MANAGING BACTERIAL DISEASES OF VINE CROPS. Sally Miller Department of Plant Pathology The Ohio State University

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "MANAGING BACTERIAL DISEASES OF VINE CROPS. Sally Miller Department of Plant Pathology The Ohio State University"

Transcription

1 MANAGING BACTERIAL DISEASES OF VINE CROPS Sally Miller Department of Plant Pathology The Ohio State University OPGMA Sandusky, OH January 22, 2013

2 Bacterial Diseases of Vine Crops Melon Disease Cucumber Squash Pumpkin Watermelon Seedborne Angular leaf spot Bacterial fruit blotch Bacterial leaf spot Yellow vine decline Bacterial wilt Bacterial rind necrosis

3 Bacterial Disease Cycle Infection Infested seeds or infected plant or greenhouse source Splashing Alternative hosts + previous diseased hosts Residues in soil Non-seedborne After Gaby Briceño Seedborne

4 Angular leaf spot of cucurbits Cucumber most susceptible but all cucurbits may be affected Favored by moderate temperatures and high moisture

5 Xanthomonas Bacterial Leaf Spot

6 Bacterial Fruit Blotch Mainly an economic problem on watermelon Can affect other vine crops First symptoms are water-soaked spots on lower sides of cotyledons R G O Brien and Christine Horlock Major symptoms are dark olive green spots on surface of fruit

7 Bacterial wilt of cucurbits Transmitted by cucumber beetles Cucumbers most susceptible but other cucurbits affected Plants infected early likely to wilt and die

8 Yellow Vine Decline n Serratia marcescens n Leaves turn yellow, phloem discolored (honey yellow), plants collapse Squash bug eggs n Transmitted by squash bug

9 6-Step Integrated Management Program 1. Use clean seed 2. Choose a resistant variety 3. Use pathogen-free transplants 4. Choose the best site and rotate 5. Use appropriate cultural practices 6. Use crop protectants as needed

10 1. Use Clean Seed Use certified seed Pathogen-tested Does not guarantee pathogen-free Treat seeds Hot water or Dilute Clorox Always pre-test

11 Seed Treatment with Bleach Then dry seeds in a single layer. Plant within 2 weeks.

12 Hot Water Seed Treatment

13 Sanitizing Treatments to Reduce Bacterial Spot on Pumpkin Seeds 2012

14 2. Choose a Resistant Variety Check with seed suppliers or Cornell Vegetable MD online tables Tolerance means partial resistance Consider other disease problems and market requirements when choosing a variety Few options for resistance to bacterial diseases in vine crops

15 Resistance to Bacterial Diseases in Vine Crops Disease Cucumber Squash Pumpkin Watermelon Melon Angular leaf spot ++++ x x x x Bacterial fruit blotch NL NL NL NL NL Bacterial leaf spot NL NL NL NL NL Yellow vine decline NL NL NL NL NL Bacterial wilt + (1) x x x x Bacterial rind necrosis NL NL NL NL NL NL = Not listed in VegetableMDonline Tables

16 Resistance of Cucumber to ALS Cultivar Foliar AUDPC Fruit incidence (%) Classy R d y 0.2 d Slice More cd 1.0 bcd Talladega dc 6.7 a bcd 2.9 a Thunder a-d 7.2 a Thunderbird R a-d 3.7 ab Stonewall T abc 4.7 a Sassy R abc 0.7 cd Green Slam abc 0.3 cd Indy R ab 4.6 a Intimidator R a 7.5 a Speedway R a 4.5 a

17 Resistance to Bacterial Spot-Pumpkin Charmed Solid Gold Data: Jim Jasinski et al. OSU

18 3. Use Pathogen-Free Transplants The goal is to keep bacterial populations low on seedlings Use new or sanitized plug trays/flats and pathogen-free mixes Sanitize equipment and tools regularly; install solid flooring/raise seedlings from floor Restrict movement of personnel, tools and equipment between greenhouses Thoroughly clean and sanitize house after each crop

19 3. Use Pathogen-Free Transplants Prohibit the production of exotic or experimental varieties unless seed was treated Scout regularly and destroy plants with symptoms and surrounding flats Apply one or two copper treatments and one application before plants leave GH Minimize moisture dry growing Use only municipal or well water avoid surface water unless it is treated to kill bacteria

20 4. Choose the Best Site and Rotate Site selection Well-drained Good air movement Sunny Rotate rotate rotate Rotate out of the cucurbit family ALS- 3 years Xanthomonas bacterial spot 2 years Bacterial fruit blotch 3 years Bacterial wilt 3 years

21 5. Use Best Cultural Practices Avoid handling plants when they are wet Sanitize hands, boots and tools between fields Clean and sanitize equipment between fields Maintain reduced-stress growing conditions Well-drained soil Appropriate fertilizer (adequate but not excessive N) Regular irrigation if needed Improved organic matter content cover crops, compost Destroy weeds (especially in the cucurbit family) in and near production fields

