# Plots, Curve-Fitting, and Data Modeling in Microsoft Excel

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Plots, Curve-Fitting, and Data Modeling in Microsoft Excel This handout offers some tips on making nice plots of data collected in your lab experiments, as well as instruction on how to use the built-in curve-fitting routines in Microsoft Excel. Excel is a good utility program for data recording and plotting, and is actually used a lot by practicing engineers in industry. The main reason for its popularity is simply cost and convenience (most people have it on their computers) making information sharing very easy. It is also easy to learn and use. With a little extra effort you can write your own computational routines using the built-in VBA (Visual Basic) compiler. If you already know how to create a basic X-Y plot on Excel, then skip ahead to page 3 and the section called Changing the Plot Appearance. Simple X-Y Plots Table 1 Sample Diode I-V Data Table 1 includes measured data on the currentvoltage relationship of a diode that we can use for [ma] [Volts] actual data I V (Note: this is demonstration of the plotting and curve-fitting 0 0 recorded by Prof. features of Excel. Enter the data in two columns as York on a certain shown in the figure below, select the two columns diode. In this and then choose Chart from the Insert menu experiment I (or just click on the Chart icon in a toolbar if it is expected an visible). You will then see a dialog box like that exponential dependence so I shown in the figure below. Select the XY (Scatter) made a list of chart type as shown. In this case there are some diode currents that options (sub-types) that control whether each data would yield a nice point is highlighted by a marker of some kind, and plot, and then whether a straight- or smoothed line is shown recorded the diode voltage that connecting the data points. That isn t really 0.68 produced those important at this stage because you can always currents. ) change the appearance later, but let s start by choosing the smoothed-lines with data markers (highlighted selection in the figure). Step 2: Select Chart from the Insert menu or toolbar Step 1: Enter data, then select the columns you want to plot Page 1 of 12

2 Now select Next and you will see the Source Data dialog box. Click on the Series Tab and you will see something like the following: This gives a snapshot of what the graph will look like so far, and the source of data. It looks a little strange for a diode characteristic because Excel has assumed the first column represents the horizontal coordinate, so we need to switch the X and Y data range around. This is easy, just interchange the data ranges for the X and Y values. It is also useful to give the data series a name (like Data or Measurements ) which will appear in the legend. Now select Next and you will see the Chart Options dialog box below. Here you can add labels for the x- and y-axes as I have already done: Page 2 of 12

3 At this point you can just select Finish, and you will see the finished plot appear in the worksheet as shown below. Changing the Plot Appearance The plot above is the default Excel format for plots, which looks okay on a computer screen but not great in a printed document or presentation. If you right-click anywhere within the x- y axis, you will see a list of options for changing the plot appearance. First let s change the plot background from gray to white; just right-click in the plot and select Format plot area to change this. Now right-click again and select Chart Options to add major gridlines on the x-axis. I also like to reformat the gridlines to be dashed lines as follows: Data Page 3 of 12

4 In the above I also moved the legend inside the chart (just drag it in there), resized the plot, and eliminated the border around the chart area. This is starting to look like a nicely formatted plot, but there is still one change I would strongly recommend, and that is increasing the size of the markers and the weight of the connecting line, and the fonts. Do this by double-clicking on one of the data points to launch the appropriate dialog box. You can increase the font size of the axis labels and legend by double-clicking on those labels and making the appropriate change. After doing this I get the following: Data This is a suitably formatted plot for a lab report or power-point presentation. Log Scales Since many of the diode data points involve small currents, they appear close to zero on the linear scale shown above. A logarithmic scale is sometimes used to effectively expand the scale for small currents. This is done in Excel by double-clicking on the appropriate axis (yaxis in this case) and then selecting the Series tab in the Format Axis dialog as shown. At the bottom you see a check box labeled Logarithmic Scale ; click this and press Okay Page 4 of 12

5 Now your plot should look something like this Data The data seems to fall on a straight line, which is what we d expect for an exponential dependence. A couple of minor formatting issues can be addressed here; first note that the x- axis intersects the y-axis at 1 ma; on a log plot like this we d prefer to have the x-axis and labels lie along the bottom of the chart. You can do this by going back to the Format axis dialog box (by double-clicking on the y-axis) and typing in the appropriate intercept value for the x-axis ins the Value (X) axis crosses at: box. In this case the appropriate value is Note that you could also adjust the limits of the vertical scale if desired, but in this example Excel has automatically chosen appropriate values. So we now have something that looks like this: Data Here I have also removed the line connecting the data points in preparation for the next step, which is to add a second Model curve to compare the data against our diode model. Just double-click on one of the data points and click the Line: None box in the Patterns tab of the Format Data Series dialog. Curve-Fitting, or Trendlines As you know, diodes are usually modeled by a relationship of the form qv / nkt I I s e 1 (0.1) where n is the ideality factor, I s is the reverse saturation current, and kt / q 26 mv at room temperature. How can we use the measured data to determine appropriate parameters for the saturation current and ideality factor for this diode? There is an easy way to do this Page 5 of 12

