Genetic modification

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Genetic modification"

Transcription

1 Genetic modification 2002/01 21 February 2002 Introduction What is GM? The Parliamentary Library has prepared a resource document to assist MPs in informing themselves about the genetic modification issue. This Background Note provides the executive summary and a summary table. The full Background Paper (86 pp) is available to MPs and support staff from the Parliamentary Library on request. Genetic modification (GM), also known as genetic engineering (GE), involves the modification and/or transfer of individual segments of DNA (genetic information). This creates new genetic combinations, usually involving species that would not normally inter-breed in nature. This is possible because the chemicals that make up the various gene segments are the same in all species. There are a number of uses for GM, including include research, education, medicine, industrial production, environmental management, and food. Each involves different risks and opportunities. GM in New Zealand GM medicine In New Zealand many GM applications are involved in research. All viable GMOs (genetically modified organisms) are in contained use. Products in the marketplace made using GMOs are primarily medical applications and a few approved foods and food additives. There are about 76 medicines approved for human use that are derived from GMOs and some 369 in the development pipeline in the USA. In New Zealand, 20 are approved and in use, mostly in clinical or hospital settings. Only two (insulin and vaccination for hepatitis B) are in widespread use. There are also thousands of products from GMOs used for diagnosis in New Zealand medical laboratories. Examples include screening blood products and organs for HIV and hepatitis B, testing for prostate cancer, and testing for inherited metabolic disorders. GM research GM techniques have been used in research in New Zealand since the 1970s. Prior to the establishment of the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA), GM research was managed by a voluntary system. Since 1998, ERMA has granted 101 approvals to import or develop a GMO in containment, 13 approvals to field-test a GMO in containment, and no approvals to release GMOs to the environment. The majority of these approvals have involved micro-organisms, plants and laboratory mice. In addition, 657 approvals for development of low-risk GMOs have been granted under delegation by Institutional Biological Safety Committees.

2 In 1998/99, 17% of the 2,088 biotechnology applications in use in New Zealand were DNA based services (including diagnostic tools derived from GMOs). The majority (80%) of these applications were involved in research and development, principally in the tertiary education, scientific research, and health services sectors. GM food No GM food crops are grown in New Zealand at present. For these to be grown, the GM variety must have received a GMO release approval from the Environmental Risk Management Authority (ERMA). Government has proposed a two-year period of constraint on GMO release applications, except for medical, animal health, or emergency reasons. An estimated 44.2 million hectares of commercial GM crops were planted around the world in 2000, or 1.7 times the size of New Zealand. Virtually all of this production is in the USA, Argentina, and Canada. Other countries that have grown commercial GM crops are China, Australia, South Africa, Mexico, Spain, France, Portugal, Romania, and the Ukraine. There are over 70 GM crop varieties that have been approved for planting, and the dominant varieties are herbicide tolerant soybean, canola, maize and cotton, and insect tolerant (Bt) corn. Some foods in New Zealand may contain ingredients produced from GMOs from overseas (currently including canola oil, soy or corn products, cottonseed oil, and potatoes.) Currently, there are 12 GM food crop varieties, eight GM food processing aids, and three GM food additives approved for sale in food products in Australian and New Zealand. Food products in New Zealand and Australia of GM origin and still containing GM DNA must now be labelled. Exceptions are for stocks already on the shelves before 7 December 2001, highly refined foods or additives produced from GMOs where the effect of refining is to remove the novel DNA and/or protein, flavours which comprise 0.1% or less of the food, foods prepared at point of sale, and unintended presence of GM content (up to 1% of content). The only GM livestock in New Zealand are involved in pharming (production of medicine, rather than food) and are in strict containment. However, research has been and continues to be conducted in New Zealand on both GM plants and animals that may be used to produce food. Public opinion In New Zealand and overseas, public opinion on GM is clearly differentiated by GM application type. The majority approves of medical applications and disapproves of GM food, field, and non-pest animal applications. The vast majority (92%) of the 10,861 public submissions presented to the Royal Commission on Genetic Modification were opposed to GM applications in New Zealand. There was some support for medical applications from people who opposed other applications such as food. The level of opposition to GM in the submissions was significantly higher than in public opinion surveys. Like the general public, Māori views are predominantly against GM, especially in food. In addition to potential risks to human and ecosystem health, Mäori cultural dimensions of concern about GM relate to such matters as whakapapa (not interfering with the genealogy of people and indigenous species), mauri (preserving essence and purity by not mixing materials from disparate sources), and tino rangatiratanga (sovereignty over taonga or treasured resources). 2

