RECOGNITION OF FOREIGN TEACHING QUALIFICATIONS IN FINLAND

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1 RECOGNITION OF FOREIGN TEACHING QUALIFICATIONS IN FINLAND Publications 2010:1

2 RECOGNITION OF FOREIGN TEACHING QUALIFICATIONS IN FINLAND Publications 2010:1

3 Finnish National Board of Education Publications 2010:1 ISBN (pb) ISBN (pdf) Edita Prima Oy, Helsinki 2010

4 CONTENTS 1. Introduction Recognition of professional teaching qualifications obtained by EU/EEA citizens in an EU/EEA state Decision-making principles Compensation measure and final decision Examples of decisions Class teachers Subject teachers Special needs teachers Special kindergarten teachers Kindergarten teachers and teachers providing pre-primary education Kindergarten teachers Teaching qualifications from another Nordic country Comparability of teacher training obtained outside the EU/EEA Decision-making principles and supplementary studies required in decisions Examples of decisions Class teachers Subject teachers Special needs teachers Kindergarten teachers and teachers providing pre-primary education Other teaching positions Comparability of a foreign study module with studies required of teachers Eligibility to provide foreign-language education Decision-making principles Additional requirements and completion of these Examples of decisions Class teaching Subject teaching Education based on Steiner pedagogy and pre-primary education based on Montessori pedagogy Applying for a decision and processing the application

5 1. Introduction The Finnish National Board of Education (FNBE) decides on the eligibility provided by foreign qualifications for public posts in Finland. People who have completed their studies abroad will need to obtain a Finnish National Board of Education decision when applying for a public sector post or position which requires specific qualifications laid down in law. Examples of such qualifications requirements include a higher education degree of a certain level or a specific educational qualification or module completed in Finland. The teaching profession is regulated in Finland, which means that legislation specifies certain educational qualifications requirements for teaching positions. If holders of degrees completed abroad wish to become eligible for a teaching post or position in Finland, they will generally need to apply to the Finnish National Board of Education for a decision on eligibility. The qualifications required for most teaching positions have been determined in the Teaching Qualifications Decree (986/1998). However, the professional qualifications of kindergarten teachers and special kindergarten teachers have been determined in the Act on Qualification Requirements for Social Welfare Professionals (272/2005) and the Government Decree on Qualification Requirements for Social Welfare Professionals (608/2005). Decisions taken by the Finnish National Board of Education are based on the Act on the Recognition of Professional Qualifications (1093/2007; hereinafter referred to as the Professional Qualifications Act ), the Act on Eligibility Provided by Foreign Higher Education Studies for Public Posts in Finland (531/1986; hereinafter referred to as the Foreign Studies Act ) or the Teaching Qualifications Decree (986/1998). The applicable law is determined according to the country of origin of the degree, the applicant s nationality and the eligibility being applied for. In order for a person who has completed teacher training abroad to be awarded a decision on recognition of his or her degree towards studies providing teaching qualifications in Finland, the applicant is required to be fully qualified in his or her country of origin to work in a teaching position which requires specific qualifications laid down in an Act or a Decree in Finland. In addition, 4

6 processing the application also involves determining the scope, contents and requirements of the studies included in the applicant s teacher training and comparing these with the studies required in Finland for a corresponding position. The decision may require the applicant to complete certain studies, an adaptation period or an aptitude test as a compensation measure. Decisions are formulated in keeping with legislation governing professional qualifications. A decision issued by the Finnish National Board of Education provides eligibility in terms of educational requirements. However, there may also be other requirements for a position, such as language skills or work experience. These need to be demonstrated to the employer in other ways. This guide is primarily intended for experts working with teachers holding foreign qualifications. The guide provides information about legislation on the basis of which decisions are made, criteria for awarding a favourable decision and examples of various decisions. Finally, the guide ends with a description of the decision application procedure and an overview of how applications are processed at the Finnish National Board of Education. 5