6 using the Trendline feature in Microsoft Excel. Just right-click on one of the data points in the chart and select Add Trendline ; you will then see a new dialog box appear as shown below: Grab this corner with the cursor and drag it down one row to remove the I=0 data point You can see that there are a few different options for curve-fitting the data, but the important one ( Exponential ) is grayed out. Why? The reason is that our data set includes an I(0) 0 data point, which you can never theoretically have on a simple exponential model! So the trick here is to remove that data point from the plot; the easiest way to do this is to just grab one of the top corners of the boxes enclosing the data and adjust the range to exclude this point. Do that for both the current and voltage columns, and now you should see all of the available curve-fitting options when you select Add Trendline again: Now select the exponential model and hit Okay. Excel will find the best fit of the data to a model of the form I Ae V and plot this on the chart as shown below: Page 6 of 12

7 Data Expon. (Data) A pretty good fit in this case. But we d really like to know what the curve-fit parameters are, right? Double-click on the trendline and select the options tab to get the following: Here we want to select Display equation on chart. You can also change the name of the trendline to Model. Now with a few additional but minor formatting changes we have: Data Model y = 5.48E-06e 2.13E+01x Page 7 of 12

8 The last step is to simply compute the parameters we want from the information Excel has provided. In this case Excel has told us that I Ae V is a pretty good fit to the data when 6 A 5.48 and Note that our vertical scale is in milliamps, so the fitting parameter A also has these units; in other words, A 5.5 na. Now, going back to our diode qv / nkt model in (0.1), we see that for I Is the model reduces to I Ise, so we must have Is A5.5 na q nkt (0.2) You can use Excel to compute the ideality factor from the last equation. Assuming the data was taken at room temperature I get n 1.8, which is comfortably in the range we d expect for real devices. Plotting Multiple Data Series As an example of plotting multiple curves, let s make a plot showing how the diode would behave at other temperatures using the model parameters just provided by our curve-fitting exercise. Note that the saturation current I s is temperature dependent, approximately given by the relation 3 Eg / kt Is ( T) T e (0.3) where E g is the bandgap energy of the semiconductor (1.13 ev for Silicon). If we know the saturation current at some reference temperature T 0, then we can write 3 T qeg 1 1 T 0 k T T0 Is( T) Is( T0 ) exp (0.4) Below I ve made some room in the original spreadsheet so that columns F-G-H will describe the predicted currents at the three different temperatures entered into boxes F9, G9, and H9. Constants found from data-fitting at room temperature Enter the first two points and drag down to fill in the rest Temperatures (in Kelvin) at which we will compute the diode current in columns F-H Page 8 of 12

9 The fitting constants for the diode saturation current and ideality factor and the measurement temperature T 0 are included in F4:F6 as shown. To define the voltages at which we ll compute the currents, enter the first two points (which define the starting value and the increment) and then drag downward to fill in the rest as shown. The range of 0.0 to 0.75 Volts should be fine. Now we can enter the equation for the diode current in the appropriate boxes. There is a simple way to do this in Excel such that we only need to enter the formula once. Start with the temperature-dependent saturation current. First click on the F cell and enter the formula from (0.4) as shown below (formulas are always preceded by an = sign). Note that the temperature is referenced as F\$9; this tells Excel that no matter which cell this formula ends up in when we drag it around, we always want to keep the 9 row reference constant. Similarly, the measured diode saturation current at T 0 is referenced as \$F\$5, which tells Excel to keep both the column and row reference constant when the formula moves. Without the dollar sign in front of a row or column reference, the reference will change according to the relative movement of the cell content. Equation in box F for computing the saturation current at 280K Last step: grab the corner of box around F and drag across to H Once the formula is entered you can grab the corner of the box around F and drag it to H to fill in the saturation current for the other temperatures. Now enter the equation for the full diode current from (0.1) in box F11 as shown below. Note that this time we reference the voltage as \$E11, because we want the voltage to change as we drag the formula down, but we don t want it to change when we drag it sideways. Now grab the corner of the box surrounding F11 and drag it down to F26, the last cell in that column; you should now see the following Page 9 of 12