3 A large survey of New Zealand farmers and growers in 2000 showed that those who definitely did not intend to adopt GM greatly outnumbered those who definitely wished to adopt it (44% vs. 21% for GM technology and 49% vs. 12% for GM food). Royal Commission on Genetic Modification The Royal Commission on Genetic Modification conducted a very thorough investigation, involving 15 public meetings, 11 hui, 29 workshops, one youth forum, 13 weeks of hearings from 107 officially designated Interested Persons, 10,861 public submissions, and a public opinion survey of 1,153 New Zealanders. The major theme of the Commission s report, presented to Government on 27 July 2001, was Preserving Opportunities. The Commission thought it unwise for New Zealand to turn its back on the potential advantages on offer from genetic modification, but recommended that New Zealand should proceed carefully and implement genetic modification cautiously, minimising and managing risks. Recommendations and Government response The Commission made 49 recommendations to Government. These included amendments to streamline approvals for low risk GM research, the establishment of independent advisory and overview bodies, constraints on GMO release, information and policy gaps, consumer information, intellectual property rights, and Treaty of Waitangi and cultural issues. The Government supported the overall strategy of preserving opportunities but came to some different conclusions as to how the overall strategy should best be implemented. The Government proposed a two-year period of constraint on applications for commercial release of GMOs during which the recommended work on a preserving opportunities strategy would be undertaken. [The full background report contains a table with the text of all of the recommendations, and the Government s response on each one as of November 2001.] Legislation before the House The Hazardous Substances and New Organisms (Genetically Modified Organisms) Amendment Bill (new name pending) would amend the Hazardous Substances and New Organisms Act 1996 to create a two year period of constraint on applications for GMO release to the environment. Supplementary Order Paper 231 would amend the Medicines Act 1981 to impose restrictions on xenotransplantation and modification of the genome of human embryos. Some key issues Ecosystem and health risks Risk and uncertainty were the greatest areas of concern in the public submissions to the Royal Commission on Genetic Modification, especially the risk of environmental damage and threats to health and food safety. Submitters generally believed that the risks were potentially huge and irreversible, that consent agencies lacked the ability to properly identify them, and that past technological disasters (DDT, thalidomide, asbestos, introduced pests) indicated that GM-based disasters would occur. Concerns about the effect of GM crops on the environment and health include: effects on soil ecology and non-target species; outbreeding of related GM varieties to non-gm crops and wild populations; horizontal gene transfer; increased weediness, resistance of pests, and pesticide use levels; creation of new allergens and disease agents; and mixing of GM and non- GM products in the food chain. 3

4 Buffer zones and non-gm varieties Costs and benefits To fulfil the Royal Commission s suggested strategy of preservation of opportunities and coexistence requires finding means to keep GM and non-gm gene pools separate. So far, knowledge on buffer zone design and management has been inadequate to protect non-gm canola in Canada and corn in the USA and Mexico. The Government has agreed to the Commission s recommendation that policy be refined in this area before field release of GMOs is allowed. One of the major concerns in public submissions to the Royal Commission on Genetic Modification was that the benefits of GM were being captured by multinationals, but risks and potential costs would have to be borne by the environment and local communities. The potential for adverse economic impacts on non-gm industry (e.g. organic farming and tourism) were cited in many submissions, but very few submissions considered the direct contribution to the economy from the biotechnology industry. Currently, the proportion of the national economy involved with GM is small, principally in tertiary education, research and development. Biotechnology companies in New Zealand see GM technologies as an essential part of obtaining increased share of the international market. The funding currently allocated through Vote Research, Science and Technology in New Zealand for GM research is estimated to be about $48 m per year. This is allocated to a range of Crown Research Institutes and universities, and includes $16 m for health research. The total funded value of GM research is somewhat higher, including private and other public (e.g. Vote Education) sources. Costs from GM crops that may be imposed on conventional non-gm and organic growers include loss of non-gm certification through GM contamination. The value for the 2000 harvest of organic produce was $60 m, and with current trends is projected to increase to $170- $340 m. If the use of GM affects New Zealand s clean green image, effects may also be felt on other industries such as non-organic exports and tourism. Cost and benefit data relating to GM in New Zealand is very limited. Officials are currently preparing terms of reference for a study of the economic implications for New Zealand of both using GM and restricting the use of GM, focusing on the opportunities and risks that each of these options will create. On the following page is a table from the report summarising some of the main GM applications and public opinion. The full report Genetic modification: a resource document for New Zealand MPs is available from the Parliamentary Library (ext. 9888). Dana Rachelle Peterson, Research Analyst Research and Analysis Branch Parliamentary Library Copyright NZ Parliamentary Library Except for educational purposes permitted under the Copyright Act 1994, no part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, including information storage and retrieval systems, other than by Members of Parliament in the course of their official duties, without the consent of the Parliamentary Librarian, Parliament Buildings, Wellington, New Zealand. 4

5 Types of GM application present in New Zealand: experimental and commercial applications, and public views Type of GM application Present in New Zealand? Research and development in containment Commercial products out of containment Public view : how many in poll believe it is: already used in New Zealand acceptable Medicine - medical research -- 72% 65% - diagnostic tools medicines and vaccines (e.g. GM sheep and cow milk for producing medicine) - gene therapy (e.g. Canavan s Disease) Food (see Table 3.3) 62% 64% (e.g. potatoes, forage plants) -- 79% 52% - research w/ plants - research w/ animals (e.g. mice, pigs, sheep, cattle, salmon) - commercial crops -- no -- 67% 37% - farm animals (e.g improved sheep meat production) no - fresh foods -- no -- - processed foods -- ( and GMO*) (e.g. imported products from GM corn, canola, soy, potato, some food processing aids Tables 3.5, 3.6 ) Forestry Floriculture Pest control Bioremediation Education (e.g. herbicide-resistant pine) (e.g. petunias) (e.g. possum fertility) (e.g. bacteria to remediate DDT in soils) (57% of New Zealand uses of GM in 1998/99) 68% 42% 43% 30% 68% 22% no 65% 58% = refined from products of a GMO, rather than itself being a GMO (e.g. GM bacteria used to create a human protein which is then refined to make a medicine; oil refined from GM soy) * Materials not highly processed (e.g. corn meal or potato flour) are referred to here as GMO, although they are not living in the sense that they are viable seed or tubers when imported into New Zealand. This would require an Environmental Risk Management Authority approval for deliberate release of a GMO, and no such consents have been granted. Shaded cells in table: areas where results suggest the public may have a misunderstanding about GM prevalence. Sources: Royal Commission on Genetic Modification 2001, Chapters 7-9; Appendix 3, section 6, p. 183 (public opinion); Roberts (ca. 2000), p. 12 (reference to animals in research); Ministry of Health 2000 (pp. 3, 36: gene therapy); Statistics New Zealand 2001, Table 2.02 (p.13) (reference to prevalence of research applications). 5

Introduction to the Biotechnology Supplement

Introduction to the Biotechnology Supplement Introduction to the Biotechnology Supplement What is Biotechnology? Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes

More information

DO WE HAVE TO PROHIBIT GMO IN ORGANIC FARMING?

