CTD Oceanographic Tags

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "CTD Oceanographic Tags"

Transcription

1 CTD Oceanographic Tags The first telemetry tag that links a marine mammal s behavior with its physical environment. Features: Oceanographic quality temperature & salinity profiles Detailed individual dive and haulout data. Near real-time data relay Up to 50,000 full length Argos data transmissions Option to forward CTD readings direct to Argos GTS Introduction Developed originally for the southern elephant seal, the CTD Oceanographic tag provides an essential tool to allow researches to better understand the behavioral characteristics of sea mammals in relation to the environment in which they live. This is realised through the combined monitoring of the mammal s detailed dive and haulout information with the key oceanographic parameters, temperature and salinity. Intrinsic to the tag is a miniaturised CTD sensor capable of measurements that compare favorably with standard oceanographic tools. Coupled with effective data sampling and compression techniques, detailed and accurate temperature and salinity profiles are generated and relayed back in near real-time for analysis.

2 Physical Characteristics Housing: Standard Sensors: Telemetry: Longevity: Shelf Life: Dimensions (max): Mass: Solid epoxy body, rated to 2000m Pressure: o Range: dBar. o Accuracy: 2dBar, ± ( %*reading)/ºK o Resolution: 0.05dBar Temperature: o Range: -5 º to 35 ºC o Accuracy: ± ºC o Resolution: ºC Conductivity: o Range: 0 to 80mS/cm o Accuracy: ± 0.01mS/cm o Resolution: 0.002mS/cm ARGOS Satellite System Up to 1 year with 50,000 ARGOS transmissions more than 5 years (in standby) 120mm x 85mm x 60mm - (excluding antenna) ~ 600g Conductivity (salinity) sensor Pressure sensor (not visible) Argos antenna Battery Temperature sensor

3 Tag Operation Our focus is on answering scientific questions and we are always prepared to consider software adjustments to meet a particular need. Most of the key parameters that control the tag s behavior may be readily changed. For illustration we show [in square brackets] the default values. Location Location is obtained as a by-product of the transmission of data through the ARGOS satellite system. CTD tags typically generate about locations per day at mid to high latitudes. Data Sampling Samples of depth are recorded every [4] seconds. Each tag contains its own specific calibration information, which allows it to immediately convert its sensor readings into real-world units (e.g. metres, ms/cm). Depth is automatically reset to zero whenever the wet-dry sensor detects the surface. Behavioral States The tag continually monitors the sensor data it is collecting and maintains a three-state model of the animal s activity, determined from surface sensor/depth sensor/ time interactions. For example: As the tag monitors transitions from one state to another, it constructs data records of several complementary types and prepares them for transmission.

4 Behavioral Data Types Dive Record Dive records are constructed at the end of each dive. When a dive begins, all the samples are accumulated at until the end of the dive is detected, creating a full-resolution dive profile. The tag then calculates the [4] internal points in the profile that give the best fit to the entire profile. Dives are transmitted in groups of consecutive dives Haulout Record Haulout records contain the start- and end-times of unbroken periods spent in the Hauled Out state. These records require only a few bits to transmit but can account for long periods of the total data record. Summary Record One summary record is constructed for every [6] hour period. It contains summary statistics such as the number of dives; the proportion of time spent in each of the three states; mean, maximum and standard deviation of maximum dive depth; mean, maximum and standard deviation of dive duration. The length of the period may be set to 3, 4, 6, 12 or 24 hours, depending upon the species and particular research interest. Summary records are relatively compact to transmit, and it is normally possible to achieve an almost unbroken coverage. This provides a good feel for the overall behavior of the animal, against which more detailed data about individual dives can be set.

5 Temperature and Conductivity Cast Records The tag uses an adaptive technique to choose [2] of the deepest dives to represent each [4] hour period. Temperature and conductivity samples are collected at [1] second intervals during the ascent phase of the chosen dives. This corresponds to approximately one sample per metre depth for most animals. Filtering and compensation for sensor time-constants is performed on board to provide the highest quality calculation of salinity. Temperature and Salinity profiles are compressed for transmission by choosing a combination of standard depths and best-fit points selected by the broken-stick method. The result is a set of [20] temperature-depth-salinity triples. Power Budgeting The power required for basic sampling and calculations is very small compared to transmissions and CTD measurements. The lifetime of the tag is therefore controlled by restricting the number of transmissions and CTD measurements attempted. Transmission targets may be set at several dates, specifying the maximum number of transmissions that should be made by that time. The tag continuously reviews the number of transmissions to be made each day to keep itself on track to meet the next limit. There is a complex trade-off between the number of CTD casts collected and the energy remaining to transmit them. We use a probabilistic model to choose a collection rate that maximizes the expected number of profiles received over the deployment.

6 The Instrumentation Group The Instrumentation Group within the Sea Mammal Research Unit is made up of biologists, software and hardware engineers who work together at all levels - from the biological objectives of the study through to formulating hardware and software responses to scientific and management questions. We have produced a number of important innovations in this field. Because we see our main role as furthering advances in knowledge, we try to make these innovations available to a wider community as quickly as possible. As a non-profit organization, we consider those who use our equipment as "collaborators" rather than "customers" and work with them to help tune the technological approach to their particular questions and to use our experience to help interpret the data. We design and build equipment. Working with the user, we create data collection software, we decode and archive the data and make it available for distribution. We also provide a basic data visualization tool (MamVisAD) to help visualize the data. When investigators think it is helpful, we can play a role in helping with analysis. We place an extremely high value on feedback on how devices are deployed, how effective they are thought to be and on suggestions for changes. This feedback is crucial in fostering new developments and approaches.

