Table of Contents. Part 1: Introduction City of the Future, Web Quest, Advisory Notebook 3. Part 2: Task Task Description 4

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2 Table of Contents Part 1: Introduction City of the Future, Web Quest, Advisory Notebook 3 Part 2: Task Task Description 4 Part 3: Choose Your Energy Sources Solar / Coal, Wind / Natural Gas, Geothermal / Nuclear, Oil (petroleum) / Hydroelectric 5 Part 4: Collect Information Information, pictures, maps 7 Part 5: Team Meeting: Review Your Information Meat with your advisory team and develop a plan 11 Part 6: Presentation and Evaluation Rubric 13 Part 7: Reflection Reflection questions 14 2

3 City of the Future Part 1: Introduction Pretend that your class has been selected to design and inhabit a city of the future. This city will serve as a model for all future cities. You are a member of an advisory team that will make recommendations about the types of energy your new city should use. Your goal is to find the most efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly design possible. Each member of the team will choose two energy sources to explore, one nonrenewable and one renewable. Web Quest Use this online guide to collect information and develop your power system. It explains the task and outlines the steps needed to complete it. Internet links are listed along the way to help you find the information you need to create your power system, coordinate with your group, and make your final presentation to the class. It also tells how you will be evaluated. Advisory Notebook You can put the photos and information you gather into your Advisory Notebook. This is a good place to keep track of the information you and your group will need in order to put together your presentation. Its pages will guide you to the research information you need and the areas you may want to explore. 3

4 Part 2: Task Description 1. Choose one pair of energy sources you want to explore and learn more about. Each pair includes one renewable and one non-renewable energy source. 2. Collect information and complete your Power Advisory Notebook by following the links provided. 3. Write a descriptive summary (one per group member) detailing the advantages and disadvantages (cost, impact, and output) of the power sources you examined. 4. Compare the information that you collect with the information your group members find. 5. As a group, decide which energy sources your city will use. Then choose your presentation method and plan your presentation. Members can present their individual findings as part of their group s presentation. 6. Present your findings to the class. Here are some suggestions: Poster 3-D Model Power Point Presentation Video Commercial 4

5 Part 3: Choose a Pair of Power Sources Solar / Coal: You can become an expert on how solar energy and coal are transformed into useable energy, the advantages and disadvantages of each energy source and the environmental impact of producing and using each energy source. Solar energy harnesses the energy from the sun and converts it into useable electrical or heat energy. Coal is a fossil fuel. It is a combustible, sedimentary, organic rock, which is composed mainly of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. It can be used directly or used to generate electricity. Wind / Natural Gas: You can become an expert on how wind energy and natural gas are transformed into useable energy, the advantages and disadvantages of each energy source and the environmental impact of producing and using each energy source. Wind Power has been used throughout recorded history and is now being used to produce electricity. Natural gas is a fossil fuel like oil and coal. It can be used directly (to heat a house, for example) or used to generate electricity. It is a nonrenewable fuel because it takes millions of years to form deep in the earth before it can be used again. Geothermal / Nuclear: You can become an expert on how geothermal energy and nuclear energy are transformed into useable energy, the advantages and disadvantages of each energy source and the environmental impact of producing and using each energy source. Geothermal Energy is energy from heat inside the Earth. Nuclear energy is energy in the nucleus (core) of an atom. Today, both are being used as sources of electrical generation. Oil (petroleum) / Hydroelectric: You can become an expert on how oil and hydroelectric energy are transformed into useable energy, the advantages and disadvantages of each energy source and the environmental impact of producing and using each energy source. Oil was formed from the remains of animals and plants that lived millions of years ago. It can be used directly or used to generate electricity. Hydro (water) power is one of the oldest sources of energy. Thousands of years ago, it was used to turn paddle wheels for purposes such as grinding grain. Now it is used as an important source of electrical generation and is referred to as hydroelectric power. 5

6 Show the renewable energy source you chose. A picture that represents your renewable energy source goes here. Renewable energy source Show the non-renewable energy source you chose. A picture that represents your non-renewable energy source goes here. Non-renewable energy source 6

