I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with. a. Surrounded by water from the, and. b. North is blocked by. Italy is divided in half by"

Transcription

1 Ancient Rome Geography I. The Italian Peninsula shares much of its weather with Like Greece, Italy is a a. Surrounded by water from the, and b. North is blocked by I Italy is divided in half by IV. Area on the west side of the mountains is known as a. Large hilly area fed by b. Fertile ground, easy to grow crops of all kinds V. Because the largest civilization sprung up in, they and their language were called Foundation of Rome I. The Legend (2 slides) 1

2 A tribe of Latins chose for the site of the Capital, area offered several advantages a. Rome was surrounded by, made it easy to b. Situated on the, which provides access to c. Surrounded by good I Romans and Greeks a. Between settlers from established colonies on Italy, known as. b. Early Romans learned about Greek society and began to c. Roman gods were essentially copies of Greek gods with different names i. Examples: IV. Structure of Government a. Early Romans ruled by b. Advised by a made up of c. Senate chosen from 2

3 d. To maintain control of the religion, Rome established the office of i. In charge of ii. Was to serve on a basis The Etruscans I. Around, a tribe known as the Etruscans moved into Northern Italy a. Believed to have come from i. Legends claim they were fleeing destruction of b. Etruscans merged with the Romans, Etruscan ruled Rome for Etruscans brought similar to and adapted it to fit I Knew advanced a. Turned Rome from into IV. Etruscan Buildings a. The Circus Maximus: 3

4 b. The Temple of Jupiter: c. The Cloaca Maxima: d. The Forum: V. End of the Kings a. Last king of Rome was i. Son attacked ii. Father chose to protect his son from punishment iii. People so outraged they iv. Replace king with 4

5 Roman Republic I. The term Republic comes from two Latin words, meaning Society divided into three major classes a. : b. : c. : 5

6 Roman Government I. Roman government known as, which stands for, or Symbol of Rome was the, a bundle of to symbolize and an to symbolize. a. Armies bearing it were supposed to before entering the city to I Consuls: IV. Senate V. Other Offices a. The Assemblies 6

7 i. Below the Senate were local governments known as 1. Made up of organized into to handle local law b. The Censors i. Two censors were to run and 1. Could Roman citizens c. Praetors i. Acted as, interpreted and decided on VI. Dictator V Roman law was kept on a. Displayed in the b. Each dealt with a different subject such as VI Roman Philosophers a. Upon conquering the Romans adopted most of the and opened their own b. Purely Roman tended to reject the ideas of i. Philosophy was based on the idea that c. Stoicism 7

8 i. Created by during the 1. Believed most important thing about a human being was 2. Held that was sufficient for life 3. Most famous proponent was who wrote a book called a. Argued d. Epicurianism i. Created by ii. Held that finding should be the primary pursuit of mankind 1. Also known as 2. Motto: Early Trials I. 390BCE: A group of warriors from, led by attack Rome a. They the city i. Definition: b. Surviving Romans forced to pay to get them to leave c. Romans move to ensure city never attacked again Pyrrhic Wars a. Rome begins to expand defeating tribes and taking territory b. Greeks in the South, fearing attack demand Romans c. Romans refuse, Greeks send to defeat them d. He wins every battle he fights against Romans 8

9 i. But he ii. Forced to iii. Roman conquers I Punic Wars a. Rome faces direct competition from b. Fight three long bloody wars against them i. 1 st Punic War ii. 2 nd Punic War (2 slides) 9

10 iii. 3 rd Punic War Rome Expands I. After defeating Carthage, Rome began conquering and Used professional army of a. Could field thousands of highly trained soldiers b. Used conquered lands as a form of, granting it to and taking c. Those who showed loyalty to Rome could become and be treated equally I Slave Rebellion a. As number of slaves increase, poor farmers forced b. Efforts to help poor blocked by c. In, a named leads a rebellion of that nearly destroys the city d. Eventually he is captured and he and 6,000 allies are e. Led to Rise of Julius Caesar 10

