Design considerations for direct solid fuel chemical looping combustion systems

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Design considerations for direct solid fuel chemical looping combustion systems"

Transcription

1 Prof. Hermann Hofbauer Getreidemarkt 9/ Wien IEA GHG R&D Programme High Temperature Solid Looping Cycles Network 2nd Network Meeting, Alkmaar, September 15-17, 2010 Design considerations for direct solid fuel chemical looping combustion systems Tobias Pröll, Johannes Schmid, Christoph Pfeifer and Hermann Hofbauer

2 Outline What is chemical looping combustion (CLC)? CLC for gaseous fuels status and limitations CLC for solid fuels challenges and approaches Excursion: dual bed biomass gasification Improved dual circulating fluidized bed design Conclusion and outlook looping.at 2

3 Chemical looping combustion (CLC) N 2, (O 2 ) CO 2, (H 2 O) Cooling/ condensation CO 2 Air reactor (AR) MeO x MeO x-1 Fuel reactor (FR) H 2 O A new process for oxidizing fuels using metal oxides as oxygen carriers transporting oxygen from combustion air to fuel No mixing of combustion air and fuel, combustion products (CO 2 and H 2 O) not diluted by N 2 Air Global air/fuel ratio > 1 Fuel CLC shows unique potential for carbon capture because gas-gas separation is inherently avoided. Highly exothermal reactions in air reactor Global heat release equal to that of direct combustion looping.at 3

4 Critical issues in CLC Oxygen carrier particles thermodynamic suitability high reactivity sufficient transport capacity high mechanical stability cyclic stability of reactivity and transport capacity Reactor system excellent gas-solids contact in both reactors sufficient solids circulation rate looping.at 4

5 Dual fluidized bed systems Dual fluidized bed technologies apart from FCC Technology (Biomass) gasification Sorption enhanced reforming Carbonate looping for CO 2 capture Chemical looping Purpose of solids Heat transport, catalyst CO 2 and heat transport, catalyst CO 2 (and heat) transport Oxygen and heat transport Importance of gas solid contact Partially for tar reforming in the gas generator High in the reformer/carbonator, low in the re-calciner (heat-driven) High in the absorber/carbonator, low in the re-calciner (heat-driven) High in both reactors, no gas phase conversion without solids There is an ultimate requirement for good gas-solid contact in CLC systems looping.at 5

6 Dual circulating fluidized bed (DCFB) reactor system Global solids circulation is controlled by air reactor fluidization only (eg. air staging) exhaust AR exhaust FR Fuel reactor can be optimized towards fuel conversion Inherent stabilization of global solids hold up due to the direct hydraulic link between the reactors Low reactor volume compared to bubbling fluidized beds (i.e. low specific solids inventory) High potential for scale-up air air reactor (AR) LS LS fuel fuel reactor (FR) LS looping.at 6

7 CLC pilot plant looping.at 7

8 Status CLC for gaseuos fuels 140 kw DCFB pilot plant / NiO-based oxygen carrier: CH 4 conversion up to 99% CO 2 yield up to 96% based on total carbon in fuel good fuel conversion in spite of the limited riser heights Scale up to next size of about 10 MW possible Immidiate application for industrial steam generation Potential for power production limited because of competing gas turbine combined cycle technology Two development targets for efficient power production direct use of solid fuel steam cycle application pressurized operation for combined cycle application looping.at 8

9 CLC for solid fuels There is a huge potential in CLC for coal There is a lot of recent research on this topic There are three main challenges associated with direct solid fuel introduction: decomposition and oxidation of volatile compounds satisfactory conversion of char in the fuel reactor selective removal of fuel ash from the system Two of the challenges address fuel reactor design looping.at 9

10 Problem definition exhaust AR Volatiles form bubbles and move quickly upwards low contact time to oxygen carrier air air reactor (AR) LS LS exhaust FR steam fuel reactor (FR) solid fuel Force gas phase to pass dense regions before leaving the system Solids are well mixed immediate loss of unreacted char to air reactor Try to obtain tubular reactor like solids flow behavior or Selectively separate carbon from oxygen carrier looping.at 10

