Gardening for Food & Fun 2014

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Gardening for Food & Fun 2014"

Transcription

1 Gardening for Food & Fun 2014 Pest Control Decisions For Your Vegetable Garden Jeff White University of Illinois Extension Winnebago County Master Gardener Gardening for Food and Fun 03/01/2014

2 What Is This Program About? Getting you thinking about this subject and giving you the tools to figure out what you want to do in your garden Define pest control Recognize and Diagnose problems How to evaluate resources and eliminate bad advice We ll talk about what your choices are with controlling pests IPM - a decision making process that might help you

3 What Is This Program About? Your responsibilities Organic Gardening versus Non Organic methods Chemicals The safety of you and your family while using chemicals Getting help Additional resources available to you

4 Good Bug Bad Bug Ok, before the room empties I won t be showing you 2,000 photos of bugs Know the limits of your knowledge Use your resources Don t assume every bug is bad You need some bugs in your garden You can t wipe out every bug

5 What Are Pests Anything that does damage You can t count the number of veggies and flowers you ve lost to them Anything you don t want in your garden, Neighbors? You ve tried about everything to stop them You ve spent untold dollars on remedies Maybe you just got to live with them?

6 The Most Destructive Pests in My Garden

7 Prevention First Steps First

8 First Steps First The Garden You need a healthy garden Nature always weeds out the weakest in the herd Every garden must have good exposure to sunlight. Without sun nothing happens You must have good drainage Semi protected Soil must be the correct PH and fertility for your plants

9 First Steps First Your Plants Disease resistant plants Some plants are a lot more susceptible to pests. Think leafy Monitoring your garden. You can t do it from the couch. Don t let them get ahead of you Pests can be tricked or prevented You can control your garden

10 Diagnosis Ok, Do You Have Pests, or a Disease? What Now

11 Diagnosis What plant(s) are affected What is the damage you see and the amount What part of the plant is involved Leaf Fruit Unseen Do you see any pests, what are they Disease or critter How long have the symptoms been observed

12 Choices Integrated Pest Management What Do You Do Now?

13 What is IPM A decision matrix to help you choose your methods of pest control It doesn t eliminate pesticides but puts them in an order It lets you choose your method of control, cultural, physical, mechanical, chemical or biological It emphasizes an environmentally sound pest management program

14 The Decision Matrix The first choice Do nothing You make these decisions every day A little damage Do nothing A lot of damage or damage to important crops or plantings What are your personal limits What are you comfortable with or willing to put up with What are your plants limits Other concerns Pets, Bees, Children

15 The Decision Matrix Treatment Know your pest Timing, are they at the end of their life cycle or just beginning How heavy is the infestation Can you do anything about it Treatment choices Physical Cultural Organic Chemicals

16 Cultural Controls Choosing plants The first step is at the nursery or your starter plants for either pests or disease If they re already in trouble pass them over. You ve got enough problems don t bring any more to your garden You see pests on them Holes already in the leaves Bad roots Drooping or damaged plants Choose your gardening methods

17 Cultural Controls After you have healthy plants Plant at the right time Mulch - again don t bring home problems, clean it up Garden cloth break the breeding and disease cycles Proper watering, about an 1 per week usually Proper fertilizing Pruning as required Pests have life cycles Vary your planting times Use row covers for susceptible plants Try companion planting

18 Cultural Controls Crop Rotation The first rule is rotate, rotate, rotate Especially true for diseases Why we rotate To allow the soil to restore To put plants that add certain nutrients back into the soil where they will do the most good Control disease and insects Leave an area fallow if you have the room Clean your beds every fall. Remove all plants, leaves and debris. They provide nesting areas

19 Plants Grouped By Family Squash Mustard Tomato Beet Legumes Squash Broccoli Tomatoes Beets Beans Cucumber Brussel Sprouts Eggplants Spinach Peas Pumpkins Cabbage Peppers Chard Melons Cauliflower Potatoes Kohlrabi Mustard Radishes Kale Turnips Onion Onions Leeks Scallions Garlic Shallots Carrot Carrots Dill Parsnips Parsley

20 Organic Controls Low Tech Picking bugs off your plants Picking off diseased leaves Washing bugs off with a sprayer for an infested plant works well especially with aphids and mites Removing infested leaves or branches Certain poultry Keep your garden weeded Stopping the use of pesticides

21 Organic Controls Bed coverings Vacuum pests and eggs Garden Cloth, bugs lay eggs in your soil Fencing for deer, raccoons, possums, rabbits, or other critters of the night Netting Flashers or streamers for birds

22 Organic Controls The use of barriers Tin cans or cardboard tubes around young plants Row covers Wire mesh below your plants or around the roots like a basket Copper tape Insect traps, in your neighbor s yard

23 Organic Controls Biological Controls slow acting Encouraging or buying natural predators for your garden Pathogens Bacteria Fungi Nematodes Attracting Birds Bats Toads, frogs

