14 1 The Roman Empire HFM-History-InitialDraft-July2015.indd 14 8/11/15 3:46 PM

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "14 1 The Roman Empire HFM-History-InitialDraft-July2015.indd 14 8/11/15 3:46 PM"

Transcription

1 14 1 The Roman Empire

2 The last hundred years of the Roman Republic was a period of chaos and upheaval. Generals marched their troops on the city of Rome demanding power, there were civil wars and assassinations. In 31 bce, Octavian (31 bce 14 ce), the grandnephew and heir of Julius Caesar, defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium. 1 Within a year, Antony had committed suicide, leaving Octavian as the de facto leader of the Roman state. These events are traditionally regarded as inaugurating the Roman Empire. With few exceptions, Octavian and his successors for the next two centuries oversaw a period of internal peace, economic growth, and territorial expansion. The third century, however, was one of civil war, plague, economic chaos, and invasion. The empire might have collapsed in this period without the leadership of Diocletian ( ) and Constantine (306 37). 15 POLITICAL ORGANIZATION Octavian, also known as Augustus, was an excellent politician. Since the Romans had an almost fanatical suspicion of monarchy, he understood the need to keep the trappings of the Republic. Therefore, he voluntarily submitted to the senate, which, in turn, awarded him with multiple titles. All of these political offices had existed in the Republic (consul, tribune, pontifex maximus, and so on), but they were not to be held by the same person or for multiple years in a row. These powers gave Augustus authority over most of the provinces, placed him in control of the military, allowed him to veto decisions made by other magistrates, and granted him the right to decree laws. He was careful not to flaunt his power or insult the senate. He also ensured that the elites were still able to exercise some political ambition by maintaining many elected political positions. 1 Dates associated with political leaders refer to their years in power, except where otherwise noted.

3 16 Since the government maintained a Republican façade, succession was a problem. There was no traditional way to designate the heir of the emperor because this position had not existed. It became the custom that during the emperor s lifetime, he would identify his successor by granting him certain powers and authority. Then, upon the emperor s death, the senate would grant all the offices and powers to the new emperor. The first five emperors were all members of Augustus s extended family. After the death of Nero in 68 ce, the empire did witness a brief period of civil war until Vespasian (69 79) became ruler. He was followed by his two sons, Titus (79 81) and Domitian (81 96). Next was the period of the Five Good Emperors (96 180). Each of these men adopted their chosen heir as an adult, ensuring that the succession fell to a capable candidate. The string of successes was broken when Marcus Aurelius (161 80) appointed his actual son, Commodus (180 92), as heir. He was not a skillful ruler and was assassinated in 192. By 140, there were thirty-two provinces in the Roman Empire. Twenty-two of these were under the control of the emperor, who appointed the governors. The remaining ten had governors from the senatorial aristocracy. The emperors enacted policies to reform provincial administration. From the time of Augustus, governors received a salary and normally held terms of at least three years in an attempt to reduce the temptation for them to use the provinces for their personal gain. In addition, Roman citizens could appeal to the emperor if they felt their governor was excessively corrupt. ECONOMICS AND URBAN LIFE Provinces were important for imperial revenue. After a territory was organized as a province, a census would be taken to ascertain

4 The Roman Empire 218 BCE

5 The Roman Empire 100 BCE

6 The Roman Empire 44 BCE

7 The Roman Empire 14 CE

8 The Roman Empire 54 CE

9 The Roman Empire (largest extent) 116 CE

10 the population and assets of the territory. Once this was done, property and poll taxes could be imposed. There were also minimal sales taxes (approximately 1 to 1.5 percent). Roman citizens were liable for an inheritance tax that was used to fund the military. Of course, in times of crisis, the governor could assess additional taxes as needed. When Augustus came to power, he used significant amounts of his own money for public works that not only repaired cities, but also provided needed jobs. Under the empire, thousands of miles of high-quality paved roads were built. While originally designed for the military, they also led to economic growth, as empire-wide trade was much easier with excellent roads. The city was considered the focus of Roman civilization. In the West, new towns followed the establishment of military garrisons or land being given to retired veterans. Many elites had rural villas, but they were expected to participate in civic life by holding elected offices, paying for public works and entertainment, and taking part in civic cults. A city was also a place where those from different social classes interacted in close quarters. Small business owners and poorer citizens lived in multistory apartment buildings while the wealthy occupied urban villas. Roman engineering provided fresh water, sewage systems, and paved roads that allowed large towns to grow to over 250,000 people, with the city of Rome probably having a population near one million. 23 CULTURE AND RELIGION In Roman culture, the family was regarded as the core of society. The father of the family (paterfamilias) legally had control over even his adult children, who in turn were expected to obey their parents. Loyalty to the state was seen as an extension of