11 I. By Roman army had swelled with a. Wealthy generals paid b. Gaius Julius Caesar was born into i. Joined the army at, won the the highest c. Rose through military and was eventually elected i. Used position to spread d. Returned to military in i. Created secret ii. Joined by two wealthiest men in the city 1. Known as the Death of Crassus a. Crassus leads men to in to capture the city i. Arrogant but inept military leader repeatedly ii. Is captured and b. Pompey and Caesar I Julius Caesar a. Now one of the wealthiest men in Rome he is elected in i. Took command of Roman troops to conquer 1. Became b. Pompey worries that i. Manipulates Senate into c. Believing he will be, Caesar marches his army into i. Starts a civil war ii. Pompey flees to and then 11

12 iii. Caesar conquers Egypt with help of who has d. Caesar declares himself i. After being cornered, Pompey ii. Caesar writes new and declares himself IV. Caesar s brief rule a. Rebuilds a new larger b. Reforms the calendar i. Adds three new months to make it more in-line with 1. Including for his and named after ii. Moves from a to a calendar iii. Creates a in the month of V. Assassination a. Senators see their powers, plot to before he can become a new i. Plot led by, one of Caesar s ii. On the Caesar enters Senate and is VI. Aftermath a. Touches off between the and the, and then between 12

13 13

Assessment: From Republic to Empire

Assessment: From Republic to Empire Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. Assessment: From Republic to Empire 1. Which of the following did Rome do during the first period of expansion, before 264 B.C.E.?

More information

CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers

CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers CHAPTER 10 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC Study Guide Answers 1. Describe the geography of Italy. In geography terms, Italy is a peninsula. It has a rugged landscape with many mountains and hills. It is surrounded

More information

Chapter 5 Ancient Rome

Chapter 5 Ancient Rome Chapter 5 Ancient Rome The Latins settled near the Tiber River around 750 B.C. and established the city of Rome a short time later. They borrowed many ideas from the Phoenician and Greek civilizations

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 THE ROMANS BOARD QUESTIONS WHY WERE THE GRACCHUS BROTHERS KILLED? WHO WAS MARIUS? WHY IS SULLA IMPORTANT? WHO WAS IN THE FIRST TRIUMVIRATE? WHO WAS IN THE SECOND TRIUMVIRATE? TERMS

More information

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance

World History: Ancient Civilizations Through the Renaissance Geography and the Rise of Rome The Big Idea Main Ideas Rome s location and government helped it become a major power in the ancient world. The geography of Italy made land travel difficult but helped the

More information

THE ORIGINS OF ROME. Name

THE ORIGINS OF ROME. Name THE ORIGINS OF ROME Name According to legend, the city of Rome was founded in 753 B.C. by Romulus and Remus, twin sons of the god Mars and a Latin princess. The twins were abandoned on the Tiber River

More information

CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic

CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic CHAPTER 14 - The Roman Republic 509 BC - 30 BC Section 1: The Government * Head of Roman Republic = - were administrators & - had the power to = * Senate - 300 men - chosen - handled - discussed ways to

More information

The Spread of Roman Power

The Spread of Roman Power The Spread of the Roman Republic The Spread of Roman Power Roman legions fight to expand the empire Controlled central Italy by 390 BC Were defeated an had Rome destroyed by the Gauls They rebuilt and

More information

EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Notes

EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE. Notes EARLY ROMAN EMPIRE Notes I. Later Conquests A. 50 BC - Rome conquered all of Mediterranean region 1. Including Greece and Macedonia I. Later Conquests B. How? 1. Will of the people, loyalty to republic

More information

Rome: From Village to Empire

Rome: From Village to Empire Rome: From Village to Empire Topography and Geography Like Greece, Italy is a mountainous peninsula Apennines & Alps Fertile plains in the north below the Alps Favorable climate, fertile land and constant

More information

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion

Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Unit 7 Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion Lesson 2 The Republic and Roman Expansion 1. checks and balances a. A government with three parts 2. civic duty b. The most powerful elected officials in

More information

Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the Roman Empire

Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the Roman Empire Ch 6 Section 2 Birth of the ª Weakening Republic-had lasted 400 years ª Soldiers have no land ª Republic out growing itself ª Bureaucracy - nobles to big (greed) ª Reform needed???? 1 Birth of the ª 2

More information

The Roman Republic. 1. What is the meaning of policies in the context of the above passage?