24 Organic Controls Organic Kaolin spray, a dry powdered clay Insecticidal soap Neem oil for both insects and fungal issues Diatomaceous earth BTK (Bacillus thuringiensis) bacterial parasite caterpillars BTSD (Bacillus thuringiensis) San Diego variety Beetles

25 Organic Controls Fungal Issues Baking soda Bacillus subtilis Neem oil

26 Chemical Controls Chemicals are non selective You can t take misapplications back Can cause permanent damage to the environment including you Two basic kinds Contact pesticides Kill on contact Systematic pesticides Go into the plant and kill those pests eating that plant All chemicals have a residual life I recommend chemicals as a last resort

27 Chemical Controls Application Follow the label instructions Safety requirements Application times or frequency requirements Mix according to directions Use only as directed and on those plants or pests listed Read the whole label The chemical you want to use may kill the plants or a surrounding plant Compounds change from year to year AND so do the directions for use

28 Chemical Controls Safety Read the dang labels every time Misapplications Drift, you could be eating this stuff vapor drift Particle drift Movement by water, running and leaching Spills The phone number on the label Any issues bring the product to the hospital with you

29 Chemical Controls For your safety Read the label Mix properly and don t mix different chemicals Wear proper safety equipment Wash it separately after using Know the exposure symptoms and get emergency care if you need it Keep the kids and pets away while applying and until safe Store properly Dispose of properly

30 HELP Any issues you can t handle call the Master Gardner hotline for your county. We ll help you out We give classes during the growing season Use the Extension website. There is a lot of information and links you can use. your county

31 About Reference Material You can t get away without some reference materials You can waste a lot of money if you re not careful Make sure it is what you need Make sure it covers our zone Make sure it covers your interests and beliefs Be cheap, used bookstores or used on-line

32 About Reference Material BE CHEAP With books look at them first then shop price Check books out of the library Sit down and look at them at the bookstore Some books can be purchased used but be careful of the publishing date Parts of some books may be published in magazines. Do a search for the author

33 Magazines Organic Gardening Mother Earth News Hobby Farms Urban Farm Don t subscribe because of a pretty photo on the cover. Pick up a few issues first and make sure the print lives up to the photo and that their values are the same as yours

34 Books To Take A Look At GARDENING Step by Step Organic Vegetable Gardening Shepherd Ogden (Samuel R. Ogden 1972) Square Foot Gardening Mel Bartholomew Rodale s Ultimate Encyclopedia of Organic Gardening Fern Marshall Bradley, Barbara W. Ellis, and Ellen Phillips

35 Books To Take A Look At Gardening Vegetable Gardening in the Midwest Available at your extension office The Vegetable Gardener s Bible Edward C. Smith

36 Books To Take A Look At INSECT AND DISEASE CONTROL The Organic Gardener s Handbook of Natural Insect and Disease Control Barbara W. Ellis and Fern Marshall Bradley Good Bug, Bad Bug Jessica Walliser What s Wrong With My Vegetable Garden David Deardorff and Kathryn Wadsworth What s Wrong With My Plant David Deardorff and Kathryn Wadsworth

37 Websites Local Extension county UIUC Vegetable gardening information for Illinois Vegetable pest identification guide Other Pollinator information

38 RESOURCES HortAnswers: Midwest Fruit and Vegetable Jim Fizzell Common Vegetable Problems: The Bug Review: Vegetable Gardening in the Midwest

Vegetable Planting Guide For Eastern North Carolina

Vegetable Planting Guide For Eastern North Carolina North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service NC STATE UNIVERSITY Vegetable Guide For Eastern North Carolina Getting Started There is much to consider when planning a vegetable garden. When is the right

More information

Consumer Horticulture

Consumer Horticulture Purdue Extension Consumer Horticulture Container and Raised Bed Gardening HORT-186-W Purdue Extension Consumer Horticulture Indiana Vegetable Planting Calendar Michael N. Dana and B. Rosie Lerner HO-186-W

More information

SAN DIEGO FARM TO SCHOOL INFORMAL PROCUREMENT: LOCAL FOODS FROM URBAN AGRICULTURE SITES San Diego Unified School District April 2013

SAN DIEGO FARM TO SCHOOL INFORMAL PROCUREMENT: LOCAL FOODS FROM URBAN AGRICULTURE SITES San Diego Unified School District April 2013 SAN DIEGO FARM TO SCHOOL INFORMAL PROCUREMENT: LOCAL FOODS FROM URBAN AGRICULTURE SITES San Diego Unified School District April 2013 Solicitation Number: For office use only Purpose: The purpose of this

More information

SQUARE FOOT GARDENING. An Educational Class Presented by Harvest Farm Community Garden March 2010

SQUARE FOOT GARDENING. An Educational Class Presented by Harvest Farm Community Garden March 2010 SQUARE FOOT GARDENING An Educational Class Presented by Harvest Farm Community Garden March 2010 All New Square Foot Gardening: Grow More in Less Space! By Mel Bartholomew www.squarefootgardening.com It