22 5. Use Best Cultural Practices Remove wilted/dying plants early in an epidemic to reduce amount of inoculum present Destroy foliage and vines as soon as possible after harvest to help manage yellow vie decline Bacterial wilt diagnostic test

23 Use Barriers to Protect Plants from Cucumber Beetles Treatment Row cover + pyrethrum Untreated control % bacterial wilt 0.0 a 13.3 b

24 6. Use Crop Protectants Scout regularly for cucumber beetles; apply insecticides once thresholds have been exceeded. Pumpkins: apply insecticides after seedling emergence if threshold of 0.5 beetles/plant (cotyledon stage) or 1 beetle/plant (1-2 leaf stage) is exceeded At-plant (e.g. Admire) or foliar insecticides as soon as plants emerge and on 5-day intervals until cucumber beetle infestations subside. Apply copper on a 5-7 day schedule beginning early after transplanting/emergence if conditions are conducive to disease Apply Actigard preventatively on 7 day schedule

25 Effect of Antibacterial Products on Bacterial Spot of Pumpkin Nine applications Data provided by Jim Jasinski, OSU

26 Thank you Acknowledgments Ohio Vegetable and Small Fruit Research and Development Program OSU Vegetable Pathology Lab Jhony Mera, Fulya Baysal-Gurel, Melanie Ivey, Xiulan Xu, Xing Ma, Nagendra Subedi OSU NCARS Matt Hofelich OARDC Wooster Farm Bill Bardall OSU Muck Crops Rick Callendar OSU Vegetable Pathology Lab

Controlling Bacterial and Fungal Diseases in Tomato. Sally Miller Ohio State University Department of Plant Pathology

Controlling Bacterial and Fungal Diseases in Tomato. Sally Miller Ohio State University Department of Plant Pathology Controlling Bacterial and Fungal Diseases in Tomato Sally Miller Ohio State University Department of Plant Pathology Early Blight Very common disease Leaf spots, stem cankers, fruit rot Often defoliates

More information

Bacterial Diseases of Tomato: 2012

Bacterial Diseases of Tomato: 2012 Bacterial Diseases of Tomato: 2012 Bacterial diseases of tomato Bacterial speck Bacterial spot Bacterial canker Bacterial diseases of tomato Bacterial speck- causes lesions on leaves, stems and fruit.

More information

Virus diseases affect tomato production to some

Virus diseases affect tomato production to some A L A B A M A A & M A N D A U B U R N U N I V E R S I T I E S Virus Diseases Of Tomato ANR-0836 Virus diseases affect tomato production to some degree every year in Alabama. The amount of damage they cause

More information

IDENTIFICATION & MANAGEMENT OF. Pumpkin Diseases

IDENTIFICATION & MANAGEMENT OF. Pumpkin Diseases IDENTIFICATION & MANAGEMENT OF Pumpkin Diseases 2 Richard Latin and Karen Rane Department of Botany and Plant Pathology Disease Sclerotinia Rot Phytophthora Blight Bacterial Fruit Spot Powdery Mildew Downy

More information

University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources

University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources J. Sugano, J. Uyeda, S. Fukuda, K. Wang, M. Kawate, C. Tamaru, B. Fox, and T. Radovich College of Tropical Agriculture

More information

Five Steps for Healthy Garden Tomatoes

Five Steps for Healthy Garden Tomatoes Purdue extension BP-184-W Author Daniel S. Egel Vegetable Diseases Five Steps for Healthy Garden Tomatoes Photos by Daniel S. Egel (Figures 1-3) and Elizabeth Maynard (Figures 4-5) www.btny.purdue.edu

More information

Wheat Disease Identification and Control

Wheat Disease Identification and Control Wheat Disease Identification and Control 2009 MELVIN NEWMAN, Professor Plant Pathologist Entomology and Plant Pathology Department UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE Objectives To present detailed information on

More information

BENEFITS OF USING IPM

BENEFITS OF USING IPM Edward J. Bechinski and William H. Bohl Potato growers who use IPM consider all available pest control tools. Alternatives to conventional pesticides are the foundation of every IPM plan. Pesticides play

More information

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) Recommended Varieties Pickling Liberty Hybrid Saladin County Fair 83 Pickle Bush (compact, suitable for containers) Pot Luck (container only) Slicing Dasher 11 Sweet Success

More information

Crop Profile for Radishes in Ohio

Crop Profile for Radishes in Ohio Prepared: December, 1999 (Cruciferae: Raphanus sativus) Crop Profile for Radishes in Ohio General Production Information Acres in Ohio: 2,130 (5) - 100% for fresh market Percent of US Acreage/Rank: 8.87%/3rd