The Roman Republic. 1. What is the meaning of policies in the context of the above passage? CARCI Middle School Pt. 1 The Roman Republic 1 The Roman Republic The ancient city of Rome was at the center of the peninsula we now call Italy. After being ruled by kings, the Romans formed a republic.

More information

The Roman Republic. The Growth and Expansion

The Roman Republic. The Growth and Expansion The Roman Republic The Growth and Expansion January 4, 2016 AIM: To what extent does the political legacy of Ancient Rome continue today? DO NOW: Prepare for outline quiz. Homework: Outline The Rise of

More information

Assessment: The Rise of the Roman Republic

Assessment: The Rise of the Roman Republic Name Date Assessment: The Rise of the Roman Republic 1. Who first ruled early Rome? A. Etruscan kings B. military consuls C. Roman senators D. plebeian assemblies 2. According to legend, events on a visit

More information

Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world?

Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Essential Question: What factors led to the collapse of the Roman Empire & what effect did the fall of Rome have on the Mediterranean world? Warm Up Question: On the cartoon on the next slide, identify

More information

The Rise of the Roman Republic

The Rise of the Roman Republic In the Roman republic, elected senators debated and interpreted the laws. CHAPTER The Rise of the Roman Republic 33.1 Introduction In the last chapter, you learned about Etruscan and Greek influences on

More information

The Rise of Ancient Rome

The Rise of Ancient Rome 1 Chapter 8 The Rise of Ancient Rome Section 1 The Roman Republic Section 2 The Roman Empire Notebook Number Mr. Graver Old World Cultures Name Period 2 Just when you thought an Empire couldn t get any

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes**

Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes** Name Period Ancient Rome: The Late Republic Notes** Rome continued to grow throughout the Republic Era Rome conquered people because they were threats to Rome o Gauls (French) conquered Rome in 387BCE

More information

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE)

WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE CE) WORLD HISTORY CHAPTER 5 HOMEWORK PACKET: Rome and the Rise of Christianity (600 BCE - 500 CE) Take-Home Homework Packet 100 Points Honor Code I understand that this is an independent assignment and that

More information

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500

Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Chapter 5: Rome and the Rise of Christianity, 600 B.C. A.D. 500 Rome began as a small village and became the seat of power of one of the greatest empires the world has known. The Romans were greatly influenced

More information

THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY

THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY THE CRISIS OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC THE ROMAN MILITARY Every male property owning citizen Service was for 16 years Infantry and Cavalry Brutal but effective discipline LEGIONS 5000 infantry men Strong personal

More information

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3)

Rome: Rise and Fall Of An Empire: Julius Caesar (Disc 1.3) 1 Name Date 1. What was the condition of Rome when Julius Caesar was born in 100 B.C.E.? 2. Why was Young Caesar kidnapped? 3. What kind of captor was Caesar? 4. How and why did Caesar enter politics in

More information

1. Classical Greece BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD The Americas 1000 BC AD Empires of China and India 350

1. Classical Greece BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD The Americas 1000 BC AD Empires of China and India 350 The Growth of Civilizations 1. Classical Greece - 2100 BC 150 BC 2. Rome and Early Christianity 750 BC AD 500 3. The Americas 1000 BC AD 1500 4. Empires of China and India 350 BC AD 600 Rome and Early

More information

Rome: Birth of the Republic

Rome: Birth of the Republic Rome: Birth of the Republic Geography of Italy Center of the Mediterranean basin Romans called it Mare Nostrum, Mountain barriers in the north running down the length of the Italian peninsula Moderately

More information

Unit 4 The Romans. Chapter 7

Unit 4 The Romans. Chapter 7 Unit 4 The Romans Chapter 7 Rise of Rome Land and Peoples of Rome Apennine Mountains Rome Crossroads of the Mediterranean Latins, Etruscans and Greeks Rise of Rome The Roman Republic Etruscan kings overthrown

More information

The Mighty Roman Empire

The Mighty Roman Empire The Mighty Roman Empire The City of Rome Rome was founded around 753 b.c. How did it start? A story says that two brothers were raised by a wolf. Their names were Romulus (RAWMyuh-luhs) and Remus (REEmuhs).

