# University of Waterloo Final Examination. Term: Fall Year: Core Concepts of Accounting Information

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1 University of Waterloo Final Examination Term: Fall Year: 2005 Student Name Solution UW Student ID Number Course Abbreviation and Number AFM 101 Course Title Core Concepts of Accounting Information Section(s) 001, 002, 003, 004 Instructor Duane Kennedy Date of Exam Wednesday, December 14, 2005 Time Period Start time: 4:00 pm End time: 6:30 pm Duration of Exam 2.5 hours Number of Exam Pages 25 (including this cover sheet) Exam Type Additional Materials Allowed Special Materials Cordless calculators may be used. The calculator must be standalone with no communication or data storage features. Both the examination paper and multiple choice card must submitted. Marking Scheme: Question Score Question Score 1 (14 marks) 6 (8 marks) 2 (10 marks) 7 (8 marks) 3 (8 marks) 8 (12 marks) 4 (4 marks) 9 (8 marks) 5 (8 marks) 10 (35 marks) Total score: 115 marks

2 Question 1 (14 Marks) Required: Answer the following independent questions. A) King Limited issued \$1,000,000, 10 percent, 10 year bonds dated July 1, Interest is paid semi-annually on June 30 and December 31. The issue price was \$1,135,903 based on a market interest rate of 8 percent. The company uses the effective interest rate method of amortization. Complete the following table: Date Interest Payment Interest Expense Amortization of Discount or Premium Book Value July 1, \$1,135,903 Dec. 31, 2005 \$50,000 \$45, \$4, \$1,131, Interest Payment = \$1,000,000 * 10% / 2 = \$50,000 Interest Expense = \$1,135,903 * 4% = \$45, Amortization of Premium = \$50,000-45, = \$4, Book Value = \$1,135,903-4, = \$1,131, B) Columbia Corporation issued 3,000, 10 year bonds at 103 on November 1, 2005, which results in an effective interest rate of 8%. The bonds have a \$1,000 face value and a 9% stated interest rate. Interest is payable annually on October 31. The company uses the straight-line amortization method. Record the payment of interest on October 31, Issue price = 3,000 * \$1,000 * 1.03% = \$3,090,000 Total premium = \$3,090,000 3,000,000 = \$90,000 Amortization = \$90,000 / 10 years = \$9,000 / year Interest Expense \$261,000 Premium on Bonds Payable 9,000 Cash (\$3,000,000 * 9%) \$270,000 AFM 101 Page 2 of 25

3 C) Weber Company issued \$5,000,000, 8 percent, 10 year bonds dated May 1, Interest is paid semi-annually on October 31 and April 30. The market rate of interest was 6 percent. Record the sale of the bonds on May 1, Present value of principal = \$5,000,000 * PV(n=20, i=3%) = \$5,000,000 * = \$2,770,000 Present value of interest = \$5,000,000 * 4% * PV(annuity, n=20, i=3%) = \$200,000 * = \$2,975,400 Issue price = \$2,770, ,975,400 = \$5,745,400 Cash \$5,745,400 Premium on Bonds Payable \$745,400 Bonds Payable \$5,000,000 Note: if a financial calculator or formulas are used: Present value of principal \$2,768, Present value of interest \$2,975, Issue price \$5,743, AFM 101 Page 3 of 25

4 Question 2 (10 Marks) The records of Shorter Company reflected the following for the month of February: Date Transaction Number of Units Unit Cost Feb. 1 Beginning inventory 600 \$3 Feb. 2 Purchase 500 \$4 Feb. 5 Sale (selling price \$12/unit) 700 Feb. 12 Purchase 600 \$5 Feb. 15 Sale (selling price \$13/unit) 700 Feb. 23 Purchase 900 \$6 Feb.28 Ending inventory? Shorter Company uses a periodic inventory system. Required: Complete the following table for February: Inventory Method Number of FIFO LIFO Weighted Average Units Revenue 1,400 \$17,500 \$17,500 \$17,500 Cost of Goods 1,400 5,300 7,900 6,569 Sold Gross Margin 1,400 12,200 9,600 10,931 Cost of Ending Inventory 1,200 6,900 4,300 5,631 Cost of goods available for sale = 600 * \$ * \$ * * \$6 = \$12,200 Number of units available for sale = 2,600 units Revenue = 700 * \$ * \$13 = \$17,500 COGS FIFO = 600 * \$ * \$ * \$5 = \$5,300 COGS LIFO = 900 * \$ * \$5 = \$7,900 COGS weighted average = (\$12,200 / 2,600 units) * 1,400 units = \$4.69 * 1,400 units = \$6, Ending inventory FIFO = \$12,200 5,300 = \$6,900 LIFO = \$12,200 7,900 = \$4,300 Weighted average = 1,200 * \$4.69 = \$5, AFM 101 Page 4 of 25