More information

Jeremiah K.S. Dung Hermiston Agricultural Research and Extension Center Oregon State University

Jeremiah K.S. Dung Hermiston Agricultural Research and Extension Center Oregon State University Jeremiah K.S. Dung Hermiston Agricultural Research and Extension Center Oregon State University Species of Pectobacterium and Dickeya Formerly known as soft rot Erwinias P. carotovorum subspecies P. atrosepticum

More information

Strawberry Leaf Spot

Strawberry Leaf Spot Strawberry Leaf Spot Cathy Heidenreich and Bill Turechek Introduction - Leaf spot is one of the most common and widespread diseases of strawberry. Mycosphaerella fragariae is also the cause of black seed

More information

Strawberry Anthracnose

Strawberry Anthracnose Strawberry Anthracnose Bill Turechek and Cathy Heidenreich Introduction - The term anthracnose is a general term used to describe plant diseases. Strawberry anthracnose refers to several diseases of strawberry

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT C 1 H A P TE R INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completely studying this chapter, you should: Be able to define integrated pest management. Understand the importance of an economic

More information

Ohio 9834 and Ohio 9816: processing tomato breeding lines with partial resistance to race T1 of bacterial spot.

Ohio 9834 and Ohio 9816: processing tomato breeding lines with partial resistance to race T1 of bacterial spot. Ohio 9834 and Ohio 9816: processing tomato breeding lines with partial resistance to race T1 of bacterial spot. David M. Francis Department of Horticulture and Crop Science, The Ohio State University,

More information

Wilt diseases of tomatoes can be caused

Wilt diseases of tomatoes can be caused A l a b a m a A & M a n d A u b u r n U n i v e r s i t i e s Wilt Diseases of Tomatoes ANR-0797 Wilt diseases of tomatoes can be caused by fungal, bacterial, viral, and nematode pathogens, as well as

More information

Picture Tour: Dry Beans Diseases

Picture Tour: Dry Beans Diseases Picture Tour: Dry Beans Diseases Saginaw Valley Research and Extension Center agbioresearch.msu.edu 1 Images of: Blight Root rot White mold Common Mosaic virus Leaf spot Rust Anthracnose BLIGHT Common

More information

Plant nutrients. The quantity of nutrients available to the plants is affected by: substrate quality water quality plant type.

Plant nutrients. The quantity of nutrients available to the plants is affected by: substrate quality water quality plant type. Plant nutrients All plants require nutrients to survive and grow. Plants take nutrients from the air, the soil, and the water. Because you cannot see nutrients they are colourless gases or are like dust

More information

Tomato Disease Management in Greenhouses

Tomato Disease Management in Greenhouses Purdue Extension publication BP-197-W University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension publication ID-233 Vegetable Diseases Tomato Disease Management in Greenhouses Photos by the authors Authors Daniel S.

More information

BETTER CROPS HEALTHY SOIL COMPOST. from. with. Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU)

BETTER CROPS HEALTHY SOIL COMPOST. from. with. Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) BETTER CROPS from HEALTHY SOIL with COMPOST Asia/Pacific Cultural Centre for UNESCO (ACCU) Have you ever faced these problems? Half of our rice crop got a disease this season. I'm using more chemical fertilizer,

More information

Onion & Leek Planting Guide

Onion & Leek Planting Guide Onion & Leek Planting Guide Important Remove plants from box immediately. Do not put in soil or water before planting. Keep cool and dry until you can plant. Follow the instructions inside for best results.

More information

Pecan Diseases and Nematodes

Pecan Diseases and Nematodes Pecan Diseases and Nematodes Western Pecan Production Short Course September 27, 2012 Natalie Goldberg Extension Plant Pathologist Diseases of Pecan Phymatotrichum root rot Root-knot nematode Powdery mildew

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look

Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look Garden Insects Some insects are very good at finding food and shelter in the garden. You will find many insects in this garden, but you must look carefully. Most are smaller than your pinkie nail! Many

More information

Physiological Tomato Fruit Disorders

Physiological Tomato Fruit Disorders Physiological Tomato Fruit Disorders Gerald Brust, IPM Vegetable Specialist Tomatoes are one of the top three vegetables grown in the mid-atlantic region. Although easily grown, tomatoes suffer ripening

More information

Rice Diseases. of Louisiana. Bacterial Panicle Blight

Rice Diseases. of Louisiana. Bacterial Panicle Blight Rice Diseases of Louisiana Bacterial Panicle Blight Bacterial panicle blight, caused by the bacteria Burkholderia glumae and gladioli, is one of the most important diseases of rice in the South. The disease

