Summary of Insert Grades. Insert Lineup Turning Milling Drilling Insert Selection Table Grade Properties PCD CBN. Ceramic. Cell Fiber. Cermet.

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1 1~15 Summary of Insert Lineup Milling Drilling Insert Selection Table Grade Properties PCD Ceramic Cell Fiber PVD Coated CVD Coated PVD Coated for PVD Coated for Milling and Drilling 2~7 2~ ~ PCD MEGCOT Cutting Speed / Wear resistance Ceramic Super Micro-Grain Coated Coated Super Micro-Grain Fracture resistance / Toughness / Reliability 1

2 Summary of KYOCER promotes research and development to help improve customers productivity and profitability. KYOCER provides high-quality inserts in various grades including, Coated, Coated Super Micro-Grain,, Ceramic, PCD and. PCD (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) Titanium / Titanium alloys Cutting Range Finishing Roughing Finishing Roughing Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 Milling PCD 8 KPD230 KPD230 9 Sintered steel Classifi cation H01 H10 H20 H K01 K10 K20 K30 Ceramic KBN510 KBN525 KBN05M KBN10M KBN25M KBN30M KBN35M KBN65M KBN70M Heat-resistant alloys / Inconel KBN60M KBN900 Classifi cation H01 H10 H20 H30 S01 S10 S20 S30 K01 K10 K20 K30 Ceramic Cell Fiber 10 KBN N PT600M CF1 11 Heat-resistant alloys / Inconel Cutting Range Finishing Roughing Finishing Roughing Classifi cation H01 H10 H20 H30 S01 S10 S20 S30 K N PT600M KS6000 Cell Fiber KBN35M CF1 (Carbon steel / lloy steel) Milling TN Series TC Series 12 TC40 TN90 TN100M TC60 TN90 TN100M TC60 TC40 Super Micro-Grain PVD Coated (Carbon steel / lloy steel) PV Series PV7010 PV7020 PV60 PV90 12 PV7010 PV7020 PV60 PV90 PV7005 2

3 CVD Coated 13 (Carbon steel / lloy steel) C5505 C4010 C5515 C6515 C4115 C Series C5525 C6525 C4120 C5535 C4505 C4515 CR Series CR9025 CR9025 (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) Heat-resistant alloys / Inconel Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 H01 H10 H20 H30 C6515 C Series C6525 CR Series CR7015 PVD Coated 14, 15 (Carbon steel / lloy steel) PR630 PR630 Milling Drilling PR Series PR730 PR830 (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) Heat-resistant alloys / Inconel PR905 PR1210 Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 H01 H10 H20 H30 Milling Drilling PR Series PR915 PVD Coated for Precision Machining (Carbon steel / lloy steel) 14, 15 PR Series 15 PR1005 PR915 PR1005 PR1115 PR1230 (Carbon steel / lloy steel) PR915 Milling PW30 Drilling GW15 PR1115 (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) PR730 PR830 PR1225 PR1125 PR1125 PR1125 Hard-to-machine materials (Titanium alloys / Heat-resistant alloys) PR1230 Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 H01 H10 H20 H30 Milling Drilling GW15 3

4 Summary of Coated (Carbon steel / lloy steel) TN Series TN90 TN90 TC Series TC40N TC40N TC60M TC60M Super Micro-Grain PV7010 PV7010 PV7005 PV Series PV7020 PV7020 PV60 PV60 PV90 PV90 C5505 C4010 C5515 C6515 C4115 C Series C5525 C6525 C4120 C5535 C4505 C4515 CR Series CR9025 CR9025 PR630 PR630 PR915 PR915 PR Series PR1005 PR1115 PR1125 K30 Ceramic 66N PT600M KS6000 GW15 KBN60M KBN900 Coated (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) Hard-to-machine materials (Titanium alloys / Heat-resistant alloys) Sintered steel Finishing Roughing Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 H01 H10 H20 H C Series PR Series Ceramic PCD GW15 C6515 C6525 PR1125 CF N PT600M KBN510 KBN525 KBN05M KBN10M KBN25M KBN30M KBN35M KBN900 KBN65M KBN70M 4

