GIS & Remote Sensing Applications in Food Security

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "GIS & Remote Sensing Applications in Food Security"

Transcription

1 Margaret Kane December 16, 2014 NRS 509: Concepts in GIS & Remote Sensing University of Rhode Island Importance of GIS & Remote Sensing in Food Security Food security is defined as a household s availability to healthy food that is consistently accessible in order to sustain an active and healthy lifestyle (Stein 38). This security is threatened on a community and global level by three important factors; the access and availability of food in local environments, the effects of the changing climate on agriculture and natural resources, and the active participation in planning, developing, and managing effective strategies to optimize and sustain food production with the available existing land. Several strategies have been developed using Geospatial Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing techniques, which contribute knowledge and understanding to food security. These strategies include techniques which examine local food environments, assess changes in land use and land cover, identify areas of importance in specific regions to determine the relationships between biophysical and socioeconomic attributes, and the use of 3D models to demonstrate landscape and construct methods to sustain our food sources. GIS and Remote Sensing play significant roles in securing the future of our food production and our population. The importance of food security is directly linked to increases in population density, limitations on agriculture yields, and the spread of food deserts. Securing the Local Food Environment Food outlets such as supermarkets, small grocery stores, restaurants, and fast food restaurants comprise local food environments in urban, sub-urban, and rural communities. Studies have examined spatial and statistical association between access to these food sources and socioeconomic deprivation. Disadvantages that prevent communities from obtaining food security are the theories of Food Deserts and Food Swamps. Food Deserts are defined as impoverished areas where it is difficult to purchase fresh affordable food, most often found in urban communities. Food Swamps are defined as areas where socially disadvantaged communities are over exposed to unhealthy food, primarily fast food restaurants. Understanding the association between the spatial and statistical location of healthy and unhealthy food outlets in different communities gives a better insight to their local food environments. Food swamps and food deserts have been found in urban communities where access for food trucks may be difficult and fast-food restaurants have rapidly developed. Access to supermarkets, with higher availability and affordable healthy food, are primarily located in suburban and rural communities near major roadways (Stein). On a perception-based study, residents of targeted neighborhoods rated locations near supermarkets and small grocery stores to have higher variety and availability

2 of healthy low-fat foods (Latetia et al.) By understanding the spatial relationship of healthy and unhealthy food outlets, one is better able to examine and interpret factors needed to improve health issues such as obesity, type II diabetes, cardiovascular disease, malnutrition and hunger. Urban cities depend on transportation of food stock to support their communities. If highly populated cities have limited space for supermarkets and accessibility to supermarkets, residents are forced to turn to fast-food restaurants that have become highly available and are more affordable. Accessibility and availability to healthy, affordable food is a major threat to food security if communities are limited to these sources. In rural areas of the world such as Nigeria and other third world countries there is limited accessibility to outside food sources. These regions depend highly on their own agriculture production to sustain their populations. With increasing populations, urbanization leads to agriculture land fragmentation. Nigeria contains 71.3% of agriculture land. This high proportion of land is tended to by an inadequate amount of farm holders, weakening the security of agriculture land and productivity. When food security is minimal, residents travel to more secure regions. To optimize food production and create a sustainable region that has so much possibility for productivity, it is vital that proper planning, development, and management strategies be put into place for small farm holders in these rural regions to support their own populations (Soneye). Changing Food Production with the Environment Population trends have increased in all parts of the world. As a result, urbanization leads to fragmentation, primarily in open spaces and agricultural lands with potential to be developed. Safeguarding the source of production is essential to our survival and securing food supply. Coinciding with changes in populations and land use, climate plays an influencing factor on food production and biodiversity. GIS and Remote Sensing technologies such as satellites and software can be used to gather and map data concerning soil fertility, elevation models, population, poverty index, food production, and Landsat images. Correlating these data sets and analyzing them with GIS techniques is useful in analyzing changes in the climate and their effects on agriculture production (Ogechi and Hunja). GIS and Remote Sensing systems are also able to monitor changes in climate and demonstrate its effect on soil fertility, rainfall, growing conditions, and approaching food shortages. Remote Sensing systems such as the SPOT-4 and 5 satellites with the VEGETATION instrument create imagery on a global scale that can be used to identify disaster prone regions where changes in vegetation may become insecure. The FAO ARTEMIS is a widely used system to monitor food supply and demand conditions for proper preparation for disasters such as food shortages, droughts, and hunger. By monitoring rainfall, soil fertility and vegetation, disasters such as drought can be foreseen and proper planning can be put in to action to prevent catastrophic effects (Minamiguchi). Modeling the Future of GIS & RS in Food Security Moving forward, proper planning, development, and management of the existing agriculture lands and the farm holder s production practices will secure food supply on a regional and global scale. GIS and Remote Sensing applications provide the information and knowledge necessary to adapt sustainable agriculture practices and yield insight to threats caused by climate change and other environmental factors. 2