7 2. Recognition of professional teaching qualifications obtained by EU/EEA citizens in an EU/EEA state If the applicant is a citizen of an EU/EEA state or Switzerland and has qualified as a teacher in another EU/EEA state or in Switzerland, the decision is made by virtue of the Professional Qualifications Act. The Act is based on Directive 2005/36/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the recognition of professional qualifications. By virtue of the Professional Qualifications Act, the Finnish National Board of Education may issue a decision on eligibility as a teacher to a person who is fully qualified for a corresponding teaching position in another Member Country. In certain cases, the decision may also be issued in accordance with the Professional Qualifications Act where an EU/EEA citizen has obtained professional teaching qualifications outside the EU/EEA, provided that the qualifications have been recognised in another Member State and that the applicant has obtained at least three years of professional experience in the country that recognised the qualifications. In addition to recognition of professional qualifications, any applicant who has completed a higher education degree will also be awarded a decision on comparability of the level of the degree in accordance with the Foreign Studies Act. Such a decision also allows the applicant to prove his or her general eligibility for other public posts besides teaching positions. 2.1 Decision-making principles The Professional Qualifications Directive includes a classification of qualifications, where different types of certificates attesting to formal qualifications are grouped under levels a e. The qualification levels have been described in section 6 of the Professional Qualifications Act. A favourable decision requires that the applicant s teacher training is placed no more than one qualification level below that of the Finnish programme providing corresponding teaching qualifications. In practical terms, this means that a teacher who has completed post-secondary class teacher training lasting 1 2 years (level c), for example, cannot be granted eligibility as a class teacher, which in Finland requires completion of a university Master s degree (level e). Conversely, an applicant who has completed class teacher training 6

8 corresponding to the level of a Finnish university Bachelor s degree (level d) may be granted eligibility as a class teacher, because the Finnish programme is only one level above (level e). The duration and content of the applicant s training and the content of professional activities will be taken into account when reaching the decision. If the applicant s training or the content of professional activities in the country of origin differ substantially from the training qualifying for a corresponding teaching position or from the content of professional activities in Finland, a conditional decision may be issued to the applicant, imposing completion of a compensation measure. The applicant s professional experience and supplementary studies will be taken into account when assessing the necessity of a compensation measure. If the applicant s professional experience or supplementary studies can be deemed to make up for any substantial differences, the applicant will be granted unconditional eligibility. 2.2 Compensation measure and final decision Provisions on compensation measures are laid down in the Government Decree on an Adaptation Period and an Aptitude Test Required for the Recognition of Professional Qualifications (1207/2007). As a compensation measure, applicants may be required to complete an adaptation period or an aptitude test. Applicants who have received a conditional decision are free to choose whether to complete an adaptation period or an aptitude test. The aptitude test may be taken at a Finnish higher education institution offering studies required for the relevant teaching position. The compensation measure may be completed after the date of issue of the decision. Applicants cannot be required to complete supplementary studies. Completion of an adaptation period means that the applicant will work in Finland as a teacher appointed for a fixed term in the teaching position mentioned within the decision. The applicant is expected to find a job independently. In an aptitude test, the applicant is expected to demonstrate command of knowledge and skills required in the relevant teaching profession in Finland. The decision issued by the Finnish National Board of Education determines the subject areas covered by the aptitude test and where the test may be taken. The aptitude test consists of 2 3 subject areas, depending on the type of teaching concerned, and the applicant may either be required to complete all or some of them. In addition, the test involves compiling a portfolio and a feedback session. As a general rule, the aptitude test may be completed in Finnish 7

9 or Swedish. Aptitude tests have been designed in co-operation between Finnish higher education institutions and the Finnish National Board of Education. When an applicant who has received a conditional decision has completed either an adaptation period or an aptitude test, he or she should submit a notice of completion of a compensation measure to the Finnish National Board of Education, accompanied by the certificate awarded for completion. The Finnish National Board of Education will then issue a final decision, which the applicant can use to prove his or her eligibility. 2.3 Examples of decisions The following sections provide examples of applications for and decisions on recognition of professional qualifications. Examples of applications indicate details of the applicant s training and any possible professional experience. In addition to the examples provided below, a decision may also concern some other type of teaching qualifications required by law Class teachers Example 1: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Applying for: Applicant s degree Applicant s teacher training Applicant s work experience after the qualifications were obtained Difference from Finnish class teacher training France Class teacher teaching all subjects for the 6 12 age group. Eligibility for class teaching Maîtrise histoire, 1997: an academic degree in history requiring four years of full-time study. The degree falls within level e of the qualification classification set out in the Directive. The degree is comparable with a Finnish university Master s degree in terms of level. Diplôme professionnel de professeur des écoles, a one-year period of class teaching practice and related studies after passing a national competition, as well as working as a student teacher for a period of one year. Eight years of work experience as a class teacher in Finland As the academic degree is from a field other than education, the scopes of the degree studies in education and those corresponding to class teachers multidisciplinary studies are limited. 8