10 Equation in box F11 for computing the I-V curve at 280K Saturation currents at each temperature Last step: grab the corner of box around F11 and drag down to F26 to fill in the cells in this column, then drag to H26 Finally, grab the box and drag to H26 to fill in the other columns. Now, each cell should compute the diode current for the voltage in the particular row, and for the temperature at the top of the particular column that the cell appears in. If you then click in any of these boxes, you can see how the references to the voltage and temperature change as you move from cell to cell. To plot all three of these curves together we could use the same procedure as before and select the range of data to plot (E11 through H26) and then insert a new chart. However, doing it that way means we d have to go through all of the formatting stuff again. A somewhat easier alternative is to copy and paste a previously formatted graph (like the one we made for our measured data) and then just change the source data for the plot. To do this, right click somewhere in the new chart and select Source Data. Click on the Series tab in the dialog box; to add a new data series, then click the Add button. For example, after doing this and entering a new name Model at T=290K I get the following: Page of 12

11 Click here to add a new line to the plot Click on these symbols to define the location of the X and Y values The next step is to define where the X-Y data for this new series is located. The easiest way is to click on the little spreadsheet symbols as shown above, and then use the cursor to select the appropriate cells in the spreadsheet. Note that if you do it this way, you have to first delete the ={1} entry in the Y-values box, otherwise you will get an error message. Now do this for the other two data sets for T=300K and T=3K. Now all of the data should be on the plot, and we just need to do some formatting to polish it up. Here is what I have on a log scale: Model at T=290K Model at T=300K Model at T=3K Data at 300K Note that Excel doesn t usually make very intelligent choices of colors and line widths for the plots. For good quality reports and presentations you need to choose bold, dark colors and thicker line widths than the Excel defaults, as I have done here. Also note that the data point Page 11 of 12

12 markers (black diamonds) appear on top of the red model curve at 300K; to make this happen you need to double click on one of the markers to launch the Format Data Series dialog box, and then select the Series Order tab to define the order in which the plot lines are drawn. As a last note, most people do not realize that Excel, like many of the MS Office products, includes similar drawing features that appear in PowerPoint. To access the drawing tools you just select View Toolbars Drawing. This allows you to add graphics or comments to the plots very easily. For example, here I have reformatted the plot for a linear scale, adjusted the scales a bit, and added a load line by drawing in a straight line through the appropriate intercepts. I also Cut & Pasted the schematic for the load line into the Excel chart from a PowerPoint drawing Model at T=290K Model at T=300K Model at T=3K Data at 300K Load Line This is a high-quality plot, suitable for lab reports and other publications. The main point here of course is demonstrating how Excel can be used to do the routine data plotting and analysis that we need for ECE 2 and other ECE coursework, but the above also demonstrates some of what we discussed about the merits of using series resistors for diode biasing, i.e. that it greatly reduces the variation in bias current over temperature. There are other nice features of Excel, and the only way to learn them is to experiment with the program. In my experience if there is something you want the program to do, chances are you can find a way to do it if you try hard enough. Page 12 of 12

### Entering data and doing repetitive calculations with Excel

Entering data and doing repetitive calculations with Excel Start by entering preliminary data in columns. Label each column. If you need to do repetitive calculations on your data before you make a graph,

### Summary of important mathematical operations and formulas (from first tutorial):

EXCEL Intermediate Tutorial Summary of important mathematical operations and formulas (from first tutorial): Operation Key Addition + Subtraction - Multiplication * Division / Exponential ^ To enter a

### Trial 9 No Pill Placebo Drug Trial 4. Trial 6.

An essential part of science is communication of research results. In addition to written descriptions and interpretations, the data are presented in a figure that shows, in a visual format, the effect

### An Introduction to Graphing in Excel

An Introduction to Graphing in Excel This example uses Excel to graph Y vs X. This problem starts as follows: 1.Complete the following table and on graph paper, graph the line for the equation x 2y = Identify

### Scientific Graphing in Excel 2010

Scientific Graphing in Excel 2010 When you start Excel, you will see the screen below. Various parts of the display are labelled in red, with arrows, to define the terms used in the remainder of this overview.

### Absorbance Spectrophotometry: Analysis of FD&C Red Food Dye #40 Calibration Curve Procedure

Absorbance Spectrophotometry: Analysis of FD&C Red Food Dye #40 Calibration Curve Procedure Note: there is a second document that goes with this one! 2046 - Absorbance Spectrophotometry. Make sure you

### A Guide to Using Excel in Physics Lab

A Guide to Using Excel in Physics Lab Excel has the potential to be a very useful program that will save you lots of time. Excel is especially useful for making repetitious calculations on large data sets.