More information

Key Growth Stages. Kent McKay, NCREC. Minot, ND

Key Growth Stages. Kent McKay, NCREC. Minot, ND Growing Peas and Lentils Key Growth Stages Kent McKay, NCREC Area Extension Agronomist Minot, ND Pea and Lentil Growth Stages Seed Germination considerations Growth and development Desiccating Considerations

More information

Regulatory Measures for Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND) Management in Kenya

Regulatory Measures for Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND) Management in Kenya Regulatory Measures for Maize Lethal Necrosis Disease (MLND) Management in Kenya James Onsando (PhD) Managing Director Kenya Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS) www.kephis.org Operations at KEPHIS

More information

Hydroseed Care Guide

Hydroseed Care Guide Hydroseed Care Guide Please read carefully and sign the invoice in the space provided to show us that you have received the Instructional Care Guide and acknowledge your responsibility to read and implement

More information

Garden and plant health

Garden and plant health The idea of a healthy garden, rather than simply pest and disease free plants, is at the heart of organic growing. The first part of this section, Keeping the garden healthy, looks at ways of maintaining

More information

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM Improving Control Systems in Thailand for Plant and Plants Products Intended for Export to the European Union co-funded by the European Union and Thai Department of Agriculture Preharvest Use of Pesticides

More information

Team Rootstock: Targeting nematodes to make America safe for viticulture. Debra Johnston Jason Plate

Team Rootstock: Targeting nematodes to make America safe for viticulture. Debra Johnston Jason Plate Rootstocks for Nematode Management Peter Cousins, Grape Rootstock Breeder and Geneticist, USDA ARS New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Cornell University 630 W. North Street, Geneva, NY 14456

More information

Chilli - Long Red Cayenne, Long Slim Cayenne, P2391, Serano, Skyline 3, Star 6601, Thai chili, Thai Dragon.

Chilli - Long Red Cayenne, Long Slim Cayenne, P2391, Serano, Skyline 3, Star 6601, Thai chili, Thai Dragon. CAPSICUMS Hot pepper (chilli), sweet pepper and paprika. CLIMATE These crops require warmer conditions than tomatoes, and are more sensitive to cold and frost. The optimum mean temperatures for growth,

More information

Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2015

Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2015 Ontario Horticulture Research Priority Report 2015 Contents Introduction 1 Approach 1 Edible Horticulture 3 Sector Consultation 3 Evolution of the Process 3 Edible Horticulture Research Priority Shortlist

More information

Nematode Management in Okra 1

Nematode Management in Okra 1 ENY-043 Nematode Management in Okra 1 J.W. Noling 2 Okra is infamous for its susceptibility to root-knot nematodes; it is also extremely sensitive to sting nematodes. Because of this, okra should not be

More information

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions

Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Lawn Care FAQ s Fertilizer, Weed Control, Grubs, and General Application Questions Why do we have so many weeds? Dandelions in particular, weeds in general, do not seem concerned about how long lawn has

More information

Soil Quality Restoration And the Compost Connection. Presented by: Name City

Soil Quality Restoration And the Compost Connection. Presented by: Name City Soil Quality Restoration And the Compost Connection Presented by: Name City Rainscaping Iowa Do-It-Yourself Compost Naturally Compost Considerations Location, location, location To Bin or not to bin? The

More information

Tomato Year-Round IPM Program ANNUAL CHECKLIST (Reviewed 12/12)

Tomato Year-Round IPM Program ANNUAL CHECKLIST (Reviewed 12/12) Tomato Year-Round IPM Program ANNUAL CHECKLIST (Reviewed 12/12) These practices are recommended for a monitoring-based IPM program that reduces water quality problems related to pesticide use. Track your

More information

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PLANNING FOR THE GARDEN

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PLANNING FOR THE GARDEN OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PLANNING FOR THE GARDEN Why Have A Garden? Vegetables constitute an important part of the human diet. Millions of Americans produce vegetables through home gardening activities

More information

Biodegradable Mulch Product Testing 2006

Biodegradable Mulch Product Testing 2006 Biodegradable Mulch Product Testing 2006 Dr. Anu Rangarajan, Department of Horticulture, 121 Plant Science, Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14853, ph: 607-255-1780, ar47@cornell.edu Betsy Ingall Department

More information

Wheat Disease Identification

Wheat Disease Identification Wheat Disease Identification Fusarium root, crown, and foot rots Stripe rust Tan spot Leaf rust Cephalosporium stripe Stagonospora nodorum blotch Contents Diseases affecting heads and grain Black chaff...

