FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT"

Transcription

1 100 Arbor Drive, Suite 108 Christiansburg, VA Voice: FAX: Providing Professional Business Advisory & Consulting Services Douglas L. Johnston, II FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ADVICE ON BUDGETING, CASH MANAGEMENT, AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS

2 CONTENTS Budgeting 1 Cash Management 3 Financial Analysis 4 Sample Budget and Analysis 5

3 BUDGETING PROFITABILITY PURPOSE: A budget is a quantitative plan of expected results of business operations during a future time period PRINCIPLES OF BUDGETING: GOAL ORIENTED REALISTIC DETAILED ADVANTAGES OF BUDGETING PROFITABILITY: Facilitates informed financial decisions and helps prevent crises Provides basis for third parties to evaluate financing/investing opportunities Quantifies business opportunities and efficiency in use of limited resources Allows advance planning for income tax burden and business succession Creates awareness of keys to success of operations Creates framework for team performance evaluations BASIC BUDGETING METHODS: HISTORICAL DATA - Based on experience from past accounting periods MARKET DATA - Based on market/industry research CONSTRAINTS - Based on efficient allocation of limited resources 1

4 BUDGETING CASH FLOW PURPOSE: A cash flow budget may be the most important financial management tool for a small business. It is a forecast of cash requirements based on when cash is expected to be received and when obligations must be paid. ADVANTAGES OF BUDGETING CASH FLOW: Reflects the cash position of the business rather than the profitability Recognizes all cash transactions including balance sheet items like purchase of inventory and repayment of loans Enables business owner to forecast working capital needs and plan for shortfalls in cash resources Predicts when debt will be repaid and when cash will be available for distribution to owners or reinvestment 2

5 CASH MANAGEMENT PURPOSE: Cash management maximizes the efficient use of the cash resources available to a business. CASH MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES: Analyze your balance sheet for hidden cash. Examples: Minimize noncash assets Manage liabilities Financing Collect accounts receivable from customers Sell accounts receivable to third parties Reduce inventory and shift toward just in time method Sell non-essential fixed assets Consider leasing vs. owning vehicles and equipment Borrow against cash surrender value and other cash reserves Hold cash as long as possible before paying obligations Take advantage of discounts and avoid late payment penalties Minimize interest costs Consider new financing and/or investors 3

6 FINANCIAL ANALYSIS VERTICAL OR COMMON SIZE ANALYSIS: Vertical analysis converts all amounts on the financial statements to relative percentages of a base number (generally assets or revenues) for the same time period. HORIZONTAL ANALYSIS: Horizontal analysis compares amounts on the financial statements to corresponding amounts for prior accounting periods and/or similar organizations. RATIO ANALYSIS: Ratio analysis uses a variety of statistical measures to objectively evaluate relationships among items on the financial statements and identify trends. NON-FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS: Non-financial analysis seeks to identify key performance indicators for a particular business operation and track changes in the indicators over time. Examples: Response rate on advertising and marketing Percentage of contacts converted to sales Customer retention rate Average dollar amount per transaction 4

7 SAMPLE BUDGET VERTICAL FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS HORIZONTAL FINANCIAL STATEMENT ANALYSIS FINANCIAL RATIOS AND CASE STUDY 5

8 Pro Forma Cash Flow, John s Jewelry Work Sheet Percent of Total Sales Total Monthly Sales 18,314 18,314 18,314 27,470 27,470 50,362 27,470 27,470 27,470 59,519 77,833 77,833 J F M A My J Jy Au S O N D Total Cash Receipts Cash Sales 12,820 12,820 12,820 19,229 19,229 35,254 19,229 19,229 19,229 41,663 54,483 54, ,488 Collections 0 5,494 5,494 5,494 8,241 8,241 15,109 8,241 8,241 8,241 17,856 23, ,002 Total Cash In 12,820 18,314 18,314 24,723 27,470 43,495 34,388 27,470 27,470 49,905 72,339 77, ,490 Expenditures Merchandise 7,325 7,325 7,325 10,988 10,988 20,145 10,988 10,988 10,988 23,808 31,133 31, ,136 Lease 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 2,900 34,800 Electric ,900 Water, Trash Insurance ,800 Mgt. Salary 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 3,000 36,000 Payroll 2,500 2,500 2,500 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,500 3,500 9,000 9,000 9,000 55,500 Payroll Taxes 1,670 1,610 1,610 2,136 2,076 2,991 2,076 2,076 2,136 3,908 4,640 4,640 31,568 Telephone Security ,080 Office Expense Prof. License Loan Payment 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 3,220 38,640 Accountant ,560 Advertising ,000 1,000 1,000 5,925 Total Expenditures 22,255 21,595 21,595 27,384 26,724 36,916 26,724 26,724 27,384 47,550 55,608 55, ,069 Cash Flow (9,435) (3,281) (3,281) (2,661) 746 6,578 7, ,354 16,730 22,224 38,422 Cumulative CF (9,435) (12,717) (15,998) (18,659) (17,912) (11,334) (3,720) (2,974) (2,887) (533) 16,197 38,422 6

