Mergers in Produc.on and Percep.on. Ka.e Drager (University of Hawai i at Mānoa) Jennifer Hay (University of Canterbury)

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Mergers in Produc.on and Percep.on. Ka.e Drager (University of Hawai i at Mānoa) Jennifer Hay (University of Canterbury)"

Transcription

1 Mergers in Produc.on and Percep.on Ka.e Drager (University of Hawai i at Mānoa) Jennifer Hay (University of Canterbury)

2 Big huge thank you to: Our collaborators: Paul Warren, Bryn Thomas, and Rebecca Clifford

3 Mergers- in- progress Produc.on vs. Iden.fica.on vs. Discrimina.on a glimpse into how sounds are stored and accessed in the mind Social informa.on its role in produc.on and percep.on priming with the concept of social informa.on (e.g., concept of a region) Word- based varia.on lexical diffusion real vs. nonsense words Phonological context condi.onally merged

4 The NEAR- SQUARE merger in NZE Merger on [iəә] Most evidence suggests that this is a female- led merger Led by members of lower socioeconomic groups The merger is s.ll in progress: older NZers are more likely to maintain the dis.nc.on than younger NZers

5 NEAR/SQUARE Experiments Hay et al. (2010) Iden.fica.on: played dis.nct tokens one at a.me - par.cipants iden.fied which word they heard in a binary, forced- choice task US & NZ experimenter Produc.on: read words in minimal pairs US & NZ experimenter Odd One Out task: beer bear bare auditory instruc.ons (UK & NZ) wri_en task (US & NZ)

6 Summary of results In produc.on, par.cipants who met with the US experimenter were more likely to maintain a dis.nc.on than those who met with the NZ experimenter (Hay et al. 2009). In iden.fica.on, experimenter iden.ty ma_ers (Hay et al. 2006) merged par.cipants make more errors if they met with the US experimenter but par.cipants who met with the US experimenter were more likely to report that the word pairs were dis.nct. Exposure to instruc.ons/pre- task (Hay et al. 2010) dis.nct par.cipants were more accurate when exposed to UK instruc.ons/us task merged par.cipants were more accurate when exposed to NZ instruc.ons/nz task

7 Our interpreta.on Levels of representa.on that we assume: phone.cally- detailed words/u_erances phonological abstrac.on lexical abstrac.on All levels are indexed to every other level. The phone.cally- rich level is indexed to social informa.on. The other levels are indexed to social informa.on when the rela.onship is above the level of consciousness. Different tasks cause individuals to ac.vate different levels of representa.on

8 iəә biəә bɪɹ biəә biəә biəә beəә biəә beer US beəә bɪəә biəә bɛɹ bɛɹ beəә bare Sketch of exemplar model with word- level distribu.ons of remembered exemplars, and labeling for phonemic category and dialect area, for someone who is merged on NEAR. (Hay et al 2010: 465)

9 Resonance (see Johnson 2006: 495) Merged Dis*nct Phoneme level One distribu.on. Two distribu.ons. Phone.cally- detailed word level Dis.nct speech/concept introduces noise makes distribu.ons overlap even more Two distribu.ons. (adapted from Hay et al. 2010: 467) Dis.nct speech/concept makes more dis.nct. Dis.nct speech/concept increases dis.nc.on between distribu.ons Two distribu.ons. Dis.nct speech/concept makes more dis.nct.

10 Tes.ng our interpreta.on: real vs. nonsense words In exemplar theory, real words would have representa.ons that are phone.cally detailed, while nonsense words would not because they have not previously been encountered. This means that individuals rely on word- based exemplars for real words but must rely on phoneme- based representa.ons for nonsense words.

11 For condi.onal mergers, this means that: In produc.on subjects will be more merged when producing real words because they are relying on phone.cally- detailed word- based representa.ons subjects will be less merged when producing nonsense words because they are relying on phoneme- based representa.ons and the merger is only in some phonological contexts In percep.on provided that there are some people in the community who maintain a dis.nc.on in all contexts, subjects should be more accurate when iden.fying real words because they have stored representa.ons of them

12 The Ellen/Allan merger in NZE Prelateral merger of DRESS and TRAP shell/shall celery/salary melody/malady Condi.oned merger, nearly complete. Vowels are merged near the non- prelateral TRAP token

13 16 Par.cipants: Ellen/Allan Experiment (Thomas 2004; Thomas & Hay 2005) 1) real word produc.on 2) nonce word produc.on 3) real word percep.on 4) nonce word percep.on

14 Results In produc.on, many speakers maintained more separa.on between the vowels when producing nonsense words

15 MALE 7: REAL WORDS F HEAD DRESS TRAP HAD 600 F

16 MALE 7: NONSENSE WORDS F HEAD DRESS TRAP HAD 600 F

17 FEMALE 8: REAL WORDS F DRESS TRAP HEAD HAD F

18 FEMALE 8: NONSENSE WORDS F DRESS TRAP HEAD HAD F

19 This interacts with social class higher SEC lower SEC

20 In Percep.on Some listeners were more accurate at iden.fying vowels in real words than nonsense words.

21 Summary of results Some NZers were more accurate with real words than nonsense words in percep.on But they maintained a greater dis.nc.on with nonsense words than real words in produc.on.

22 Interpreta.on In produc.on, speakers must rely on phoneme- level produc.ons for nonsense words. Phonemic representa.ons also contain the non- prelateral (non- merged) tokens, which pulls the distribu.ons apart. In percep.on, the real word exemplars include *some* dis.nct tokens, which help in iden.fica.on (even though the listeners feel they are guessing)

23 Cot/Caught Experiment (Drager et al. in progress) Same experiment design but with the cot- caught merger hock pod dodd hawk pawed dawd Par.cipants from Hawai i and western states in the con.nental US regions where we would expect the merger in at least some phonological contexts (Labov et al.)