7 Example Data SEaOS Programme The southern ocean is a remote and dynamic system that strongly affects global ocean circulation and climate. Oceanographers consider it under-sampled but critically important. Data collected by the seals are being incorporated into global ocean databases and have significantly augmented that collected by more conventional means. The figures below show historical and contemporary conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) profiles collected throughout the Southern Ocean. Data lodged in the World Ocean Database 2001 (WOD01) have been dramatically augmented by Argo float data collected since 2001, especially in the region north of 60 S. South of this latitude, ship-board sampling is hampered by ice and weather conditions, especially in the Austral winter, and Argo floats do not operate effectively within the packice. In 2003/04 and 2004/05, the SEaOS partners tracked Southern elephant seals from Macquarie, Kerguelen, South Georgia and the Antarctic Peninsula throughout their winter migrations between moulting and breeding. ( During these long foraging trips the seals ranged widely across the entire Southern Ocean, collectively circling the globe. Each animal relayed salinity & temperature profiles each day for on average 160 days, sampling along and across the main circum-antarctic fronts and water masses. Their choice of foraging areas also led to long temporal series from the marginal ice zone and even deep within it. Oceanographic temperature and salinity data collected by the seals has contributed enormous amounts of data from places and seasons which have previously been extremely data sparse, while providing new insights into how this species utilizes their deep ocean environment.

8 This figure shows tracks of eight southern elephant seals during their outward migration from Kerguelen towards the Antarctic. The directional tracks across the major frontal systems within the Antarctic Circumpolar Circulation system provide simultaneous records of salinity and temperature across the Indian Ocean sector of the Southern Ocean. These data would previously only have been available using the same number of research vessels, at extremely high cost. The following figure, representing the outward migration of Aspasia, a seal from South Georgia, shows how information gathered from the CTD tag can be used to explain how the physical environment affects the movements of southern elephant seals. The water temperature (shown as a coloured curtain) suggests she made a sharp left-hand turn as she intercepted the Polar Front, as indicated by the disappearance of the cold remnants of winter water around 200 meters depth. She then proceeded to follow this front towards the Antarctic Peninsula.

Sea Mammal Research Unit. GPS Phone Tags. www.smru.st-and.ac.uk. Introduction. University of St Andrews. e-mail: telemetry@st-and.ac.

Sea Mammal Research Unit. GPS Phone Tags. www.smru.st-and.ac.uk. Introduction. University of St Andrews. e-mail: telemetry@st-and.ac. GPS Phone Tags A major advance in marine mammal telemetry, featuring: GPS quality locations Detailed individual dive and haulout data Efficient and cheap data relay via mobile phone GSM Introduction The

More information

SPOT5 User Guide 30 November 2015

SPOT5 User Guide 30 November 2015 SPOT5 User Guide 30 November 2015 About this Guide... 3 Before you begin... 3 Anatomy of a tag... 3 Interacting with a Tag... 4 Tag Agent... 4 Stop, Auto Start, and Start... 4 Magnet... 5 SPOT5 Configuration

More information

Data Management Handbook

Data Management Handbook Data Management Handbook Last updated: December, 2002 Argo Data Management Handbook 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION...4 2. GLOBAL DATA FLOW...5 3. RESPONSIBILITIES...6 3.1. NATIONAL CENTRES:...6 3.2.

More information

Please find our final report for the Elephant Seals Research project below.

Please find our final report for the Elephant Seals Research project below. 21 September 2011 Ms Theresa Fyffe Great Barrier Reef Foundation Research Portfolio Manager 9 Longland Street Newstead Australia PO Box 2725 Fortitude Valley BC Qld 4006 Dear Theresa: Please find our final

More information

ICES Guidelines for Profiling Float Data (Compiled January 2001; revised April 2006)

ICES Guidelines for Profiling Float Data (Compiled January 2001; revised April 2006) ICES Guidelines for Profiling Float Data (Compiled January 2001; revised April 2006) Profiling floats are neutrally buoyant devices that periodically surface to transmit data to a satellite system. The

More information

12 Mar, ARGOS s

12 Mar, ARGOS  s 12 Mar, 2001 ARGOS Emails Profiling floats, once surfaced, continually transmit its profile data to satellites passing overhead until its next descent. A particular profile data set can contain 12 messages

More information

Coriolis, a French project for operational oceanography

Coriolis, a French project for operational oceanography Coriolis, a French project for operational oceanography S Pouliquen *1,T Carval *1,L Petit de la Villéon *1, L Gourmelen *2, Y Gouriou *3 1 Ifremer Brest France 2 Shom Brest France 3 IRD Brest France Abstract

More information

UNITED KINGDOM CONTRIBUTION TO ARGO

UNITED KINGDOM CONTRIBUTION TO ARGO UNITED KINGDOM CONTRIBUTION TO ARGO REPORT FOR ARGO SCIENCE TEAM 6 TH MEETING, MARCH 2004 The UK's contribution to Argo is being funded by the Department of the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra),

More information

A deep Argo pilot experiment in the Australian Antarctic Basin. Steve Rintoul

A deep Argo pilot experiment in the Australian Antarctic Basin. Steve Rintoul A deep Argo pilot experiment in the Australian Antarctic Basin Steve Rintoul (steve.rintoul@csiro.au) Outline 1. Why the Australian Antarctic Basin? 2. Evidence for change and variability in the deep layers

More information

Temporal variation in snow cover over sea ice in Antarctica using AMSR-E data product

