JEAN NOUVEL LUCERNE CULTURE AND CONGRESS CENTRE

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1 JEAN NOUVEL LUCERNE CULTURE AND CONGRESS CENTRE

2 LOCATION

3 3.lake vierwaldstättersee 2.old town and chapel bridge Plaza europa 1.culture and congress centre (kkl) 5.train station by calatrava

4 DESIGN Idea: Play with horizontal plane as canopy linking spaces below it Metaphor refers to three ships docked in the lake under the huge deck Three parts under cover of 370 feet by 350 feet: Concert hall Conference rooms with auditorium Museum of contemporary art - Nouvel won competition in 1990 with original plan that included the center to develop on the surface of the lake - Impossible to build on water so entered lake into the building - Two channels of low depth into three parts of the building at level of Plaza Europa - Built in 5 years between 1995 and Unique that people of Lucerne collaborated with Jean Nouvel during different phases of construction - Nouvel aligned structure with existing environment - Huge roof - Compliments existing landmarks Mount Pilatus and Chapel Bridge - One of best concert halls in the world in terms of sound - Activities: culture, cuisine, conventions n - Concert hall box, conference center and museum are independent but structure shows what takes place inside, degrees of transparency and opacity Concert hall 2.restaurant 3.multi-purpose hall 4.Convention Center with auditorium

5 overview - Different events take place under same roof with transparent boundaries - Water from lake flows into the building, the three parts of the building lined up like three large ships docked at lake under roof - Roof covers entire Europa Square - gives peaceful atmosphere - Roof 129,166 SF, height 68 feet Lucerne Hall - Makes all kinds of events possible - Can be transformed - separating walls can be removed - Music: Blues, rock, pop concerts, conventions, dance performances, house parties, fashion events - Holds 220 to 1800 people Convention Center and Museum - Always open to public - Looks like birdcage - surrounded by metal grating - Main feature: Auditorium on first floor, 270 guests - Bistro at main entry level - Museum on fourth floor 2 - Lobbies are not only passageways to an auditorium but gathering spots - Can enjoy the sweeping spaces and carefully placed views to the outside world and multiple points of access to outdoor terraces. 3

6 ground level level 1 level 5 1.Cafeteria 2.hall 3.exhibition hall 4.hall for 300 people 5.foyer 6.interior foyer 7.multi-purpose 8.service access 9.concert hall 10.bar 1.restaurant 2.foyer 3.hall for 300 people 4.empty space over foyer 5.empty space over foyer 6.multi-purpose 7.empty space over service 8.foyer 9.concert hall (balcony lev. 2) 10.reverberation chamber 1.terrace 2.multi-purpose 3.foyer for 300 people 4.museum 5.technical room 6.concert hall (balcony level 4) 7.reverberation chamber section concert hall section conference rooms & auditorium section museum

7 Concert Hall - Capacity: 1900 seats on five floors - Music: Classical - Called Room Blanché due to the color of its walls - Roof terrace gives panoramic 250 degree view of city, lake and mountains - Meets highest acoustical requirements Acoustical features: Canopy above stage Movable reverberation chamber doors White plaster relief tiles Acoustic corridors that isolate all sound Below hearing level air circulation system Covered in maple Materials: Structure is reinforced concrete Ceiling made of steel Bottom surface of deck made of aluminum by 2000 elements - Reflect landscape and lake Facades of metal and glass Hall covered with maple White plaster walls Blue roof canopy and seats More than 16,000 SF different types of wood, pine, beech, maple - Characterized by its opacity - in contrast to the convention area - Unusual colors like garnet red, deep green and midnight blue - Outer walls are clad in wood and curved shape pushes into angular foyer resembling a cello case. 4