More information

(c) Student Handouts, Inc.

(c) Student Handouts, Inc. The Establishment of the Roman Republic (c) Student Handouts, Inc. www.studenthandouts.com Geography of Rome Protection for Rome and Italy Rome built on seven hills Alps Barrier to the north Seas Barriers

More information

Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic

Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic Chapter 7 Section 1 Founding the Roman Republic Identify the role of geography played in Italy s and Rome s development Describe the form of government of the Roman Republic Explain the Conflict of the

More information

Ancient Rome. The Late Republic. Clip Art

Ancient Rome. The Late Republic. Clip Art Ancient Rome The Late Republic Clip Art Growing Threats Rome continued to grow throughout the Republic Era Rome conquered people because they were threats to Rome Gauls (French) conquered Rome in 387BCE,

More information

Wednesday, November 21, 2012 ANCIENT ROME

Wednesday, November 21, 2012 ANCIENT ROME ANCIENT ROME VOCABULARY POWER Roman Republic- Government in which officials were chosen by the people Senate- A council of nobles that passed laws and handled foreign affairs Patrician- The landholding

More information

The Roman Republic. Determining Main Ideas The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided.

The Roman Republic. Determining Main Ideas The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided. Section 1 The Roman Republic The following questions deal with the early Roman republic. Answer them in the space provided. 1. What characterizes a republic as a form of government? 2. What were the differences

More information

Complete the worksheet on the table for Bellwork. Homework: Progress reports must be signed and brought back by Friday (5 points)

Complete the worksheet on the table for Bellwork. Homework: Progress reports must be signed and brought back by Friday (5 points) Life in the Forum Complete the worksheet on the table for Bellwork Homework: Progress reports must be signed and brought back by Friday (5 points) Objectives: I can compare the system of Greek democracy

More information

Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic KEY IDEA: The early Romans made a republic. It grew in power and spread its influence.

Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic KEY IDEA: The early Romans made a republic. It grew in power and spread its influence. Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 CHAPTER OVERVIEW: The Romans make a republic in Italy and rise to power, but the internal struggle for control of their growing strength

More information

World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500

World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 World History (Survey) Chapter 6: Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Section 1: The Romans Create a Republic The city of Rome was founded by the Latin people on a river in the center

More information

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline

Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline Rise of the Roman Republic Timeline 509 BCE: Tarquin the Proud, the last king of Rome, was overthrown by a group of patricians upset over his abuse of power. The Roman Republic was proclaimed. 494 BCE:

More information

Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide

Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide Name: Hour Ancient Rome & the Rise of Christianity Reading Guide Chapter 6 Section 1; The Roman Republic (p. 155) Origins of Rome 1. Who were Romulus & Remus and what did they do? Rome s Geography 2. How

More information

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs?

Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire. Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? Chapter 34 From Republic to Empire Did the benefits of Roman expansion outweigh the costs? 34.1. Introduction Emicristea /Dreamstime The Romans celebrated their military victories by building structures

More information

Some of Italy s mountains were volcanic. Their eruptions could devastate Roman towns. They also built cities near rivers for a source of fresh water.

Some of Italy s mountains were volcanic. Their eruptions could devastate Roman towns. They also built cities near rivers for a source of fresh water. The Roman Republic Geography Rome s location helped it become a major power in the ancient world. The geography of Italy made land travel difficult but helped the Romans prosper. Most of Italy is covered

More information

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome 6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 10 Ancient Rome 1 Lesson 1: Objectives The students will be able to explain how the Romans borrowed ideas from other cultures The students will be able to explain the importance

More information

Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire

Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Name: Date: Pd: Chapter 11 Rome: Republic to Empire Lesson 11.1 The Founding of Rome I. The Beginning of Rome The Romans learned from surrounding and used their new knowledge to build a empire. Roman rule

More information

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes

Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes 1 Ancient Rome: Reexamined Blackline Master Quizzes Blackline Master Quizzes for Ancient Rome: Reexamined Program One - The Rise of the Roman Republic Blackline Master 1A Quiz Please circle the best answer

More information

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE.

SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. SSWH3 THE STUDENT WILL EXAMINE THE POLITICAL, PHILOSOPHICAL, AND CULTURAL INTERACTION OF CLASSICAL MEDITERRANEAN SOCIETIES FROM 700 BCE TO 400 CE. A. COMPARE THE ORIGINS AND STRUCTURE OF THE GREEK POLIS,

More information

The Roman Republic. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 10/25/2011. Chapter 6

The Roman Republic. Chapter Outline. Chapter Outline 10/25/2011. Chapter 6 The Roman Republic Chapter 6 Chapter Outline The Romans built a great city The Roman Republic spread its power Republican government collapsed in Rome Chapter Outline The Romans built a great city What

More information

ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE. Name

ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE. Name ROME BUILDS AN EMPIRE Name SETTING THE STAGE As Rome enlarged its territory, its republican form of government grew increasingly unstable. Eventually, the Roman Republic gave way to the formation of a

More information

Eyewitness Projects. FACT The Romans admired and copied the realistic figures in Greek art and sculpture. FACT FACT. The Greeks.

Eyewitness Projects. FACT The Romans admired and copied the realistic figures in Greek art and sculpture. FACT FACT. The Greeks. Early Rome The Roman Empire was one of the biggest and bestorganized empires in history. It began more than two thousand years ago, with the founding of the city of Rome in the country now called Italy.

More information

CivEd Unit 4 Rome and Christianity

CivEd Unit 4 Rome and Christianity Aim: The Roman Empire Question: Why 2 consuls? More to learn on this later! I. Roman Republic A. Rome located at heart of Italy B. At first Rome ruled by patricians (noble men) 2 consuls, 300 senators

More information

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. From the beginning of the Republic, the patricians were often challenged by the common people.

Name Class Date. Vocabulary Builder. 1. From the beginning of the Republic, the patricians were often challenged by the common people. Section 1 DIRECTIONS Look up the vocabulary terms in the word bank in a dictionary. For each term, write the dictionary definition that is closest to the definition used in your textbook. constitution

More information

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ANCIENT ROME

I N V E S T I C E D O R O Z V O J E V Z D Ě L Á V Á N Í ANCIENT ROME ANCIENT ROME The Italian Peninsula and its settlement At the beginning the Italian Peninsula was inhabited by the Etruscans, the Latins, the Phoenicians and the Greeks. The Etruscans we do not know for

More information

December 9, I will be able to explain what happened when the Etruscans & Greeks came in contact with the Latins of Italy.

December 9, I will be able to explain what happened when the Etruscans & Greeks came in contact with the Latins of Italy. December 9, 2014 I will be able to explain what happened when the Etruscans & Greeks came in contact with the Latins of Italy. I can describe the difference between a Republic and a Democracy? Homework:

More information

The Gracchus Brothers

The Gracchus Brothers The Gracchus Brothers (Tiberius and Gaius) The rise, and eventual assassination of the Gracchus brothers, Tiberius and Gaius, is often considered the first step towards the fall of the Roman Republic.

More information

GRECO ROMAN WORLD PART II ROME: FROM BEGINNING TO END 509 BCE

GRECO ROMAN WORLD PART II ROME: FROM BEGINNING TO END 509 BCE GRECO ROMAN WORLD ROME: FROM BEGINNING TO END 753 BCE the legendary date for the founding of Rome Romulus and Remus, twin brothers and sons of Mars, founded the the city on the Tiber river PART II 509

More information

Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece:

Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece: Aim: How did Greek geography affect its development? Do Now: 1. Based on the picture on the board, list two features of the physical geography of Greece: I. Greece s Physical Geography: A. Greece is a

More information

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome

Unit 7 Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome Unit 7 Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome Lesson 1 Geography and the Rise of Rome Fill in the Blank 1. Because Italy is surrounded by, the Romans could travel easily by sea to other parts of the world.

More information

Ancient World History Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity. A. Geography and Peoples of Italy a.