3 Droughts, floods, and erratic weather conditions pose a major threat to food security. A 3-Dimensional modeling GIS tool is another method used to illustrate landscape models that can be easily learned and understood. Collaboration to identify and evaluate targeted areas is made possible, thus enhancing cooperation between communities and institutions. Sustainable development can then be reached in all sectors of the globe, especially in third world countries that need to address these issues to eliminate hunger and optimize land use. (Banaynal and Dwamena). GIS and Remote Sensing are essential techniques used to better understand the changing relationships between food availability, the accessibility of land mass and the effects of climate change on agriculture production. By better understanding these relationships, proper planning can be made to prevent disasters related to food insecurity and we can strengthen sustainable practices thus securing food supply for future generations. Works Cited Banaynal, Romeo, and Ernest Dwamena. "Enhancing Food Security, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Planning in Ghana Using Participatory Three Dimensional Model Map." Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 4th ser. 13 (2011): Web. Minamiguchi, Naoki. "The Application of Geospatial and Disaster Information for Food Insecurity and Agricultural Drought Monitoring and Assessment by the FAO GIEWS and Asia FIVIMS." Workshop on Reducing Food Insecurity Associated with Natural Disasters in Asia and the Pacific FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand, (2005): Web. MS.pdf. Moore, Latetia V., Ana V. Roux, and Shannon Brines. "Comparing Perception-Based and Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-Based Characterizations of the Local Food Environment." Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 2nd ser. 85 (2008): Web. Ogechi, Benard A., and Waithaka E. Hunja. "Land Use Land Cover Changes and Implications For Food Production: A Case Study of Keumbu Region Kisii County, Kenya." International Journal of Science and Research 3.10 (2014): Web. Soneye, Alabi. "Farm Holdings in Northern Nigeria and Implication For Food Security: A Remote Sensing and GIS Assessment." African Journal of Food and Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 14.2 (2014): Web. < 3

4 Stein, Dana Beth, Food Deserts and Food Swamps in Hillsborough County, Florida: Unequal Access to Supermarkets and Fast-Food Restaurants (2011). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Annotated Bibliography 1. Banaynal, Romeo, and Ernest Dwamena. "Enhancing Food Security, Climate Change and Sustainable Development Planning in Ghana Using Participatory Three Dimensional Model Map." Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 4th ser. 13 (2011): Web. Floods, droughts, climate change, and unpredictable weather patterns threaten Northern Ghana s potentially high availability for agriculture and natural resources. The repercussions from these disasters will destroy Ghana s communities, biodiversity, natural ecosystems, and their food security. This paper presents a 3D modeling method as a planning and communication tool for community collaboration to address these rising issues that threaten Ghana s food security and sustainable future. Community-driven planning and collaboration efforts have made no progress. GIS 3D modeling presents an alternative method among the collaborated development agencies and beneficiary communities in Ghana. This GIS 3D modeling method can be used in community and regional level planning in order to work towards sustainable development. Once created, it can be understood to the learned and unlearned so that all collaborating planners can use this resource for developing ideas. This method is also beneficial in identifying areas of interest in Ghana that need to be addressed first in terms of urgency. The results of this GIS method allow collaborators to evaluate their landscape s biophysical and socioeconomic attributes. This paper proposes that 3D modeling mapping will support community based disaster and risk management, collaborative planning and research, collaborative protected area management, people empowerment, discovery learning, improving communication, traditional knowledge and intellectual property right, and monitoring and evaluation. By creating contour maps of Ghana, they were able to identify suitable ways to support food security in their region. 2. Minamiguchi, Naoki. "The Application of Geospatial and Disaster Information for Food Insecurity and Agricultural Drought Monitoring and Assessment by the FAO GIEWS and Asia FIVIMS." Workshop on Reducing Food Insecurity Associated with Natural Disasters in Asia and the Pacific FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok, Thailand, (2005): Web. MS.pdf. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) created a system that uses remote sensing technology to monitor vegetation and rainfall over a large area in near real-time, known as FAO Advanced Real Rime Environmental Monitoring Information System (ARTEMIS). The main users of this program are the FAO Global Information and Early Warning System (GIEWS) and the Asia Food Insecurity and Vulnerability Information and Mapping System (FIVIMS). These users take advantage of the FAO ARTEMIS system to monitor all 4

5 countries food supply and demand conditions. This system allows monitors advanced notice of food shortages, droughts, and threats of hunger at individual county or sub-regional levels. This system collects and archives crop growing conditions, food supply and rainfall. The GIS and remote sensing technologies utilizes the SPOT-4 and 5 satellites, targeting the VEGETATION instrument with a 1 km resolution that covers the entire globe s landmass. The advantage of collecting this data is that monitors have advance notice on droughts, food shortage, crop growing conditions, and other conditions that may threaten food security. The system provides a method of documenting data that influences food security in order to develop ways to improve food security and address disasters before they are full on by analyze the vulnerability of threatened regions through years of data collection. 3. Moore, Latetia V., Ana V. Roux, and Shannon Brines. "Comparing Perception-Based and Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-Based Characterizations of the Local Food Environment." Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine 2nd ser. 85 (2008): Web. Surveys measuring the perception of availability of healthy foods were distributed between January and August 2008 to a random sample of 5,988 adults in 685 census tracts in Forsyth County, NC, Baltimore City, Baltimore County, MD, Northern Manhattan, and the Bronx, NY. Surveys asked respondents to rate the extent of availability and quality of fruits and vegetables and selection of low-fat products in their neighborhood area, within a 20 minute walk from home. Supermarket and small store densities were estimated with a kernel density method and mapped using GIS software. Density values were assigned as density of supermarket per square mile within a mile of home. Each respondent was given a density value. Results show on average that respondents in areas with low supermarket densities perceive their local food availability as lowest, and respondents with high supermarket and small store densities have higher perceived availability and variety of healthy low fat foods. Supermarkets appear to have higher availability of healthy affordable fruits, vegetables, and low fat foods. Communities near these food outlets are perceived to have more variety and availability. 4. Ogechi, Benard A., and Waithaka E. Hunja. "Land Use Land Cover Changes and Implications For Food Production: A Case Study of Keumbu Region Kisii County, Kenya." International Journal of Science and Research 3.10 (2014): Web. Keumbu Region in Kisii County is experiencing a decrease in agriculture land due to high population increase, urbanization, and agriculture land fragmentation. The drastic change in land use and land cover has negatively impacted their food production and biodiversity, resulting in an insecure food source. This region in Kenya depends on agriculture practice to sustain their population, which is significantly increasing. Increasing populations require urbanization leading to land fragmentation. Agriculture land is limited and invaluable, especially with the effects of the changing climate on crop yield. This study analyses land use land cover changes and the effects on food production using GIS and Remote Sensing techniques. Topographic map sheets, Landsat Tm Images, 1989,1999 and 2009 demographic data, poverty index data, crop 5