More information

Alternative Pesticide Management for the Lawn and Garden

Alternative Pesticide Management for the Lawn and Garden Alternative Pesticide Management for the Lawn and Garden XCM-221 A pest-free lawn and garden may sound ideal, but is it really? Maintaining the perfect urban landscape may result in a reliance on pesticides

More information

YOUR FARM. AT WORK. CORPORATE WELLNESS PROGRAMS

YOUR FARM. AT WORK. CORPORATE WELLNESS PROGRAMS YOUR FARM. AT WORK. CORPORATE WELLNESS PROGRAMS Join your coworkers outside to help plant, maintain, and harvest organic produce from your company s own urban farm. Green City Growers corporate wellness

More information

SCALING UP YOUR VEGETABLE OPERATION Practical Farmers of Iowa Conference 2011

SCALING UP YOUR VEGETABLE OPERATION Practical Farmers of Iowa Conference 2011 SCALING UP YOUR VEGETABLE OPERATION Practical Farmers of Iowa Conference 2011 Started the farm in 1990 with 5 acres The CSA started in 1991 with 30 members Through religious organizations and community

More information

Basics of Organic Gardening in 15 minutes!

Basics of Organic Gardening in 15 minutes! Basics of Organic Gardening in 15 minutes! Jan Garrett, M.S., Botany PhD, Ecology Auburn University Organic Vegetable Production Research Owner, manager Sunbright Farm garrecj@auburn.edu All the World

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 1: A Pest by Any Other Name

Unit 4 Lesson 1: A Pest by Any Other Name Focus Areas: Pest Control: Biological; Environmental Science, Language Arts Focus Skills: critical thinking, conducting research, observing, graphing, interpreting data Objectives To explore human attitudes

More information

What is Integrated Pest Management?

What is Integrated Pest Management? The Farmers' Handbook - "Near The House 1", What is Integrated Pest Management? The spider and its web helps to control lots of harmful insects Farmers are always concerned about their crops. After the

More information

Square Foot Gardening A simplified method of gardening, practiced around the world.

Square Foot Gardening A simplified method of gardening, practiced around the world. Square Foot Gardening A simplified method of gardening, practiced around the world. Needs no special or expensive equipment, investment, fertilizer, or experience. Notes distributed by Arlen Albrecht,

More information

DESIGNING A SCHOOL GARDEN. Sandy McGroarty, An Taisce Green-Schools

DESIGNING A SCHOOL GARDEN. Sandy McGroarty, An Taisce Green-Schools DESIGNING A SCHOOL GARDEN Sandy McGroarty, An Taisce Green-Schools Designing the Garden Why do you want a garden? Ornamental Edible Forest Garden Outdoor Classroom Biodiversity Maintenance over the Summer

More information

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort

Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort The Virginia Gardener http://www.hort.vt.edu/envirohort Name Help Sheets: Things Plants Need There are certain things that every living thing needs in order to live and grow. Just like you, plants need

More information

Passive Solar Systems Crop Selection, Planning, Scheduling and Planting

Passive Solar Systems Crop Selection, Planning, Scheduling and Planting Passive Solar Systems Crop Selection, Planning, Scheduling and Planting John Biernbaum and Adam Montri Michigan State University How do vegetable crops stay alive and grow during the winter in a Passive

More information

Square Foot Gardening

Square Foot Gardening see the demonstration garden outside of 212 River Drive, Wausau Square Foot Gardening A simplified method of gardening, practiced around the world. Needs no special or expensive equipment, investment,

More information

Commercial Fruit Production. Essential Commercial Fruit Production Decisions

Commercial Fruit Production. Essential Commercial Fruit Production Decisions 2014 Farming For Profit Workshop Series Commercial Fruit Production Essential Commercial Fruit Production Decisions The questions in this document are intended to help you make the key decisions necessary

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Integrated Pest Management Science and Language Arts Brief Description: This lesson will focus all of the information the students have learned about pests in the other insect lessons in a decision-making

More information

4.5 CSA Crop Planning

4.5 CSA Crop Planning 4.5 CSA Crop Planning Lecture Outline 3 Exercise 5 Appendices 1. Calculating Weekly and Seasonal Harvest Goals 9 2. Calculating the Number of Plants Per Sowing 11 Required to Meet Harvest Goals 3. Determining

More information

your easy guide to home-grown, garden-fresh vegetables vegetable growing chart

your easy guide to home-grown, garden-fresh vegetables vegetable growing chart Vegetable Planner your easy guide to home-grown, garden-fresh vegetables vegetable growing chart At-a-glance guide to sowing and harvesting times for most popular vegetables. This chart covers 18 months

More information

Central North Carolina Planting Calendar for Annual Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs

Central North Carolina Planting Calendar for Annual Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs Central North Carolina Planting Calendar for Annual Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs Central North Carolina is a wonderful place to garden. Almost any type of vegetable or fruit can be grown successfully

More information

Introduction to the concepts of IPM

Introduction to the concepts of IPM DEPARTMENT OF PRIMARY INDUSTRY AND FISHERIES Principles of Integrated Pest Management Deanna Chin and Brian Thistleton, Entomology, Diagnostic Services What is a pest? Principles of IPM Introduction to

