Chapter 14. The Civil War

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Chapter 14. The Civil War"

Transcription

1 Chapter 14 The Civil War Essential Questions What conditions in the US led to the Civil War? Why did Texas choose to join the Confederate States of America? How did the Civil War and Reconstruction effect Texas?

2 A Nation Divided By 1860, nation was divided and many southern states were threatening to secede from Union Both sides were willing to fight for what they believed in war was looming Republican Party: formed in 1854 goal to stop western spread of slavery Rep party members thought slavery counter to democracy and American ideals Also wanted to end slavery in states where slavery already existed Supported economic change and a higher tariff Tariff: tax placed on imported or exported goods Tariff would help American industry in North by raising prices on competing imports

3 A Nation Divided, cont Most Texans were Democrats and were opposed to new Republican Party Thought that Republican tariff would destroy southern economy because it depended on foreign trade and slave labor Democrats wanted to prevent Republicans from gaining control of US government Debate between Dem/Rep lead to arguments over state s rights Many in south didn t think federal govt should have power to decide whether a state could have slavery or not Also, they thought each state should have right to withdraw from Union if citizens voted to Northern states disagreed and said that federal laws applied to all states and states could not legally separate from Union These topics were strongly debated in Presidential Election of 1860

4 Presidential Election of 1860 Democratic Party held convention on Charleston, SC to select Dem candidate even within the party, they couldn t agree on issue of slavery As a result, most southern delegates (including Texas) left convention on protest Remaining Democrats met in Baltimore, MD and selected Stephen A. Douglas (IL) as candidate for President Democratic delegates who left Charleston, selected current VP John Breckinridge as candidate Republican Party met in Chicago, IL and nominated Abraham Lincoln as their candidate

5 Presidential Election, cont Split in Democratic Party, gave Republican Party better chance to win Southern states threatened to secede from the union if Republican candidate won To prevent this, a new party was formed Constitutional Union Party selected John Bell of Tennessee as their candidate. Goal was to keep any of the 4 candidates from getting enough votes to win. Then, House of Representatives would have to choose new president Texas Governor Sam Houston wanted to keep Union together He wanted to be the Constitutional Union Party Candidate He didn t get nomination but he fought hard to keep Texas in Union didn t want war at all

6 Presidential Election, cont Texans voted for Breckinridge, then Bell, then Douglas (only 410 votes) Lincoln didn t receive any votes in Texas. His name wasn t even on ballot But, Lincoln received most Northern votes and won the election He became the 16 th president of the US

7 Reaction to Lincoln s Election Soon after Lincoln was elected, SC seceded from Union Then, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisiana seceded from Union They joined together as the Confederate States of America Many Texans wanted to secede, too They wanted a convention to vote on issue but Gov Sam Houston ignored request Other leaders formed the convention anyway and the delegates who would vote were elected

8 The Secession Convention in Texas Jan. 28, 1861: delegates met in Austin Elected Judge Oran M. Roberts of Texas Supreme Court as leader Meeting was very tense but outcome was clear they met to vote to secede They voted to adopt an Ordinance of Secession Ordinance: an official order

9 Secession Convention, cont Feb. 23, 1861: Texas citizens voted to approve the ordinance Some counties voted against the ordinance mostly where the German immigrants lived, some counties along Red River and in Angelina County (East Texas) The Texas Constitution of 1845 was changed to reflect Texas vote Revised constitution changed United States of America to Confederate States of America New constitution defended state s rights and slavery Stated that freeing slaves was illegal On March 2, 1861: Texas became 7 th state to secede from Union

10 Texas Secession Vote Map, 1861

11 Governor Houston s Response Sam Houston couldn t prevent secession He wanted Texas to remain independent and not join Confederacy but that didn t happen Texas was immediately accepted into the Confederacy During process of secession, Lincoln offered Houston federal troops to forcefully keep Texas in the Union Houston refused use of the troops He had fought for Texas and refused to fight against it The troops remained in Texas even though Houston refused to use them Dealing with the troops became first goal of new Confederate State of Texas

12 Governor Houston s Response, cont All Texas government officials had to take oath of office to the Confederacy but Sam Houston refused to take the oath When his name was called 3 times to take the oath, he sat silently and office of Governor of Texas was declared vacant Lieutenant Gov Edward Clark became the first ad interim governor of Confederate Texas After he was removed from office, he left Austin and went to Galveston for awhile. Then he went to Huntsville to his steamboat house (see p. 307) He died there on July 3, 1863 (70 yrs old)

13 Edward Clark John Breckinridge John Bell

14 Abraham Lincoln

15 Sam Houston cles/ccs06 /sh1.shtml places/

16 Organizing the Confederacy Francis R. Lubbock: Texas first Confederate governor Confederate President: Jefferson Davis 2700 Federal troops still stationed in Texas were asked to leave Confederate Brigadier General Ben McCulloch had to force federal soldiers out of Texas done peacefully

17 Organizing the Confederacy, con t All 11 Confederate States demanded that Union surrender all federal property in their states Many forts taken peacefully good for Confederate states because they got the supplies that were in forts Union troops refused to leave Fort Sumter, in Charleston, SC. Fighting broke out Civil War began in Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861