5 Question 3 (8 Marks) Reba Company reported net income of \$10,000 for Additional 2005 information is as follows: Expenditure for the purchase of equipment \$6,000 Amortization expense for plant and equipment 2,000 Dividends paid on common stock 900 Net increase in accounts payable 400 Net decrease in inventory 200 Purchase of computer equipment in exchange for note payable 1,500 Amortization of patent 100 Net decrease in accounts receivable 300 Cash received from sale of equipment 3,500 (net book value \$2,800) Required: Prepare the operating activities section of the statement of cash flows for Reba Company for 2005 using the indirect method. Please use the following table to complete this question. Reba Company Statement of Cash Flows For the Year Ended December 31, 2005 Operating Activities: _Net Income \$10,000 _Amortization of plant and equipment 2,000 _Amortization of patent 100 _Net increase in accounts payable 400 _Net decrease in inventory 200 _Net decrease in accounts receivable 300 _Gain on sale of equipment (700) Net cash flow from operating activities \$12,300 AFM 101 Page 5 of 25

6 Question 4 (4 Marks) Regan, Inc., has the following share capital: Common shares, 100,000 shares authorized, 20,000 shares outstanding Preferred shares, \$4, 10,000 shares authorized, 3,500 shares outstanding The company declared a cash dividend of \$40,000 in No dividends were declared or paid during Dividends were paid on preferred and common shares in Required: Compute the amount of cash that would be paid to each stockholder group in 2005 under each assumption: Cash Dividends Paid To: Assumption: Preferred Shareholders Common Shareholders Preferred shares are 3,500 * \$4 * 2 years = \$12,000 cumulative \$28,000 Preferred shares are noncumulative 3,500 * \$4 = \$14,000 \$26,000 AFM 101 Page 6 of 25

7 Question 5 (8 Marks) Red Company received the following October 31, 2005, bank statement: Transactions Balance Balance, September 30 \$18,000 Deposits recorded during October \$40,000 58,000 Customer note collected for Red Company 2,520 60,520 (including \$120 interest) Cheques cleared during October (38,300) 22,220 NSF cheque (given to Red Company by (100) 22,120 a customer) Bank service charges (15) 22,105 Balance, October 31 \$22,105 The cash account (in Red Company s ledger) reflected the following for October: September 30 balance \$20,500 October cash deposits 41,000 October cheques written (38,600) October 31 balance \$22,900 The September 30 bank reconciliation showed outstanding cheques of \$500 and deposits in transit of \$3,000. Required: Prepare the bank reconciliation using the following table: Red Company Bank Reconciliation October 31, 2005 Company s Books Bank Statement Ending cash balance per books \$22,900 Ending cash balance per bank statement \$22,105 Additions Collection of customer note 2,520 Deductions NSF cheque (100) Bank service charges (15) Additions Deposits in transit 4,000 (\$41, ,000 40,000) Deductions Outstanding cheques (800) (\$38, ,300) Ending correct cash balance \$25,305 Ending correct cash balance \$25,305 AFM 101 Page 7 of 25