5 Milling Coated (Carbon steel / lloy steel) TN Series TC Series PR Series TN100M TC60 PR730 PR630 PR830 PW30 TN100M TC60 PR630 PR730 PR830 PR905 GW25 (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) Hard-to-machine materials (Titanium alloys / Heat-resistant alloys) Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 H01 H10 H20 H30 Coated GW25 GW25 KBN525 PCD KPD230 KPD230 Drilling Coated (Carbon steel / lloy steel) PR Series Coated PR1230 (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) PR730 PR830 PR915 PR1225 Hard-to-machine materials (Titanium alloys / Heat-resistant alloys) PR905 GW15 Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 H01 H10 H20 H30 PR Series PR730 PR830 PR915 GW15 GW15 PR1225 PR1230 PR1210 5

6 6 Summary of Insert Selection Table Cut-off Boring Small Tools Milling Drilling Threading Grooving Cut-off pplications Cutting Range Finishing Roughing Vc Cutting speed Low Vc Wear Resistance Cutting Dia. Toughness Large Cutting Dia. Small P M K N S H Sintered Stainless Gray Nodular Non-ferrous Metals Heat-Resistant lloys Titanium lloys Hard s 65 66N K30 PT600M 20 PV7020 KS6000 PV7005 CF1 KBN510 PV7010 C6515 PV7005 C5505 KBN525 PV7020 C5525 C5505 C4115 C6515 KBN05M C5505 C5535 C4010 C4120 C6525 KBN10M KBN65M C5515 C6525 C4505 C4515 PR1125 KBN25M KBN70M C5525 PR1125 KBN60M KBN30M C5535 KBN35M KBN PV7020 C4505 KBN510 PV7010 C6515 C4010 C4515 C6515 KBN525 PV7020 C6525 C4115 C4115 PR1125 KBN05M C5515 PR1005 C4120 C4120 KBN10M C5525 KBN25M KBN65M KBN30M KBN70M PT600M 20 PV7020 PV7005 KBN510 PV7010 C6515 C4010 PV7005 KBN525 PV7020 C5525 C4505 C4115 C6515 KBN05M C5515 C6525 C4115 C4515 C6525 KBN10M KBN65M C5525 C4120 C4120 PR1125 KBN25M KBN70M C5535 PR1125 KBN30M KBN60M CR9025 CR9025 PR915 PR915 (Depends on the workpiece material) Wear Resistance TC40 TC TN90 TN90 KBN510 TC60 TC60 PR905 PR905 PR915 KBN525 TC40N PR630 PR630 PT600M PR915 PR915 GW15 GW15 Toughness PR1115 PR1115 Wear Resistance TC60 TC60 PR630 PR630 - PR1115 PR1115 GW15 GW15 Toughness Wear Resistance PR730 PR730 PR510 PR510 PR830 PR830 PR905 PR905 PR915 PR915 PR1210 PR1210 PR PR1230 PR1225 GW15 Toughness Finishing TN100M PR630 PR630 PR630 PR730 PR730 PR905 PR905 PR730 PR830 PR830 PR GW25 Roughing lighted materials are recommended choices.