11 Theoretical consideration Depleted air global air ratio > 1 Condensation. Q AR MeO x end oxidizer CO 2 + H 2 O CO 2 Fuel reactor H 2 O (to compression) Air reactor devolatizer Solid fuel MeO (x-1) char gasifier Air Steam looping.at 11

12 Early design proposal from: Lewis W.K., Gilliland E.R. Production of pure carbon dioxide. U.S. Patent No. 2,665,972, looping.at 12

13 Early design proposal (2) If solid fuel is introduced between the "stages": solid fuel volatiles must pass through zones above char is led along with bed material through zones below Problems: too complicated geometry to be built at large scale, high pressure drop from: Lewis W.K., Gilliland E.R. Production of pure carbon dioxide. U.S. Patent No. 2,665,972, looping.at 13

14 Dual fluidized bed gasifier technology producer gas gasifier biomass steam flue gas loop seal riser additional fuel connecting chute air History: Experience at Vienna Univ. of Technol. since rd generation of 100 kw (fuel power input) DFB gasifier pilot plants currently in operation Large scale (8 MW fuel power) plant for CHP generation in successful operation since nd unit in operation since 2009 (10 MW) looping.at 14

15 Gasifier improvement efforts product gas exhaust gas product gas exhaust gas fuel gasifier ULS LLS char combustor G-ILS fuel gasifier ULS char combustor LLS steam air steam air looping.at 15

16 New dual CFB design exhaust AR exhaust FR Fuel reactor divided in vertical sections by areas of reduced cross section air reactor (AR) ULS fuel reactor (FR) LS solid fuel Fast fluidization regime in the reduced cross section, bubbling to turbulent regime in the zones between Consecutive dense zones LLS Gas-solid counter-current flow behavior air steam Particle size separation looping.at 16

17 Cold flow model testing looping.at 17

18 Local behavior pressure, qualitative Solids density (1 ) looping.at 18

19 Conclusion/Outlook Small geometrical change may be key to make dual bed systems significantly more efficient in fuel conversion Erosion seems manageable, expected velocities 1-5 m/s Significant acceleration effects around flow obstacles Ongoing: investigation at three different cold flow models with various particles Determination of suitable operating regimes Next step: kw pilot unit (gasification and possibly CLC) looping.at 19

20 Prof. Hermann Hofbauer Getreidemarkt 9/ Wien Acknowledgement: Financial support from the Austrian Government Climate and Energy Programme for the research project NE-IF "G-volution" is greatfully acknowledged. Contact: Tobias Pröll looping.at

VALIDATION, MODELING, AND SCALE-UP OF CHEMICAL LOOPING COMBUSTION WITH OXYGEN UNCOUPLING

VALIDATION, MODELING, AND SCALE-UP OF CHEMICAL LOOPING COMBUSTION WITH OXYGEN UNCOUPLING VALIDATION, MODELING, AND SCALE-UP OF CHEMICAL LOOPING COMBUSTION WITH OXYGEN UNCOUPLING A research program funded by the University of Wyoming School of Energy Resources Executive Summary Principal Investigator:

More information

Simulation of a highly efficient dual fluidized bed gasification process

Simulation of a highly efficient dual fluidized bed gasification process Simulation of a highly efficient dual fluidized bed gasification process S. Kaiser 1*, K. Weigl 2, Ch. Aichernig 2, A. Friedl 1, H. Hofbauer 1 1... Vienna University of Technology, Institute of Chemical

More information

Andreas Thon (Autor) Operation of a System of Interconnected Fluidized Bed Reactors in the Chemical Looping Combustion Process

Andreas Thon (Autor) Operation of a System of Interconnected Fluidized Bed Reactors in the Chemical Looping Combustion Process Andreas Thon (Autor) Operation of a System of Interconnected Fluidized Bed Reactors in the Chemical Looping Combustion Process https://cuvillier.de/de/shop/publications/6652 Copyright: Cuvillier Verlag,

More information

Materials for CHEMICAL-LOOPING LOOPING COMBUSTION (CLC)

Materials for CHEMICAL-LOOPING LOOPING COMBUSTION (CLC) Materials for CHEMICAL-LOOPING LOOPING COMBUSTION (CLC) Anders Lyngfelt Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg 2 nd ICEPE Efficient Carbon Capture for Coal Power Plants Frankfurt, June 20-22, 2011

