The relationship of pastoralism to the SDGs. The land people livestock nexus

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1 1 The relationship of pastoralism to the SDGs. The land people livestock nexus Irene Hoffmann, FAO 16th Annual Mee-ng of the Inter-Agency Donor Group November, GIZ, Berlin, Germany

2 Global Land Cover-SHARE, FAO study on ecosystem services provided by livestock

3 3 Rangelands and grasslands Host a diversity of wildlife, PGR and AnGR whose products contribute to rural income and development 0.6 gigatonnes of CO2 can be sequestered over 20 yrs Important watersheds that can remove 50-80% more water than uncovered soils 16th Annual Mee-ng of the Inter-Agency Donor Group November, GIZ, Berlin, Germany

4 Biodiversity hotspots and conservason priorises in drylands htp:// Lists/ SiteDocumentLibr ary/publicasons/ drylands_bk_2.pdf

5 Global livestock produc-on systems 5 FAO study on ecosystem services provided by livestock

6 Use of rangelands and grasslands Animals and vegetason have coevolved Old grasslands depend on animal grazing Extensive grazing is the only possibility to produce agricultural products Pastoralism and agro-pastoralism are key producson systems 44% of global sheep, 29% of goats and 20% of catle Provide 22% of global beef producson, and 16% of milk 6

7 7 Who are pastoralists? Livestock keepers (catle, sheep, goats, dromedary, rein deer, yaks ) Several hundred million pastoralists worldwide Manage rangelands, shrublands, forests covering about a third of the Earth s land surface Mostly mountainous areas, drylands and cold areas Livelihoods depend on and are characterized by mobility of livestock

8 Pastoralists SSA has greatest share of the world s pastoralists (50 million), but also to the majority of the world s extremely poor pastoralists (54%). Poverty incidence among pastoralists in SSA ranges from 25 to 55 % Pastoralists contribute to nasonal meat producson 41% in E-Africa and 33% in W-Africa Animals are an essensal aspect of the cultural, social and religious life of the people Waste products are important sources of fuel (cooking and heasng) 8

9 9 Common challenges worldwide DisrupSon of migrason routes Loss of or exclusion from rangeland Bad access to public, health and educason facilises Ofen misunderstood und marginalized Excluded from poliscal dialogue

10 10 Common challenges worldwide Pastoralists have been more independent than other groups o Living in remote areas o Having own strong governance structures o Being self sufficient In a more connected world, this poses a challenge as parscipason is increasingly required

11 11 Pastoralism has many benefits Important providers of meat, milk, skins and hides Produce food where no rain-fed crops can grow Provide important eco-system services Rich legacy of tradisonal knowledge and culture

12 12 SDG 1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere Target Indicator comment ProporSon of the populason living in households with access to basic services By 2030, ensure that all men and women, in parscular the poor and the vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources, as well as access to basic services, ownership and control over land and other forms of property, inheritance, natural resources, appropriate new technology and financial services, including microfinance Indicator under UNEP review. Land access and communal/ collecsve lands?

13 SDG 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutri-on and promote sustainable agriculture Target Indicator comment Volume of producson per labour unit (measured in constant USD), by classes of farming/pastoral/ forestry enterprise size 2.3. By 2030, double the agricultural producsvity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in parscular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other producsve resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunises for value addison and non-farm employment 2.4. By 2030, ensure sustainable food producson systems and implement resilient agricultural pracsces that increase producsvity and producson, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptason to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality % of agricultural area under sustainable agricultural pracsces. % of agricultural households using irrigason systems compared to all agricultural households. % of agricultural households using ecofriendly ferslizers compared to all agricultural households using ferslizers 13 Data on pastoral HH? Low technical intensificason potensal? sustainable agricultural pracsses include the choice of the "right" breed Livestock/ pastoral indicators?

14 14 SDG 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutri-on and promote sustainable agriculture Target Indicator comment 2.5. By 2020, maintain the genesc diversity of seeds, % of local crops and breeds culsvated plants and farmed and domesscated animals and their wild relasves, and their related wild species, including through classified as being at risk, notat-risk or unknown level of risk to be indicator needs soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the nasonal, regional and internasonal levels, and of exsncson reformulated - promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of crops and benefits arising from the uslizason of genesc resources breeds and associated tradisonal knowledge, as internasonally separately agreed 2.a Increase investment, including through enhanced internasonal cooperason, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural producsve capacity in developing countries, in parscular least developed countries The Agriculture OrientaSon Index (AOI) for Government Expenditures DifferenSate between availability of services and access? FS???

15 SDG 6-8 SDG Target Indicator comment 6.6. By 2020, protect and restore Percentage of change in fresh water-related ecosystems, including water ecosystems mountains, forests, wetlands, rivers, Role of aquifers and lakes grassland? 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitason for all 8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and producsve employment and decent work for all 8.9. By 2030, devise and implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture and products Tourism direct GDP (as % of total GDP and in growth rate); and Number of jobs in tourism industries (as % total jobs and growth rate of jobs, by gender) 15

16 SDG SDG Target Indicator comment Strengthen efforts to protect and Share of nasonal (or municipal) safeguard the world s cultural and natural heritage 11. Make cises and human setlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable 12. Ensure sustainable consumpson and producson paterns By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources budget which is dedicated to preservason, protecson and conservason of nasonal cultural natural heritage including World Heritage sites Material footprint (MF) and MF/capita 16 indicator- ask UNESCO for guidance AlternaSve use of resources? sustainable management of AnGR?

17 SDG 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat deser-fica-on, and halt and reverse land degrada-on and halt biodiversity loss Target Indicator comment By 2020, ensure the conservason, restorason and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in parscular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligasons under internasonal agreements By 2020, promote the implementason of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestason, restore degraded forests and substansally increase afforestason and reforestason globally By 2030, ensure the conservason of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essensal for sustainable development Forest area as a percentage of total land area; Forest cover under sustainable forest management Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity; Mountain Green Cover Index sustainable use of other terrestrial ecosystems? pastoralism, use of the "right" breeds sustainable management of forests includes pastoralism Trees outside forests in drylands? Mountains are pastoral areas 17

18 SDG 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat deser-fica-on, and halt and reverse land degrada-on and halt biodiversity loss Target Indicator comment Take urgent and significant acson to reduce the degradason of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the exsncson of threatened species Promote fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the uslizason of genesc resources and promote appropriate access to such resources, as internasonally agreed By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into nasonal and local planning, development processes, poverty reducson strategies and accounts Red List Index Number of countries that have adopted legislasve, administrasve and policy frameworks for the implementason of the Nagoya Protocol Number of nasonal development plans and processes integrasng biodiversity and ecosystem services values Habitat degradason indicator? biocultural community protocols, livestock keepers rights? NSAPs Methods for ESS valuason? 18

19 19 Pastoralist Knowledge Hub First comprehensive inisasve bringing pastoral voices to the global stage Plarorm for pastoralist networks to connect Provides opportunises for policy dialogue Technical aspects of land people livestock, conference in 2017? All major organizasons in pastoralism involved Coordinated by FAO Pastoralist networks Pastoralist Knowledge Hub Knowledge Networks Partners Global policy dialog

20 20 Thank you for your auen-on Website:

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