Higher Education and Research in Finland. Department for Higher Education and Science Policy Immo Aakkula, Counsellor of Government 25.8.

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1 Higher Education and Research in Finland Department for Higher Education and Science Policy Immo Aakkula, Counsellor of Government

2 Minister of Education and Culture Permanent Secretary Internal Auditing Department for General Education and Early Childhood Education Director General Department for Vocational Education and Training Director General Department for Higher Education and Science Policy Director General Strategy and Steering Group Division for Higher Education Policy Division for Science Policy Division for Information Management Administrative Unit - In-house Services Finance Unit - Auditing Information Management Unit Communication s Unit Secretariat for International Relations Department for Art and Cultural Policy Director General Strategy and Steering Group Division for Culture Division for Art Division for Copyright Policy and the Economy of Culture Department for Youth and Sport Policy Director General Strategy and Steering Group Division for Youth Work and Youth Policy Division for Sport c. 300 employees

3 Finnish Higher Education and Research System

4 DOCTORAL DEGREES Licenciate degrees The Finnish Education System - Two pilars: science oriented - pragmatically oriented - No dead-ends - No tuition - Right to education is a constitutional right MASTER S DEGREES Universities BACHELOR S DEGREES Universities MATRICULATION EXAMINATION General upper secondary schools POLYTECHNIC MASTER S DEGREES Work experience 3 years POLYTECHNIC BACHELOR S DEGREES Polytechnics BASIC EDUCATION Comprehensive schools 7-16 year-olds PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION 6 year-olds EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS Institutions & apprenticeship training ADULT EDUCATION - Open University education - Open Polytechnic education - Adult education centres - Folk high schools - Summer universities - Study centres - Sports institutes

5 Higher education and research landscape in Finland 14 universities ( students, of which doctoral students) 24 polytechnics/universities of Applied Sciences ( students) 12 state research institutions Ministry of Education and Culture Education Finnish National Board of Education Study in Finland Research.fi University (blue) Polytechnic (green) Research institute (red)

6 Research landscape in a nutshell FRAMEWORK Parliament Ministries RESEARCH Universities Universities of Applied Sciences UAS Research institutions Companies FUNDING MoE Academy of Finland Tekes Sitra Private Trusts and Foundations

7 Future orientations and Government programme

8 Finland s greatest strength: human resources INSEAD Global Innovation Index 2013 Human Capital and Research World Economic Forum Higher Education and Training WEF and INSEAD The Networked Readiness Index 2015 Innovation Union Scoreboard 2014 Human Resources (Europe only) World Economic Forum Health and Primary Education 1. Finland 1. Finland 1. Singapore 1. Sweden 1. Finland 2. Rep. of Korea 2. Singapore 2. Finland 2. Finland 2. Belgium 3. Singapore 3. Netherlands 3. Sweden 3. Ireland 3. Singapore 4. Sweden 4. Switzerland 4. Netherlands 4. United Kingdom 4. New Zealand 5. Iceland 5. Belgium 5. Norway 5. Slovenia 5. Netherlands 6. United States 6. U. Arab Emirates 6. Switzerland 6. Latvia 6. Japan 7. Denmark 7. United States 7. United States 7. France 7. Canada 8. Israel 8. Norway 8. United Kingdom 8. Belgium 8. Ireland 9. Ireland 9. New Zealand 9. Luxembourg 9. Netherlands 9. Cyprus 10. Austria 10. Denmark 10. Japan 10. Denmark 10. Iceland -> Education is number one priority 8

9 Our success strategy Human resource perspective Innovation and sophistication factors Smart specialisation (creative economy, cleantech, green growth) policy of intangible valuation, excellence in RDI, attractive RDI environments, cultural diversity Efficiency enhancers Higher education and training, on-the job training, technological readiness, availability of private and public R&D&I funding Basic requirements Good governance, rule of law, strong institutions (incl. art and science), macroeconomic environment, security, predictability, basic education, health, social cohesion, inclusiveness and trust 9

10 Government programme Government Programme May 27, 2015 Finland of Solutions a strategic government programme Vision: Finland 2025 together built Finland as a part of Europe Finland of sustainable economy Renewing Finland Safe Finland Finland is a country that encourages people to continuously learn something new. Skills and education levels in Finland have risen, promoting the renewal of Finnish society and equal opportunities. Finland is in the vanguard of education, skills and modern learning techniques.