6 production data, and soil/terrain data were gathered from federal sources. These data were then computed in to GIS analysis to develop land use land cover change detection, agriculture land degradation, and densely populated areas or hotspots. DEM and soil maps were combined to analyze soil fertility. Population, poverty index and food production were tabulated to determine poverty stricken and densely populated regions. Landsat Tm images were stacked, subsetted and interpreted with image enhancement to detect landscape changes. Results show that high population pressure was the main cause of agriculture land degradation. Poverty, 65% of the population below the poverty line, was the following cause to agriculture land degradation. Soil fertility depletion trend had a negative impact on food production, which also decreased by 29%. This paper concluded that the Keumbu Region is threatened with food insecurity from degraded agriculture lands and increasing populations. It is recommended that the small-scale farmers adapt good farming practices and land tenure systems. 5. Soneye, Alabi. "Farm Holdings in Northern Nigeria and Implication For Food Security: A Remote Sensing and GIS Assessment." African Journal of Food and Agriculture, Nutrition and Development 14.2 (2014): Web. Nigeria and other third world countries need reliable assessments of available stock and level of utilization of land in order to create sustainable land use resource developments and management plans. Agriculture is a high concern in Nigeria due to increasing land fragmentation, consistent farming, degrading soil fertility, low productivity and small farmer income. The Nigeria population depends on their agriculture practices and productivity to survive. This study uses GIS and remote sensing techniques to evaluate the per capita farm size holdings by small farmers in the agriculture lands of the country. They evaluated six Local Government areas and interpreted SPOT data to examine agriculture land use and land cover. Results of remote sensing methods generate accurate land use land cover images with spatial and spectral resolutions for analysis. These images reveal that 71.3% of the study area is agriculture land, highlighting the importance of the use of this land for the country s livelihood. The study also mapped the farm holdings of agriculture lands per person. This revealed an inadequate number of holdings for farming efficiency and food production within the high percentage of available agriculture land. Therefore security and sustainability in Nigeria are insecure. This study concludes that this region needs to focus on the small farm holdings system, population control, agriculture infrastructure and farming methods in order to strengthen their food production abilities to sustain their population. 6. Stein, Dana Beth, Food Deserts and Food Swamps in Hillsborough County, Florida: Unequal Access to Supermarkets and Fast-Food Restaurants (2011). Graduate Theses and Dissertations. Hillsborough County, Florida is one of the fourth most populated county in Florida with almost 152,00 residents receiving food stamps. Of the adults over 20 years of age, 64.8% are classified as obese. This is a target study examining the spatial and statistical association between socioeconomic deprivation and access to supermarkets or fast food restaurants. Supermarkets (115) and fast food restaurants (513) were identified in Hillsborough County using the Primary NAICS and NAICS-1 Description codes. These food outlets were then further 6

7 classified into healthiest supermarkets (47) and unhealthiest fast-food restaurants (34) by current media resources. GIS software was used to geocode all food locations within 1,00 meters of the county boundary. The unit of analysis used was the US Census blocks. GIS Network analysis was used to create study areas within 1000 meters of a food source. The Socioeconomic Deprivation Index was used to understand the relationship between food environment and neighborhood composition. Locations of supermarkets, healthiest supermarkets, fast-food restaurants, unhealthiest fast-food restaurants, and the socioeconomic index were all mapped with results of this study. These results show food deserts and food swamps centralized in urban communities. High accessibility to supermarkets were found in sub-urban communities and along major roadways. 7

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security

Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security 1 of 32 Climate Change Impacts on Agriculture and Food Security and Disaster Risk Management as entry point for Climate Change Adaptation About the FAO Policy Learning Programme This programme aims at

More information

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga

Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga Farmers Adaptation to Climate Change in Chivi District of Zimbabwe By Evengelista Chomuyeke Mudzonga INTRODUCTION Climate change is a pertinent issue affecting the livelihoods and food security in both

More information

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems The global research partnership to improve agricultural

More information

The food environment, diet and health: What do we know from the existing evidence?

The food environment, diet and health: What do we know from the existing evidence? The food environment, diet and health: What do we know from the existing evidence? SHARON KIRKPATRICK SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH AND HEALTH SYSTEMS UNIVERSITY OF WATERLOO WITH THANKS TO ROBIN MCKINNON AND

More information

1 DROUGHT AND DESERTIFICATION

1 DROUGHT AND DESERTIFICATION 1 DROUGHT AND DESERTIFICATION In order to report efficiently on the objectives outlined in Chapter 3, they have been clustered into logical groupings and structured into, as outlined below and discussed

More information

Click here to return to table of contents. Page 106

Click here to return to table of contents. Page 106 FOOD DESERT ANALYSIS OF STARK COUNTY According to the USDA, limited access to supermarkets, super centers, grocery stores, or other sources of healthy and affordable food may make it harder for some Americans

More information

Sustainable development, defined

Sustainable development, defined 12 Climate change impacts, adaptation and links to sustainable development in Africa B. Osman-Elasha Strategies for sustainable development and climate change adaptation have many common elements, so addressing

More information

Madagascar: Makira REDD+

Madagascar: Makira REDD+ project focus Madagascar: Makira REDD+ Madagascar is considered to be one of the top five biodiversity hotspots in the world due to more than 75% of all animal and plant species being endemic while less

More information

SPEECH BY FELIX KOSKEI, CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES DURING THE ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARID AND