More information

Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Introduction Pests are an inevitable problem faced by nursery growers. For the purposes of this document, the term pest refers to insects, diseases, weeds, slugs,

More information

DIY Hydro Rubbermaid Planter

DIY Hydro Rubbermaid Planter DIY Hydro Rubbermaid Planter Intro: This is a guide to building 2 different great "EarthBox" systems for next to nothing in relation to the $50 commercial version. The smaller is a more experimental idea

More information

University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources

University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources University of Hawaii at Manoa, College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources J. Sugano, J. Uyeda, S. Fukuda, K. Wang, M. Kawate, C. Tamaru, B. Fox, and T. Radovich College of Tropical Agriculture

More information

COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE PROJECT ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING COURSE OUTLINE: SMALLHOLDER FARMER S CONTEXT

COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE PROJECT ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING COURSE OUTLINE: SMALLHOLDER FARMER S CONTEXT COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE PROJECT ENTREPRENEURSHIP TRAINING COURSE OUTLINE: SMALLHOLDER FARMER S CONTEXT Prepared and Compiled by: Brian M Touray, MSc Program Development Advisor CANADIAN INSTITUTE OF TOURISM

More information

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County

Tree Integrated Pest Management. Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County Tree Integrated Pest Management Dan Nortman Virginia Cooperative Extension, York County IPM Refresher Definition: The use of a combination of appropriate pest control tactics to reduce pest population

More information

Flower Pieces & Parts

Flower Pieces & Parts Flower Pieces & Parts Subject Area: Science Unit Title: Plants Grade Level: 4th & 5th grade Objectives: each student will label and list the parts and functions of a flower. Colorado Content Standards

More information

Garden and plant health

Garden and plant health The idea of a healthy garden, rather than simply pest and disease free plants, is at the heart of organic growing. The first part of this section, Keeping the garden healthy, looks at ways of maintaining

More information

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT

INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT C 1 H A P TE R INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completely studying this chapter, you should: Be able to define integrated pest management. Understand the importance of an economic

More information

Illinois What s in Season

Illinois What s in Season Illinois What s in Season Apples Artichokes Asparagus Beans Bell Peppers Berries Cabbage Carrots Cauliflower Cherries Corn Cucumbers Eggplant Garlic Grapes Greens Herbs Horseradish Lettuce Melons Nectarines

More information

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM

Outline. What is IPM Principles of IPM Methods of Pest Management Economic Principles The Place of Pesticides in IPM Improving Control Systems in Thailand for Plant and Plants Products Intended for Export to the European Union co-funded by the European Union and Thai Department of Agriculture Preharvest Use of Pesticides

More information

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PLANNING FOR THE GARDEN

OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PLANNING FOR THE GARDEN OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION PLANNING FOR THE GARDEN Why Have A Garden? Vegetables constitute an important part of the human diet. Millions of Americans produce vegetables through home gardening activities

More information

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it.

Today we will talk about the importance of our environment: what it is and how do we use it. In the previous presentation on Human Health and Pesticides, we discussed some of the negative consequences associated with pesticide use. In this presentation we will focus on environmental degradation

More information

What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests. How do insects become pests? Problems with Pesticides. What is most commonly used to control insect pests?

What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests. How do insects become pests? Problems with Pesticides. What is most commonly used to control insect pests? What is a pest? How Insects Become Pests How do insects become pests? Introduction outside of native range Becomes disease vector Plant or animal (inclu. human) disease vector Host shift in native insect

More information

Insect Management in the Home Vegetable Garden

Insect Management in the Home Vegetable Garden Insect Management in the Home Vegetable Garden Insects are part of any garden. Beneficial insects pollinate plants, destroy pests, or improve the soil by scavenging and burrowing. Some insects cause problems

More information

Presentation Outline. Enterprise Budget Mixed-Vegetable Farm. Types of Farm Budgets. ISFS s Enterprise Budgets. Enterprise Budget: Definition Item

Presentation Outline. Enterprise Budget Mixed-Vegetable Farm. Types of Farm Budgets. ISFS s Enterprise Budgets. Enterprise Budget: Definition Item Enterprise Budget Mixed-Vegetable Farm Ermias Afeworki Institute For Sustainable Food Systems (ISFS) Presentation Outline Introduce ISFS enterprise budgets Types of farm budgets Enterprise budget Definition

More information

OSU Extension Service Master Gardener Program. Organic Pest Control. Weston Miller OSU Extension Service Community and Urban Horticulture faculty

OSU Extension Service Master Gardener Program. Organic Pest Control. Weston Miller OSU Extension Service Community and Urban Horticulture faculty Organic Pest Control Weston Miller OSU Extension Service Community and Urban Horticulture faculty Audience Question What does the term organic pest control mean to you? Preview of Presentation Organic

More information

(Adopted April 25, 2003, Amended May 22, 2009)

(Adopted April 25, 2003, Amended May 22, 2009) DRC GOOD ARRIVAL GUIDELINES (Adopted April 25, 2003, Amended May 22, 2009) Section 16 of the DRC Trading Standards policy on grade and condition standards for commodities stipulates: With regard to grade

More information

Agricultural to the 21st Century:

Agricultural to the 21st Century: Agricultural to the 21st Century: Tips, Tools & Technologies By Ms. Keeley Holder May 20 th, 2010 Who Am I? Farmer Produce Growers Ltd Scientist Integrated Pest Management Specialist President Barbados

More information

DESCRIPTION LEARNING OUTCOMES

DESCRIPTION LEARNING OUTCOMES Science Grade 10-12 Classroom Individual Reading DESCRIPTION Pesticides are used extensively to control pests, which can harm crops and other plant species. There are many different types of pesticides.