Ancient World History Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity. A. Geography and Peoples of Italy a. Ancient World History Chapter 6 Ancient Rome and the Rise of Christianity Section 1 a. The Roman World Takes Shape A. Geography and Peoples of Italy a. b. Geography i. Rome is located right in the center

More information

Study Guide for Ancient Greece

Study Guide for Ancient Greece Name: Class: Date: Study Guide for Ancient Greece The Romans so admired them, that they adopted many of their cultural ideas. Even today, Greek art, ideas, and mythology still play an important role in

More information

Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD. Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G

Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD. Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G Ancient Rome 509 BC 476 AD Chapter 6 Western Civilizations I - G The Roman World Takes Shape Chapter 6, Section 1 Geography of Italy Boot-shaped peninsula in the central Mediterranean Rome is located in

More information

Which tyrannical king did Lucius Junius Brutus help expel? A Tarquin the Proud B Tarquin the Cruel C Tarquin the Ugly

Which tyrannical king did Lucius Junius Brutus help expel? A Tarquin the Proud B Tarquin the Cruel C Tarquin the Ugly Let s Begin On March 15th, 44 BCE, Roman dictator Julius Caesar was assassinated by a group of about 60 of his own senators. Why did these self-titled Liberators want him dead? And why did Brutus, whose

More information

The Rise of Democratic Ideas. Prologue Important ideas that led to modern democracy can be traced back through history

The Rise of Democratic Ideas. Prologue Important ideas that led to modern democracy can be traced back through history The Rise of Democratic Ideas Prologue Important ideas that led to modern democracy can be traced back through history The Legacy of Ancient Greece and Rome Ancient Greece Cities develop in small fertile

More information

Global Foundations. Peloponnesian War thirty-year war between Athens and Sparta, Sparta won

Global Foundations. Peloponnesian War thirty-year war between Athens and Sparta, Sparta won Name: Global Foundations GREECE GEOGRAPHY: Greece is a large mountainous peninsula surrounded by hundreds of islands in the Mediterranean Sea Greece has an irregular coastline which creates many natural

More information

Lesson 3 The Rise of Napoleon and the Napoleonic Wars

Lesson 3 The Rise of Napoleon and the Napoleonic Wars Reading Essentialsand Study Guide The French Revolution and Napoleon Lesson 3 The Rise of Napoleon and the Napoleonic Wars ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS What causes revolution? How does revolution change society?

More information

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: Ancient Rome: Government and Economy You are about to go back in time to a place called Ancient Rome! As you move back

More information

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Sicily. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection 1000 B.C.

NAME DATE CLASS. Adriatic. Ionian. Sea. Sicily. Strait of Messina. 100 miles km Azimuthal Equidistant projection 1000 B.C. Lesson 1 The Founding of Rome ESSENTIAL QUESTION How does geography influence the way people live? GUIDING QUESTIONS 1. What effect did geography have on the rise of Roman civilization? 2. How did Rome

More information

The Roman Republic MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES

The Roman Republic MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES 1 The Roman Republic MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW TERMS & NAMES POWER AND AUTHORITY The early Romans established a republic, which grew powerful and spread its influence. Some of the most fundamental values

More information

Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Republic

Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Republic Honors History of Western Civilizations The Roman Chapter: 4 Essential Questions 1) How did the Romans unify the Italian Peninsula despite wars & internal struggles of plebeians vs. patricians for political

More information

Ancient Rome. Table of Contents

Ancient Rome. Table of Contents Table of Contents 0. Unit Challenge 1. Physical Geography & Climate 2. The Roman Republic 3. Growth of the Roman Republic 4. From Republic to Empire 5. Religion 6. Spread of Christianity 7. Culture 8.

More information

THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE

THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE THE BEGINNING OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE Think About As You Read 1. Where did the Roman Empire begin? 2. Why was Roman law important? 3. How were Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar good rulers for Rome? Terms,

More information

Classical Civilizations Test Review

Classical Civilizations Test Review Name: Period: Classical Civilizations Test Review Ancient Greece Geography 1. Describe the geography of Greece. Mountainous, hilly and rocky terrain, short rivers, mostly surrounded by water 2. How did

More information

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire

WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire WHI.06, Part 1: Roman Republic and Empire Objective: The student will demonstrate knowledge of ancient Rome from about 700 B.C. to 500 A.D. in terms of its impact on Western civilization by a) assessing