### Microsoft Excel Tutorial

Microsoft Excel Tutorial by Dr. James E. Parks Department of Physics and Astronomy 401 Nielsen Physics Building The University of Tennessee Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-1200 Copyright August, 2000 by James

### This activity will show you how to draw graphs of algebraic functions in Excel.

This activity will show you how to draw graphs of algebraic functions in Excel. Open a new Excel workbook. This is Excel in Office 2007. You may not have used this version before but it is very much the

### Updates to Graphing with Excel

Updates to Graphing with Excel NCC has recently upgraded to a new version of the Microsoft Office suite of programs. As such, many of the directions in the Biology Student Handbook for how to graph with

### Using Excel (Microsoft Office 2007 Version) for Graphical Analysis of Data

Using Excel (Microsoft Office 2007 Version) for Graphical Analysis of Data Introduction In several upcoming labs, a primary goal will be to determine the mathematical relationship between two variable

### EXPERIMENT GRAPHING IN EXCEL

EXPERIMENT GRAPHING IN EXCEL Introduction In this lab you will learn how to use Microsoft Excel to plot and analyze data that you obtain while doing experiments. In this lab you learn how to Enter data

### MARS STUDENT IMAGING PROJECT

MARS STUDENT IMAGING PROJECT Data Analysis Practice Guide Mars Education Program Arizona State University Data Analysis Practice Guide This set of activities is designed to help you organize data you collect

### Using Microsoft Excel to Plot and Analyze Kinetic Data

Entering and Formatting Data Using Microsoft Excel to Plot and Analyze Kinetic Data Open Excel. Set up the spreadsheet page (Sheet 1) so that anyone who reads it will understand the page (Figure 1). Type

### Excel Tutorial. Bio 150B Excel Tutorial 1

Bio 15B Excel Tutorial 1 Excel Tutorial As part of your laboratory write-ups and reports during this semester you will be required to collect and present data in an appropriate format. To organize and

### EXCEL Tutorial: How to use EXCEL for Graphs and Calculations.

EXCEL Tutorial: How to use EXCEL for Graphs and Calculations. Excel is powerful tool and can make your life easier if you are proficient in using it. You will need to use Excel to complete most of your

Intro to Excel spreadsheets What are the objectives of this document? The objectives of document are: 1. Familiarize you with what a spreadsheet is, how it works, and what its capabilities are; 2. Using

### Chapter 4 Creating Charts and Graphs

Calc Guide Chapter 4 OpenOffice.org Copyright This document is Copyright 2006 by its contributors as listed in the section titled Authors. You can distribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either

### Using Excel for Handling, Graphing, and Analyzing Scientific Data:

Using Excel for Handling, Graphing, and Analyzing Scientific Data: A Resource for Science and Mathematics Students Scott A. Sinex Barbara A. Gage Department of Physical Sciences and Engineering Prince

### Dealing with Data in Excel 2010

Dealing with Data in Excel 2010 Excel provides the ability to do computations and graphing of data. Here we provide the basics and some advanced capabilities available in Excel that are useful for dealing

### Graphing in excel on the Mac

Graphing in excel on the Mac Quick Reference for people who just need a reminder The easiest thing is to have a single series, with y data in the column to the left of the x- data. Select the data and

### Spreadsheets and Laboratory Data Analysis: Excel 2003 Version (Excel 2007 is only slightly different)

Spreadsheets and Laboratory Data Analysis: Excel 2003 Version (Excel 2007 is only slightly different) Spreadsheets are computer programs that allow the user to enter and manipulate numbers. They are capable

### Tutorial 2: Using Excel in Data Analysis

Tutorial 2: Using Excel in Data Analysis This tutorial guide addresses several issues particularly relevant in the context of the level 1 Physics lab sessions at Durham: organising your work sheet neatly,

### 0 Introduction to Data Analysis Using an Excel Spreadsheet

Experiment 0 Introduction to Data Analysis Using an Excel Spreadsheet I. Purpose The purpose of this introductory lab is to teach you a few basic things about how to use an EXCEL 2010 spreadsheet to do

### 1. Microsoft Excel Basics:

1. Microsoft Excel Basics: This section introduces data manipulation using Microsoft Excel, including importing, copying and pasting data and entering equations. A basic understanding of computer operating

### Excel Guide for Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus

Excel Guide for Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus Revathi Narasimhan Kean University A technology guide to accompany Mathematical Applications, 6 th Edition Applied Calculus, 2 nd Edition Calculus:

### Microsoft Excel 2010: Create a Chart from Start to Finish. Learn about charts

Microsoft Excel no longer provides the chart wizard. Instead, you can create a basic chart by clicking the chart type that you want on the Insert tab in the Charts group. To create a chart that displays

### Figure 1: Excel s data grid and addressing

This is meant to be a short tutorial in how to effectively use Microsoft Excel, a software package that most people are generally familiar with, to plot and analyze scientific data. Basic Excel: First

### Graphing Exercise 1. Create a Pie Graph by Selecting a Data Table

Graphing Exercise 1. Create a Pie Graph by Selecting a Data Table This exercise selects the data in an existing data table and creates a pie graph of the data (Figure G1-1). Figure G1-1. Tree species sampled

### Calibration and Linear Regression Analysis: A Self-Guided Tutorial

Calibration and Linear Regression Analysis: A Self-Guided Tutorial Part 1 Instrumental Analysis with Excel: The Basics CHM314 Instrumental Analysis Department of Chemistry, University of Toronto Dr. D.

### Create Charts in Excel

Create Charts in Excel Table of Contents OVERVIEW OF CHARTING... 1 AVAILABLE CHART TYPES... 2 PIE CHARTS... 2 BAR CHARTS... 3 CREATING CHARTS IN EXCEL... 3 CREATE A CHART... 3 HOW TO CHANGE THE LOCATION

### PERFORMING REGRESSION ANALYSIS USING MICROSOFT EXCEL

PERFORMING REGRESSION ANALYSIS USING MICROSOFT EXCEL John O. Mason, Ph.D., CPA Professor of Accountancy Culverhouse School of Accountancy The University of Alabama Abstract: This paper introduces you to

### Microsoft Excel 2010 Part 3: Advanced Excel

CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY, LOS ANGELES INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SERVICES Microsoft Excel 2010 Part 3: Advanced Excel Winter 2015, Version 1.0 Table of Contents Introduction...2 Sorting Data...2 Sorting

### Excel -- Creating Charts

Excel -- Creating Charts The saying goes, A picture is worth a thousand words, and so true. Professional looking charts give visual enhancement to your statistics, fiscal reports or presentation. Excel

### Using Excel for descriptive statistics

FACT SHEET Using Excel for descriptive statistics Introduction Biologists no longer routinely plot graphs by hand or rely on calculators to carry out difficult and tedious statistical calculations. These

### Figure 1. An embedded chart on a worksheet.

8. Excel Charts and Analysis ToolPak Charts, also known as graphs, have been an integral part of spreadsheets since the early days of Lotus 1-2-3. Charting features have improved significantly over the

### CONSTRUCTING SINGLE-SUBJECT REVERSAL DESIGN GRAPHS USING MICROSOFT WORD : A COMPREHENSIVE TUTORIAL

CONSTRUCTING SINGLE-SUBJECT REVERSAL DESIGN GRAPHS USING MICROSOFT WORD : A COMPREHENSIVE TUTORIAL PATRICK GREHAN ADELPHI UNIVERSITY DANIEL J. MORAN MIDAMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL INSTITUTE This document is

### GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING POSTERS USING POWERPOINT PRESENTATION SOFTWARE

Society for the Teaching of Psychology (APA Division 2) OFFICE OF TEACHING RESOURCES IN PSYCHOLOGY (OTRP) Department of Psychology, Georgia Southern University, P. O. Box 8041, Statesboro, GA 30460-8041

### Statgraphics Getting started

Statgraphics Getting started The aim of this exercise is to introduce you to some of the basic features of the Statgraphics software. Starting Statgraphics 1. Log in to your PC, using the usual procedure

### Excel Math Project for 8th Grade Identifying Patterns

There are several terms that we will use to describe your spreadsheet: Workbook, worksheet, row, column, cell, cursor, name box, formula bar. Today you are going to create a spreadsheet to investigate

### USING EXCEL ON THE COMPUTER TO FIND THE MEAN AND STANDARD DEVIATION AND TO DO LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS AND GRAPHING TABLE OF CONTENTS

USING EXCEL ON THE COMPUTER TO FIND THE MEAN AND STANDARD DEVIATION AND TO DO LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS AND GRAPHING Dr. Susan Petro TABLE OF CONTENTS Topic Page number 1. On following directions 2 2.

Advanced Microsoft Excel 2010 Table of Contents THE PASTE SPECIAL FUNCTION... 2 Paste Special Options... 2 Using the Paste Special Function... 3 ORGANIZING DATA... 4 Multiple-Level Sorting... 4 Subtotaling

### Graphing Parabolas With Microsoft Excel

Graphing Parabolas With Microsoft Excel Mr. Clausen Algebra 2 California State Standard for Algebra 2 #10.0: Students graph quadratic functions and determine the maxima, minima, and zeros of the function.