SPEECH BY FELIX KOSKEI, CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES DURING THE ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARID AND SPEECH BY FELIX KOSKEI, CABINET SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, LIVESTOCK AND FISHERIES DURING THE ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ARID AND SEMI-ARID LANDS (KACCAL), LAUNCH AT FORMER KARI/NOW KALRO,

More information

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Food Policy Council. VICTOR ROMANO, EdD JOHNSON C SMITH UNIVERSITY. KATHERINE METZO, PhD ELEMENTAL RESEARCH & CONSULTING

Charlotte-Mecklenburg Food Policy Council. VICTOR ROMANO, EdD JOHNSON C SMITH UNIVERSITY. KATHERINE METZO, PhD ELEMENTAL RESEARCH & CONSULTING Charlotte-Mecklenburg Food Policy Council VICTOR ROMANO, EdD JOHNSON C SMITH UNIVERSITY KATHERINE METZO, PhD ELEMENTAL RESEARCH & CONSULTING Executive Summary Nationally and locally, chronic disease is

More information

Space borne Technology for Drought Monitoring in Sudan

Space borne Technology for Drought Monitoring in Sudan Space borne Technology for Drought Monitoring in Sudan Dr. Amna A. Hamid and Dr. Yahya H. Eltayeb Remote Sensing Authority - Sudan Email: amnaah71@hotmail.com amnaah71@gmail.com yahyaeltayeb@yahoo.com

More information

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups:

We can look at agricultural data in two general groups: The agricultural statistics series will be based on the Global Strategy to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics that is located in the resource section and available from the Wikipedia web page (wiki.asfoc.ibge.gov.br).

More information

Remote Sensing application for agricultural monitoring (Case studies: national assessments)

Remote Sensing application for agricultural monitoring (Case studies: national assessments) Space for Agriculture and Food Security Rome, WFP Headquarters, 8-9 March 2012 Remote Sensing application for agricultural monitoring (Case studies: national assessments) Renato Cumani Environment Officer

More information

Agricultural and Rural Statistics: Issues and Challenges

Agricultural and Rural Statistics: Issues and Challenges Agricultural and Rural Statistics: Issues and Challenges Dalip Singh Statistician Regional Office for the Asia-Pacific Regional Action Plan to Improve Agricultural and Rural Statistics 1 Overview What

More information

11th International Conference on Urban Drainage, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, 2008 communities where livelihoods are more vulnerable with virtually all the members of the community suffering because of food

More information

Healthway s Position on Obesity and Overweight

Healthway s Position on Obesity and Overweight Please note that as part of Healthway s transition to new legislation, a review of aspects of our work is underway to ensure that we continue to apply an evidence based approach supported by appropriate

More information

Issues of food security in South Africa and FAO s role in eradication of food insecurity and malnutrition

Issues of food security in South Africa and FAO s role in eradication of food insecurity and malnutrition Issues of food security in South Africa and FAO s role in eradication of food insecurity and malnutrition Pulses and Food Security Discussion Forum 2-3 June 2016 Kempton Park, Gauteng Presented by Dr Tobias

More information

STATEMENT OF POLICY. Healthy Food Access

STATEMENT OF POLICY. Healthy Food Access 13-04 STATEMENT OF POLICY Healthy Food Access Policy Many residents of urban and rural areas lack access to healthy foods within their communities. Inadequate healthy food sources have perpetuated chronic

More information

Regional cooperation in the IGAD sub-region: of transboundary water resources

Regional cooperation in the IGAD sub-region: of transboundary water resources Regional cooperation in the IGAD sub-region: Using science to secure political commitment and financial support for joint management of transboundary water resources M. BABA SY Sahara and Sahel Observatory

More information

Social vulnerability assessment using satellite data

Social vulnerability assessment using satellite data Social vulnerability assessment using satellite data Annemarie Ebert, Norman Kerle & Alfred Stein INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR GEO-INFORMATION SCIENCE AND EARTH OBSERVATION Overview Social vulnerability

More information

STEPHANIE RAWLINGS-BLAKE MAYOR

STEPHANIE RAWLINGS-BLAKE MAYOR Mapping Baltimore City s Food Environment: 2015 Executive Summary #BmoreFoodMap June 2015 STEPHANIE RAWLINGS-BLAKE MAYOR Our definition of a food desert is an area where the distance to a supermarket or

More information

FAO-Adapt. Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation

FAO-Adapt. Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation FAO-Adapt Framework Programme on Climate Change Adaptation Food security and climate change FAO s vision for the future is a world free of hunger and malnutrition where food and agriculture contribute

More information

FOOD AVAILABILITY AND NATURAL RESOURCE USE

FOOD AVAILABILITY AND NATURAL RESOURCE USE FOOD AVAILABILITY AND NATURAL RESOURCE USE Nadia El-Hage Scialabba Natural Resources Management and Environment Department, FAO FAO/OECD Expert Meeting on Greening the Economy with Agriculture Paris, 5

More information

Rwanda Assessment of Food Security and Nutrition Situation

Rwanda Assessment of Food Security and Nutrition Situation Rwanda Assessment of Food Security and Nutrition Situation Innocent Musabyimana Permanent Secretary of MINAGRI Roundtable Discussion March 24, 2016 Kigali, Rwanda 1990-92 1993-95 1996-98 1999-01 2002-04

More information

Obesity & Diabetes. 30% of Community Survey respondents report that diabetes is a top health concern in their community. Key Data

Obesity & Diabetes. 30% of Community Survey respondents report that diabetes is a top health concern in their community. Key Data County Community Health Needs Assessment Obesity & Diabetes Overweight and obesity are strongly related to stroke, heart disease, some cancers, and type 2 diabetes. These chronic diseases represent leading

More information

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2015 S 1 SENATE BILL 296* Short Title: Healthy Food Small Retailer/Corner Store Act.

GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION 2015 S 1 SENATE BILL 296* Short Title: Healthy Food Small Retailer/Corner Store Act. GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA SESSION S 1 SENATE BILL * Short Title: Healthy Food Small Retailer/Corner Store Act. (Public) Sponsors: Referred to: Senators D. Davis, Pate (Primary Sponsors); Bryant,

More information

Impacts of climate change on the EU s islands

Impacts of climate change on the EU s islands Impacts of climate change on the EU s islands Netherlands Antilles Macaronesia Greek Islands French Polynesia Reunion New Caledonia «It is clearly in the EU s interest to continue fighting for climate

More information

Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation

Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation Building adaptive capacity: Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation BuiLding adaptive CapaCity: Lessons from Canadian development organizations on climate change adaptation

More information

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report

Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report WWDR4 Background Information Brief Global water resources under increasing pressure from rapidly growing demands and climate change, according to new UN World Water Development Report As demand for water

More information

Remote Sensing and GIS Application In Change Detection Study In Urban Zone Using Multi Temporal Satellite

Remote Sensing and GIS Application In Change Detection Study In Urban Zone Using Multi Temporal Satellite Remote Sensing and GIS Application In Change Detection Study In Urban Zone Using Multi Temporal Satellite R.Manonmani, G.Mary Divya Suganya Institute of Remote Sensing, Anna University, Chennai 600 025

More information

Photo Credit: Arthur Getz Escudero. CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization AN OVERVIEW

Photo Credit: Arthur Getz Escudero. CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization AN OVERVIEW Photo Credit: Arthur Getz Escudero CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization AN OVERVIEW Draft September 2014 CITY REGION FOOD SYSTEMS Sustainable Food Systems and Urbanization

More information

The Sustainable Development Goals: where does nutrition fit in?

The Sustainable Development Goals: where does nutrition fit in? The Sustainable Development Goals: where does nutrition fit in? Christine P. Stewart, MPH, PhD Assistant Professor, Department of Nutrition Presented by: Edye Kuyper, MS Nutrition Advisor, INGENAES Project,

More information

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited

Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR. Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited Photograph by P. Casier, CGIAR Africa s enormous potential for regional trade in staples is not being exploited 11 Africa Can Help Feed Africa Africa has considerable variation in its climatic conditions

More information

Contact Information Punam Ohri-Vachaspati Phone:

Contact Information Punam Ohri-Vachaspati   Phone: Contact Information Punam Ohri-Vachaspati Email: pohri@ifh.rutgers.edu Phone: 732-932-4672 1 2 3 4 City of Vineland and major landmarks. 5 6 The map shows convenience store densities at the block group

More information

Availability and Accessibility of Healthy Food in Ypsilanti, Michigan

Availability and Accessibility of Healthy Food in Ypsilanti, Michigan Washtenaw County Public Health Department Availability and Accessibility of Healthy Food in Ypsilanti, Michigan Authors: Jenna Bacolor, MPH, MSW Lily Guzmán, MPH, MSW Adreanne Waller, MPH 2007 Acknowledgements

More information

Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers

Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers Research to improve the use and conservation of agricultural biodiversity for smallholder farmers Agricultural biodiversity the variability of crops and their wild relatives, trees, animals, arthropods,

More information

Chapter 11: Environmental Outlook for Limpopo Province: Planning for the Future

Chapter 11: Environmental Outlook for Limpopo Province: Planning for the Future Limpopo Environmental Outlook Report 2016 1 st DRAFT Chapter 11: Environmental Outlook for Limpopo Province: Planning for the Future This document is an ongoing outcome of a consultative process that underpins

More information

GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA)

GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA) GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA) FRAMEWORK DOCUMENT Version 01 :: 1 September 2014 I Vision 1. In today s world there is enough food produced for all to be well-fed, but one person

More information

LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES Vol. V Desertification and Deforestation in Africa - R. Penny DESERTIFICATION AND DEFORESTATION IN AFRICA

LAND USE, LAND COVER AND SOIL SCIENCES Vol. V Desertification and Deforestation in Africa - R. Penny DESERTIFICATION AND DEFORESTATION IN AFRICA DESERTIFICATION AND DEFORESTATION IN AFRICA R. Penny Environmental and Developmental Consultant/Practitioner, Cape Town, South Africa Keywords: arid, semi-arid, dry sub-humid, drought, drylands, land degradation,

More information

Incentivizing Small-Scale Sustainable Agriculture. Neth Dano Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (etc group)

Incentivizing Small-Scale Sustainable Agriculture. Neth Dano Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (etc group) Incentivizing Small-Scale Sustainable Agriculture Neth Dano Action Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration (etc group) IAASTD Overview International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge Science

More information

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change A Memorandum from the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) June 2010 CSCAP Memorandum No. 15 The Security Implications

More information

RESOLUTION ON Enhancing private investment in the agricultural sector to achieve food security in Africa

RESOLUTION ON Enhancing private investment in the agricultural sector to achieve food security in Africa A F R IC A N P A R L I A M E N T A R Y U N I O N APU 36 th CONFERENCE (R. 135/36/13) 7 and 8 November 2013, Libreville, Gabon -------- RESOLUTION ON Enhancing private investment in the agricultural sector

More information

The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States

The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States The Wildland-Urban Interface in the United States Susan I. Stewart Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Evanston, IL (sistewart@fs.fed.us) Volker C. Radeloff Department of Forestry, University

More information

Are Food Prices the Answer to The Obesity Problem?

Are Food Prices the Answer to The Obesity Problem? Are Food Prices the Answer to The Obesity Problem? Laurian Unnevehr Director, Food Economics Division, USDA/ERS Presentation at the Farm and Food Policy and Obesity Workshop UC Davis, May 21, 2010 Overview

More information

What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today?