The Spread of Roman Power

The Spread of Roman Power The Spread of the Roman Republic The Spread of Roman Power Roman legions fight to expand the empire Controlled central Italy by 390 BC Were defeated an had Rome destroyed by the Gauls They rebuilt and

More information

The Rise of Ancient Rome

The Rise of Ancient Rome 1 Chapter 8 The Rise of Ancient Rome Section 1 The Roman Republic Section 2 The Roman Empire Notebook Number Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period 2 Just when you thought an Empire couldn t get any

More information

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Rome began as a small village and became the seat of power of one of the greatest empires the world has known. The Romans were greatly influenced

More information

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline 509 BCE: Tarquin the Proud, the last king of Rome, was overthrown by a group of patricians upset over his abuse of power. The Roman Republic was proclaimed. 494 BCE:

More information

Primary History Resource: The Romans - Roman Emperors

Primary History Resource: The Romans - Roman Emperors BC 27 AUGUSTUS Augustus was the first Emperor of Rome. His name was Octavian before he became emperor, and changed it to Augustus in 27 BC. He came out on top after years of civil war that followed the

More information

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by

I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by Ancient Rome Geography I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with Like Greece, Italy is a a. Surrounded by water from the, and b. North is blocked by I Italy is divided in half by IV. Area

More information

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE.

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. A. COMPARE THE ORIGINS AND STRUCTURE OF THE GREEK POLIS,

More information

The Roman Republic. 1. What is the meaning of policies in the context of the above passage?

The Roman Republic. 1. What is the meaning of policies in the context of the above passage? CARCI Middle School Pt. 1 The Roman Republic 1 The Roman Republic The ancient city of Rome was at the center of the peninsula we now call Italy. After being ruled by kings, the Romans formed a republic.

More information

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion 1. checks and balances a. A government with three parts 2. civic duty b. The most powerful elected officials in

More information

Bensalem Township School District Curriculum Template ROME CIVICS & GOVERNMENT: 5.1.7.B, C, 5.2.7.A, B, C, D, 5.3.7.J, 5.4.7.A, B

Bensalem Township School District Curriculum Template ROME CIVICS & GOVERNMENT: 5.1.7.B, C, 5.2.7.A, B, C, D, 5.3.7.J, 5.4.7.A, B Standards Link: Bensalem Township School District GEOGRAPHY: 7.3.7A, 7.4.7A, 7.4.7B ECONOMICS: 6.2.7.G, 6.3.7.A, B, C, D, 6.4.7.A, B, D, 6.5.7.B, CIVICS & GOVERNMENT: 5.1.7.B, C, 5.2.7.A, B, C, D, 5.3.7.J,

More information

ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS

ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS NAME HR. Go to this address: http://www.mythologyteacher.com/romanmain.html, and use the information presented there to answer the following questions. 1. Has marriage changed much

More information

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes 1 Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes Blackline Master Quizzes for Ancient Rome: Reexamined Program One - The Rise of the Roman Republic Blackline Master 1A Quiz Please circle the best answer

More information

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3)

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3) 1 Name Date 1. What was the condition of Rome when Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C.E.? 2. Why was Young Caesar kidnapped? 3. What kind of captor was Caesar? 4. How and why did Caesar enter politics in

More information

Augustus Lesson Plan

Augustus Lesson Plan Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: What kind of leader was? Materials: Copies of Documents A-F Copies of Graphic Organizer Plan of Instruction: 1. Introduce lesson: Today we re going to examine the

More information

(c) Student Handouts, Inc.

(c) Student Handouts, Inc. The Establishment of the Roman Republic (c) Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Geography of Rome Protection for Rome and Italy Rome built on seven hills Alps Barrier to the north Seas Barriers

More information

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives Ancient Rome Unit Plan Name: Laura Johnson Unit Overview This unit will focus on Ancient Rome, the rise of the Roman Republic, the transition of that republic to an empire, and the fall of that empire.

