# Curriculum Map Statistics and Probability Honors (348) Saugus High School Saugus Public Schools

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1 Curriculum Map Statistics and Probability Honors (348) Saugus High School Saugus Public Schools

2 Week 1 Week Students organize and describe distributions of data by using a number of different methods, including frequency tables, histograms, standard line graphs and bar graphs, stem-and-leaf displays, scatterplots, and box-and-whisker plots. UNIT ONE Introduction to Statistics 1. Overview of Statistical Concepts 2. The Nature of Data 3. Statistics (Uses and Abuses) 4. Design of Experiments 1. To understand what is statistics studies. 2. To understand how to design an experiment. What is important in designing an experiment? 14.0 Students organize and describe distributions of data by using a number of different methods, including frequency tables, histograms, standard line graphs and bar graphs, stem-and-leaf displays, scatterplots, and box-and-whisker plots. UNIT TWO Working with Data 1. Overview of Data Concepts 2. Summarizing Data with Frequency Tables 3. Pictures of Data 4. Measures of Center 1. To be able to display data in a variety of graphs and pictures. 2. To work with data using frequency tables. What are some of the most useful graph of data display? 1. Chapter One lessons 2. Chapter One exercises 1. Chapter Two lessons 2. Chapter Two exercises Test: On the concepts involving the Introduction to Statistics.

3 Week 3 Week Students organize and describe distributions of data by using a number of different methods, including frequency tables, histograms, standard line graphs and bar graphs, stem-and-leaf displays, scatterplots, and box-and-whisker plots. 6.0 Students know the definition of the variance of a discrete random variable and can determine the variance for a particular discrete random variable. 1. Measure of Variation 2. Measures of Position 3. Exploratory Data Analysis UNIT TWO Working with Data 1. To understand the empirical rule. 2. To understand variation. 3. To understand position of data. What is standard deviation and how do you find the percentile ranking? 1.0 Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 2.0 Students know the definition of conditional probability and use it to solve for probabilities in finite sample spaces. UNIT THREE Probability 1. Introduction to Probability Concepts 2. Fundamentals of Probability 3. Addition Rule 4. Basic Multiplication Rules 1. To work with basic rules of probability. 2. To understand how to make inference about the population based on probability. How do you use probability to infer about the population? 1. Chapter Two lessons 2. Chapter Two exercises 4. Internet Resources 1. Chapter Three lessons 2. Chapter Three exercises Test: On the concepts involving Working with Data.

4 Week 5 Week Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 2.0 Students know the definition of conditional probability and use it to solve for probabilities in finite sample spaces. UNIT THREE Probability 1.0 Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 2.0 Students know the definition of conditional probability and use it to solve for probabilities in finite sample spaces. 3.0 Students demonstrate an understanding of the notion of discrete random variables by using this concept to solve for the probabilities of outcomes, such as the probability of the occurrence of five or fewer heads in 14 coin tosses. UNIT FOUR Probability Distributions 1. Multiplication Rule of Complements 2. Multiplication Rule Using Condition Probability 3. Counting Rules 1. To understand different rules of probability. 2. To understand the counting concept. 3. To be able to use probability with these rules. What is important about permutation, combination, tree diagrams and other methods of counting? 1. Introduction to Probability Distributions 2. Random Variables 3. Binomial Probability Distributions 1. To understand binomial 2. To work with rules of binomial What is binomial distribution? 1. Chapter Three lessons 2. Chapter Three exercises 1. Chapter Four lessons 2. Chapter Four exercises Test: On the concepts involving Probability.