What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today? Subdirección de Investigación y Research Extensión and Extension Branch What challenges does Agriculture, Extension and Advisory Services face today? Presented by Magdalena Blum Extension Systems Officer

More information

2016 COMMUNITY HEALTH NEEDS ASSESSMENT

2016 COMMUNITY HEALTH NEEDS ASSESSMENT 2016 COMMUNITY HEALTH NEEDS ASSESSMENT Building a healthy community. TABLE OF CONTENTS 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 14 15 15 About Us How We Conducted Our Assessment How the Assessment Came Together Our

More information

National and Sub-national Carbon monitoring tools developed at the WHRC

National and Sub-national Carbon monitoring tools developed at the WHRC National and Sub-national Carbon monitoring tools developed at the WHRC Nadine Laporte Woods Hole Research Center A. Baccini, W. Walker, S. Goetz, M. Sun, J. Kellndorfer Kigali, 20 th June 2011 Why measuring

More information

Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal

Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal Index Insurance for Climate Impacts Millennium Villages Project A contract proposal As part of a comprehensive package of interventions intended to help break the poverty trap in rural Africa, the Millennium

More information

Geospatial Information and the Sustainable Development Goals in Mexico

Geospatial Information and the Sustainable Development Goals in Mexico Geospatial Information and the Sustainable Development Goals in Mexico UNSC Forum on Geospatial Information and Earth Observations: Supporting Official Statistics in Monitoring the SDGs United Nations

More information

Speaker Summary Note

Speaker Summary Note 2020 CONFERENCE MAY 2014 Session: Speaker: Speaker Summary Note Building Resilience by Innovating and Investing in Agricultural Systems Mark Rosegrant Director, Environment and Production Technology Division

More information

What is GIS? Why Geography?

What is GIS? Why Geography? Geographic Information System (GIS), What is GIS? contributed by the Spatial Data Management Division, secretariat of the Land Information Council of Jamaica (LICJ), Ministry of Agriculture. Contact Ms.

More information

HLPE report on Nutrition and Food Systems

HLPE report on Nutrition and Food Systems HLPE report on Nutrition and Food Systems e-consultation on an Issues Note proposed by the HLPE Steering Committee From 9 December 2015 to 15 February 2016 Short Summary by the HLPE Secretariat 1 There

More information

A diversified approach to fighting food insecurity and rural poverty in Malawi

A diversified approach to fighting food insecurity and rural poverty in Malawi case study A diversified approach to fighting food insecurity and rural poverty in Malawi Map of Malawi Malawi: Facts and Figures Ø Population: 13.1 million Ø Human development index ranking: 164 out of

More information

Discussion Paper. Tropical Forest Deforestation

Discussion Paper. Tropical Forest Deforestation Discussion Paper Tropical Forest Deforestation December 2014 Author: Eimear Dempsey (email: eimear@naturalforeststandard.com) Published: 2 December 2014 Introduction Tropical Forests can vary widely in

More information

Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki

Global Perspective to Food and Climate. The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen , Viikki Global Perspective to Food and Climate The Food and the Environment Kaisa Karttunen 28.10.2011, Viikki Contents: 1. What is food security? 2. The present global food security situation 3. The impact of

More information

The Australian Curriculum Humanities and Social Sciences - Geography

The Australian Curriculum Humanities and Social Sciences - Geography The Australian Curriculum Humanities and Social Sciences - Geography Page 1 of 11 Geographical knowledge and understanding scope and sequence: Foundation to Year 10 Foundation Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Year

More information

Driving Sustainable Development: the role of Science, Technology and Innovation

Driving Sustainable Development: the role of Science, Technology and Innovation G-SCIENCE ACADEMIES STATEMENTS 2013 Driving Sustainable Development: the role of Science, Technology and Innovation 1. Introduction The framework of Millennium Development Goals has led to several in-depth

More information

AN OVERVIEW OF VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS AND MAPPING (VAM)

AN OVERVIEW OF VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS AND MAPPING (VAM) AN OVERVIEW OF VULNERABILITY ANALYSIS AND MAPPING (VAM) Contents: What is Vulnerability? Ability to Cope What does VAM do? How to Undertake VAM Assistance to Country Offices The Goals of VAM The broad

More information

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region

Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Climate Change Impacts in the Asia/Pacific Region Global CC threat CC in the A/P region The Stern Review and IPCC 4 th Assessment Report both state that climate change will have adverse impact on people

More information

Drought is the silent killer the natural catastrophe that is only too easily forgotten.

Drought is the silent killer the natural catastrophe that is only too easily forgotten. desertification, drought and climate change Aridity zones More than 30 per cent of the world s drylands are found in susceptible dryland regions in North Africa, the Sahel and the southern part of Africa.

More information

Obesity in America: A Growing Trend

Obesity in America: A Growing Trend Obesity in America: A Growing Trend David Todd P e n n s y l v a n i a S t a t e U n i v e r s i t y Utilizing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to explore obesity in America, this study aims to determine

More information

FAO Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting Tool (AgroMetShell version 2.0)

FAO Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting Tool (AgroMetShell version 2.0) FAO Crop Monitoring and Yield Forecasting Tool (AgroMetShell version 2.0) Objectives To provide a unique shell in which to integrate all software tools to be used for crop monitoring and crop yield forecasting

More information

DRAFT CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING

DRAFT CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING DRAFT CANCUN DECLARATION ON MAINSTREAMING THE CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIODIVERSITY FOR WELL-BEING We, the Ministers of environment, agriculture, fisheries, forestry and tourism from countries

More information

Food Access and Food Deserts: Durham County, North Carolina

Food Access and Food Deserts: Durham County, North Carolina Food Access and Food Deserts: Durham County, North Carolina Thane Maxwell December 9, 2010 Cornell University Department of City and Regional Planning Table of Contents: I: Introduction Summary.. 3 Background...