More information

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction Chapter 7 Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE I. Introduction The stability that typified certain aspects of Chinese and Indian cultures was not present in the Mediterranean. The center of Mediterranean civilization

More information

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance Geography and the Rise of Rome The Big Idea Main Ideas Rome s location and government helped it become a major power in the ancient world. The geography of Italy made land travel difficult but helped the

More information

Required Readings Available at the Bookstore: Required Readings Available on Sakai: Basis for the Determination of Final Grade: Class Policies:

Required Readings Available at the Bookstore: Required Readings Available on Sakai: Basis for the Determination of Final Grade: Class Policies: Page 1 of 5 Rome and the First Caesars 510:304 Verbrugghe Spring 2014 ATG-214 Syllabus This course looks at the last century of the Roman Republic and the first century of the Roman Empire, or Roman history

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Directions Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True. Word Bank Ying Zheng army copper

More information

Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide

Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Ancient History Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description They came, they saw, they conquered. They

More information

1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land?

1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land? 1. What were the important geographic features of ancient Rome that shaped where people lived and what they were able to grow on the land? Cities by rivers On top of hills for defense Alps Mountains Apennines

More information

Rome Lesson Plan 5: Who s Who in Roman History

Rome Lesson Plan 5: Who s Who in Roman History Rome Lesson Plan 5: Who s Who in Roman History Introduction: In this lesson, students produce a classroom documentary about important historical figures from the Roman Empire. They will also create posters

More information

Rome: Transition from Republic to Empire

Rome: Transition from Republic to Empire Rome: Transition from Republic to Empire Paul A. Bishop Introduction Since its collapse, historians have attempted to explain the struggle for power and control over both the Roman Republic and the Roman

More information

Domestic Disturbances amid Territorial Overextension and the Various Causes of the Collapse of the Roman Republic. By Michael Beshara

Domestic Disturbances amid Territorial Overextension and the Various Causes of the Collapse of the Roman Republic. By Michael Beshara Domestic Disturbances amid Territorial Overextension and the Various Causes of the Collapse of the Roman Republic By Michael Beshara The causes of the collapse of the Roman Republic are manifold, and any

More information

THE ORIGINS OF ROME. Name

THE ORIGINS OF ROME. Name THE ORIGINS OF ROME Name According to legend, the city of Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess. The twins were abandoned on the Tiber River

More information

Chapter 5 Test: Roman Rebublic/Empire

Chapter 5 Test: Roman Rebublic/Empire Chapter 5 Test: Roman Rebublic/Empire Matching (1pt each) Match the terms to the descriptions. a. latifundia f. Virgil b. republic g. mercenaries c. Ptolemy h. legion d. heresy i. Augustine e. dictator

More information

Eyewitness Projects. FACT The Romans admired and copied the realistic figures in Greek art and sculpture. FACT FACT. The Greeks.

Eyewitness Projects. FACT The Romans admired and copied the realistic figures in Greek art and sculpture. FACT FACT. The Greeks. Early Rome The Roman Empire was one of the biggest and bestorganized empires in history. It began more than two thousand years ago, with the founding of the city of Rome in the country now called Italy.

More information

Common Core Standards

Common Core Standards NM UNIT 8: Rome Benchmark 1-A. New Mexico: explore and explain how people and events have influenced the development of New Mexico up to the present day: the relationships among ancient civilizations of

More information

The Origins and Impacts of the Persian Empire

The Origins and Impacts of the Persian Empire The Origins and Impacts of the Persian Empire The origin of the Persian Empire can be attributed to the leadership of one man Cyrus the Great. A brilliant and powerful Persian king, Cyrus strategy for

More information

NC State and Local Government

NC State and Local Government Practice Test NC State and Local Government Note to teachers: These unofficial sample questions were created to help students review state and local government content, as well as practice for the Civics

More information

Note Taking Study Guide THE GREEK ROOTS OF DEMOCRACY

Note Taking Study Guide THE GREEK ROOTS OF DEMOCRACY SECTION Note Taking Study Guide THE GREEK ROOTS OF DEMOCRACY Focus Question: What ideas arose in ancient Greece that contributed to the development of democratic values in the modern world? As you read

