Hard and Superhard Nanocomposite Coating deposited by PVD technology for industrial application. Dott. Romagnoli Denis STS Service and Tools

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1 Hard and Superhard Nanocomposite Coating deposited by PVD technology for industrial application Dott. Romagnoli Denis STS Service and Tools STS s.r.l. via Parini Casalecchio di Reno(Bo) Tel Fax Cell

2 Surface Treatments Modification of based material -Nitriding -Carbo-nitriding -Phosphate -Case Hardening -Oxidation -Shot penning Contribution of heterogeneus material -Galvanic process (Chrome, Nickel) -CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition) -PACVD -PVD (Phisical Vapor Deposition) -Arc -Sputtering -Ion Beam 2

3 Proprieties and deposition technique for Nanostructured PVD coating The NANOSTRUCTURED coatings can be designed in such a way as to have very high values of hardness, wear resistance, corrosion, thermal oxidation and low friction coefficient. These and other properties (such as biocompatibility and catalytic ones) can be combined in a single multifunctional nanostructured coating. PRODUCTION TECHNIQUE Thermal Spray ( HVOF, Plasma, Arc) Sol Gel Physical Vapor Deposition ( Arc, Sputtering) Chemical Vapor Deposition Laser Deposition Elettrodeposition 3

4 Application of Nanostructured PVD coating Tools: Mills, Drills, Hobs, Moulds Automatic machines: food, texil, packiging Mechanical Components: automotive, racing Medical: prothesis, screws, tools and instruments Fashion: pens, glasses, watches, knife 4

5 Toughness Evolution of Nanostructured PVD coating Nanostructured coating Higher Toughness Hardness Termal Exp coefficient Standard coating Nanostructured coating Hardness Density Termal conductivity Lower Friction coefficient 5

6 Structural evolution of PVD coating Strato duro (1-10 ) Nanostructured PVD Coating Materiale di base Standard PVD Coating 6

7 Technical of deposition of Nanostructured PVD coating 7

8 Chemical and phisical proprieties of AlTiSiN Nanostructured PVD coating Hardness : GPa Thermal Conductivity: 0,07 cal/(sxcmx C) Using temperature: maximum 1100 C Frition coefficient vs 100Cr6 : 0,45 Critical Load: N Intrinsecal Roughness: Ra: 0,20 micron 8

9 Nanostructured AlTiN Made in Italy: Nanostructured PVD coating for Mills and Drill Materiale di base 9

10 Made in Italy: Nanostructured PVD Coating in Mills application Strato tenero (0,5-1 ) Materiale di base Nanostructured AlTiSiN 10

11 Made in Italy: Nanostructured PVD Coating for gear cutting Tools Strato tenero (0,5-1 ) Gear Material: Hardened steel Cutting gear box High speed steel Hobs with nanostructured AlCrN coating Dry cutting Speed cutting: 170mt/min Feed: 1,8mm/rp Result: from 500pcs to 900pcs 11

12 Made in Italy: Nanostructured PVD Coating in food machine Materiale di base Component: Neddle The bag Based material: nitriding Steel Coating: Nanostructured TiCN Increasing speed from 1 bag/sec to 5 bag/sec) FDA Approved!!! Component: Welder pack cigarette Based material: Steel and Copper Coating: Nanostructured Me-DLC Reducing cicle time of 30% Component: coffee grinder Based material: C40 Coating: Nanostructured TiN Increasing of tool life of 2 time) 12

13 Made in Italy: Nanostructured PVD Coating in automotive and racing application Strato tenero (0,5-1 ) Nanostructured Me-DLC a-c:h Hardness: 2500HV Friction coefficient: 0,1 13

14 Made in Italy: Nanostructured PVD coating for medical application Italian manufatured Strato tenero (0,5-1 ) Knee joint Base material: Ceramic with Ni Coating: TiNbN Materiale Effect: di No base Ni leaching and increase until 20 years of prothesis life Available for people Ni sensitive Possibility to implat early 14

15 Made in Italy: Nanostructured PVD Coating for fashion application Strato tenero (0,5-1 ) Materiale di base Nanostructured AlTiSiN coating Nanostructured DLC coating 15

16 There is still work to do!! Micro Thank you all for your kind Φ red blood cell attention Nano Φ Oxygen Pico Thank you all for your kind attention Dott. Denis Romagnoli Femto Φ proton 16

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