More information

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002 FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO Dual MAGNUM EPA Reg. 100-816 This label for Dual Magnum expires and must not be distributed or used in accordance with this SLN registration after

More information

Host-free period for Tomato yellow leaf curl virus control. Robert L. Gilbertson Department of Plant Pathology University of California-Davis

Host-free period for Tomato yellow leaf curl virus control. Robert L. Gilbertson Department of Plant Pathology University of California-Davis Host-free period for Tomato yellow leaf curl virus control Robert L. Gilbertson Department of Plant Pathology University of California-Davis Integrated Pest Management (IPM) of Insect-Transmitted Plant

More information

INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson)

INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson) INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson) A number of insect pests are capable of severely damaging soybeans. However, it is important to realize that soybeans can withstand considerable insect damage at

More information

Agricultural to the 21st Century:

Agricultural to the 21st Century: Agricultural to the 21st Century: Tips, Tools & Technologies By Ms. Keeley Holder May 20 th, 2010 Who Am I? Farmer Produce Growers Ltd Scientist Integrated Pest Management Specialist President Barbados

More information

Biological control of walnut blight: screening of antagonistic bacteria for Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis and evaluation of their efficacy

Biological control of walnut blight: screening of antagonistic bacteria for Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis and evaluation of their efficacy Biological control of walnut blight: screening of antagonistic bacteria for Xanthomonas arboricola pv. juglandis and evaluation of their efficacy Hatice OZAKTAN Mine YAVAS Ahmet AKKÖPRÜ Emek ASLAN Adem

More information

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL.

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. WHERE WE HAVE BEEN CANOLA PRODUCTION HAS SURPASSED THE INDUSTRY TARGET OF 15 MMT. This was achieved

More information

Common diseases of nectarines

Common diseases of nectarines OCTOBER 2009 PRIMEFACT 890 Common diseases of nectarines L. Ullio Cleanfresh Project, Intensive Industries, Sydney Markets Bacterial canker Bacterial canker is considered a major disease of stone fruit

More information

Foliar Nematodes on Ornamental Plants

Foliar Nematodes on Ornamental Plants Foliar Nematodes on Ornamental Plants Introduction Nematodes are non-segmented roundworms. They range in size from less than a half a millimeter (microscopic) to nearly eight meters long and live in moist

More information

Gardening for Food & Fun 2014

Gardening for Food & Fun 2014 Gardening for Food & Fun 2014 Pest Control Decisions For Your Vegetable Garden Jeff White University of Illinois Extension Winnebago County Master Gardener Gardening for Food and Fun 03/01/2014 What Is

More information

OSU Extension Service Master Gardener Program. Organic Pest Control. Weston Miller OSU Extension Service Community and Urban Horticulture faculty

OSU Extension Service Master Gardener Program. Organic Pest Control. Weston Miller OSU Extension Service Community and Urban Horticulture faculty Organic Pest Control Weston Miller OSU Extension Service Community and Urban Horticulture faculty Audience Question What does the term organic pest control mean to you? Preview of Presentation Organic

More information

Agricultural Pest Control Plants Learning Objectives

Agricultural Pest Control Plants Learning Objectives Category 1A: Agricultural Pest Control Plants Agricultural Pest Control Plants Learning Objectives After studying this section, you should be able to: Describe some of the most common insect pests of agricultural

More information

PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION. Introduction

PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION. Introduction PINEAPPLE PRODUCTION Introduction The pineapple is a tropical and subtropical fruit grown in many countries in Africa. In Uganda it is mainly grown south of Lake Kyoga and western Uganda. Ii is a tradable

More information

Corky Root Rot in Ontario tomatoes. Janice LeBoeuf Vegetable Crop Specialist OMAFRA, Ridgetown

Corky Root Rot in Ontario tomatoes. Janice LeBoeuf Vegetable Crop Specialist OMAFRA, Ridgetown Corky Root Rot in Ontario tomatoes Janice LeBoeuf Vegetable Crop Specialist OMAFRA, Ridgetown Vine Decline Syndrome Poor growth and early decline of foliage has been observed in some fields for several

More information

Cooperative Extension Service The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

Cooperative Extension Service The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Commercial Watermelon Production Cooperative Extension Service The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Foreword Ten years have passed since this publication was updated;

More information

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ

EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY. Nevin AÇIKGÖZ ANADOLU, J. of AARI 7 (1) 1997, 1-8 MARA EXPERIENCES ON TRANSFER OF MANAGEMENT OF TECHNOLOGY FOR ASCOCHYTA BLIGHT OF CHICKPEA IN TURKEY Nevin AÇIKGÖZ Aegean Agricultural Research Institute POB. 9 Menemen,

More information

Irish potatoes are one of America s most

Irish potatoes are one of America s most E-511 11-10 Easy Gardening Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, The Texas A&M University System Irish potatoes are one of America s most popular vegetables the average American

More information

Best Management Practices for Tarnished Plant Bug in Cotton

Best Management Practices for Tarnished Plant Bug in Cotton Introduction Best Management Practices for Tarnished Plant Bug in Cotton Jeff Gore, Angus Catchot, Don Cook, and Fred Musser Mississippi State University Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station and