More information

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST The following 50 questions which serve as the Minnesota's civics test were selected from the 100 questions used for the naturalization test administered by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration

More information

Unit Overview. Unit Title: Ancient Rome Unit: 2

Unit Overview. Unit Title: Ancient Rome Unit: 2 Content Area: Social Studies Unit Overview Unit Title: Ancient Rome Unit: 2 Target Course/Grade Level: Sixth Grade Timeline: 7-8 weeks Unit Summary Students will begin the unit of ancient Rome by examining

More information

patriapotestas of the paterfamilias

patriapotestas of the paterfamilias 1/31/12 Fathers/patres & Struggles of the Orders: ca. 500-287 BC Focus on seeing how what we learned so far about the power of fathers in a family translates up to the poli;cal and social system of the

More information

TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME

TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME TIMELINE ANCIENT ROME IRON AGE ITALY 1200 BC Beginning of the Iron Age; The Latins migrate to Italy and settle the area later known as Latium 1000 BC Etruscan tribes move into Italy; First settlements

More information

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10 Chapter 10 The Age of Jackson Main Idea The Election of 1824 electoral changes The Election of 1828 Democratic Republicans Details/Notes Henry Clay of Kentucky, Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, and John Quincy

More information

Political/Military Events. Cultural/Religious Events

Political/Military Events. Cultural/Religious Events Historical Timeline This timeline is limited to the major events that are directly related to the timeframe and the overall theme of the exhibition. Because the relationships between polytheistic religions,

More information

Ancient Rome Ch.12-13

Ancient Rome Ch.12-13 Ancient Rome Ch.12-13 Content Area: Social Studies Course(s): Generic Course, Social Studies, Science, Social Studies 1 Time Period: November Length: 8 Weeks Status: Published Unit Overview Students will

More information

Teacher s Guide For. Ancient History Rome Reexamined

Teacher s Guide For. Ancient History Rome Reexamined Teacher s Guide For Ancient History Rome Reexamined For grade 7 - College Programs produced by Centre Communications, Inc. for Ambrose Video Publishing, Inc. Executive Producer William V. Ambrose Teacher's

More information

Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship

Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship Section One: Citizenship The concept of citizenship goes all the way back to ancient Greece. In the Greek city states, citizens were people who

More information

UNIT Y213: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND THE RULE OF NAPOLEON

UNIT Y213: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND THE RULE OF NAPOLEON UNIT Y213: THE FRENCH REVOLUTION AND THE RULE OF NAPOLEON NOTE: BASED ON 2X 50 MINUTE LESSONS PER WEEK TERMS BASED ON 6 TERM YEAR. Key Topic Term Week Number Indicative Content Extended Content Resources

More information

Unit 3. Classical Civilizations

Unit 3. Classical Civilizations Unit 3 Classical Civilizations 1 Unit 3 - Classical Civilizations Classical Civilizations Define Map Timeline Maurya (India) Han (China) The Fall of Empires Greece Rome 2 I. Location of Classical Civilizations

More information

5- Why did the Shogun rule Japan?

5- Why did the Shogun rule Japan? Global History and Geography I The Rise of Feudalism in Japan Name: The emperor was an important political and religious figure in Japan. However, by the 1100s, the emperor s power was so weakened that

More information

Roman Law. Justinian Code. The Dark Ages 9/9/2012

Roman Law. Justinian Code. The Dark Ages 9/9/2012 Roman Law This was the legal system that began in early Rome (451 B.C.E.), and was the basis of Law for Western Europe, except England. As the Roman Empire grew, laws became more complex and the profession

More information

Rome Lesson Plan 4: Mapping an Empire

Rome Lesson Plan 4: Mapping an Empire Rome Lesson Plan 4: Mapping an Empire Introduction: In this lesson, students will compare a map of the Roman Empire in 44 BC with one of the Roman Empire in 116 AD. Using these two maps as a reference,

More information

Rome Lesson Plan 2: Getting to Know the Emperors of Rome

Rome Lesson Plan 2: Getting to Know the Emperors of Rome Rome Lesson Plan 2: Getting to Know the Emperors of Rome Introduction: In this lesson, students will discuss the merits of heredity rule. After using various games, features, and video clips from the Web

