ap Observing System (FOOS)

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1 SSD-Pesca: the Fisheries es Oceanography ap Observing System (FOOS) Bernardo Patti CNR-IAMC, Capo Granitola, Campobello di Mazara (TP), Italy

2 The fishing Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) is a satellite-based monitoring system which at regular intervals provides data to the fisheries authorities on the location, course and speed of vessels. VMSs are intended principally p for fisheries management, though important applications also include safety and enforcement. Among the objectives of the CNR national project SSD-Pesca and of the RITMARE Flagship Programme ( The Italian research for the sea ) is the development of an enhanced VMS, to be used for scientific research and improved fish stock assessment. The system was given the name FOOS (Fisheries Oceanography Observing System). This presentation aims at giving a short overview of the features of the FOOS, indicating their possible role in support to the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries management and to Operative Oceanography.

3 The idea of Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) is not new

4 however, VMS is increasing in importance due to the enforcement of EC regulations: The EU system for fisheries controls is based on the compulsory VMS tracking for all the larger boats. The EU legislation requires that all coastal EU countries should set up systems that are compatible with each other. EU funding is available for Member States to acquire state-of-the-art equipment and to train their people to use it. Legislation: Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 of 20 November 2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy. Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 404/2011 of 8 April 2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the Common Fisheries Policy

5 AsfarasconcernstheMedSea,in particular, GFCM recently organized two events dedicateddi d to VMSs.

6 SSD-PESCA Decision support system for sustainable management of fisheries in the southern regions of Italy Italian CNR project on fisheries Start: July, 1 st 2011 Duration: 3 years Budget: about 3 mln Study areas: Strait of Sicily, Southern Adriatic

7 SSD-PESCA Decision support system for sustainable management of fisheries in the southern regions of Italy General objectives: to study the dynamics of fishing resources, in terms of abundance, demography and spatial distribution, depending on environmental conditions (water column and bottom biocenoses) and of the sampling carried out; provide knowledge to the industry to optimize the processes of capture, reducing negative environmental impacts and improving the economic performance of fisheries; provide technical and scientific ifi support to the management (Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Forestry Departments counterparts in the southern regions) and supervisory control (Harbour) for efficient management of fishing effort and in particular fisheries in general.

8 SSD-PESCA Decision support system for sustainable management of fisheries in the southern regions of Italy Specific objective of WP3: Design, development, implementation and testing of interactive VMS devices for the collection and transmission/reception of environmental and fisheries data, to be installed on board of fishing vessels, integrating the functionality of previously developed systems, namely the F.O.S. (Fishery Observing System) by CNR-ISMAR for the small pelagic fisheries in the Adriatic Sea and the Kit-ICT by CNR-IAMC for the demersal pan-mediterranean bottom trawlers. The new device under development was named F.O.O.S. (Fisheries Oceanography Observing System)

9 FISHERY OBSERVING SYSTEM: Electronic logbook with touch screen and GPS antenna connected (A); software for the input of species, quantity and size of fish, discards (B); sensor T/P (C), attached on the fishing net (D).

10 SSD-Pesca: the Fisheries Oceanography Observing System (FOOS) Geo--referenced Catch data, associated to Geo temperature and depth Northern--Central Adriatic Sea Database Northern m ismar cnr it

11 Integration of collected data CPUE estimates for sardine in the Adriatic Sea (Falco et al. 2007) CPUE = Catch per Unit Effort

12 COMMUNICATION SATELLITE CHANNEL SATELLITE IMAGES/DATA FISHING VESSELS EQUIPPED WITH ICT-KIT MULTIPARAMETRIC BUOYS DATA CENTER CNR-IAMC - U.O.S. CAPO GRANITOLA

13 COMMUNICATION SATELLITE CHANNEL SATELLITE IMAGES/DATA ICT KIT ICT-KIT FISHING VESSELS EQUIPPED WITH ICT-KIT MULTIPARAMETRIC BUOYS OTHER RESEARCH SENSORS GPS RPM ENGINE ECHOSOUNDER ECG TEMPERATURE ANEMOMETER DATA CENTER SENSOR IAMC-CNR-IAMC - U.O. CAPO GRANITOLA

14 SSD-Pesca: the Fisheries Oceanography Observing System (FOOS) Installation aboard FV Aristeus (Mazara del Vallo bottom trawl fishery)

15 Navigation and Meteo parameters

16 Sea Surface Temperature (SST)

17 Sea Surface Temperature gradient

18 Sea surface current

19 Wave height

20 webgis application

21 Current development elopment : A) Geographical extension: Tracking of fishing vessels ( ) 2008) :

22 Current development: A) Technological: Use of new generation sensors able to collect various environmental parameters relating to the water column (temperature, pressure, conductivity and fluorescence) and to transmit them to the modular system at the end of each single fishing haul The system is designed in such a way as to allow info uploading to the data center via a GPRS/UMTS module or by a satellite connection.

23 DATA TRANSMISSION Control PC

24 SENSORS NKE probes Radio link STAR ODDI (delayed time) Control PC RS 232 after changes commissioned to NKE (cable connection) Other sensors

25 WEATHER DATA AIRMAR PB200 Weather station Control PC Real time data

26 MAPS Satellite maps forecasts Control PC

27 DATA CENTER Setup/updating Vessel 1 Data flow Vessel 2 Data flow Vessel n Data flow System Administrators

28 DATA CENTER Generic user Fisherman user Stakeholder user Researcher user

29

30 RITMARE Programme The Italian research for the sea National programme of scientific and technological research for the sea. Start: January 2012 Total budget: 250 mln Duration: 5 years Sub-project 2 on Technologies for sustainable fisheries budget: 26 mln Objective: Research and development of advanced technologies for the management of fishery resources in the perspective of sustainable fishing and safety at sea SP2-WP1: Strumenti per l'implementazione di approccio ecosistemico alla pesca ed acquacoltura sostenibile. Developing of instrumentation in support to fisheries management (including FOOS)

31 Poster: Development of an Autonomous Underwater Data Acquisition System for Physical and Chemical Parameters (AUDAS- PCP)

32 CONCLUSIONS The data acquired by the FOOS installed on board of different kinds of fishing boats, as well as providing a valuable framework for navigation and in-situ weather conditions, can give useful information on fishing effort distribution patterns, to the aims of improving the management of marine resources. Specifically, the acquisition of geo-referenced catch data allows the estimation of catch per unit effort (CPUE) that can be put in relation to oceanographic data collected during the same fishery operation, in order to better understand relationships between environmental conditions and the distribution of the target fish species. Furthermore, the collection of environmental information may contribute tib t to data assimilation of meteorological and oceanographic models, in order to increase accuracy in forecasts.

33 Thank you for your attention!

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