8 th Grade U.S. History Curriculum Bundle #10

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1 Title Suggested Dates Civil War / Reconstruction / STAAR Review Fri., March 27 Tues., April 21, 2015 (16 days) Big Idea/Enduring Understanding The Civil War and Reconstruction and the effects of each changed the U.S. in significant ways. Guiding Questions What is the significance of each of the following dates: ? What were the roles played by significant individuals during the Civil War? What were the causes of the Civil War and significant events of the Civil War? What are the economic, political, and social problems during Reconstruction and what was their impact on different groups? The resources included here provide teaching examples and/or meaningful learning experiences to address the District Curriculum. In order to address the TEKS to the proper depth and complexity, teachers are encouraged to use resources to the degree that they are congruent with the TEKS and research-based best practices. Teaching using only the suggested resources does not guarantee student mastery of all standards. Teachers must use professional judgment to select among these and/or other resources to teach the district curriculum. Knowledge & Skills with Student Expectations Specificity & Examples Suggested Resources (Read the note above) 8.1 History. The student understands traditional historical points of reference in U.S. history through The student is What are the major eras in U.S. history through 1877? 8.1A identify the major eras and events in U.S. history through 1877, including colonization, revolution, drafting of the Declaration of Independence, creation and ratification of the Constitution, religious revivals such as the Second Great Awakening, early republic, the Age of Jackson, westward expansion, reform movements, sectionalism, Civil War, and Reconstruction, and describe their causes and effects; Civil War ( ): Sectionalism (Northern Industrialism, Southern Agriculture/Slavery), Leaders, Reconstruction Amendments 8.1 History. The student understands traditional historical points of reference in U.S. history through The student is 8.1C explain the significance of the following dates: 1607, founding of Jamestown; 1620, arrival of the Pilgrims and signing of the Mayflower Compact; 1776, adoption of the Declaration of Independence; 1787, writing of the U.S. Constitution; 1803, Louisiana Purchase; and , Civil War. What is the significance of each of the following dates: ? Civil War Conflict between the North and South; issue of slavery, states rights (1863, Emancipation Proclamation) Page 1 of 5 Revised 7/10/2012

2 8.8 History. The student understands individuals, 8.8A explain the roles played by significant individuals during the Civil War, including Jefferson Davis, Ulysses S. Grant, Robert E. Lee, and Abraham Lincoln, and heroes such as congressional Medal of Honor recipients William Carney and Philip Bazaar; 8 th Grade U.S. History Curriculum Bundle #10 What were the roles played by significant individuals during the Civil War? Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. Davis was an active member of the United States Government from Mississippi before the secession of the Southern States before the Civil War Ulysses S. Grant United States General during the civil war. Grant served as commander of western armies and then overall commander of Union armies as the Commander of the Army of the Potomac. Grant accepted the surrender of Robert E. Lee at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865 Robert E. Lee Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War. Lee resigned from the United States Army following the secession of his home state of Virginia. Lee surrendered to General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse in April 1865 Abraham Lincoln President of the United States during the Civil War. Famous speeches included his First and Second Inaugural Addresses and the Gettysburg Address. Issued the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863 freeing all slaves in areas then in rebellion. He was assassinated in April 1865 by John Wilkes Booth. William Carney Phillip Bazaar Hypernlink? 8.8 History. The student understands individuals, 8.8B explain the causes of the Civil War, including sectionalism, states' rights, and slavery, and significant events of the Civil War, including the firing on Fort Sumter; the battles of Antietam, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg; the announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation; Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House; and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln; and What were the causes of the Civil War and significant events of the Civil War? Causes Sectionalism, states rights, slavery Firing on Fort Sumter Opening battle of the Civil War. Battle of Gettysburg Turning point of the Civil War in the east. Robert E. Lee s invasion of the north was turned back by the Army of the Potomac in July Battle of Antietam Single, bloodiest day in U.S. history Battle of Vicksburg General Ulysses S. Grant captured the city of Vicksburg completing the capture of the Mississippi River and cutting the Confederate States in half. Emancipation Proclamation Issued by President Lincoln on September 22, 1862, the Emancipation Proclamation declared that all slaves in states currently in rebellion after January 1, 1863 were free Assassination of President Lincoln Lincoln was assassinated on April 15, 1865 by John Wilkes Booth, a confederate sympathizer who blamed Lincoln for the South s looming defeat in the Civil War, during a play at Ford s Theatre in Washington D.C. Surrender at Appomattox Court House Lee surrender to Grant on April 19, 1865 therefore ending the war Advantages and disadvantages of the North and South before and during the Page 2 of 5 Revised 7/10/2012