More information

Ancient Rome: Prosperity and Decline: Teacher s Guide

Ancient Rome: Prosperity and Decline: Teacher s Guide Ancient Rome: Prosperity and Decline: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Ancient History Lesson Duration: One class period Program Description They came, they saw, they conquered. They

More information

Classical Civilizations Test Review

Classical Civilizations Test Review Name: Period: Classical Civilizations Test Review Ancient Greece Geography 1. Describe the geography of Greece. Mountainous, hilly and rocky terrain, short rivers, mostly surrounded by water 2. How did

More information

Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece:

Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece: Aim: How did Greek geography affect its development? Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece: I. Greece s Physical Geography: A. Greece is a

More information

The Sudanic African Empires: Ghana / Mali / Songhay & The Swahili City States of East Africa

The Sudanic African Empires: Ghana / Mali / Songhay & The Swahili City States of East Africa The Sudanic African Empires: Ghana / Mali / Songhay & The Swahili City States of East Africa AP World History Mr. Blankenship Ghana Mali Songhay Swahili States The Kingdom of Ghana emerged c. 5 th century

More information

Transition from Republicanism to Imperialism

Transition from Republicanism to Imperialism Transition from Republicanism to Imperialism Paul Waring May 19, 2014 Introduction After the Third Punic War (149-146), 1 Rome could still claim to be a republic, i.e. a state in which power ultimately

More information

From c. A.D. 45- A.D. 116, a woman named Ban Zhao served as the imperial historian.

From c. A.D. 45- A.D. 116, a woman named Ban Zhao served as the imperial historian. The Han Dynasty A Time of Great Achievement From Chaos and Disunity to Stability and Great Works With the fall of the Qin Dynasty, China was plunged into chaos and fighting. In time, a farmer-turned soldier,

More information

Africa Before the Slave Trade

Africa Before the Slave Trade Africa Before the Slave Trade Overview of African Kingdoms Ghana and Songhai Ghana (Wagadu) is the earliest known empire of the western Sudan, came into the history books around the eighth century but

More information

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. By: Lorin Murphy This book belongs to: Fun Facts About Franklin He was President of the United States longer than any other President.

More information

Ancient Rome s Timeline

Ancient Rome s Timeline 1 Ancient Rome s Timeline Iron Age Italy 1. 1200 BC Beginning of the Iron Age The Latini migrate to Italy and settle the area later known as Latium 2. 1000 BC Etruscan tribes move into Italy First settlements

More information

Ancient Rome. Big Ideas. Inquiry. Enduring Outcomes (What will students need to recall, know or do to demonstrate understanding of the Big Idea?

Ancient Rome. Big Ideas. Inquiry. Enduring Outcomes (What will students need to recall, know or do to demonstrate understanding of the Big Idea? Content The Roman Empire vastly expanded and ultimately disintegrated. Ancient Rome Big Ideas Inquiry The means to understanding the Roman Empire are to study the early strengths and lasting contributions

More information

Name Period. Roman Emperors and Monuments

Name Period. Roman Emperors and Monuments Name Period Roman Emperors and Monuments Famous Emperors of the Roman Empire During the 500 years of the Roman Empire, there were over 140 different emperors! Here is a summary of just a few of the most

More information

Christianity. The Growth of Christianity. Early Christian Book Held in Israel, the country Jordan wants it

Christianity. The Growth of Christianity. Early Christian Book Held in Israel, the country Jordan wants it Christianity The Growth of Christianity Early Christian Book Held in Israel, the country Jordan wants it http://www.pravmir.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/03/51881831_book_464.jpg Beginnings Christianity

More information

CHAPTER 5 - REPUBLICAN AND IMPERIAL ROME

CHAPTER 5 - REPUBLICAN AND IMPERIAL ROME CHAPTER 5 - REPUBLICAN AND IMPERIAL ROME CHAPTER SUMMARY After describing Italy before the rise of Rome, the society of royal Rome, and the early republic and its constitution, this chapter tells the story

More information

Egyptian History 101 By Vickie Chao

Egyptian History 101 By Vickie Chao Egyptian History 101 By Vickie Chao 1 A long time ago, before Egypt was a united country, there were two kingdoms -- Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt. Upper Egypt was in the south. It controlled the areas along

More information

BC. Hamiclar was very successful in his mission in Spain, which aroused suspicion in Rome.

