Learning Module 4 - Thermal Fluid Analysis Note: LM4 is still in progress. This version contains only 3 tutorials.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Learning Module 4 - Thermal Fluid Analysis Note: LM4 is still in progress. This version contains only 3 tutorials."

Transcription

1 Learning Module 4 - Thermal Fluid Analysis Note: LM4 is still in progress. This version contains only 3 tutorials. Attachment C1. SolidWorks-Specific FEM Tutorial Attachment C2. SolidWorks-Specific FEM Tutorial Attachment C3. SolidWorks-Specific FEM Tutorial

2 Attachment C1. SolidWorks-Specific FEM Tutorial 1 Overview: In this section, three tutorial problems will be solved using the commercial FEM software SolidWorks. Although the underlying principles and logical steps of an FEM simulation identified in the Conceptual Analysis section are independent of any particular FEM software, the realization of conceptual analysis steps will be software dependent. The SolidWorks-specific steps are described in this section. This is a step-by-step tutorial. However, it is designed such that those who are familiar with the details in a particular step can skip it and go directly into the next step. Tutorial Problem Launching SolidWorks SolidWorks Simulation is an integral part of the SolidWorks computer aided design software suite. The general user interface of SolidWorks is shown in Figure 1. Main menu Frequently used command icons Help icon Roll over to display File, Tools and other menus Figure 1: General user interface of SolidWorks. In order to perform flow analysis, it is necessary to enable the software add-in component, called SolidWorks Flow Simulation. Step 1: Enabling SolidWorks Flow Simulation

3 o Click Tools in the main menu and select Add-ins... The Add-ins dialog window appears, as shown in Figure 2. o Check the boxes in both the Active Add-ins and Start Up columns corresponding to SolidWorks Flow Simulation. o Checking the Active Add-ins box enables SolidWorks to activate the Flow Simulation package for the current session. Checking the Start Up box enables the Flow Simulation package for all future sessions whenever SolidWorks starts up. Figure 2: Location of the SolidWorks icon and the boxes to be checked for adding it to the panel. 1. Pre-Processing Purpose: The purpose of pre-processing is to create an FEM model for use in the next step of the simulation, Solution. It consists of the following sub-steps: Geometry creation Material property assignment Boundary condition specification Mesh generation.

4 1.1 Geometry Creation The purpose of Geometry Creation is to create a geometrical representation of the solid object or structure to be analyzed. In SolidWorks, such a geometric model is called a part. In this tutorial, the necessary part has already been created in SolidWorks. The following steps will open up the part for use in the flow analysis. Step 1: Opening the part for simulation. One of the following two options can be used. o Option1: Double click the following icon to open the embedded part file, Cylinder.SLDPRT, in SolidWorks Click SolidWorks part file icon to open it ==> Bank of Tubes.SLDPRT o Option 2: Download the part file Cylinder.SLDPRT from the web site Use the File menu in SolidWorks to open the downloaded part. The SolidWorks model tree will appear with the given part name at the top. Above the model tree, there should be various tabs labeled Features, Sketch, etc. If the Flow Simulation tab is not visible, go back to steps 1 and 2 to enable the SolidWorks Flow Simulation package. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has two options to create a new project: using the configuration wizard and creating a new project with default settings. In this situation, the project configuration will be used to specify the initial conditions. Step 2: Using the flow simulation wizard to configure a new project o Click the tab above the model tree o Click the icon to create a new flow simulation study o In the first step of the wizard, select Create new and type Flow over bank of tubes next to Configuration name and click Next > o Select SI (m-kg-s) in the box underneath Unit System to set the default units to English units o The temperature is given in units of Celsius in the problem statement, so click on the drop-down menu and select Celsius as in Figure 3 and click Next > o Change Analysis type to External to specify the fluid is flowing outside of the part and click Next > o Underneath Fluids, expand the Gases section, highlight Air and click Add o Change Flow type to Laminar Only as in Figure 4 o Once Air (Gases) is added to the Project Fluids and the Default Fluid box is checked, click Next > o Leave the Default wall thermal condition as Adiabatic wall and Roughness at 0 micrometer and click Next >

5 o Change the Velocity in X direction to 15 m/s and Temperature to 27 F to set the initial conditions as in Figure 5 o Click Next > and then Finish to complete the set-up

6

7 1.1 Material Property Assignment The next step in FEM analysis is to apply the material properties to the cylinder. The material is given in the problem as Plain Carbon Steel and the SolidWorks libraries can be used to apply the material properties. Step 1: Applying the material o Right click on the Bank of Tubes part in the model tree o Select Material -> Plain Carbon Steel 1.3 Boundary Condition Specification Purpose: The purpose of this section is apply the correct boundary conditions and set goals for the simulation software. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has many ways to apply boundary conditions to a model. Many of the icons that will be used in this module are under the Flow Simulation tab in the command manager and can also be found by clicking on the Flow Simulation analysis tree. The analysis tree makes the flow simulation studies more manageable because it shows the various inputs and results that can be applied. Figure 6 shows the flow simulation analysis tree

8 with the inputs and results tabs. Click on the Flow Simulation analysis tree to start applying boundary conditions. Figure 6: The flow simulation analysis tree Since this is an external flow problem, most of the boundary conditions were defined in the project wizard. The only boundary condition that must be set outside of the project wizard is the temperature of the tubes. Step 1: Setting the tube temperature Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree Select Insert Boundary Condition Highlight the box underneath Selection, expand the model tree, and click on Boss- Extrude1 to select all the faces Select the Wall icon underneath Type and leave the default Real Wall Click the Adjust Wall Temperature icon in the Wall Parameters section Type 100 C Verify settings with Figure XX and click Figure XX: Setting the temperature of the tubes

9 The next step will set goals for the simulation before it runs, which allows the user to select the exact goals they are interested in and decreases the calculation time for the software. Flow Simulation can be used to find goals such as velocity, mass flow, etc. at a point, surface, volume, or globally. In this case, the simulation needs to find parameters for the whole system, so global goals will be used. Step 1: Setting goals for the software o Right click on Goals in the analysis tree o Select Insert Global Goals o Insert the following goals as in Figure 7: Average Heat flux, Heat Transfer Rate, Maximum Velocity, Maximum X-Component of Velocity o Click to apply the goals 1.4 Mesh Generation Figure XX: Setting global goals for the simulation Purpose: The purpose of the Mesh Generation sub-step is to discretize the part into elements. The flow simulation software also has a computational domain, which will also be examined in this section. The simulation software will only solve for parts within the computational domain, so it is important to include enough of the model to acquire good data without overloading the software. Calculation time will be reduced with a smaller computational domain and the domain will turn red if it s too small. Step 9: Setting the computational domain o Right click on Computational Domain in the analysis tree o Select Edit Definition

10 o Edit the boundaries to match those in Figure XX o The computational domain box should visually change after each value is entered o Click OK to accept the changes 2. Solution Figure XX: Adjusting the computational domain to reduce calculation time Purpose: The Solution is the step where the computer solves the simulation problem and generates results for use in the Post-Processing step. Step 1: Running the simulation o At the top of the screen, click o Make sure New calculation is selected and the Take previous results box is not checked as in Figure 8 o Click Run o The solver window will pop-up and notify when the simulation is finished

11 Figure: Running a study from scratch 3. Post-Processing Purpose: The purpose of the Post-Processing step is to process the results of interest. For this problem, various plot tools will be utilized and the goals will be exported to a spreadsheet. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has multiple ways of creating charts and graphs; however this module will work from the analysis tree for consistency. The first few steps will cover how to set up plot of the flow trajectories and how to modify the plot to obtain desired data. The flow trajectories plot traces the fluid flow through the computational domain and displays data such as velocity, temperature, pressure, etc., at each point. Step1: Inserting flow trajectories o Right click on Flow Trajectories from the analysis tree o Select Insert o Underneath Starting Points, choose the Reference icon and click on the Right Plane in the design tree o Adjust the dial next to Offset all the way to the left to set the starting point at the edge of the computational domain o Type 500 into Number of flow trajectories o Verify settings with Figure 10 and click

12 Figure 10: Setting the flow trajectories The default parameter in most of the Flow Simulation plots is pressure, but a variety of other options can be displayed on the graph. For the flow trajectories, displaying velocity can be a very useful tool. The next step will cover how to modify the flow trajectories to display other parameters. Step 2: Modifying the plot to display velocity o Click on the parameter underneath the legend (Pressure [lbf/in^2]) and a drop down menu will open up o Select Velocity and click The flow trajectories are shown below in Figure 11 and are displaying the overall velocity component. The trajectories show how the air is moving around the cylinder. In the space before the cylinder, the air is moving very straight and with uniform velocity. When the air hits the cylinder, it causes sharp velocity increases in the areas immediately around it. The airflow is very weak on the far side of the cylinder and takes awhile to level out on the other side. Right click on the plot at any time to Hide it.