Temporal variation in snow cover over sea ice in Antarctica using AMSR-E data product Temporal variation in snow cover over sea ice in Antarctica using AMSR-E data product Michael J. Lewis Ph.D. Student, Department of Earth and Environmental Science University of Texas at San Antonio ABSTRACT

More information

Estimating Firn Emissivity, from 1994 to1998, at the Ski Hi Automatic Weather Station on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Using Passive Microwave Data

Estimating Firn Emissivity, from 1994 to1998, at the Ski Hi Automatic Weather Station on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Using Passive Microwave Data Estimating Firn Emissivity, from 1994 to1998, at the Ski Hi Automatic Weather Station on the West Antarctic Ice Sheet Using Passive Microwave Data Mentor: Dr. Malcolm LeCompte Elizabeth City State University

More information

Deep Argo Development Cruise R/V Tangaroa June 2014

Deep Argo Development Cruise R/V Tangaroa June 2014 Deep Argo Development Cruise R/V Tangaroa June 2014 Stephen Piotrowicz 1, Philip Sutton 4, Denise Fernandez 4, Shelley Hersey 3, Carol Janzen 6, Norge Larson 6, David Murphy 6, Peter Sommerville 3, Esmee

More information

Antarctic Surface Temperature Comparison Study On Satellite Approximations and Land-Based Measurements

Antarctic Surface Temperature Comparison Study On Satellite Approximations and Land-Based Measurements Antarctic Surface Temperature Comparison Study On Satellite Approximations and Land-Based Measurements Jesse Docken Department of Computer Sciences Augsburg College Minneapolis, MN 55454 dockenj@augsburg.edu

More information

Satellite Pursuit: Tracking Marine Mammals

Satellite Pursuit: Tracking Marine Mammals : Tracking Marine Mammals Material adapted from: Monterey Bay Research Institute, EARTH: Satellite Tracking OPB NOVA Teachers: Ocean Animal Emergency Teach Engineering: Marine Animal Tracking Introduction:

More information

Data Management Activities. Bob Keeley OOPC- 9 Southampton, Jun, 2004

Data Management Activities. Bob Keeley OOPC- 9 Southampton, Jun, 2004 Data Management Activities Bob Keeley OOPC- 9 Southampton, Jun, 2004 OIT Project Issues These include: effective telecommunication needs for agreed standards and protocols provision for innovative data

More information

Long-term Acoustic Real-Time Sensor for Polar Areas (LARA)

Long-term Acoustic Real-Time Sensor for Polar Areas (LARA) DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Long-term Acoustic Real-Time Sensor for Polar Areas (LARA) Holger Klinck, Haru Matsumoto, David K. Mellinger, and Robert

More information

Activity Title: Getting the Big Picture: Reading the Ocean Stories Satellites Tell

Activity Title: Getting the Big Picture: Reading the Ocean Stories Satellites Tell BEST OF COSEE HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES Activity Title: Getting the Big Picture: Reading the Ocean Stories Satellites Tell Learning Objectives This activity is an introduction to satellite images and how they

More information

telemetry Rene A.J. Chave, David D. Lemon, Jan Buermans ASL Environmental Sciences Inc. Victoria BC Canada rchave@aslenv.com I.

telemetry Rene A.J. Chave, David D. Lemon, Jan Buermans ASL Environmental Sciences Inc. Victoria BC Canada rchave@aslenv.com I. Near real-time transmission of reduced data from a moored multi-frequency sonar by low bandwidth telemetry Rene A.J. Chave, David D. Lemon, Jan Buermans ASL Environmental Sciences Inc. Victoria BC Canada

More information

Electronic tagging of marine animals

Electronic tagging of marine animals 1 Electronic tagging of marine animals The tagging of marine animals with electronic sensors is increasingly being undertaken by scientists worldwide to track their movements. Electronic tags such as archival,

More information

Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic

Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic Graphing Sea Ice Extent in the Arctic and Antarctic Summary: Students graph sea ice extent (area) in both polar regions (Arctic and Antarctic) over a three-year period to learn about seasonal variations

More information

Bipolar Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation (BIAC) a IPY proposal coordinated by Tor Gammelsrød Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen

Bipolar Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation (BIAC) a IPY proposal coordinated by Tor Gammelsrød Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen Bipolar Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation (BIAC) a IPY proposal coordinated by Tor Gammelsrød Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen The role of the Thermohaline Circulation (THC) as a driving force

More information

UK Argo Data Centre and the Southern Ocean Regional Data Centre (SORDAC)

UK Argo Data Centre and the Southern Ocean Regional Data Centre (SORDAC) UK Argo Data Centre and the Southern Ocean Regional Data Centre (SORDAC) Trevor Guymer Chair, UK Argo Expert Group & Head, UK Inter-Agency Committee on Marine Science & Technology Information provided

More information

Oceanographic quality flag schemes and mappings between them

Oceanographic quality flag schemes and mappings between them Oceanographic quality flag schemes and mappings between them Version: 1.4 Reiner Schlitzer, Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research, 27568 Bremerhaven, Germany. e-mail: Reiner.Schlitzer@awi.de

More information

Huai-Min Zhang & NOAAGlobalTemp Team

Huai-Min Zhang & NOAAGlobalTemp Team Improving Global Observations for Climate Change Monitoring using Global Surface Temperature (& beyond) Huai-Min Zhang & NOAAGlobalTemp Team NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) [formerly:

More information

Argo Australia 2014 Activities

Argo Australia 2014 Activities Argo Australia 2014 Activities Report to the Argo Steering Team Susan Wijffels, Ann Thresher, Esmee Van Wijk, Catriona Johnson, Alan Poole, Craig Hanstein The Australian Centre for Atmosphere, Weather