10 Finnish National Board of Education Decision on recognition of professional qualifications: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s certificates confer eligibility to work as a class teacher in basic education. The professional experience obtained by N.N. in Finland makes up for the substantial difference between his/her training and the corresponding national training. Example 2: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Applying for: Applicant s degree Applicant s teacher training Applicant s work experience after the qualifications were obtained Difference from Finnish class teacher training United Kingdom Eligible for positions corresponding to class teaching positions upon completion of a compulsory induction period. Eligibility for class teaching Bachelor of Arts, 2006: an academic degree in education and English requiring three years of full-time study. The degree falls within level d of the qualification classification set out in the Directive. The degree is comparable with a Finnish university Bachelor s degree in terms of level. Professional Graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE), 2008: a one-year programme preparing students to teach at primary schools. As the month compulsory induction period at a school as part of teacher training has not been completed, the applicant has been awarded provisional Qualified Teacher Status. None. The duration of the training is shorter than Finnish class teacher training. The training is below the level of Finnish class teacher training. The scopes of the degree studies corresponding to class teachers multidisciplinary studies are limited when compared with Finnish class teacher training. Finnish National Board of Education Decision on recognition of professional qualifications: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s certificates will confer eligibility to work as a class teacher in basic education upon completion of either an aptitude test or an adaptation period. The three subject areas covered by the aptitude test are Exploring teacher identity, The Finnish school and a demonstration of class teaching skills. The aptitude test may be taken at a higher education institution offering education leading to a degree providing teaching qualifications as a class teacher. 9

11 The adaptation period will be completed through work as a class teacher in Finland. The duration of the required adaptation period is 18 months. During the adaptation period, the applicant will work as a class teacher for a minimum of 10 teaching hours per week. If the applicant has 5 9 teaching hours per week, the duration of the adaptation period will be doubled. The adaptation period may be completed over several working periods with a minimum duration of 30 days per period. Single days, periods lasting less than 30 days or periods consisting of less than 5 teaching hours per week will not be counted towards the adaptation period. The adaptation period may be completed after <date of decision>. Completion of the adaptation period will be attested by a certificate awarded by the employer. The Finnish National Board of Education will make a final decision on recognition after N.N. has submitted a notice of completion of an adaptation period or an aptitude test to the Finnish National Board of Education Subject teachers Example: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Applying for: Applicant s degree Applicant s teacher training Applicant s work experience after the qualifications were obtained Difference from Finnish subject teacher training Romania Eligible to work as a subject teacher in the Romanian and French languages at levels equivalent to basic education and general upper secondary education. Eligibility as a French subject teacher in basic education and general upper secondary education. Licenţă, 1990: an academic degree requiring five years of full-time study, completed with Romanian as the major subject and French as the minor subject. The degree falls within level e of the qualification classification set out in the Directive. The degree is comparable with a Finnish university Master s degree in terms of level. Teachers pedagogical studies and teaching practice included as part of the Licenţă degree. None. Studies in French as a teaching subject are more limited than the teaching subject studies required of upper secondary school subject teachers in Finland. 10

12 Finnish National Board of Education Decision on recognition of professional qualifications: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s degree certificate confers eligibility to work as a subject teacher, where qualifications requirements are a university Master s degree, studies in French as a teaching subject as part of subject teacher training (minimum of 60 credits) and pedagogical studies for teachers (minimum of 60 credits). The degree certificate will confer eligibility to work as a subject teacher, where qualifications requirements are a university Master s degree, studies in French as a teaching subject as part of subject teacher training (minimum of 120 credits) and pedagogical studies for teachers (minimum of 60 credits), upon completion of either an aptitude test or an adaptation period. The two subject areas covered by the aptitude test are The Finnish school and a demonstration of French subject teaching skills at a general upper secondary school. The aptitude test may be taken at a higher education institution offering education leading to a degree providing teaching qualifications as a subject teacher. The adaptation period will be completed through work as a French subject teacher at a general upper secondary school in Finland. The duration of the required adaptation period is 9 months. During the adaptation period, the applicant will teach French at an upper secondary school for a minimum of 10 teaching hours per week. If the applicant has 5 9 teaching hours per week, the duration of the adaptation period will be doubled. The adaptation period may be completed over several working periods with a minimum duration of 30 days per period. Single days, periods lasting less than 30 days or periods consisting of less than 5 teaching hours per week will not be counted towards the adaptation period. The adaptation period may be completed after <date of decision>. Completion of the adaptation period will be attested by a certificate awarded by the employer. The Finnish National Board of Education will make a final decision on recognition after N.N. has submitted a notice of completion of an adaptation period or an aptitude test to the Finnish National Board of Education. 11