5 Week 7 Week Students demonstrate an understanding of the notion of discrete random variables by using this concept to solve for the probabilities of outcomes, such as the probability of the occurrence of five or fewer heads in 14 coin tosses. 5.0 Students know the definition of the mean of a discrete random variable and can determine the mean for a particular discrete random variable 7.0 Students demonstrate an understanding of the standard distributions (normal, binomial, and exponential) and can use the distributions to solve for events in problems in which the distribution belongs to those families Students know the definitions of the mean, median, and mode of distribution of data and can compute each of them in particular situations. UNIT FOUR Probability Distributions 1. Mean for Binomial Distribution 2. Variance for Binomial Distribution 3. Standard Deviation for Binomial Distribution 1. To understand the mean for binomial 2. To understand variance for binomial 3. To understand standard deviation for binomial How do you use binomial distribution to infer about the population? 2.0 Students know the definition of conditional probability and use it to solve for probabilities in finite sample spaces. 4.0 Students understand the notion of a continuous random variable and can interpret the probability of an outcome as the area of a region under the graph of the probability density function associated with the random variable. 7.0 Students demonstrate an understanding of the standard distributions (normal, binomial, and exponential) and can use the distributions to solve for events in problems in which the distribution belongs to those families. UNIT FIVE Normal Probability Distributions 1. Introduction to Normal Probability Distributions 2. The Standard Normal Distribution 3. Finding Probabilities with Normal Distributions 1. To understand normal 2. To understand probabilities associated with normal What is meant by normal distribution? 1. Chapter Four lessons 2. Chapter Four exercises 4. Internet Resources 1. Chapter Five lessons 2. Chapter Five exercises Test: On the concepts involving Probability Distributions.

6 Week 9 Week Students demonstrate an understanding of the standard distributions (normal, binomial, and exponential) and can use the distributions to solve for events in problems in which the distribution belongs to those families. 9.0 Students know the central limit theorem and can use it to obtain approximations for probabilities in problems of finite sample spaces in which the probabilities are distributed binomially. UNIT FIVE Normal Probability Distributions 1. Finding Values with Normal Distributions 2. The Central Limit Theorem 1. To understand the central limit theorem. 2. To understand its connection to normal distribution What is the central limit theorem? 7.0 Students demonstrate an understanding of the standard distributions (normal, binomial, and exponential) and can use the distributions to solve for events in problems in which the distribution belongs to those families. 9.0 Students know the central limit theorem and can use it to obtain approximations for probabilities in problems of finite sample spaces in which the probabilities are distributed binomially. UNIT FIVE Normal Probability Distributions 1. Normal Distribution as an Approximation to Binomial Distribution 2. Review of Normal Probability Distributions 1. To understand the approximation of binomial to a normal 2. To understand normal distributions. How do you approximate binomial distribution to normal distribution? 1. Chapter Five lessons 2. Chapter Five exercises 1. Chapter Five lessons 2. Chapter Five exercises Test: On the concepts involving Normal Probability Distributions.

7 Week 11 Week Students compute the variance and the standard deviation of a distribution of data Students are familiar with the notions of a statistic of a distribution of values, of the sampling distribution of a statistic, and of the variability of a statistic. UNIT SIX Estimates and Sample Sizes 1. Introduction to Estimates and Sample Sizes 2. Estimating a Population Mean: Large Samples 1. To work with large samples of data. 2. To estimate mean of the population from large samples. How do you estimate µ from large samples? 11.0 Students compute the variance and the standard deviation of a distribution of data Students are familiar with the notions of a statistic of a distribution of values, of the sampling distribution of a statistic, and of the variability of a statistic. UNIT SIX Estimates and Sample Sizes 1. Estimating a Population Mean: Small Samples 2. Determining Sample Size Required to Estimate µ 1. To understand how to estimate µ from small samples. 2. To determine the sample size required to estimate µ. How do you decide what is a proper sample size to estimate µ? 1. Chapter Six lessons 2. Chapter Six exercises 1. Chapter Six lessons 2. Chapter Six exercises

8 Week 13 Week Students compute the variance and the standard deviation of a distribution of data Students determine the P-value for a statistic for a simple random sample from a normal 15.0 Students are familiar with the notions of a statistic of a distribution of values, of the sampling distribution of a statistic, and of the variability of a statistic Students determine the P-value for a statistic for a simple random sample from a normal 1. Estimating a Population Proportion 2. Estimating a Population Variance UNIT SIX Estimates and Sample Sizes UNIT SEVEN Hypothesis Testing 1. Introduction to Hypothesis Testing 2. Fundamentals of Hypothesis Testing 1. To understand how to estimate the population proportion. 2. To understand how to estimate the population variance. How do you estimate properly the population proportion and variance? 1. To understand why testing is necessary. 2. To understand hypothesis testing. What is the hypothesis testing? 1. Chapter Six lessons 2. Chapter Six exercises 1. Chapter Seven lessons 2. Chapter Seven exercises Test: On the concepts involving estimates and Sample Size.

