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1 NAME: 7th GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET, PART I: ROMAN & GREEK GODS & GODDESSES Who was the Roman counterpart of: Apollo Aphrodite Ares Artemis Athena Demeter Dionysus Hades Hephaestus Hera Hermes Hestia Poseidon Zeus Who was the? Goddess of the moon and the hunt; twin sister of Apollo God of the sun, patron of truth, archery, music, medicine, & prophecy God of war Goddess of love and beauty God of the sea and earthquakes God of orators, writers; protector of thieves & mischief-makers; messenger God; son of Zeus God of fire and artisans; creator of Pandora; husband of Aphrodite Goddess of wisdom & war; patron Goddess of Athens; daughter of Zeus God of the underworld; husband of Persephone Goddess of marriage and the home; wife of Zeus God of fertility; life, hospitality, parties, and wine Goddess of crops and harvest PART VII: ANCIENT ROME Rome was given its name by? April 21, 753 BC is the date for? Where were Romulus and Remus abandoned? The hill where the Latins settled was the?

2 What were the seven hills of Rome? Where did the Etruscans settle circa 800 BC? Who was the first Etruscan ruler of Rome? Who was the last Etruscan ruler of Rome? PART II: THE ROMAN REPUBLIC The Government of the Roman Republic was headed by? What groups made up the Government of the Roman Republic? Roman Laws were written down in what? Who were the wealthy class? Who were the lower class? Who were the Roman reformers? What did each reformer do to try to fix things in the Roman Republic? The First Triumvirate consisted of? Crossing the Rubicon was about what event? Julius Caesar was declared what? In Shakespeare s play, who said Et tu Brute? To whom did he say it and why? Who was Julius Caesar assassinated by? When was Julius Caesar assassinated? The Second Triumvirate consisted of? What was the goal of the Second Triumvirate? Why wasn t Octavian assassinated like Julius Caesar was? PART III: THE PUNIC WARS How many Punic Wars were there? Who were the Punic Wars fought between? General Hannibal Barca was from where? Who defeated General Hannibal Barca? After the Punic Wars, what happened to Carthage? PART IV: THE ROMAN EMPIRE Who was the 1st Emperor of Rome? What were Augustus Caesar s contributions? In what year were Christians blamed for a fire that burned Rome? Who was the Emperor during the fire that burned Rome? Why were the Christians blamed for the fire in Rome? Who was Augustus Caesar s adopted son? Who was Rome s first non-roman Emperor? Who was the Emperor who ordered the construction of the Colosseum? Who was the Emperor when Mt. Vesuvius erupted? Who wrote about the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius?

3 Under which Emperor did the Empire reach its largest size? Which Roman Emperor divided the Empire into an eastern & western half? Which city was the capital of the western Roman Empire? Which city was the capital of the eastern Roman Empire? What did Constantine contribute? Who were the Emperors of the Antonine Dynasty (the adopted Emperors or the good Emperors)? Who were the Emperors of the Julio-Claudian dynasty? Why was there so much blood shed for the title of Emperor? Who made Christianity the only legal, official religion of the Roman Empire? Who was the last Emperor of the western Roman Empire? What caused the collapse of the Western Roman Empire? Give 3 reasons. Who ruled Rome in 476 AD? PART V: CHRISTIANITY What did the Edict of Milan do? Who was St. Patrick? What were the five most important Archbishops called? Who did Latin-speaking Christians believe was the head of the church? Who did Greek-speaking Christians believe was the head of the church? What did the Latin-speaking Christians establish? What did the Greek-speaking Christians establish? Why did Christianity spread? Why did the Roman Emperors consider Christianity a threat? PART VI: GERMANIC INVASIONS Who were the Germanic tribes? Who was King Clovis? What was Charles Martel also known as? Who did Charles Martel defeat and at what battle? Why was that battle important to Christianity? Charlemagne s name means Charles the? What was Charlemagne s title? Why was Charlemagne unhappy that the Pope crowned him Holy Roman Emperor? What did the Germanic rulers use to unite people? What was the relationship between the Pope and the Frankish Kings? PART VII: THE VIKINGS Where did the Vikings establish kingdoms? What were the Runes?

4 Who were the Berserkers? Calling a Viking man beardless was considered what? What was the ultimate (worst) Viking punishment? Vikings were raiders and what else? Why did the Vikings attack the monasteries? PART VIII: THE MIDDLE AGES What were the steps to knighthood? A Knight promised to follow the Code of what? The Black Death killed approximately how many people? Who were the nobles? Who were the peasants? Who was responsible for copying books during Medieval Times? What did the King, Lords/Nobles. Knights, and Peasants all do for each other? What were the Crusades? Name 2 defensive structures of a castle. Why did people look to the local lords for protection during the Middle Ages? PART XV: TIMELINES Be able to organize dates chronologically. For example: 1 AD, 1 BC, 30 AD, 30 BC What is AD the same as? What is BC the same as? What EVENT separates prehistoric times from historic times? What EVENT separates BC from AD? What EVENT marks the end of the Middle Ages?

5 Place these events in chronological order: Charlemagne crowned 1st ancient Olympic games Rome founded Roman Republic established Jesus born Man learns to write Roman Empire begins Etruscans rule Rome Greek city-states formed Trojan War ends Persian Wars fought Peloponnesian War Punic Wars PART XVI: MAP: Be able to locate the following places on the map: BODIES OF WATER: North Sea, Ionian Sea, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic Ocean, Aegean Sea PLACES: Mount Olympus, Rome, Italy, Greece, Crete, Knossos, Athens, Sparta, Troy, Asia Minor, Macedonia, Sicily, Britain, Gaul/France, Ireland, Carthage

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