DO WE HAVE TO PROHIBIT GMO IN ORGANIC FARMING? EU SOCRATES/ ERASMUS PROGRAM IP PROJECT: BIOETHICS IN LIFE AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES. 14-27 APRIL 2008, PERUGIA DO WE HAVE TO PROHIBIT GMO IN ORGANIC FARMING? Sofia Tsaknaki Madalina Ecaterina Cucu Elene-Irina

More information

Public Perceptions of Labeling Genetically Modified Foods

Public Perceptions of Labeling Genetically Modified Foods Public Perceptions of Labeling Genetically Modified Foods Working Paper 2013-01 William K. Hallman, Ph.D. Cara L. Cuite, Ph.D. Xenia K. Morin, Ph.D. Release date: November 1, 2013 For more information:

More information

Survey of GM in Soy-based Infant Formula

Survey of GM in Soy-based Infant Formula Survey of GM in Soy-based Infant Formula Summary In September 2010, Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) initiated an independent analysis of a single brand of soy-based infant formula following

More information

Genetically Modified Organisms

Genetically Modified Organisms Genetically Modified Organisms Exploration of Issues and Policy Options Prepared by Amanda Hunt, Resource Planner Environment Bay of Plenty February 2003 5 Quay Street P O Box 364 Whakatane NEW ZEALAND

More information

Cotton Situation in the World 1 M. Rafiq Chaudhry Technical Information Section

Cotton Situation in the World 1 M. Rafiq Chaudhry Technical Information Section 1 Cotton Situation in the World 1 M. Rafiq Chaudhry Technical Information Section Abstract The world cotton production for the year 1996/97 is currently placed by the ICAC at about 19 million metric tons

More information

Environmental Monitoring

Environmental Monitoring Environmental Monitoring For the import of oilseed rape from event T45 (ACS-BNØØ8-2) for food, feed and industrial uses 1. Introduction Authorisation holders have the obligation to implement, if appropriate,

More information

Scientific Papers, USAMV Bucharest, Series A, Vol. LII, 2009, ISSN 1222-5339

Scientific Papers, USAMV Bucharest, Series A, Vol. LII, 2009, ISSN 1222-5339 Scientific Papers, USAMV Bucharest, Series A, Vol. LII, 2009, ISSN 1222-5339 IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM ABOUT GENETICALLY MODIFIED PRODUCTS (GMP) BY A LEONARDO DA VINCI PROJECT - AGROHEALTH

More information

Statement of ethical principles for biotechnology in Victoria

Statement of ethical principles for biotechnology in Victoria Statement of ethical principles for biotechnology in Victoria Statement of ethical principles for biotechnology in Victoria Acknowledgments Published by the Public Health Group, Rural & Regional Health

More information

http://www.springer.com/3-540-20178-5

http://www.springer.com/3-540-20178-5 http://www.springer.com/3-540-20178-5 92 3 Regulation, Assessment and Monitoring of GMOs 3.4.4 Field releases and Commercialisation of GMOs in CEE Countries Until 2003, only experimental field trial releases

More information

Frequently Asked Questions about FAO and Agricultural Biotechnology. 5. What is FAO s position on release of GMOs in any specific country?

Frequently Asked Questions about FAO and Agricultural Biotechnology. 5. What is FAO s position on release of GMOs in any specific country? Frequently Asked Questions about FAO and Agricultural Biotechnology 1. What is agricultural biotechnology? 2. What are GMOs? 3. Are GMOs widely used in food and agriculture today? 4. What is FAO s position

More information

Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology

Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology Recombinant DNA and Biotechnology Chapter 18 Lecture Objectives What Is Recombinant DNA? How Are New Genes Inserted into Cells? What Sources of DNA Are Used in Cloning? What Other Tools Are Used to Study

More information

GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996-2012

GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996-2012 GM crops: global socio-economic and environmental impacts 1996-2012 Graham Brookes & Peter Barfoot PG Economics Ltd, UK Dorchester, UK May 2014 Table of contents Foreword...8 Executive summary and conclusions...9

More information

The use of genetically modified crops in developing countries

The use of genetically modified crops in developing countries The use of genetically modified crops in developing countries a guide to the Discussion Paper Introduction The Nuffield Council on Bioethics provoked vigorous debate with the publication of its Report,

More information

1. INTRODUCTION. Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for

1. INTRODUCTION. Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for INTRODUCTION 1. INTRODUCTION Rice is the most cultivated major food crop in the world. It is the staple food for seventeen countries in Asia and the Pacific, eight countries in Africa, seven countries

More information

How GM food is regulated in Australia and New Zealand: A story of standards, oil and sausages

How GM food is regulated in Australia and New Zealand: A story of standards, oil and sausages How GM food is regulated in Australia and New Zealand: A story of standards, oil and sausages Dr Judy Carman BSc (Hons) PhD MPH MPHAA Director, Institute of Health and Environmental Research, Adelaide

More information

Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily

Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily Adoption of GE Crops by U.S. Farmers Increases Steadily Farmers are more likely to adopt new practices and technologies if they expect to benefit from them. Benefits are usually thought of in monetary

More information

BRIEF #1: What is Agricultural Biotechnology?