18 Military Strength of Texas About 60,000-70,000 Texas volunteers fought in Civil War Hood s Texas Brigade: sent to Virginia to fight; named after their commander, John Bell Hood Confederate General Robert E. Lee respected their courage and military ability; called them my Texans Terry s Texas Rangers: commanded by General Benjamin Frank Terry Ross s Brigade: commanded by General Lawrence Sul Ross Texans fought in the Army of Northern Virginia, the Army of Tennessee, and the Army of the Trans-Mississippi

19 Sending More Troops to Fight Texas had no more men who volunteered to fight so Texas started a draft: Draft: the enlisting of persons for required service in the armed forces The draft made people mad Didn t want to fight in war Exceptions: if owned more than 20 slaves didn t fight Draft threatened cotton production John Bankhead Magruder: commanded Texas troops during Civil War

20 Military Affairs in Texas During the Civil War, Texans expected Confederate soldiers to guard frontier But they couldn t too busy fighting Texans had to defend against Native Americans No major battles were fought in Texas During Civil War, most fighting in Texas was centered on keeping Gulf Coast ports open Texas called Storehouse of the Confederacy : supplied food, weapons, and supplies for Confederacy

21 Military Affairs, cont John R. Baylor: led troops into NM to claim as part of Confederacy General H. H. Sibley: led more Confederate troops into NM. Defeated Union at Valverde but lost at Battle of Glorieta. So, NM became Union again Battle of Galveston Island: Pres Lincoln ordered a blockade: Blockade: action to stop transportation of goods or people into or out of an area

22 Civil War Battles In or Near Texas

23 Battle of Galveston Island Supplies were shipped in and out of Galveston Bay Because of the blockade, Union troops captured the island wanted to use it as a base to guard Gulf of Mexico Texas General John B. Magruder launched attack to retake island on Jan 1, 1863 One group of Confederate soldiers sailed into Galveston Harbor on Cottonclads: flat bottom boats lined with bales of cotton to protect soldiers from bullets Another group of Confederate soldiers crossed railroad bridge from mainland Confederate forces took over Galveston Island and remained in control till end of Civil War

24 Other Military Campaigns Battle of Sabine Pass: Sept 8, 1863 Sabine Pass is narrow channel along border of Louisiana Union General Banks planned to move Union troops by ship up channel and then march north to cut of TX railroad connection to Louisiana But, Confederate Lieutenant Dick Dowling stationed his soldiers along channel When Banks ships entered channel, Confederate troops fired on them and sank 2 ships. No other Union ships tried to get through Confederacy won that battle

25 Other Military Campaigns, cont Union Gen Banks tried to get into Texas again by sending troops up Mississippi River and then up Red River he wanted to take over North Texas But, many Confederate soldiers met Union forces in Mansfield, LA (25 miles east of TX border) Smaller Confederate forces (led by General Richard Taylor) defeated Union forces and forced them to retreat Texas was safe from invasion

26 Other Military Campaigns, con t Battle of Sabine Pass, con t Confederate forces under command of John Rip Ford and Santos Benavides took over area on July 30, 1864 On May 13, 1865, Union forces fought Confederate troops in a land battle at Palmito Ranch. Confederates won battle but war was actually already over General Robert E. Lee had already surrendered by the time the Battle at Palmito Ranch was fought

27 Other Military Campaigns, con t Battle of Dove Creek: Jan 8, Kickapoos were migrating from Kansas to Mexico 160 Confederate soldiers thought they were Comanches and Kiowas 22 Confederate soldiers killed 14 Indians

28 Other Military Campaigns, cont Battle at Palmito Ranch: last land battle of Civil War fought at Palmito Ranch in South Texas near Brownsville on May 12, 1865 Union blockade of southern ports forced Confederate troops to find another way to get cotton out and supplies in Cotton transported through Brownsville to Mexican port of Matamoros. Then it was loaded on ships for Europe not affected by blockade But, in Nov, 1863, Union forces took over Brownsville to try to enforce the blockade

29 Civil War started: April 12, 1861 Facts Confederate (South) President: Jefferson Davis General in Charge: Robert E. Lee Union (North/US) President: Abraham Lincoln General in Charge: Ulysses S. Grant Civil War ended: April 9, 1865 Pres Lincoln Assassinated : April 14, Confederate States: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia

30 Terry s Texas Rangers Benjamin Frank Terry Terry s Brigade Sul Ross

31 The Effects of War Read: A Real Life Story p. 315 Read: Women in Combat p. 315 Because no major battles were fought in Texas, land didn t suffer as much damage as other southern states But, many Texans fought in the war left behind families, homes, job more work left to do for those left behind

32 The Effects of War, cont Problems after the war: Tensions between those who supported Confederacy and those who supported Union Union blockades reduced sale of farm products (cotton) and the economy suffered Supplies in Texas were scarce

33 Union Supporters in Texas Most supported Confederacy but about ¼ were against secession remained loyal to Union during Civil War North Texas: in 1862, Texans who opposed Confederate draft formed a secret society called the Peace Party Confederate supporters thought Peace Party would help Union defeat Confederacy Some vigilantes took matters into their own hands by hanging 40 members of the Peace Party at Gainesville to stop support of Union Vigilantes: people who punished criminals or took control without authority to do so

