University of St Andrews. Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling

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1 Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling St. Andrews and Elsewhere Richard Lumb Consultant Engineer Future-Tech

2 Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling There is no one single best cooling solution for all Data Centres

3 Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling Constraints Fundamentals Solutions Management

4 Energy Efficient Data Centre Cooling Data Centres use 3% of total UK Electricity A/C power use 2 nd only to servers Accepted Energy Efficiency Metric (PUE)

5 Constraints Budget Design Parameters Rack Power Density Energy Efficiency Total Cooling Requirement Internal Space Maintenance External Space Noise Criteria Local Environment Water Source Personal Preference Any other influencers

6 Fundamentals Direct the cold air Segregate hot and cold aisles Ensure air paths are only through the servers Create a clear path for the hot air return Adjust temperature set points correctly Adjust humidity settings Look for free cooling opportunities

7 Enclosed Hot Aisle or Cold Aisle?

8 Free Cooling? FILTERS EVAPORATIVE HUMIDIFIER FAN MOTOR & SUPPLY AIR FAN CONTROL PANEL Attic Space Ceiling Void Ceiling Void Barrier Ceiling Void Barrier Comms Room Comms ACU 10 Room ACU 9 Floor Void Floor Void Fresh Air Free Cooling

9 Free Cooling? DBLP PDU A PDU B 600w x 330d x 650h 600w x 330d x 850h 600w x 330d x 850h ic PUMP SET 2000w x 3000l DRY AIR COOLER 2300w x 7495l x 1265h 2 tonnes Indirect Free Cooling

10 Heat Recovery

11 Solutions University of St Andrews Bristol City Council Bath University Life Technologies Sainsbury s

12 Requirements University of St Andrews Energy Efficient Solution Maximum Number of Racks Separate Comms Room Office Max Power 15kW per Racks Maximum IT load

13 University of St Andrews Constraints Power Supply Internal Space Limited Plant Area Space External Noise Criteria

14 Fundamentals University of St Andrews Enclosed Hot Aisle Direct Air path to AHUs Controlled delivery air temperature Blanking plates within the racks Free Cooling

15 University of St Andrews Solution Water cooled DX system Free cooling from Dry Air Coolers Acoustic Walls Pre Heat Generator

16 Requirements Bristol City Council 24 Racks Self Contained Room Build AHU External to Server Room Max Power per Racks 15kW Free Cooling Via Moat Back up Free Cooling Via Dry Air Coolers

17 Bristol City Council Constraints Internal Space Limited Plant Area Space External Noise Criteria Moat Water

18 Fundamentals Bristol City Council Enclosed Hot Aisle Direct Air path to AHUs Controlled delivery air temperature Blanking plates within the racks Free Cooling

19 Bristol City Council Solution Water Cooled DX AHUs Moat Water Free Cooling Dry Air Cooler Free cooling Acoustic Baffles for DAC

20 Requirements University of Bath 20 Racks Max Power per Racks 20kW Energy Efficiency Free Cooling

21 University of Bath Constraints Room Heights Internal Space Large number of pillars HPC to stay in existing racks External Noise Criteria

22 Fundamentals University of Bath Enclosed Hot Aisle Direct Air path to Cooling Units Controlled delivery air temperature Blanking plates within the racks Free Cooling

23 University of Bath Solution Rear Door Cooling High Water Temperatures Dry Air Cooler Free cooling Leak Prevention System

24 Requirements Life Technologies 24 Racks with option to expand Max Power per Racks 7kW Separate UPS Room Energy Efficiency Free Cooling

25 Constraints Life Technologies Room Heights Internal Space Compatibility with American Parent

26 Life Technologies Fundamentals Enclosed Hot Aisle Direct Air path to Cooling Units Controlled delivery air temperature Blanking plates within the racks Free Cooling

27 Solution University of St Andrews Life Technologies In Row Cooling Higher Water Temperatures Dry Air Cooler Free cooling Redundant Chiller System

28 Sainsbury s Requirements Existing DX AHU Solution Energy Efficiency Free Cooling

29 Constraints University of St Andrews Sainsbury s Return On Investment Existing Live Data Centre External Plant Space Access

30 Sainsbury s Fundamentals Direct Air path to Cooling Units Controlled delivery air temperature Free Cooling FILTERS EVAPORATIVE HUMIDIFIER FAN MOTOR & SUPPLY AIR FAN CONTROL PANEL Attic Space Ceiling Void Ceiling Void Barrier Ceiling Void Barrier Comms Room Comms Room ACU 10 ACU 9 Floor Void Floor Void

31 Sainsbury s Solution Fresh Air Cooling Segregated Hot Air Ducts

32 Management Monitoring; Thresholds; Reporting; Targets

33 SUMMARY Constraints Fundamentals Solutions Management

34 QUESTIONS?

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