BRIEF #1: What is Agricultural Biotechnology? BRIEF #1 agricultural biotechnology What is Agricultural Biotechnology? For about 10,000 years, farmers have been improving wild plants and animals through the selection and breeding of desirable characteristics.

More information

Troubles with Thresholds Bill Leask Canadian Seed Trade Association November, 2000

Troubles with Thresholds Bill Leask Canadian Seed Trade Association November, 2000 Troubles with Thresholds Bill Leask Canadian Seed Trade Association November, 2000 Introduction For decades, national seed certification procedures have been largely harmonized to facilitate international

More information

NATIONAL BIOSAFETY POLICY

NATIONAL BIOSAFETY POLICY NATIONAL BIOSAFETY POLICY BELIZE The National Biosafety Policy for the Government of Belize (Approved March 2009) CONTENT Section Page 1 INTRODUCTION 2 2 JUSTIFICATION 3 3 SCOPE 4 4 POLICY FRAMEWORK 4

More information

Mondelēz International Supply Chain Management for Materials of Potential GMO Origin in EU and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (EEMEA) Regions

Mondelēz International Supply Chain Management for Materials of Potential GMO Origin in EU and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (EEMEA) Regions Mondelēz International Supply Chain Management for Materials of Potential GMO Origin in EU and Eastern Europe, Middle East and Africa (EEMEA) Regions Updated July 6th, 2015 Mondelēz International Corporate

More information

Doroteya Raykova Grzegorz Dziurawiec Michaël da Veiga Mendes Sylwia Misiaszek Vasil Savov

Doroteya Raykova Grzegorz Dziurawiec Michaël da Veiga Mendes Sylwia Misiaszek Vasil Savov Doroteya Raykova Grzegorz Dziurawiec Michaël da Veiga Mendes Sylwia Misiaszek Vasil Savov Definition A genetically modified organism is altered by the means of genetic engineering so that it possesses

More information

GMO CONTAMINATION PREVENTION

GMO CONTAMINATION PREVENTION UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA Southwest Research and Outreach Center GMO CONTAMINATION PREVENTION What Does it Take? By Jim Riddle, Organic Outreach Coordinator Best Management Practices for Producers of GMO

More information

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No /.. of XXX

COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No /.. of XXX Ref. Ares(2013)222755-20/02/2013 EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, XXX SANCO/12462/2011 Rev. 2 (POOL/E1/2011/12462/12462R2- EN.doc) [ ](2012) XXX draft COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No /.. of XXX

More information

THE ASSOCIATION OF ANIMAL FEED PRODUCERS IN THE UK INDUSTRY REPORT FOR 2014 AND BEYOND

THE ASSOCIATION OF ANIMAL FEED PRODUCERS IN THE UK INDUSTRY REPORT FOR 2014 AND BEYOND THE ASSOCIATION OF ANIMAL FEED PRODUCERS IN THE UK INDUSTRY REPORT FOR 2014 AND BEYOND Introductory Message from the Chief Executive: Welcome to this, the 20 th annual report from The Association of Animal

More information

Life-Science Economics and Policy

Life-Science Economics and Policy Life-Science Economics and Policy Winter Term 2011/12 Dr. Maarten J. Punt Technische Universität München - Weihenstephan maarten.punt@tum.de http://www.wzw.tum.de/aew/ GMO adoption by countries What is

More information

Trade Advice Note on. Glyphosate. in the product. Roundup Ready Herbicide by Monsanto (APVMA Product Number 54112)

Trade Advice Note on. Glyphosate. in the product. Roundup Ready Herbicide by Monsanto (APVMA Product Number 54112) Trade Advice Note on Glyphosate in the product Roundup Ready Herbicide by Monsanto (APVMA Product Number 54112) Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority For further information contact:

More information

FAQs: Gene drives - - What is a gene drive?

FAQs: Gene drives - - What is a gene drive? FAQs: Gene drives - - What is a gene drive? During normal sexual reproduction, each of the two versions of a given gene has a 50 percent chance of being inherited by a particular offspring (Fig 1A). Gene

More information

History of Agricultural Biotechnology: How Crop Development has Evolved

History of Agricultural Biotechnology: How Crop Development has Evolved 1 of 7 9/7/2012 4:45 PM History of Agricultural Biotechnology: How Crop Development has Evolved By: Wieczorek Ania (Dept of Tropical Plant and Soil Sciences, University of Hi at Manoa) & Wright Mark (Dept

More information

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast

Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China. Jiang Enchen. Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast 1 Agricultural Production and Research in Heilongjiang Province, China Jiang Enchen Professor, Department of Agricultural Engineering, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, China. Post code: 150030

More information

Coop case: the position, the guarantees system, the information to the consumers

Coop case: the position, the guarantees system, the information to the consumers Coop case: the position, the guarantees system, the information to the consumers Claudio Mazzini Resp. Innovazione e Valori COOP Italia Claudio Mazzini - COOP ITALIA COOP is the largest italian supply

More information

What is Organic Food? Organic Foods. The Purpose: Organic Farming

What is Organic Food? Organic Foods. The Purpose: Organic Farming Organic Foods By: Kaelen Shay Trinh Tran Caroline Mockridge What is Organic Food? No preservatives No added chemicals/pesticides/fertilizers No anti-biotics or growth hormones The Purpose: Organic Farming