More information

Safe Handling. of Raw Produce and Fresh-Squeezed Fruit and Vegetable Juices. U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Safe Handling. of Raw Produce and Fresh-Squeezed Fruit and Vegetable Juices. U.S. Food and Drug Administration Safe Handling of Raw Produce and Fresh-Squeezed Fruit and Vegetable Juices U.S. Food and Drug Administration TOC Inside Buying Tips 4 Storage Tips 5 Preparation Tips 6 Fresh Juice Safety 8 Q&As 10 Staying

More information

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County Tree Integrated Pest Management Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County IPM Refresher Definition: The use of a combination of appropriate pest control tactics to reduce pest population

More information

12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT

12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT 12. INSECT PEST AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT Conservation farming promotes a diversity of insect life, influences pest populations and also favours many beneficial insects. The beneficial insects which act as

More information

FOLPAN 50 WP (FOLPET) FUNGICIDE COMMERCIAL

FOLPAN 50 WP (FOLPET) FUNGICIDE COMMERCIAL 21-NOV-2008 2008-4133 GROUP M FUNGICIDE FOLPAN 50 WP (FOLPET) FUNGICIDE COMMERCIAL A wettable powder fungicide for the control of a number of fungus diseases on certain fruit, vegetable, ornamental and

More information

Cytospora Canker. A Hard Nut to Crack. My current ongoing projects 1/23/2013. 30% of Cherry trees

Cytospora Canker. A Hard Nut to Crack. My current ongoing projects 1/23/2013. 30% of Cherry trees Cytospora Canker: A Hard Nut to Crack Ramesh Pokharel My research and extension program is aimed at > Solving practical fruit production problems > Increased producer profitability > Strengthening the

More information

A HOW-TO BACKYARD COMPOSTING GUIDE

A HOW-TO BACKYARD COMPOSTING GUIDE A HOW-TO BACKYARD COMPOSTING GUIDE WHAT IS COMPOSTING? Compost is a dark, crumbly, earthy smelling material that is great for your garden. Composting is the natural breakdown of organic material (kitchen

More information

Cucurbit Crops in Kentucky

Cucurbit Crops in Kentucky COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE, LEXINGTON, KY, 40546 ID-91 An IPM Scouting Guide for Common Problems of Cucurbit Crops in Kentucky E X T E N S I O N Agriculture

More information

Introduction to Plant Propagation. Glenn T. Sako Assistant County Extension Agent CTAHR, UHM

Introduction to Plant Propagation. Glenn T. Sako Assistant County Extension Agent CTAHR, UHM Introduction to Plant Propagation Glenn T. Sako Assistant County Extension Agent CTAHR, UHM Purposes for Plant Propagation Multiply the number of a species Perpetuate a species Maintain the youthfulness

More information

Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E

Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E Department of Horticultural Science Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E Revised 9/93 -- Author Reviewed 8/97 VEGETABLE CROP IRRIGATION Douglas C. Sanders, Extension Horticultural Specialist Distributed

More information

Alfalfa Diseases in Seed Production. Faye Dokken-Bouchard Provincial Specialist, Plant Disease Crops Branch, Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture

Alfalfa Diseases in Seed Production. Faye Dokken-Bouchard Provincial Specialist, Plant Disease Crops Branch, Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture Alfalfa Diseases in Seed Production Faye Dokken-Bouchard Provincial Specialist, Plant Disease Crops Branch, Saskatchewan Ministry of Agriculture Introduction Alfalfa seed production is a well-established

More information

Seeds introduction and selection

Seeds introduction and selection Women in Agriculture Training manual for female extension educators Seeds introduction and selection Introduction Part of the fun of growing your own vegetables is choosing from the thousands of varieties

More information

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland

UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY AND LIFE SCIENCE in Bydgoszcz, Poland Wheat in Poland Cereals are cultivated on 7859 kha, in which 22,9% is covered by wheat. Winter wheat monoculture in Poland Monoculture effects

More information

GEORGIA. SUMMARY OF PLANT PROTECTION REGULATIONS Updated November, 2013

GEORGIA. SUMMARY OF PLANT PROTECTION REGULATIONS Updated November, 2013 GA - 1 of 6 GEORGIA SUMMARY OF PLANT PROTECTION REGULATIONS Updated November, 2013 Georgia Department of Agriculture 1109 Experiment Street Redding Building Griffin, Georgia 30223 www.agr.georgia.gov/plant-protection.aspx

More information

Organic Gardening Certificate Program Quiz Week 3 Answer Key

Organic Gardening Certificate Program Quiz Week 3 Answer Key Q uiz for week 3 readings: 1. The database on the Organic Weed management Website contains the following sections except: A. Picture B. Ecology C. Management D. Description 2. The weed quackgrass can reproduce

More information

Dieback, Twig blight or Canker (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides- asexual stage, Glomerella cingulata.)