3 Civil War Teacher Note: Antietam, Bull Run suggest teaching Lincoln s Assassination 8.8 History. The student understands individuals, 8.8C analyze Abraham Lincoln's ideas about liberty, equality, union, and government as contained in his first and second inaugural addresses and the Gettysburg Address and contrast them with the ideas contained in Jefferson Davis's inaugural address. life of the nation. The student is 8.9A evaluate legislative reform programs of the Radical Reconstruction Congress and reconstructed state governments; 8.22 Citizenship. The student understands the importance of effective leadership in a constitutional republic. The student is 8.22A analyze the leadership qualities of elected and appointed leaders of the United States such as George Washington, John Marshall, and Abraham Lincoln; and 8.16 Government. The student understands the process of changing the U.S. Constitution and the impact of amendments on American society. The What were Abraham Lincoln s ideas about liberty, equality, union, and government as contained in his first and second inaugural addresses and the Gettysburg Address? What were the differences between Lincoln s ideas in these speeches and Jefferson Davis s inaugural address? First Inaugural Address Argued passionately for the preservation of union. Promised he had no intent to abolish slavery. Second Inaugural Address Fight for restoration of peace and the Union. Malice towards none, with charity towards all. Gettysburg Address The country should have a new birth of freedom. The government of the people, by the people, and for the people shall be preserved. Jefferson Davis s Inaugural Address focused on states rights, compared the north controlling the south to Britain controlling the colonies. TEACHER NOTE: Analyze excerpts of each and look for ideas listed in the TEK What were the legislative reform programs of the Radical Reconstruction Congress and reconstructed state governments? Civil Rights Act of 1866 granted all citizenship all persons born in the United States except Native Americans Reconstruction Act of 1867 nullified all of Andrew Johnson s plans and divided the south into military districts Passage of the 14th Amendment granted citizenship to all person born or naturalized in the United States Passage of the 15th Amendment granted all men (except American Indians) the right to vote How did the leadership qualities of elected and appointed leaders impact the U.S. as a constitutional republic? Abraham Lincoln led the United States as President during the American Civil War. Through his leadership the Union was preserved and slavery eventually abolished after his assassination in How did 19 th century amendments impact life in the U.S.? 13th Amendment Abolished slavery in the United States. Page 3 of 5 Revised 7/10/2012

4 student is 8.16B describe the impact of 19th-century amendments, including the 13th, 14th, and 15th amendments, on life in the United States. 8 th Grade U.S. History Curriculum Bundle #10 14th Amendment Defined United States Citizenship and extend equal protection to all United States Citizens. Originally designed to protect the rights of the recently freed slaves but the 14th Amendment s usage has extended to other areas including civil rights and rights of the disabled. 15th Amendment Designed to protect the voting rights of African Americans males. life of the nation. The student is 8.9B evaluate the impact of the election of Hiram Rhodes Revels; life of the nation. The student is 8.9C explain the economic, political, and social problems during Reconstruction and evaluate their impact on different groups; and life of the nation. The student is 8.9D identify the effects of legislative acts such as the Homestead Act, the Dawes Act, and the Morrill Act. What was the impact of the election of Hiram Rhodes Revels? Hiram Rhodes Revels 1 st African American to be elected to the U.S. Senate. Senator from Mississippi. What are the economic, political, and social problems during Reconstruction and what was their impact on different groups? Panic of 1873 banks closed, stock market collapsed, 18,000 companies failed, economic depression Sharecropping led to a cycle of debt for African Americans Freedmen s Bureau Lincoln established this bureau for the task of feeding clothing war refugees in the South using army supplies, also helped former slaves Scalawags Southerners who worked with the Republicans Carpetbaggers Northerners who went south and became involved in the new states politics. They were called this because of the luggage they carried. Radical Republicans Congressmen who resisted Lincoln s plan to help the South Ku Klux Klan Secret society to undermine Republican rule and terrorize African Americans, white Republicans, carpetbaggers, teachers in African American schools and others who supported the Republican rule Sharecroppers Farmers who paid for the rent of their land, use of tools, and seeds with a share of their crops Black Codes passed by southern states to limit the rights of African Americans What were the effects of legislative acts such as the Homestead Act, the Dawes Act, and the Morrill Act? Homestead Act 1867 offered 160 acres of land free to anyone who agreed to live on it and improve it for five years Dawes Act 1887 distributed reservation land to individual Native American owners Morrill Act 1862 each state is granted land for an agricultural college with a Page 4 of 5 Revised 7/10/2012

5 military component 30,000 acres 8.10 Geography. The student understands the location and characteristics of places and regions of the United States, past and present. The student is 8.10A locate places and regions of importance in the United States during the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries; 8.30 Social studies skills. The student communicates in written, oral, and visual forms. The student is 8.30A use social studies terminology correctly; North (Union) South (Confederacy) Border States Washington DC Richmond New Orleans Mississippi River Page 5 of 5 Revised 7/10/2012

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection.

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