More information

Projects 12448, Outlook On Biotechnology: Industry Leaders Convention Attendees General Public

Projects 12448, Outlook On Biotechnology: Industry Leaders Convention Attendees General Public Projects 12448, 12458 Outlook On Biotechnology: Industry Leaders Convention Attendees General Public Methodology On behalf of the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO), Public Opinion Strategies and

More information

HUMAN PROTEINS FROM GENETIC ENGINEERING OF ORGANISMS

HUMAN PROTEINS FROM GENETIC ENGINEERING OF ORGANISMS HUMAN PROTEINS FROM GM BACTERIA Injecting insulin is an everyday event for many people with diabetes. GENETIC ENGINEERING OF ORGANISMS involves transferring genes from one species into another. Genetic

More information

INTRODUCTION. The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum.

INTRODUCTION. The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum. INTRODUCTION The 3-year upper primary syllabus development was guided by the RNPE, 1994, which called for the review of the Primary curriculum. It followed the introduction of lower primary Environmental

More information

Impacts of Genetically-Modified Crops and Seeds on Farmers

Impacts of Genetically-Modified Crops and Seeds on Farmers Impacts of Genetically-Modified Crops and Seeds on Farmers Prepared by David Kruft, Legal Research Assistant November 2001 I. Introduction The agriculture industry has traditionally been supportive of

More information

Update. Barb Glenn, Ph.D. Food & Agriculture Section. FASS Symposium

Update. Barb Glenn, Ph.D. Food & Agriculture Section. FASS Symposium Animal Biotechnology Industry Update Barb Glenn, Ph.D. Managing Director, Animal Biotech Food & Agriculture Section FASS Symposium May 14, 2007 Industry Status Goal Snapshot, Priorities, Members Technology

More information

Biotech Foods Community Snapshot

Biotech Foods Community Snapshot Biotech Foods Community Snapshot Introduction Lesson Introduction Biotechnology is becoming a commonly used term in today s society. Recent surveys conducted on consumer attitudes toward biotech foods,

More information

Biodiversity Concepts

Biodiversity Concepts Biodiversity Concepts WHAT IS BIODIVERSITY? Biodiversity is the variety of life on Earth. For any kind of animal or plant each individual is not exactly the same as any other; nor are species or ecosystems.

More information

A Degree in Science is:

A Degree in Science is: A Degree in Science is: Intellectually stimulating Can lead to a variety of careers: Scientific Research (with opportunities for working with animals) Teaching Science-related jobs Advisory Sales Patents..

More information

Patent issues in Industrial Biotech:

Patent issues in Industrial Biotech: Patent issues in Industrial Biotech: Nucleic Acids, Life Forms & Natural Products Konrad Sechley PhD, Vancouver, Canada 18 April, 2016 OVERVIEW Gene patenting Life Forms & Natural Products Conclusions

More information

Conference and General Assembly of the IAP Hermanus, West Cape, South Africa

Conference and General Assembly of the IAP Hermanus, West Cape, South Africa Conference and General Assembly of the IAP Hermanus, West Cape, South Africa Roundtable Discussion on Science Advice in the International Arena with a Special Focus on Synthetic Biology Monday, 29 February

More information

The Agricultural Biotechnology Industry

The Agricultural Biotechnology Industry The Agricultural Biotechnology Industry Introduction Biotechnology is bringing about dramatic changes in the agriculture sector. It is presented as a means to feed the world, help the environment and much

More information

Tailoring solutions for a region of diversity Global Press Conference 2013

Tailoring solutions for a region of diversity Global Press Conference 2013 Tailoring solutions for a region of diversity Global Press Conference 2013 Vincent Gros Senior Vice President, BASF Crop Protection Europe, CIS, Central Asia, Africa and Middle East October 2 nd, 2013

More information

What s wrong with GM?

What s wrong with GM? CIIR environmental action leaflet What s wrong with GM? Why genetically modified crops are bad for people and bad for the environment Why should we care? Genetic engineering of crops is a complex and controversial

More information

Decision Document E92-02

Decision Document E92-02 Agriculture Canada Food Production and Inspection Branch Direction générale, Production et inspection des aliments Pesticides Directorate Direction des pesticides Decision Document E92-02 PRODUCT MANAGEMENT

More information

The Philippines has a land area of 30 million

The Philippines has a land area of 30 million Philippines: Challenges, Opportunities, and Constraints in Agricultural Biotechnology Reynaldo E. de la Cruz Table 1 Area and production of some important agricultural crops Agricultural crops Rice and

More information

The Regulatory Framework Gene Technology Act 2000 (Cth) and the Gene Technology Bill 2001 (WA)

The Regulatory Framework Gene Technology Act 2000 (Cth) and the Gene Technology Bill 2001 (WA) For Who s Benefit? - Evaluating Genetically Modified Organisms in Western Australia from a Different Perspective Conference held by Conservation Council WA 10 October 2002 The Regulatory Framework Gene

More information

Defence Expenditure: Trends and International Comparisons

Defence Expenditure: Trends and International Comparisons 2005/01 2 March 2005 Defence Expenditure: Trends and International Comparisons Executive Summary The use of accrual accounting methods makes New Zealand unique internationally with regard to defence accounting.