13 Figure 11: Flow trajectories through the tube bank The next plot to examine is a cut plot, which also displays outputs such as velocity and pressure but in a different form than the flow trajectories. The cut plot shows a cross section of the computational domain and plots the specified parameter at each point. This allows the user to see things like pressure, velocity, or temperature in areas that the flow trajectories do not cover. Step 2: Creating a cut plot o Right click on Cut Plots in the analysis tree o Select Insert o Use the Reference icon in the Selection box o Select the Front Plane from the design tree o Change the offset to.5 m to set the plane in the middle of the computational domain o Select Contours from the Display section o Verify with Figure 11 and click to create the plot

14 Figure 11: Creating a cut plot Modify the cut plot in the same manner as the flow trajectories and plot the temperature and velocity. Figure XX: Cut plot of the velocity

15 For the temperature plot, double click on the color palette to adjust the plot settings as in Figure XX. This will make the temperature variation easier to see. Figure XX: Adjusting the plot settings Figure XX: Temperature cut plot The last part of the post-processing will be to calculate the goals from the pre-processing step. SolidWorks Flow Simulation will export the data to a spreadsheet and these numbers can be examined and some of them will be used to verify the simulation results.

16 Step 5: Outputting the goals of the simulation o Right click on Goals in the analysis tree o Select Insert o Click on Add All to select all the goals defined in the pre-processing steps o Click OK to output the goals to a spreadsheet Figure XX: Obtaining results from initial goals The table below shows the results of the simulation. These will be compared to the hand calculations in the next step. Bank of Tubes.SLDPRT [Flow over bank of tubes] Goal Name Unit Value Averaged Value Minimum Value Maximum Value Progress [%] GG Max Velocity 1 [m/s] GG Max X - Component of V[m/s] GG Av Heat Flux 1 [W/m^2] GG Heat Transfer Rate 1 [W] Hand Calculations Maximum Velocity and Reynolds number

17 Heat flux The convection coefficient can be found by first calculating the Nuselt number T o can be found by From heat transfer equations and tables, the heat flux is equal to SolidWorks Hand Calculations % Difference Maximum Velocity Heat Flux

18 Attachment C2. SolidWorks-Specific FEM Tutorial 2 Overview: In this section, three tutorial problems will be solved using the commercial FEM software SolidWorks. Although the underlying principles and logical steps of an FEM simulation identified in the Conceptual Analysis section are independent of any particular FEM software, the realization of conceptual analysis steps will be software dependent. The SolidWorks-specific steps are described in this section. This is a step-by-step tutorial. However, it is designed such that those who are familiar with the details in a particular step can skip it and go directly into the next step. Tutorial Problem Launching SolidWorks SolidWorks Simulation is an integral part of the SolidWorks computer aided design software suite. The general user interface of SolidWorks is shown in Figure 1. Main menu Frequently used command icons Help icon Roll over to display File, Tools and other menus Figure 1: General user interface of SolidWorks. In order to perform flow analysis, it is necessary to enable the software add-in component, called SolidWorks Flow Simulation.

19 Step 1: Enabling SolidWorks Flow Simulation o Click Tools in the main menu and select Add-ins... The Add-ins dialog window appears, as shown in Figure 2. o Check the boxes in both the Active Add-ins and Start Up columns corresponding to SolidWorks Flow Simulation. o Checking the Active Add-ins box enables SolidWorks to activate the Flow Simulation package for the current session. Checking the Start Up box enables the Flow Simulation package for all future sessions whenever SolidWorks starts up. Figure 2: Location of the SolidWorks icon and the boxes to be checked for adding it to the panel. 1. Pre-Processing Purpose: The purpose of pre-processing is to create an FEM model for use in the next step of the simulation, Solution. It consists of the following sub-steps: Geometry creation Material property assignment Boundary condition specification Mesh generation.

20 1.1 Geometry Creation The purpose of Geometry Creation is to create a geometrical representation of the solid object or structure to be analyzed. In SolidWorks, such a geometric model is called a part. In this tutorial, the necessary part has already been created in SolidWorks. The following steps will open up the part for use in the flow analysis. Step 1: Opening the part for simulation. One of the following two options can be used. o Option1: Double click the following icon to open the embedded part file, Cylinder.SLDPRT, in SolidWorks Click SolidWorks part file icon to open it ==> Cylinder.SLDPRT o Option 2: Download the part file Cylinder.SLDPRT from the web site Use the File menu in SolidWorks to open the downloaded part. The SolidWorks model tree will appear with the given part name at the top. Above the model tree, there should be various tabs labeled Features, Sketch, etc. If the Flow Simulation tab is not visible, go back to steps 1 and 2 to enable the SolidWorks Flow Simulation package. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has two options to create a new project: using the configuration wizard and creating a new project with default settings. In this situation, the project configuration will be used to specify the initial conditions. The flow simulation wizard will set up the initial parameters for the project. In this case, it will specify the type of fluid analysis, set up a unit of measurement, set the project fluid and the initial fluid temperatures. The fluid temperature will be an average of the inlet and outlet temperatures. Step 2: Using the flow simulation wizard to configure a new project o Click the tab above the model tree o Click the icon to create a new flow simulation study o In the first step of the wizard, select Create new and type Flow through cylinder next to Configuration name and click Next > o Select SI (m-kg-s) in the box underneath Unit System to set the default units to English units o The temperature is given in units of Celsius in the problem statement, so click on the drop-down menu and select Celsius as in Figure 3 and click Next > o Leave Analysis type as Internal to specify the fluid is flowing through the part and click Next > o Underneath Fluids, expand the Gases section, highlight Air and click Add

21 o Change Flow type to Laminar Only as in Figure 4 o Once Air (Gases) is added to the Project Fluids and the Default Fluid box is checked, click Next > o Leave the Default wall thermal condition as Adiabatic wall o Type 36 C in Temperature to set the initial conditions o Click Next > and then Finish to complete the set-up

22 1.2 Material Property Assignment The next step in FEM analysis is to apply the material properties to the cylinder. The material is given in the problem as Plain Carbon Steel and the SolidWorks libraries can be used to apply the material properties. Step 1: Applying the material o Right click on the Bank of Tubes part in the model tree o Select Material -> Plain Carbon Steel 1.3 Boundary Condition Specification Purpose: The purpose of this section is apply the correct boundary conditions and set goals for the simulation software. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has many ways to apply boundary conditions to a model. Many of the icons that will be used in this module are under the Flow Simulation tab in the command manager and can also be found by clicking on the Flow Simulation analysis tree.

23 The analysis tree makes the flow simulation studies more manageable because it shows the various inputs and results that can be applied. Figure 6 shows the flow simulation analysis tree with the inputs and results tabs. Click on the Flow Simulation analysis tree to start applying boundary conditions. Figure 6: The flow simulation analysis tree For the software to conduct an internal flow analysis, the model must be a completely enclosed volume. In this case there are two openings at the inlet and outlet of the model that need to be sealed before the software can run. To enclose the model, SolidWorks Flow Simulation has a tool called a lid. Step 1: Placing lids on the model openings Click on the Create Lids icon Select the exposed faces of the two openings Verify settings with Figure XX and click Figure XX: Creating lids for the model

24 The software may ask to reset the computational domain because of the model additions. Click Yes for any pop-ups that occur after the last step. The next step is to specify the rest of the initial boundary conditions that were not set in the project wizard. The next two steps will insert the inlet and outlet boundary conditions of the model. Boundary conditions in SolidWorks Flow Simulation must be placed between the solid and fluid boundary so the inner faces of the lids must be selected. The inlet boundary condition has a mass flow rate of 0.25 kg/s and a temperature of 15 C. Step 2: Setting the inlet boundary condition o Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree o Click Insert Boundary Condition o Right click on the outer face of the lid and click Select Other o Select the inner face of the lid o Type.25 kg/s next to Mass flow rate o Check the box next to Fully developed flow o Expand Thermodynamic Parameters and type 15 C o Verify settings with Figure XX and click Figure XX: Creating the inlet boundary conditions Step 3: Setting the outlet boundary conditions o Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree o Click Insert Boundary Condition o Right click on the outer face of the outlet lid and click Select Other o Select the inner face of the lid o Click on the Pressure openings icon underneath Type o Select Environmental Pressure

25 o Under Thermodynamic Parameters type 57 C o Verify settings with Figure XX and click Figure XX: Creating the outlet boundary condition The last boundary condition will be to set the internal wall temperature to 100 C Step 3: Setting the surface boundary conditions o Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree o Click Insert Boundary Condition o Right click on the outer face of the tube and click Select Other o Select the inner face of the tube o Click on the Wall icon underneath Type o Type 100 next to the temperature icon