BC. Hamiclar was very successful in his mission in Spain, which aroused suspicion in Rome. Henry Fu Hannibal Crossing the Alps Throughout ancient history, wars have plagued the earth. A few that may come to mind are the Punic Wars. These wars were fought over pure hatred and grudges held by

More information

Name: Date: Period: Gardener s Notes Unit 7 - Chapter 10: Roman Art

Name: Date: Period: Gardener s Notes Unit 7 - Chapter 10: Roman Art AP ART HISTORY STUDY SHEET Name: Date: Period: Gardener s Notes Unit 7 - Chapter 10: Roman Art What do Thomas Jefferson s home at Monticello, the New Orleans Superdome, and the California Aqueduct have

More information

Monarchy. Rule by One Powers are inherited Ex: Queen/King, Emperor Absolute - Constitutional - Confederal. Unitary

Monarchy. Rule by One Powers are inherited Ex: Queen/King, Emperor Absolute - Constitutional - Confederal. Unitary 1. Tree Map of Forms of Govt: Democracy Monarchy Oligarchy/Theocracy rule by the people Direct - Representative - Rule by One Powers are inherited Ex: Queen/King, Emperor Absolute - Constitutional - Rule

More information

Painting showing the. Cloaca Maxima

Painting showing the. Cloaca Maxima View of early Rome from west side of the Tiber River Painting showing the Cloaca Maxima Cloaca maxima -- the big sewer draining Forum Ponte rotto (broken bridge) - early bridge over Tiber ROMAN RELIGION

More information

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome Unit 7 Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome Fill in the Blank 1. Because Italy is surrounded by, the Romans could travel easily by sea to other parts of the world.

More information

Chapter 6: Etruscan and Roman Art

Chapter 6: Etruscan and Roman Art Chapter 6: Etruscan and Roman Art TERMS: atrium, Tuscan Order, Composite Order, cista(e), verism, engaged columns, mausoleum, forum, dado, intuitive perspective, round arch, keystone, voussoirs, arcade,

More information

In this chapter, you will learn about the African kingdom of Kush. Kush was located on the Nile River, to the south of Egypt.

In this chapter, you will learn about the African kingdom of Kush. Kush was located on the Nile River, to the south of Egypt. Name: Date: Period: Lesson 10 - The Kingdom of Kush Section 1 - Introduction In this chapter, you will learn about the African kingdom of Kush. Kush was located on the Nile River, to the south of Egypt.

More information

An Overview of Western Civilization

An Overview of Western Civilization The Six Major Periods of Western Civilization (BCE = BC; CE = AD) 1. Mesopotamia, Egypt, & Hebrews (3000-500 BCE) 2. Ancient Greece (1200-200 BCE) 3. Ancient Rome (753 BCE - 476 CE) -----------------------------------------------------------------

More information

Ancient Rome. Table of Contents

Ancient Rome. Table of Contents Table of Contents 0. Unit Challenge 1. Physical Geography & Climate 2. The Roman Republic 3. Growth of the Roman Republic 4. From Republic to Empire 5. Religion 6. Spread of Christianity 7. Culture 8.

More information

Empires and Civilizations in Collision: The Persians and the Greeks. Strayer: Ways of the World Chapter 4

Empires and Civilizations in Collision: The Persians and the Greeks. Strayer: Ways of the World Chapter 4 Empires and Civilizations in Collision: The Persians and the Greeks Strayer: Ways of the World Chapter 4 The Eurasian classical era saw a flowering of second-wave civilizations 1. civilizations did not

More information

Common Assessment Study Guide

Common Assessment Study Guide 1. How does the geography of Europe effect its development? It's variety of mountains and rivers kept people separated from each other allowing them to develop in their own way. 2. Who was William the

More information

Lesson Two: The Republic and Beyond

Lesson Two: The Republic and Beyond Hear Ye! Hear Ye! Here Come the Romans! Grade Level: Third Grade Presented by: Joie Burke, Judy Sisson, Sandra White, William Jefferson Clinton Primary School, Hope, AR Length of Unit: Seven Lessons/Two

More information

It is tempting for the modern historiographer, looking back at completed actions, to see the events

