Financing Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Thailand s ENCON Fund

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1 International Energy Efficiency Forum, ASTANA, KAZAKHSTAN, September 2010 Financing Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy: Thailand s ENCON Fund Prasert Sinsukprasert Director of Planning Division Dept. of Alternative Energy Development and Efficiency 1

2 Energy Consumption in 2009 In 2009, Energy Expenses 47 billion USD (import 58%) Total Commercial Energy Use million barrels (oil equivalent) of per day Commercial Energy Consumption by fuel Energy Use by sector 2

3 Energy Import Dependence 2009 Domestic to Import Ratio Domestic Import Import Expenses (billion baht) Electricity Coal Natural Gas Petroleum Crude Oil

4 Energy Consumption (KTOE/yr) EE Plans and Targets Industrial and Commercial Sectors Reduced EI ~ 25% = 17,530 ktoe/yr Reduced EI ~ 15% = 7,630 ktoe/yr Reduced EI ~ 8% = 4,188 ktoe/yr BAU Actual : Used Consumption in ,614 ktoe 4 Target : Reduced EI (Base Year 2005) -8% in % in % in 2030 Reduced EI Around 1.5% annually 4

5 Thailand Renewable Energy Development Committed to the development of low-carbon society Government Funding On R & D & D Activities 15 years RE-Development Plan Target 20.3 % of RE in Total Energy Consumption By 2022 Encouraging Private-Led Investment Solar + Wind 1,300 MW Small + Mini Hydro 320 MW Bio Energy Biomass Biogas MSW 4,000 MW 160 MW 120 MW Biofuels Ethanol Biodiesel 20% Oil substitution Supporting Schemes Feed-in Premium ( Adder ) on top of regular tariff BOI Tax incentives scheme (8 yr. Tax holiday) Some direct subsidy (10-30%) on Biogas,MSW,Solar-hotwater projects Soft Loans for RE+EE investments Government Co-investing scheme ( ESCO Fund ) Abundant Supply Market driven Pricing Strategy to promote high-re-fuels (E10,E20,E85 and B5) 5

6 RE EE Measures/Strategies Regulation Financing Capacity building Infrastructure Awareness and Information Campaign Knowledge Management 6

7 Thailand ENCON Fund Established in 1992 under Energy Conservation Promotion Act Collecting a small levy (about 1 US cent/litre) from the sell of gasoline, diesel, fuel oil and kerosene Annual revenue of around 200 million USD Supporting all EE/RE promotion activities R&D, subsidies, soft loans, awareness campaign, capacity building, etc. 7

8 EE/RE Financing Measures Revolving Fund soft loan program ESCO Fund coinvestment program Adder (Feed in premium) Tax Incentives 8

9 Revolving Fund - stimulate interests among banking communities - provide low-cost capital to EE&RE market - commercial lending: through commercial banks - minimize government intervention - Jan 2003 present: budget of 210 mill USD Bank Bank Bank RF Bank 9

10 RF Work Process DEDE allocate budget for banks Banks lend to Client for EE Project Banks payback to DEDE EE Project Implemented Clients Return Payment 10

11 11 Participating Banks Bangkok Bank (BBL) Bank of Ayudhya (BAY) Bank Thai (BT) Thai Military Bank (TMB) Siam City Bank (SCIB) Siam Commercial Bank (SCB) Thai Farmers Bank (TFB) Exim Bank (Exim) Krung Thai Bank (KTB) SME Bank (SME) UOB 11

12 RF Program Results (Jan 2003 April 2010) Leverage 453 million USD of EE/RE investment 335 EE projects, 112 RE projects Energy Savings over 154 millon USD/y Average payback ~ 3 years 12

13 ESCO Fund Objective to promote investment in energy conservation and alternative energy and facilitate carbon market Description Coinvestment Fund for EE and RE projects Equity Finance, Venture-Capital, Leasing Carbon Market Investment, Tech Assistance Budget 30 million USD Launched October 2008 Targeting SMEs 13

14 ENCON Fund 30 million USD Investor Investor ESCO Fund Investor Investor Fund Manager Investment Committee ESCO Venture Capital Equity Investment Equipment Leasing Carbon Market Technical Assistance Credit Guarantee Facility 14

15 Investment Criteria - Equity Investment; % maximum of 50 MB; 3-7 years - ESCO Venture Capital; % of registered capital; maximum of 50 MB; 3-7 years - Equipment Leasing; maximum of 10 MB; payback within 5 years - Carbon Credit; - Technical Assistance; - Guarantee Facility 15