8 Question 6 (8 marks) Duval Company acquired a machine on January 1, 2004, at a cost of \$2,700. The machine had an estimated useful life of five years and an estimated residual value of \$200. Duval Company estimates that the machine can be used to produce 10,000 units over its lifetime. Actual production was 1,000 units in 2004 and 1,200 units in The fiscal year end is December 31. Required: Complete the following schedule using the three methods of amortization: (a) straight-line, (b) units-of-production, and (c) declining-balance at 150% acceleration rate. Method Amortization Expense Accumulated Amortization for 2005 at December 31, 2005 Straight-line \$500 \$1,000 Units-of-production \$300 \$550 Declining-balance 567 \$1,377 Straight-line: (\$2, ) / 5 years = \$500 / year Units-of-production: (\$2, ) / 10,000 units = \$0.25 / unit Amortization expense = 1,200 units * \$0.25 / unit = \$300 Accumulated amortization = (1, ,200 units) * \$0.25 / unit = \$550 Declining-balance: Rate = 20% * 150% = 30% 2004: \$2,700 * 30% = \$ : Amortization expense = (\$2, )* 30% = \$1,890 * 30% = \$567 Accumulated amortization = \$ = \$1,377 AFM 101 Page 8 of 25

9 Question 7 (8 marks) The following transactions were completed during 2005 by Groundhog Limited. The annual accounting period ends December 31. Required: A) Groundhog Limited made a lump sum purchase of an office building, including the land and some fixtures, for cash of \$160,000. The tax assessments for the past year reflected the following: Land, \$22,500; Building, \$58,500; and Fixtures, \$9,000. Record the purchase. Land (\$22,500 / \$90,000) * \$160,000 \$40,000 Building (\$58,500 / \$90,000) * \$160, ,000 Fixtures (\$9,000 / \$90,000) * \$160,000 16,000 Cash \$160,000 B) Unpaid wages for the last two days of December 2005, amounting to \$3,200, have not been recorded. Provide the adjusting entry required at December 31, 2005, or explain why no entry is required. Wages Expense \$3,200 Wages Payable \$3,200 C) On December 1, 2005, rent revenue of \$600 was collected for December and January. Rent revenue was credited for a total of \$600 on December 1. Provide the adjusting entry required at December 31, 2005, or explain why no entry is required. Rent Revenue \$300 Unearned Rent Revenue \$300 D) Groundhog Limited signed a \$4,000, six month, 10% interest bearing note payable on October 1, Provide the adjusting entry required at December 31, 2005, or explain why no entry is required. Interest Expense \$100 Interest Payable \$100 (\$4,000 * 10% * 3/12) AFM 101 Page 9 of 25

10 Question 8 (12 marks) The following information was taken from the financial statements of Lawrence Company for the years 2005 and 2004 (amounts in thousands): Income Statement Net operating revenues \$ 19,805 \$ 18,813 Cost of goods sold 6,009 5,562 Gross profit 13,796 13,251 Selling, administrative and general expenses 9,001 8,211 Other operating charges Operating income 3,982 4,967 Other revenues (expenses) including interest expense of (163) 231 \$337 (\$277) in 2005 (2004) Income before taxes 3,819 5,198 Income tax expense (tax rate 36.3% (32.0%) in 2005 (2004)) 1,388 1,665 Net income \$2,431 \$3,533 Balance Sheet Cash and cash equivalents \$ 1,611 \$ 1,648 Marketable securities Trade accounts receivables, net of allowance for doubtful 1,798 1,666 accounts of \$101 (\$89) in 2005 (2004) Inventories 1, Prepaid expenses and other assets 1,794 2,017 Total current assets 6,480 6,380 Total investment assets 8,916 8,549 Property, plant and equipment, net of accumulated 4,267 3,669 amortization of \$3,126 (\$2,887) in 2005 (2004) Goodwill and other intangible assets 1, Total assets \$21,623 \$19,145 Current liabilities 9,856 8,640 Long-term debt Other liabilities and deferred taxes 1,400 1,415 Total liabilities 12,110 10,742 Total stockholders' equity 9,513 8,403 Total liabilities and stockholders' equity \$21,623 \$19,145 Required: Calculate the following ratios for 2005: A) Times interest earned ratio = \$2, , = \$4,156 / \$337 = AFM 101 Page 10 of 25