7 Grade properties Symbol Color Main Component Ratio Hardness of Substrate Fracture Toughness (HV) (GPa) (MPam 1/2 ) Transverse Strength (MPa) Gray 6.5 1, , Gray 6.4 1, ,500 Gray +NbC 6.6 1, ,760 TN90 Gray +NbC 6.4 1, ,960 TN100M Gray +NbC 6.7 1, ,860 TC40 Gray TiC+TiN 6.0 1, ,570 TC60 Gray NbC 8.1 1, ,670 PVD Coated Symbol Color Main Component Coating Layer Ratio Hardness of Substrate Fracture Toughness (HV) (GPa) (MPam 1/2 ) Transverse Strength (MPa) PV7005 Blackish red MEGCOT Thin 6.0 1, ,470 PV7010 Blackish red MEGCOT Thin 6.5 1, ,000 PV7020 Gold TilN+TiN Thin 6.4 1, ,500 PV60 Gold TiN Thin 6.6 1, ,760 PV90 Gold TiN Thin 6.4 1, ,960 CVD Coated Symbol Color Main Component Coating Layer Ratio Hardness of Substrate Fracture Toughness (HV) (GPa) (MPam 1/2 ) Transverse Strength (MPa) C4010 Gold Columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thick , ,000 C4115 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thick , ,750 C4120 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thick , ,750 C4505 Blackish gray Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 Thick , ,350 C4515 Blackish gray Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 Thick , ,780 C5505 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thick , ,540 C5515 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thick , ,750 C5525 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thick , ,780 C5535 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thick , ,970 C6515 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thin , ,780 C6525 Gold Micro columnar +l 2 O 3 +TiN Thin , ,100 CR9025 Gold Columnar +TiN Thick , ,780 PVD Coated Symbol Color Main Component Coating Layer Ratio Hardness of Substrate Fracture Toughness (HV) (GPa) (MPam 1/2 ) Transverse Strength (MPa) PR630 Gold TiN Thin , ,160 Gold TiN Thin , ,250 PR730 Gold TilN+TiN Thin , ,250 PR830 Gold TilN+TiN Thin , ,250 PR905 Bluish purple TilN Thin , ,000 PR915 Bluish purple TilN Thin , ,140 Reddish gray Thin , ,140 PR1005 Reddish gray Thin , ,300 Reddish gray Thin , ,400 PR1115 Purple red TilN Thin , ,000 PR1125 Purple red TilN Thin , ,400 PR1210 Blackish red MEGCOT Thin , ,000 PR1225 Blackish red MEGCOT Thin , ,400 PR1230 Blackish red MEGCOT Thin , ,250 Symbol Color Main Component Ratio Hardness of Substrate Fracture Toughness (HV) (GPa) (MPam 1/2 ) Transverse Strength (MPa) PW30 Gray WC+Co+TiC+TaC , ,160 Gray WC+Co , ,470 GW15 Gray WC+Co , ,000 GW25 Gray WC+Co , ,400 7

8 PCD PCD KYOCER diamond material is a synthetic diamond sintered under high temperatures and pressures. PCD (Polycrystalline diamond) is ideal for non-ferrous metals and non-metals. Features of PCD N pplications Features pplicable for non-ferrous metals, non-metals turning, milling and other various type of cutting Long tool life due to extreme hardness Capable of high cutting speeds which increases machining productivity Reduced edge build-up allows for high precision machining Diversified applications for machining of non-ferrous materials and non-metals Finished surface will be rainbow colored. (a mirror-like finished surface will not be obtained when single crystal diamond is used.) Symbol v. grain size (μm) dvantages Super Micro-Grain PCD features cutting edge strength, wear resistance, fracture resistance, good edge-sharpening 0.5 performance and long, stable tool life. pplication: speed machining of aluminum alloys, brass, non-ferrous metals and non-metals including plastics, fi berglass, carbide and ceramics. Good wear resistance and toughness, good grindability 10 pplication: General purpose, high speed machining of aluminum alloys, non-ferrous metals and non-metals including plastics, fi berglass, carbide and ceramics. KPD Superior abrasive wear resistance and toughness due to high density PCD with mixed rough and fi ne grains pplication: speed milling of aluminum alloys, non-ferrous metals, plastics and fi berglass (luminum / Non-ferrous metals / Non-metals) Titanium / Titanium alloys Cutting Range Finishing Roughing Finishing Roughing Classifi cation N01 N10 N20 N30 S01 S10 S20 S30 Milling PCD KPD230 KPD230 pplication Map Surface Finish Roughness Comparison of luminum Cutting KPD230 2 Excellent surface finish provided by Super Micro-Grain v. grain size: 0.5μm 1.5 Wear resistance Ra 1 μm Surface finish of conventional PCD 0.5 v. grain size: 10μm Fracture resistance (Toughness) 0 Conve. B Conve. C Compe.D (Grain size affects surface finish quality) 8