26 The next step will set goals for the simulation before it runs, which allows the user to select the exact goals they are interested in and decreases the calculation time for the software. Flow Simulation can be used to find goals such as velocity, mass flow, etc. at a point, surface, volume, or globally. In this case, the simulation needs to find parameters for the whole system, so global goals will be used. Step 1: Setting goals for the software o Right click on Goals in the analysis tree o Select Insert Global Goals o Insert the following goals as in Figure XX: Average Heat flux, Heat Transfer Rate o Click to apply the goals

27 Figure XX: Setting goals for the simulation 1.4 Mesh Generation Purpose: The purpose of the Mesh Generation sub-step is to discretize the part into elements. The flow simulation software also has a computational domain, which will be examined in this section. The simulation software will only solve for parts within the computational domain, so it is important to include enough of the model to acquire good data without overloading the software. Calculation time will be reduced with a smaller computational domain and the domain will turn red if it s too small. Since this is an internal flow analysis, the computational domain just needs to be barely larger than the enclosed volume. The computational domain was set when the project was created and modified when the lids were added so no changes need to be made. The next step will create a finer initial mesh to produce more accurate results. Step 9: Setting the initial mesh o Right click on the Initial Mesh icon in the analysis tree o Adjust the dial to 4 as in Figure XX o Click OK to accept the changes

28 Figure XX: Adjusting the mesh 2. Solution Purpose: The Solution is the step where the computer solves the simulation problem and generates results for use in the Post-Processing step. Step 1: Running the simulation o At the top of the screen, click o Make sure New calculation is selected and the Take previous results box is not checked as in Figure 8 o Click Run o The solver window will pop-up and notify when the simulation is finished

29 Figure: Running a study from scratch 3. Post-Processing Purpose: The purpose of the Post-Processing step is to process the results of interest. For this problem, various plot tools will be utilized and the goals will be exported to a spreadsheet. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has multiple ways of creating charts and graphs; however this module will work from the analysis tree for consistency. Since this simulation is examining the internal flow of the model, the model needs to be more transparent to show the flow inside of the walls. Step 1: Changing the transparency of the model o Click on the Edit Appearance icon o If Cylinder.SLDPRT does not appear underneath Selected Geometry, expand the model tree and select it o Adjust the Transparency meter in the Optical Properties section to 0.50 as in Figure XX o Click to accept Figure XX: Changing the transparency of the model The first few steps will cover how to set up plot of the flow trajectories and how to modify the plot to obtain desired data. The flow trajectories plot traces the fluid flow through the computational domain and displays data such as velocity, temperature, pressure, etc., at each point.

30 Step1: Inserting flow trajectories o Right click on Flow Trajectories from the analysis tree o Select Insert o Underneath Starting Points, choose the Reference icon and click on the inner face of the inlet o Type 20 into Number of flow trajectories o Verify settings with Figure 10 and click Figure 10: Setting the flow trajectories The default parameter in most of the Flow Simulation plots is pressure, but a variety of other options can be displayed on the graph. For a thermal analysis, it is helpful to modify the flow trajectories to display the temperature at every point. Step 2: Modifying the plot to display temperature o Click on the parameter underneath the legend (Pressure [lbf/in^2]) and a drop down menu will open up o Select Temperature and click

31 Figure XX: Temperature plot of the flow trajectories Examine the flow trajectories plot and the temperature distribution. When done, right click on the plot and select Hide. The next plot to examine is a cut plot, which also displays outputs such as velocity and pressure but in a different form than the flow trajectories. The cut plot shows a cross section of the computational domain and plots the specified parameter at each point. This allows the user to see things like pressure, velocity, or temperature in areas that the flow trajectories do not cover. Step 2: Creating a cut plot o Right click on Cut Plots in the analysis tree o Select Insert o Use the Reference icon in the Selection box o Select the Front Plane from the design tree o Select Contours from the Display section o Verify with Figure 11 and click to create the plot

32 Figure XX: Creating a cut plot The figure below shows two different sections of the temperature distribution through the pipe. Notice how the temperature is not uniform in each vertical section of the pipe because of the flow pattern. The fluid closer to the outer surface has a higher temperature than the fluid in the middle of the pipe. How quickly the fluid heats up in the middle is dependent on the fluid s conductivity and other thermal parameters. Figure XX: Temperature distribution in the model The last part of the post-processing will be to calculate the goals from the pre-processing step. SolidWorks Flow Simulation will export the data to a spreadsheet and these numbers can be examined and some of them will be used to verify the simulation results.

33 Step 5: Outputting the goals of the simulation o Right click on Goals in the analysis tree o Select Insert o Click on Add All to select all the goals defined in the pre-processing steps o Click OK to output the goals to a spreadsheet Figure XX: Obtaining results from initial goals The table below shows the results of the simulation. These will be compared to the hand calculations in the next step. Cylinder.SLDPRT [Default (1)] Goal Name Unit Value Averaged Value Minimum Value Maximum Value Progress [%] GG Av Heat Flux 1 [W/m^2] SG Av Heat Flux 1 [W/m^2] GG Heat Transfer Rate 1 [W] SG Heat Transfer Rate 1 [W] Hand Calculations Heat transfer T lm can be found by The convection coefficient can be found by

34 From heat transfer equations, the heat transfer rate is equal to Cylinder.SLDPRT [Default (1)] Goal Name Unit Value Averaged Value Minimum Value Maximum Value Progress [%] GG Av Heat Flux 1 [W/m^2] SG Av Heat Flux 1 [W/m^2] GG Heat Transfer Rate 1 [W] SG Heat Transfer Rate 1 [W] SolidWorks Hand Calculations % Difference Heat Transfer Rate 48,395 43, The percent difference is almost 10 percent, which is slightly high for the software. The differences could be due to assumptions made in the calculations and simulation parameters. Constant fluid properties were assumed for the hand calculations where the software could have been using different values for specific heat as the temperature changed.

35 Attachment C3. SolidWorks-Specific FEM Tutorial 3 Overview: In this section, three tutorial problems will be solved using the commercial FEM software SolidWorks. Although the underlying principles and logical steps of an FEM simulation identified in the Conceptual Analysis section are independent of any particular FEM software, the realization of conceptual analysis steps will be software dependent. The SolidWorks-specific steps are described in this section. This is a step-by-step tutorial. However, it is designed such that those who are familiar with the details in a particular step can skip it and go directly into the next step. Tutorial Problem Launching SolidWorks SolidWorks Simulation is an integral part of the SolidWorks computer aided design software suite. The general user interface of SolidWorks is shown in Figure 1. Main menu Frequently used command icons Help icon Roll over to display File, Tools and other menus Figure 1: General user interface of SolidWorks. In order to perform flow analysis, it is necessary to enable the software add-in component, called SolidWorks Flow Simulation.

36 Step 1: Enabling SolidWorks Flow Simulation o Click Tools in the main menu and select Add-ins... The Add-ins dialog window appears, as shown in Figure 2. o Check the boxes in both the Active Add-ins and Start Up columns corresponding to SolidWorks Flow Simulation. o Checking the Active Add-ins box enables SolidWorks to activate the Flow Simulation package for the current session. Checking the Start Up box enables the Flow Simulation package for all future sessions whenever SolidWorks starts up. Figure 2: Location of the SolidWorks icon and the boxes to be checked for adding it to the panel. 1. Pre-Processing Purpose: The purpose of pre-processing is to create an FEM model for use in the next step of the simulation, Solution. It consists of the following sub-steps: Geometry creation Material property assignment Boundary condition specification Mesh generation.