More information

HIS 207:001 August 30, 2011

HIS 207:001 August 30, 2011 HIS 207:001 August 30, 2011 Less widespread, less numerous than the Etruscans Romans were one group of Latins All linguistically and culturally similar 1% of Italian peninsula Located in Latium Western

More information

Ancient Greece Military & Battles

Ancient Greece Military & Battles Ancient Greece Military & Battles traditional battle formations Individual combats Group ambush but no organized formation Greek Hoplites (c. 650 BCE) Greek generals trained their soldiers to fight in

More information

Painting showing the. Cloaca Maxima

Painting showing the. Cloaca Maxima View of early Rome from west side of the Tiber River Painting showing the Cloaca Maxima Cloaca maxima -- the big sewer draining Forum Ponte rotto (broken bridge) - early bridge over Tiber ROMAN RELIGION

More information

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives

Ancient Rome Unit Plan Unit Overview Rationale Goals and Essential questions Objectives Ancient Rome Unit Plan Name: Laura Johnson Unit Overview This unit will focus on Ancient Rome, the rise of the Roman Republic, the transition of that republic to an empire, and the fall of that empire.

More information

Retrieved from The website also provides a nice interactive view which breaks down the symbolism of the portrait.

Retrieved from  The website also provides a nice interactive view which breaks down the symbolism of the portrait. Citation of Sources Document 1: Source: McDougal Littel, World History: Ancient Civilizations (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company) page 157 Document 2: Source: Emperor Claudius, Annals (11.23)

More information

The Geography of Rome

The Geography of Rome The Geography of Rome Around 3,000 years ago, a tribe of people known as the Latins settled on the hilltops above the Tiber river. This cluster of small villages eventually grew to become the city of Rome

More information

NAME: 7th GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET,

NAME: 7th GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET, NAME: 7th GRADE SOCIAL STUDIES FINAL EXAM REVIEW PACKET, 2011-2012 PART I: ROMAN & GREEK GODS & GODDESSES Who was the Roman counterpart of: Apollo Aphrodite Ares Artemis Athena Demeter Dionysus Hades Hephaestus

More information

Ancient Greece. G.R.A.P.E.S Method Source: Glenco World History

Ancient Greece. G.R.A.P.E.S Method Source: Glenco World History Ancient Greece G.R.A.P.E.S Method Source: Glenco World History Geography Geography: Impact Greek civilization developed in a mountainous area with islands surrounding it. Consisted of small plains and

More information

ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS

ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS ANCIENT ROME QUESTIONS NAME HR. Go to this address: http://www.mythologyteacher.com/romanmain.html, and use the information presented there to answer the following questions. 1. Has marriage changed much

More information

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500

Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Ancient Rome and Early Christianity, 500 B.C. A.D. 500 Civilizations emerge and develop on fertile river plains in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China. Augustus (63 B.C. A.D. 14), first Roman

More information

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction

Chapter 7. Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE. I. Introduction Chapter 7 Rome and Its Empire OUTLINE I. Introduction The center of Mediterranean civilization shifted from Greece and its Hellenistic successor states to Rome, in part because of the skill and organization

More information

Ancient Greece Exercises 1

Ancient Greece Exercises 1 Ancient Greece Exercises 1 1 A N S W E R T H E Q U E S T I O N S I N Y O U R O W N W O R D S! When and where did civilization in the eastern Mediterranean Sea begin? Who were the Dorians and where did

More information

Ancient Rome Week 1. Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire.

Ancient Rome Week 1. Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire. Ancient Rome Week 1 Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire. ANCIENT ROME Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire; the Rise and

More information

Cleopatra. Attorney #2 will ask questions to the witnesses for the prosecution. Attorney #3 will ask questions to the witnesses for the defense.