9 KYOCER is second only to diamond in hardness. (Cubic Boron Nitride) is a synthetically produced material with high thermal conductivity which provides stable machining. Features Superior wear resistance when machining hard materials Suitable for high speed machining of cast iron and sintered steel thermal conductivity provides stable machining Features of H Hard s Symbol Color v. Grain Size (μm) Content Rate (%) Hardness of Substrate (GPa) Transverse Strength (MPa) KBN510 Black ,000 KBN525 KBN05M (MEGCOT) KBN10M (MEGCOT) KBN25M (MEGCOT) KBN30M (MEGCOT) Black 1 and under ,250 Blackish red ,000 Blackish red ,000 Blackish red 1 and under ,250 Blackish red ,350 KBN65B Black ,150 Sintered KBN65M (MEGCOT) Blackish red ,150 KBN70M (MEGCOT) Blackish red ,350 K KBN60M (MEGCOT) Blackish red ,250 KBN900 (TiN COT) Gold ,050 For KBN35M, see page 11. MEGCOT Properties of PVD coated layer GPa Hardness TiC TiN (Reference: ) MEGCOT TiIN l2o3 (Reference: Ceramic) dvantages Excellent wear resistance and crack resistance, non-coated pplication: Finishing and continuous machining of hardened die steel Good balance of toughness and wear resistance, non-coated pplication: General grade for hardened steel, high stability at high speed and high feed machining Heat-resistant MEGCOT on highly heat-resistant substrate pplication: speed fi nishing of hardened steel Heat-resistant MEGCOT on with hard binder phase, superior anti-crater wear resistance pplication: speed fi nishing of hardened die steel Heat-resistant MEGCOT on micro-grain with heat resistant binder phase pplication: Stable machining of hardened steel at high speed Heat-resistant MEGCOT on tougher pplication: Stable machining of hardened steel for continuous to interrupted cutting Excellent wear resistance due to with heat-resistant binder phase, non-coated pplication: Stable machining of sintered steel (ferrous sintered alloy) at low speed Heat-resistant MEGCOT on with heat-resistant binder phase pplication: Stable machining of sintered steel (ferrous sintered alloy) at low speed Heat-resistant MEGCOT on rich substrate pplication: General machining of sintered steel (ferrous sintered alloy) at high speed Heat-resistant MEGCOT on rich substrate with hard binder phase pplication: speed fi nishing of gray cast iron TiN coated solid pplication: Heavy duty, interrupted cutting and fi nishing of hardened steel, hardened roll steel and cast iron dvantages of MEGCOT MEGCOT Extended Tool Life Improved Stability Speed Machining Oxidation temperature ( C) pplication Map Hard s Machining Sintered Machining KBN70M Machining KBN05M KBN30M KBN25M KBN35M KBN60M KBN900 KBN10M KBN65M KBN65B Finishing Medium Roughing Heavy Interruption Finishing Medium Roughing Finishing Medium Roughing 9

10 Ceramic Ceramic Ceramics inserts are capable of running at high speeds, thus reducing expensive machining time. Hard turning of 38HRC to 64HRC hardened steels, or rough to finished turning of cast irons are recommended applications for ceramic inserts. KYOCER s ceramic grades are designed to resist oxidation and maintain hardness at elevated temperatures. Features Excellent wear resistance enables high cutting speeds Ceramic maintains good surface finishes due to the low affinity to workpiece materials Silicon nitride ceramic (KS6000) has improved thermal shock resistance allowing cast iron machining using coolants Features of Ceramic K K H Hard s Symbol Color Main Component Hardness of Coated Layer (GPa) Hardness of Fracture Toughness Substrate (GPa) (MPa m 1/2 ) Transverse Strength (MPa) K30 White l2o KS6000 Gray Si3N Black l2o3+tic N (TiN coat) Gold l2o3+tic PT600M Blackish l2o3+tic (MEGCOT) red pplication Maps Machining dvantages luminum Oxide ceramic (l2o3) pplication: Finishing of cast iron at high cutting speeds without coolant Silicon nitride ceramic (Si3N4) pplication: feed and interrupted machining of cast iron (with or without coolant) luminum Oxide and Titanium ceramic (l2o3+tic) pplication: Semi-roughing to fi nishing of cast iron, and hardened materials. TiN PVD coated luminum Oxide and Titanium ceramic (TiN coated l2o3+tic) pplication: Semi-roughing to fi nishing of hard materials Heat-resistant MEGCOT on luminum Oxide and Titanium ceramic (MEGCOT l2o3+tic) pplication: Semi-roughing to finishing of cast iron, hard materials and roll materials Hard s Machining K30 PT600M PT600M 66N 66N 65 KS Fracture resistance (Toughness) Fracture resistance (Toughness) 10 -Temperature Hardness Hardness -TiC Ceramic Speed Ceramic Temperature ( C) Properties of PVD Coating (GPa) Hardness TiC TiN MEGCOT TiIN (Reference: ) l2o3 (Reference: Ceramic) Oxidation temperature ( C) MEGCOT