More information

Fifth Season Gardening Companion Planting Guide

Fifth Season Gardening Companion Planting Guide Fifth Season Gardening Companion Planting Guide Asparagus - Becomes more vigorous if planted with parsley. Basil - Basil repels white fly and makes a good companion to tomatoes, in the garden & the kitchen.

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 5: People Need Plants

Unit 3 Lesson 5: People Need Plants Focus Areas: Characteristics of Plants; Science Focus Skills: observing, identifying, drawing conclusions Dedicated to Reducing Pesticides Objectives To identify parts of a plant To recognize the importance

More information

HOME FREEZING GUIDE FOR FRESH VEGETABLES

HOME FREEZING GUIDE FOR FRESH VEGETABLES HOME FREEZING GUIDE F FRESH VEGETABLES Freezing most vegetables at home is a fast, convenient way to preserve produce at their peak maturity and nutritional quality. The following links provide information

More information

Table 9 Page 12 Q13. Which of the following produce items have you purchased FRESH (NOT frozen, canned or dried) in the past 12 months?

Table 9 Page 12 Q13. Which of the following produce items have you purchased FRESH (NOT frozen, canned or dried) in the past 12 months? Banner 1 Table 1 Page 1 Q5. What is your household income? Table 2 Page 2 Q6. What is your marital status? Table 3 Page 3 Q7. How many dependent children do you have? Table 4 Page 4 Q8. In which state

More information

Planting and Harvesting Guide for Piedmont Vegetables and Herbs

Planting and Harvesting Guide for Piedmont Vegetables and Herbs Planting and arvesting Guide for Piedmont Vegetables and erbs Created by Doug Jones, Piedmont Biofarm Debbie Roos, North Carolina Cooperative xtension, Chatham County Center Read First: ow to Use this

More information

Landscape Maintenance

Landscape Maintenance Landscape Maintenance SC-73 Objectives Contain Educate Reduce/Minimize Product Substitution Description Landscape maintenance activities include vegetation removal; herbicide and insecticide application;

More information

Kidney Disease and Potassium

Kidney Disease and Potassium What is potassium? Kidney Disease and Potassium Potassium is a mineral found in food. Your muscles and nerves need potassium to work well. Your heart muscle needs potassium for a strong beat. Your kidneys

More information

Pest Control in Home Vegetable Gardens WSU EXTENSION MANUAL EM009

Pest Control in Home Vegetable Gardens WSU EXTENSION MANUAL EM009 Pest Control in Home Vegetable Gardens WSU EXTENSION MANUAL EM009 PEST CONTROL IN HOME VEGETABLE GARDENS A.L. Antonelli, Washington State University Extension Entomologist These control measures for common

More information

Guidelines for Harvesting Vegetables

Guidelines for Harvesting Vegetables Guidelines for Harvesting Vegetables From Cornell Cooperative Extension, Chemung County More gardening information at www.gardening.cornell.edu Knowing when to harvest your vegetables is as important as

More information

Plant Parts We Eat Skills: Science, Art, Language Arts, Math Objective: Students will be introduced to an assortment of vegetables and will learn to locate the parts humans use for food. Background Which

More information

SELECTING AND USING ORGANIC FERTILIZERS

SELECTING AND USING ORGANIC FERTILIZERS SELECTING AND USING ORGANIC FERTILIZERS Rich Koenig, Extension Soil Specialist Michael Johnson, Grand County Extension Agent Reviewed December 2011 INTRODUCTION Homeowners recognize the need for timely

More information

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES

AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2012 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 The active ingredients in many pesticides are chemical compounds that kill organisms such as insects, molds, and weeds. Proponents claim that

More information

AIJN Guideline for Vegetable Juices and Nectars

AIJN Guideline for Vegetable Juices and Nectars AIJN Guideline for Vegetable Juices and Nectars 1. INTRODUCTION This guideline is applicable without prejudice to the national legislation of each Member State and/or Code of Practice and cannot be used

More information

Cloud Mountain Farm Center 6906 Goodwin Rd., Everson, WA 98247 (360)966-5859 voice, (360)966-0921 fax, www.cloudmountainfarmcenter.