37 1.1 Geometry Creation The purpose of Geometry Creation is to create a geometrical representation of the solid object or structure to be analyzed. In SolidWorks, such a geometric model is called a part. In this tutorial, the necessary part has already been created in SolidWorks. The following steps will open up the part for use in the flow analysis. Step 1: Opening the part for simulation. One of the following two options can be used. o Option1: Double click the following icon to open the embedded part file, Heat_Exchanger.SLDPRT, in SolidWorks Heat_Exchanger.SLD PRT Click SolidWorks part file icon to open it ==> o Option 2: Download the part file Cylinder.SLDPRT from the web site Use the File menu in SolidWorks to open the downloaded part. The SolidWorks model tree will appear with the given part name at the top. Above the model tree, there should be various tabs labeled Features, Sketch, etc. If the Flow Simulation tab is not visible, go back to steps 1 and 2 to enable the SolidWorks Flow Simulation package. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has two options to create a new project: using the configuration wizard and creating a new project with default settings. In this situation, the project configuration will be used to specify the initial conditions. The flow simulation wizard will set up the initial parameters for the project. In this case, an internal flow analysis project with water as the default fluid and stainless steel as the project solid material. Step 2: Using the flow simulation wizard to configure a new project o Click the tab above the model tree o Click the icon to create a new flow simulation study o In the first step of the wizard, select Create new and type Flow through heat exchanger next to Configuration name and click Next > o Select SI (m-kg-s) in the box underneath Unit System to set the default units to English units o The temperature is given in units of Celsius in the problem statement, so click on the drop-down menu and select Celsius as in Figure 3 and click Next > o Leave Analysis type as Internal and check the box labeled Heat conduction in solids then click Next > o Underneath Fluids, expand the Liquids section, highlight Water and click Add as in Figure 4 and click Next>

38 o Expand the Alloys section and select Steel Stainless 321 as the default solid and click Next> o Leave the Default wall thermal condition as Adiabatic wall o Use the default initial conditions o Click Next > and then Finish to complete the set-up

39 1.3 Material Property Assignment The material properties were already defined in the previous step through the project set-up wizard. There are no more actions needed for this step. 1.3 Boundary Condition Specification Purpose: The purpose of this section is apply the correct boundary conditions and set goals for the simulation software. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has many ways to apply boundary conditions to a model. Many of the icons that will be used in this module are under the Flow Simulation tab in the command manager and can also be found by clicking on the Flow Simulation analysis tree. The analysis tree makes the flow simulation studies more manageable because it shows the various inputs and results that can be applied. Figure 6 shows the flow simulation analysis tree with the inputs and results tabs. Click on the Flow Simulation analysis tree to start applying boundary conditions.

40 Figure 6: The flow simulation analysis tree For the software to conduct an internal flow analysis, the model must be a completely enclosed volume. In this case there are four openings at the inlet and outlet of the model that need to be sealed before the software can run. To enclose the model, SolidWorks Flow Simulation has a tool called a lid. Step 1: Placing lids on the model openings Click on the Create Lids icon Select the four faces shown in Figure XX Click to create the lids Figure XX: The four openings to enclose with lids The software may ask to reset the computational domain because of the model additions. Click Yes for any pop-ups that occur after the last step. The next step is to specify the rest of the initial boundary conditions that were not set in the project wizard. Boundary conditions in SolidWorks Flow Simulation must be placed between the solid and fluid boundary so the inner faces of the lids must be selected. The inlet boundary condition for the shell of the heat exchanger is a mass flow rate of 0.5 kg/s and a temperature of 150 C. The outlet has an environmental pressure condition and a temperature of 140 C.

41 Step 2: Setting the inlet boundary condition of the shell o Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree o Click Insert Boundary Condition o Right click on the outer face of the lid and click Select Other o Select the inner face of the lid o Type 0.5 kg/s next to Mass flow rate o Expand Thermodynamic Parameters and type 150 C o Verify settings with Figure XX and click Figure XX: Creating the inlet boundary conditions for the shell Step 3: Setting the outlet boundary conditions of the shell o Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree o Click Insert Boundary Condition o Right click on the outer face of the outlet lid and click Select Other o Select the inner face of the lid o Click on the Pressure openings icon underneath Type o Select Environmental Pressure o Under Thermodynamic Parameters type 140 C o Verify settings with Figure XX and click

42 Figure XX: Creating the outlet boundary condition for the shell The next two steps will set the boundary conditions for the tube portion of the heat exchanger. The tube has an inlet temperature of 10 C, a mass flow rate of 0.2 kg/s, and an outlet temperature of 25 C. Step 2: Setting the inlet boundary condition of the tube o Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree o Click Insert Boundary Condition o Right click on the outer face of the lid and click Select Other o Select the inner face of the lid o Type 0.2 kg/s next to Mass flow rate o Expand Thermodynamic Parameters and type 10 C o Verify settings with Figure XX and click

43 Figure XX: Inlet boundary conditions for the tube Step 3: Setting the outlet boundary conditions of the shell o Right click on Boundary Conditions in the flow analysis tree o Click Insert Boundary Condition o Right click on the outer face of the outlet lid and click Select Other o Select the inner face of the lid o Click on the Pressure openings icon underneath Type o Select Environmental Pressure o Under Thermodynamic Parameters type 25 C o Verify settings with Figure XX and click

44 Figure XX: Appling the outlet pressure condition to the tube The next step will set goals for the simulation before it runs, which allows the user to select the exact goals they are interested in and decreases the calculation time for the software. Flow Simulation can be used to find goals such as velocity, mass flow, etc. at a point, surface, volume, or globally. The main goals of interest for this case are the heat transfer rate and heat flux between the shell and tube. Surface goals will be placed on the surface between the two sections. Since this face is not visible in the model, the Select Other feature will have to be used to select the correct face. Step 1: Setting goals for the software o Right click on Goals in the analysis tree o Select Insert Surface Goals o Right click the outer surface of the shell and click Select Other o Scroll through the options until the surface between the shell and tube is highlighted on the model and select the face o Insert the following goals as in Figure XX: Average Heat flux, Heat Transfer Rate, Average Temperature of Solid o Click to apply the goals

45 1.4 Mesh Generation Figure XX: Setting goals for the simulation and selecting the inner face Purpose: The purpose of the Mesh Generation sub-step is to discretize the part into elements. The flow simulation software also has a computational domain, which will be examined in this section. The simulation software will only solve for parts within the computational domain, so it is important to include enough of the model to acquire good data without overloading the software. Calculation time will be reduced with a smaller computational domain and the domain will turn red if it s too small. Since this is an internal flow analysis, the computational domain just needs to be barely larger than the enclosed volume. The computational domain was set when the project was created and modified when the lids were added so no changes need to be made. The initial mesh parameters will also suffice for this simulation so there are no steps in this section. 2. Solution Purpose: The Solution is the step where the computer solves the simulation problem and generates results for use in the Post-Processing step. This may take several minutes depending on processing speed. Step 1: Running the simulation o At the top of the screen, click o Make sure New calculation is selected and the Take previous results box is not checked as in Figure 8 o Click Run o The solver window will pop-up and notify when the simulation is finished

46 Figure: Running a study from scratch 3. Post-Processing Purpose: The purpose of the Post-Processing step is to process the results of interest. For this problem, various plot tools will be utilized and the goals will be exported to a spreadsheet. SolidWorks Flow Simulation has multiple ways of creating charts and graphs; however this module will work from the analysis tree for consistency. Since this simulation is examining the internal flow of the model, the model needs to be more transparent to show the flow inside of the walls. Step 1: Changing the transparency of the model o Click on the Edit Appearance icon o If Heat_Exchanger.SLDPRT does not appear underneath Selected Geometry, expand the model tree and select it o Adjust the Transparency meter in the Optical Properties section to 0.50 as in Figure XX o Click to accept

47 Figure XX: Changing the transparency of the model The first few steps will cover how to set up plot of the flow trajectories and how to modify the plot to obtain desired data. The flow trajectories plot traces the fluid flow through the computational domain and displays data such as velocity, temperature, pressure, etc., at each point. This model has two separate flow paths; through the shell and through the tube. The simulation software can insert the flow trajectories at separate inlets and trace the flow through both the shell and the tube. Step1: Inserting flow trajectories o Right click on Flow Trajectories from the analysis tree o Select Insert

48 o Underneath Starting Points, choose the Reference icon and click on the inner faces of both the tube inlet and shell inlet o Type 20 into Number of flow trajectories o Use the drop down menu underneath options to draw the flow trajectories as Lines with Arrows o Verify settings with Figure 10 and click Figure 10: Setting the flow trajectories The default parameter in most of the Flow Simulation plots is pressure, but a variety of other options can be displayed on the graph. For a thermal analysis, it is helpful to modify the flow trajectories to display the temperature at every point. Due to the significant differences in temperature from the hot and cold side of the heat exchanger, it is helpful to also change the legend to show temperature change in the tube. Step 2: Modifying the plot to display temperature o Click on the parameter underneath the legend (Pressure [lbf/in^2]) and a drop down menu will open up o Select Temperature and click o Double click on the legend o Change the settings as in Figure XX o Click OK

49 Figure XX: Temperature plot of the flow trajectories Examine the flow trajectories plot and the temperature distribution, which should resemble the figure below. When done, right click on the plot and select Hide. The next plot to examine is a cut plot, which also displays outputs such as velocity and pressure but in a different form than the flow trajectories. The cut plot shows a cross section of the computational domain and plots the specified parameter at each point. This allows the user to see things like pressure, velocity, or temperature in areas that the flow trajectories do not cover. Step 2: Creating a cut plot o Right click on Cut Plots in the analysis tree o Select Insert o Use the Reference icon in the Selection box o Select the Front Plane from the design tree

50 o Select Contours from the Display section o Verify with Figure 11 and click to create the plot Figure XX: Creating a cut plot The figure below shows the temperature distribution around the outlet of the tube. The temperature is slow to develop in the very center of the tube and the thermal layers can be seen changing in the figure. Figure XX: Temperature distribution in the model

51 Another tool that can be useful is an XY Plot, which will be used to output the temperature along the center of the model. Step 7: Creating an XY Plot of temperature o Right click on XY Plot in the flow analysis tree o Select Insert o Check the box next to Temperature o Expand the model tree and select the sketch in the center of the tube o Verify with Figure XX and click Figure XX: Creating an XY temperature plot The simulation software will output the data to a spreadsheet and graph it. The figure below shows the temperature as a function of distance. The graph shows a slow temperature variation at the beginning of the model when the colder fluid starts to react to the heat from the shell. The variation is relatively small (less than one degree) through the model because the fluid in the center is slow to react to outside sources. The cut plot created earlier shows the coldest section in the center and these two tools can be used together to gain a better understanding of the model.