11 Accounts receivable turnover ratio = \$19,805 ½ (\$1, ,666) = \$19,805 \$1,732 = B) Return on assets = \$2,431 ½ (\$21, ,145) = \$2,431 \$20,384 = 11.93% C) Debt to equity ratio = \$12,110 \$9,513 = 1.27 D) Current ratio = \$6,480 \$9,856 = 0.66 E) Return on equity = \$2,431 ½ (\$9, ,403) = \$2,431 \$8,958 = 27.14% AFM 101 Page 11 of 25

12 Question 9 (8 marks) The answers to the following questions must appear in the space provided. A) What are the advantages of issuing common stock instead of issuing corporate bonds to raise needed funds? - lower financial risk since bonds require the payment of interest and principal - avoids constraints on management actions that arise from debt covenants B) Briefly define the term short selling. Short selling is borrowing shares from a broker and then selling the shares. The shares must be repurchased at some time in the future and returned to the broker. C) Briefly discuss the impact on the financial statements if a long-term lease is classified as an operating lease rather than a capital lease. If a lease is classified as an operating lease then the company shows rent expense on the Income Statement and shows the future lease payments in a footnote to the financial statements. If a lease is classified as a capital lease then an asset and corresponding liability are shown on the Balance Sheet. D) The article Stock Options: So Who s Counting? argues that many companies are trying to minimize the impact of options on their financial statements. Briefly discuss reasons for this behaviour. Companies try to minimize the impact of options because they do not want their net income reduced by the option expense and they do not want to record a large liability for outstanding options. (Answers written below this line will not be graded) AFM 101 Page 12 of 25

13 Question 10 (35 marks) Choose the correct response from the answers provided. There is no mark penalty for incorrect responses. Mark the correct responses by completing the University of Waterloo answer card, using a black lead HB pencil only. Write your name and student number on the answer card and mark your student number in the appropriate ovals. You do not need to complete the section number and card number. Answers recorded on the following pages will not be marked. 1. The records of Pam Company showed the following about a machine on January 1, 20H: Purchased 1/1/20E for \$35,000 Accumulated amortization at January 1, 20H, \$26,400 On July 1, 20H, the machine was sold for \$7,000. Amortization for the first six months of 20H was \$1,467. The gain or loss on disposal would be A) \$1,600 gain. B) \$ 133 gain. C) \$1,600 loss. D) \$ 133 loss. E) None of the amounts is correct. 2. Belmont Corporation made a basket purchase of land, a building and equipment, paying a total of \$1,500,000. Market values for the assets were not available, but the appraised values were \$300,000 for the land, \$900,000 for the building, and \$600,000 for equipment. What amounts should be recorded in the Land, Building, and Equipment accounts, respectively? A) \$300,000, \$900,000, and \$600,000. B) \$1,500,000, \$ -0-, and \$ -0-. C) \$250,000, \$750,000, and \$500,000. D) \$500,000, \$500,000, and \$500,000. E) \$ -0-, \$1,500,000, and \$ The following information was taken from the 20B income statement of Milburn Company: Pretax income, \$12,000; Total operating expenses, \$20,000; Sales revenue, \$120,000. Compute cost of goods sold. A) \$ 88,000. B) \$100,000. C) \$108,000. D) \$112,000. E) None of the amounts listed. AFM 101 Page 13 of 25