8 - Hall dimensions: H 72 feet x W 72 feet x L 150 feet - Orchestra area dimensions: 34 feet x 60 feet - Small stage area: 2260 SF - Large stage area: 2658 SF - Optimum acoustics: height, width and length being in a 1:1:2 ratio - Shoebox principle - 670,980 cubic feet - enough space, creates soft, round finish cubic feet/person - 24,000 square plaster reliefs, each 7.8 inches in length - plastered surfaces break the reflection of the sound, multiplying it and distributing it in all directions - Above the stage, Goll organ with 4,387 pipes - can be closed off with large doors and a 40-ft x 26-ft wide projection screen can be lowered in front of it - Many walls are touch-panel-controlled hydraulic panels - can be used to modify the reverberation time of the room - Requirements included ability to fully retract the loudspeaker system for non-reinforced events - eliminating the need for temporary placement of auxiliary loudspeakers for audience coverage coverage for spoken word events (also covering the area beside and behind the stage, including the balcony below the organ) - Required two years of consulting, planning, contractor selection, supervision of installation and calibration of the technical systems - Main loudspeaker system installed significantly lower and closer to the stage than the previous solution - increased by a distributed system whose elements are permanently installed but retractable by motors 5 basement plan circulation

9 level 4 with reverberation chamber section through hall reverberation Chamber - Large, connected, hollow space that surrounds the concert hall on its upper level - Opens through 50 electronically controllable concrete doors - sound can be varied and reverberation time extended by up to 3 seconds - When using it volume of Hall can be increased by 211,888 cubic feet from 670,980 cubic feet, third of original volume - Slightly convex panels covered with 24,000 custom designed gypsum relief elements - Reverberation time also adjusted through absorbing curtains - If reflective zones evenly covered the reverberation time will be reduced and the acoustics will dry out - required for spoken word events, jazz and pop concerts canopy - Height-adjustable sound reflector, also in different parts - Located above the stage - Enables musicians to hear things without a sound delay - Allows the acoustics to be adjusted for each individual work - When Hall not completely full, canopy is set lower down to create a more intimate space - Very large formations and when organ is in use - can be raised to directly underneath the ceiling 4

10 Ambient Sound - Uniform spatial impression - Largest part of sound energy interacts with the walls, then thrown back sideways to the listener as venue sound - used optimally by the four side galleries - Venue sound has the same intensity everywhere - Uniformity creates a spatial impression - one of the most important subjective aspects of the acoustic quality Silence - Noise level in Hall = 18 decibels - not audible within the normal frequency range of human hearing - Ventilation and lighting installations are virtually inaudible during concerts - Entrances into Hall are sealed with soundproof, heavy doors - These features make Hall absolutely still -provides a perception of the music in its entire dynamic from lowest pianissimo to deafening fortissimo 4

11 n ground floor level 1 level 2 cross section

12 n level 3 level 4 level 5 cross section

13 elevation east elevation north elevation south

14 Acoustical Features Canopy above stage Movable reverberation chamber doors White plaster relief tiles Acoustic corridors that isolate all sound Below hearing level air circulation system Covered in maple Optimal 1:1:2 dimensions Volume creating soft, round finish Goll organ Touch-panel controlled hydraulic panels Retractable loudspeaker system Uniform spatial impression Soundproof, heavy entrance door Slightly convex panels covered with 24,000 custom designed gypsum relief elements

15 Summary The Congress and Culture Centre was designed by Jean Nouvel and is located in Lucerne in Switzerland at lake Vierwaldstättersee. The building represents three ships docked in the lake underneath a huge deck. It is made up of three parts under a cover of 370 by 350 feet roof structure. These parts include the concert hall, conference rooms with auditorium and the museum of contemporary art. The structure aligns with the existing environment and compliments existing landmarks Mount Pilatus and the old Chapel Bridge. It is said to be one of the best concert halls in the world in terms of sound. The hall has a box shape and a capacity for 1900 seats on five levels. Music played in the hall is classical and meets the highest acoustical requirements. Some acoustical features include a movable canopy above stage, echo chamber, acoustic corridors and below hearing level air circulation system. Some materials include reinforced concrete for the structure, steel for the ceiling, aluminum and more than 16,000 SF of different types of wood. In contrast to the convention area the concert hall is characterized by its opacity and incorporates unusual colors such as garnet red, deep green and midnight blue. During the intermission of the concerts the hall has a roof terrace guests can go to, which gives them a fantastic panoramic 250 degree view of the city, lake and the mountains.

16 Bibliography MAw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.luzern.com%2Ffiles%2F%3Fid%3D64157&usg=AFQjCNG8K7AL1vplMimEJDnLrWhH-Bp5_Q By Gabriella Ebbesson

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