52 Figure XX: Temperature variation along the x-axis The last part of the post-processing will be to calculate the goals from the pre-processing step. SolidWorks Flow Simulation will export the data to a spreadsheet and these numbers can be examined and some of them will be used to verify the simulation results. Step 5: Outputting the goals of the simulation o Right click on Goals in the analysis tree o Select Insert o Click on Add All to select all the goals defined in the pre-processing steps o Click OK to output the goals to a spreadsheet

53 Figure XX: Obtaining results from initial goals The table below shows the results of the simulation. These will be compared to the hand calculations in the next step. Heat_Exchanger.SLDPRT [Flow through heat exchanger Goal Name Unit Value Averaged Value Minimum Value Maximum Value Progress [%] SG Av Heat Flux 1 [W/m^2] SG Heat Transfer Rate 1 [W] Hand Calculations

Learning Module 3 Fluid Analysis

Learning Module 3 Fluid Analysis Learning Module 3 Fluid Analysis Title Page Guide What is a Learning Module? A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and self-sufficient learning resource. An LM provides the learner with the

More information

Finding Drag Coefficient using Solidworks Flow Simulation

Finding Drag Coefficient using Solidworks Flow Simulation Finding Drag Coefficient using Solidworks Flow Simulation Using solidworks to find the drag coefficient of shapes is a very useful way to cut down on the design time of a project, as it can remove tests.

More information

Learning Module 6 Linear Dynamic Analysis

Learning Module 6 Linear Dynamic Analysis Learning Module 6 Linear Dynamic Analysis What is a Learning Module? Title Page Guide A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and self-sufficient learning resource. An LM provides the learner

More information

Steady Flow: Laminar and Turbulent in an S-Bend

Steady Flow: Laminar and Turbulent in an S-Bend STAR-CCM+ User Guide 6663 Steady Flow: Laminar and Turbulent in an S-Bend This tutorial demonstrates the flow of an incompressible gas through an s-bend of constant diameter (2 cm), for both laminar and

More information

Contents. First Steps - Ball Valve Design

Contents. First Steps - Ball Valve Design Sol i dwor ksfl ow Si mul at i on 2009 Tut or i al Contents First Steps - Ball Valve Design Open the SolidWorks Model........................................... 1-1 Create a Flow Simulation Project.......................................

More information

Learning Module 5 Buckling Analysis

Learning Module 5 Buckling Analysis Learning Module 5 Buckling Analysis Title Page Guide What is a Learning Module? A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and self-sufficient learning resource. An LM provides the learner with the

More information

This tutorial provides a recipe for simulating L

This tutorial provides a recipe for simulating L Pipe Flow Tutorial for STAR-CCM+ ME 448/548 February 5, 2014 Gerald Recktenwald gerry@me.pdx.edu 1 Overview This tutorial provides a recipe for simulating laminar flow in a pipe with STAR- L CCM+. The

More information

Essay 5 Tutorial for a Three-Dimensional Heat Conduction Problem Using ANSYS Workbench

Essay 5 Tutorial for a Three-Dimensional Heat Conduction Problem Using ANSYS Workbench Essay 5 Tutorial for a Three-Dimensional Heat Conduction Problem Using ANSYS Workbench 5.1 Introduction The problem selected to illustrate the use of ANSYS software for a three-dimensional steadystate

More information

MATERIAL NONLINEAR ANALYSIS. using SolidWorks 2010 Simulation

MATERIAL NONLINEAR ANALYSIS. using SolidWorks 2010 Simulation MATERIAL NONLINEAR ANALYSIS using SolidWorks 2010 Simulation LM-ST-1 Learning Module Non-Linear Analysis What is a Learning Module? Title Page Guide A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and

More information

GAMBIT Demo Tutorial

GAMBIT Demo Tutorial GAMBIT Demo Tutorial Wake of a Cylinder. 1.1 Problem Description The problem to be considered is schematically in fig. 1. We consider flow across a cylinder and look at the wake behind the cylinder. Air

More information

Trace Layer Import for Printed Circuit Boards Under Icepak

Trace Layer Import for Printed Circuit Boards Under Icepak Tutorial 13. Trace Layer Import for Printed Circuit Boards Under Icepak Introduction: A printed circuit board (PCB) is generally a multi-layered board made of dielectric material and several layers of

More information

Introduction to COMSOL. The Navier-Stokes Equations

Introduction to COMSOL. The Navier-Stokes Equations Flow Between Parallel Plates Modified from the COMSOL ChE Library module rev 10/13/08 Modified by Robert P. Hesketh, Chemical Engineering, Rowan University Fall 2008 Introduction to COMSOL The following

More information

Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 4.0 Basic Design

Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 4.0 Basic Design Introduction Datum features are non-solid features used during the construction of other features. The most common datum features include planes, axes, coordinate systems, and curves. Datum features do

More information

Tutorial 1. Introduction to Using ANSYS FLUENT in ANSYS Workbench: Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in a Mixing Elbow

Tutorial 1. Introduction to Using ANSYS FLUENT in ANSYS Workbench: Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in a Mixing Elbow Tutorial 1. Introduction to Using ANSYS FLUENT in ANSYS Workbench: Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in a Mixing Elbow Introduction This tutorial illustrates using ANSYS Workbench to set up and solve a three-dimensional

More information

Laminar Flow in a Baffled Stirred Mixer

Laminar Flow in a Baffled Stirred Mixer Laminar Flow in a Baffled Stirred Mixer Introduction This exercise exemplifies the use of the rotating machinery feature in the CFD Module. The Rotating Machinery interface allows you to model moving rotating

More information

Atomic Force Microscope and Magnetic Force Microscope Background Information

Atomic Force Microscope and Magnetic Force Microscope Background Information Atomic Force Microscope and Magnetic Force Microscope Background Information Lego Building Instructions There are several places to find the building instructions for building the Lego models of atomic

More information

ANSYS Example: Transient Thermal Analysis of a Pipe Support Bracket

ANSYS Example: Transient Thermal Analysis of a Pipe Support Bracket ME 477 Transient Thermal Example 1 ANSYS Example: Transient Thermal Analysis of a Pipe Support Bracket The section of pipe shown below is a representative section of a longer pipe carrying a hot fluid

More information

. Address the following issues in your solution:

. Address the following issues in your solution: CM 3110 COMSOL INSTRUCTIONS Faith Morrison and Maria Tafur Department of Chemical Engineering Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI USA 22 November 2012 Zhichao Wang edits 21 November 2013 revised

More information

Heat Transfer by Free Convection

Heat Transfer by Free Convection Heat Transfer by Free Convection Introduction This example describes a fluid flow problem with heat transfer in the fluid. An array of heating tubes is submerged in a vessel with fluid flow entering at

More information

Introduction to SolidWorks Software

Introduction to SolidWorks Software Introduction to SolidWorks Software Marine Advanced Technology Education Design Tools What is SolidWorks? SolidWorks is design automation software. In SolidWorks, you sketch ideas and experiment with different

More information

CHEG 3128 Heat, Mass, & Kinetics Laboratory Diffusion in Laminar Flow Regimes Modeling and COMSOL Tutorial Tutorial by Andrea Kadilak

CHEG 3128 Heat, Mass, & Kinetics Laboratory Diffusion in Laminar Flow Regimes Modeling and COMSOL Tutorial Tutorial by Andrea Kadilak CHEG 3128 Heat, Mass, & Kinetics Laboratory Diffusion in Laminar Flow Regimes Modeling and COMSOL Tutorial Tutorial by Andrea Kadilak Introduction COMSOL is a computer modeling software package that will

More information

Scientific Graphing in Excel 2010

Scientific Graphing in Excel 2010 Scientific Graphing in Excel 2010 When you start Excel, you will see the screen below. Various parts of the display are labelled in red, with arrows, to define the terms used in the remainder of this overview.