24 All par.cipants were merged to at least some degree, especially before /n/. Par.cipants merged to varying degrees in other phonological contexts: some merged en.rely on LOT whereas others produced the correct vowel in over 65% of tokens.

25 Example of a nearly merged par.cipant pod pawed

26 Example of a nearly merged par.cipant vod vawd

27 Summary of results (so far) Those who maintain some dis.nc.on were more accurate at iden.fying real words than nonsense words in percep.on (p<0.05). In produc.on, these par.cipants were more likely to maintain a dis.nc.on in nonsense words than in real words (p<0.01). Those who were fully merged were more accurate at iden.fying nonsense words than real words in percep.on (p<0.05). They did not produce a dis.nc.on in real or nonsense words (though this is based on auditory analysis acous.c analysis is in progress).

28 Summary of produc.on and percep.on sound task effect for fully merged effect for condi*onal/nearly merged Ellen/Allan Iden.fica.on n/a slightly less accurate with nonse words Produc.on n/a greater dis.nc.on with nonse words cot/caught Iden.fica.on more accurate with nonse less accurate with nonse words words Produc.on merged in both greater dis.nc.on with nonse words

29 In produc.on Speakers produce the merger because they are accessing phone.cally- rich representa.ons of the words. Except when they are producing novel words (i.e., when they don t have phone.cally- rich lexical/u_erance- level representa.ons to rely on). Then, speakers with some degree of dis.nc.on in some real words/phonological contexts are biased by those dis.nct distribu.ons and are more likely to produce a dis.nc.on.

30 In an iden.fica.on task Individuals access phone.cally- rich lexical informa.on, enabling their high accuracy rates despite their feeling that they are guessing. Feel like the words are the same because they are linked to the same phonemic label, but The word- level distribu.ons are not completely overlapping in their representa.ons, so they perform above chance during iden.fica.on. Par.cipants who are fully merged may be more accurate with nonsense words because: they have adopted a spelling- based strategy; par.cipants tune in to some meaningless- to- them phone.c difference and assign a spelling to it, or there may be a greater phone.c dis.nc.on in the cot- caught nonsense s.muli than the real words more analysis and more data are required

31 In sum There are different levels of mental representa.ons. Different tasks (e.g., real vs. nonsense words, produc.on and percep.on tasks) focus on different levels of representa.on. Mergers- in- progress are the ideal medium in which to explore these ques.ons precisely because their mental representa.ons differ across the different levels.

32 References Drager, Ka.e, Jen Hay, & Rebecca Clifford (in progress author order?) The percep.on and produc.on of caught and cot: evidence from real and nonsense words. Hay, Jennifer, Ka.e Drager and Paul Warren (2009) Careful who you talk to: An effect of experimenter iden.ty on the produc.on of the NEAR/SQUARE merger in New Zealand English. Australian Journal of Linguis6cs 29(2): Hay, Jennifer, Ka.e Drager, and Paul Warren (2010) Short- term exposure to one dialect affects processing of another. Language and Speech 53(4): Hay, Jennifer, Paul Warren and Ka.e Drager (2006) Factors influencing speech percep.on in the context of a merger- in- progress. Journal of Phone6cs 34, 4: Thomas, Brynmor (2004) In support of an exemplar- based approach to speech percep.on and produc.on: A case study on the merging of pre- lateral DRESS and TRAP in New Zealand English. Unpublished MA thesis. University of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand. Thomas, Brynmor and Hay, Jennifer (2005) A pleasant malady: The Ellen/Allan merger in New Zealand English. Te Reo 48:

From Fush to Feesh: Exemplar Priming in Speech Perception

From Fush to Feesh: Exemplar Priming in Speech Perception From Fush to Feesh: Exemplar Priming in Speech Perception (preprint of article to appear in The Linguistic Review) Jennifer Hay, Aaron Nolan and Katie Drager University of Canterbury New Zealand Corresponding

More information

AUDITORY LEXICAL ACCESS. Laura Gwilliams Neural Bases of Language

AUDITORY LEXICAL ACCESS. Laura Gwilliams Neural Bases of Language AUDITORY LEXICAL ACCESS Laura Gwilliams Neural Bases of Language LEXICAL ENTRY LEXICAL ENTRY The connection between sound and meaning LEXICAL ENTRY The connection between sound and meaning /kæt/ LEXICAL

More information

Effects of visualization mode and context on comprehension and decision making in litigation law

Effects of visualization mode and context on comprehension and decision making in litigation law Effects of visualization mode and context on comprehension and decision making in litigation law Laura A. Evans Jury Decision Making The story model (Pennington & Has;e, 1992) Trial Evidence Prior Knowledge

More information

Table 1 gives lexical set words (Wells, 1982) for New Zealand English (NZE)

Table 1 gives lexical set words (Wells, 1982) for New Zealand English (NZE) NZE Phonology 1 Vowels Table 1 gives lexical set words (Wells, 1982) for New Zealand English (NZE) vowels, together with suggested transcription symbols (for further details see Bauer and Warren, 2004).