9 ABC COMPANY BALANCE SHEET Vertical Analysis ASSETS Amount Percent CURRENT ASSETS Cash $ 70, % Accounts receivable 330, Inventory 400, Prepaid expenses 20, Total current assets 820, PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT Machinery and equipment 175, Furniture and fixtures 75, , Less accumulated depreciation 80, , OTHER ASSETS Goodwill 10, Total assets $ 1,000, % LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY CURRENT LIABILITIES Accounts payable 280, Accrued expenses 20, Notes payable 100, Current maturities of long-term debt 40, Accrued income taxes 10, Total current liabilities 450, LONG-TERM DEBT 160, DEFERRED INCOME TAXES 10, Total liabilities 620, STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY Common stock 10, Additional paid-in capital 40, Retained earnings 330, Total stockholders equity 380, Total liabilities and stockholders equity $ 1,000, % 7

10 ABC COMPANY INCOME STATEMENT Vertical Analysis Amount Percent SALES $4,325, % COST OF GOODS SALES 2,950, Gross profit 1,375, SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES 1,209, OTHER EXPENSES Interest 28, Income before income taxes 138, INCOME TAX EXPENSE 41, Net income 97, % RETAINED EARNINGS Beginning of year 233,000 End of year $ 330,000 8

11 ABC COMPANY BALANCE SHEET Horizontal Analysis ASSETS Industry Year 2 Year 1 CURRENT ASSETS Cash 6.60% 7.00% 3.70% Accounts receivable Inventory Prepaid expenses Total current assets PROPERTY, PLANT, AND EQUIPMENT Machinery and equipment Furniture and fixtures Less accumulated depreciation OTHER ASSETS Total assets % % % LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY CURRENT LIABILITIES Accounts payable Accrued expenses Notes payable Current maturities of long-term debt Accrued income taxes Total current liabilities LONG-TERM DEBT DEFERRED INCOME TAXES Total liabilities STOCKHOLDERS EQUITY Common stock Additional paid-in capital Retained earnings Total stockholders equity Total liabilities and stockholders equity % % % 9

12 ABC COMPANY INCOME STATEMENT Horizontal Analysis Industry Year 2 Year 1 SALES % % % COST OF GOODS SALES Gross profit SELLING, GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES OTHER EXPENSES Interest Income before income taxes 2.80% 3.20% 1.10% 10

13 RATIOS INDICATING EQUITY POSITION Description Calculation Indication Debt/Equity Total Liabilities Reflects financial strength Equity and cushion for creditors. Return on equity Net income The return on the resources Stockholders equity provided by the shareholders. Sales to owners equity Sales (net) The utilization of owner capital. Owners equity Fixed assets to owners Fixed assets (net) Extent of capital invested equity Owners equity in fixed assets. Sales to fixed assets Sales (net) Management efficiency in (plant turnover) Fixed assets (net) using plant properties. 11

14 RATIOS INDICATING INCOME POSITION AND OPERATING RESULTS Description Calculation Indication Net income to net sales Net income The net productivity of Net sales each dollar of net sales. Income before taxes Income before taxes Management effectiveness to total assets Total assets in using available resources. Gross margin ratio Gross profit (margin) The portion of net sales Net sales remaining after cost of sales expenses. Income before interest Income before interest and taxes and taxes to interest Annual interest expense expense Ability to meet interest charges. Cash flow to current Net income + depreciation, portion of debt depletion and amortization Ability to retire current portion Current portion of debt of debt. 12

15 RATIOS INDICATING CURRENT POSITION Description Calculation Indication 1. Current Current assets Ability to meet current Current liabilities obligations from current assets as a going concern. 2. Quick Liquid assets Ability to meet sudden Current liabilities demands upon current assets. 3. Receivables a. receivables turnover Net credit sales Efficiency of collection. Net average receivables b. Average collection 365 days The average number of period Receivables turnover days to collect receivables. c. Days receivable Ending receivables x 365 days Number of days sales uncollected Net credit sales uncollected. 4. Inventory a. Merchandise Cost of goods sold turnover (retail) Average merchandise inventory Effectiveness of inventory b. Finished goods Cost of goods sold management. turnover Average finished goods (manufacturing) inventory c. Days supply in Ending inventory X 365 days Number of days supply in the inventory Cost of goods sold ending inventory. May indicate over- or under-stocking. 5. Working capital turnover Net sales Adequacy of and changes in Average working capital working capital level. 13

SETTING UP YOUR BUSINESS ACCOUNTING SYSTEM

SETTING UP YOUR BUSINESS ACCOUNTING SYSTEM 100 Arbor Drive, Suite 108 Christiansburg, VA 24073 Voice: 540-381-9333 FAX: 540-381-8319 www.becpas.com Providing Professional Business Advisory & Consulting Services Douglas L. Johnston, II djohnston@becpas.com

More information

ACC 255 FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET (NEW MATERIAL)

ACC 255 FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET (NEW MATERIAL) Page 1 ACC 255 FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET (NEW MATERIAL) Complete these sample exam problems/objective questions and check your answers with the solutions at the end of the review file and identify where

More information

Accounts Payable are the total amounts your business owes its suppliers for goods and services purchased.