Cloud Mountain Farm Center 6906 Goodwin Rd., Everson, WA 98247 (360)966-5859 voice, (360)966-0921 fax, www.cloudmountainfarmcenter. Disease and Pest Management in the Home Orchard Fruit trees have been grown in home orchards for centuries. The goal of many gardeners today is to have fresh fruit from their own trees with a minimum of

More information

Plant Parts We Eat Lesson

Plant Parts We Eat Lesson Plant Parts We Eat Lesson Concept Objective: AK Vegetables and Plant Parts Time: 40-45 minutes Setting: Indoors Activities: Plant Parts We Eat Materials Needed: Vegetable Samples/Salad parts Plant Parts

More information

HOME & GARDEN INFORMATION CENTER

HOME & GARDEN INFORMATION CENTER http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic HGIC 1256 1-888-656-9988 HOME & GARDEN INFORMATION CENTER Planning a Garden Home garden vegetables can be grown abundantly in most areas of South Carolina with proper

More information

Vegetable Harvest and Storage Denny Schrock Department of Horticulture University of Missouri Timely harvest and proper storage help to maintain the

Vegetable Harvest and Storage Denny Schrock Department of Horticulture University of Missouri Timely harvest and proper storage help to maintain the Vegetable Harvest and Storage Denny Schrock Department of Horticulture University of Missouri Timely harvest and proper storage help to maintain the quality and freshness of garden vegetables. This publication

More information

NUTRITION EDUCATION CARDS AND HOSPITALITY TRAINING FOR SCHOOL NUTRITION SERVICES STAFF

NUTRITION EDUCATION CARDS AND HOSPITALITY TRAINING FOR SCHOOL NUTRITION SERVICES STAFF SWEET RED PEPPERS All red peppers start out green, then turn red. Red peppers have calcium for healthy bones. WINTER SQUASH Squash has Vitamin A for healthy eyes. Orange vegetables help you have healthy

More information

Home gardening continues to grow in popularity. One of every

Home gardening continues to grow in popularity. One of every E-502 2/09 Joseph Masabni* Home gardening continues to grow in popularity. One of every three families does some type of home gardening, according to conservative estimates, with most gardens located in

More information

Document Title. Chapter 1: Komatsuna Green Bean Onion Garbanzo. Parsnip pumpkin grape soko epazote. Burdock winter purslane kale parsnip

Document Title. Chapter 1: Komatsuna Green Bean Onion Garbanzo. Parsnip pumpkin grape soko epazote. Burdock winter purslane kale parsnip Table of Contents Chapter 1: Komatsuna Green Bean Onion Garbanzo... 1 Parsnip pumpkin grape soko epazote.... 1 Melon celery spring onion green bean peanut.... 1 Swiss chard:... 1 Lotus... 1 Parsnip...

More information

Growing Guide. Making the most of your raised bed garden. Build-a-Garden Program

Growing Guide. Making the most of your raised bed garden. Build-a-Garden Program Growing Guide Making the most of your raised bed garden Build-a-Garden Program The Food Project WELCOME: Congratulations on your new garden! We know you are eager to get started so we have tried to provide

More information

Ecology. Garden Calendar. ~ a working gardener s guide ~

Ecology. Garden Calendar. ~ a working gardener s guide ~ Ecology Action'sCOVER Garden Calendar ~ a working gardener s guide ~ Deep Soil Preparation for good structure Close Spacing to conserve water A few components of the GROW BIOINTENSIVE method of farming

More information

Martin s VIPER INSECT DUST

Martin s VIPER INSECT DUST [FRONT LABEL PANEL] Martin s VIPER INSECT DUST For and Outdoor Use on Home Gardens KILLS OVER 60 INSECTS ON Vegetables Ornamentals Fruits CAN ALSO BE USED ON Dogs and Cats Livestock ACTIVE INGREDIENT:

More information

Fertilizing Garden Soils

Fertilizing Garden Soils Fertilizing Garden Soils From Cornell Cooperative Extension, Chemung County More gardening information at www.gardening.cornell.edu Soil Nutrients Twenty nutrients have been identified which plants require

More information

What is Organic Farming?

What is Organic Farming? What is Organic Farming? produced by What is organic farming? Organic farming works in harmony with nature rather than against it. This involves using techniques to achieve good crop yields without harming

More information

Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E

Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E Department of Horticultural Science Horticulture Information Leaflet 33-E Revised 9/93 -- Author Reviewed 8/97 VEGETABLE CROP IRRIGATION Douglas C. Sanders, Extension Horticultural Specialist Distributed

More information

Focus Group IPM for brassica Starting Paper

Focus Group IPM for brassica Starting Paper Tasks of the focus group Stocktaking of the state of the art of practice, including a summary of problems and issues: identify (types of) pests and diseases relevant for Brassica for different EU regions;

More information

INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson)

INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson) INSECT MANAGEMENT (Roberts & McPherson) A number of insect pests are capable of severely damaging soybeans. However, it is important to realize that soybeans can withstand considerable insect damage at