More information

Big Data and Its Empiricist Founda4ons. Teresa Scantamburlo

Big Data and Its Empiricist Founda4ons. Teresa Scantamburlo Big Data and Its Empiricist Founda4ons Teresa Scantamburlo The evolu4on of Data Science The mechaniza4on of induc4on The business of data The Big Data paradigm (data + computa4on) Cri4cal analysis Tenta4ve

More information

Theo JD Bothma Department of Informa1on Science theo.bothma@up.ac.za

Theo JD Bothma Department of Informa1on Science theo.bothma@up.ac.za Theo JD Bothma Department of Informa1on Science theo.bothma@up.ac.za Reflec1ons on the role of corpora and big data in e- lexicography in rela1on to end user informa1on needs CILC 2015 7th Interna1onal

More information

CS 4604: Introduc0on to Database Management Systems. B. Aditya Prakash Lecture #5: En-ty/Rela-onal Models- - - Part 1

CS 4604: Introduc0on to Database Management Systems. B. Aditya Prakash Lecture #5: En-ty/Rela-onal Models- - - Part 1 CS 4604: Introduc0on to Database Management Systems B. Aditya Prakash Lecture #5: En-ty/Rela-onal Models- - - Part 1 Announcements- - - Project Goal: design a database system applica-on with a web front-

More information

Phonological Awareness in Preschool

Phonological Awareness in Preschool Schools Teaching Early Phonological Awareness Skills Phonological Awareness in Preschool Stephanie Robbins Forbes, M.S. CCC-SLP James Madison University Harrisonburg, VA Lee Ann Sweet Gray, M.S. CCC-SLP

More information

Na#onal Asbestos Forum 2013: Advance in Medical Research on Asbestos- Related Diseases

Na#onal Asbestos Forum 2013: Advance in Medical Research on Asbestos- Related Diseases Na#onal Asbestos Forum 2013: Advance in Medical Research on Asbestos- Related Diseases Professor Nico van Zandwijk Asbestos Diseases Research Ins#tute Content List of Asbestos- Related Diseases Epidemiology

More information

Modeling Adaptation to a Novel Accent

Modeling Adaptation to a Novel Accent Modeling Adaptation to a Novel Accent Kasia Hitczenko 1 (khit@umd.edu) Naomi H. Feldman 1,2 (nhf@umd.edu) 1 Department of Linguistics and 2 Institute for Advanced Computer Studies 1401 Marie Mount Hall,

More information

BBN ANG 141 Foundations of phonology 5 Phonology 2: The vowel phonemes of English

BBN ANG 141 Foundations of phonology 5 Phonology 2: The vowel phonemes of English BBN ANG 141 Foundations of phonology 5 Phonology 2: The vowel phonemes of English Péter Szigetvári Dept of English Linguistics, Eötvös Loránd University 11 March 2009 szp (delg) intro phono 5/vowel phonemes

More information

SBML SBGN SBML Just my 2 cents. Alice C. Villéger COMBINE 2010

SBML SBGN SBML Just my 2 cents. Alice C. Villéger COMBINE 2010 SBML SBGN SBML Just my 2 cents Alice C. Villéger COMBINE 2010 Disclaimer Fuzzy talk work in progress last minute slides Someone else has been working on very similar stuff and should really have been talking

More information

LABORATORY ACTIVITIES FOR LARGE AND ONLINE PHONETICS CLASSES

LABORATORY ACTIVITIES FOR LARGE AND ONLINE PHONETICS CLASSES LABORATORY ACTIVITIES FOR LARGE AND ONLINE PHONETICS CLASSES Timothy Mills 1, Karen Pollock 2, and Benjamin V. Tucker 1 1 Department of Linguistics, 2 Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders,

More information

Dr. Wei Wei Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Vietnam Campus January 2013

Dr. Wei Wei Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology, Vietnam Campus January 2013 Research Summary: Can integrated skills tasks change students use of learning strategies and materials? A case study using PTE Academic integrated skills items Dr. Wei Wei Royal Melbourne Institute of

More information

22 Variables that Don t Affect Retention of Online or Dev Ed Courses Anywhere

22 Variables that Don t Affect Retention of Online or Dev Ed Courses Anywhere 22 Variables that Don t Affect Retention of Online or Dev Ed Courses Anywhere (And a few that do) What is A Gates funded grant bringing together 6 institutions in matched pairs 2 Community Colleges 2 Universities

More information

SUFFIX SPELLING CHANGES RULE CHARTS

SUFFIX SPELLING CHANGES RULE CHARTS An increased awareness of phonetic and structural patterns in words develops spelling consciousness, thereby leading to improved encoding accuracy. Visual learners tend to be better spellers since they

More information

PERCEPTION OF VOWEL QUANTITY BY ENGLISH LEARNERS

PERCEPTION OF VOWEL QUANTITY BY ENGLISH LEARNERS PERCEPTION OF VOWEL QUANTITY BY ENGLISH LEARNERS OF CZECH AND NATIVE LISTENERS Kateřina Chládková Václav Jonáš Podlipský Karel Janíček Eva Boudová 1 INTRODUCTION Vowels in both English and Czech are realized

More information

Revisiting TCPA: Staying Compliant While Addressing the Challenges and Complexities

Revisiting TCPA: Staying Compliant While Addressing the Challenges and Complexities !! Wifi Access Code: leadspedia Follow Us: #leadscon!! WEDNESDAY, 9:00 9:40 AM!! Revisiting TCPA: Staying Compliant While Addressing the Challenges and Complexities MODERATOR: Rachel Hirsch, Senior Associate,

More information

Musical Sound Source Separation based on Computation Auditory Scene Analysis

Musical Sound Source Separation based on Computation Auditory Scene Analysis Musical Sound Source Separation based on Computation Auditory Scene Analysis Jinyu Han Interactive Audio Lab Northwestern University Outline of presentation Cocktail party problem Overlapped Harmonics

More information

The Development of a Strategic Planning Framework for VCU s College of Humani?es and Sciences

The Development of a Strategic Planning Framework for VCU s College of Humani?es and Sciences The Development of a Strategic Planning Framework for VCU s College of Humani?es and Sciences Data Analysis and Representa?on Interpreta?on U?liza?on Why are we here? During the fall 0 CHS retreat, Dean

More information

The Not- So- Simple California LLC: New Laws Governing Fiduciary Du@es of LLC Members