34 Union Supporters, cont German Texans: some supported Union/opposed slavery and some supported slavery depended on where they lived some fought for Confederacy Opposition to Confederate Draft caused some German Texans to organize a Union Loyal League to serve in Union army Led by Major Fritz Tegner, left Texas to join Union army But, some Confederate soldiers led by Lieutenant CD McRae followed them

35 Union Supporters, con t McRae s men caught up with German Texans at Nueces River they fought in the Battle of the Nueces Many Union German Texans died or were executed Some survivors reached Union troops in New Orleans A monument was built in Comfort, TX to honor the Germans & one Mexican American who died fighting for Union

36 Wartime Economy During War, Texans still grew cotton and raised cattle but the agriculture was greatly affected By blockades ports for shipping closed Union victories along Mississippi River closed land routes Texans couldn t sell cotton Farmers started growing more wheat and corn instead of cotton

37 Wartime Economy, cont Women took over men s jobs Stores, post offices, farms, plantations, ranches, teachers, doctors, factories Weapons factory in Austin and Tyler made 800 weapons/month Iron furnaces opened in East Texas Prisoners in Huntsville made clothes Women made bandages and clothes for soldiers Sent boxes filled with food and supplies to troops

38 Wartime Economy, cont Because Union blockades kept goods from entering or leaving Confederate states, people couldn t sell as much so weren t making as much money But, expenses were going up taxes went up to support war Confederate money lost value See Linking History to Economics about prices: p. 318

39 Home Front Hardships Because of blockades, many items were in short supply Clothes, shoes Medicines and hospital supplies they were sent to battlefield instead of towns Paper some newspapers stopped publishing People got creative: brewed acorns or corn to drink instead of coffee; used honey instead of sugar, herbs instead of medicine

40 Refugees During war, thousands of slaves were sent to Texas from other states Slave owners hoped that would prevent them from running away or being taken away Many slave owners came to Texas with their slaves not happy to be there Read Texas voices p. 318 about Kate Stone

41 The War s End April 9, 1865: Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia. This ended war the Civil War Some fighting still continued, though, as it took time for word to spread that war was over June 2, 1865: Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith signed official surrender of Trans-Mississippi area which included Texas 2 months after Lee surrendered Soldiers went home to families Much of the old Southern Way of life had ended Much uncertainty nobody knew what to expect next

The Civil War 1861 1863

The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War was a fight between the United States of America (the North) and the Confederate States of America (the South). It began after the 1860 Presidential Election. The

More information

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection.

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection. U.S. History to 1865 Study Guide HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE STANDARDS OF LEARNING CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK 2008 (NEW) Reformatted version created by SOLpass www.solpass.org STANDARD USI.9A ISSUES DIVIDING

More information

The Civil War. Chapter 15

The Civil War. Chapter 15 The Civil War Chapter 15 The Anaconda Plan (Winfield Scott Essentially a siege Hoped for southern unionists to retake control of their governments Not practical because of lack of ships The war unfolded

More information

CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: What Do You Know? KWL Chart... 2 Vocabulary Builder Activity... 2 Hands-On Chapter Project: Toward Civil War...

CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: What Do You Know? KWL Chart... 2 Vocabulary Builder Activity... 2 Hands-On Chapter Project: Toward Civil War... Table of Contents CHAPTER-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: What Do You Know? KWL Chart... 2 Vocabulary Builder Activity... 2 Hands-On Chapter Project: Toward Civil War... 2 LESSON-LEVEL ACTIVITIES: Guided Reading: Lesson

More information

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date:

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. World Book Student Database Name: Date: American Civil War: Battles Have you ever visited a battlefield from the Civil war or any

More information

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War Chapter 15, Section 5 Turning the tide of the War Battles General Battles Result Ambrose Burnside Fredericksburg (C/S) The Union suffered 13,000 losses Joseph Hooker Chancellorsville (C/S) Union force

More information

Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution

Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution Chapter 6 Major Battles of the Texas Revolution Lesson1: The Battle of Gonzalez Lesson 2: The Battle of the Alamo Lesson 3: The Battle of San Jacinto Lesson 1: Revolution Begins Pages 170-176 Reasons

More information

The Birth of the Republican Party. Main Idea The issue of slavery dominated U.S. politics in the 1850s.

