Climate Change: A Theme to Teach Across the Science Disciplines

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1 Climate Change: A Theme to Teach Across the Science Disciplines Sunshine State Stards & Benchmarks that Help Students Underst Climate Change K-2 Compare describe changing patterns in nature that repeat themselves, such as weather conditions including temperature precipitation, day to day season to season. SC.2.E.7.1 Investigate by observing measuring, that the Sun's energy directly indirectly warms the water, l, air. SC.2.E.7.2 Investigate, observe describe how water left in an open container disappears (evaporates), but water in a closed container does not disappear (evaporate). SC.2.E.7.3 Investigate that air is all around us that moving air is wind. SC.2.E.7.4 State the importance of preparing for severe weather, lightning, other weather related events. SC.2.E.7.5 Grades 3 5 Earth in Space Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, Models Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, Models Changes in Matter Identify the Sun as a star that emits energy; some of it in the form of light. SC.3.E.5.2 Demonstrate that radiant energy from the Sun can heat objects when the Sun is not present, heat may be lost. SC.3.E.6.1 Describe how animals plants respond to changing seasons. SC.3.L.17.1 Recognize that plants use energy from the Sun, air, water to make their own food. SC.3.L.17.2 Recognize the importance of communication among scientists. SC.3.N.1.4 Recognize that scientists question, discuss, check each others' evidence explanations. SC.3.N.1.5 Infer based on observation. SC.3.N.1.6 Explain that empirical evidence is information, such as observations or measurements, that is used to help validate explanations of natural phenomena. SC.3.N.1.7 Recognize that words in science can have different or more specific meanings than their use in everyday language; for example, energy, cell, heat/cold, evidence. SC.3.N.3.1 Recognize that scientists use models to help underst explain how things work. SC.3.N.3.2 Describe the changes water undergoes when it changes state through heating cooling by using familiar scientific terms such as melting, freezing, boiling, evaporation, condensation. SC.3.P.9.1 1

2 Earth in Space Earth in Space Matter Identify some basic forms of energy such as light, heat, sound, electrical, mechanical. SC.3.P.10.1 Recognize that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change. SC.3.P.10.2 Demonstrate that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another. SC.3.P.10.3 Demonstrate that light can be reflected, refracted, absorbed. SC.3.P.10.4 Investigate, observe, explain that things that give off light often also give off heat. SC.3.P.11.1 Recognize that Earth revolves around the Sun in a year rotates on its axis in a 24- hour day. SC.4.E.5.3 Relate that the rotation of Earth (day night) apparent movements of the Sun, Moon, stars are connected. SC.4.E.5.4 Compare the seasonal changes in Florida plants animals to those in other regions of the country. SC.4.L.17.1 Explain that animals, including humans, cannot make their own food that when animals eat plants or other animals, the energy stored in the food source is passed to them. SC.4.L.17.2 Trace the flow of energy from the Sun as it is transferred along the food chain through the producers to the consumers. SC.4.L.17.3 Recognize ways plants animals, including humans, can impact the environment. SC.4.L.17.4 Explain that science does not always follow a rigidly defined method ( the scientific method ) but that science does involve the use of observations empirical evidence. SC.4.N.1.3 Attempt reasonable answers to scientific questions cite evidence in support. SC.4.N.1.4 Recognize explain that scientists base their explanations on evidence. SC.4.N.1.7 Observe describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, the energy of motion. SC.4.P.10.1 Investigate describe that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change. SC.4.P.10.2 Describe how moving water air are sources of energy can be used to move things. SC.4.P.10.4 Recognize that heat flows from a hot object to a cold object that heat flow may cause materials to change temperature. SC.4.P.11.1 Create a model to explain the parts of the water cycle. Water can be a gas, a liquid, or a solid can go back forth from one state to another. SC.5.E.7.1 Recognize that the ocean is an integral part of the water cycle is connected to all of Earth's water reservoirs via evaporation precipitation processes. SC.5.E.7.2 Recognize explain the difference between personal opinion/interpretation verified observation. SC.5.N.1.6 Recognize explain that science is grounded in empirical observations that are testable; explanation must always be linked with evidence. SC.5.N.2.1 Recognize explain that when scientific investigations are carried out, the evidence produced by those investigations should be replicable by others. SC.5.N.2.2 Investigate describe that many physical chemical changes are affected by temperature. SC.5.P.9.1 2