13 2.3.3 Special needs teachers Example: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Applying for: Applicant s degree Applicant s teacher training Applicant s work experience after the qualifications were obtained Difference from Finnish special needs teacher and special class teacher training Estonia Eligible to provide both special needs education and class teaching. Eligibility to provide part-time special needs education and special class teaching. Degree in special education and speech therapy, 1992: a five-year academic degree in education. The degree falls within level e of the qualification classification set out in the Directive. The degree is comparable with a Finnish university Master s degree in terms of level. Studies in the teaching subject, studies in special education and teaching practice included as part of the degree, as well as pedagogical studies for teachers. None. Studies for special needs teachers specialise in teaching pupils with speech difficulties and are more limited in scope than Finnish studies for special needs teachers. Finnish National Board of Education Decision on recognition of professional qualifications: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s qualification certificate will confer eligibility to provide special needs education referred to in section 17 of the Basic Education Act (628/1998) upon completion of either an aptitude test or an adaptation period. The three subject areas covered by the aptitude test are Exploring special needs teacher identity, The Finnish school and a demonstration of teaching skills in special needs education. The aptitude test may be taken at a higher education institution offering education leading to a degree providing teaching qualifications as a special needs teacher. The adaptation period will be completed through work as a special needs teacher in Finland. The duration of the required adaptation period is 18 months. During the adaptation period, the applicant will work as a special needs teacher for a minimum of 10 teaching hours per week. If the applicant has 5 9 teaching hours per week, the duration of the adaptation period will be doubled. The adaptation period may be completed over several working periods with a minimum duration of 30 days per period. Single days, periods lasting less than 30 days or periods consisting of less 12

14 than 5 teaching hours per week will not be counted towards the adaptation period. The adaptation period may be completed after <date of decision>. Completion of the adaptation period will be attested by a certificate awarded by the employer. The Finnish National Board of Education will make a final decision on recognition after N.N. has submitted a notice of completion of an adaptation period or an aptitude test to the Finnish National Board of Education Special kindergarten teachers Example: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Applying for: Applicant s degree Applicant s teacher training Applicant s work experience after the qualifications were obtained Difference from Finnish special kindergarten teacher training Switzerland Eligible for positions corresponding to kindergarten teacher and special kindergarten teacher positions. Eligibility for special kindergarten teacher positions. Diplôme de travail social, filière éducation spécialisée, 1998: a three-year professional higher education degree for kindergarten teachers and special kindergarten teachers. The degree falls within level d of the qualification classification set out in the Directive. The degree is comparable with a Finnish polytechnic Bachelor s degree. Included in the higher education degree. Four years of work experience as a special kindergarten teacher in Switzerland. Limited studies in special pedagogy Finnish National Board of Education Decision on recognition of professional qualifications: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s degree certificate will confer eligibility to work as a special kindergarten teacher upon completion of either an aptitude test or an adaptation period. The two subject areas covered by the aptitude test are Exploring special needs teacher identity and Early childhood education and care in Finland. The aptitude test may be taken at a higher education institution offering education leading to a degree providing teaching qualifications as a special kindergarten teacher. 13