It is tempting for the modern historiographer, looking back at completed actions, to see the events THE QUESTION OF THE INEVITABILITY OF THE FALL OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC It is tempting for the modern historiographer, looking back at completed actions, to see the events of the past as having been able to

More information

AP WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 6 OUTLINE PACKET: Rome and Han China, 753 BCE - 330 CE

AP WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 6 OUTLINE PACKET: Rome and Han China, 753 BCE - 330 CE AP WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 6 OUTLINE PACKET: Rome and Han China, 753 BCE - 330 CE Rome and Han China, 753 BCE - 330 CE OUTLINE I. Rome s Creation of a Mediterranean Empire, 753 B.C.E. 330 C.E. A. Geography

More information

The Amendments American History Lesson

The Amendments American History Lesson The Amendments American History Lesson Subjects American History Government Grades 6-8 Brief Description Students will be introduced to the 27 Amendments to the Constitution. Then, the students will sort

More information

Money and Justice: Is Texas Ripe for Judicial Reform? A 2013 Public Policy Evaluation by the Texas Fair Courts Network

Money and Justice: Is Texas Ripe for Judicial Reform? A 2013 Public Policy Evaluation by the Texas Fair Courts Network Map courtesy of Justice at Stake Sponsored by the Center for Politics and Governance, LBJ School of Public Affairs November 2013 The Texas Fair Courts Network includes Common Cause Texas, Common Ground

More information

Grammar Preview 2: Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases

Grammar Preview 2: Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases Grammar Preview 2: Prepositions and Prepositional Phrases This preview of basic grammar covers the following: how to determine which words in a sentence are prepositions, and how to identify prepositional

More information

Theodore Roosevelt 1906

Theodore Roosevelt 1906 Theodore Roosevelt 1906 what has especially directed the attention of the friends of peace is President Roosevelt's happy role in bringing to an end the bloody war recently waged between two of the world's

More information

Living together in the Roman Empire Conquerors and rulers of a Great Empire Roman politics - 400 BC - 200 AD

Living together in the Roman Empire Conquerors and rulers of a Great Empire Roman politics - 400 BC - 200 AD LESSON 7 Living together in the Roman Empire Conquerors and rulers of a Great Empire Roman politics - 400 BC - 200 AD Research questions 1. How did Rome become a Great Empire? 2. How did the Romans govern

More information

Monday 20 May 2013 Afternoon

Monday 20 May 2013 Afternoon Monday 20 May 2013 Afternoon AS GCE CLASSICS: ANCIENT HISTORY F392/01/I Roman History from original sources INSERT QUESTION BOOKLET *F336020613* Duration: 1 hour 30 minutes INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES Read

More information

Johnson State College External Degree Program. HIS-3020-JY01 Greek and Roman History Fall 2014

Johnson State College External Degree Program. HIS-3020-JY01 Greek and Roman History Fall 2014 Johnson State College External Degree Program HIS-3020-JY01 Greek and Roman History Fall 2014 3 Credits John David Christensen, Ed.D. E-mail: john.christensen@ccv.edu Work phone: 802/334-3387, 4315 Office

More information

Ancient P olitical Political Thought

Ancient P olitical Political Thought Ancient Political Thought Plato s Republic Overview I. 2. 3. 4. Setting Historical Background Structure of the work Cast of Characters I. The Setting: Locale Locale: Pireaus Port of Athens, about 6 miles

More information

Progressive Era. How does government change to adapt to the needs of society?

Progressive Era. How does government change to adapt to the needs of society? 1 Progressive Era Description: In this introductory lesson students will read amendments 16-19 analyzing them to identify the social or political problems that progressives were trying to address. Grade:

More information

FEUDALISM BETWEEN JAPAN VS. EUROPE. By: Caroline Mancia, Itzel Leon

FEUDALISM BETWEEN JAPAN VS. EUROPE. By: Caroline Mancia, Itzel Leon FEUDALISM BETWEEN JAPAN VS. EUROPE By: Caroline Mancia, Itzel Leon Japanese emperors were just figureheads, which means they did nothing and the shoguns were in charge of them. JAPAN Lived by a code of