More information

Economic and Social Council

Economic and Social Council United Nations Economic and Social Council ECE/TIM/2013/Inf.6 Distr.: General 8 October 2013 Food and Agriculture Organization Original: English Economic Commission for Europe Committee on Forests and

More information

Integrating Social Vulnerability into Research on Food Systems and Global Change

Integrating Social Vulnerability into Research on Food Systems and Global Change RES-221-25-0039 Integrating Social Vulnerability into Research on Food Systems and Global Change Summary of Research Results The research aimed to enhance understanding of how concepts of vulnerability

More information

the world s soil status resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS

the world s soil status resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS status of soil the world s resources INTERGOVERNMENTAL TECHNICAL PANEL ON SOILS life depends on soils status of the soil world s resources The overwhelming conclusion of the first-ever comprehensive report

More information

Food Systems. 17 (B) Victorians have access to skills, knowledge and resources to produce and process their own food in urban areas.

Food Systems. 17 (B) Victorians have access to skills, knowledge and resources to produce and process their own food in urban areas. Food Systems 17 Goals 17 (A) A healthy share of the food that supplies Victoria s daily needs is sustainably grown, processed and packaged in the city, in surrounding agricultural areas, and on Vancouver

More information

A GIS & REMOTE SENSING APPROACH IN REDUCING VULNERABILITIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN AFRICA

A GIS & REMOTE SENSING APPROACH IN REDUCING VULNERABILITIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN AFRICA A GIS & REMOTE SENSING APPROACH IN REDUCING VULNERABILITIES TO CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS IN AFRICA RCMRD SERVIR AFRICA LEG Regional Training Workshop on Adaptation for Anglophone African Least Developed Countries

More information

Baltimore Food Policy Initiative: A Catalyst to Address Health, Economic and Environmental Disparities

Baltimore Food Policy Initiative: A Catalyst to Address Health, Economic and Environmental Disparities Baltimore Food Policy Initiative: A Catalyst to Address Health, Economic and Environmental Disparities Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake Baltimore City mayor@baltimorecity.gov August 29 th, 2014 Baltimore

More information

GIS: Geographic Information Systems A short introduction

GIS: Geographic Information Systems A short introduction GIS: Geographic Information Systems A short introduction Outline The Center for Digital Scholarship What is GIS? Data types GIS software and analysis Campus GIS resources Center for Digital Scholarship

More information

Re-Storing the Crescent City: Food Access in Three New Orleans Neighborhoods

Re-Storing the Crescent City: Food Access in Three New Orleans Neighborhoods Re-Storing the Crescent City: Food Access in Three New Orleans Neighborhoods Amara M. Foster, J. Nicholas Bodor, Vanessa Ulmer and Diego Rose Summary: Research shows that low-income and minority communities

More information

Nurture Our Planet. Nourish Our People. Recommendations from the High Level Roundtable on Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture

Nurture Our Planet. Nourish Our People. Recommendations from the High Level Roundtable on Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture Recommendations from the High Level Roundtable on Food and Nutrition Security and Sustainable Agriculture 15 16 March 2012, New York Nourish Our People Nurture Our Planet Women in Ethiopia showing cabbage

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE

CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT OF CAPE VERDE SUMMARY FOR POLICY MAKERS panoramio.com 1 Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territory Planning B.P. 115 Praia Cape Verde http://www.governo.cv United

More information

ARIMNet 2 Call 2014-15

ARIMNet 2 Call 2014-15 Coordination of the Agricultural Research In the Mediterranean Area Call i text ARIMNet 2 Call 2014-15 SUBMISSION Pre-proposal by December 1 st, 2014 Full Proposal by May 11 th 2015 on http://arimnet-call.eu/

More information

Flood Zone Investigation by using Satellite and Aerial Imagery

Flood Zone Investigation by using Satellite and Aerial Imagery Flood Zone Investigation by using Satellite and Aerial Imagery Younes Daneshbod Islamic Azad University-Arsanjan branch Daneshgah Boulevard, Islamid Azad University, Arsnjan, Iran Email: daneshbod@gmail.com

More information

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes

The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes The Complex Causes of Famine Teacher Notes Overview and concepts Overview Using class discussion, a radio story, and the interactive timeline, students will investigate the complex causes of famines, both

More information

Situation of Environmental Statistics in Swaziland

Situation of Environmental Statistics in Swaziland Country Background The kingdom of Swaziland is located in Southern Africa and is land locked (almost completely surrounded by South Africa) with the Republic of South Africa and Mozambique forming the

More information

Food Deserts. Examining the Impact of. on Public Health in Detroit. Pages 5-8 Only. Mari Gallagher

Food Deserts. Examining the Impact of. on Public Health in Detroit. Pages 5-8 Only. Mari Gallagher Examining the Impact of Food Deserts on Public Health in Detroit Mari Gallagher Research & Consulting Group Pages 5-8 Only Copyright 2007 Mari Gallagher Research & Consulting Group 5 Over half a million

More information

Application of Space Technology for Disaster monitoring and assessment current state in Vietnam

Application of Space Technology for Disaster monitoring and assessment current state in Vietnam Application of Space Technology for Disaster monitoring and assessment current state in Vietnam Lai Anh Khoi SPACE TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE 8th GEOSS Asian Pacific Symposium Beijing, Sep. 09-11, 2015 Types

More information

Emerging Issues in the Agricultural Sector Implications to Successful Implementation of Feed the Future

Emerging Issues in the Agricultural Sector Implications to Successful Implementation of Feed the Future Emerging Issues in the Agricultural Sector Implications to Successful Implementation of Feed the Future Feed the Future Partner s Meeting Dar es Salaam November 30th, 2012 David Nyange Senior Agricultural

