with a line in excel with a corresponding address If you need more than 1 drawing (i.e. drawing for 10 itunes cards), copy and paste formula 10 times

31 Tips to Remember: Copying and Pasting formulas saves a lot of time Remember to double check Use \$ when you want a cell to stay constant Do not use \$ when you want excel to follow you Save frequently Move graphs to new worksheets (copy/paste OR you can set to displan on a new worksheet when in the chart-maker before you hit Finish on last page select As a new sheet and give it a new name)

32 Where can you go for help? Staff Development/Training Take an Excel course Formula and other books Help tab on Excel is EXCELLENT!

33 Questions? Thanks for coming!

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