The Birth of the Republican Party. Main Idea The issue of slavery dominated U.S. politics in the 1850s. 10-3 The Birth of the Republican Party Main Idea The issue of slavery dominated U.S. politics in the 1850s. Differences Between North and South North South North economy based on manufacturing and industrialization

More information

Student Worksheet #1

Student Worksheet #1 Student Worksheet #1 Regional Differences between the North and South at the Time of the Civil War Listed below are human factors and ideas that identified the regions of the North and South during the

More information

Sam Houston, 1793-1863: An Early Leader of Texas

Sam Houston, 1793-1863: An Early Leader of Texas 12 November 2011 voaspecialenglish.com Sam Houston, 1793-1863: An Early Leader of Texas Cavalry soldiers line up at Fort Sam Houston, Texas loc.gov (You can download an MP3 of this story at voaspecialenglish.com)

More information

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War

The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War The Making of a Nation: The French and Indian War During the eighteenth century, Spain, France, and Britain controlled land in North America. Spain controlled Florida. France was powerful in the northern

More information

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson

Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Chapter 9: The Policies of Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson Department of State, Department of Treasury, Department of War, Attorney General, Postmaster General : 5 government departments established

More information

CLE On-Demand. View and record the Secret Words. Print this form and write down all the secret Words during the program:

CLE On-Demand. View and record the Secret Words. Print this form and write down all the secret Words during the program: 21 Winthrop Road Lawrenceville, N.J. 08648 (609) 895-0046 (609) 895-1899 Fax www.gardenstatecle.com atty2starz@aol.com CLE On-Demand View and record the Secret Words Print this form and write down all

More information

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10

The Age of Jackson. Chapter 10 Chapter 10 The Age of Jackson Main Idea The Election of 1824 electoral changes The Election of 1828 Democratic Republicans Details/Notes Henry Clay of Kentucky, Andrew Jackson of Tennessee, and John Quincy

More information

Remember the Alamo. The Changing Border of the Southwest

Remember the Alamo. The Changing Border of the Southwest Remember the Alamo The Changing Border of the Southwest Interact: What do you think this picture shows? In the year 1820, the new country of the United States and the newer country of Mexico had a lot

More information

Civil War Lesson #1: The Road to War

Civil War Lesson #1: The Road to War Civil War Lesson #1: The Road to War Major Topics: Slavery States Rights Sectional Differences How did slavery cause the Civil War? This first lesson centers on one of the most significant and contested

More information

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area?

How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? How appealing is the idea of packing up all of your belongings and moving to a new area? A. Very appealing B. Somewhat appealing C. Somewhat unappealing D. Very unappealing A. A B. B C. C D. D Chapter

More information

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10

THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 THE JEFFERSON ERA CHAPTER 10 ELECTION OF 1800 FEDERALISTS- JOHN ADAMS DEMOCRATIC REPUBLICANS- JEFFERSON JEFFERSON ARGUED THAT GOVERNMENT WAS GETTING OUT OF CONTROL (EX: ALIEN SEDITION ACTS) FEDERALISTS

More information

The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860-1868. General Background Knowledge for Political Cartoons

The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860-1868. General Background Knowledge for Political Cartoons The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860-1868 General Background Knowledge for Political Cartoons Storming the Castle (1860) In order to understand this cartoon, students should know: Who ran in the 1860

More information

5th social studies core skills (5thsocstud_coreskills)

5th social studies core skills (5thsocstud_coreskills) Name: Date: 1. On July 4, 1852 a writer was asked to speak at an Independence Day celebration in Rochester, New York. Below is a part of his speech. Fellow citizens Pardon me, and allow me to ask, why

More information

West Virginia: 150 Years of Statehood Chapter 12: The Civil War and West Virginia's Statehood Movement

West Virginia: 150 Years of Statehood Chapter 12: The Civil War and West Virginia's Statehood Movement Name:Class:_Date: West Virginia: 150 Years of Statehood Chapter 12: The Civil War and West Virginia's Statehood Movement True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. The main reason the

More information

JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review

JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review JFK, LBJ, Vietnam Test Review What program did Nixon implement when he was trying to withdraw American troops from Vietnam by making the South Vietnamese army take more responsibility for fighting the

More information

CIVIL WAR. Document Based Question

CIVIL WAR. Document Based Question CIVIL WAR Document Based Question PART B WRITTEN RESPONSE DIRECTIONS: Write a well organized essay that includes a strong introduction, body (topic and closing sentence for each paragraph), and conclusion

More information

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6

The Age of Jefferson. Topic: Ch. 6 Topic: Ch. 6 Main Idea Election of 1800 Aaron Burr Laissez-faire John Marshall Mississippi River Fletcher v. Peck Louisiana Territory Louisiana Purchase The Age of Jefferson Details/Notes In this election,

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 6: TELESCOPING THE TIMES Launching the New Nation CHAPTER OVERVIEW As the new government takes hold, the United States sees the growth of political parties. A land purchase

More information

Emancipation Proclamation Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Did Lincoln free the slaves or did the slaves free themselves?

Emancipation Proclamation Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Did Lincoln free the slaves or did the slaves free themselves? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Did Lincoln free the slaves or did the slaves free themselves? Materials: United Streaming Video Segment: (from American Experience: Ulysses S. Grant: The Warrior:

More information

civil war hall of fame

civil war hall of fame Name Date civil war hall of fame LESSONS 3 6 General Winfield Scott Brigadier General Irvin McDowell Brigadier General Joseph Johnston Stonewall Jackson 3 3 3 3 George McClellan General Albert Sidney Johnston

More information

Fighting Words: Causes of the American Civil War

Fighting Words: Causes of the American Civil War Fighting Words: Causes of the American Civil War Historical Background Events related to westward expansion led to the Civil War including the Missouri Compromise, the annexation of Texas, the Compromise

More information

EXAMPLE: "Reading Passages" from: EDU108 - "Alamo Chocolate Pot" Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain

EXAMPLE: Reading Passages from: EDU108 - Alamo Chocolate Pot Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain EXAMPLE: "Reading Passages" from: EDU108 - "Alamo Chocolate Pot" Art InHistory's Lesson Plans all feature thematic reading passages which contain content on the time period, key people, historical events,

More information

Find Fredericksburg, Washington, DC, and Richmond on your map of Virginia and circle these locations.