The Not- So- Simple California LLC: New Laws Governing Fiduciary Du@es of LLC Members The Not- So- Simple California LLC: New Laws Governing Fiduciary Du@es of LLC Members Ma# Mahoney, Esq. Founding Partner, Witham Mahoney & Abbo7 THIS IS YOUR CLIENT He sa1sfies the 3 R s of the Perfect

More information

Clinical teachers experiences of nursing and teaching. Dr. Helen Forbes Deakin University

Clinical teachers experiences of nursing and teaching. Dr. Helen Forbes Deakin University Clinical teachers experiences of nursing and teaching Dr. Helen Forbes Deakin University Main research ques7on How do clinical nurse teachers experience teaching undergraduate nursing students on clinical

More information

What is the best way of teaching Geography at each year level? John Butler OAM FACE

What is the best way of teaching Geography at each year level? John Butler OAM FACE What is the best way of teaching Geography at each year level? John Butler OAM FACE Matching developmental learning with suitable methodology Methodology How does methodology progress and change from Founda@on

More information

Social Media Analy.cs (SMA)

Social Media Analy.cs (SMA) Social Media Analy.cs (SMA) Emanuele Della Valle DEIB - Politecnico di Milano emanuele.dellavalle@polimi.it hap://emanueledellavalle.org What's social media? haps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sgniiud_oqg

More information

This is the flow diagram of a hearing aid that is currently under inves8ga8on at Essex University. The purpose of this talk is to explain how the

This is the flow diagram of a hearing aid that is currently under inves8ga8on at Essex University. The purpose of this talk is to explain how the 1 This is the flow diagram of a hearing aid that is currently under inves8ga8on at Essex University. The purpose of this talk is to explain how the design is linked to research using computer models of

More information

Nodes, Ties and Influence

Nodes, Ties and Influence Nodes, Ties and Influence Chapter 2 Chapter 2, Community Detec:on and Mining in Social Media. Lei Tang and Huan Liu, Morgan & Claypool, September, 2010. 1 IMPORTANCE OF NODES 2 Importance of Nodes Not

More information

IT Change Management Process Training

IT Change Management Process Training IT Change Management Process Training Before you begin: This course was prepared for all IT professionals with the goal of promo9ng awareness of the process. Those taking this course will have varied knowledge

More information

Copyright is owned by the Author of the thesis. Permission is given for a copy to be downloaded by an individual for the purpose of research and

Copyright is owned by the Author of the thesis. Permission is given for a copy to be downloaded by an individual for the purpose of research and Copyright is owned by the Author of the thesis. Permission is given for a copy to be downloaded by an individual for the purpose of research and private study only. The thesis may not be reproduced elsewhere

More information

Skills, Technology and Capital Intensity: Employment & Wage Shi;s in post- apartheid South Africa

Skills, Technology and Capital Intensity: Employment & Wage Shi;s in post- apartheid South Africa Skills, Technology and Capital Intensity: Employment & Wage Shi;s in post- apartheid South Africa Haroon Bhorat ILO Symposium for Employers on the Future of Work 5 6 December 2013 Outline Introduc2on Data

More information

REDCap Longitudinal Studies & Surveys

REDCap Longitudinal Studies & Surveys REDCap Longitudinal Studies & Surveys ITHS Biomedical Informa2cs Core iths_redcap_admin@uw.edu Bas de Veer MS Research Consultant REDCap version: 6.0.1 Last updated October 22, 2014 1 Goals & Agenda Goals

More information

Introduction Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST) is a semantic treatment influenced by verb as core treatment (e.g., Loverso, Selinger, and

Introduction Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST) is a semantic treatment influenced by verb as core treatment (e.g., Loverso, Selinger, and Introduction Verb Network Strengthening Treatment (VNeST) is a semantic treatment influenced by verb as core treatment (e.g., Loverso, Selinger, and Prescott, 1979) as well as priming studies showing that

More information

Workshop Perceptual Effects of Filtering and Masking Introduction to Filtering and Masking

Workshop Perceptual Effects of Filtering and Masking Introduction to Filtering and Masking Workshop Perceptual Effects of Filtering and Masking Introduction to Filtering and Masking The perception and correct identification of speech sounds as phonemes depends on the listener extracting various

More information

Vowel Change in New Zealand English Patterns and Implications

Vowel Change in New Zealand English Patterns and Implications Vowel Change in New Zealand English Patterns and Implications A thesis submitted in fulfilment of the requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Linguistics in the University of Canterbury

More information

Factors influencing the acquisition of a foreign language

Factors influencing the acquisition of a foreign language 26 ASPECTS OF ENGLISH VOCABULARY ACQUISITION Luminiţa ANDREI COCÂRŢĂ Abstract The present article focuses on some aspects of English vocabulary acquisition, starting from factors influencing this process

More information

Career Fair Etiquette. How to Prepare for a Career Fair

Career Fair Etiquette. How to Prepare for a Career Fair Career Fair Etiquette How to Prepare for a Career Fair There s a Career Fair Now What? What to do Before the Fair Prepare a resume and print several copies. Put them in a folder and bring the folder with

More information

Geriatric Certificate Program (GCP) For more information visit: www.geriatriccp.ca Email: info@geriatriccp.ca

Geriatric Certificate Program (GCP) For more information visit: www.geriatriccp.ca Email: info@geriatriccp.ca Geriatric Certificate Program (GCP) For more information visit: www.geriatriccp.ca Email: info@geriatriccp.ca 7 th Annual Care of the Elderly 2016 Conversations about goals of care with elderly patients

More information

Effec%ve use of Social Media. Reuben Trusler Crea%ve Director U%lity Crea%ve

Effec%ve use of Social Media. Reuben Trusler Crea%ve Director U%lity Crea%ve Effec%ve use of Social Media Reuben Trusler Crea%ve Director U%lity Crea%ve Once upon a %me Come up with a plan, maintain a presence... and always listen. A bit about me Crea%ve Director at U%lity Crea%ve

More information

Can New Zealand and Australia Get Closer On Retirement Income Policy?