3 Diversity Evolution of Living Organisms Investigate describe some basic forms of energy, including light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, mechanical. SC.5.P.10.1 Investigate explain that energy has the ability to cause motion or create change. SC.5.P.10.2 Create a model to explain the parts of the water cycle. Water can be a gas, a liquid, or a solid can go back forth from one state to another. SC.5.E.7.1 Recognize that the ocean is an integral part of the water cycle is connected to all of Earth's water reservoirs via evaporation precipitation processes. SC.5.E.7.2 Recognize how air temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, wind speed direction, precipitation determine the weather in a particular place time. SC.5.E.7.3 Distinguish among the various forms of precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, hail), making connections to the weather in a particular place time. SC.5.E.7.4 Recognize that some of the weather-related differences, such as temperature humidity, are found among different environments, such as swamps, deserts, mountains. SC.5.E.7.5 Describe characteristics (temperature precipitation) of different climate zones as they relate to latitude, elevation, proximity to bodies of water. SC.5.E.7.6 Design a family preparedness plan for natural disasters identify the reasons for having such a plan. SC.5.E.7.7 Describe how, when the environment changes, differences between individuals allow some plants animals to survive reproduce while others die or move to new locations. SC.5.L.15.1 Compare contrast adaptations displayed by animals plants that enable them to survive in different environments such as life cycles variations, animal behaviors physical characteristics. SC.5.L.17.1 Grades 6 8 Differentiate among radiation, conduction, convection, the three mechanisms by which heat is transferred through Earth's system. SC.6.E.7.1 Investigate apply how the cycling of water between the atmosphere hydrosphere has an effect on weather patterns climate. SC.6.E.7.2 Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream ocean currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, air pressure, wind direction speed, humidity precipitation. SC.6.E.7.3 Differentiate show interactions among the geosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, atmosphere, biosphere. SC.6.E.7.4 Explain how energy provided by the sun influences global patterns of atmospheric movement the temperature differences between air, water, l. SC.6.E.7.5 Differentiate between weather climate. SC.6.E.7.6 Investigate how natural disasters have affected human life in Florida. SC.6.E.7.7 Describe ways human beings protect themselves from hazardous weather sun exposure. SC.6.E.7.8 3

4 Describe how the composition structure of the atmosphere protects life insulates the planet. SC.6.E.7.9 Diversity Evolution of Living Organisms Earth in Space Matter Energy Matter Energy Define a problem from the sixth grade curriculum, use appropriate reference materials to support scientific understing, plan carry out scientific investigation of various types, such as systematic observations or experiments, identify variables, collect organize data, interpret data in charts, tables, graphics, analyze information, make predictions, defend conclusions. SC.6.N.1.1 Explain why scientific investigations should be replicable. SC.6.N.1.2 Identify the impact that humans have had on Earth, such as deforestation, urbanization, desertification, erosion, air water quality, changing the flow of water. SC.7.E.6.6 Explore the scientific theory of evolution by relating how the inability of a species to adapt within a changing environment may contribute to the extinction of that species. SC.7.L.15.3 Describe the methods used in the pursuit of a scientific explanation as seen in different fields of science such as biology, geology, physics. SC.7.N.1.5 Explain that empirical evidence is the cumulative body of observations of a natural phenomenon on which scientific explanations are based. SC.7.N.1.6 Explain that scientific knowledge is the result of a great deal of debate confirmation within the science community. SC.7.N.1.7 Identify an instance from the history of science in which scientific knowledge has changed when new evidence or new interpretations are encountered. SC.7.N.2.1 Illustrate that the sun's energy arrives as radiation with a wide range of wavelengths, including infrared, visible, ultraviolet, that white light is made up of a spectrum of many different colors. SC.7.P.10.1 Observe explain that light can be reflected, refracted, /or absorbed. SC.7.P.10.2 Recognize that light waves, sound waves, other waves move at different speeds in different materials. SC.7.P.10.3 Recognize that adding heat to or removing heat from a system may result in a temperature change possibly a change of state. SC.7.P.11.1 Investigate describe the transformation of energy from one form to another. SC.7.P.11.2 Cite evidence to explain that energy cannot be created nor destroyed, only changed from one form to another. SC.7.P.11.3 Observe describe that heat flows in predictable ways, moving from warmer objects to cooler ones until they reach the same temperature. SC.7.P.11.4 Explain the impact of objects in space on each other including: 1. the Sun on the Earth including seasons gravitational attraction 2. the Moon on the Earth, including phases, tides, eclipses, the relative position of each body. SC.8.E.5.9 Describe investigate the process of photosynthesis, such as the roles of light, carbon dioxide, water chlorophyll; production of food; release of oxygen. SC.8.L.18.1 Describe investigate how cellular respiration breaks down food to provide energy releases carbon dioxide. SC.8.L