Find Fredericksburg, Washington, DC, and Richmond on your map of Virginia and circle these locations. Animated Map Activity Go to the animated map of Fredericksburg on the Civil War Trust s website, www.civilwar.org. Fill in your paper and maps as you watch the animated map. You will need markers and colored

More information

Standard 2 Moving West!

Standard 2 Moving West! Standard 2 Moving West! The student will demonstrate an understanding of how economic developments and the westward movement impacted regional differences and democracy in the early nineteenth century

More information

Abraham Lincoln Pre-Test

Abraham Lincoln Pre-Test Pre-Test Directions: Circle the letter next to the statement that correctly finishes the sentence. 1. was born a. in a log cabin in Kentucky in 1809. b. in a hospital in Springfield, Illinois in 1865.

More information

Reasons for U.S. Involvement in War

Reasons for U.S. Involvement in War Reasons for U.S. Involvement in War The United States has waged several wars throughout its history. These wars have in some ways differed drastically. For example, during the Revolutionary War, cannons

More information

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion.

Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier. The white settlers moving west into land that Native Americans lived : westward expansion. Chapter 10: How Americans Settled the Frontier Multiple Perspectives and the Idea of a Frontier Frontier : The land west of where most white settlers lived. Native Americans lived on the frontier. The

More information

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V.

Read 266 270 Copy down below graphic organizer and list 3 significant powers added to the Judicial Branch. Marbury V. Jefferson Charts a New Course CREATE A TWO COLUMN *Jefferson s first goal limit the federal gov t s power over states and citizens. *Jefferson thought the federal gov t under Washington and Adams had become

More information

Civil War. The. Texans voted to join the Confederate States of America. Galveston taken by Union forces. The Civil War began

Civil War. The. Texans voted to join the Confederate States of America. Galveston taken by Union forces. The Civil War began The Civil War Why It Matters Most Texans did not support the Union. They felt isolated from decision makers in faraway Washington, D.C. The Confederacy promised to preserve their way of life. This way

More information

Goals: Standards: Objective:

Goals: Standards: Objective: Title: North VS. South: The Causes of the Civil War Grade Level: 3 rd grade Subject Matter: Social Studies Target Audience: Small group Time Frame: 40-50 minutes Taught by: Lynnsey Fisher Goals: Standards:

More information

#20 in notebook WHAT EVENTS LED TO THE CHEROKEE REMOVAL?

#20 in notebook WHAT EVENTS LED TO THE CHEROKEE REMOVAL? #20 in notebook WHAT EVENTS LED TO THE CHEROKEE REMOVAL? I. BACKGROUND 1733 Georgia was founded. Colonists were welcomed by Tomochichi, a Yamacraw Indian. Most of Georgia was inhabited by Indians. 1838

More information

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION American Strengths and Weaknesses Patriotism Help from French George Washington Small army and short of soldiers Few trained for battle Army plagued by shortage of guns, gunpowder,

More information

The 13 American Colonies Part 1: Coming to America

The 13 American Colonies  Part 1: Coming to America The 13 American Colonies Name: http://www.socialstudiesforkids.com/articles/ushistory/13colonies3.htm Part 1: Coming to America The first colonies in North America were along the eastern coast. Settlers

More information

Chapter 13, Section 4: The Mexican War

Chapter 13, Section 4: The Mexican War Chapter 13, Section 4: The Mexican War In this section we will: explain how the United States gained Oregon & Texas Name the new lands the United States acquired as a result of the Mexican War. Describe

More information

Causes of the American Revolution

Causes of the American Revolution Causes of the American Revolution SWBAT Explain the causes of the American Revolution Do Now The Townshend Act fixed taxes on which item: A.Tea B. Glass C. Lead D.All of the Above The Albany Conference

More information

8th Social Studies Test B

8th Social Studies Test B 8th Social Studies B Practice Name: Instructions: Copyright 2000-2002 Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved : 8th Social Studies B Practice 1. Which is a correct statement about the Supreme Court s Dred

More information

Slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address

Slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address Non-fiction: Slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address Slavery, the Civil War, and Reconstruction Gettysburg and the Gettysburg Address In the summer of 1863, Southern

More information

Civil War Webquest. Civil War. Webquest

Civil War Webquest. Civil War. Webquest Civil War Webquest Introduction: Welcome to the Civil War Webquest. By completing this webquest, you will have viewed many wonderful cites on the Civil War that will teach you many things. Make sure that