Can New Zealand and Australia Get Closer On Retirement Income Policy? Can New Zealand and Australia Get Closer On Retirement Income Policy? Peter Neilson, Chief Executive Financial Services Council Presentation to ANZIIF Life Insurance Conference 2013 3.15pm, Thursday 23

More information

In this module, we will cover different approaches used to summarize test scores.

In this module, we will cover different approaches used to summarize test scores. In this module, we will cover different approaches used to summarize test scores. 1 You will learn how to use different quantitative measures to describe and summarize test scores and examine groups of

More information

Agile requirements through user stories and scenarios

Agile requirements through user stories and scenarios Institutt for datateknikk og informasjonsvitenskap Inah Omoronyia Agile requirements through user stories and scenarios TDT 4242 TDT 4242 Agenda Key principles of agile requirements User stories INVEST

More information

Individual Educa,on Plans Goals and Objec,ves

Individual Educa,on Plans Goals and Objec,ves Individual Educa,on Plans Goals and Objec,ves Ra,onale for Long- Term Goals and Short- Term Objec,ves Provides accountability Can mo4vate students Facilitates school- parent communica4on Helps focus learning

More information

May Phonics and Spelling Policy

May Phonics and Spelling Policy May 2014 Phonics and Spelling Policy Eastway Primary School Phonics and Spelling Policy 2014 Rationale: In 2006 Sir Jim Rose completed his independent review of the teaching of early reading. The Rose

More information

L2 EXPERIENCE MODULATES LEARNERS USE OF CUES IN THE PERCEPTION OF L3 TONES

L2 EXPERIENCE MODULATES LEARNERS USE OF CUES IN THE PERCEPTION OF L3 TONES L2 EXPERIENCE MODULATES LEARNERS USE OF CUES IN THE PERCEPTION OF L3 TONES Zhen Qin, Allard Jongman Department of Linguistics, University of Kansas, United States qinzhenquentin2@ku.edu, ajongman@ku.edu

More information

So#ware quality assurance - introduc4on. Dr Ana Magazinius

So#ware quality assurance - introduc4on. Dr Ana Magazinius So#ware quality assurance - introduc4on Dr Ana Magazinius 1 What is quality? 2 What is a good quality car? 2 and 2 2 minutes 3 characteris4cs 3 What is quality? 4 What is quality? How good or bad something

More information

Beginning, Middle, and End Phonological Awareness / Sound-Letter Segmentation

Beginning, Middle, and End Phonological Awareness / Sound-Letter Segmentation q Pre-K q Kindergarten q Grades 1 3 Beginning, Middle, and End Phonological Awareness / Sound-Letter Segmentation 1. Three-pocket folder 2. Letter cards 3. A list of familiar 3- phoneme words 1. Choose

More information

Investigating the Accuracy of Predicted A Level Grades as part of 2009 UCAS Admission Process

Investigating the Accuracy of Predicted A Level Grades as part of 2009 UCAS Admission Process RESEARCH PAPER NUMBER 37 Investigating the Accuracy of Predicted A Level Grades as part of 2009 UCAS Admission Process JUNE 2011 Authors: Nick Everett and Joanna Papageorgiou, UCAS The views expressed

More information

CURRICULUM VITAE. Toby Macrae, Ph.D., CCC-SLP

CURRICULUM VITAE. Toby Macrae, Ph.D., CCC-SLP CURRICULUM VITAE Toby Macrae, Ph.D., CCC-SLP Assistant Professor School of Communication Science and Disorders Florida State University 201 W. Bloxham Street Tallahassee, Florida 32306-1200 toby.macrae@cci.fsu.edu

More information

Managing Student Impairment in Counselor Education Programs. Dr. Wendy Greenidge Dr. Belinda Lopez Dr. Michelle Mitcham

Managing Student Impairment in Counselor Education Programs. Dr. Wendy Greenidge Dr. Belinda Lopez Dr. Michelle Mitcham Managing Student Impairment in Counselor Education Programs Dr. Wendy Greenidge Dr. Belinda Lopez Dr. Michelle Mitcham Learning Objectives Par:cipants will learn to iden:fy and evaluate students of concern.

More information

Standards for Registered Training Organisations 2015 made under the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011

Standards for Registered Training Organisations 2015 made under the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011 Standards for Registered Training Organisations 2015 made under the National Vocational Education and Training Regulator Act 2011 Form part of the VET Quality Framework 8 Standards - 1-3 relate to Training

More information

NZ RESIDENT DOCTORS ASSOCIATION MEDIA FACT SHEET

NZ RESIDENT DOCTORS ASSOCIATION MEDIA FACT SHEET NZ RESIDENT DOCTORS ASSOCIATION MEDIA FACT SHEET What are Resident Doctors (RMOs or Junior Doctors)? Resident Doctors, also known as House Officers, Registrars, Junior Doctors or Resident Medical Officers

More information

Stress and Accent in Tunisian Arabic

Stress and Accent in Tunisian Arabic Stress and Accent in Tunisian Arabic By Nadia Bouchhioua University of Carthage, Tunis Outline of the Presentation 1. Rationale for the study 2. Defining stress and accent 3. Parameters Explored 4. Methodology

More information

The chief aim of progress monitoring is to assess student progress toward a standard, benchmark, or explicit goal When assessing progress, you will

The chief aim of progress monitoring is to assess student progress toward a standard, benchmark, or explicit goal When assessing progress, you will The chief aim of progress monitoring is to assess student progress toward a standard, benchmark, or explicit goal When assessing progress, you will always need to differen