More information

Sewage sludge treatment with oxygen enrichement and oxyfuel combustion in CFBC - new pilot plant results

Sewage sludge treatment with oxygen enrichement and oxyfuel combustion in CFBC - new pilot plant results Sewage sludge treatment with oxygen enrichement and oxyfuel combustion in CFBC - new pilot plant results 64 TH IEA FLUIDIZED BED CONVERSION MEETING Naples 3 rd of June, 2012 Authors: David Wöß, Gregor

More information

Table of Contents. Chapter 1. Introduction. Chapter 2. Hydrodynamics

Table of Contents. Chapter 1. Introduction. Chapter 2. Hydrodynamics Table of Contents Chapter 1 Introduction 1.1 Background 1.2 Fluidized Bed Equipment 1.2.1 Applications 1.2.2 Fluidized Bed Gasifiers 1.2.3 Fluidized Bed Boilers 1.2.4 Application in Cement Industries 1.3

More information

Biomass gasification methods

Biomass gasification methods Lecture 8 Biomass gasification methods Thermochemical conversion method Principle Gasifiers Operationtypes-Applications The thermo-chemical decomposition of hydrocarbons from biomass in a reducing (oxygen

More information

Gasification, Producer Gas and Syngas

Gasification, Producer Gas and Syngas Agriculture and Natural Resources Gasification, Producer Gas and Syngas FSA1051 Samy Sadaka Assistant Professor - Extension Engineer Arkansas Is Our Campus What Is Gasification? Gasification involves turning

More information

Process Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion with Oxygen Uncoupling in a Coal-Fired Power Plant

Process Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion with Oxygen Uncoupling in a Coal-Fired Power Plant Process Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion with Oxygen Uncoupling in a Coal-Fired Power Plant Petteri Peltola 1, Maurizio Spinelli 2, Aldo Bischi 2, Michele Villani 2, Matteo C. Romano 2, Jouni

More information

Advantages of biomass gasification technologies

Advantages of biomass gasification technologies Biomass Gasification Biomass gasification, or producing gas from biomass, involves burning biomass under restricted air supply for the generation of producer gas. Producer gas is a mixture of gases: 18%

More information

Biomass CHP Plant Güssing Using Gasification for Power Generation

Biomass CHP Plant Güssing Using Gasification for Power Generation Biomass CHP Plant Güssing Using Gasification for Power Generation M. Bolhàr-Nordenkampf 1, R. Rauch 1, K. Bosch 1, C. Aichernig 2, H. Hofbauer 1 1 Institute of Chemical Engineering, Getreidemarkt 9 /166,

More information

Advanced Coal Gasification Technology based on Exergy Recuperation

Advanced Coal Gasification Technology based on Exergy Recuperation Advanced Coal Gasification Technology based on Exergy Recuperation The University of Tokyo Institute of Industrial and Science Collaborative Research Center for Energy Engineering Atsushi Tsutsumi Japan

More information

Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping

Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernd Epple bernd.epple@est.tu-darmstadt.de www.est.tu-darmstadt.de Tel. +49 6151 16 4717 1 Carbonator: T 450 750 C CaO + CO 2 CaCO

More information

Indirect gasification for high efficient conversion of high ash coal and lignite

Indirect gasification for high efficient conversion of high ash coal and lignite Indirect gasification for high efficient conversion of high ash coal and lignite Bram van der Drift 20 May 2014, Dresden www.ecn.nl Torwash Torrefaction ECN DEVELOPMENTS and competences and facilities

More information

Gasification is a reactive process, which use the organic matter (biomass) energy or fossil

Gasification is a reactive process, which use the organic matter (biomass) energy or fossil 1. What Is Gasification Gasification is a reactive process, which use the organic matter (biomass) energy or fossil energy (coal, peat) and convert them into hydrogen, carbon monoxide, methane, other hydrocarbons

More information

Liquid biofuels from biomass via steam gasification

Liquid biofuels from biomass via steam gasification Liquid biofuels from biomass via steam gasification Dr. Reinhard Rauch Bioenergy 2020+ Vienna, University of Technology 1 The basic concept Green Chemistry Over 74,000 hours Producer Gas (gas engine, gas

