Asian Development Bank

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1 March 2012 Asian Development Bank

2 Asian Development Bank SNV Netherlands Development Organization

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21 Inclusive Business and Social Enterprise in Vietnam

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24 Purpose, Methodology and Approach

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29 Key Features of Poverty and Implications for Inclusive Growth

30 Average Annual Change in Poverty in the 2000s at National Poverty Lines Poverty Decrease Poverty Increase Timor-Leste ( ) China ( ) Malaysia ( ) Cambodia ( ) Fiji ( ) Philippines ( ) Indonesia ( ) Lao PDR ( ) Thailand ( ) Vietnam ( ) Source: WDI 2011 Latest available year after 2005 Average annual change in poverty headcount rates (percentage points per year)

31 Poverty Headcount Rate at International Poverty Lines $2 a day (PPP) $1.25 a day (PPP) Timor-Leste 2007 Lao PDR 2008 Cambodia 2007 Philippines 2006 Indonesia 2009 China 2005 Vietnam 2008 Thailand 2009 Mongolia 2008 Malaysia 2009 Source: WDI 2011 Latest available year after % of population below the poverty line

32 Vietnam s Poverty Benchmarks (2008) Vietnam s General Poverty Rate 70% 40% 37% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 29% 20% 16% 15% 11% 10% 5% 0% USD 1.25 poverty line USD 2.00 poverty line USD 3.00 poverty line 0%

33 Case Study 1: Duc Viet Joint Venture Company Limited

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36 Sector Dimensions of Poverty

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39 Case Study 2: Dong A Joint Stock Company (JSC)

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41 III. Macro-Economic Analysis

42 III. Macro-Economic Analysis Macro-economic Background

43 III. Macro-Economic Analysis

44 III. Macro-Economic Analysis Vietnam top export products - YTD June 2011 Vietnam top import products - YTD June ,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 - Footwear Textiles & Garments Fishery Rubber Rice Electronics Coffee Crude Oil 7,000 6,000 5,000 4,000 3,000 2,000 1,000 - Machinery Petroleum Fabric Steel Electronics Textile & Leather Fertilizers Paper

45 III. Macro-Economic Analysis Case Study 3: Nestlé Vietnam Limited

46 III. Macro-Economic Analysis Opportunities and Challenges for Private Sector Development in Vietnam

47 III. Macro-Economic Analysis

48 III. Macro-Economic Analysis 19

49 III. Macro-Economic Analysis Sectoral Distribution of Employment Employed population by Sector in Vietnam 100% 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% Services Manufacturing 4% 16% 6% 11% 49% Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing Manufacturing Wholesale and Retail Trade 40% 30% 20% Mining Agriculture 14% Construction Education and Training 10% 0% Others

50 III. Macro-Economic Analysis

51 III. Macro-Economic Analysis

52 III. Macro-Economic Analysis Sector Growth in Private Sector Efforts with Potential Poverty Impact

53 III. Macro-Economic Analysis

54 III. Macro-Economic Analysis

55 III. Macro-Economic Analysis i) ii) iii)

56 III. Macro-Economic Analysis iv) v)

57 Overview of Inclusive Business in Vietnam

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60 Business Potential for Inclusive Business in Vietnam

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112 58 This calculation is based on 59 companies that were willing to give percent estimations for revenue expectations in 2011.

113 Key Challenges and Risks of Inclusive Business Development in Vietnam

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118 - - - Inclusive Business Accelerator What: Key Offerings The Accelerator will increase economic benefit to the poor, implement inclusive business practices and grow a cohort of new leadership by delivering diverse offerings across three core areas Technical Assistance Technical assistance will leverage core capabilities to both provide opportunities to the BOP and enhance the growth of cohort participants Brokered Resources Brokered resources are key offerings for cohort participants that the Incubator will develop and deliver, largely through external partnerships Leveraged Impact The Accelerator will create leveraged impact by enhancing the public policy environment in which it works and disseminating key learnings to the development community 1 Inclusive Business Advisory Projects 2 Strategy / Management Consulting 4 Coaching 5 Education 6 Access to Capital2 8 Public Policy Support 9 Dissemination 3 Convenings 7 Access to Peer- Network Note: 1: Inclusive Business is a business initiative that contributes both to the bottom line of the company and to the livelihoods of the poor through 1) the inclusion of the poor as suppliers or distributors of goods and services; 2) serving the needs of the poor as consumers; and/or 3) considering the poor as a workforce to propel growth. 2: The Incubator will provide both access to investors through 45 relationships and access to a companion fund assembled to focus on and invest in Inclusive Businesses.

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EXPERT MEETING on. Geneva, 24-25 September 2007. Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam. Ms. Le Hai Van

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