More information

Introduction to ANSYS

Introduction to ANSYS Lecture 3 Introduction to ANSYS Meshing 14. 5 Release Introduction to ANSYS Meshing 2012 ANSYS, Inc. March 27, 2014 1 Release 14.5 Introduction to ANSYS Meshing What you will learn from this presentation

More information

Tutorial: 2D Pipe Junction Using Hexa Meshing

Tutorial: 2D Pipe Junction Using Hexa Meshing Tutorial: 2D Pipe Junction Using Hexa Meshing Introduction In this tutorial, you will generate a mesh for a two-dimensional pipe junction, composed of two inlets and one outlet. After generating an initial

More information

Microsoft Excel Tutorial

Microsoft Excel Tutorial Microsoft Excel Tutorial by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 Nielsen Physics Building The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1200 Copyright August, 2000 by James

More information

ANSYS CFD-Post Standalone: Tutorials

ANSYS CFD-Post Standalone: Tutorials ANSYS CFD-Post Standalone: Tutorials ANSYS, Inc. Release 12.1 Southpointe November 2009 275 Technology Drive ANSYS, Inc. is Canonsburg, PA 15317 certified to ISO ansysinfo@ansys.com 9001:2008. http://www.ansys.com

More information

6. SEDAN GEOMETRY TOLERANT IMPORT

6. SEDAN GEOMETRY TOLERANT IMPORT 6. SEDAN GEOMETRY TOLERANT IMPORT In this tutorial you will import an IGES file containing the geometry for a sedan automobile, clean up the geometry, and mesh it with triangles and tetrahedra. In this

More information

Tutorial for laboratory project #2 Using ANSYS Workbench. For Double Pipe Heat Exchanger

Tutorial for laboratory project #2 Using ANSYS Workbench. For Double Pipe Heat Exchanger Tutorial for laboratory project #2 Using ANSYS Workbench For Double Pipe Heat Exchanger 1. Preparing ANSYS Workbench Go to Start Menu/All Programs/Simulation/ANSYS 12.1/Workbench. In the toolbox menu in

More information

RiverFlow2D Two-Dimensional River Dynamics Model

RiverFlow2D Two-Dimensional River Dynamics Model RiverFlow2D Two-Dimensional River Dynamics Model FMA WORKSHOP TUTORIALS September 2015 Hydronia LLC RiverFlow2D c model and documentation produced by Hydronia, LLC, Pembroke Pines, FL. USA. Information

More information

Getting Started with ANSYS ANSYS Workbench Environment

Getting Started with ANSYS ANSYS Workbench Environment Getting Started with ANSYS ANSYS Workbench Environment Overview The purpose of this tutorial is to get you started with the ANSYS Workbench environment. We will use a simple, static analysis of a single

More information

Embankment Consolidation

Embankment Consolidation Embankment Consolidation 36-1 Embankment Consolidation In this tutorial, RS2 is used for a coupled analysis of a road embankment subject to loading from typical daily traffic. Model Start the RS2 9.0 Model

More information

version 3.0 tutorial - Turbulent mixing in a T-junction with CFDSTUDY in SALOME contact: saturne-support@edf.fr

version 3.0 tutorial - Turbulent mixing in a T-junction with CFDSTUDY in SALOME contact: saturne-support@edf.fr EDF R&D Fluid Dynamics, Power Generation and Environment Department Single Phase Thermal-Hydraulics Group 6, quai Watier F-78401 Chatou Cedex Tel: 33 1 30 87 75 40 Fax: 33 1 30 87 79 16 MAY 2013 documentation

More information

ANSYS CFD-Post Tutorials

ANSYS CFD-Post Tutorials ANSYS CFD-Post Tutorials ANSYS, Inc. Southpointe 275 Technology Drive Canonsburg, PA 15317 ansysinfo@ansys.com http://www.ansys.com (T) 724-746-3304 (F) 724-514-9494 Release 15.0 November 2013 ANSYS, Inc.

More information

Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2012 SolidWorks Simulation Tutorial Page 1

Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2012 SolidWorks Simulation Tutorial Page 1 Introduction to Solid Modeling Using SolidWorks 2012 SolidWorks Simulation Tutorial Page 1 In this tutorial, we will use the SolidWorks Simulation finite element analysis (FEA) program to analyze the response

More information

Learning Module 1 Static Structural Analysis

Learning Module 1 Static Structural Analysis LM-ST-1 Learning Module 1 Static Structural Analysis What is a Learning Module? Title Page Guide A Learning Module (LM) is a structured, concise, and self-sufficient learning resource. An LM provides the

More information

Set up and solve a transient problem using the pressure-based solver and VOF model.

Set up and solve a transient problem using the pressure-based solver and VOF model. Tutorial 18. Using the VOF Model This tutorial was run using ANSYS FLUENT 12.1. The results have been updated to reflect the change in the default setting of node-based smoothing for the surface tension

More information

Review: Convection and Heat Exchangers. Reminders

Review: Convection and Heat Exchangers. Reminders CH EN 3453 Heat Transfer Review: Convection and Heat Exchangers Chapters 6, 7, 8, 9 and 11 Reminders Midterm #2 Wednesday at 8:15 AM Review tomorrow 3:30 PM in WEB L104 (I think) Project Results and Discussion

More information

A Guide to the free mesh program Discretizer with OpenFOAM for CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics)

A Guide to the free mesh program Discretizer with OpenFOAM for CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) Discretizer Manual Release date 09/01/10 Side 1 of 13 A Guide to the free mesh program Discretizer with OpenFOAM for CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) Homepage: http://www.discretizer.org/ Creator of

More information

Customer Training Material. ANSYS Mechanical Basics. Mechanical. ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS2.

Customer Training Material. ANSYS Mechanical Basics. Mechanical. ANSYS, Inc. Proprietary 2010 ANSYS, Inc. All rights reserved. WS2. Workshop 2.1 ANSYS Mechanical Basics Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical WS2.1-1 Notes on Workshop 2.1 The first workshop is extensively documented. As this course progresses, students will become more familiar

More information

Graphing in excel on the Mac

Graphing in excel on the Mac Graphing in excel on the Mac Quick Reference for people who just need a reminder The easiest thing is to have a single series, with y data in the column to the left of the x- data. Select the data and

More information

Histogram Tutorial for Excel 2007

Histogram Tutorial for Excel 2007 Histogram Tutorial for Excel 2007 What is a Histogram? Installing the Analysis Toolpak for Excel Creating a histogram using the Histogram Tool Alternate method for creating a histogram What is a Histogram?

More information

An Introduction to Graphing in Excel

An Introduction to Graphing in Excel An Introduction to Graphing in Excel This example uses Excel to graph Y vs X. This problem starts as follows: 1.Complete the following table and on graph paper, graph the line for the equation x 2y = Identify

More information

Microsoft Excel Basics

Microsoft Excel Basics COMMUNITY TECHNICAL SUPPORT Microsoft Excel Basics Introduction to Excel Click on the program icon in Launcher or the Microsoft Office Shortcut Bar. A worksheet is a grid, made up of columns, which are

More information

Producing a Gantt Chart Using Microsoft Excel s Bar Graph Functionality

Producing a Gantt Chart Using Microsoft Excel s Bar Graph Functionality Producing a Gantt Chart Using Microsoft Excel s Bar Graph Functionality Introduction Gantt Charts are used in a variety of settings, especially when complex projects are implemented. Gantt Charts give

More information

Getting Started with Visual Basic in Excel

Getting Started with Visual Basic in Excel Prepared by: Rany Polany (2012) & Daniel Core (2009) UCSC, Baskin School of Engineering Table of Contents Visual Basic Related Questions... 1 1 Where can I find useful Visual Basic tutorials?... 1 2 How

More information

Navier-Stokes Equation Solved in Comsol 4.1. Copyright Bruce A. Finlayson, 2010 See also Introduction to Chemical Engineering Computing, Wiley (2006).

Navier-Stokes Equation Solved in Comsol 4.1. Copyright Bruce A. Finlayson, 2010 See also Introduction to Chemical Engineering Computing, Wiley (2006). Introduction to Chemical Engineering Computing Copyright, Bruce A. Finlayson, 2004 1 Navier-Stokes Equation Solved in Comsol 4.1. Copyright Bruce A. Finlayson, 2010 See also Introduction to Chemical Engineering

More information

Entrance Conditions. Chapter 8. Islamic Azad University

Entrance Conditions. Chapter 8. Islamic Azad University Chapter 8 Convection: Internal Flow Islamic Azad University Karaj Branch Entrance Conditions Must distinguish between entrance and fully developed regions. Hydrodynamic Effects: Assume laminar flow with

More information

Chapter 4 Creating Charts and Graphs

Chapter 4 Creating Charts and Graphs Calc Guide Chapter 4 OpenOffice.org Copyright This document is Copyright 2006 by its contributors as listed in the section titled Authors. You can distribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either

More information

Multiphase Flow - Appendices

Multiphase Flow - Appendices Discovery Laboratory Multiphase Flow - Appendices 1. Creating a Mesh 1.1. What is a geometry? The geometry used in a CFD simulation defines the problem domain and boundaries; it is the area (2D) or volume

More information

TWO-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF FORCED CONVECTION FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN A LAMINAR CHANNEL FLOW

TWO-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF FORCED CONVECTION FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN A LAMINAR CHANNEL FLOW TWO-DIMENSIONAL FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF FORCED CONVECTION FLOW AND HEAT TRANSFER IN A LAMINAR CHANNEL FLOW Rajesh Khatri 1, 1 M.Tech Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, S.A.T.I., vidisha

More information

2. A tutorial: Creating and analyzing a simple model

2. A tutorial: Creating and analyzing a simple model 2. A tutorial: Creating and analyzing a simple model The following section leads you through the ABAQUS/CAE modeling process by visiting each of the modules and showing you the basic steps to create and

More information

ANSYS ICEM CFD - pre-processing program used to generate the geometry and mesh for our CFD simulations.