11 Core Cell Fibers combine a hard, wear-resistant core and a tough shell into one insert. The tough shell stops cracks that form in the core. Characteristics of Cell Fiber are obtained through a combinations of materials and structures. Shell Features of Cell Fiber H Hard s Symbol Color KBN35M Blackish (MEGCOT) red Main Component dvantages Cell Fiber composite material consisting of wear resistant (core) and tough (shell) Heat-resistant MEGCOT on tough Cell Fiber pplication: Stable machining of hardened steel at interrupted range S CF1 Gray Ceramic Heat-Resistant lloys Cell Fiber ceramic composite material consisting of wear resistant ceramic (core) and tough ceramic (shell) pplication: Cutting of heat-resistant alloys like Inconel KBN35M (MEGCOT Cell Fiber ) Wear-resistant (core) KBN35M Conventional Competitor B Competitor C Tough (shell) Impact (hits) pplication Map Heat-Resistant lloys Machining Cell Fiber Cell Fiber Cell Fiber is composite material consisting of a controlled fibrous core (gray portion) and shell (white portion). Features Tough (shell) prevents crack growth (Heavy Interrupted Cutting) Machining KBN05M KBN25M KBN30M KBN35M CF1 KBN10M Fracture resistance (Toughness) Heavy Interruption Fracture resistance (Toughness) 11

12 KYOCER is known as the leading manufacturer of cermets. is composite word with Ceramic and Metal. Typical materials used in cermets are TiC, TiN, and NbC. Designed to provide long tool life and excellent surface finishes, cermets combine toughness with superior wear resistance. PVD Coated is coated on cermet substrate with a thin layer of high wear resistance and high adhesion resistance by PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition) technology. Generally because of the low processing temperature of PVD compared with CVD, PVD Coated features less deterioration and more bending strength. Features of and PVD Coated P K PVD Symbol (Super Micro-Grain) Color Gray Gray +NbC 20 (Super Micro-Grain) Gray TN100M Gray +NbC TC40 Gray TiC+TiN PV7010 Blackish (Super Micro-Grain) red PV7020 (Super Micro-Grain) PV7005 Gold Blackish red Main Component dvantages (Coated Composition) Improved surface cermet with superior wear resistance and toughness pplication: Economical uncoated cermet for steel Typical choice cermet with superior wear resistance and toughness pplication: Machining of steel and stainless steel Super micro-grain cermet with superior wear resistance and toughness pplication: First choice cermet for steel and stainless steel machining Tough cermet with improved oxidation resistance and thermal shock resistance pplication: Milling of steel at high speed Good balance of wear resistance and toughness pplication: Grooving and threading of steel (MEGCOT) (TilN+TiN) TiC+TiN (MEGCOT) PVD Coated Heat-resistant MEGCOT on improved surface cermet with excellent wear resistance and toughness pplication: Stable and improved tool life in steel cutting, excellent surface fi nish TilN base PVD coated on super micro-grain cermet pplication: First choice PVD coated cermet for steel cutting, good balance of superior wear resistance and toughness Heat-resistant MEGCOT on cermet with excellent wear resistance pplication: speed fi nishing of gray and nodular cast iron 12 pplication Map Ceramic PV7005 Fracture resistance (Toughness) Continuous Light interruption interruption Features of PVD PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition) Reacted Gas (N2) Coating (Ti) (Earth) PV7010 Electric Gun Electric Beam (Rotation) (Revolution) Products mounting Vacuum pump Power Source PV Ion Coated Features No deterioration No loss of Transverse Strength Excellent Chipping resistance Processing temperature: 400~600 C New : PV7010, PV7005, MEGCOT Improved tool life and high speed capability due to its superior heat resistance and hardness Stability improvement through prevention of crater wear (oxidation, diffusional wear) thermal stability and surface smoothness provide excellent surface fi nish PV7010: MEGCOT for PV7005: MEGCOT for Improved Surface Hard surface and tougher inner phase chieves balance between wear resistance and toughness Economical uncoated cermet Properties of PVD Coating GPa Hardness : Uncoated for TiC TiN MEGCOT TiIN (Reference: ) l2o3 (Reference: Ceramic) Oxidation temperature ( C) MEGCOT