14 4. On July 1, 20A, Wilson Company issued \$300,000, five-year, 9% bonds at 103. The reason Wilson issued the bonds at a premium was A) the stated rate of interest was higher than the rate being paid on investments with comparable risk. B) the stated rate of interest was the same as the rate being paid on investments with comparable risk. C) the stated rate of interest was lower than the rate being paid on investments with comparable risk. D) the bonds were callable. E) None of the responses is correct. 5. In 2001, DAL Co. had a fixed asset turnover of 1.63 compared to ABC Co. of What is the most likely cause of DAL Co.'s higher ratio? A) DAL Co. is less efficient in generating net sales from its operational assets. B) DAL Co. is more efficient at generating net income from employing its operational assets. C) DAL Co. is able to generate greater sales from its operational assets. D) DAL Co. is able to generate less net income from its operational assets. 6. On December 15, 20A, Toby Company accepted delivery of merchandise which it purchased on credit. As of December 31, 20A, the company had neither recorded the transaction nor included the merchandise in its inventory because the seller's invoice had not been received. The effect of this omission on its balance sheet at December 31, 20A, (end of the accounting period) was that A) assets and shareholder's equity were overstated but liabilities were not affected. B) shareholder's equity was the only item affected by the omission. C) assets and liabilities were understated but shareholders' equity was not affected. D) assets and shareholders' equity were understated but liabilities were not affected. E) the balance sheet was correct because the invoice had not been received. 7. Angstrom Corporation purchased a truck at a cost of \$60,000. It has an estimated useful life of five years and estimated residual value of \$5,000. At the beginning of year three, Angstrom's managers concluded that the total useful life would be four years, rather than five. There was no change in the estimated residual value. What is the amount of amortization that Angstrom should record for year 3 under the straight-line method? A) \$15,500. B) \$ 8,250. C) \$11,000. D) \$16,500. E) \$15, A company acquires land by issuing 10,000 shares of its common stock currently trading at \$20 per share and the appraised value of the land is \$250,000. We would record the land by A) Using its appraised value of \$250,000 and recognize a gain of \$50,000 since we are issuing stock only currently worth \$200,000. B) Record the land at the value of the consideration given up, \$200,000. C) Record the land at the average of its appraised value of \$250,000 and the \$200,000 value of the stock issued, thereby recognizing a \$25,000 gain. D) All of the responses are acceptable methods of assigning a value to the land. AFM 101 Page 14 of 25

15 9. The main purpose of recording amortization is to A) allocate the cost of a tangible asset to the periods in which its use contributes to earning revenue. B) estimate the remaining useful life of the asset. C) report the asset on the balance sheet at the estimated amount for which the asset could be sold on the balance sheet date. D) estimate the current replacement cost of the asset. E) give the bookkeeper something to do. 10. Callable bonds may be A) turned in for early retirement at the option of the bondholder. B) converted to common stock at the option of the bondholder. C) called for early retirement at the option of the issuer. D) converted to registered bonds at the option of the company president. E) None of the responses is correct. 11. Martinelli Company recently purchased a truck. The price negotiated with the dealer was \$85,000. Martinelli also paid sales tax of \$6,000 on the purchase, shipping and preparation costs of \$950, and insurance for the first year of operation of \$2,000. For the truck, what amount should be debited to the asset account Vehicles? A) \$85,000. B) \$91,000. C) \$91,000. D) \$91,950. E) \$93, When prices are rising: A) LIFO will result in lower net income and a higher inventory valuation than will FIFO. B) LIFO will result in higher net income and lower inventory valuation than will FIFO. C) FIFO will result in lower net income and a lower inventory valuation than will LIFO. D) FIFO will result in higher net income and a higher inventory valuation than will LIFO. E) None of the responses is correct. 13. If merchandise for resale is purchased for \$2,000, terms 2/10, n/30, the entry to record the purchase should (assuming a periodic inventory system and the gross method): Debit Credit A) Inventory \$2,000 Accounts payable \$1,960 B) Accounts payable \$1,960 Inventory \$1,960 C) Inventory \$1,960 Accounts payable \$2,000 D) Purchases \$2,000 Accounts payable \$2,000 E) Purchases \$1,960 Accounts payable \$1,960 AFM 101 Page 15 of 25