More information

Principles and Practices of Data Integration

Principles and Practices of Data Integration Data Integration Data integration is the process of combining data of different themes, content, scale or spatial extent, projections, acquisition methods, formats, schema, or even levels of uncertainty,

More information

Call for Proposals under the IMOS (EIF) Five Year Strategy: Enhancement or extension of IMOS July 2009 to June 2013

Call for Proposals under the IMOS (EIF) Five Year Strategy: Enhancement or extension of IMOS July 2009 to June 2013 Call for Proposals under the IMOS (EIF) Five Year Strategy: Enhancement or extension of IMOS July 2009 to June 2013 Satellite SST Products Sub-Facility Plan Overview: Proposed Infrastructure Investment:

More information

Recommendations G7 expert workshop on future of the oceans and seas

Recommendations G7 expert workshop on future of the oceans and seas Background Recommendations G7 expert workshop on future of the oceans and seas The ocean is the largest feature on Earth - covering over 70% of its surface and is its largest connected ecosystem. It delivers

More information

Integration of Marine Mammal Movement and Behavior into the Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment

Integration of Marine Mammal Movement and Behavior into the Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Integration of Marine Mammal Movement and Behavior into the Effects of Sound on the Marine Environment Dorian S. Houser

More information

A nonprofit oceanographic research center

A nonprofit oceanographic research center A nonprofit oceanographic research center esearch programs at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) encompass the entire ocean, from the surface waters to the deep seafloor, and from the

More information

SOOS: Brief introduction, current status

SOOS: Brief introduction, current status SOOS: Brief introduction, current status Anna Wåhlin, University of Gothenburg, Sweden with input from SOOS community, discussions during the FRISP 2012 meeting, the SOOS Under Ice Workshop, and the KOPRI

More information

TEMPERATURE & SALINITY RECENT CHANGES IN THE NORTH SEA: A look at changes in recent history of salinity and temperature in the North Sea using GIS.

TEMPERATURE & SALINITY RECENT CHANGES IN THE NORTH SEA: A look at changes in recent history of salinity and temperature in the North Sea using GIS. Angela Wu Li December 2013 RECENT CHANGES IN THE NORTH SEA: TEMPERATURE & SALINITY A look at changes in recent history of salinity and temperature in the North Sea using GIS. Page 3 Introduction The salty

More information

North-Atlantic Regional Data Center. Virginie Thierry E. Autret, F. Gaillard, Y.Gouriou, S. Pouliquen

North-Atlantic Regional Data Center. Virginie Thierry E. Autret, F. Gaillard, Y.Gouriou, S. Pouliquen North-Atlantic Regional Data Center Virginie Thierry E. Autret, F. Gaillard, Y.Gouriou, S. Pouliquen Overview Introduction: A North-Atlantic DAC Part I - Analysis of T and S at Coriolis: a contribution

More information

Introduction This manual covers instruction on field deployment, data recovery methods, and operation of the Mk10Host program.

Introduction This manual covers instruction on field deployment, data recovery methods, and operation of the Mk10Host program. SPLASH10 (-F, -AF, -BF, -L, -FL) TDR10 (-DD, -F, -L, -X) PAT-Mk10 With host version 1.26.2008 User Guide 30 November 2015 Introduction...5 Definitions...6 Overview of Functionality...7 Operational Modes...

More information

The state of the art of real-time monitoring The Argo experience

The state of the art of real-time monitoring The Argo experience A The state of the art of real-time monitoring The Argo experience Howard Freeland D.F.O. Science/Pacific Region, Canada Tel: (250)-363-6590 Email: Howard.Freeland@dfo-mpo.gc.ca B The state of the art

More information

An Automated Ocean and Weather Monitoring System for Use on Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS)

An Automated Ocean and Weather Monitoring System for Use on Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS) An Automated Ocean and Weather Monitoring System for Use on Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS) Tom Houston, Geoffrey K. Morrison, Cynthia Moore and Rod G. Zika The International SeaKeepers Society 4600 Rickenbacker

More information

Measuring Water Levels

Measuring Water Levels Measuring Water Levels United States of America AXYS manufactures Buoy to Naval Oceanographic Office (NAVOCEANO) Operational Requirements to Measure Water Levels and to Determine Chart Datum Copyright

More information

Overcoming the Constraints of Long Range Radio Telemetry from Animals: Getting More Useful Data from Smaller Packages 1

Overcoming the Constraints of Long Range Radio Telemetry from Animals: Getting More Useful Data from Smaller Packages 1 INTEG. AND COMP. BIOL., 42:3 10 (2002) Overcoming the Constraints of Long Range Radio Telemetry from Animals: Getting More Useful Data from Smaller Packages 1 MIKE FEDAK, 2 PHIL LOVELL, BERNIE MCCONNELL,

More information

Develop a Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model with Data Assimilation Capabilities

Develop a Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model with Data Assimilation Capabilities Develop a Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model with Data Assimilation Capabilities W. Carlisle Thacker Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory 4301 Rickenbacker Causeway Miami, FL, 33149 Phone: (305)

More information

Ultracapacitors Double Operational Life Of Wave Measurement Buoys

Ultracapacitors Double Operational Life Of Wave Measurement Buoys Ultracapacitors Double Operational Life Of Wave Measurement Buoys By Dennis van Weeren and Henny Joosten, Datawell BV, The Netherlands; Roger Scrivens, RS Aqua Ltd, UK, and Adrian Schneuwly,. Introduction

More information

A beginners guide to accessing Argo data. John Gould Argo Director

A beginners guide to accessing Argo data. John Gould Argo Director A beginners guide to accessing Argo data John Gould Argo Director Argo collects salinity/temperature profiles from a sparse (average 3 x 3 spacing) array of robotic floats that populate the ice-free oceans