13 CVD Coated CVD Coated KYOCER s CVD coated carbide grades are based on ceramic thin film technology and provide stable, efficient machining at high speeds or heavy interrupted applications. CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition) Reactor Heater Products (Inserts) Features of CVD Coated pplication Map machining Classifi cation P P05 P15 P25 P35 Cutting shape Symbol C5505 C5515 C5525 C5535 speed, Longer tool life machining Color Gold Gold Gold Gold Light interruption, Stable Coated Composition main Component Micro columnar +l2o3+tin Micro columnar +l2o3+tin Micro columnar +l2o3+tin Micro columnar +l2o3+tin CR9025 Gold Columnar +TiN M C6515 Gold Micro columnar +l2o3+tin Micro columnar Stainless C6525 Gold +l2o3+tin K C4010 Gold Columnar +l2o3+tin C4115 C4120 C4505 C4515 Gold Gold Blackish gray Blackish gray C5505 Features pplicable from low to high speed machining and from finishing to roughing Stable machining is achieved due to the superior toughness and crack resistance Machining times are reduced due to good chip control from effective chipbreakers Micro columnar +l2o3+tin Micro columnar +l2o3+tin Micro columnar +l2o3 Micro columnar +l2o3 C5515 Interruption, General purpose C5525 Heavy interruption, feed Heavy Interruption Stainless machining Cutting speed Low Cutting shape dvantages C6515 Trap Vacuum pump Features Equally deposited on face Easy application for multilayer deposition Enabling thick coating Processing temperature: 900~1100ºC Improved wear resistance due to hard carbide substrate and micro columnar structure of coated composition pplication: speed continuous cutting of steel, continuous to light interrupted cutting of cast iron Improved wear resistance and longer tool life due to micro columnar structure of coated composition pplication: speed cutting of steel, continuous to light interruption Improved toughness and wear resistance due to tougher carbide substrate and micro columnar structure of coated composition pplication: First choice for general cutting of steel, roughing to interruption Improved toughness due to tougher carbide substrate pplication: Roughing to heavy interrupted cutting of steel Improved toughness and stability due to specialized carbide substrate with plastic deformation resistance pplication: Cut-off, grooving and multi-function machining of steel Specialized carbide substrate for stainless steel cutting, excellent wear resistance pplication: Continuous to light interrupted cutting of stainless steel Specialized carbide substrate for stainless steel cutting, excellent notching resistance and toughness pplication: First choice for general cutting of stainless steel, from finishing to roughing, continuous to interruption Excellent high temperature stability due to plastic deformation and oxidation wear resistance pplication: Continuous to light interrupted high speed cutting of cast iron Improved wear resistance due to micro columnar structure of coated composition pplication: Nodular cast iron machining, continuous to light interruption Improved toughness and wear resistance due to tougher carbide substrate and micro columnar structure of coated composition pplication: Roughing to heavy interrupted cutting of nodular cast iron Stable, long tool life due to improved bounding force of coated layers and special treatment on the surface of top coated layer pplication: For gray cast iron and nodular cast iron at high speed in continuous to light interrupted machining Stable, long tool life due to improved bounding force of coated layers and special treatment on the surface of top coated layer pplication: First choice for gray cast iron and nodular cast iron in light to heavy interrupted machining C5535 C6525 (First choice grade) PR1125 GG (FC) (Gray) GGG(FCD) GGG(FCD) Cutting shape For cast iron machining For nodular cast iron machining GG (FC) (Gray) GGG(FCD) GGG(FCD) Cutting shape For cast iron machining For nodular cast iron machining For nodular cast iron machining 13