More information

This Digital Life: A neighborhood-based study of adolescents lives online

This Digital Life: A neighborhood-based study of adolescents lives online This Digital Life: A neighborhood-based study of adolescents lives online Jessica Pater, Andrew Miller & Elizabeth Mynatt www.jesspater.com CHI 2015 April 22, 2015 Longitudinal What do we learn from re-

More information

Health Reform and Medical Prac3ce in Maine. John Freedman MD MBA June 10, 2013

Health Reform and Medical Prac3ce in Maine. John Freedman MD MBA June 10, 2013 Health Reform and Medical Prac3ce in Maine John Freedman MD MBA June 10, 2013 Disclosure Statement I have no relevant financial rela3onships to disclose. The opinions expressed are my own. Objec3ves Describe

More information

Sounds Shifty: Gender and Age Differences in Perceptual Categorization During a Phonetic Change in Progress

Sounds Shifty: Gender and Age Differences in Perceptual Categorization During a Phonetic Change in Progress University of Pennsylvania Working Papers in Linguistics Volume 15 Issue 2 Selected papers from NWAV 37 Article 7 3-21-21 Sounds Shifty: Gender and Age Differences in Perceptual Categorization During a

More information

Technical Report. Overview. Revisions in this Edition. Four-Level Assessment Process

Technical Report. Overview. Revisions in this Edition. Four-Level Assessment Process Technical Report Overview The Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals Fourth Edition (CELF 4) is an individually administered test for determining if a student (ages 5 through 21 years) has a language

More information

Running Head: EFFECTS OF LEARNING METHODS ON MEMORY

Running Head: EFFECTS OF LEARNING METHODS ON MEMORY Effects 1 Running Head: EFFECTS OF LEARNING METHODS ON MEMORY Effects of Learning Methods on Memory: A Comparison Between Visual and Audio Foothill College Student Foothill College Effects 2 Abstract The

More information

Networked Virtual Spaces and Clouds. Magda El Zarki UC Irvine

Networked Virtual Spaces and Clouds. Magda El Zarki UC Irvine Networked Virtual Spaces and Clouds Magda El Zarki UC Irvine Outline Introduc6on to Networked Virtual Environments (NVE) Networked Virtual Environment Architectures Quality of Experience Clouds and real

More information

MAIN CHALLENGES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO CHILDREN AGED 6-12

MAIN CHALLENGES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO CHILDREN AGED 6-12 MAIN CHALLENGES IN TEACHING ENGLISH TO CHILDREN AGED 6-12 For the last 15 years it has become a European standard to introduce foreign languages, especially English, in primary schools and kindergartens.

More information

e- Discovery through Text Mining

e- Discovery through Text Mining e- Discovery through Text Mining Fraud Detec+on example Sergei Ananyan, Ph.D. Megaputer Intelligence Inc. What is e- Discovery? Electronic Discovery is the process when electronic data is sought, located,

More information

STRING TELEPHONES. Education Development Center, Inc. DESIGN IT! ENGINEERING IN AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS. KELVIN Stock #651817

STRING TELEPHONES. Education Development Center, Inc. DESIGN IT! ENGINEERING IN AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS. KELVIN Stock #651817 STRING TELEPHONES KELVIN Stock #6587 DESIGN IT! ENGINEERING IN AFTER SCHOOL PROGRAMS Education Development Center, Inc. DESIGN IT! Engineering in After School Programs Table of Contents Overview...3...

More information

HI THIS IS URGENT PLZ FIX ASAP: Cri5cal Vulnerabili5es and Bug Bounty Programs

HI THIS IS URGENT PLZ FIX ASAP: Cri5cal Vulnerabili5es and Bug Bounty Programs HI THIS IS URGENT PLZ FIX ASAP: Cri5cal Vulnerabili5es and Bug Bounty Programs Kymberlee Price Senior Director of Researcher Opera5ons Bugcrowd @Kym_Possible whoami? Senior Director of a Red Team PSIRT

More information

Provider Communica/on Interven/on at a Federally Qualified Health Center- based Farmers' Market: Implica/ons for Implementa/on Science

Provider Communica/on Interven/on at a Federally Qualified Health Center- based Farmers' Market: Implica/ons for Implementa/on Science Provider Communica/on Interven/on at a Federally Qualified Health Center- based Farmers' Market: Implica/ons for Implementa/on Science Daniela B. Friedman, MSc, PhD Associate Professor, Department of Health

More information

What is Assessment? Assessment is a process of collec3ng data for the purpose of making decisions about individuals and groups

What is Assessment? Assessment is a process of collec3ng data for the purpose of making decisions about individuals and groups Informal Assessment What is Assessment? Assessment is a process of collec3ng data for the purpose of making decisions about individuals and groups (Salvia & Ysseldyke, 2007) Conduc3ng Assessments Collect

More information

Pu?ng B2B Research to the Legal Test

Pu?ng B2B Research to the Legal Test With the global leader in sampling and data services Pu?ng B2B Research to the Legal Test Ashlin Quirk, SSI General Counsel 2014 Survey Sampling Interna6onal 1 2014 Survey Sampling Interna6onal Se?ng the

More information

Technical report. Eleanor Semel and Elisabeth H Wiig. Overview. Revisions in this Edition

Technical report. Eleanor Semel and Elisabeth H Wiig. Overview. Revisions in this Edition Technical report Eleanor Semel and Elisabeth H Wiig Overview The Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals Fourth Edition UK (CELF 4 UK ) is an individually administered test for determining if a child

More information

Optimization. Day 1: Optimization of Perimeter & Area of Rectangles

Optimization. Day 1: Optimization of Perimeter & Area of Rectangles MPM 1DI Unit 8 Optimization Day 1: Optimization of Perimeter & Area of Rectangles TODAY: Success Criteria: By the end of today's lesson can you... determine the maximum area of a rectangle given a fixed