More information

The Election of 1860 By Ron Miller - Jewett Academy

The Election of 1860 By Ron Miller - Jewett Academy The Election of 1860 By Ron Miller - Jewett Academy I. Lesson Summary Summary The Election of 1860 demonstrated the divisions within the United States just before the Civil War. The election was unusual

More information

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation

Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Test: US History Chapter 9 Test Date: 12/10/2010 Time: 20:36:40 America/New_York User: sarverr IP: 184.88.59.210 Test Pilot Submission Confirmation Thank you for your submission! E-Mail notification to

More information

Chapter 11 Section 1 Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles

Chapter 11 Section 1 Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles Chapter 11 Section 1 Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles How did each side s resources and strategies affect the early battles of the war? When the Civil War began, the North and South each had important

More information

U.S. Support of the War at Home and Abroad

U.S. Support of the War at Home and Abroad U.S. Support of the War at Home and Abroad The Main Idea As the United States sent increasing numbers of troops to defend South Vietnam, some Americans began to question the war. Content Statement/Learning

More information

The Causes of the French and Indian War

The Causes of the French and Indian War The Causes of the French and Indian War The End of the French Threat 1. relations between England & the colonies had been positive until the 1760s 2. England & France were the two main rivals for leadership

More information

Chapter 15: The South After the Civil War

Chapter 15: The South After the Civil War Chapter 15: The South After the Civil War The Economy of the South After the Civil War Three reasons the economy of the South was not very strong before the Civil War 1. Profits were made because labor

More information

The Civil War: A Nation Divided: Teacher s Guide

The Civil War: A Nation Divided: Teacher s Guide The Civil War: A Nation Divided: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: U.S. History Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description Explore the social and economic forces that shaped

More information

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST

MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST MINNESOTA CIVICS TEST The following 50 questions which serve as the Minnesota's civics test were selected from the 100 questions used for the naturalization test administered by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration

More information

Second Grade Civil War Assessment

Second Grade Civil War Assessment Second Grade Civil War Assessment 1a. Who fought in the Civil War? a. The British and the Americans b. The North and the South of the United States 1b. Who fought in the Civil War? a. The British and the

More information

AFRICAN-AMERICAN CONTRIBUTIONS SERIES presented by BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee THE COLOR OF BLOOD TIME LINE OF MILITARY INTEGRATION

AFRICAN-AMERICAN CONTRIBUTIONS SERIES presented by BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee THE COLOR OF BLOOD TIME LINE OF MILITARY INTEGRATION AFRICAN-AMERICAN CONTRIBUTIONS SERIES presented by BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee THE COLOR OF BLOOD TIME LINE OF MILITARY INTEGRATION 1639 The Virginia House of Burgesses passed the first legislation

More information

Off To War! Author s Note: Personally, discovering that the Swamp Fox used tactics that were once used on him, is amazing. Fascinating really!

Off To War! Author s Note: Personally, discovering that the Swamp Fox used tactics that were once used on him, is amazing. Fascinating really! SM Francis Marion was born in 1732 in Berkeley County, South Carolina. His family owned a plantation in Berkeley County, and Francis was the youngest of the children. At age 15, young Francis Marion joined

More information

Chapter 3: The English Colonies

Chapter 3: The English Colonies Chapter 3: The English Colonies Section 1: The Southern Colonies Settlement in Jamestown In 1605 a company of English merchants asked King James I for the right to found, or establish, a settlement. In

More information

GOAL 2 LESSON PLAN ELEMENTARY 1861: The Country Goes to War

GOAL 2 LESSON PLAN ELEMENTARY 1861: The Country Goes to War GRADES: Elementary GOAL 2 LESSON PLAN ELEMENTARY 1861: The Country Goes to War APPROXIMATE LENGTH OF TIME: 55 minutes GOAL: Students will be able to describe the state of the nation and sequence the first

More information

Activity One Mapping Activity

Activity One Mapping Activity Activity One Mapping Activity There were many battles that took place during the American Civil War. Listed below are ten different battles. Investigate where each battle look place. Then label the map

More information

Challenges to the New Government

Challenges to the New Government Challenges to the New Government challenge #1 Debt, debt, debt The new government was in debt, and something had to be done about it. Washington did something that many people would not like? He raised

More information

The North vs. South. Chapter 19 Notes

The North vs. South. Chapter 19 Notes The North vs. South Chapter 19 Notes Similarities Language Religious beliefs and houses of worship Pride for the U.S. Belief in Democracy Geography North 4 seasons- cold winters Many bays- good harbors

More information

Overview. Mission Gate, ca. late 1700s Courtesy Texas Archeological Research Labs. Photo by Hunt Wellborn

Overview. Mission Gate, ca. late 1700s Courtesy Texas Archeological Research Labs. Photo by Hunt Wellborn H C H A P T E R t h r e e H immigration Overview Chapter 3: Immigration covers many groups involved in the early colonization of Texas: farmers, ranchers, soldiers, missionaries, and slaves. Exhibits in

More information

The Constitutional Convention

The Constitutional Convention The Constitutional Convention Overview The American Revolution ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783 but the nation s problems were not solved by a long way. The first government, created by the Articles