### Creating Single-Subject Design Graphs With Microsoft Excel 2000 (rev. 6-5-06 added printing directions)

Creating Single Subject Design Graphs With Microsoft Excel 2000 (rev. 6-5-06) P. 1 Creating Single-Subject Design Graphs With Microsoft Excel 2000 (rev. 6-5-06 added printing directions) Creating a Comparison

### Designing a Worksheet with Excel

Designing a Worksheet with Excel Introduction Microsoft Office Excel 00 offers several tools that make your worksheets look attractive and professional. Without formatting, a worksheet can look confusing

### Generating ABI PRISM 7700 Standard Curve Plots in a Spreadsheet Program

Generating ABI PRISM 7700 Standard Curve Plots in a Spreadsheet Program Overview The goal of this tutorial is to demonstrate the procedure through which analyzed data generated within an ABI PRISM 7700

### Microsoft Excel Basics

COMMUNITY TECHNICAL SUPPORT Microsoft Excel Basics Introduction to Excel Click on the program icon in Launcher or the Microsoft Office Shortcut Bar. A worksheet is a grid, made up of columns, which are

### Introduction to Microsoft Excel 2007/2010

to Microsoft Excel 2007/2010 Abstract: Microsoft Excel is one of the most powerful and widely used spreadsheet applications available today. Excel's functionality and popularity have made it an essential

### Introduction to Microsoft Excel 2007

Introduction to Microsoft Excel 2007 Class learning objectives 1. What is Excel? Spreadsheet uses & samples Touring the Excel window Learning important definitions Navigating around the workbook 2. The

### Basic Pivot Tables. To begin your pivot table, choose Data, Pivot Table and Pivot Chart Report. 1 of 18

Basic Pivot Tables Pivot tables summarize data in a quick and easy way. In your job, you could use pivot tables to summarize actual expenses by fund type by object or total amounts. Make sure you do not

### Excel Unit 4. Data files needed to complete these exercises will be found on the S: drive>410>student>computer Technology>Excel>Unit 4

Excel Unit 4 Data files needed to complete these exercises will be found on the S: drive>410>student>computer Technology>Excel>Unit 4 Step by Step 4.1 Creating and Positioning Charts GET READY. Before

### Using Excel to Graph a Linear Equation

Using Excel to Graph a Linear Equation Level: LBS 5 Goal: To become familiar with Microsoft Excel and the Chart Wizard in order to create graphs of linear equations on the computer. Learning Outcomes:

### KaleidaGraph Quick Start Guide

KaleidaGraph Quick Start Guide This document is a hands-on guide that walks you through the use of KaleidaGraph. You will probably want to print this guide and then start your exploration of the product.

### Beginning Excel. Revised 5/01

Beginning Excel Objectives: The Learner will: Become familiar with terminology used in Microsoft Excel Create a simple workbook Write a simple formula Create a simple chart Sort a simple text chart Formatting

### Excel Charts and Graphs 2013

Excel Charts and Graphs 2013 Copyright 2014, Software Application Training, West Chester University. A member of the Pennsylvania State Systems of Higher Education. No portion of this document may be reproduced

### Microsoft Excel 2010 Charts and Graphs

Microsoft Excel 2010 Charts and Graphs Email: training@health.ufl.edu Web Page: http://training.health.ufl.edu Microsoft Excel 2010: Charts and Graphs 2.0 hours Topics include data groupings; creating

### Formulas, Functions and Charts

Formulas, Functions and Charts :: 167 8 Formulas, Functions and Charts 8.1 INTRODUCTION In this leson you can enter formula and functions and perform mathematical calcualtions. You will also be able to

### How to make a line graph using Excel 2007

How to make a line graph using Excel 2007 Format your data sheet Make sure you have a title and each column of data has a title. If you are entering data by hand, use time or the independent variable in

### Microsoft Excel 2010 Tutorial

1 Microsoft Excel 2010 Tutorial Excel is a spreadsheet program in the Microsoft Office system. You can use Excel to create and format workbooks (a collection of spreadsheets) in order to analyze data and

### Basic Excel Handbook

2 5 2 7 1 1 0 4 3 9 8 1 Basic Excel Handbook Version 3.6 May 6, 2008 Contents Contents... 1 Part I: Background Information...3 About This Handbook... 4 Excel Terminology... 5 Excel Terminology (cont.)...