Accounts Payable are the total amounts your business owes its suppliers for goods and services purchased. Accounts Payable are the total amounts your business owes its suppliers for goods and services purchased. Accounts Receivable are the total amounts customers owe your business for goods or services sold

More information

TOPIC LEARNING OBJECTIVE

TOPIC LEARNING OBJECTIVE Topic Mapping 1 Transaction Analysis Understand the effect of various types of transactions on the accounting equation, accounting journal and accounting ledger. Concepts and Skills Accounting Equation

More information

Income Measurement and Profitability Analysis

Income Measurement and Profitability Analysis PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS The following financial statements for Spencer Company will be used to demonstrate the calculation of the various ratios in profitability analysis. Spencer Company Comparative Balance

More information

The Statement of Cash Flows Direct Method

The Statement of Cash Flows Direct Method 23 The Statement of Cash Flows Direct Method DEMONSTRATION PROBLEM The financial statements of Bolero Corporation follow. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 1 Bolero Corporation Income

More information

BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE for Teachers and Students

BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE for Teachers and Students Pathway: Business, Marketing, and Computer Education Lesson: BMM C6 4: Financial Statements and Reports Common Core State Standards for Mathematics: N.Q.2 Domain: Quantities Cluster: Reason quantitatively

More information

Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows

Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows Analyzing the Statement of Cash Flows Operating Activities NACM Upstate New York Credit Conference 2015 By Ron Sereika, CCE,CEW NACM 1 Objectives of this Educational Session u Show how the statement of

More information

Consolidated Balance Sheets

Consolidated Balance Sheets Consolidated Balance Sheets March 31 2015 2014 2015 Assets: Current assets Cash and cash equivalents 726,888 604,571 $ 6,057,400 Marketable securities 19,033 16,635 158,608 Notes and accounts receivable:

More information

Financial Plan. A) Estimated One-Time Financial Requirements. Part One

Financial Plan. A) Estimated One-Time Financial Requirements. Part One Financial Plan The Financial Plan is perhaps one of the most important components of your Business Plan (see Business Plan Handout). Not only is it essential if you are seeking external financing it is

More information

Report Description. Business Counts. Top 10 States (by Business Counts) Page 1 of 16

Report Description. Business Counts. Top 10 States (by Business Counts) Page 1 of 16 5-Year County-Level Financial Profile Industry Report Architectural Services (SIC Code: 8712) in Prince George County, Maryland Sales Range: $500,000 - $999,999 Date: 11/07/08 Report Description This 5-Year

More information

In this chapter, we build on the basic knowledge of how businesses

In this chapter, we build on the basic knowledge of how businesses 03-Seidman.qxd 5/15/04 11:52 AM Page 41 3 An Introduction to Business Financial Statements In this chapter, we build on the basic knowledge of how businesses are financed by looking at how firms organize

More information

Engineering Economics 2013/2014 MISE

Engineering Economics 2013/2014 MISE Problem: JS, Inc. shows the following accounting records for 2011: Sales commissions 15000 Beginning merchandise inventory 16000 Ending merchandise inventory 9000 Sales 185000 Advertising 10000 Purchases

More information

2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow:

2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow: Problems 2-8. Identify whether each of the following items increases or decreases cash flow: Increase in accounts receivable Increase in notes payable Depreciation expense Increase in investments Decrease

More information

Summary of Financial Report for the FY ending March 2015 (Non-Consolidated)

Summary of Financial Report for the FY ending March 2015 (Non-Consolidated) Summary of Financial Report for the FY ending March 2015 (Non-Consolidated) April 30, 2015 Listed Company Name: Japan Tissue Engineering Co., Ltd. Listed Securities Exchange: JQ Stock Code: 7774 URL http://www.jpte.co.jp

More information

Account Numbering. By separating each account by several numbers, many new accounts can be added between any two while maintaining the logical order.

Account Numbering. By separating each account by several numbers, many new accounts can be added between any two while maintaining the logical order. Chart of Accounts The chart of accounts is a listing of all the accounts in the general ledger, each account accompanied by a reference number. To set up a chart of accounts, one first needs to define

More information

COMPONENTS OF THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

COMPONENTS OF THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS ILLUSTRATION 24-1 OPERATING, INVESTING, AND FINANCING ACTIVITIES COMPONENTS OF THE STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES + Sales and Service Revenue Received Cost of Sales Paid Selling

More information

Operating Revenues Service revenues and other $ 28,217 $ 28,611 (1.4) Wireless equipment revenues 3,954 3,373 17.2 Total Operating Revenues

Operating Revenues Service revenues and other $ 28,217 $ 28,611 (1.4) Wireless equipment revenues 3,954 3,373 17.2 Total Operating Revenues Condensed Consolidated Statements of Income (dollars in millions, except per share amounts) Operating Revenues Service revenues and other $ 28,217 $ 28,611 (1.4) Wireless equipment revenues 3,954 3,373

More information

1. A set of procedures for controlling cash payments by preparing and approving vouchers before payments are made is known as a voucher system.