More information

THIRAM 75 WP Wettable Powder Fungicide

THIRAM 75 WP Wettable Powder Fungicide 29-SEP-2008 2008-3245 Resistance Management symbols and signal words (Group M Fungicide) THIRAM 75 WP Wettable Powder Fungicide Contains thiram for control of fungal diseases on crops. AGRICULTURAL GUARANTEE:

More information

Harvesting and Preparing Vegetables for Exhibit

Harvesting and Preparing Vegetables for Exhibit Harvesting and Preparing Vegetables for Exhibit Reviewed by Dr. Ronald Smith Extension Horticulturist Raymond Wagner Retired 4 H Youth Specialist Robert G. Askew Retired Extension Horticulturist Formatted

More information

Can I Grow That Here? Vegetable Seed and Transplant Schedules for Garden or Container

Can I Grow That Here? Vegetable Seed and Transplant Schedules for Garden or Container Can I Grow That Here? Vegetable Seed and Transplant Schedules for Garden or Container by Amy Grandpre, MSU Extension horticulture assistant, Yellowstone County MontGuide Includes information on days to

More information

Integrated Pest Management At Boise State University

Integrated Pest Management At Boise State University Integrated Pest Management At Boise State University Purpose The purpose of this document is to provide an overview of Boise State University Landscape Service department s philosophy regarding plant health

More information

2015 Fall CSA Membership Agreement

2015 Fall CSA Membership Agreement 22630 Highway 18 N Toone, TN 38381 www.falconridgefarm.net mail@falconridgefarm.net 731.658.5200 2015 Fall CSA Membership Agreement Members of the Falcon Ridge Farm CSA receive a weekly or bi-weekly share

More information

Llewellyn's Moon Sign Book

Llewellyn's Moon Sign Book PLANTING BY THE MOON "Shine on, Shine on harvest moon" is the song lyric which Texans can sing most of the year because of the long production period. Most growers ignore the phases of the moon when the

More information

Plant Parts and Their Function

Plant Parts and Their Function Science Unit: Lesson 6: Plants Plant Parts and Their Function School year: 2004/2005 Developed for: Developed by: Grade level: Duration of lesson: Queen Alexandra Elementary School, Vancouver School District

More information

UTAH CERTIFIED NURSEY PROFESSIONAL UCNP TEST SYLLABUS

UTAH CERTIFIED NURSEY PROFESSIONAL UCNP TEST SYLLABUS UTAH CERTIFIED NURSEY PROFESSIONAL UCNP TEST SYLLABUS Contact Information: Utah Green-UNLA 1174 E 2760 S #16 Salt Lake City UT 84152 801-484-4426 or unlautahgreen@aol.com UCNP Program Description: The

More information

Montgomery County Vegetable Gardening Guide

Montgomery County Vegetable Gardening Guide Montgomery County Vegetable Gardening Guide Home gardening continues to grow in popularity. One of every three families does some type of home gardening, according to conservative estimates, with a majority

More information

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet

o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet o d Propagation and Moon Planting Fact Sheet Propagation Propagation is actually quite simple and requires very little effort on your part. Most seeds are ready to go, complete with all the nutrients and

More information

This lesson is part of a larger, comprehensive school garden guide called Minnesota School Gardens: A Guide to Gardening and Plant Science developed

This lesson is part of a larger, comprehensive school garden guide called Minnesota School Gardens: A Guide to Gardening and Plant Science developed This lesson is part of a larger, comprehensive school garden guide called Minnesota School Gardens: A Guide to Gardening and Plant Science developed by Minnesota Agriculture in the Classroom in 2013. The

More information

** In the beginning it is best to limit your food options. We have provided 3 examples for each meal. You will do best by sticking to this.

** In the beginning it is best to limit your food options. We have provided 3 examples for each meal. You will do best by sticking to this. Female Fat Loss Formula Diet: This is the diet you will follow. There are no foods that are off limits, but rather foods that are emphasized and those that are minimized. Here are the general rules you

More information

Fruit Tree Planting? What is

Fruit Tree Planting? What is What is Fruit Tree Planting? Farmers' Handbook "The Fields", Fruit is a store of goodness. It is juicy, tasty and nutritious, and it holds vitamins essential for our health and well being. So it's our

More information

COG Reference Series. #14,Insect and Disease Management in the Vegetable Garden

COG Reference Series. #14,Insect and Disease Management in the Vegetable Garden Canadian Organic Growers COG National Office, 323 Chapel Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 7Z2 Tel: 613-216-0740, Toll free: 1-888-375-7383, Fax: 613-216-0743 E-mail: office@cog.ca, Web: www.cog.ca Canadian

More information

Landscape Maintenance

Landscape Maintenance Photo Credit: Geoff Brosseau Description This category includes businesses that provide landscaping and landscape maintenance/gardening services. Pollutant Sources The following are sources of pollutants:

More information

Integrated Pest Management: Principles & Practice. Dr. Ana Legrand Connecticut IPM Program University of Connecticut

Integrated Pest Management: Principles & Practice. Dr. Ana Legrand Connecticut IPM Program University of Connecticut Integrated Pest Management: Principles & Practice Dr. Ana Legrand Connecticut IPM Program University of Connecticut Integrated Pest Management IPM is the selection, integration and implementation of pest