More information

SPLASH User Guide 8 December 2015

SPLASH User Guide 8 December 2015 SPLASH User Guide 8 December 2015 Overview of the SPLASH Tag-A Data-Collecting Argos Satellite Tag...3 SPLASH Tag Diagram... 3 Main Features of the SPLASH Tags... 4 What Data are Collected... 4 A Word

More information

Water Distribution System Wireless Monitoring Solutions

Water Distribution System Wireless Monitoring Solutions Water Distribution System Wireless Monitoring Solutions Pump Station Aquifer Level Tank Level Reservoir Level Rainfall Mag Meter Flow Hydrant Pressure Water Quality Water Meter Flow Pressure Reducing Valve

More information

ARCTICNET 2007-2008 MCLANE MOORED PROFILER DATA - QUALITY CONTROL REPORT. Jessy Barrette and Yves Gratton

ARCTICNET 2007-2008 MCLANE MOORED PROFILER DATA - QUALITY CONTROL REPORT. Jessy Barrette and Yves Gratton ARCTICNET 2007-2008 MCLANE MOORED PROFILER DATA - QUALITY CONTROL REPORT By Jessy Barrette and Yves Gratton INRS-Eau, Terre et Environnement 490, de la Couronne Québec, Qc Canada, G1K 9A9 June 2012 i 2012,

More information

MI oceanographic data

MI oceanographic data Marine Institute Oceanographic Data SMARTSkills 2013 Postgraduate Workshop Galway, Oct 2013 Kieran Lyons (kieran.lyons@marine.ie) MI oceanographic data Measured Operational metocean time series (weather

More information

The international Argo programme: a revolution for ocean and climate observations Pierre-Yves Le Traon*, Ifremer Coordinator NAOS Equipex Project

The international Argo programme: a revolution for ocean and climate observations Pierre-Yves Le Traon*, Ifremer Coordinator NAOS Equipex Project The international Argo programme: a revolution for ocean and climate observations Pierre-Yves Le Traon*, Ifremer Coordinator NAOS Equipex Project * Acknowledgments: NAOS, French Argo, Euro-Argo/Argo international

More information

Coriolis data-centre an in-situ data portail for operational oceanography. http://www.coriolis.eu.org codac@ifremer.fr

Coriolis data-centre an in-situ data portail for operational oceanography. http://www.coriolis.eu.org codac@ifremer.fr Coriolis data-centre an in-situ data portail for operational oceanography Ingrid Puillat on behalf of L. Petit de la Villeon & G. Maudire IFREMER http://www.coriolis.eu.org codac@ifremer.fr 1 How did Coriolis

More information

Jennifer Wong The Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center

Jennifer Wong The Karen Beasley Sea Turtle Rescue and Rehabilitation Center Website Research The sea turtle rescue center is run by Karen Beasley and are committed to the conservation and protection of the all species of sea turtles. The center rescues. Rehabilitates, and releases

More information

Approaches to biogeographic classification of the world s oceans. Marjo Vierros United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies

Approaches to biogeographic classification of the world s oceans. Marjo Vierros United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies Approaches to biogeographic classification of the world s oceans Marjo Vierros United Nations University Institute of Advanced Studies This presentation will cover International policy developments of

More information

Global Ocean Surface Underway Data project (GOSUD)

Global Ocean Surface Underway Data project (GOSUD) Global Ocean Surface Underway Data project (GOSUD) Theirry Carval Coriolis Ifremer Bob Keely MEDS Thierry Delcroix - IRD 1 GOSUD : Global Ocean Surface Underway Data project 2 GOSUD : Global Ocean Surface

More information

Vandalism on data buoys

Vandalism on data buoys Vandalism on data buoys Table of contents: 1. Background information... 1 1.1. The DBCP... 1 1.2. Current status of data buoy programmes... 2 1.3. Vandalism on data buoys and assistance required from CPRNW...

More information

Looking beyond your microscope: contributing data and information to the global community

Looking beyond your microscope: contributing data and information to the global community Looking beyond your microscope: contributing data and information to the global community Peter Pissierssens Head, IOC Project Office for IODE IODE Programme Manager IOC Capacity Development Coordinator

More information

Marine animals as platforms for oceanographic sampling: a win/win situation for biology and operational oceanography

Marine animals as platforms for oceanographic sampling: a win/win situation for biology and operational oceanography Mem. Natl Inst. Polar Res., Spec. Issue, 58, 133 147, 2004 National Institute of Polar Research Review Marine animals as platforms for oceanographic sampling: a win/win situation for biology and operational

More information

Coriolis data-centre an in-situ data portail for operational oceanography

Coriolis data-centre an in-situ data portail for operational oceanography Coriolis data-centre an in-situ data portail for operational oceanography Loïc Petit de la Villéon -Ifremer http://www.coriolis.eu.org codac@ifremer.fr 1 How did Coriolis start to work on operational oceanography?