More information

Chapter 27: Americans in World War II

Chapter 27: Americans in World War II Chapter 27: Americans in World War II 1941-1945 Section 1: Early Difficulties Objective 1: Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the Allied and Axis Powers in 1941. Objectives 2: Outline the steps that

More information

GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES. History

GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES. History GRADE 7 SOCIAL STUDIES History Standard 1 Historical Thinking Skills Students use information and concepts to interpret, analyze, and draw conclusions about United States history from 1763 1877. 7.1.1

More information

Thomas Jefferson. USA: 3 rd President

Thomas Jefferson. USA: 3 rd President Thomas Jefferson USA: 3 rd President 1. Background and Education Father: Peter Jefferson Like most sons of land owners, he studied land surveying Graduated from William and Mary University in Williamsburg,

More information

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era

Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Ch. 5 : The Federalist Era Main Idea George Washington The First Congress Thomas Jefferson Details/Notes The first President of the United States. As president, he issued a Proclamation of Neutrality and

More information

USA - A Divided Union? - African American Civil Rights

USA - A Divided Union? - African American Civil Rights USA - A Divided Union? - African American Civil Rights In 1865 slaves the Southern states of America were freed - however African Americans across America continued to face discrimination, especially in

More information

Bernardo de Galvez - Revolutionary War

Bernardo de Galvez - Revolutionary War Bernardo de Galvez - Revolutionary War Standards: 1. History. The student understands the impact of significant national and international decisions and conflicts during the American Revolutionary War.

More information

Social Studies / History Activity. Life on the Home Front

Social Studies / History Activity. Life on the Home Front Social Studies / History Activity Life on the Home Front Background Task The Civil War impacted the lives of every American. As husbands, sons and loved ones left the home for war women were required to

More information

Document-Based Activities

Document-Based Activities ACTIVITY 5 Document-Based Activities The Civil War Using Source Materials HISTORICAL CONTEXT By 1860 the northern and southern states were sharply divided over a number of issues, including slavery. The

More information

End of Spanish Rule. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain Closes East Texas Missions

End of Spanish Rule. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain Closes East Texas Missions End of Spanish Rule Spanish Texas 1763-1819 Treaty of Paris of 1763: Great Britain gained Canada and all of French land east of the Mississippi River (except New Orleans) Treaty of Paris of 1763: Boundary

More information

Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and the Importance of Railroads

Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and the Importance of Railroads Lesson provided by: Eric Emmett, Ashworth Middle School: Gordon County Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and the Importance of Railroads Intended Setting An eighth grade Georgia social studies classroom utilizing

More information

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796.

Unit 2: Creating a Nation. U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. Unit 2: Creating a Nation U. S. History from 1750 to 1796. The French vs. English imperial competition for the Ohio river Valley resulted in series of wars that culminated in The French and Indian War

More information

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia.

Chapter 22: World War I. Four most powerful European nations in the early 1900s were Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia. Chapter 22: World War I The Beginnings of World War I World War I was fought from 1914-1918. United States entered World War I in 1917. The Origins of Europe s Great War Nationalism Four most powerful

More information

WAR HORSES. The American Revolution

WAR HORSES. The American Revolution WAR HORSES The American Revolution The American Revolution, otherwise known as the Revolutionary War, occurred between 1775 and 1783 between Great Britain and the original thirteen colonies in the Americas.

More information

TEACHER S GUIDE. Pre-Game Activity: Cause and Effect. MISSION 2: Flight to Freedom

TEACHER S GUIDE. Pre-Game Activity: Cause and Effect. MISSION 2: Flight to Freedom A Note to the Educator In addition to supporting a variety of National Standards listed elsewhere in the classroom materials, MISSION US: Flight to Freedom provides teachers and students with an opportunity

More information

Early Explorers. Fourth Grade Social Studies Quiz. Vicki Uebele. Read each question carefully. Read the four answer choices. Mark the best answer.

Early Explorers. Fourth Grade Social Studies Quiz. Vicki Uebele. Read each question carefully. Read the four answer choices. Mark the best answer. Name: Instructions: Read each question carefully. Read the four answer choices. Mark the best answer. Copyright 2000-2002 Measured Progress, All Rights Reserved : 1. A settlement at Jamestown was started

More information

the Native American Indians. Crockett served as a scout and a hunter for the army.

the Native American Indians. Crockett served as a scout and a hunter for the army. www.k5learning.com Objective sight words (motto, scout, politician, legislature, autobiography, narrative, Bowie knife, folk hero, feud, incident, pneumonia, confined); concepts (the destiny of three influential

More information

Readers Theatre Gettysburg and Mr. Lincoln s Speech

Readers Theatre Gettysburg and Mr. Lincoln s Speech 245 Resource 17: Readers Theatre Gettysburg and Mr. Lincoln s Speech Gettysburg and Mr. Lincoln s Speech Script developed by Rasinski, T. (2004). Kent State University. 1304.109h/326.091 Parts (5): Narrators

More information

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. By: Lorin Murphy This book belongs to: Fun Facts About Franklin He was President of the United States longer than any other President.

More information

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies.