Cleopatra. Attorney #2 will ask questions to the witnesses for the prosecution. Attorney #3 will ask questions to the witnesses for the defense. Trial of Julius Caesar (An Alternate History) Instructions What if Julius Caesar had not been assassinated on the Ides of March 44 BCE? What if, instead, he had been arrested and put on trial for the destruction

More information

Chapter 5 Test: Roman Rebublic/Empire

Chapter 5 Test: Roman Rebublic/Empire Chapter 5 Test: Roman Rebublic/Empire Matching (1pt each) Match the terms to the descriptions. a. latifundia f. Virgil b. republic g. mercenaries c. Ptolemy h. legion d. heresy i. Augustine e. dictator

More information

Assessment: The Civil War

Assessment: The Civil War Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. Assessment: The Civil War 1. Which of these was a Northern advantage at the start of the Civil War? A. highly trained soldiers

More information

Unit 3. Classical Civilizations

Unit 3. Classical Civilizations Unit 3 Classical Civilizations 1 Unit 3 - Classical Civilizations Classical Civilizations Define Map Timeline Maurya (India) Han (China) The Fall of Empires Greece Rome 2 I. Location of Classical Civilizations

More information

Section 1- Geography and the Early Greeks

Section 1- Geography and the Early Greeks Name: Class: Date: 6 th Grade World History Chapter 8 Study Guide: Ancient Greece Section 1- Geography and the Early Greeks 1) Complete the chart below to show how geography shaped the lives of early Greeks.

More information

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 9 Ancient Greece

6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 9 Ancient Greece 6th Grade Social Studies Chapter 9 Ancient Greece 1 Why We Remember (p.245) Read why we remember 1. Why might events in this chapter be important to you? 2. Tell anything you already know about ancient

More information

Section 1. Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic Wars

Section 1. Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic Wars Ancient Rome BCE-CE The Romans knew how to govern people, establish legal structures and construct roads that took them to the ends of their known world 1 Section 1 Geography Origins of Rome Republic Punic

More information

Government and Society

Government and Society N2 SECTION Government and Society What You Will Learn Main Ideas 1. Roman government was made up of three parts that worked together to run the city. 2. Written laws helped keep order in Rome. 3. The Roman

More information

Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide

Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide Ancient Rome: Expansion and Conquest: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Ancient History Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description They came, they saw, they conquered. They

More information

Document A: Map. Document B: Coins

Document A: Map. Document B: Coins Document A: Map Document B: Coins Context: The denarius was a silver coin used in the Roman Empire. On the front side of the coin is the head of Octavian and the inscribed word CAESAR. On the back is a

More information

Ancient Greece 1000 BCE 200BCE

Ancient Greece 1000 BCE 200BCE Ancient Greece 1000 BCE 200BCE Overview Ancient Greece culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of the Mediterranean Sea and Europe, for which reason

More information

Unit: Fall of the Roman Empire

Unit: Fall of the Roman Empire Unit: Fall of the Roman Empire Lesson Title: Roman Law and Government (see pages 24-26 in textbook) Who needs government and laws? What would happen if the government in our country disappeared? What if

More information

Political/Military Events. Cultural/Religious Events

Political/Military Events. Cultural/Religious Events Historical Timeline This timeline is limited to the major events that are directly related to the timeframe and the overall theme of the exhibition. Because the relationships between polytheistic religions,

More information

Ancient Greece Greece and Persia. Cyrus Cylinder Describes Cyrus the Great conquering Babylon

Ancient Greece Greece and Persia. Cyrus Cylinder Describes Cyrus the Great conquering Babylon Ancient Greece Greece and Persia Cyrus Cylinder Describes Cyrus the Great conquering Babylon http://www.payvand.com/news/05/jan/cyrus-cylinder.jpg Persia Modern Day Iran Persian Empire began around 550BCE

More information

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Home and Culture

World Book Online: Ancient Rome: Home and Culture World Book Online: The most trusted, student-friendly reference tool online. Name: Date: Ancient Rome: Home and Culture You are about to go back in time to a place called ancient Rome! As you move back

More information

The Roman World Takes Shape

The Roman World Takes Shape Roman father and son 1 WITNESS HISTORY AUDIO A Proud Son Speaks of His Father If my character is flawed by a few minor faults, but is otherwise decent and moral, if you can point out only a few scat- tered

More information

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes

TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes TEACHER S KEY SESSION 1.PERIODS OF ROMAN HISTORY. 2. Listening and taking notes The origins of Rome- Legend and History 2,000 years ago Rome was the capital of the Roman Empire. The construction of Rome

More information