More information

Passion for Grass. Great in Grass. The Royal Barenbrug Group. Group Board. Europe North America South America Australasia Asia Africa

Passion for Grass. Great in Grass. The Royal Barenbrug Group. Group Board. Europe North America South America Australasia Asia Africa The Royal Barenbrug Group The Royal Barenbrug Group Group Board Operating companies Europe North America South America Australasia Asia Africa Operating companies Research locations Research LOCATIONS

More information

Guide to agrichemical use in Resource Management Plans Northland Region as at October 2011

Guide to agrichemical use in Resource Management Plans Northland Region as at October 2011 Guide to agrichemical use in Resource Management Plans Northland Region as at October 2011 Northland Regional Air Quality Plan Note: This guide is intended to assist users and applicators understanding

More information

Netherlands. Agricultural Biotechnology Annual

Netherlands. Agricultural Biotechnology Annual THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 6/12/2015

More information

Costa Rica's Ag Biotechnology Situation and Outlook

Costa Rica's Ag Biotechnology Situation and Outlook THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: GAIN Report

More information

Integrated Pest Management

Integrated Pest Management Chapter 2 Integrated Pest Management In This Chapter Keywords After learning the information in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Define Integrated Pest Management (IPM). 2. List and describe the 5

More information

Indian Agrochemical Industry

Indian Agrochemical Industry Indian Agrochemical Industry Introduction. India is the fourth largest producer of agrochemicals globally, after United States, Japan and China. The agrochemicals industry is a significant industry for

More information

Available study programs at Czech University of Life Sciences Prague

Available study programs at Czech University of Life Sciences Prague EU subject code University subject Name of course/program Mobility Language Homepage 1,1 1,1 Environmental Engineering in Agriculture II Rural Communication and Extension 1,1 Tropical Forestry and Agroforestry

More information

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL.

THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. THE SCIENCE THE FUTURE OF CANADIAN CANOLA: APPLY THE SCIENCE OF AGRONOMICS TO MAXIMIZE GENETIC POTENTIAL. WHERE WE HAVE BEEN CANOLA PRODUCTION HAS SURPASSED THE INDUSTRY TARGET OF 15 MMT. This was achieved

More information

GUIDELINES FOR THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

GUIDELINES FOR THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS GUIDELINES FOR THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS -ii- GUIDELINES ON THE REGISTRATION OF BIOLOGICAL PEST CONTROL AGENTS FOOD AND

More information

This material is based on work supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service & the U.S. EPA

This material is based on work supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Extension Service & the U.S. EPA Revised April 1992 (reformatted May 2000) A Workbook for Certified Pesticide Applicators To accompany the VHS tape "Pesticides in the Environment" Based on materials developed by: Colorado State University

More information

Transgenic Maize in Mexico: threatens food sovereignty and security. Elena Álvarez-Buylla, Ph.D. Instituto de Ecología, UNAM

Transgenic Maize in Mexico: threatens food sovereignty and security. Elena Álvarez-Buylla, Ph.D. Instituto de Ecología, UNAM Transgenic Maize in Mexico: threatens food sovereignty and security Elena Álvarez-Buylla, Ph.D. Instituto de Ecología, UNAM From México to the World: 15.4% world s food plants fotos: F. Eccardi 59 landraces

More information

Annually, Manitoba produces approximately 17 to 18% of Canada's total canola production.

Annually, Manitoba produces approximately 17 to 18% of Canada's total canola production. - 1 - OVERVIEW OF THE CANOLA SECTOR IN MANITOBA Canola is Manitoba s most important oilseed crop. Canola production in Manitoba has grown steadily over the years and it accounts for the greatest amount

More information

DESCRIPTION LEARNING OUTCOMES

DESCRIPTION LEARNING OUTCOMES Science Grade 10-12 Classroom Individual Reading DESCRIPTION Pesticides are used extensively to control pests, which can harm crops and other plant species. There are many different types of pesticides.

More information

GMO COEXISTENCE RESEARCH IN EUROPEAN AGRICULTURE

GMO COEXISTENCE RESEARCH IN EUROPEAN AGRICULTURE Community research EUROPEAN COMMISSION CASE STUDIES GMO COEXISTENCE RESEARCH IN EUROPEAN AGRICULTURE Interested in European research? RTD info is our quarterly magazine keeping you in touch with main developments

More information

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology 1 So, what is biotechnology?? The use of living organisms to carry out defined chemical processes for industrial or commercial application. The office of Technology Assessment of the U.S. Congress defines

More information

International Approaches to the Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods 1

International Approaches to the Labeling of Genetically Modified Foods 1 Agricultural Issues Center University of California and Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics University of California, Davis March 2003 International Approaches to the Labeling of Genetically

More information

The BioAg Alliance: Unleashing the Potential of Microbial Solutions in Agriculture

The BioAg Alliance: Unleashing the Potential of Microbial Solutions in Agriculture The BioAg Alliance: Unleashing the Potential of Microbial Solutions in Agriculture Novozymes & Monsanto JOINT MEDIA ANNOUNCEMENT DECEMBER 10, 2013 Forward-Looking Statements As It Pertains to Novozymes:

More information

CCR Biology - Chapter 9 Practice Test - Summer 2012

CCR Biology - Chapter 9 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Name: Class: Date: CCR Biology - Chapter 9 Practice Test - Summer 2012 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Genetic engineering is possible

More information

Lesson 13 Genetic modification

Lesson 13 Genetic modification 77 Lesson 13 modification 78 modification Suitable for: 14 16 years Curriculum and learning links: modification Learning objectives: Describe the process of genetic modification. Explain some of the ethical

More information

Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM)

Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Chapter 1: Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Introduction Pests are an inevitable problem faced by nursery growers. For the purposes of this document, the term pest refers to insects, diseases, weeds, slugs,

More information

1. Hazards Ignored 1.1 Health Hazards

1. Hazards Ignored 1.1 Health Hazards 1 of 5 23/03/2010 11:45 Institute of Science in Society www.i-sis.org.uk ISSN: 1474-1547 (print) ISSN: 1474-1814 (online) [Science in Society Webpage] 1. Hazards Ignored 1.1 Health Hazards 1.1.1 GM Crops

More information

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups:

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups: The agricultural statistics series will be based on the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that is located in the resource section and available from the Wikipedia web page (wiki.asfoc.ibge.gov.br).