### Microsoft Excel Tutorial

Microsoft Excel Tutorial Microsoft Excel spreadsheets are a powerful and easy to use tool to record, plot and analyze experimental data. Excel is commonly used by engineers to tackle sophisticated computations

### Plotting: Customizing the Graph

Plotting: Customizing the Graph Data Plots: General Tips Making a Data Plot Active Within a graph layer, only one data plot can be active. A data plot must be set active before you can use the Data Selector

Interactive Excel Spreadsheets: Constructing Visualization Tools to Enhance Your Learner-centered Math and Science Classroom Scott A. Sinex Department of Physical Sciences and Engineering Prince George

### Excel 2007 Basic knowledge

Ribbon menu The Ribbon menu system with tabs for various Excel commands. This Ribbon system replaces the traditional menus used with Excel 2003. Above the Ribbon in the upper-left corner is the Microsoft

### Step-by-step guide to making a simple graph in Excel 2008 for Mac Mariëlle Hoefnagels, University of Oklahoma

Step-by-step guide to making a simple graph in Excel 2008 for Mac Mariëlle Hoefnagels, University of Oklahoma The following tutorial includes bare-bones instructions for using Microsoft Excel 2008 for

### Plotting Data with Microsoft Excel

Plotting Data with Microsoft Excel Here is an example of an attempt to plot parametric data in a scientifically meaningful way, using Microsoft Excel. This example describes an experience using the Office

### Preface of Excel Guide

Preface of Excel Guide The use of spreadsheets in a course designed primarily for business and social science majors can enhance the understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts. In addition,

### Excel Reporting with 1010data

Excel Reporting with 1010data (212) 405.1010 info@1010data.com Follow: @1010data www.1010data.com Excel Reporting with 1010data Contents 2 Contents Overview... 3 Start with a 1010data query... 5 Running

### If you are comfortable working with Excel, you will be comfortable working with FAST and other provided Excel workbooks.

Excel is a spreadsheet program that allows users to organize data, complete calculations, make decisions, graph data, develop professional reports, etc. Unlike a paper spreadsheet, you can set up an Excel

### Working together with Word, Excel and PowerPoint

Working together with Word, Excel and PowerPoint Have you ever wanted your Word document to include data from an Excel spreadsheet, or diagrams you ve created in PowerPoint? This note shows you how to

### Excel 2007: Basics Learning Guide

Excel 2007: Basics Learning Guide Exploring Excel At first glance, the new Excel 2007 interface may seem a bit unsettling, with fat bands called Ribbons replacing cascading text menus and task bars. This

### Using the Cute Rich-Text Editor

Using the Cute Rich-Text Editor This document is designed to provide users with a basic introduction to using the Cute rich-text editor to format text, create and modify tables, and to place charts and

### Data representation and analysis in Excel

Page 1 Data representation and analysis in Excel Let s Get Started! This course will teach you how to analyze data and make charts in Excel so that the data may be represented in a visual way that reflects

### CREATING EXCEL PIVOT TABLES AND PIVOT CHARTS FOR LIBRARY QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS

CREATING EXCEL PIVOT TABLES AND PIVOT CHARTS FOR LIBRARY QUESTIONNAIRE RESULTS An Excel Pivot Table is an interactive table that summarizes large amounts of data. It allows the user to view and manipulate

### Drawing a histogram using Excel

Drawing a histogram using Excel STEP 1: Examine the data to decide how many class intervals you need and what the class boundaries should be. (In an assignment you may be told what class boundaries to

### MICROSOFT EXCEL TUTORIAL HANDOUT

MICROSOFT EXCEL TUTIAL HANDOUT Opening Microsoft Excel 1. Click on the START button. 2. Click on PROGRAMS. 3. Click on MICROSOFT EXCEL. The Excel Screen Formula Bar Minimize Buttons Restore Buttons Close

### Creating Multiple Baseline (MB) Single-Subject Design Graphs in Microsoft Excel 2007

1 Creating Multiple Baseline (MB) Single-Subject Design Graphs in Microsoft Excel 2007 2 Step 1: Set up the Variables Multiple Baseline Design (MB) X-axis 1st AB 2nd AB 3rd AB Use the top cells to Label

### Excel Pivot Tables. Blue Pecan Computer Training Ltd - Onsite Training Provider www.bluepecantraining.com :: 0800 6124105 :: info@bluepecan.co.