Unit 2 Review Game. 3. Name 1 way the French & Indian War changed the relationship between Britain and their American colonies. Unit 2 Review Game 1. Two part question: (a) What caused the French & Indian War? (b) Name the two European nations that fought in the French & Indian War. 2. Two part question: (a) What was the name of

More information

Chapter 8, Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase. Pages 272-277

Chapter 8, Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase. Pages 272-277 Chapter 8, Section 2 The Louisiana Purchase Pages 272-277 American Settlers Move West By the early 1800s, thousands of Americans settle in the area between the Appalachians and the Mississippi River. Kentucky,

More information

Westward Expansion Test

Westward Expansion Test Westward Expansion Test 1. Name four famous pioneers of the Westward Expansion. (4) 2. Daniel Boone was an early pioneer of what state? (1) 3. What were the names of the road Daniel Boone forged and his

More information

How successful was the Civil Rights campaign in achieving its aims between 1950 and 1965? I have a dream...

How successful was the Civil Rights campaign in achieving its aims between 1950 and 1965? I have a dream... How successful was the Civil Rights campaign in achieving its aims between 1950 and 1965? I have a dream... Civil Rights Aims Desegregation Voting Rights Civil Rights End to Discrimination Methods Legal

More information

The Spread of Roman Power

The Spread of Roman Power The Spread of the Roman Republic The Spread of Roman Power Roman legions fight to expand the empire Controlled central Italy by 390 BC Were defeated an had Rome destroyed by the Gauls They rebuilt and

More information

U.S. History Final Exam Study Guide

U.S. History Final Exam Study Guide U.S. History Final Exam Study Guide Define the following terms: abolitionist: Person who wanted to end slavery in the United States amend: To change or modify something bill: A proposed law bond: Certificate

More information

The American Revolution

The American Revolution Main Idea The American Revolution Enlightenment ideas led to revolution, independence, and a new government for the United States. Content Statement 6/Learning Goal Describe how Enlightenment thinkers

More information

Georgia Studies. Unit 6: Early 20 th Century Georgia. Lesson 2: World War II. Study Presentation

Georgia Studies. Unit 6: Early 20 th Century Georgia. Lesson 2: World War II. Study Presentation Georgia Studies Unit 6: Early 20 th Century Georgia Lesson 2: World War II Study Presentation Lesson 2: World War II ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How do acts of aggression influence public sentiment toward conflict?

More information

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR

Note Taking Study Guide ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR SECTION 1 ORIGINS OF THE VIETNAM WAR Focus Question: Why did the United States become involved in Vietnam? As you read, describe the Vietnam policies of Presidents Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson.

More information

Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies

Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies Chapter 2 Democracy in the colonies Learning Objectives Explain how self-government got its start in the colonies Explain the purpose of the Mayflower Compact. Describe the ways the Pilgrims practiced

More information

The Election of 1860 Role Play

The Election of 1860 Role Play Kean Collection/Getty Images The Election of 1860 Role Play Most people share an over-simplified version of the causes of the Civil War: slavery was horrible; President Abraham Lincoln was a great man

More information

Title: Document by which land was conveyed from the public domain into private ownership. Titles were issued by the governments of Spain and Mexico.

Title: Document by which land was conveyed from the public domain into private ownership. Titles were issued by the governments of Spain and Mexico. Categories of Land Grants in Texas The successive governments of Texas, the Crown of Spain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, and the State of Texas, all issued land grants in Texas under their various laws

More information

Sectionalism, Popular Sovereignty, and Secession

Sectionalism, Popular Sovereignty, and Secession Sectionalism, Popular Sovereignty, and Secession Lesson Plans GRADES: MIDDLE AND HIGH SCHOOL Kansas Standards Kansas History Standards (Middle and High School): KH8B3I3 describe the influence of pro- and

More information

Wisconsin and the Civil War

Wisconsin and the Civil War 7 Wisconsin: Our State, Our Story Wisconsin and the Civil War In this chapter, students focus on the upheaval brought on by the events associated with the Civil War. Brought home are questions about slavery

More information

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND

SEPT. 1, 1939 GERMANY INVADED POLAND WORLD WAR II 5-4.4: Explain the principal events related to the involvement of the United States in World War II, including campaigns in North Africa and the Mediterranean; major battles of the European

More information

America Revolution. Battles

America Revolution. Battles America Revolution Battles Paul Revere s Ride American Patriots Paul Revere and two other riders were dispatched and gave warning to towns around Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts to form militias that

More information

Name: Abraham Lincoln. by Cynthia Sherwood

Name: Abraham Lincoln. by Cynthia Sherwood We know him as Honest Abe, born in a log cabin. Abraham Lincoln was the sixteenth president of the United States. Every year on Presidents Day, we honor him as one of the greatest in our country s history.

More information

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved.

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. AP US History Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 Era of American Revolution 1. Lord Cornwallis did which of the following? A. He organized French assistance. B. He commanded

More information

Second Grade The War of 1812 Assessment

Second Grade The War of 1812 Assessment Second Grade The War of 1812 Assessment 1a. Who was president during the War of 1812? a. George Washington b. James Madison 1b. Who was president during the War of 1812? a. George Washington b. James Madison

More information