1. A set of procedures for controlling cash payments by preparing and approving vouchers before payments are made is known as a voucher system. Accounting II True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. 1. A set of procedures for controlling cash payments by preparing and approving vouchers before payments are made is

More information

STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS AND WORKING CAPITAL ANALYSIS

STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS AND WORKING CAPITAL ANALYSIS C H A P T E R 1 0 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS AND WORKING CAPITAL ANALYSIS I N T R O D U C T I O N Historically, profit-oriented businesses have used the accrual basis of accounting in which the income statement,

More information

9. Short-Term Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle

9. Short-Term Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle 9. Short-Term Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle 9.1 Current Assets and 9.1.1 Cash A firm should maintain as little cash as possible, because cash is a nonproductive asset. It earns no

More information

STATE OF FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL REGULATION. BALANCE SHEET As of

STATE OF FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL REGULATION. BALANCE SHEET As of STATE OF FLORIDA DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL REGULATION BALANCE SHEET As of ASSETS CURRENT ASSETS Cash and Cash Equivalents Cash - Restricted Accounts Receivable - Trade Accounts Receivable

More information

! "#$ %&!& "& ' - 3+4 &*!&-.,,5///2!(.//+ & $!- )!* & % +, -).//0)& 7+00///2 *&&.4 &*!&- 7.00///2 )!*.//+ 8 -!% %& "#$ ) &!&.

! #$ %&!& & ' - 3+4 &*!&-.,,5///2!(.//+ & $!- )!* & % +, -).//0)& 7+00///2 *&&.4 &*!&- 7.00///2 )!*.//+ 8 -!% %& #$ ) &!&. ! "#!""#$%$#$#$"& $'"()*+,$-).,/ 012! "#$ %&!& "& '!(&)!*&%+,-).//0 -#$#3-4' &,'1$1# $!-!(.//0)& +01+///2 *&& - 3+4 &*!&-.,,5///2!(.//+ &!(!-6%(!(.//.$(!(.//0)& 01,///2 //+2% &*!&- 5,0///2 //32%!(.//+

More information

Chapter Review Problems

Chapter Review Problems Chapter Review Problems Unit 17.1 Income statements 1. When revenues exceed expenses, is the result (a) net income or (b) net loss? (a) net income 2. Do income statements reflect profits of a business

More information

CH 23 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS SELF-STUDY QUESTIONS

CH 23 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS SELF-STUDY QUESTIONS C H 2 3, P a g e 1 CH 23 STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS SELF-STUDY QUESTIONS (note from Dr. N: I have deleted questions for you to omit, but did not renumber the remaining questions) 1. The primary purpose of

More information

* * * Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall

* * * Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements. Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Chapter 15 Accounting & Financial Statements Copyright 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall Bookkeeping vs. Accounting Bookkeeping Accounting The recording of business transactions.

More information

5. Provisions for decrease in value of marketable securities (-)

5. Provisions for decrease in value of marketable securities (-) Balance sheet ASSETS I. CURRENT ASSETS A. Liquid Assets: 1. Cash. 2. Cheques received. 3. Banks. 4. Cheques given and payment orders (-). 5. Other liquid assets. B. Marketable Securities: 1. Share certificates.

More information

Consolidated Financial Results for Fiscal Year 2013 (April 1, 2013 March 31, 2014)

Consolidated Financial Results for Fiscal Year 2013 (April 1, 2013 March 31, 2014) Consolidated Financial Results for Fiscal Year 2013 (April 1, 2013 March 31, 2014) 28/4/2014 Name of registrant: ShinMaywa Industries, Ltd. Stock Exchange Listed: Tokyo Code number: 7224 (URL: http://www.shinmaywa.co.jp

More information

Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis

Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis Excellence in Financial Management Discussion Board Articles Ratio Analysis Written by: Matt H. Evans, CPA, CMA, CFM All articles can be viewed on the internet at www.exinfm.com/board Ratio Analysis Cash

More information

Understanding Financial Statements. For Your Business

Understanding Financial Statements. For Your Business Understanding Financial Statements For Your Business Disclaimer The information provided is for informational purposes only, does not constitute legal advice or create an attorney-client relationship,

More information

Plan and Track Your Finances

Plan and Track Your Finances Plan and Track Your Finances 9.1 Financing Your Business 9.2 Pro Forma Financial Statements 9.3 Recordkeeping for Businesses Lesson 9.1 Financing Your Business Goals Estimate your startup costs and personal

More information

Understanding A Firm s Financial Statements

Understanding A Firm s Financial Statements CHAPTER OUTLINE Spotlight: J&S Construction Company (http://www.jsconstruction.com) 1 The Lemonade Kids Financial statement (accounting statements) reports of a firm s financial performance and resources,

More information

MASTER BUDGET - EXAMPLE

MASTER BUDGET - EXAMPLE MASTER BUDGET - EXAMPLE Sales IN UNITS for the previous two months (of last quarter), as well as the sales forecast for next quarter are as follows: Sales Budget Units May sales (ACTUAL) 20 June sales

More information

Financial Statement Ratio Analysis

Financial Statement Ratio Analysis Management Accounting 319 Financial Statement Ratio Analysis Financial statements as prepared by the accountant are documents containing much valuable information. Some of the information requires little

More information

Financial Formulas. 5/2000 Chapter 3 Financial Formulas i

Financial Formulas. 5/2000 Chapter 3 Financial Formulas i Financial Formulas 3 Financial Formulas i In this chapter 1 Formulas Used in Financial Calculations 1 Statements of Changes in Financial Position (Total $) 1 Cash Flow ($ millions) 1 Statements of Changes

More information

Preparing a Successful Financial Plan

Preparing a Successful Financial Plan Topic 9 Preparing a Successful Financial Plan LEARNING OUTCOMES By the end of this topic, you should be able to: 1. Describe the overview of accounting methods; 2. Prepare the three major financial statements

More information

Total shares at the end of ten years is 100*(1+5%) 10 =162.9.