15 The adaptation period will be completed through work as a special kindergarten teacher in Finland. The duration of the adaptation period is 12 months. During the adaptation period, the applicant will work as a special kindergarten teacher for a minimum average of 22 hours per week. If the applicant s average working hours in this position are hours per week, the duration of the adaptation period will be doubled. The adaptation period may also be completed in several working periods. The minimum duration of any working period included in the adaptation period is one month. Single days, periods lasting less than 30 days or periods consisting of less than 11 working hours per week will not be counted towards the adaptation period. The adaptation period may be completed after <date of decision>. Completion of the adaptation period will be attested by a certificate awarded by the employer. The Finnish National Board of Education will make a final decision on recognition after N.N. has submitted a notice of completion of an adaptation period or an aptitude test to the Finnish National Board of Education Kindergarten teachers and teachers providing pre-primary education Example: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Applying for: Applicant s degree Applicant s teacher training Applicant s work experience after the qualifications were obtained Difference from Finnish training Estonia Eligible for positions corresponding to kindergarten teacher and preprimary teacher positions. Eligibility as a kindergarten teacher and a pre-primary teacher Baccalaureus artium, 2005: a four-year academic degree in education. The degree falls within level e of the qualification classification set out in the Directive. The degree is comparable with a Finnish university Master s degree in terms of level. A university continuing training programme qualifying for positions in early childhood education and care, The scope of the programme was 160 hours and it qualified the applicant for positions as a kindergarten teacher and a pre-primary teacher. None. The applicant s studies preparing for positions in pre-primary education and early childhood education and care are limited when compared with Finnish training. 14

16 Finnish National Board of Education Decision on recognition of professional qualifications: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s certificates will confer eligibility to work as a kindergarten teacher upon completion of either an aptitude test or an adaptation period. The certificates will also confer eligibility to provide pre-primary education for teaching groups not including basic education pupils in accordance with section 7(2) of the Teaching Qualifications Decree (986/1998), as amended by Decree 865/2005 of 3 rd November 2005, upon completion of either an aptitude test or an adaptation period. The two subject areas covered by the aptitude test are Early childhood education and care in Finland and Educational situation. The aptitude test may be taken at a higher education institution offering education leading to a degree providing teaching qualifications as a kindergarten teacher and a pre-primary teacher. The adaptation period will be completed through work as a kindergarten and pre-primary teacher in Finland. The duration of the adaptation period is 12 months. During the adaptation period, the applicant will work as a kindergarten and pre-primary teacher for a minimum average of 22 hours per week. If the applicant s average working hours in this position are hours per week, the duration of the adaptation period will be doubled. The adaptation period may also be completed in several working periods. The minimum duration of any working period included in the adaptation period is one month. Single days, periods lasting less than 30 days or periods consisting of less than 11 working hours per week will not be counted towards the adaptation period. The adaptation period may be completed after <date of decision>. Completion of the adaptation period will be attested by a certificate awarded by the employer. The Finnish National Board of Education will make a final decision on recognition after N.N. has submitted a notice of completion of an adaptation period or an aptitude test to the Finnish National Board of Education. 15

17 2.3.6 Kindergarten teachers Example: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Applying for: Applicant s degree and teacher training Applicant s work experience after the qualifications were obtained Difference from Finnish training Germany Eligible for kindergarten teacher positions. Eligibility for positions corresponding to kindergarten teacher positions A two-year qualification in kindergarten pedagogy completed in the German Democratic Republic in The qualification falls within level c of the qualification classification set out in the Directive. As the qualification is not a higher education degree, it is not comparable with the relevant Finnish degree in terms of level. Additionally, one-year continuing training programme completed in the Federal Republic of Germany in 1998, conferring a qualification certificate as a kindergarten teacher (Erzieherin). None. The training programme falls below the level of Finnish kindergarten teacher training. Limited studies in education. Finnish National Board of Education Decision on recognition of professional qualifications: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s qualification certificate will confer eligibility to work as a kindergarten teacher in accordance with the Act on Qualification Requirements for Social Welfare Professionals (272/2005) upon completion of either an aptitude test or an adaptation period. The three subject areas covered by the aptitude test are Exploring teacher identity, Early childhood education and care in Finland and Educational situation. The aptitude test may be taken at a higher education institution offering education leading to a degree providing teaching qualifications as a kindergarten teacher. The adaptation period will be completed through work as a kindergarten teacher in Finland. The duration of the adaptation period is 24 months. During the adaptation period, the applicant will work as a kindergarten teacher for a minimum average of 22 hours per week. If the applicant s average working hours in this position are hours per week, the duration of the adaptation period will be doubled. The adaptation period may also be completed in several working periods. The minimum duration 16