More information

EUROPE. Why start with Napoleon? History January from Napoleon to the PRESENT

EUROPE. Why start with Napoleon? History January from Napoleon to the PRESENT History 104 12 January 2009 EUROPE from Napoleon to the PRESENT Why start with Napoleon? Arc de Triomphe (started in 1807) Paris, France (photo 2005) www.indiana.edu/~hist104 Europe, Napoleon to the PRESENT

More information

Quantifying the Roman Economy: Methods and Problems

Quantifying the Roman Economy: Methods and Problems University Press Scholarship Online You are looking at 1-10 of 57 items for: keywords : roman economy Quantifying the Roman Economy: Methods and Problems Alan Bowman and Andrew Wilson (eds) Item type:

More information

Ghana: A West African Trading Empire

Ghana: A West African Trading Empire Ghana: A West African Trading Empire The kingdom of Ghana lasted from 500 C.E. to the 11 th century C.E. The kingdom arose from the Sahel of Africa and spread to the valley between the Senegal and Niger

More information

CHINA OVERVIEW: A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINESE DYNASTIES. Student Handouts, Inc.

CHINA OVERVIEW: A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINESE DYNASTIES. Student Handouts, Inc. CHINA OVERVIEW: A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINESE DYNASTIES Student Handouts, Inc. GEOGRAPHY OF CHINA Larger than the United States Climate varies North Temperate and cold South Subtropical Erosion Floods and

More information

Activity 7 NEWSPAPER ASSIGNMENT

Activity 7 NEWSPAPER ASSIGNMENT Activity 7 NEWSPAPER ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW During this semester you and your satellite classmates will become familiar with the period of Rome s history which precedes the Cornelius family in our Ecce Romani

More information

1. Hispania in Augustus time. From Ecyclopaedia Britannica.

1. Hispania in Augustus time. From Ecyclopaedia Britannica. X ROMAN SPAIN Look at the map and answer the following questions. 1. Hispania in Augustus time. From Ecyclopaedia Britannica. What was the name of Roman Spain? Where is Tarraco? How did Romans divide Spain?

More information

History. Bachelor of Arts Major in History. Objectives. Degree Offered. Major Offered. Minor Offered. International Studies.

History. Bachelor of Arts Major in History. Objectives. Degree Offered. Major Offered. Minor Offered. International Studies. History 123 History Thomas W. Taylor, PhD, Chair Objectives Defying classification as either humanity or social science, history functions as both. It focuses on the values, as well as the ideas, personalities,

More information

Corruption in the Catholic Church. The Reasons behind the Reformation

Corruption in the Catholic Church. The Reasons behind the Reformation Corruption in the Catholic Church The Reasons behind the Reformation What do you see here? What visual clues do you see in the picture that this is a church? What are the people in the lower right corner

More information

World History: Essential Questions

World History: Essential Questions World History: Essential Questions Content Standard 1.0: Culture encompasses similarities and differences among people including their beliefs, knowledge, changes, values, and traditions. Students will

More information

The Civil War 1861 1863

The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War was a fight between the United States of America (the North) and the Confederate States of America (the South). It began after the 1860 Presidential Election. The

More information

Byzantium: Teacher s Guide

Byzantium: Teacher s Guide Byzantium: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9-12 Curriculum Focus: World History Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Rome fell in 476, but the empire moved east and lasted another thousand

More information

Ancient Greece Exercises 1

Ancient Greece Exercises 1 Ancient Greece Exercises 1 1 A N S W E R T H E Q U E S T I O N S I N Y O U R O W N W O R D S! When and where did civilization in the eastern Mediterranean Sea begin? Who were the Dorians and where did

More information

Ancient Greece Unit Test

Ancient Greece Unit Test Ancient Greece Unit Test Name: Date: Completion: Choose the correct word to complete each sentence: ancestors barbarians polis oligarchy democracy Delian aristocracy Illiad monarchy Hellenistic Odyssey

More information

Grade: 6. Next Generation Sunshine State Standards:

Grade: 6. Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: Lesson Plan: Subject: Ancient Rome World History Grade: 6 Next Generation Sunshine State Standards: SS.6.W.3.8 SS.6.W.3.9 SS.6.W.3.10 SS.6.W.3.11 SS.6.W.3.12 SS.6.W.3.14 SS.6.W.3.15 SS.6.W.3.16 Determine

More information