Total shares at the end of ten years is 100*(1+5%) 10 =162.9. FCS5510 Sample Homework Problems Unit04 CHAPTER 8 STOCK PROBLEMS 1. An investor buys 100 shares if a $40 stock that pays a annual cash dividend of $2 a share (a 5% dividend yield) and signs up for the

More information

Financing Entrepreneurial Ventures Part 1 Financial Plan & Statements

Financing Entrepreneurial Ventures Part 1 Financial Plan & Statements Financing Entrepreneurial Ventures Part 1 Financial Plan & Statements Barbara Peitsch Program Director, Univ. of Michigan Peter Scott Professor of Entrepreneurship/Consultant August 2015 Economic Empowerment

More information

Chapter 6 Statement of Cash Flows

Chapter 6 Statement of Cash Flows Chapter 6 Statement of Cash Flows The Statement of Cash Flows describes the cash inflows and outflows for the firm based upon three categories of activities. Operating Activities: Generally include transactions

More information

Statement of Cash Flows: Reporting and Analysis

Statement of Cash Flows: Reporting and Analysis Statement of Cash Flows: Reporting and Analysis Statement of Cash Flows: Reporting and Analysis Copyright 2014 by DELTACPE LLC All rights reserved. No part of this course may be reproduced in any form

More information

Guide to Financial Ratios Analysis A Step by Step Guide to Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement Analysis

Guide to Financial Ratios Analysis A Step by Step Guide to Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement Analysis Guide to Financial Ratios Analysis A Step by Step Guide to Balance Sheet and Profit and Loss Statement Analysis By BizMove Management Training Institute Other free books by BizMove that may interest you:

More information

Balance Sheet Accounts

Balance Sheet Accounts Page 1 of 6 Balance Sheet Accounts The Chart of Accounts is normally arranged or grouped by the Major Types of Accounts. The Balance Sheet Accounts (Assets, Liabilities, & Equity) are presented first,

More information

Reporting and Analyzing Cash Flows QUESTIONS

Reporting and Analyzing Cash Flows QUESTIONS Chapter 12 Reporting and Analyzing Cash Flows QUESTIONS 1. The purpose of the cash flow statement is to report all major cash receipts (inflows) and cash payments (outflows) during a period. It helps users

More information

Essentials of Financial Statement Analysis

Essentials of Financial Statement Analysis Essentials of Financial Statement Analysis An Introduction to Financial Statement Analysis Gregory Mostyn, CPA Worthy and James Publishing www.worthyjames.com Essentials of Financial Statement Analysis

More information

SANYO TRADING COMPANY LIMITED. Financial Statements

SANYO TRADING COMPANY LIMITED. Financial Statements Financial Statements Year Ended September 30, 2014 English translation from original Japanese-language documents Balance Sheets As of September 30, 2014 ASSETS Current Assets Cash and deposits US$ 18,509,007

More information

RAPID REVIEW Chapter Content

RAPID REVIEW Chapter Content RAPID REVIEW BASIC ACCOUNTING EQUATION (Chapter 2) INVENTORY (Chapters 5 and 6) Basic Equation Assets Owner s Equity Expanded Owner s Owner s Assets Equation = Liabilities Capital Drawing Revenues Debit

More information

CHAE Review. Capital Leases & Forms of Business

CHAE Review. Capital Leases & Forms of Business CHAE Review Financial Statements, Capital Leases & Forms of Business This is a complete review of the two volume text book, Certified Hospitality Accountant Executive Study Guide, as published by The Educational

More information

Midterm Fall 2012 Solution

Midterm Fall 2012 Solution Midterm Fall 2012 Solution Instructions: 1) Answers for the multiple-choice questions must be recorded on the UW answer card. All other questions must be answered in the space provided on the examination

More information

EMERSON AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED)

EMERSON AND SUBSIDIARIES CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED) CONSOLIDATED OPERATING RESULTS (AMOUNTS IN MILLIONS EXCEPT PER SHARE, UNAUDITED) TABLE 1 Quarter Ended March 31, Percent Change Net Sales $ 5,854 $ 5,919 1% Costs and expenses: Cost of sales 3,548 3,583

More information

Financial Statements Tutorial

Financial Statements Tutorial Financial Statement Review: Financial Statements Tutorial There are four major financial statements used to communicate information to external users (creditors, investors, suppliers, etc.) - 1. Balance

More information

SAMPLE CONSTRUCTION COMPANY. FINANCIAL STATEMENT AND SUPPLENTARY INFORMANTION For the Year Ended December 31, 2011

SAMPLE CONSTRUCTION COMPANY. FINANCIAL STATEMENT AND SUPPLENTARY INFORMANTION For the Year Ended December 31, 2011 FINANCIAL STATEMENT AND SUPPLENTARY INFORMANTION For the Year Ended December 31, 2011 The financial statement, prepared by an independent Certified Public Accountant, is essential for bonding purposes.