ANSYS ICEM CFD - pre-processing program used to generate the geometry and mesh for our CFD simulations. Lab 6: Laminar Pipe Flow with Convection Objective: The objective of this laboratory is to introduce you to ANSYS ICEM CFD and ANSYS FLUENT by using them to solve for velocity and temperature profiles

More information

Making Visio Diagrams Come Alive with Data

Making Visio Diagrams Come Alive with Data Making Visio Diagrams Come Alive with Data An Information Commons Workshop Making Visio Diagrams Come Alive with Data Page Workshop Why Add Data to A Diagram? Here are comparisons of a flow chart with

More information

Number of Edges on Excavated Boundaries : What does it mean?

Number of Edges on Excavated Boundaries : What does it mean? As with all of Rocscience software, RS 3 is developed to be an easy-to-use, quick-to-learn 3D FEM software that takes care of tedious modeling tasks so the user may concentrate on simulating the geomechanical

More information

DataPA OpenAnalytics End User Training

DataPA OpenAnalytics End User Training DataPA OpenAnalytics End User Training DataPA End User Training Lesson 1 Course Overview DataPA Chapter 1 Course Overview Introduction This course covers the skills required to use DataPA OpenAnalytics

More information

Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 2.0 With Integrated Pro/MECHANICA

Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 2.0 With Integrated Pro/MECHANICA MAE 244 : Dynamics and Strength Laboratory Fall 2005 Tutorial Material for Pro/ENGINEER Wildfire 2.0 With Integrated Pro/MECHANICA Tutorial 2: Modeling Cantilever Beam and Performing Finite Element Analysis

More information

Mail Merge Creating Mailing Labels 3/23/2011

Mail Merge Creating Mailing Labels 3/23/2011 Creating Mailing Labels in Microsoft Word Address data in a Microsoft Excel file can be turned into mailing labels in Microsoft Word through a mail merge process. First, obtain or create an Excel spreadsheet

More information

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) Tutorial. Project 2: 2D Plate with a Hole Problem

Finite Element Analysis (FEA) Tutorial. Project 2: 2D Plate with a Hole Problem Finite Element Analysis (FEA) Tutorial Project 2: 2D Plate with a Hole Problem Problem Analyze the following plate with hole using FEA tool ABAQUS P w d P Dimensions: t = 3 mm w = 50 mm d = mm L = 0 mm

More information

How to share media files through Windows Media Player 11

How to share media files through Windows Media Player 11 How to share media files through Windows Media Player 11 With Windows Media Player 11 (WMP 11), you can setup an UPnP AV server to offer your media files to an UPnP AV client, such as the Conceptronic

More information

ABAQUS Tutorial. 3D Modeling

ABAQUS Tutorial. 3D Modeling Spring 2011 01/21/11 ABAQUS Tutorial 3D Modeling This exercise intends to demonstrate the steps you would follow in creating and analyzing a simple solid model using ABAQUS CAE. Introduction A solid undergoes

More information

Linear Static Analysis of a Cantilever Beam Using Beam Library (SI Units)

Linear Static Analysis of a Cantilever Beam Using Beam Library (SI Units) APPENDIX A Linear Static Analysis of a Cantilever Beam Using Beam Library (SI Units) Objectives: Create a geometric representation of a cantilever beam. Use the geometry model to define an MSC.Nastran

More information

Piston Ring. Problem:

Piston Ring. Problem: Problem: A cast-iron piston ring has a mean diameter of 81 mm, a radial height of h 6 mm, and a thickness b 4 mm. The ring is assembled using an expansion tool which separates the split ends a distance

More information

QUICK START GUIDE Wireless Network Checker

QUICK START GUIDE Wireless Network Checker PROCESS AUTOMATION QUICK START GUIDE Wireless Network Checker WiNC With regard to the supply of products, the current issue of the following document is applicable: The General Terms of Delivery for Products

More information

AB3080 L. Learning Objectives: About the Speaker:

AB3080 L. Learning Objectives: About the Speaker: AB3080 L While architects have tested their designs in wind tunnels for many years, the process is typically outsourced to engineering firms and not easily accessible to architects during the conceptual

More information

Turbulent Flow Through a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger

Turbulent Flow Through a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Turbulent Flow Through a Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchanger Introduction This model describes a part of a shell-and-tube heat exchanger (see Figure 1), where hot water enters from above. The cooling medium,

More information

Universal Simple Control, USC-1

Universal Simple Control, USC-1 Universal Simple Control, USC-1 Data and Event Logging with the USB Flash Drive DATA-PAK The USC-1 universal simple voltage regulator control uses a flash drive to store data. Then a propriety Data and

More information

Examples for Heat Exchanger Design

Examples for Heat Exchanger Design for Heat Exchanger Design Lauterbach Verfahrenstechnik GmbH 1 / 2011 Contents Calculation 1 1. Water- Water Heat Exchanger 1 Basics...1 Task...1 1. Start the WTS program...1 2. Selection of basic data...1

More information

Comparison of Heat Transfer between a Helical and Straight Tube Heat Exchanger

Comparison of Heat Transfer between a Helical and Straight Tube Heat Exchanger International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology. ISSN 0974-3154 Volume 6, Number 1 (2013), pp. 33-40 International Research Publication House http://www.irphouse.com Comparison of Heat Transfer

More information

Keep It Inside AutoCAD : Data Extraction Direct to AutoCAD Tables

Keep It Inside AutoCAD : Data Extraction Direct to AutoCAD Tables Keep It Inside AutoCAD : Data Extraction Direct to AutoCAD Tables D a v i d C o h n G D 4 0 1-1 P D o y o u n e e d t o c r e a t e r o o m f i n i s h s c h e d u l e s, p a r t s l i s t s, a n d b i

More information

5. Tutorial. Starting FlashCut CNC

5. Tutorial. Starting FlashCut CNC FlashCut CNC Section 5 Tutorial 259 5. Tutorial Starting FlashCut CNC To start FlashCut CNC, click on the Start button, select Programs, select FlashCut CNC 4, then select the FlashCut CNC 4 icon. A dialog

More information

GMS 7.0 TUTORIALS. MODFLOW - Conceptual Model Approach- Simple Example. 1. Introduction

GMS 7.0 TUTORIALS. MODFLOW - Conceptual Model Approach- Simple Example. 1. Introduction GMS 7.0 TUTORIALS MODFLOW - Conceptual Model Approach- Simple Example 1. Introduction Two approaches can be used to construct a MODFLOW simulation in GMS: the grid approach or the conceptual model approach.

More information

Applying a circular load. Immediate and consolidation settlement. Deformed contours. Query points and query lines. Graph query.

Applying a circular load. Immediate and consolidation settlement. Deformed contours. Query points and query lines. Graph query. Quick Start Tutorial 1-1 Quick Start Tutorial This quick start tutorial will cover some of the basic features of Settle3D. A circular load is applied to a single soil layer and settlements are examined.

More information

Tutorial for Assignment #3 Heat Transfer Analysis By ANSYS (Mechanical APDL) V.13.0

Tutorial for Assignment #3 Heat Transfer Analysis By ANSYS (Mechanical APDL) V.13.0 Tutorial for Assignment #3 Heat Transfer Analysis By ANSYS (Mechanical APDL) V.13.0 1 Problem Description This exercise consists of an analysis of an electronics component cooling design using fins: All

More information

1. Start the NX CAD software. From the start menu, select Start All Programs UGS NX 8.0 NX 8.0 or double click the icon on the desktop.

1. Start the NX CAD software. From the start menu, select Start All Programs UGS NX 8.0 NX 8.0 or double click the icon on the desktop. Lab Objectives Become familiar with Siemens NX finite element analysis using the NX Nastran solver. Perform deflection and stress analyses of planar truss structures. Use modeling and FEA tools to input

More information

CADSIM Plus Tutorial. Learning Objectives & Outcomes. CADSIM Plus - Getting Started. Requirements. Learning objectives.