More information

The impact of high food prices on hunger

The impact of high food prices on hunger Briefing paper: Hunger on the rise Soaring prices add 75 million people to global hunger rolls The impact of high food prices on hunger Provisional FAO estimates show that the number of undernourished

More information

A Review of Food Security and the Role of Animal Production in Vietnam

A Review of Food Security and the Role of Animal Production in Vietnam International Symposium Sustaining Food Security and Managing Natural Resources in Southeast Asia - Challenges for the 21st Century - January 8-11, 2002 at Chiang Mai, Thailand A Review of Food Security

More information

The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment

The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment The Use of Geographic Information Systems in Risk Assessment With Specific Focus on the RiVAMP Methodology Presented by Nadine Brown August 27, 2012 Climate Studies Group Mona Climate Change Workshop Presentation

More information

The Role of GIS in natural hazards within the United States

The Role of GIS in natural hazards within the United States GIS and US Natural Hazards Amanda Buboltz NRO 509, Fall 2004 The Role of GIS in natural hazards within the United States Overview: A natural hazard is defined as any occurrence or event that has the potential

More information

Climate change impacts on tropical forests, vulnerability and the adaptive capacity: lessons learned from TroFCCA experience Heru Santoso

Climate change impacts on tropical forests, vulnerability and the adaptive capacity: lessons learned from TroFCCA experience Heru Santoso Climate change impacts on tropical forests, vulnerability and the adaptive capacity: lessons learned from TroFCCA experience Heru Santoso TroFCCA SE-Asia Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR)

More information

The need for State of Mountains reporting for African mountains

The need for State of Mountains reporting for African mountains The need for State of Mountains reporting for African mountains Introduction Africa s mountains are renowned for their unique biodiversity and sense of place, but are being overtaken by the impact of human

More information

Ecosystem-based Adaptation

Ecosystem-based Adaptation Jessica Scranton Ecosystem-based Adaptation for Smallholder Subsistence and Coffee Farming Communities in Central America (CASCADE) What is the CASCADE project? In Central America, smallholder farmers

More information

Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE

Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE Global Environment Facility GEF OPERATIONAL PROGRAM #13 ON CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABLE USE OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY IMPORTANT TO AGRICULTURE CONTENTS Introduction..1 Convention Guidance... 2 Agricultural

More information

Accuplacer Reading Comprehension Practice

Accuplacer Reading Comprehension Practice Accuplacer Reading Comprehension Practice Part I For the first part of the Reading Comprehension practice, read the following paragraph excerpted from the United Nation s website. After reading the paragraph,

More information

Facts & Figures. Rural Poverty in the Developing World. Trends in Rural Poverty Developing World. From the Rural Poverty Report 2011

Facts & Figures. Rural Poverty in the Developing World. Trends in Rural Poverty Developing World. From the Rural Poverty Report 2011 Facts & Figures Rural Poverty in the Developing World Despite massive progress over the past two decades in reducing poverty in some parts of the world notably East Asia there are still about 1.4 billion

More information

Climate & Health Workshop Series

Climate & Health Workshop Series Climate & Health Workshop Series Vulnerable Popula-ons and Co- Benefits of Climate Change Adapta-on Joseph Hoover; Ph.D. Candidate University of Denver Tamanna Rahman, MPH; Dr.PH. Student UCLA Fielding

More information

Concept Note and Call for Papers AFRICAN ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Feeding Africa: Towards Agro-Allied Industrialization for Inclusive Growth

Concept Note and Call for Papers AFRICAN ECONOMIC CONFERENCE Feeding Africa: Towards Agro-Allied Industrialization for Inclusive Growth African Economic Conference Concept Note and Call for Papers AFRICAN ECONOMIC CONFERENCE 2016 Feeding Africa: Towards Agro-Allied Industrialization for Inclusive Growth Abuja, Nigeria December 5-7, 2016

More information

The Urban Heat Island in Phoenix: Impacts on Neighborhoods

The Urban Heat Island in Phoenix: Impacts on Neighborhoods The Urban Heat Island in Phoenix: Impacts on Neighborhoods Sharon L. Harlan Arizona State University April 25, 2012 Prepared for Mitigating the Urban Island Planning in the West Webinar hosted by Western

More information

The Big Data Revolution for Sustainable Development

The Big Data Revolution for Sustainable Development The Big Data Revolution for Sustainable Development XI MEETING OF THE LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN MONITORING AND EVALUATION NETWORK Santiago de Chile, June 28-30, 2016 Anupam Anand Evaluation Officer

More information

Role of Statistical Maps based on Smallarea

Role of Statistical Maps based on Smallarea Role of Statistical Maps based on Smallarea Data Takashi Abe, Prof., JICA Expert Role of Statistical Maps based on Small-area Data 1. Role of Maps in a Statistical Survey 2. Kind of Statistical Maps in

More information

Executive Summary. Food Deserts: An Overview. In this report, we employ three different but related conceptual definitions of food deserts :

Executive Summary. Food Deserts: An Overview. In this report, we employ three different but related conceptual definitions of food deserts : Executive Summary The problem of food deserts in Chicago is a serious one: low-income neighborhoods are disproportionately affected by the lack of access to healthy fresh food options, and the individuals

More information

The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Pakistan

The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Pakistan The Underlying Causes of Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Pakistan Asif Saeed Abstract This paper is based on the findings of a workshop held in December 2002 to identify the underlying causes of

More information

FOOD SECURITY STRATEGY

FOOD SECURITY STRATEGY Ministry of Food and Agriculture FOOD SECURITY STRATEGY Dr. Shakeel Ahmed Khan FOOD SECURITY Exists when all people, at all times have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious

More information

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE. Executive Summary

CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE. Executive Summary CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE Sourcebook Executive Summary Why is climate-smart agriculture needed? Between now and 2050, the world s population will increase by one-third. Most of these additional 2 billion

More information