10 Week 17 Week Students compute the variance and the standard deviation of a distribution of data Students determine confidence intervals for a simple random sample from a normal distribution of data and determine the sample size required for a desired margin of error Students determine the P-value for a statistic for a simple random sample from a normal UNIT EIGHT Inferences from Two Samples 1. Introduction to Inferences from Two Samples 2. Inferences About Two Samples 3. Inferences About Two Samples Independent and Large Samples 1. To understand what makes two samples independent. 2. To understand inference about two means that are independent and from large samples. How do we infer about the population given two samples that are independent and large? 11.0 Students compute the variance and the standard deviation of a distribution of data Students determine confidence intervals for a simple random sample from a normal distribution of data and determine the sample size required for a desired margin of error Students determine the P-value for a statistic for a simple random sample from a normal 1. Inferences About Two Means 2. Inferences About Matched Pairs UNIT EIGHT Inferences from Two Samples 1. To understand what makes two samples matched pairs. 2. To understand inference about two means if they are matched pairs. What are matched pairs and how do we use them to infer about the population? 1. Chapter Eight lessons 2. Chapter Eight exercises 1. Chapter Eight lessons 2. Chapter Eight exercises

11 Week 19 Week Students compute the variance and the standard deviation of a distribution of data Students determine the P-value for a statistic for a simple random sample from a normal 1. Inferences About Two Proportions 2. Review of Inferences UNIT EIGHT Inferences from Two Samples 13.0 Students know what the correlation coefficient of two variables means and are familiar with the coefficient s properties. UNIT NINE Correlation and Regression 1. Introduction and Overview of Correlation and Regression 2. Correlation 1. To understand inference about two proportions. 2. To review all concepts involving inference. How do we predict proportions for the population given two proportions from two different samples? 1. To understand correlation. 2. To understand to plot data. 3. To be able to read a scatter plot. What is correlation? 1. Chapter Eight lessons 2. Chapter Eight exercises 1. Chapter Nine lessons 2. Chapter Nine exercises Test: On the concepts involving Inferences from Two Samples.

12 Week 21 Week Students know the definition of the variance of a discrete random variable and can determine the variance for a particular discrete random variable Students find the line of best fit to a given distribution of data by using least squares regression. UNIT NINE Correlation and Regression 8.0 Students determine the mean and the standard deviation of a normally distributed random variable Students are familiar with the notions of a statistic of a distribution of values, of the sampling distribution of a statistic, and of the variability of a statistic. UNIT NINE Correlation and Regression 1. Regression 2. Linear Regression 3. Quadratic Regression 4. Exponential Regression 1. To understand the concept of regression. 2. To intercept a scatter plot by matching the correct function to the correlation. How do we fit the correct function a given scatter plot? 1. Variations and Prediction Intervals 2. Rank Correlation 3. Percentiles 4. Deciles 1. To understand variation. 2. To understand prediction intervals. 3. To understand rank correlation. 4. To work with percentiles and deciles. What is the importance of rank correlation? 1. Chapter Nine lessons 2. Chapter Nine exercises 1. Chapter Nine lessons 2. Chapter Nine exercises Test: On the concepts involving Correlation and Regression.

13 Week 23 Week Students are familiar with the chi-square distribution and chi-square test and understand their uses Students are familiar with the chi-square distribution and chi-square test and understand their uses. UNIT TEN Chi-Square and Analysis of Variance 1. Introduction and Overview of Chi-Square Analysis of Variance 2. Multinomial Experiments: Goodness-of-Fit 1. To understand Chi-square 2. To understand the goodness-of-fit. 3. To understand the degrees of freedom for Chi-square What is Chi-squared distribution and what is meant by goodness-of-fit? UNIT TEN Chi-Square and Analysis of Variance 1. Contingency Tables 2. Independence and Homogeneity 3. Two-Way Frequency Tables 4. Test for Independence 1. To understand Chi-square distribution for contingency tables. 2. To understand homogeneity and independence. What is contingency tables and how to we test for independence and homogeneity? 1. Chapter Ten lessons 2. Chapter Ten exercises 1. Chapter Ten lessons 2. Chapter Ten exercises

14 Week 25 Week Students are familiar with the chi-square distribution and chi-square test and understand their uses. 1.0 Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 1. Analysis of Variance 2. Test of Homogeneity 3. Degrees of Freedom UNIT TEN Chi-Square and Analysis of Variance 1. To be able to analysis variance. 2. To understand when a collected data set is homogeneous. How do we analyze variance? 1. Theoretical Probability 2. Fundamental Counting Principle 3. Sample Space and Events UNIT ELEVEN Introduction to Probability 1. To find the theoretical probability of an event. 2. To apply the Fundamental Counting Principle. How do you use the Fundamental Counting Principle to find theoretical probability? 1. Chapter Ten lessons 2. Chapter Ten exercises 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators Test: On the concepts involving Chi-Square and Analysis of Variance.