More information

APPENDIX 1 The Statement of Financial Position

APPENDIX 1 The Statement of Financial Position APPENDIX 1 The Statement of Financial Position 1. Assets: the resources of the organization which are used to provide service and generate value 2. Current assets: assets which can be converted to cash

More information

PROFESSOR S NAME ACC 255 FALL 2011 COVER SHEET FOR COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM 2 (CHAPTERS 2, 5-8)

PROFESSOR S NAME ACC 255 FALL 2011 COVER SHEET FOR COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM 2 (CHAPTERS 2, 5-8) COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM 2 (CHAPTERS 2, 5-8) Page 137 NAME ANSWER KEY PROFESSOR S NAME SECTION SCORE ACC 255 FALL 2011 COVER SHEET FOR COMPREHENSIVE PROBLEM 2 (CHAPTERS 2, 5-8) INSTRUCTIONS: COMPLETE ALL

More information

Atthapol Charoenkietkrai ACG2021 Section 2

Atthapol Charoenkietkrai ACG2021 Section 2 Atthapol Charoenkietkrai ACG2021 Section 2 Amazon has been in a good position for the last few years and still on a rise. The assets have increased, and the debt has decreased. The company has exponentially

More information

Consolidated Interim Earnings Report

Consolidated Interim Earnings Report Consolidated Interim Earnings Report For the Six Months Ended 30th September, 2003 23th Octorber, 2003 Hitachi Capital Corporation These financial statements were prepared for the interim earnings release

More information

ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION

ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION ICAP GROUP S.A. FINANCIAL RATIOS EXPLANATION OCTOBER 2006 Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION... 3 2. FINANCIAL RATIOS FOR COMPANIES (INDUSTRY - COMMERCE - SERVICES) 4 2.1 Profitability Ratios...4 2.2 Viability

More information

Chapter 21 The Statement of Cash Flows Revisited

Chapter 21 The Statement of Cash Flows Revisited Chapter 21 The Statement of Cash Flows Revisited AACSB assurance of learning standards in accounting and business education require documentation of outcomes assessment. Although schools, departments,

More information

Sample Test for entrance into Acct 3110 and Acct 3310

Sample Test for entrance into Acct 3110 and Acct 3310 Sample Test for entrance into Acct 3110 and Acct 3310 1. Which of the following financial statements could properly have the following in the date line: For the Year Ended December 31, 2010"? a. Balance

More information

Chapter Financial Forecasting

Chapter Financial Forecasting Chapter Financial Forecasting PPT 4-2 Chapter 4 - Outline What is Financial Forecasting? 3 Financial Statements for Forecasting Constructing Pro Forma Statements Basis for Sales Projections Steps in a

More information

UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT NORTHERN & EASTERN DISTRICTS OF TEXAS REGION 6 MONTHLY OPERATING REPORT

UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT NORTHERN & EASTERN DISTRICTS OF TEXAS REGION 6 MONTHLY OPERATING REPORT ACCRUAL BASIS JUDGE: UNITED STATES BANKRUPTCY COURT NORTHERN & EASTERN DISTRICTS OF TEXAS REGION 6 MONTHLY OPERATING REPORT MONTH ENDING: MONTH YEAR IN ACCORDANCE WITH TITLE 28, SECTION 1746, OF THE UNITED

More information

6. Depreciation is a process of a. asset devaluation. b. cost accumulation. c. cost allocation. d. asset valuation.

6. Depreciation is a process of a. asset devaluation. b. cost accumulation. c. cost allocation. d. asset valuation. 1. A company purchased land for $72,000 cash. Real estate brokers' commission was $5,000 and $7,000 was spent for demolishing an old building on the land before construction of a new building could start.

More information

Ipx!up!hfu!uif Dsfeju!zpv!Eftfswf

Ipx!up!hfu!uif Dsfeju!zpv!Eftfswf Ipx!up!hfu!uif Dsfeju!zpv!Eftfswf Credit is the lifeblood of South Louisiana business, especially for the smaller firm. It helps the small business owner get started, obtain equipment, build inventory,

More information

Boss Holdings, Inc. 2015 Fiscal Year End Report

Boss Holdings, Inc. 2015 Fiscal Year End Report Boss Holdings, Inc. 1221 Page Street Kewanee, IL 61443 PH: 800.447.4581 F: 309.852.0848 2015 Fiscal Year End Report Consolidated revenues of Boss Holdings, Inc. (the Company ) for the fourth quarter of

More information

UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO School of Accounting and Finance

UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO School of Accounting and Finance UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO School of Accounting and Finance AFM 101 Professor Shari Mann Professor Donna Psutka Professor Mindy Wolfe Mid-Term Examination Fall 2010 Date and Time: October 21, 2010, 6:30 8:00pm

More information

UNDERSTANDING WHERE YOU STAND. A Simple Guide to Your Company s Financial Statements

UNDERSTANDING WHERE YOU STAND. A Simple Guide to Your Company s Financial Statements UNDERSTANDING WHERE YOU STAND A Simple Guide to Your Company s Financial Statements Contents INTRODUCTION One statement cannot diagnose your company s financial health. Put several statements together

More information

Business Plan. In completing the following proposal provide as much detailed information as possible.

Business Plan. In completing the following proposal provide as much detailed information as possible. Business Plan A business plan is an integral part of a financing request. It is an introduction to your business, and it provides us with the initial information that we require to start to an application.

