COOPERATION IN EUROPE

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1 UNIVERSITET 1. MARTS 2013 COOPERATION IN EUROPE - IN GERMAN AND NORDIC HIGHER EDUCATION HAMBURG, JUNE 18, 2013 RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN præsen TATION

2 AGENDA 1. Goal: Innovation Union a competitive Europe 2. Where are we: Strong universities and attractive societies in the Nordic countries and Germany 3. How did we get there: A common focus on excellence! 4. Current Challenges and medium term targets 5. How do we contribute to a stronger and innovative Europe? 2

3 INNOVATION UNION A COMPETITIVE EUROPE Universities As Key Players In The Future Of Europe Contribute to finding the solutions to the grand challenges Economic growth and innovation Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) A new mindset for researchers and universities: Research must to a greater extent be defined in a social context. 3

4 4

5 EFFECTIVE AND INNOVATIVE SOCIETIES Effective public sectors (quality in education, health care, pervasive ICT, etc.) Prioritizing R&D and higher education Public/private cooperation Open competitive economies, and labor markets 5

6 COMPETITIVE SYSTEMS Rank Country Score 1 United States Sweden 85,2 3 Switzerland 81,6 4 Canada 80,0 5 Denmark 79,8 6 Finland 79,4 7 Netherlands 78,2 8 Australia 77,2 9 Singapore 76,6 10 United Kingdom 74,9 11 Austria 71,8 12 Norway 71,8 13 Belgium 71,0 14 New Zealand 69,7 15 Germany 68,2 16 Hong Kong 67,6 16 France 67,6 Indicators: Resources Quality insurance systems Internationalization Output 6 Kilde: University systems ranking, Universitas 21 (2013)

7 Source: University systems ranking, Lisbon Council (2010) AARHUS INCLUSIVE AND EFFICIENT HIGHER EDUCATION SYTEMS Rank Country Score 1 Australia UK Denmark Finland USA Sweden Ireland Portugal Italy France Poland Hungary Netherlands Switzerland Germany Austria Spain 79.4 Indicators: Inclusiveness Access Effectiveness Attractiveness Responsiveness 7

8 VERY PRODUCTIVE RESEARCH SYSTEMS Rank Country Number of publications Citations/publication Switzerland ,77 2 Denmark ,42 3 USA ,18 4 Netherlands ,05 5 Sweden ,09 6 Finland ,64 7 Canada ,55 8 Great Britain ,42 9 Belgium ,1 10 Israel ,66 11 Norway ,63 12 Austria ,01 13 Australia Germany ,79 Source: Scimago Journal & Country Rank (www.scimagojr.com) Researchers in the Nordic countries and Germany are among the most highly cited in the World 8

9 NUMBER OF ERC GRANTS Advanced grants Starting grants

10 CITIZENS PER ERC GRANT Rank Country Citizens Citizens per ERC grant 1 Switzerland Israel Netherlands Sweden Denmark United Kingdom Belgium Finland Austria France Ireland Germany Spain Italy Greece

11 Research & Development - per cent of GDP Source: Eurostat Standard of Living - PPS per capita 11

12 12

13 WHY ARE THE NORDIC COUNTRIES AND GERMANY DOING SO WELL? Long term perspectives in research policy and strategy Talent development as a key priority Focus on excellence in research (as outlined in the Aarhus Declaration) Stable or increasing funding levels The principles of the Aarhus Declaration of excellence: Basic research is the foundation Freedom and trust in the individual researcher Respect for the long-term perspective 13

14 REFORMS IN EUROPE DENMARK AS AN EXAMPLE The Bologna Declaration: Governments working to create coherent educational systems by Signed by 29 countries. The European Research Area: Coordination of research and development activities in Europe DK: The Research Commission and OECD Review European Higher Education Area: 10 years after the Bologna process. 47 countries have signed the Bologna Declaration. Globlisation Council The reform of doctoral education The research academy The PhD Decree , 4+4, 3+5 The Danish National Research Foundation: (Fundamental blue sky ) and Strategic research programmes: Environment, food, biotech, materials technology Management and governance reforms: The new University Act (2003, 2011) Reform of research council system Structural reform: 28 institutions become 8 universities and 3 departments 90 colleges become 8 university colleges

15 REFORM OF DOCTORAL EDUCATION IN DENMARK AND RESEARCH IMPACT In 1990, on average, Danish research was cited less than the world average In the 1980s, Denmark reformed its doctoral education system From apprenticeship to graduate schools - and a marked increase in the number of ph.d. s Source: The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Fostering Breakthrough Research, p. 13 in appendix Since 2005, Danish research citation rates have been approximately 35% above the world 15 average

16 EXCELLENCE INITIATIVES Denmark: The Danish National Research Foundation and the UNIK-initiative 88 Centres of Excellence established since 1991 App. 1 billion Euro Sweden: Linnaeus Environments 40 research environments supported since 2006 Germany: Exzellenzinitiative 37 Clusters of Excellence and 39 Graduate Schools established since ,9 billion Euros EU: European Research Council 2034 advanced grants and 1420 starting grants since

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18 THE POPULATION OF THE WORLD IS NOW MORE THAN 7 BILLION The objective of Horizon 2020 is to contribute to solutions to the major challenges facing society, while at the same time ensuring EU's competitiveness: Public health and demographic change Food safety and sustainable agriculture Strategic resources and renewable energy supplies Sustainable transport systems Climate change Inclusive and secure democratic societies

19 CURRENT CHALLENGES FOR EUROPE Recession in the Euro zone Unemployment Competition from the BRICS Knowledge is the bridge towards sustainable economies, increased innovation, education and research (Innovation Union, Horizon 2020) 19

20 CHALLENGES FOR RESEARCH POLICY IN EUROPE Cohesion in Europe North/south and west/east Regional development and research policy are two different things Maintain high level of funding for research and the universities Horizon 2020 with an increased budget? National funding: mixed picture 20

21 TRENDS IN PUBLIC FUNDING Trends in public funding to higher education in Europe in the period Source: EUA Funding Forum (11-12 June 2013) 21

22 EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA BOARD TARGETS FOR 2030 The European Research Area Board recommends the following milestones for 2030: 50% of the EU's research funds should be allocated to ground-breaking basic research 20% of EU doctoral candidates should work outside their home country, and researchers should generally be more internationally mobile 5% of GDP should be be spent on research. Two-thirds of this spending should come from the private sector. The EU and its member states should triple spending on higher education degree programmes to 3.3 % of GNP Innovation Union 2020 predicts 1 million new research positions

23 23

24 COOPERATION - as a means towards our goal INNOVATION UNION Improved mobility among researchers in Europe increases network building and transnational cooperation Collaboration strengthens quality in research a.o. coauthored papers are more highly cited Unique research infrastructures attracts top researchers and is a driver for international collaboration (CERN, ESO, ESA, ESS, etc.) Horizon 2020 Policy and strategy through EUA, LERU, COIMBRA, HRK/NUS a.o. 24

25 INNOVATION UNION A COMPETITIVE EUROPE Universities As Key Players In The Future Of Europe Contribute to finding the solutions to the grand challenges Economic growth and innovation Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) A new mindset for researchers and universities: Research must to a greater extent be defined in a social context. 25

26 AARHUS AARHUS RECTOR LAURITZ B. HOLM-NIELSEN JUNE THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION! 26

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