7 Part 4: Collect Information Renewable Energy Source Renewable Energy Source Why is this energy source renewable? How is this energy source collected and then turned into useable energy? What are some advantages of this energy source? What are some disadvantages of this energy source? How does this energy source impact the environment? (If you need more space, use a separate sheet of paper. Use page 9 to collect pictures) 7

8 Part 4: Collect Information Non-Renewable Energy Source Non-Renewable Energy Source Why is this energy source non-renewable? How is this energy source collected and then turned into useable energy? What are some advantages of this energy source? What are some disadvantages of this energy source? How does this energy source impact the environment? (If you need more space, use a separate sheet of paper. Use page 9 to collect pictures) 8

9 Gather pictures that will help you create your power system. Write notes to identify the pictures on the lines below them. (If you need more space for pictures, copy this sheet.) 9

10 Write a descriptive summary based on your research of the two power sources you chose. This is my information about the energy sources I researched: (If you need more space, use a separate sheet of paper.) 10

11 Part 5: Team Meeting: Review Your Information Compare the information that you collected with the information your team members have found. 1. Each team member: Report your findings to the team using your Notebook and your written descriptive summary. 2. Decide as a team how you will present your information to the class. Here are some suggestions: Poster Model Power Point Video Commercial 3. You may want to use the Supplies page from the SRA Research Assistant to help you determine what you ll need for the presentation. 4. Use page 12 of this Notebook to help design your power system. 11

12 You can use this page to sketch a basic layout of the power system your team wants to design. Make sure you label your drawing appropriately. 12

13 Part 6: Final Presentation This rubric shows how your presentation will be graded. The row labeled Participation will be used to evaluate your work as a group. If you are working by yourself, this row will not apply. Participation Excellent 4 Group members take an active interest in the success of the group s efforts to gain knowledge. Teamwork clearly increases the group s level of thinking and understanding. Satisfactory 3 Group members contribute ideas and information to the questions of others. Some discussion among team members related to further understanding takes place. Needs Improvement 2 Group members discuss the facts of the topic. Some sharing of ideas and new information among team members takes place. Not Acceptable 1 Group members work on separate tasks. Little teamwork takes place. Score Content Overall content is well-planned and thoughtful, leading to answers and new knowledge of the topic. Many types of reliable sources are used. Overall content is organized and clearly related to the topic, seeking answers and new knowledge. Several types of sources are used. Overall content is a collection of information that is loosely related to the topic. Few types of sources are used. Overall content is a collection of information that may or may not be related to the topic. Few sources are used. Organization Project ideas are well-organized, creative, and logical. Excellent transitions are used. Project ideas are organized and logical. Good transitions are used. Project ideas are somewhat organized with poor logic. Weak transitions are used. Project ideas are poorly organized and are not logical. No clear transitions are used. Presentation Students are wellprepared, demonstrating mastery and enthusiasm. The presentation encourages new questions and audience interaction. Students are prepared and demonstrate enthusiasm. The presentation encourages audience interaction. The presentation is interesting and encourages questions. Teacher sometimes guides group members during the presentation. Students are somewhat prepared and demonstrate some enthusiasm. There is some audience interaction. The presentation is somewhat interesting and encourages some questions. Teacher often guides group members during the presentation. Students are not prepared and demonstrate little or no enthusiasm. There is little or no audience interaction. The presentation is not interesting and does not encourage audience participation. Teacher must guide group members during the presentation. 13

14 Part 7: Reflection Now that you ve collected information on various energy sources and heard presentations by other groups, think about how things would be different if the power system your team designed was used in your city and other cities around the world. Questions for reflection: 1. In your power system design, why did your team choose to use the power sources it did? 2. How long will the energy sources your team picked last? 3. Do you know of any other power sources being researched or developed that you would like to have in your design? Which ones and why? 4. If cities around the world used your team s power system, what impact might it have on the world and your community? (If you need more space to answer questions, use a separate sheet of paper.) 14

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