More information

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002

FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO. Dual MAGNUM. EPA Reg. 100-816. EPA SLN No. OH-110002 FOR DISTRIBUTION AND USE ONLY WITHIN THE STATE OF OHIO Dual MAGNUM EPA Reg. 100-816 This label for Dual Magnum expires and must not be distributed or used in accordance with this SLN registration after

More information

Pest Toolkit. Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community. Help is at hand. Main topics: Pest Animal control. pest plant control

Pest Toolkit. Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community. Help is at hand. Main topics: Pest Animal control. pest plant control Pest Toolkit Pg1 Main topics: RPMP Pest proofing your land for a sustainable community Pg2 Pg3 Pg4 Pest Animal control pest plant control weed control in retirement areas Pests are unwanted plants (invasive

More information

April Maryland Grown: HOW WHAT WE GROW COMPARES WITH WHAT WE EAT

April Maryland Grown: HOW WHAT WE GROW COMPARES WITH WHAT WE EAT April 2015 Maryland Grown: HOW WHAT WE GROW COMPARES WITH WHAT WE EAT INTRODUCTION The USDA Census of Agriculture provides a wealth of data on what, where and how much land is farmed across the country.

More information

Healthy Landscapes for a Healthy Environment

Healthy Landscapes for a Healthy Environment Healthy Landscapes for a Healthy Environment Spring 2012 Insects, spiders, and other crawling or flying creatures are a vital part of healthy gardens. Most perform important jobs like pollinating flowers,

More information

Grasshopper and Bean Leaf Beetle

Grasshopper and Bean Leaf Beetle FS 905 Economic Thresholds in Soybeans Grasshopper and Bean Leaf Beetle Michael A. Catangui, Ph.D. Extension entomologist & assistant professor Plant Science Department South Dakota State University Economic

More information

Growing Vegetables at Home

Growing Vegetables at Home Visit us on the Web: www.gardeninghelp.org Growing Vegetables at Home Vegetable gardening is a rewarding hobby that has many benefits not the least of which is getting exercise and growing fresh food.

More information

Rediscovering Seed Saving

Rediscovering Seed Saving http://extension.umaine.edu/publications/2750e/ - Cooperative Extension Publications - http://umaine.edu/publications - Bulletin #2750, An Introduction to Seed Saving for the Home Gardener An Introduction

More information

Effect of Pesticide in soil 346 BOT

Effect of Pesticide in soil 346 BOT Effect of Pesticide in soil 346 BOT The most common chemicals involved in causing soil pollution are: Petroleum hydrocarbons Heavy metals Pesticides Solvents Soil pollutant any factor which deteriorates

More information

Pest Control - Biological Controls

Pest Control - Biological Controls Harvest For Life Pests out of Control That which the palmerworm hath left hath the locust eaten; and that which the locust hath left hath the cankerworm eaten; and that which the cankerworm hath left hath

More information

Calculating Recommended Fertilizer Rates for Vegetables Grown in Raised-Bed, Mulched Cultural Systems 1

Calculating Recommended Fertilizer Rates for Vegetables Grown in Raised-Bed, Mulched Cultural Systems 1 SL 303 Calculating Recommended Fertilizer Rates for Vegetables Grown in Raised-Bed, Mulched Cultural Systems 1 George Hochmuth and Edward Hanlon 2 polyethylene-mulched raised beds. This mulched cultural

More information

PEST MANAGEMENT (CSP Enhancements) January 2006 Enhancement Activity Task Sheet

PEST MANAGEMENT (CSP Enhancements) January 2006 Enhancement Activity Task Sheet Reduced risks to ground and surface water quality Lower costs by limiting chemical applications to only when necessary To learn more about Integrated Pest Management go to the following website: http://extension.usu.edu/files/gardpubs/ipm01.pdf

More information

Storage of Fruits and Vegetables

Storage of Fruits and Vegetables Visit us on the Web: www.gardeninghelp.org Storage of Fruits and Vegetables Year-long supplies of fresh food have been made possible by improvements in controlled storage conditions, shipping and importing.

More information

Custard apple information kit

Custard apple information kit information kit Reprint information current in 1998 REPRINT INFORMATION PLEASE READ! For updated information please call 13 25 23 or visit the website www.deedi.qld.gov.au This publication has been reprinted

More information

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality

Backyard Buffers. Protecting Habitat and Water Quality Backyard Buffers Protecting Habitat and Water Quality What is a buffer? A buffer (also called a riparian buffer area or zone) is the strip of natural vegetation along the bank of a stream, lake or other

More information

Cancer Treatment Centers of America Healthy Diet & Lifestyle for Cancer

Cancer Treatment Centers of America Healthy Diet & Lifestyle for Cancer Cancer Treatment Centers of America Healthy Diet & Lifestyle for Cancer Presented to: Juneau Community Presented by: Stephanie Paver, RD, CSO, CNSC Date: 7/15/13 Introduction Nutrition/Lifestyle matter

More information