16 14. Joe Company sold merchandise with an invoice price of \$1,000 to Gibbs, Inc., with terms of 2/10, n/30. Which of the following is the correct entry (in Gibbs' accounting records) to record the payment by Gibbs within the 10 days if the company uses the periodic inventory system and the gross method to record purchases? A) Cash 980 Sales Discount 20 Accounts receivable 1,000 B) Accounts Payable 1,000 Cash 980 Purchases Discounts 20 C) Accounts Payable 1,000 Cash 1,000 D) Purchases 980 Cash 980 E) None of the above is correct. 15. In 20B, Gamma Company made an ordinary repair to a delivery truck at a cost of \$300. Gamma's accountant debited the asset account, Delivery Vehicles. Was this treatment an error, and if so, what will be the effect on the financial statements of Gamma? A) The repair was accounted for correctly. B) The error increased assets and net income in 20B. C) In the years following 20B, net income will be too high. D) The error decreased net income in 20B. E) Net income was correctly stated for 20B. 16. Which of the following statements is correct? A) Bonds are always issued (sold) at their par value. B) Bonds issued at more than par value are said to be issued at a discount. C) Once bonds are issued, the bonds will trade in the bond market above or below par depending on changes in interest rates. D) Bondholders must hold their bonds to maturity to receive cash for their investment. E) None of the responses is correct. 17. Fabulous Corporation plans to raise \$500,000 cash on January 1, 20A, by issuing either (not both) bonds payable (8% interest rate) or cumulative preferred stock (8% dividend rate). The accounting period ends December 31. How would the annual interest amount or annual dividend amount (if paid) affect the amount of net income for 20A? A) Annual net income would be reduced by the annual interest and by the preferred stock dividends. B) Annual net income would be reduced by the interest but not by the preferred stock dividends. C) Annual net income would not be reduced by the annual interest nor by the preferred stock dividends. D) Annual net income would be reduced by the preferred dividends but not by the interest E) None of the statements is correct. AFM 101 Page 16 of 25

17 18. During 20A, Thomas Company recorded bad debt expense of \$15,000 and wrote off an uncollectible account receivable amounting to \$5,000. Assuming a January 1, 20A, balance in the allowance for doubtful accounts of \$10,000, the December 31, 20A, balance in the allowance account would be A) \$25,000. B) \$20,000. C) \$15,000. D) \$ 5,000. E) None of these amounts is correct. Use the following information to answer questions 19 and 20. Liberty Company estimates that its annual bad debts approximate 4% of credit sales. Liberty had the following balances at year-end prior to recording adjusting entries: Credit Sales \$160,000 Accounts Receivable 30,000 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 100 (debit) 19. Following the completion of an aging analysis, the accountant for Liberty estimated that \$1,100 of the receivables would be uncollectible. The year-end adjusting entry to record bad debt expense would include a A) credit to allowance for doubtful accounts of \$1,100. B) debit to bad debt expense of \$1,000. C) debit to bad debt expense of \$900. D) a credit to allowance for doubtful accounts of \$1, On Liberty's income statement for the year, bad debt expense using the percentage of sales method would amount to A) \$6,400. B) \$6,500. C) \$6,300. D) \$5,200. E) None of the amounts is correct. 21. The article "Outside Audit: Goodyear and the Butterfly Effect" discusses the impact of interest (discount) rate assumptions on pension obligations. Which of the following statements is correct? A) Changing the discount rate affects the Income Statement but has no impact on the Balance Sheet. B) Changing the discount rate affects the Balance Sheet but has no impact on the Income Statement. C) Changing the discount rate affects both the Balance Sheet and the Income Statement. D) Changing the discount rate affects employee's pensions but has no impact on the Balance Sheet or Income Statement. E) None of the statements is correct. AFM 101 Page 17 of 25

18 22. In 2000, W Co reported a dividend payout ratio of 16%. In 2001 and 2002, they reported payout ratios of 18% and 16% respectively. This fairly constant percentage of payout indicates A) a stagnant market price for their stock B) a policy of paying a certain percentage of the annual earnings out as dividends. C) a stagnant level of operating income from year to year. D) all of the responses are correct. 23. On December 15, 20B, the board of directors of Home Corporation declared a cash dividend, payable on January 8, 20C, of \$2 per share on the 100,000 common shares outstanding. The accounting period ends December 31. Because of this action, on December 15, 20B, Home Corporation should A) make no journal entry because the event had no effect on the corporation's financial position until 20C. B) decrease retained earnings \$200,000 and increase liabilities \$200,000. C) decrease retained earnings \$200,000 and increase contributed capital \$200,000. D) decrease cash \$200,000 and decrease retained earnings \$200,000. E) Increase contributed capital \$200,000 and decrease liabilities \$200, A company had the following partial list of account balances at year-end: Sales Returns and Allowances \$ 500 Accounts Receivable 9,000 Sales Discounts (a contra account) 700 Sales Revenue 57,200 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 300 The amount of Net Sales shown on the income statement would be A) \$57,200. B) \$64,200. C) \$56,000. D) \$55,700. E) None of the amounts is correct. 25. Credit terms of 2/10, n/30 indicate that a A) two percent discount for early payment is available if the invoice is paid before the tenth day of the month following the month the sale. B) two percent discount for early payment is available within ten days of the invoice date. C) ten percent discount for early payment is available if the invoice is paid within two days of the date of the invoice. D) two percent discount for early payment is available if the invoice is paid after the tenth day, but before the thirtieth day of the invoice date. E) None of these responses is correct. AFM 101 Page 18 of 25