More information

BUSINESS FINANCIAL STATEMENT. Limited Liability Company Partnership Corporation Other. Statement of Financial Condition as of, 20 for the period, to,

BUSINESS FINANCIAL STATEMENT. Limited Liability Company Partnership Corporation Other. Statement of Financial Condition as of, 20 for the period, to, BUSINESS FINANCIAL STATEMENT Name of Business Applicant Prepared By Title (Position) Limited Liability Company Partnership Corporation Other Statement of Financial Condition as of, 20 for the period, to,

More information

ACCOUNTING 105 CONCEPTS REVIEW

ACCOUNTING 105 CONCEPTS REVIEW ACCOUNTING 105 CONCEPTS REVIEW A note from the tutors: This handout is designed to help you review important information as you study for your cumulative final exam. While it does cover many important

More information

CASH FLOW STATEMENT (AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT)

CASH FLOW STATEMENT (AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT) CASH FLOW STATEMENT (AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT) - At the most fundamental level, firms do two different things: (i) They generate cash (ii) They spend it. Cash is generated by selling a product, an asset

More information

Preparing Financial Statements

Preparing Financial Statements Preparing Financial Statements Understanding financial statements is essential to the success of a small business. They can be used as a roadmap to steer you in the right direction and help you avoid costly

More information

Financial Statement Preparation Webinar. Presented by Nick Chapman VEI Program Coordinator New York City

Financial Statement Preparation Webinar. Presented by Nick Chapman VEI Program Coordinator New York City Financial Statement Preparation Webinar Presented by Nick Chapman VEI Program Coordinator New York City 122 Amsterdam Ave. New York, NY 10023 Phone: 212-769-2710 www.veinternational.org Objectives: Review

More information

Consolidated Financial Statements (For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013)

Consolidated Financial Statements (For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2013) Consolidated Financial Statements (For the fiscal year ended ) Consolidated Balance Sheets Current assets: Cash and deposits Other Assets Notes receivable, accounts receivable from completed construction

More information

How to Prepare a Cash Flow Forecast

How to Prepare a Cash Flow Forecast The Orangeville & Area Small Business Enterprise Centre (SBEC) 87 Broadway, Orangeville ON L9W 1K1 519-941-0440 Ext. 2286 or 2291 sbec@orangeville.ca www.orangevillebusiness.ca Supported by its Partners:

More information

Financial Statements and Ratios: Notes

Financial Statements and Ratios: Notes Financial Statements and Ratios: Notes 1. Uses of the income statement for evaluation Investors use the income statement to help judge their return on investment and creditors (lenders) use it to help

More information

how to prepare a cash flow statement

how to prepare a cash flow statement business builder 4 how to prepare a cash flow statement zions business resource center zions business resource center 2 how to prepare a cash flow statement A cash flow statement is important to your business

More information

ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY

ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY ACCOUNTING DICTIONARY A Account a record summarizing all the information pertaining to a single item in the accounting equation Account balance the amount in an account Account number the number assigned

More information

Guide to Financial Statements Study Guide

Guide to Financial Statements Study Guide Guide to Financial Statements Study Guide Overview (Topic 1) Three major financial statements: The Income Statement The Balance Sheet The Cash Flow Statement Objectives: Explain the underlying equation

More information

EQUINIX, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS - GAAP PRESENTATION (in thousands, except per share data) (unaudited)

EQUINIX, INC. CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS - GAAP PRESENTATION (in thousands, except per share data) (unaudited) CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS - GAAP PRESENTATION (in thousands, except per share data) Recurring revenues $ 314,727 $ 282,117 $ 216,517 $ 834,080 $ 610,384 Non-recurring revenues 15,620

More information

CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND CASH FLOW

CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND CASH FLOW CHAPTER 2 FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND CASH FLOW Solutions to Questions and Problems NOTE: All end-of-chapter problems were solved using a spreadsheet. Many problems require multiple steps. Due to space and

More information

Finance and Accounting For Non-Financial Managers

Finance and Accounting For Non-Financial Managers Finance and Accounting For Non-Financial Managers Accounting/Finance Recording, classifying, and summarizing financial transactions in terms of dollars and their interpretation 1 Key Accounting Terms Accounting

More information

Accounting Is a Language. Financial Accounting: The Balance Sheet BALANCE SHEET. Accounting Information. Assets. Balance Sheet: Layout

Accounting Is a Language. Financial Accounting: The Balance Sheet BALANCE SHEET. Accounting Information. Assets. Balance Sheet: Layout Accounting Is a Language Financial Accounting: The Balance Sheet Richard S. Barr Purpose: providing information Financial Statements Summarize accounting information Examples We need to know what the numbers

More information

Section A: Questions On Fill In The Blanks

Section A: Questions On Fill In The Blanks Section A : 26 FILL IN THE BLANK Section B : 10 TRUE OR FALSE QUESTIONS Section C : 11 Multiple Choice Questions Section A: Questions Fill In The Blanks the right column please insert the items from which

More information

Performance Food Group Company Reports First-Quarter Fiscal 2016 Earnings

Performance Food Group Company Reports First-Quarter Fiscal 2016 Earnings NEWS RELEASE For Immediate Release November 4, 2015 Investors: Michael D. Neese VP, Investor Relations (804) 287-8126 michael.neese@pfgc.com Media: Joe Vagi Manager, Corporate Communications (804) 484-7737

More information

Accounting Principles Critical to Success Presented By: C. P. Krishnan. www.cakintl.com

Accounting Principles Critical to Success Presented By: C. P. Krishnan. www.cakintl.com Accounting Principles Critical to Success Presented By: C. P. Krishnan Basic Accounting You Need to Know Assets, Liabilities, Equity, Income, & Expenses Assets Includes what you have and what people owe

More information

The Basic Framework of Budgeting

The Basic Framework of Budgeting Master Budgeting 1 The Basic Framework of Budgeting A budget is a detailed quantitative plan for acquiring and using financial and other resources over a specified forthcoming time period. 1. The act of

More information

CHAPTER 23. Statement of Cash Flows 1, 2, 7, 8, 12 3, 4, 5, 6, 16, 17, 19 9, 20 4, 5, 9, 10, 11 10, 13, 15, 16. 7. Worksheet adjustments.