More information

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity

Lesson Overview. Biodiversity. Lesson Overview. 6.3 Biodiversity Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral

More information

Implementation of Farmers' Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran

Implementation of Farmers' Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran Implementation of Farmers' Rights in the Islamic Republic of Iran CENESTA JULY 2010 This report was prepared by the Centre for Sustainable Development, an Iranian NGO, at the invitation of the Secretariat

More information

Overview of the Organic Japanese Agricultural Standard System

Overview of the Organic Japanese Agricultural Standard System Overview of the Organic Japanese Agricultural Standard System Standard and Labeling Division Food Safety and Consumer Affairs Bureau Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries March 2007 Content 1.

More information

Chemical Leasing in Agriculture

Chemical Leasing in Agriculture Chemical Leasing in Agriculture Presentation developed by Lakmini Edirisinghe, Vojislavka Satric, Reinhard Joas, Aleksander Startzev, Aleksander Uzunov, Maria Grineva Table of content 1. Background to

More information

THE CANOLA COUNCIL OF CANADA STRATEGIC PLAN IT S AMAZING WHAT ONE MORE BUSHEL OF CANADIAN CANOLA CAN DO.

THE CANOLA COUNCIL OF CANADA STRATEGIC PLAN IT S AMAZING WHAT ONE MORE BUSHEL OF CANADIAN CANOLA CAN DO. THE CANOLA COUNCIL OF CANADA STRATEGIC PLAN IT S AMAZING WHAT ONE MORE BUSHEL OF CANADIAN CANOLA CAN DO. WITH EVERY ADDITIONAL BUSHEL WE GROW AND SELL, WE STRENGTHEN THE POSITIVE IMPACT OF CANOLA. MORE

More information

Testbiotech analysis of EFSA Guidance on the environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants. Table of Contents

Testbiotech analysis of EFSA Guidance on the environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants. Table of Contents TESTBIOTECH Background 21-12-2010 Testbiotech analysis of EFSA Guidance on the environmental risk assessment of genetically modified plants EFSA s standards for environmental risk assessment not sufficient

More information

EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE. THE FUTURE OF ORGANIC PRODUCTION IN EUROPE Second panel National perspectives.

EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE. THE FUTURE OF ORGANIC PRODUCTION IN EUROPE Second panel National perspectives. ENVIRONMENTAL AND TERRITORY AREA EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE THE FUTURE OF ORGANIC PRODUCTION IN EUROPE Second panel National perspectives Annalisa Saccardo Bruxelles september 15th 2014 ITALIAN

More information

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Crop Production Capacity In North America - G.K. Pompelli CROP PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA

AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES Vol. II - Crop Production Capacity In North America - G.K. Pompelli CROP PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA CROP PRODUCTION CAPACITY IN NORTH AMERICA G.K. Pompelli Economic Research Service, U. S. Department of Agriculture, USA Keywords: Supply, policy, yields. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Past Trends in Demand

More information

Post-Market Oversight of Biotech Foods

Post-Market Oversight of Biotech Foods Post-Market Oversight of Biotech Foods IS THE SYSTEM PREPARED? MICHAEL R. TAYLOR and JODY S. TICK APRIL 2003 A report commissioned by the Pew Initiative on Food and Biotechnology and prepared by Resources

More information

Determining the Use of Technology in World Food and Fiber Production

Determining the Use of Technology in World Food and Fiber Production Lesson A8 1 Determining the Use of Technology in World Food and Fiber Production Unit A. Mechanical Systems and Technology Problem Area 8. Technology Systems Lesson 1. Determining the Use of Technology

More information

FOOD HYGIENE. Unit 1: Food Inspection. Topic: FOOD SAFETY - A SERIOUS PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUE Lecture 2

FOOD HYGIENE. Unit 1: Food Inspection. Topic: FOOD SAFETY - A SERIOUS PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUE Lecture 2 FOOD HYGIENE Unit 1: Food Inspection Topic: FOOD SAFETY - A SERIOUS PUBLIC HEALTH ISSUE Lecture 2 Objectives At the end of the session, students should be able to: Discuss the health, social & economic

More information

Effect of Pesticide in soil 346 BOT

Effect of Pesticide in soil 346 BOT Effect of Pesticide in soil 346 BOT The most common chemicals involved in causing soil pollution are: Petroleum hydrocarbons Heavy metals Pesticides Solvents Soil pollutant any factor which deteriorates

More information

June 27, 2016. United States Senate Washington, D.C. 20510. Re: GMO Labeling Bill - OPPOSE. Dear Senators,

June 27, 2016. United States Senate Washington, D.C. 20510. Re: GMO Labeling Bill - OPPOSE. Dear Senators, Center for Food Safety - Food and Water Watch Beyond Pesticides Biosafety Alliance - Abundance Cooperative Market - Cedar Circle Farm and Education Center - Central Park West CSA - Citizens for GMO Labeling