More information

Ocean Circulation and Climate. The Thermohaline Circulation

Ocean Circulation and Climate. The Thermohaline Circulation Ocean Circulation and Climate In addition to the atmospheric circulation heat is also transported to the poles by the ocean circulation. The ocean circulation is therefore an important part of the climate

More information

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center Kathryn Sullivan, Ph.D, Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Thomas R. Karl, L.H.D., Director,, and Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research Jessica

More information

The Oceans: Monterey Bay, Metric Units and Charts

The Oceans: Monterey Bay, Metric Units and Charts The Oceans: Monterey Bay, Metric Units and Charts Name Date TA & Section Conversion Table 1 fathom = 6 feet 100 fathoms = 1 cable length 10 cables length = 1 nautical mile 1 nautical mile = 1.151 statute

More information

UNCLOS AND ICE EDGE BASE LINE PROBLEMS

UNCLOS AND ICE EDGE BASE LINE PROBLEMS THIRD BIENNIAL CONFERENCE OF ABLOS - ADDRESSING DIFFICULT ISSUES IN THE LAW OF THE SAE International Hydrographic Bureau, Monaco 28-30 October 2003 UNCLOS AND ICE EDGE BASE LINE PROBLEMS Bjørn Geirr Harsson,

More information

Ocean Processes I Oceanography Department University of Cape Town South Africa

Ocean Processes I Oceanography Department University of Cape Town South Africa Ocean Processes I Isabelle.Ansorge@uct.ac.za Oceanography Department University of Cape Town South Africa 1 9/17/2009 Lecturer in Oceanography at UCT About me! BSc in England University of Plymouth MSc

More information

Cat Detect. for Surface Mining Applications

Cat Detect. for Surface Mining Applications Cat Detect for Surface Mining Applications Enhance Your Site s Safety through Increased Operator Awareness Configurable to suit your operation s needs, Cat MineStar System is the industry s broadest suite

More information

Blue sky Workshop: new ways of thinking about the West Coast ecosystem and how penguins interact with other elements. Friday 28 August 2015, Velddrif

Blue sky Workshop: new ways of thinking about the West Coast ecosystem and how penguins interact with other elements. Friday 28 August 2015, Velddrif Blue sky Workshop: new ways of thinking about the West Coast ecosystem and how penguins interact with other elements Friday 28 August 2015, Velddrif Background The marine ecosystem of the West Coast has

More information

CONVENTION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC SEALS

CONVENTION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC SEALS CONVENTION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ANTARCTIC SEALS The Contracting Parties, Recalling the Agreed Measures for the Conservation of Antarctic Fauna and Flora, adopted under the Antarctic Treaty signed at

More information

16 th IOCCG Committee annual meeting. Plymouth, UK 15 17 February 2011. mission: Present status and near future

16 th IOCCG Committee annual meeting. Plymouth, UK 15 17 February 2011. mission: Present status and near future 16 th IOCCG Committee annual meeting Plymouth, UK 15 17 February 2011 The Meteor 3M Mt satellite mission: Present status and near future plans MISSION AIMS Satellites of the series METEOR M M are purposed

More information

SOUTHERN OCEAN CURRENTS. http://www.polar.org/antsun/oldissues2002-2003/sun121502/current.html

SOUTHERN OCEAN CURRENTS. http://www.polar.org/antsun/oldissues2002-2003/sun121502/current.html Map from: SOUTHERN OCEAN CURRENTS http://www.polar.org/antsun/oldissues2002-2003/sun121502/current.html FROM: The Antarctic Coastal Current Joanna Gyory, John Cangialosi, Ieng Jo, Arthur J. Mariano, Edward

More information

DELAYED MODE QUALITY CONTROL OF ARGO SALINITY DATA IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEA FLOAT WMO 6900818. G. Notarstefano and P.-M.

DELAYED MODE QUALITY CONTROL OF ARGO SALINITY DATA IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEA FLOAT WMO 6900818. G. Notarstefano and P.-M. DELAYED MODE QUALITY CONTROL OF ARGO SALINITY DATA IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND BLACK SEA FLOAT WMO 6900818 G. Notarstefano and P.-M. Poulain Produced by the Mediterranean Argo Regional Centre (MedArgo), OGS,

More information

Vehicle GPS Tracker GP268. GP268 Vehicle GPS/GPRS Tracking and Monitoring System Presentation July, 2009

Vehicle GPS Tracker GP268. GP268 Vehicle GPS/GPRS Tracking and Monitoring System Presentation July, 2009 Vehicle GPS Tracker GP268 Winwill World Co., Ltd 2008 Website: www.winwillworld.com Inquire now: sales@winwillworld.com - 1 - 1 PRODUCT INTRODUCTION 1.1 Features of unpacking 1.2 Brief introduction GP268,

More information

'Developments and benefits of hydrographic surveying using multispectral imagery in the coastal zone

'Developments and benefits of hydrographic surveying using multispectral imagery in the coastal zone Abstract With the recent launch of enhanced high-resolution commercial satellites, available imagery has improved from four-bands to eight-band multispectral. Simultaneously developments in remote sensing

More information

Species distributions and environment. Geographic Template

Species distributions and environment. Geographic Template Species distributions and environment Terrestrial species Climate (temperature and precipitation) Soil type Aquatic species Water temperature Salinity Light Pressure Geographic Template Non-random patterns

More information

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands

South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Office of the Commissioner Government House, Stanley, Falkland Islands. PRESS RELEASE: New Spatial and Temporal Closed Areas added to the South Georgia and

More information

MSITel provides real time telemetry up to 4.8 kbps (2xIridium modem) for balloons/experiments

MSITel provides real time telemetry up to 4.8 kbps (2xIridium modem) for balloons/experiments The MSITel module family allows your ground console to be everywhere while balloon experiments run everywhere MSITel provides real time telemetry up to 4.8 kbps (2xIridium modem) for balloons/experiments

More information

PRAKlA SEISMDS "V V PRAKLA-SEISMOS AG

PRAKlA SEISMDS V V PRAKLA-SEISMOS AG !\ PRAKlA SEISMDS "V V PRAKLA-SEISMOS AG 1 Bridge - all conlrols and video screens are within easy reach Mast lable to lit various antennae 01 radio survey systems in one beamline THE ESSENTIAL INSTRUMENTATION