5 Matter Energy Changes in Matter Construct a scientific model of the carbon cycle to show how matter energy are continuously transferred within between organisms their physical environment. SC.8.L.18.3 Underst that scientific investigations involve the collection of relevant empirical evidence, the use of logical reasoning, the application of imagination in devising hypotheses, predictions, explanations models to make sense of the collected evidence. SC.8.N.1.6 Distinguish between scientific pseudoscientific ideas. SC.8.N.2.1 Discuss what characterizes science its methods. SC.8.N.2.2 Select models useful in relating the results of their own investigations. SC.8.N.3.1 Explain why theories may be modified but are rarely discarded. SC.8.N.3.2 Explain that science is one of the processes that can be used to inform decision making at the community, state, national, international levels. SC.8.N.4.1 Investigate describe how temperature influences chemical changes. SC.8.P.9.3 Grades 9-12 The Role of Theories, Laws, Hypotheses, Models Science Society Science Society Matter Energy Energy Recognize that the strength usefulness of a scientific claim is evaluated through scientific argumentation, which depends on critical logical thinking, the active consideration of alternative explanations to explain the data presented. SC.912.N.1.3: Describe the role consensus plays in the historical development of a theory in one of the disciplines of science. SC.912.N.3.2: Explain how scientific knowledge reasoning provide an empirically-based perspective to inform society s decision making. SC.912.N.4.1 Weigh the merits of alternative strategies for solving ad specific societal problem by comparing a number of different costs benefits, such as human, economic, environmental. SC.912.N.4.2 Describe the properties of the carbon atom that make the diversity of carbon compounds possible. SC.912.P.8.12 Relate temperature to the average molecular kinetic energy. SC.912.P.10.5 Describe heat as the energy transferred by convection, conduction, radiation, explain the connection of heat to change in temperature or states of matter. SC.912.P.10.4: Diagram explain the biogeochemical cycles of an ecosystem, including water, carbon, nitrogen cycle. SC.912.L Evaluate the costs benefits of renewable nonrenewable resources, such as water, energy, fossil fuels, wildlife, forests. SC.912.L

6 Discuss the large-scale environmental impact results from human activity, including waste spills, runoff, greenhouse gases, ozone depletion, surface groundwater pollution. SC.912.L Describe changes in ecosystems resulting from seasonal variations, climate change succession. SC.912.L.17.4 Matter Energy Transformation Earth in Space Explain the interrelated nature of photosynthesis cellular respiration. SC.912.L.18.9 Connect the concepts of radiation the electromagnetic spectrum to the use of historical newly developed observational tools. SC.912.E.5.8 Analyze past, present, potential future consequences to the environment resulting from various energy production technologies. SC.912.E.6.6 Analyze the movement of matter energy through the different biogeochemical cycles, including water carbon. SC.912.E.7.1 Analyze the causes of the various kinds of surface deep water motion within the oceans their impacts on the transfer of energy between the poles the equator. SC.912.E.7.2 Differentiate describe the various interactions among Earth systems, including: atmosphere, hydrosphere, cryosphere, geosphere, biosphere. SC.912.E.7.3 6

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