CHAPTER 23. Statement of Cash Flows 1, 2, 7, 8, 12 3, 4, 5, 6, 16, 17, 19 9, 20 4, 5, 9, 10, 11 10, 13, 15, 16. 7. Worksheet adjustments. CHAPTER 23 Statement of Cash Flows ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE (BY TOPIC) Topics Questions Brief Exercises Exercises Problems Concepts for Analysis 1. Format, objectives purpose, and source of statement.

More information

Financial Reporting & Analysis Chapter 17 Solutions Statement of Cash Flows Exercises

Financial Reporting & Analysis Chapter 17 Solutions Statement of Cash Flows Exercises Financial Reporting & Analysis Chapter 17 Solutions Statement of Cash Flows Exercises Exercises E17-1. Determining cash flows from operations Using the indirect method, cash flow from operations is computed

More information

Accounting Self Study Guide for Staff of Micro Finance Institutions

Accounting Self Study Guide for Staff of Micro Finance Institutions Accounting Self Study Guide for Staff of Micro Finance Institutions LESSON 2 The Balance Sheet OBJECTIVES The purpose of this lesson is to introduce the Balance Sheet and explain its components: Assets,

More information

Understanding Financial Information for Bankruptcy Lawyers Understanding Financial Statements

Understanding Financial Information for Bankruptcy Lawyers Understanding Financial Statements Understanding Financial Information for Bankruptcy Lawyers Understanding Financial Statements In the United States, businesses generally present financial information in the form of financial statements

More information

Understanding Cash Flow Statements

Understanding Cash Flow Statements Understanding Cash Flow Statements 2014 Level I Financial Reporting and Analysis IFT Notes for the CFA exam Contents 1. Introduction... 3 2. Components and Format of the Cash Flow Statement... 3 3. The

More information

Cash is King. cash flow is less likely to be affected

Cash is King. cash flow is less likely to be affected Reading 27: Understanding Cash Flow Statements Relevance of Cash Flow The primary purpose of the statement of cash flows (SCF) is to provide: Info about a firm s cash receipts & cash payments during an

More information

UNDERSTANDING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

UNDERSTANDING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS UNDERSTANDING FINANCIAL STATEMENTS ITEM 8 It is important that the directors of any business, cooperative or otherwise, understand the financial statements of the business. Without a basic understanding

More information

A Simple Model. Introduction to Financial Statements

A Simple Model. Introduction to Financial Statements Introduction to Financial Statements NOTES TO ACCOMPANY VIDEOS These notes are intended to supplement the videos on ASimpleModel.com. They are not to be used as stand alone study aids, and are not written

More information

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF INCOME 4 th quarter (a) 3 rd quarter 4 th quarter 2009 Sales 40,157 40,180 36,228 Excise taxes (4,397) (4,952) (4,933) Revenues from sales 35,760 35,228 31,295 Purchases, net

More information

3. CONSOLIDATED QUARTERLY FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

3. CONSOLIDATED QUARTERLY FINANCIAL STATEMENTS 3. CONSOLIDATED QUARTERLY FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (1) Consolidated Quarterly Balance Sheets September 30, 2014 and March 31, 2014 Supplementary Information 2Q FY March 2015 March 31, 2014 September 30, 2014

More information

Plan and Track Your Finances

Plan and Track Your Finances Chapter 9 Plan and Track Your Finances 9.1 Finance Your Business 9.2 Pro Forma Financial Statements 9.3 Record Keeping for Businesses Ideas in Action Electronic Safekeeping Katelin Shea addressed the unmet

More information

Accounting. Charles T. Horngren. Stanford University. Walter Harrison Jr. Baylor University. IVL Suzanne Oliver. Northwest Florida State College

Accounting. Charles T. Horngren. Stanford University. Walter Harrison Jr. Baylor University. IVL Suzanne Oliver. Northwest Florida State College Accounting EIGHTH EDITION Charles T. Horngren Stanford University Walter Harrison Jr. Baylor University IVL Suzanne Oliver Northwest Florida State College Pearson Education International Contents CHAPTER

More information

Return on Equity has three ratio components. The three ratios that make up Return on Equity are:

Return on Equity has three ratio components. The three ratios that make up Return on Equity are: Evaluating Financial Performance Chapter 1 Return on Equity Why Use Ratios? It has been said that you must measure what you expect to manage and accomplish. Without measurement, you have no reference to

More information

Liquidity and Working Capital Analysis

Liquidity and Working Capital Analysis 8 Lecture Liquidity and Working Capital Analysis Liquidity and Working Capital Operating Activity Additional Liquidity Measures Current assets Current Liabilities Working Capital Current ratio Cash-based

More information