11 Government programme on education and research Finland is a leading country of education, knowledge and modern learning. Targets: modernisation of learning environments, digitalisation, new pedagogics interaction between education and working life to be strengthened the quality and impact of research and innovation actions have increased the internationalisation of education and research has increased and the barriers of knowledge services and education export have been demolished Education flagship flagship initiatives on all levels: new learning environments and digitalisation to basic education, new pedagogics, securing peaceful learning environments, more physical exercise, extending the language skills reform of the upper secondary vocational education, effectiveness of the organisation ot the education, learning by doing at working environments fastening the track from education to working life on all levels strengthening the cooperation between HEIs and industry for commercialisation of innovation

12 Future orientations of the Ministry of Education and Culture Making the chain of knowledge fit by strengthening the whole HE system (profiles, specialisation, structures and cooperation) by open science and data in education and research by renewing the structures, funding and steering mechanisms by policy making based on knowledge Culture of experimentation will be introduced Knowledge-based management and implementation reaching across administrative branches will be strengthened

13 State Budget 2015 Total Expenses M by Field of Administration Min. of Social Affairs and Health Min. of Finance Min. of Education and Culture M / a; of which HE M / a

14 Bonus material: Recent developments in the Finnish HE

15 Goal: more dynamic HE and research sector Higher education reforms Reform of science and research network Other developments University reform 2009 Reform of state research institutes and research funding Encouraging funding models Polytechnic Reform 2014 Academy of Finland Structural reform of VET Structural development of HEIs ongoing Strengthening of the research infrastructure Other political decisions related to macro-economic balance

16 Reforms of HE and research system University reform Greater autonomy, stronger financial and administrative status, independent legal persons, greater latitude with finances Universities are better able to operate with the surrounding society Stronger community relations e.g. external members of the board Reform did not change The freedom of research, art and education, academic decision-making The government s responsibility for funding the public duties of the universities Polytechnic reform Independent legal persons (limited companies), new funding model, new operating licences including updated educational responsibilities more flexibility to better react and response to the needs of the surrounding society, stronger strategic competence, profiling, focus area choises, stronger leadership and ability to decision making Quality and effectiveness of teaching and RDI, international competitiveness The responsibility for core funding entirely transferred to the state Reform of state research institutes and research funding Structural reforms, research funding reforms Mergers, consortiums, deeper co-operation, strategic research funding instrument

17 Performance Agreements Structure of the agreement between MoE and HEIs 1. Objectives set for the higher education system as a whole Verbal goals formulated in dialogue with HEIs Comprise the statutory duties, structural development, quality, competitiveness, effectiveness, internationalization, the viewpoint of staff and students, and the costeffectiveness and productivity of the activities. 2. Mission, Profile and Focus Areas of the HEI 3. Key Development Measures 1-5 projects per HEI linked to the implementation of the HEI's strategy 4. Financing The government core funding in total Term is 5 years.

18 Feedback and monitoring The HEIs are expected to present correct information on their performance and finances in a way that enables their progress be evaluated against the set goals. Development is annually monitored through indicators which gauge effectiveness and quality The Ministry gives written feedback to the HEIs on their activities and development needs. The feedback procedure is used to steer and monitor the implementation of higher education policy objectives during the agreement period. The Ministry of Education and Culture visits each HEI once on the agreement period Discussions with the management, personnel, students and stakeholders Informal exchange of information is frequent Small and large, multilateral and bilateral meetings between HEIs and the MoE

19 Universities core funding from 2015

20 Polytechnics core funding from 2015

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