Ag in a Bag: Animals and Their Products

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1 Ag in a Bag: Animals and Their Products Objective: 4-Hers will learn about livestock and the products derived from them. Materials: Animal fact cards for each of the animals Pictures of the animals Pictures of different Products Background: Farm animals are an important part in our lives. We eat their meat and use their byproducts. Procedure: Nothing's Healthier... Animal agriculture is a diverse and vitally important component of South Carolina agriculture. From chickens to cows and horses to aquaculture, this industry is huge to our state s overall agricultural economy. Broilers consistently rank as the number one product in terms of cash receipts in our state. Turkey production ranks third and cattle and calves usually ranks fourth or fifth each year in cash receipts with hogs appearing in the top ten many years. Livestock products such as eggs and milk also bring in millions of dollars in cash receipts to our state. In addition, aquaculture provides a bounty of fish and shellfish products. Other livestock include rabbits, ratites (emu, ostrich, and rhea), llamas, sheep, goats, and even bees (which are necessary to pollinate crops). Total livestock receipts are in excess of a billion dollars in some years in South Carolina. Farm animals are an important part of our lives. We eat their meat and use their byproducts. Farmers care for their animals by providing them with food, shelter and water. -Break up into 5 Animal Groups & Review Sounds: Swine-Oink, Oink Poultry-Cluck, Cluck Sheep-Baa Baa Beef-Moo Moo Dairy- Milk Bessy, Milk! - Review animal Fact Sheets for their particular animal. -Bag Animal Products & Read Animal Fact Cards Fill a bag with various types of animal products talked about -Play Animal Game Cut up the various words When animal word is read, 4-Hers respond with animal sound. Developed by Shannon B. Herndon, Clemson Extension Service County Extension Agent, 4-H, Bamberg & Barnwell Counties

2 4-H Ag in A Bag Farm animals are an important part of our lives. We eat their meat and use their byproducts. Farmers care for their animals by providing them with food, shelter and water. Facts about Livestock Beef. The hamburger meat from a single steer will make about 720 quarter-pound hamburger patties-enough to feed a family of four hamburgers every day for nearly 6 months. Products that come from beef include: Steak ground beef roast marshmallows gelatin leather sandpaperfilmlipstickgum glue violin strings insulin Dairy. The average dairy cow will eat 90 pounds of nutritious food a day and drink gallons of water, almost a bathtub full. Products that come from dairy include: Butter yogurt milk cheese Milk chocolate Doritos chips by-products of beef cow Swine. Meat from a pig is called pork One pig could furnish your family with: 20 pounds of bacon 30 pounds of ham 30 pounds of pork chops 80 pounds of other meat Pigs are usually sent to the market when they weigh about 220 pounds. Products from swine include: Bacon ham pork chop Makeup button football matches crayons gum Poultry. Chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese are all called poultry. These birds have similar characteristics such as wings, feathers, feet and limited flying ability. Most chickens lay one egg a day. It takes 21 days for a chicken egg to hatch. Chickens are raised for two purposes: Broilers are raised for meat and Layers are raised to produce eggs. Products from chickens include: Eggs chicken legs chicken soup Mayonnaise salad dressing Cat food feather dusters(duck) Sheep. Sheep are raised for their meat and wool. Lamb is the lowest in cholesterol of all red meats. One mature sheep will produce 8-10 pounds of wool each year. Meat from sheep less than one year old is called lamb. Meat from sheep older than one year is called mutton. Products from sheep include: Wool lambmutton Candle glue lanolin soap leather

3 Animal Game Guilt Pork Farrowing House Bacon Sow Boar Hen Rooster Chicks Incubator Flock Egg Mutton Ewe Lanolin Fleece Shear Ram Heifer Hamburger Leather Feedlot Ruminants Calf Udder Herd Pasteurization Butter Bull Milking Parlor