Dieback, Twig blight or Canker (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides- asexual stage, Glomerella cingulata.) Camellia Camellia spp. Propagation Camellias are usually propagated by cuttings of new growth taken just as the stem is changing from green to brown. Wound the stem, use 3000-8000 ppm IBA-talc and grow

More information

Our Objective: Compare performance of greenhouse and field pepper varieties for colored bell production in unheated high tunnels.

Our Objective: Compare performance of greenhouse and field pepper varieties for colored bell production in unheated high tunnels. Research Report: High Tunnel Pepper Variety Trial, 2015 By Becky Sideman, Extension Professor and Specialist, with technical assistance from Kaitlyn Orde and Talia Levy. Written January, 2016. Our Objective:

More information

A Note from Applied Bio-Nomics

A Note from Applied Bio-Nomics A Note from Applied Bio-Nomics In the 1970's two greenhouse pests, whitefly and spider mite, became resistant to pesticides and caused serious losses to greenhouse tomato and cucumber crops in Canada.

More information

Custard apple information kit

Custard apple information kit information kit Reprint information current in 1998 REPRINT INFORMATION PLEASE READ! For updated information please call 13 25 23 or visit the website www.deedi.qld.gov.au This publication has been reprinted

More information

Enterprise Guide for Southern Maryland: Growing Broccoli

Enterprise Guide for Southern Maryland: Growing Broccoli 1 Fact Sheet 450 Enterprise Guide for Southern Maryland: Growing Broccoli Broccoli is a popular vegetable in both fresh and frozen forms and has become a common vegetable in salad bars. Recently it has

More information

Diagnosing Disorders of Trees

Diagnosing Disorders of Trees 148 Appendix A Diagnosing Disorders of Trees Diagnosing tree problems can be difficult. Symptoms and signs can be subtle or only visible using special techniques, important information can be missing,

More information

4.5 CSA Crop Planning

4.5 CSA Crop Planning 4.5 CSA Crop Planning Lecture Outline 3 Exercise 5 Appendices 1. Calculating Weekly and Seasonal Harvest Goals 9 2. Calculating the Number of Plants Per Sowing 11 Required to Meet Harvest Goals 3. Determining

More information

Growing Vegetables: Tomatoes

Growing Vegetables: Tomatoes Bringing information and education into the communities of the Granite State Growing Vegetables: Tomatoes Becky Sideman, UNH Cooperative Extension Professor & Specialist Tomatoes are one of the most popular

More information

Part 1: Knowing how to identify the problem. Author: Damon Polta, Friendly Aquaponics Farm Manager. For free distribution.

Part 1: Knowing how to identify the problem. Author: Damon Polta, Friendly Aquaponics Farm Manager. For free distribution. Diseases, Deficiencies, and Toxicities in Plants Part 1: Knowing how to identify the problem. Author: Damon Polta, Friendly Aquaponics Farm Manager. For free distribution. Diseases Beet Western Yellow

More information

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University!

Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Ecologically based weed management! Chuck Mohler! Cornell University! Outline! Understanding weeds! Behavior of wandering perennials! Tillage and emergence cues! Life and death of weed seeds in the soil!

More information

report on PLANT DISEASE ROOT AND STEM ROTS OF GARDEN BEANS

report on PLANT DISEASE ROOT AND STEM ROTS OF GARDEN BEANS report on PLANT DISEASE RPD No. 922 May 1989 DEPARTMENT OF CROP SCIENCES UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN ROOT AND STEM ROTS OF GARDEN BEANS Three common and destructive root and stem rots may

More information

A Series on Diseases in the Florida Vegetable Garden: Tomato 1

A Series on Diseases in the Florida Vegetable Garden: Tomato 1 PP200 A Series on Diseases in the Florida Vegetable Garden: Tomato 1 Gary Vallad, Ken Pernezny, and Tim Momol 2 Many Floridians delight in maintaining a vegetable garden in their backyard. Others keep

More information

2. THE COTTON PLANT PERENNIAL GROWTH HABIT. Keith Edmisten Guy Collins Crop Science Extension Specialists Cotton

2. THE COTTON PLANT PERENNIAL GROWTH HABIT. Keith Edmisten Guy Collins Crop Science Extension Specialists Cotton 2. THE COTTON PLANT Keith Edmisten Guy Collins Crop Science Extension Specialists Cotton Successful cotton production depends on an integrated management strategy that recognizes and adapts to the unique

More information

The first part of this week s lab will take place at Cornell s Compost. Facility on Stevenson Road. We will tour the facility and collect samples

The first part of this week s lab will take place at Cornell s Compost. Facility on Stevenson Road. We will tour the facility and collect samples Lab. Composting The first part of this week s lab will take place at Cornell s Compost Facility on Stevenson Road. We will tour the facility and collect samples of compost at different stages of decomposition.