16 Appraisal Issues In line with Investment Policy - Target Groups - Technologies -Investment size -ESCO Opportunity and Risks - Technical - Management - Financial and Market/Industry trends Exit strategies To Support (not commercial minded) Self Sufficiency Financially 16

17 ESCO Fund Program Results April 2010 Biomass Thermal 1.47% Biogas 1.80% Solar Power 13.21% Solar Hotwater 0.29% EE Equipment 1.88% Biomass Power 81.34% 26 projects approved (EE 12, Biomass 9) Total Investment of 145 million USD ESCo Fund co-invest 12 million USD Energy Saved 32 KToE / y (18 million USD /y) Investment by Technology Total Investment of 145 mill USD 17

18 Adder : Feed-in Premiums provide incentives to boost power generation from renewable energies (on top of base tariff 3 b/kwh) additional money will be paid to private power producers for every kwh produced from RE the amounts of adder depend on type of RE; size of project; location reviewed every two years EGAT recover the adder costs from Fuel Adjustment Mechanism (FT) paid by all consumers. 18

19 Fuel Biomass - Installed capacity <= 1 MW - Installed capacity > 1 MW Biogas (all categories of production sources) - Installed capacity <= 1 MW - Installed capacity > 1 MW Waste (community waste, not hazardous industrial waste, and inorganic waste) - Fermentation system or land fill - Thermal Process Wind power - Installed capacity <= 50 kw - Installed capacity > 50 kw Mini and micro hydropower - Installed capacity 50 kw - < 200 kw - Installed capacity < 50 kw Adder : Feed-in Premiums Adder (B/kwh) Special adder * (B/kwh) Special adder in 3 southern provinces (B/kwh) Supporting period (B/kwh) Solar power

20 TAX Incentives Exemption of import duties for equipment related to RE/EE Exemption of corporate income tax for 8 years for EE/RE manufacturers or businesses Reduction of corporate income tax for business that improve their EE or utilize RE up to 70% of investment costs. 20

21 Tax Incentive Results 19 ESCO projects approved for corporate tax exemption investing 185 mill USD and potential energy savings of 48 mill USD 24 projects approved for import duty exemption worth 64 mill USD resulting to 22 mill USD energy saved Over 50 EE/RE projects are in the pipeline for tax privilege approval. 21

22 Lesson Learned Lesson Learned and Next Steps Financial Institutes are still defensive, especially for SMEs, small projects. Information and knowledge about ESCOs/RE technologies must be provided for bankers. Non-economic barriers need to be addressed Next Steps Create Credit Guarantee Facility Explore carbon market opportunities programmatic CDM 22

23 Regional Cooperation in Energy Efficnecy and Renewable Energy 23

24 Regional Cooperation - 1 ASEAN Plan of Action on Energy Cooperation ASEAN Energy Awards Building Energy Benchmarking Networking and sharing experiences in EE/RE promotion Set up regional goals on EE (reduce EI by 8%) and RE (15% in power generation mix) by

25 Regional Cooperation - 2 ASEAN with Dialogue Partners Japan: Training on EE&C on yearly basis Republic of Korea: Training on CDM Republic of Korea: Training on Nuclear Safety Republic of Korea: Exchange Study Visits Russia: RE Technology Cooperation USA: Minimum Energy Performance Standard and Testing European Union: ASEAN Energy Management Accreditation Program 25

26 Regional Cooperation - 3 APEC APEC Energy Working Groups Expert Groups on EE and C / RE Energy Performance Standards and Labeling Building Design for EE and Sustainability Peer Review on Energy Efficiency Energy Management Low Carbon Model Town 26

27 Other Multilateral Cooperation BIMSTEC Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) EAST Asia Summit ASEAN plus three ACMECS (Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Mynmar) 27

28 Bilateral Cooperation Thailand Japan: Green Partnership Program Thailand Indonesia: Energy Forum Thailand GTZ: Eco Industry Promotion Thailand Republic of Korea: Green Investment Thailand Israel: Geothermal and PV 28

29 Benefits from Regional Coopeartion Sharing knowledge and experiences Technology Transfer Technical Assistance Capacity Building Facility Improvement Networking 29

30 Committed for All ม งม น ต งใจ เพ อไทยท กคน 30 30

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