4 SOUTH CAROLINA AGRICULTURE 2010 U.S. Ranking of South Carolina Commodities Rank: Commodity: 2 nd Peaches - Freestone 3 rd Flue-Cured Tobacco 5 th All Tobacco 6 th Peanuts and Watermelon 7 th Cantaloup 8 th Cucumbers for Pickles and Fresh Market 2010 South Carolina Top Ten Commodity Cash Receipts (Million Dollars) Broilers 750 Turkeys 262 Greenhouse/Floriculture/Nursery 248 Cattle and Calves 130 Corn 129 Soybeans 122 Cotton 115 Peaches 98 Chicken Eggs 86 Tobacco 63 Other Crops (1) 240 Other Livestock (2) 142 State Total (3) 2,385 (1) Peanuts, hay, oats, wheat, sorghum, vegetables, pecans, apples, other fruits and nuts, tea, minor seed crops, miscellaneous field crops, and forest products. (2) Farm chickens, hogs, other poultry, sheep, and wool, goats and goats milk, aquaculture, honey, and beeswax, horses, lambs, and other miscellaneous livestock. (3) Sum of commodities may not add to State total due to rounding. For additional information: Contact Edward Wells, Director, or visit us online at Published by the USDA NASS, South Carolina Field Office, 1835 Assembly Street, Room 1008, Columbia, SC

5 The baby cow is called a calf. A heifer is a female that has not had a calf. The female is called a cow. The male is called a bull. Beef cattle eat grass, hay and grains. They have a stomach with four different sections. Animals with this kind of stomach are called ruminants. There are over 40 breeds of cattle in the United States. Herefords are red and have a white face. They originated in England. Angus is all black or all red. They came from Scotland. When calves are about a year old, they are sent to a feedlot where they are fed grains such as corn, barley, or oats with vitamins and minerals. Beef cattle are raised mostly for meat such as hamburger. Other byproducts from cows are: leather, glue, and gelatin. A cow that produces milk is called a dairy cow. A group of dairy animals is called a herd.

6 A young female dairy animal before she has a baby is called a heifer. A cow must have a calf before she can produce milk. After she has a calf she is called a cow. Modern milking machines can milk about 100 cows an hour. By hand, you can milk about 6 cows an hour. Milk is collected and cooled in a milking parlor. Cows are usually milked twice a day. The milking is done by attaching a milking machine to the cow s udder. Milk is processed in the dairy plant. Pasteurization is the process of heating and cooling the milk to kill bacteria in the milk. Milk is one of the safest foods you can eat. In the dairy plant it is never touched by human hands. Dairy Products include: Milk Yogurt Cheese Butter Ice Cream Female chickens are called hens. Male chickens are called roosters. Chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese are all called poultry. These birds have wings, feathers, feet and limited flying ability.

7 Most chickens lay one egg a day. Eggs can be incubated by the hen sitting on the nest and keeping the eggs warm. A female chicken who has never laid an egg is a pullet. The babies are called chicks. A group of chickens is called a flock. Electric incubators are used to hatch eggs without the hen. It takes about 21 days before the chicks will hatch. There are two types of chickens: Broilers and Layers Broilers are raised for meat. Layers are the chickens raised to produce eggs. Sheep are raised for their meat and wool. Lamb is the lowest in cholesterol of all red meats. Meat from sheep less than 1 year old is called lamb. Meet from sheep older than 1 year is called mutton. The coat of wool the sheep have on their body is known as fleece. Each spring the farmer has the fleece clipped or sheared off the sheep.

8 A female sheep is called ewe. The male is called a ram. A baby sheep is called a lamb. A group of sheep is called a flock. Lanolin is the grease that is on the fleece of the sheep that comes from small oil glands found under the skin. Sheep are like cattle and are ruminants which means they have a stomach with 4 parts. This lets them eat grass, weeds and hay that other animals cannot digest. A female pig before she has babies is called a guilt. A male pig is called a boar. A group of pigs is a herd. Meat from a pig is called Pork. One pig can furnish your family with about: 20 pounds of bacon 30 pounds of ham 30 pounds of pork chops 80 pounds of other meat A substance called pepsin found in the pigs stomach is used in making chewing gum. Chitlins are hog intestines.

9 A female with babies is a sow. A baby is called a pig. A farrowing house is where the sows or gilts give birth to their baby pigs. Pigs do not sweat. They keep their body cool by panting like dogs. The farmer can help keep the pigs cool by using fans and water sprinklers. A pig wallows in the mud to stay cool, not because it is a dirty animal. When given the right living conditions, they will stay clean.

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