CADSIM Plus Tutorial. Learning Objectives & Outcomes. CADSIM Plus - Getting Started. Requirements. Learning objectives. CADSIM Plus Tutorial Learning Objectives & Outcomes This tutorial will teach you all of the basic steps that you need to know to create your first simulation model using CADSIM Plus simulation software.

More information

Oasis montaj Map Editing and CAD Tools

Oasis montaj Map Editing and CAD Tools Oasis montaj Map Editing and CAD Tools This How-To Guide introduces you to the basic map editing and CAD functions in Oasis montaj. The procedures are designed to show you how you can use these tools to

More information

How to create graphs with a best fit line in Excel

How to create graphs with a best fit line in Excel How to create graphs with a best fit line in Excel In this manual, we will use two examples: y = x, a linear graph; and y = x 2, a non-linear graph. The y-values were specifically chosen to be inexact

More information

Quick Start Guide to elc

Quick Start Guide to elc Quick Start Guide to elc This guide is intended to help new users get started in elc. It contains an introduction to the interface, a first steps worksheet, glossary of key terms, and a series of task-oriented

More information

Start the program from the Desktop Icon or from Start, Programs Menu.

Start the program from the Desktop Icon or from Start, Programs Menu. 5. SHELL MODEL Start Start the program from the Desktop Icon or from Start, Programs Menu. New Create a new model with the New Icon. In the dialogue window that pops up, replace the Model Filename with

More information

CFD SIMULATION OF SDHW STORAGE TANK WITH AND WITHOUT HEATER

CFD SIMULATION OF SDHW STORAGE TANK WITH AND WITHOUT HEATER International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, Volume 1, Issue2, July-2012 1 CFD SIMULATION OF SDHW STORAGE TANK WITH AND WITHOUT HEATER ABSTRACT (1) Mr. Mainak Bhaumik M.E. (Thermal Engg.)

More information

Module 2 : Convection. Lecture 20a : Illustrative examples

Module 2 : Convection. Lecture 20a : Illustrative examples Module 2 : Convection Lecture 20a : Illustrative examples Objectives In this class: Examples will be taken where the concepts discussed for heat transfer for tubular geometries in earlier classes will

More information

Excel 2007 Basic knowledge

Excel 2007 Basic knowledge Ribbon menu The Ribbon menu system with tabs for various Excel commands. This Ribbon system replaces the traditional menus used with Excel 2003. Above the Ribbon in the upper-left corner is the Microsoft

More information

Projectile Motion. Equations of Motion for Constant Acceleration

Projectile Motion. Equations of Motion for Constant Acceleration Projectile Motion Projectile motion is a special case of two-dimensional motion. A particle moving in a vertical plane with an initial velocity and experiencing a free-fall (downward) acceleration, displays

More information

Exercise 1: Three Point Bending Using ANSYS Workbench

Exercise 1: Three Point Bending Using ANSYS Workbench Exercise 1: Three Point Bending Using ANSYS Workbench Contents Goals... 1 Beam under 3-Pt Bending... 2 Taking advantage of symmetries... 3 Starting and Configuring ANSYS Workbench... 4 A. Pre-Processing:

More information

DMU Space Analysis. Preface What's New Getting Started Basic Tasks Workbench Description Customizing Glossary Index

DMU Space Analysis. Preface What's New Getting Started Basic Tasks Workbench Description Customizing Glossary Index DMU Space Analysis Preface What's New Getting Started Basic Tasks Workbench Description Customizing Glossary Index Dassault Systèmes 1994-99. All rights reserved. Preface DMU Space Analysis is a CAD-independent

More information

ANSYS Workbench a short guideline

ANSYS Workbench a short guideline ANSYS Workbench a short guideline This document is a guidline on how to use ANSYS Workbench 2.0 as a tool to solve the second computer workshop in the course SE1025 FEM for engineering applications. You

More information

Customize the Quick Launch menu

Customize the Quick Launch menu Customize the Quick Launch menu SharePoint provides several ways in which you can customize the navigation of your site. This tutorial is intended for site owners and designers. You can also choose to

More information

SA-9600 Surface Area Software Manual

SA-9600 Surface Area Software Manual SA-9600 Surface Area Software Manual Version 4.0 Introduction The operation and data Presentation of the SA-9600 Surface Area analyzer is performed using a Microsoft Windows based software package. The

More information

EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN A CIRCULAR TUBE WITH DIFFERENT TWIST RATIO OF TWISTED TAPE INSERTS

EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN A CIRCULAR TUBE WITH DIFFERENT TWIST RATIO OF TWISTED TAPE INSERTS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HEAT AND TECHNOLOGY Vol.33 (2015), No.3, pp.158-162 http://dx.doi.org/10.18280/ijht.330324 EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF HEAT TRANSFER ENHANCEMENT IN A CIRCULAR TUBE WITH DIFFERENT

More information

Maple Quick Start. Introduction. Talking to Maple. Using [ENTER] 3 (2.1)

Maple Quick Start. Introduction. Talking to Maple. Using [ENTER] 3 (2.1) Introduction Maple Quick Start In this introductory course, you will become familiar with and comfortable in the Maple environment. You will learn how to use context menus, task assistants, and palettes

More information

Using Microsoft Excel to Plot and Analyze Kinetic Data

Using Microsoft Excel to Plot and Analyze Kinetic Data Entering and Formatting Data Using Microsoft Excel to Plot and Analyze Kinetic Data Open Excel. Set up the spreadsheet page (Sheet 1) so that anyone who reads it will understand the page (Figure 1). Type

More information

How to Get The Most Out of the DEP Public Internet Reports

How to Get The Most Out of the DEP Public Internet Reports How to Get The Most Out of the DEP Public Internet Reports 07/13/2004 Table of Contents MS Excel... 2 Opening a Report... 2 Manipulating the Report Layout... 3 Expanding the columns... 3 Freezing Panes...

More information

ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial: Analysis of an Aluminum Bracket

ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial: Analysis of an Aluminum Bracket H. Kim FEA Tutorial 1 ABAQUS/CAE Tutorial: Analysis of an Aluminum Bracket Hyonny Kim last updated: August 2004 In this tutorial, you ll learn how to: 1. Sketch 2D geometry & define part. 2. Define material

More information

Lecture 6 Remote Boundary Conditions and

Lecture 6 Remote Boundary Conditions and Lecture 6 Remote Boundary Conditions and Constraint Equations 16.0 Release Introduction to ANSYS Mechanical 1 2015 ANSYS, Inc. February 27, 2015 Chapter Overview In this chapter we introduce the concepts

More information

Watershed Modeling System

Watershed Modeling System Watershed Modeling System WMS v8.0 MARICOPA COUNTY TUTORIALS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 MARICOPA COUNTY: NFF AND HEC-1... 1-1 1.1 OBJECTIVES... 1-1 1.2 DELINEATING THE WATERSHED... 1-1 1.3 BUILDING THE NFF SIMULATION...

More information

McAfee Endpoint Encryption Reporting Tool

McAfee Endpoint Encryption Reporting Tool McAfee Endpoint Encryption Reporting Tool User Guide Version 5.2.13 McAfee, Inc. McAfee, Inc. 3965 Freedom Circle, Santa Clara, CA 95054, USA Tel: (+1) 888.847.8766 For more information regarding local

More information

STL GENERATION INTRODUCTION TO STL. Written by Greta D Angelo

STL GENERATION INTRODUCTION TO STL. Written by Greta D Angelo STL GENERATION Written by Greta D Angelo In this section: An introduction on.stl files How to make good.stl files How to make.stl on different softwares (Solidworks, PTC Creo, Rhinoceros 5, Autodesk Inventor)

More information

Data Visualization. Prepared by Francisco Olivera, Ph.D., Srikanth Koka Department of Civil Engineering Texas A&M University February 2004

Data Visualization. Prepared by Francisco Olivera, Ph.D., Srikanth Koka Department of Civil Engineering Texas A&M University February 2004 Data Visualization Prepared by Francisco Olivera, Ph.D., Srikanth Koka Department of Civil Engineering Texas A&M University February 2004 Contents Brief Overview of ArcMap Goals of the Exercise Computer

More information

Intro to Excel spreadsheets

Intro to Excel spreadsheets Intro to Excel spreadsheets What are the objectives of this document? The objectives of document are: 1. Familiarize you with what a spreadsheet is, how it works, and what its capabilities are; 2. Using

More information

Tutorial: 3D Pipe Junction Using Hexa Meshing

Tutorial: 3D Pipe Junction Using Hexa Meshing Tutorial: 3D Pipe Junction Using Hexa Meshing Introduction In this tutorial, you will generate a mesh for a three-dimensional pipe junction. After checking the quality of the first mesh, you will create

More information