Excel Pivot Tables 1 Table of Contents Pivot Tables... 3 Preparing Data for a Pivot Table... 3 Creating a Dynamic Range for a Pivot Table... 3 Creating a Pivot Table... 4 Removing a Field... 5 Change the

### Introduction to Data Tables. Data Table Exercises

Tools for Excel Modeling Introduction to Data Tables and Data Table Exercises EXCEL REVIEW 2000-2001 Data Tables are among the most useful of Excel s tools for analyzing data in spreadsheet models. Some

### MS Project Tutorial for Senior Design Using Microsoft Project to manage projects

MS Project Tutorial for Senior Design Using Microsoft Project to manage projects Overview: Project management is an important part of the senior design process. For the most part, teams manage projects

### WEBFOCUS QUICK DATA FOR EXCEL

WEBFOCUS QUICK DATA FOR EXCEL BRIAN CARTER INFORMATION BUILDERS SUMMIT 2008 USERS CONFERENCE JUNE 2008 Presentation Abstract: Even with the growing popularity and evolvement of Business Intelligence products

### Advanced Presentation Features and Animation

There are three features that you should remember as you work within PowerPoint 2007: the Microsoft Office Button, the Quick Access Toolbar, and the Ribbon. The function of these features will be more

### Creating Population Pyramids Using Microsoft Excel

Creating Population Pyramids Using Microsoft Excel Population pyramids are one of the most basic illustrative tools used in demography to show the age structure of a population. This document will show

### The Center for Teaching, Learning, & Technology

The Center for Teaching, Learning, & Technology Instructional Technology Workshops Microsoft Excel 2010 Formulas and Charts Albert Robinson / Delwar Sayeed Faculty and Staff Development Programs Colston

### Merged Cell. End of Row Marker Cell

Tables in Microsoft Word A table consists of rows and columns of cells that you can fill with text or graphics. When you insert a table, it is displayed as a grid, each section of which is referred to

### Integrating Microsoft Word with Other Office Applications

Integrating Microsoft Word with Other Office Applications The Learning Center Staff Education 257-79226 http://www.mc.uky.edu/learningcenter/ Copyright 2006 Objectives After completing this course, you

Table of Contents Elements of An Excel Document... 2 Resizing and Hiding Columns and Rows... 3 Using Panes to Create Spreadsheet Headers... 3 Using the AutoFill Command... 4 Using AutoFill for Sequences...

### Dashboard logging data graphs. Dashboard logging data graphs How to create graphs from Dashboard logging data using MS Excel.

Dashboard logging data graphs How to create graphs from Dashboard logging data using MS Excel Introduction The TBS Dashboard for Windows software environment, offers data logging capabilities for each

### Using Excel 2003 with Basic Business Statistics

Using Excel 2003 with Basic Business Statistics Introduction Use this document if you plan to use Excel 2003 with Basic Business Statistics, 12th edition. Instructions specific to Excel 2003 are needed

### Creating Charts in Microsoft Excel A supplement to Chapter 5 of Quantitative Approaches in Business Studies

Creating Charts in Microsoft Excel A supplement to Chapter 5 of Quantitative Approaches in Business Studies Components of a Chart 1 Chart types 2 Data tables 4 The Chart Wizard 5 Column Charts 7 Line charts

### Microsoft Excel II Graphs and Charts

Microsoft Excel II Graphs and Charts Table of Contents *All tips are based on Microsoft Office 2007. Table of Contents... 1 Sorting data... 2 Microsoft Excel... 2 Sort 1 column... 2 Sort by 1 column...

### Charting LibQUAL+(TM) Data. Jeff Stark Training & Development Services Texas A&M University Libraries Texas A&M University

Charting LibQUAL+(TM) Data Jeff Stark Training & Development Services Texas A&M University Libraries Texas A&M University Revised March 2004 The directions in this handout are written to be used with SPSS

### Reading: Graphing Techniques Revised 3/6/12 GRAPHING TECHNIQUES

GRAPHING TECHNIQUES Mathematical relationships between variables are determined by graphing experimental data. For example, the linear relationship between the concentration and the absorption of dilute

MS Excel Handout: Level 2 elearning Department 2016 Page 1 of 11 Contents Excel Environment:... 3 To create a new blank workbook:...3 To insert text:...4 Cell addresses:...4 To save the workbook:... 5

### Enhanced Formatting and Document Management. Word 2010. Unit 3 Module 3. Diocese of St. Petersburg Office of Training Training@dosp.

Enhanced Formatting and Document Management Word 2010 Unit 3 Module 3 Diocese of St. Petersburg Office of Training Training@dosp.org This Page Left Intentionally Blank Diocese of St. Petersburg 9/5/2014

### How To Run Statistical Tests in Excel

How To Run Statistical Tests in Excel Microsoft Excel is your best tool for storing and manipulating data, calculating basic descriptive statistics such as means and standard deviations, and conducting