Introduction to EU integrated project TECHNEAU: technologies for safe water supplies

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1 Introduction to EU integrated project : technologies for safe water supplies 21. Berliner Wasserwerkstatt Kolloquium des Kompetenzzentrums Wasser Berlin 28. Januar 2008 Theo van den Hoven KWR Watercycle Research Institute 1

2 GLobal challenges Climate change Barcelona intake July Barcelona intake September Source: Jordi Martín-Alonso (AGBAR) Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

3 Shipping drinking water to Barcelona Summer 2008 Source: Jordi Martín-Alonso (AGBAR) Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

4 Water stress in Europe Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

5 Global Challenges Population growth and urbanisation Billions Less Developed Regions More Developed Regions Source: United Nations, World Population Prospects: The 2004 Revision (medium scenario),. Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

6 Other issues in Eastern Europe Dzeramā ūdens patēriħš, l/dienā uz cilvēku Water consumption l/pc/pd Laiks, gadi HPC (CFU /ml) A water distribution time (h) Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

7 Global Challenges New pollutants in our resources Nano/Bio Ageing population Cultivation of energy crops & biogas production Multi barrier approach needed Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

8 Are our water supplies really safe? More illness among consumers after distribution system works 0,7 % affected yearly!? Berliner Wasserwerkstatt Recent Norwegian study proves significant effect of low pressure events on gastrointestinal illness among residents.for Norway, it was extrapolated that each year 1 out of 140 people is affected. Again an example that suboptimal operation may compromise public health 8

9 Global challenges Climate Change and Energy Urbanisation Emerging pollutants Ageing infrastructure Globalisation More efficiency New technologies Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

10 Rethink current water supply systems, provide improved technologies and practices 19 Mil., Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

11 The team > 100 researchers, 30 institutes Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

12 partners Strong involvement Germany Universities & Research Institutes Technology Providers Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

13 Case studies to stimulate integration and end user involvement Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

14 State-of-the-art reviews Research, operational experience, equipment H O Cl Othe r chlor ine spec ies MT equipment for Small Scale Systems Database oxidation processes Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

15 New water quality detection tools Estrogens Glucocorticoids Progestins Androgens Thyroids Biological detection system for chemical contaminants Molecular detection methods for pathogens automatic feeding and illumination electrodes: e.g. flow, temperature, chlorine measuring computer and software dechlorination Multi-sensor platform/uv probe Low budget fish biomonitoring system Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

16 Water Treatment Technologies - air permeate submerged UF module UV based oxidation O2 retentate Oxidation O 3 UV/H 2 O 2 UV/TiO 2 Biofiltration Biofilm reactor Susp. biomass Memb. Filtr. NF UF MF OBM process Ceramic/polymeric membranes Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

17 NF-membranes do not remove all pollutants Multi-barrier-systems needed R e je c tio n (% ) NF GAC NF-GAC 10 0 T e rb utalin e Salbutam ol P ind o lol P ro pa n olo l A te n olo l Positively charged M e to pro lo l S o ta lo l C lenbuterol Fe n az o n /a nt ipy rin e Am inopyrine C arbam azepine C yclophospham ide P e nt ox y filline Ib u pro fe n C lofibric acid Fe n op ro fe n Gem fibrozil K e to pro fe n Negatively charged D ic lo fe n ac B e zaf ib ra te Arne Verliefde, Ph.D. Thesis, October 2008 Neutral Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

18 River bank filtration Low-cost technology for developing countries Test the perspectives for Delhi Assess the performance in climate and pollution conditions different to Europe Gunnar Lorenzen, Christoph Sprenger Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

19 Work on Small Scale Systems SSS-Task Force Decentralised drinking water supply: POU & small systems Membrane systems MF, UF, NF, RO, ED Wells (without treatment) Water harvesting Boiling* Solar disinfection (heat only)* Solar disinfection (heat + UV)* Chemical disinfection (chlorine)* Coagulation / Filtration / Chlorination* Adsorption UV-LED Membrane and UV based disinfection systems Berliner Wasserwerkstatt Growing need for small scale systems not only in rural areas, also in fast growing urbanised aeas. No time and money for large scale solutions. Smart solutions using local water resources are needed. Example (choice of WHO for developing countries) : Boiling Solar disinfection by the combined action of heat and UV radiation (SODIS) Solar disinfection by heat alone UV disinfection with lamps Chlorination plus storage in appropriate vessel Combined systems on chemical coagulation-filtration and chlorine disinfection 19

20 Improving operational performance of existing systems European Water treatment simulator Enhanced coagulation Bjørnar Eikebrokk Discoloured water Jan Vreeburg Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

21 Toolbox to support implementation of Water Safety Plans (WSP) Framework for Safe Drinking-Water WSP toolbox Health Based Targets Water Safety Plans Water Quantity Targets Independent Surveillance Hazard database Risk assessment methods System Assessment Operational Monitoring Management plans, Documentation and communication Best practices Risk reduction options In cooperation with IWA Bonn Network Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

22 Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

23 Acknowledgement colleagues PAC: Peter Wilderer (Eur. Ac. Sci.&Art.), Keith Robertson (IWA), Riku Vahala (EUREAU), Frans Schulting (GWRC) EC: Panagiotis Balabanis (DG Research) Co-funded by EC under FP6 Sustainable Development, Global Change and Ecosystems, contract-no Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

24 Thanks Berliner Wasserwerkstatt

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