19 26. When preparing the monthly bank reconciliation, the accountant for Tiffany Toys noted that a check received from a customer last month for \$89 was marked NSF and returned along with the bank statement. To correct the cash account balance, the accountant recorded an adjusting entry. This entry required a debit to A) Cash. B) Bad debt expense. C) Accounts receivable. D) Sales. E) Allowance for doubtful accounts. 27. Which of the following statements is true? A) An initial public offering (IPO) occurs when the company first offers their stock for sale to the public. B) A seasoned new issue (seasoned equity offering) is the term used for any additional sales of new stock to the public after the IPO. C) An underwriter, usually an investment banker, advises the corporation on matters concerning the sale of shares of stock and helps to market those shares for a fee. D) All of the statements are true. 28. The article "Microsoft to pay out \$75-billion of cash hoard" discusses Microsoft's dividend policy. Which of the following statements is correct? A) This payment is a continuation of Microsoft's policy of paying regular dividends in order to maximize its share price. B) Microsoft decided to pay out large dividends and repurchase shares to signal to the investment community that the company has matured and is no longer committed to growth. C) Microsoft decided to pay out large dividends and repurchase shares to prevent a hostile takeover of the company. D) Microsoft announced the large dividends in response to pressure from investors to either use excess cash to develop new products or return it to shareholders. E) None of the statements is correct. 29. ABC Toys received an order from a customer on March 1. The toys were shipped on March 18. The customer sent a check for full payment on April 10. ABC received the check on April 12 and deposited it in the bank account. ABC should record sales revenue related to this series of transactions on A) March 1. B) March 18. C) April 10. D) April 12. E) None of the dates is correct. AFM 101 Page 19 of 25

20 30. The effect of a stock split is to A) reduce the amount of retained earnings and increase total contributed capital. B) reduce the amount of retained earnings and reduce the amount of total assets. C) reduce the amount of retained earnings and reduce total contributed capital. D) reduce the amount of retained earnings and increase the balance in a liabilities accounts. E) None of the responses is correct. 31. The article "Yahoo, Google and Internet Math" discusses the revenue recognition policies of Yahoo and Google when they place advertisements on other companies' Web sites. Yahoo records the gross revenue and books the selling cost as an expense while Google records net revenue. Which of the following statements is correct? A) Yahoo's method makes its profit margin appear smaller while its revenue appears to be larger than would appear with the net method. B) Yahoo's method results in higher revenue and higher net income than would be recorded with the net method. C) Yahoo's method is not considered generally acceptable because it overstates revenue. D) Google's method results in a higher profit margin and higher income than the gross method. E) None of the statements is correct. 32. During 20C, Abby Corporation reacquired and cancelled some shares of its own common stock. What effect did this transaction have on 20C stockholders' equity and earnings per share, respectively? Stockholders Equity Earnings per Share A) Decrease No effect B) Increase No effect C) Decrease Decrease D) Increase Decrease E) Decrease Increase 33. Albert Company agreed to build a bowling complex for Pins R Us for a price of \$2,000,000. The project is expected to take three years to complete. Albert estimated that the total cost of the project would be \$1,600,000. During the first year, construction costs amount to \$600,000. If Albert uses the percentage-of-completion method, the amount of revenue recognized for the first year will be A) \$750,000. B) \$150,000. C) \$600,000. D) \$0. E) None of the amounts is correct. AFM 101 Page 20 of 25

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