More information

Examples of Peer Tutoring

Examples of Peer Tutoring Examples of Peer Tutoring From Nancy Falchikov s Learning Together: Peer tutoring in higher educa2on Same-Level Peer Tutoring: EqualStatus Par$cipants within a Dyad Peer-tutoring techniques which require

More information

Developing Vocabulary in Second Language Acquisition: From Theories to the Classroom Jeff G. Mehring

Developing Vocabulary in Second Language Acquisition: From Theories to the Classroom Jeff G. Mehring 3 Developing Vocabulary in Second Language Acquisition: From Theories to the Classroom Jeff G. Mehring Abstract This paper examines the theories behind vocabulary acquisition in second language learning

More information

The Impact of a Language Teaching Computer Game on ESL Students Recognition of Spoken and Written Word Forms

The Impact of a Language Teaching Computer Game on ESL Students Recognition of Spoken and Written Word Forms The Impact of a Language Teaching Computer Game on ESL Students Recognition of Spoken and Written Word Forms Amanda Müller Flinders University (Australia) amanda.muller@flinders.edu.au Abstract This study

More information

3 Long vowels, diphthongs and triphthongs

3 Long vowels, diphthongs and triphthongs 3 Long vowels, diphthongs and triphthongs 3.1 English long vowels In Chapter 2 the short vowels were introduced. In this chapter we look at other types of English vowel sound. The first to be introduced

More information

Data Mining. Supervised Methods. Ciro Donalek donalek@astro.caltech.edu. Ay/Bi 199ab: Methods of Computa@onal Sciences hcp://esci101.blogspot.

Data Mining. Supervised Methods. Ciro Donalek donalek@astro.caltech.edu. Ay/Bi 199ab: Methods of Computa@onal Sciences hcp://esci101.blogspot. Data Mining Supervised Methods Ciro Donalek donalek@astro.caltech.edu Supervised Methods Summary Ar@ficial Neural Networks Mul@layer Perceptron Support Vector Machines SoLwares Supervised Models: Supervised

More information

Deep Learning for Big Data

Deep Learning for Big Data Deep Learning for Big Data Yoshua Bengio Département d Informa0que et Recherche Opéra0onnelle, U. Montréal 30 May 2013, Journée de la recherche École Polytechnique, Montréal Big Data & Data Science Super-

More information

A Tutorial for TV Proposal Division

A Tutorial for TV Proposal Division A Tutorial for TV Proposal Division Content 1. Introduc+on (Aims of this Training Program) 2. Before You Begin 3. The Strategy of A@ack Knowing the Structure of the Proposal Document 4. Make the Educa+onal

More information

The Fun in Play: Independence, Assistance, Effort and Difficulty

The Fun in Play: Independence, Assistance, Effort and Difficulty The Fun in Play: Independence, Assistance, Effort and Difficulty Abir Mullick, Gourab Kar and Sarah Endicott, ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to learn from children about important aspects of inclusive

More information

The Building Blocks of Reading and Writing

The Building Blocks of Reading and Writing The Building Blocks of Reading and Writing The road to becoming a reader begins the day a child is born and continues through the end of third grade. At that point, a child must read with ease and understanding

More information

Engaging and Maintaining Suppor/ve Rela/onships with School Systems

Engaging and Maintaining Suppor/ve Rela/onships with School Systems Engaging and Maintaining Suppor/ve Rela/onships with School Systems Carolyn B. Morgan QEM Consultant Professor Department of Mathema9cs Hampton University Hampton, VA 1 Outline Overview of Suppor8ve Rela8onships

More information

Mortgage Servicing - Loss

Mortgage Servicing - Loss BEFORE State Mortgage Servicing - Loss Mi@ga@on Complicated Borrower Instruc1on Package leading to 90% of Loan Default Loss. Mi1ga1on Packages come in with Missing or Incorrect Documents 275 Faxes per

More information

Word Work Unit 3 Grade Level: Third Timeframe: 5 weeks

Word Work Unit 3 Grade Level: Third Timeframe: 5 weeks Word Work Unit 3 Grade Level: Third Timeframe: 5 weeks Unit Overview: This unit of word study will focus largely on spelling of with similar sounds, but different spelling. In addition, students will continue

More information

How to create a form?

How to create a form? How to create a form? May 2015 Content 3. 4. 5. 6-7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Choose your campaingn type Select a publica5on channel Add a so8 gate The look and feel of your campaign The welcome screen

More information

This policy outlines the teaching, organisation, management and teaching of phonics at Heaton Park Primary and Nursery School.

This policy outlines the teaching, organisation, management and teaching of phonics at Heaton Park Primary and Nursery School. Phonics Policy This policy outlines the teaching, organisation, management and teaching of phonics at Heaton Park Primary and Nursery School. Rational In 2006 Sir Jim Rose completed his independent review

More information

A brief critique of Hart, B. & Risley, T. (1995). Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children.