More information

Water Monitoring System Website User Guide www.fldep-stevens.com

Water Monitoring System Website User Guide www.fldep-stevens.com Florida Department of Environmental Protection Division of State Lands Bureau of Survey and Mapping Water Monitoring System Website User Guide www.fldep-stevens.com Provided by Stevens Water Monitoring

More information

INSTRUMENTS NX3 series

INSTRUMENTS NX3 series INSTRUMENTS NX3 series NX3 SERIES Instruments Utilizing the most recent advances in multi-function display capability, combined with intuitive graphical menus, the ComNav NX3 Instruments offer boaters

More information

Satellite Derived Dynamic Ocean Currents in the Arctic. Jens Olaf Pepke Pedersen Polar DTU / DTU Space www.polar.dtu.dk www.space.dtu.

Satellite Derived Dynamic Ocean Currents in the Arctic. Jens Olaf Pepke Pedersen Polar DTU / DTU Space www.polar.dtu.dk www.space.dtu. Satellite Derived Dynamic Ocean Currents in the Arctic Jens Olaf Pepke Pedersen Polar DTU / DTU Space www.polar.dtu.dk www.space.dtu.dk Benefits of exploiting ocean currents Benjamin Franklins map of the

More information

Deep NINJA: A New Profiling Float for Deep Ocean Observation

Deep NINJA: A New Profiling Float for Deep Ocean Observation Proceedings of the Twenty-second (2012) International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference Rhodes, Greece, June 17 22, 2012 Copyright 2012 by the International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers

More information

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17

INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 INTERNATIONAL INDIAN SCHOOL, RIYADH SA I 2016-17 STD V WORKSHEET Page 1 of 7 SOCIAL STUDIES LESSON - 1. KNOW YOUR PLANET Fill in the blanks: 1. A book containing maps is called an. 2. A Flemish map maker,

More information

Improving SCADA Operations Using Wireless Instrumentation

Improving SCADA Operations Using Wireless Instrumentation Improving SCADA Operations Using Wireless Instrumentation April 2010 / White paper by Hany Fouda Make the most of your energy Summary Executive Summary... p 2 Introduction... p 3 The Evolution of Wireless...

More information

Ocean aspects of the GCOS Implementation Plan 2016: Connection to Climate Information and Services for Adaptation, Mitigation and the SDGs

Ocean aspects of the GCOS Implementation Plan 2016: Connection to Climate Information and Services for Adaptation, Mitigation and the SDGs Ocean aspects of the GCOS Implementation Plan 2016: Connection to Climate Information and Services for Adaptation, Mitigation and the SDGs Toste Tanhua GEOMAR Helmholtz Center for Ocean Research Kiel UNESCO-IOC

More information

Satellite Tagging of Leatherback Sea Turtles in the Southeast of the island of Dominica, West Indies

Satellite Tagging of Leatherback Sea Turtles in the Southeast of the island of Dominica, West Indies Tagging of Leatherback Sea Turtles in the Southeast of the island of Dominica, West Indies A.H. Errol Harris Coordinator and Marcella Harris April 22, 2015 1 Tagging of Leatherback Sea Turtles in the Southeast

More information

Data Buoy Cooperation Panel. Inserting buoy data onto the GTS

Data Buoy Cooperation Panel. Inserting buoy data onto the GTS Data Buoy Cooperation Panel Inserting buoy data onto the GTS Table of contents Data Buoy Cooperation Panel 1 Inserting buoy data onto the GTS 1 1. Introduction 2 2. The Global Telecommunication System

More information

JARPA II* Research Fleet Departs for the Antarctic

JARPA II* Research Fleet Departs for the Antarctic THE INSTITUTE OF CETACEAN RESEARCH 4-5 TOYOMI-CHO, CHUO-KU, TOKYO 104-0055 JAPAN PHONE: +81-3-3536-6521 FAX: +81-3536-6522 MEDIA RELEASE 7 November 2005 JARPA II* Research Fleet Departs for the Antarctic

More information

CARIBOU. Type: Mammal. Weight: kg. Height: cm

CARIBOU. Type: Mammal. Weight: kg. Height: cm ANIMALS CARIBOU Weight: 109 318kg Height: 120 150cm Diet: Caribou`s majorly eat ground and tree lichens. They also eat shrubs, grasses and willows. It takes 80 to 150 years for a forest to grow enough

More information

Lesson I. Oceanographic Research, Gathering Data in the Field

Lesson I. Oceanographic Research, Gathering Data in the Field Lesson I. Oceanographic Research, Gathering Data in the Field Ocean-going research vessels How do we get information about the things we want to study in the ocean? One of the ways that we can get information

More information

Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) E"enne Charpen"er WMO Observing Systems Division (OSD)

Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) Eenne Charpener WMO Observing Systems Division (OSD) Session IV, YOPP Observing Component Voluntary Observing Ships (VOS) E"enne Charpen"er WMO Observing Systems Division (OSD) 1 GOOS/GCOS 2010 implementation goals for climate continuous satellite observations

More information

ES 106 Laboratory # 3 INTRODUCTION TO OCEANOGRAPHY. Introduction The global ocean covers nearly 75% of Earth s surface and plays a vital role in

ES 106 Laboratory # 3 INTRODUCTION TO OCEANOGRAPHY. Introduction The global ocean covers nearly 75% of Earth s surface and plays a vital role in ES 106 Laboratory # 3 INTRODUCTION TO OCEANOGRAPHY 3-1 Introduction The global ocean covers nearly 75% of Earth s surface and plays a vital role in the physical environment of Earth. For these reasons,