18 of any working period included in the adaptation period is one month. Single days, periods lasting less than 30 days or periods consisting of less than 11 working hours per week will not be counted towards the adaptation period. The adaptation period may be completed after <date of decision>. Completion of the adaptation period will be attested by a certificate awarded by the employer. The Finnish National Board of Education will make a final decision on recognition after N.N. has submitted a notice of completion of an adaptation period or an aptitude test to the Finnish National Board of Education. 3. Teaching qualifications from another Nordic country If a person has completed a formal class teaching degree with a duration of at least three years in Sweden, Denmark, Norway or Iceland, he or she is qualified to work as a class teacher without any specific decision (see Decree 986/1998, section 4). If a person has completed a class teaching degree with a duration of less than three years in Sweden, Denmark, Norway or Iceland, he or she is qualified to teach grades 1 4 of basic education and, upon completion of additional studies determined in the Finnish National Board of Education Decision No. 181/014/1998, all grades in basic education. Even those who have completed a class teaching degree in another Nordic country and are therefore qualified without a specific decision may apply for recognition of their eligibility in accordance with the Professional Qualifications Act, if they wish. 17

19 4. Comparability of teacher training obtained outside the EU/EEA Where an applicant has completed his or her teaching degree outside the EU/ EEA or where he or she is not an EU/EEA citizen, the decision-making process will apply the Foreign Studies Act and the Government Decree on Studies Supplementing Higher Education Courses Completed Abroad (1206/2007). This is referred to as the comparability of qualifications or studies. 4.1 Decision-making principles and supplementary studies required in decisions If an application concerns eligibility to work as a teacher in Finland, foreign teacher training will be compared with the studies required for the corresponding position in Finland. In order to be deemed comparable, the studies must correspond to those included in the relevant Finnish teacher training in terms of scope, contents and requirements. If the studies do not correspond to those required in Finland for an equivalent teaching position in terms of content, the decision may be issued conditionally. This means that the decision requires the applicant to complete supplementary studies in Finland. Supplementary studies may include those relating to subject knowledge or studies in education. The maximum scopes of supplementary studies have been laid down by Decree 1206/2007. A favourable decision cannot be granted if the total scope is exceeded. Where necessary, the Finnish National Board of Education will request an opinion from a Finnish university faculty to assess comparability of the contents of the studies. When the Finnish National Board of Education issues a decision imposing supplementary studies on an applicant, the applicant must independently obtain a right to study at a university offering such studies. Once the applicant has completed the studies, he or she will be granted a certificate for the studies by the university. Thereafter, the applicant may use the conditional decision and the university certificate to demonstrate his or her eligibility. There is no need to apply for another decision. 18

20 4.2 Examples of decisions Class teachers Class teacher training leads to a university Master s degree in Finland. In order for a foreign degree to be deemed comparable with the studies required of class teachers in Finland, it must correspond to a Finnish university Master s degree in terms of level and to the studies included in class teacher training in terms of contents. In addition, the degree must confer full eligibility for positions corresponding to class teacher positions in the country of origin. The comparability of the level of a degree is assessed by the Finnish National Board of Education. The Board may request an opinion on comparability of the contents of studies from a university unit providing class teacher training. In other words, the university unit is asked to issue an opinion on whether the degree corresponds to a Finnish Master of Arts (Education) degree conferring class teacher qualifications. In addition, the unit is asked to determine the supplementary studies to be required, if any. Example: Country of origin of the degree Applicant s degree Applicant s teacher training Applicant s professional qualifications in the country of origin Russia Primary teacher and Karelian teacher, The degree is a fiveyear academic degree comparable with a Finnish university Master s degree in terms of level. Teacher training is included in the degree. Eligible for positions corresponding to class teacher positions. Finnish National Board of Education Decision on comparability of the degree: The Finnish National Board of Education has decided that N.N. s higher education degree is comparable with a Finnish university Master s degree. The higher education degree completed by N.N. will be deemed comparable with a Master of Arts (Education) degree conferring class teaching qualifications, which includes multidisciplinary studies in subjects and cross-curricular themes taught at comprehensive school or in basic education with a minimum scope of 60 credits and teachers pedagogical studies with a minimum scope of 60 credits, provided that N.N. completes the following studies in accordance with the degree requirements of class teacher training as supplementary studies (59 credits in total): 19

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