A brief critique of Hart, B. & Risley, T. (1995). Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children. A brief critique of Hart, B. & Risley, T. (1995). Meaningful differences in the everyday experience of young American children. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing. I.S.P. Nation LALS, Victoria University

More information

Ahmed Ghonim, Jeremy Lim, John Smith and Joe Wolfe School of Physics, The University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052

Ahmed Ghonim, Jeremy Lim, John Smith and Joe Wolfe School of Physics, The University of New South Wales, Sydney NSW 2052 THE DIVISION OF THE PERCEPTUAL VOWEL PLANE FOR DIFFERENT ACCENTS OF ENGLISH AND THE CHARACTERISTIC SEPARATION REQUIRED TO DISTINGUISH VOWELS Ahmed Ghonim, Jeremy Lim, John Smith and Joe Wolfe School of

More information

Phonemic Awareness Instruction page 1 c2s2_3phonawinstruction

Phonemic Awareness Instruction page 1 c2s2_3phonawinstruction Phonemic Awareness Instruction page 1 Phonemic Awareness Instruction Phonemic awareness is the ability to notice, think about, and work with the individual sounds in spoken words. Before children learn

More information

Protec'ng Informa'on Assets - Week 10 - Identity Management and Access Control. MIS 5206 Protec/ng Informa/on Assets Greg Senko

Protec'ng Informa'on Assets - Week 10 - Identity Management and Access Control. MIS 5206 Protec/ng Informa/on Assets Greg Senko Protec'ng Informa'on Assets - Week 10 - Identity Management and Access Control In the News Readings MIS5206 Week 10 Identity Management and Access Control Test Taking Tip Quiz In the News Discuss items

More information

Chapter 1: Introducing Public Speaking

Chapter 1: Introducing Public Speaking Chapter 1: Introducing Public Speaking I. Identify what public speaking is and the person's social, academic, and career benefits to be gained from its mastery. Examine your beliefs about public speaking.

More information

Side Effects: Erec-le Dysfunc-on. Armin Thöni, Hans Neuenschwander, Jörn Wulf Lindenhofspital, Bern, Switzerland. Side Effects: Erec-le Dysfunc-on

Side Effects: Erec-le Dysfunc-on. Armin Thöni, Hans Neuenschwander, Jörn Wulf Lindenhofspital, Bern, Switzerland. Side Effects: Erec-le Dysfunc-on Armin Thöni, Hans Neuenschwander, Jörn Wulf Lindenhofspital, Prostate Seed Implanta0on (PSI) at Lindenhofspital Bern since 2004 410 pa0ents at total 2004 n = 10 2005 n = 18 2006 n = 36 2007 n = 73 2008

More information

IAC Ch 8, p.1. Males Females 5.50 7.25 5.50 7.75 5.50 7.75 5.50 8.00 5.75 8.00 6.00 8.25 6.25 8.50 6.50 8.75 6.75 8.75 6.75 8.75 6.75 9.00 7.25 9.

IAC Ch 8, p.1. Males Females 5.50 7.25 5.50 7.75 5.50 7.75 5.50 8.00 5.75 8.00 6.00 8.25 6.25 8.50 6.50 8.75 6.75 8.75 6.75 8.75 6.75 9.00 7.25 9. IAC Ch 8, p.1 876 8.10 (85B) Apportionment of age-related loss for occupational hearing loss claims. 8.10(1) Effective date. This rule is effective for claims for occupational hearing loss filed on or

More information

Priority Ac*on Report. Anthropology Crime Scene/Death Investigation Thomas D. Holland, Ph.D. February 13, 2015

Priority Ac*on Report. Anthropology Crime Scene/Death Investigation Thomas D. Holland, Ph.D. February 13, 2015 Priority Ac*on Report Anthropology Crime Scene/Death Investigation Thomas D. Holland, Ph.D. February 13, 2015 Subcommittee Leadership- Anthropology Posi%on Name Organiza%on Term Email Chair Tom Holland,

More information

Statistical appendix. A.1 Introduction

Statistical appendix. A.1 Introduction A Statistical appendix A.1 Introduction This appendix contains contextual information to assist the interpretation of the performance indicators presented in the Report. The following four key factors

More information

Changes in the pronunciation of Mäori and implications for teachers and learners of Mäori

Changes in the pronunciation of Mäori and implications for teachers and learners of Mäori 1 Changes in the pronunciation of Mäori and implications for teachers and learners of Mäori Dr Peter J Keegan, Lecturer, Te Puna Wänanga, Faculty of Education, University of Auckland. Jeanette King, University

More information

PARCC Next Genera.on Online Assessments: Opportuni.es, Challenges, and Lessons Learned from the 2014 Field Test

PARCC Next Genera.on Online Assessments: Opportuni.es, Challenges, and Lessons Learned from the 2014 Field Test PARCC Next Genera.on Online Assessments: Opportuni.es, Challenges, and Lessons Learned from the 2014 Field Test MAG 2014 Dale Cornelius, Project Manager Maryland State Department of EducaAon Maryland s

More information

Aboriginal Data at Statistics Canada Tim Leonard Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division, Statistics Canada

Aboriginal Data at Statistics Canada Tim Leonard Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division, Statistics Canada Aboriginal Data at Statistics Canada Tim Leonard Social and Aboriginal Statistics Division, Statistics Canada 1 Outline Sta$s$cs Canada s mandate and objec$ves Data available at Sta$s$cs Canada pertaining

More information

Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFP) Training

Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFP) Training Present Levels of Academic Achievement and Functional Performance (PLAAFP) Training Dillard Research Associates and Alaska Educa4on & Early Development January 22, 2015 1 Objectives of Training To understand

More information

The National Reading Panel: Five Components of Reading Instruction Frequently Asked Questions

The National Reading Panel: Five Components of Reading Instruction Frequently Asked Questions The National Reading Panel: Five Components of Reading Instruction Frequently Asked Questions Phonemic Awareness What is a phoneme? A phoneme is the smallest unit of sound in a word. For example, the word

More information

Grade 1 Geometric Shapes Conceptual Lessons Unit Outline Type of Knowledge & SBAC Claim Prerequisite Knowledge:

Grade 1 Geometric Shapes Conceptual Lessons Unit Outline Type of Knowledge & SBAC Claim Prerequisite Knowledge: Grade 1 Geometric Shapes Conceptual Lessons Unit Outline Type of Knowledge & SBAC Claim Prerequisite Knowledge: Standards: Lesson Title and Objective/Description Shape names: square, rectangle, triangle,

More information