More information

South West Indian Ocean. July 2016

South West Indian Ocean. July 2016 South West Indian Ocean July 2016 Highlights Sea Surface Temperature SST lower than normal in the South-West Indian Ocean Positive SST anomaly observed in the western part of Madagascar Negative SST anomaly

More information

A Penguin Foraging Simulation Game adapted from an activity on

A Penguin Foraging Simulation Game adapted from an activity on Foraging Facts (This information is on the student handout) Recent years have seen significant increases in Antarctic penguin populations. Some have argued that this is the result of reduced competition

More information

PMEL Press Releases and NOAA News Stories FY09- FY14

PMEL Press Releases and NOAA News Stories FY09- FY14 PMEL Press Releases and NOAA News Stories FY09- FY14 PMEL WIDE Oceanographer named to head NOAA s Seattle research laboratory http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2011/20111018_pmel.html CLIMATE THEME most

More information

DEOS MOORED BUOY OBSERVATORY DESIGN STUDY

DEOS MOORED BUOY OBSERVATORY DESIGN STUDY DEOS MOORED BUOY OBSERVATORY DESIGN STUDY R. Detrick, D. Frye, J. Collins, J. Gobat, M. Grosenbaugh, R. Petitt, A. Plueddeman, K. von der Heydt, F. B. Wooding Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods

More information

SuperGuard VT-05 Vehicle Tracking Device

SuperGuard VT-05 Vehicle Tracking Device SuperGuard VT-05 Vehicle Tracking Device The SuperGuard VT-05 Vehicle Tracker is a professional GPS tracking device designed for fleet management and commercial data centers, with customizable data upload

More information

Barents 2020. Escape, Evacuation and Rescue of People (EER) Morten Mejlænder-Larsen Bodø 21. November 2012

Barents 2020. Escape, Evacuation and Rescue of People (EER) Morten Mejlænder-Larsen Bodø 21. November 2012 Escape, Evacuation and Rescue of People (EER) Morten Mejlænder-Larsen History 2007-2012 Norway has North Sea offshore experience, while Russia has Arctic operational experience. The Barents Sea represents

More information

1. INTRODUCTION 2. WORKSHOP

1. INTRODUCTION 2. WORKSHOP J7.4 AUTOMATED MARINE WEATHER OBSERVATIONS ON RESEARCH VESSELS AS PART OF AN OCEAN OBSERVING SYSTEM Shawn R. Smith Center for Ocean-Atmospheric Prediction Studies, The Florida State University Tallahassee,

More information

An exactearth Technical White Paper April 2015. Satellite AIS

An exactearth Technical White Paper April 2015. Satellite AIS An exactearth Technical White Paper April 2015 Satellite AIS Executive Summary exactearth Ltd (www.exactearth.com) is a private data services company delivering global locationbased maritime vessel tracking

More information

Future needs of remote sensing science in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean: A report to support the Horizon Scan activity of COMNAP and SCAR

Future needs of remote sensing science in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean: A report to support the Horizon Scan activity of COMNAP and SCAR Future needs of remote sensing science in Antarctica and the Southern Ocean: A report to support the Horizon Scan activity of COMNAP and SCAR Thomas Wagner (thomas.wagner@nasa.gov) Charles Webb NASA Cryospheric

More information

RS Stock No. 724-4207 Instruction Manual RS-1340 Hot Wire Anemometer

RS Stock No. 724-4207 Instruction Manual RS-1340 Hot Wire Anemometer RS Stock No. 724-4207 Instruction Manual RS-1340 Hot Wire Anemometer EN FR IT DE ES CONTENTS / EN Title CONTENTS Page 1. SAFETY INFORMATION...1 2. INTRODUCTION...2 3. SPECIFICATIONS...3 4. PARTS & CONTROLS...4

More information

Water Distribution System Wireless Monitoring Solutions

Water Distribution System Wireless Monitoring Solutions Water Distribution System Wireless Monitoring Solutions Pump Station Aquifer Level Tank Level Reservoir Level Rainfall Mag Meter Flow Hydrant Pressure Water Quality Water Meter Flow Pressure Reducing Valve

More information

Barometric Effects on Transducer Data and Groundwater Levels in Monitoring Wells D.A. Wardwell, October 2007

Barometric Effects on Transducer Data and Groundwater Levels in Monitoring Wells D.A. Wardwell, October 2007 Barometric Effects on Transducer Data and Groundwater Levels in Monitoring Wells D.A. Wardwell, October 2007 Barometric Effects on Transducer Data Barometric Fluctuations can Severely Alter Water Level

More information

Annual Reprt 2007-2008

Annual Reprt 2007-2008 University of South Florida College of Marine Science 140 7 th Avenue South Saint Petersburg, Florida 33701 Dr. William Hogarth, Dean The College of Marine Science is a GRADUATE RESEARCH program where

More information

iminiplus PDF User Guide Version 2.0

iminiplus PDF User Guide Version 2.0 iminiplus PDF User Guide Version 2.0 Table of contents 1 Scope of this document... 3 2 Why PDF?... 3 3 Logger profile... 3 4 What you need to get started... 4 5 FDA 21 CFR Part 11 compliance... 5 6 How

More information

HDS Gen2 RTM 4.0 software update

HDS Gen2 RTM 4.0 software update HDS Gen2 RTM 4.0 software update The HDS RTM 4.0 software update enables autopilot control of outboard motors and includes features for Jeppesen 4D charts. Outboard motor autopilot To use outboard autopilot

More information