More information

for Sweet Corn Joe Masabni UKREC Princeton, KY Joe Masabni

for Sweet Corn Joe Masabni UKREC Princeton, KY Joe Masabni Herbicide Recommendations for Sweet Corn UKREC Princeton, KY Preemergence Herbicides Aatrex 4L Rate: 1 2 qt / A PRE for annual grasses and broadleaves weed control Apply after planting but before weeds

More information

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it.

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it. In the previous presentation on Human Health and Pesticides, we discussed some of the negative consequences associated with pesticide use. In this presentation we will focus on environmental degradation

More information

Trailing type Cultivars Time to first harvest and harvesting period. Hubbards Green, Green Chicago Warted,Golden 100-120 days

Trailing type Cultivars Time to first harvest and harvesting period. Hubbards Green, Green Chicago Warted,Golden 100-120 days CUCURBITS This group of crops includes pumpkins, squashes, vegetable marrows, cucumbers, musk and sweet melons, and watermelons, as well as loofah, calabash and various gourds. CLIMATE REQUIREMENTS The

More information

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet Propagation Propagation is actually quite simple and requires very little effort on your part. Most seeds are ready to go, complete with all the nutrients and

More information

Agriculture and Natural Resources

Agriculture and Natural Resources Agriculture and Natural Resources FSA6003 Home Gardening Series Beans CraigR.Andersen AssociateProfessor ArkansasIs OurCampus Visitourwebsiteat: http://www.uaex.edu Environment Light sunny Soil well drained

More information

Project Investigator: Lindsey J. du Toit, Washington State University Cooperator: Krishna Subbarao, University of California-Davis

Project Investigator: Lindsey J. du Toit, Washington State University Cooperator: Krishna Subbarao, University of California-Davis Annual Report to the California Leafy Greens Research Board for the period 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2010 I. Abstract Project Title: Evaluation of seed treatments for management of seedborne Verticillium

More information

(1) Hybrid Cucumber Seed Production. Samuel Contreras Departamento de Ciencias Vegetales Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Santiago, Chile

(1) Hybrid Cucumber Seed Production. Samuel Contreras Departamento de Ciencias Vegetales Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Santiago, Chile (1) Hybrid Cucumber Seed Production Samuel Contreras Departamento de Ciencias Vegetales Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Santiago, Chile (2) Introduction Cucurbitaceae family The Cucurbitaceae

More information

Growing Vegetables at Home

Growing Vegetables at Home Visit us on the Web: www.gardeninghelp.org Growing Vegetables at Home Vegetable gardening is a rewarding hobby that has many benefits not the least of which is getting exercise and growing fresh food.

More information

Pitahaya Diseases. Gary Bender Farm Advisor Subtropical Hor=culture UCCE San Diego County

Pitahaya Diseases. Gary Bender Farm Advisor Subtropical Hor=culture UCCE San Diego County Pitahaya Diseases Gary Bender Farm Advisor Subtropical Hor=culture UCCE San Diego County Diseases Cause for Concern? Pitahaya imported into California, and exported from California (to Hawaii for instance)

More information

ADOPTION OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES IN TOMATO AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN SARDINIA

ADOPTION OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES IN TOMATO AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN SARDINIA ADOPTION OF METHYL BROMIDE ALTERNATIVES IN TOMATO AND VEGETABLE PRODUCTION IN SARDINIA S. Leoni, L. Ledda, G. F. Marras Università degli Studi di Sassari Dipartimento di Scienze Agronomiche e Genetica

More information

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is a

Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is a E-503 03-09 Easy Gardening ASPARAGUS ASPARAGUS ASPARAGUS ASPAR Joseph Masabni, Assistant Professor and Extension Horticulturist, The Texas A&M University System Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) is a highly

More information

Promoting Pollination Farming for Native Bees

Promoting Pollination Farming for Native Bees Promoting Pollination Farming for Native Bees Overview Pollination, the transfer of pollen grains to fertilize the ovules of flowers to produce seeds and fruits, is essential to agriculture and natural

More information

Organic Certification of Vegetable Operations

Organic Certification of Vegetable Operations Organic Certification of Vegetable Operations By Jim Riddle Organic Outreach Coordinator University of Minnesota http://swroc.cfans.umn.edu www.organicecology.umn.edu http://www.cfans.umn.edu www.eorganic.info

More information

Irrigation Solutions. LEPA Irrigation for. Drought Management. How to make pivot irrigation 95-98% efficient. made in usa

Irrigation Solutions. LEPA Irrigation for. Drought Management. How to make pivot irrigation 95-98% efficient. made in usa LEPA Irrigation for Drought Management How to make pivot irrigation 95-98% efficient made in usa Center Pivot Historically, farmers along the west coast have never considered center pivots efficient irrigation

More information