More information

OECD WORK On PESTICIDES and. vision for the future

OECD WORK On PESTICIDES and. vision for the future OECD WORK On PESTICIDES and Sustainable Pest Management A cooperative global approach to the regulation of agricultural pesticides and sustainable pest management. vision for the future A Introduction

More information

SCORING KEY AND RATING GUIDE

SCORING KEY AND RATING GUIDE FOR TEACHERS ONLY The University of the State of New York Le REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION LIVING ENVIRONMENT Tuesday, August 13, 2002 12:30 to 3:30 p.m., only SCORING KEY AND RATING GUIDE Directions

More information

UCF, College of Medicine BS Biotechnology MS Biotechnology/MBA Professional Science Masters Program in Biotechnology/MBA

UCF, College of Medicine BS Biotechnology MS Biotechnology/MBA Professional Science Masters Program in Biotechnology/MBA UCF, College of Medicine BS Biotechnology MS Biotechnology/MBA Professional Science Masters Program in Biotechnology/MBA Dr. Henry Daniell Pegasus Professor & University Board of Trustee Chair Dept. Mol.

More information

1. Matter that originates from a living organism or the products of their life processes.

1. Matter that originates from a living organism or the products of their life processes. Bio Vocabulary Review Name: Directions: Use the MONSTROUS word bank below to pair vocabulary terms with their definition. Each word will be used only once. A. Antibiotics B. Artificial Selection C. ATP

More information

Biosafety Council GUIDELINES TO COMPILE THE PUBLIC DOSSIER (NOVEMBER 2001) INFORMATION FOR THE NOTIFIER (VALID FOR 2002) G ENERAL INTRODUCTION

Biosafety Council GUIDELINES TO COMPILE THE PUBLIC DOSSIER (NOVEMBER 2001) INFORMATION FOR THE NOTIFIER (VALID FOR 2002) G ENERAL INTRODUCTION Biosafety Council Service of Biosafety and Biotechnology Dr W. Moens SECRETARIAT GUIDELINES TO COMPILE THE PUBLIC DOSSIER (NOVEMBER 2001) INFORMATION FOR THE NOTIFIER (VALID FOR 2002) G ENERAL INTRODUCTION

More information

GENE CLONING AND RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY

GENE CLONING AND RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY GENE CLONING AND RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY What is recombinant DNA? DNA from 2 different sources (often from 2 different species) are combined together in vitro. Recombinant DNA forms the basis of cloning.

More information

Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE

Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE CONTENTS Introduction..1 Convention Guidance... 2 Agricultural

More information

DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT RULES

DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT RULES DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT RULES The Government of the Union of Myanmar Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry Notification No. /12 Nay Pyi Taw, the Day of, 1374 M.E. (, 2012) In

More information

3 Food Standards Agency, London, UK

3 Food Standards Agency, London, UK Chapter six From Hazard to Risk e Assessing the Risk Charlotte Bernhard Madsen 1, Geert Houben 2, Sue Hattersley 3, Rene W.R. Crevel 4, Ben C. Remington 5, Joseph L. Baumert 5 1 DVM Research Leader Division

More information

Food Production (Dairy Food Safety Scheme) Amendment (Goat and Sheep Dairy Products) Regulation 2003

Food Production (Dairy Food Safety Scheme) Amendment (Goat and Sheep Dairy Products) Regulation 2003 New South Wales Food Production (Dairy Food Safety Scheme) Amendment (Goat and Sheep Dairy Products) Regulation 2003 under the Food Production (Safety) Act 1998 Her Excellency the Governor, with the advice

More information

Rising Concentration in Agricultural Input Industries Influences New Farm Technologies

Rising Concentration in Agricultural Input Industries Influences New Farm Technologies DECEMBER 2012 VOLUME 10, ISSUE 4 FEATURE ARTICLE Rising Concentration in Agricultural Input Industries Influences New Farm Technologies Keith Fuglie kfuglie@ers.usda.gov Paul Heisey pheisey@ers.usda.gov

More information

Patents on Seeds and Animals, Eggs & Bacon, Tomatoes and Melons

Patents on Seeds and Animals, Eggs & Bacon, Tomatoes and Melons Patents on Seeds and Animals, Eggs & Bacon, Tomatoes and Melons November 2011 Dr. Christoph Then www.no-patents-on-seeds.org Info@no-patents-on-seeds.org History of patent law English patent law of 17th

More information

World Human Cloning Policies

World Human Cloning Policies World Human Cloning Policies By Kathryn Wheat and Kirstin Matthews, Ph.D. The information in this section is provide to illustrate the diversity of approaches various different parts of the world are taking

More information

Genetic testing. The difference diagnostics can make. The British In Vitro Diagnostics Association

Genetic testing. The difference diagnostics can make. The British In Vitro Diagnostics Association 6 Genetic testing The difference diagnostics can make The British In Vitro Diagnostics Association Genetic INTRODUCTION testing The Department of Health published Our Inheritance, Our Future - Realising

More information

Adjuvants and Excipients

Adjuvants and Excipients Adjuvants and Excipients The Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) transferred the official responsibility to evaluate adjuvants and excipients used in Veterinary Biologics back to the Animal and Plant

More information

Animal Pharming: The Industrialization of Transgenic Animals December 1999

Animal Pharming: The Industrialization of Transgenic Animals December 1999 Animal Pharming: The Industrialization of Transgenic Animals December 1999 Animal pharming, the process of using transgenic animals to produce human drugs, is staking its claim in a lucrative world market.

More information