15 Week 27 Week Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 1. Permutations 2. Combinations UNIT ELEVEN Introduction to Probability 1. To solve problems involving linear permutations of distinct objects. 2. To solve problems involving linear permutations of indistinguishable objects. 3. To solve problems involving linear combinations of distinct objects. 4. To solve problems involving linear combinations of indistinguishable objects. How do you distinguish whether a particular problem is a combination or permutation model? 1.0 Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 2.0 Students know the definition of conditional probability and use it to solve for probabilities in finite sample spaces. UNIT ELEVEN Introduction to Probability 1. Using Addition with Probability 2. Independent Events 3. Dependent Events 4. Conditional Probability 1. To understand how to use the addition property with probability. 2. To determine whether an event is dependent or independent. 3. To find probability with a given condition. How do you calculate probability for dependent and independent events, including conditional probability? 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators

16 Week 29 Week Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 2.0 Students know the definition of conditional probability and use it to solve for probabilities in finite sample spaces. 1.0 Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. UNIT ELEVEN Introduction to Probability 1. Dependent Events 2. Conditional Probability 3. Experimental Probability and Simulation 1. To find probability with a given condition. 2. To distinguish between experimental and theoretical probability. How do you use simulation to prove an experimental probability? UNIT TWELVE Pascal s Triangle 1. Introduction to Pascal s Triangle 2. Probability Associated with Pascal s Triangle 1. To understand the makeup of Pascal s Triangle. 2. To understand how to use Pascal s Triangle to calculate probabilities. How do you use Pascal s Triangle to find probabilities? 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators Test: On the concepts involving the Introduction to Probability.

17 Week 31 Week Students solve probability problems with finite sample spaces by using the rules for addition, multiplication, and complementation for probability distributions and understand the simplifications that arise with independent events. 7.0 Students demonstrate an understanding of the standard distributions (normal, binomial, and exponential) and can use the distributions to solve for events in problems in which the distribution belongs to those families. UNIT TWELVE Pascal s Triangle 1. Finding Entries in Pascal s Triangle 2. Combination Associated with Pascal s Triangle 3. Probabilities Associated with Pascal s Triangle 1. To understand how to find combinations of an event in Pascal s Triangle. 2. To locate any entry in Pascal s Triangle. How do entries in Pascal s Triangle relate to combinations of an event? UNIT THIRTEEN Binomial Theorem 1. Calculating Probabilities Using the Binomial Theorem n 2. Expand ( x + y) using Binomial Theorem 1. To understand to use the Binomial Theorem to calculate probability. 2. To expand binomials using the Binomial Theorem. How is the Binomial Theorem helpful in calculating a probability? 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators Test: On the concepts involving Pascal s Triangle. Test: On the concepts involving the Binomial Theorem.

18 Week 33 Week Students organize and describe distributions of data by using a number of different methods, including frequency tables, histograms, standard line graphs and bar graphs, stem-and-leaf displays, scatterplots, and box-and-whisker plots. 1. Winning the Lottery 2. Matching Birthday 3. Accidental Death UNIT FOURTEEN Probability in the Real World 1. To use probability to determine the likelihood of an event in a real world model. 2. To calculate the probability of a real world event occurring in theory. How do you use probability to calculate outcomes of real world problems? 14.0 Students organize and describe distributions of data by using a number of different methods, including frequency tables, histograms, standard line graphs and bar graphs, stemand-leaf displays, scatterplots, and box-and-whisker plots. 1. Game Theory 2. Probability of Wining in A Game 3. Election Theory UNIT FOURTEEN Probability in the Real World 1. To use probability as it relates to game theory. 2. To use probability as it relates to election theory. How does a casino make money without the fear of losing their principle? 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators 1. Teacher Made lessons 2. Teacher Made activities 3. Holt Algebra Chapters 10 and Discrete Mathematics Through Applications Internet Activities 3. TI-nspire Graphing Calculators Test: On the concepts involving Probability in the Real World.

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