14 PVD Coated (for ) PVD Coated KYOCER s PVD coated carbide grades are based on ceramic thin film coating and precise edging technologies and are good for precision machining, grooving, threading and cutoff. Very tough carbide substrate and innovative coating technology promote excellent wear resistance and strong coating adhesion for long tool life and stable machining. Features Good for low to high speeds and finishing to heavy roughing machining Stable machining with excellent toughness Smooth fine surface of PVD coated carbide provides good surface finish and high precision machining Features of PVD Coated Symbol PR915 (Super Micro-Grain) (Super Micro-Grain) P PR1005 PR1115 Color Bluish violet Reddish gray Reddish gray Reddish gray Purple red Main dvantages Component TilN base PVD coated on super micro-grain carbide, superior wear and oxidation resistance TilN pplication: Stable and reliable high precision machining of steel Hard base PVD coated on super micro-grain carbide pplication: Low cutting speed, precise machining with sharp cutting edge base PVD coated on hard micro-grain carbide pplication: of free-cutting steel, long tool life achieved through anti-adhesion performance base PVD coated on micro-grain carbide pplication: General purpose machining of steel and stainless steel, stable and long tool life Hard TilN base PVD coated on super micro-grain carbide TilN pplication: Superior anti-oxidation performance with well balanced wear resistance and toughness M Purple PR1125 red Stainless TilN Hard TilN base PVD coated on super micro-grain carbide, superior toughness and heat resistance pplication: Finishing to interrupted machining of stainless steel K PR905 Bluish violet TilN Smooth fine surface PVD coated on hard carbide with plastic deformation resistance pplication: Suitable for milling of gray and nodular cast iron and turning of high temperature alloys pplication Maps machining PR1005 Stainless / Hard-to-machine s machining PR1125 Fracture resistance (Toughness) Fracture resistance (Toughness) 14 Features of PVD Reacted Gas (N2) Coating (Ti) PVD (Physical Vapor Deposition) (Earth) Electric Gun Power Source Electric Beam (Rotation) (Revolution) Products mounting Vacuum pump Ion Features No deterioration No loss of Transverse Strength Excellent Chipping resistance Processing temperature: 400~600 C Properties of PVD Coating GPa Hardness TiC TiN MEGCOT TiIN (Reference: ) l2o3 (Reference: Ceramic) Oxidation temperature ( C)

15 PVD Coated for Milling and Drilling PVD Coated KYOCER s PVD coated carbide for milling and drilling is coated on a very tough carbide substrate. Because of the low process temperature compared with CVD, it features no erosion of bending strength, less deterioration of coating and realizes superior long tool life and stable machining. Features of PVD Coated for Milling and Drilling P M Stainless K Symbol Color Main Component dvantages PR630 Gold TiN PR730 Gold TilN+TiN PR830 Gold TilN+TiN PR1230 Blackish red MEGCOT Gold TiN Reddish gray PR1225 Blackish red MEGCOT PR905 Bluish violet TilN PR1210 Blackish red MEGCOT TiN base PVD coated carbide pplication: General propose for milling, grooving and threading of steel Superior oxidation resistance with well balanced wear resistance and toughness pplication: Stable and long tool life at high speed machining of steel Improved high temperature stability and wear resistance by TilN base PVD coating pplication: Stable and long tool life for milling of steel Superior wear and oxidation resistant MEGCOT on special tough carbide substrate pplication: Stable and high feed drilling of steel Superior adhesion-resistant TiN base PVD coated carbide on special tough carbide substrate pplication: For steel, stainless steel, cast steel and heat-resistant alloys, low speed machining base PVD coated on micro-grain carbide pplication: Stable and long tool life milling of stainless steel Superior wear and oxidation-resistant MEGCOT on micro-grain carbide substrate pplication: General and high feed drilling of steel and stainless steel TilN base PVD coated on special tough carbide substrate for cast iron pplication: ly effi cient stable milling and drilling of gray and nodular cast iron Superior wear and oxidation resistant MEGCOT on special carbide substrate for cast iron pplication: ly effi cient stable drilling of gray and nodular cast iron Due to its superior mechanical features carbide is used in a variety of applications. KYOCER produces a variety of carbides, including for non-ferrous materials and micro-grain carbides for precision machining. Features Tough and hard Good thermal conductivity Suitable for machining non-ferrous metals and non-metals Stable machining at low cutting speeds, including milling operations Features of Symbol Color Main Component dvantages P PW30 Gray ISO identifi cation symbol P carbide (K10 relevant) WC+Co+TiC+TaC pplication: Milling of steel, stable wear resistance and toughness N Gray WC+Co GW15 Gray WC+Co GW25 Gray WC+Co ISO identifi cation symbol K carbide (K10 relevant) pplication: Stable machining of cast iron, non-ferrous materials and non-metals ISO identifi cation symbol K carbide (equivalent to K10), tough micro-grain carbide pplication: wear resistance and toughness for cast iron, non-ferrous materials and non-metals ISO identifi cation symbol K carbide (K30 relevant) pplication: Stable wear resistance and anti-chipping performance for milling operations of aluminum 15

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