More information

Stoichiometric Analysis of Gasification Lecture-G-L6-2x

Stoichiometric Analysis of Gasification Lecture-G-L6-2x Stoichiometric Analysis of Gasification Lecture-G-L6-2x Marek Ściążko, Prof. Copyright-MS-2013 1 Introduction Gasification is a process in which a carbon containing feedstock is thermochemically converted

More information

Assessment of the quality of Indiana coal for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Performance (IGCC)

Assessment of the quality of Indiana coal for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Performance (IGCC) Assessment of the quality of Indiana coal for Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Performance (IGCC) Progress report June 25 M. Mastalerz, A. Drobniak, J. Rupp and N. Shaffer Indiana Geological Survey,

More information

Allothermal Gasification of High-Ash Coals

Allothermal Gasification of High-Ash Coals Allothermal Gasification of High-Ash Coals C.M. van der Meijden A. van der Drift B.J. Vreugdenhil A.J. Grootjes H. Bodenstaff G. Aranda Almansa January 2014 ECN-M--14-004 ALLOTHERMAL GASIFICATION OF HIGH-ASH

More information

Thermo-Chemical Biomass Conversion for the Provision of Heat, Electricity and Fuels

Thermo-Chemical Biomass Conversion for the Provision of Heat, Electricity and Fuels Thermo-Chemical Biomass Conversion for the Provision of Heat, Electricity and Fuels Univ. Prof. Dr. Hermann Hofbauer Vienna University of Technology, Austria Outline of the Presentation Overview about

More information

Gasification of biomass - Biomass CHP Güssing

Gasification of biomass - Biomass CHP Güssing Gasification of biomass - Biomass CHP Güssing Dr. Reinhard Rauch Institute for Chemical Vienna, University of Technology Content Principle of FICFB gasification Results from biomass CHP Güssing CHP with

More information

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion

Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion AALTO UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF CHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY KE-40.4120 Introduction to biorefineries and biofuels Assignment 8: Comparison of gasification, pyrolysis and combustion Aino Siirala 309141 Assignment submitted

More information

By Salman Zafar, Renewable Energy Advisor

By Salman Zafar, Renewable Energy Advisor Waste-to-energy plants based on gasification are high-efficiency power plants that utilize municipal solid waste as their fuel rather than conventional sources of energy like coal, oil or natural gas.

More information

EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS FOR EFFICIENCY OF BIOMASS GASIFIER ON MOISTURE CONTENT

EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS FOR EFFICIENCY OF BIOMASS GASIFIER ON MOISTURE CONTENT EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS FOR EFFICIENCY OF BIOMASS GASIFIER ON MOISTURE CONTENT Venda Prasad Maurya 1, Anshu 2, Kunwer Sandeep Singh 3 1,3 School of Mechanical Engineering, Lovely Professional University,

More information

Twin IHI Gasifier(TIGAR ) Technology for Chemical Feedstock

Twin IHI Gasifier(TIGAR ) Technology for Chemical Feedstock APEC Clean Fossil Energy Technical and Policy Seminar 2010 Twin IHI Gasifier(TIGAR ) Technology for Chemical Feedstock TIGAR:Twin Ihi GAsifieR 28 th October, 2010 TIGAR is under development. Power Plant

More information

R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada

R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada POWER PLANT COMBUSTION THEORY R.A. Chaplin Department of Chemical Engineering, University of New Brunswick, Canada Keywords: Combustion, Efficiency, Calorific Value, Combustion Products, Gas Analysis Contents

More information

B0401 Abstract 029 Oral Presentation Session B04 Innovative Applications and Designs - Tuesday, July 1, 2008 16:00 h

B0401 Abstract 029 Oral Presentation Session B04 Innovative Applications and Designs - Tuesday, July 1, 2008 16:00 h Reference System for a Power Plant Based on Biomass Gasification and SOFC Richard Toonssen, Nico Woudstra, Adrian H.M. Verkooijen Delft University of Technology Energy Technology, Process & Energy department

More information

Hydrogen Production from Biogas by Sorption-Enhanced Steam Methane Reforming (SE-SMR)

Hydrogen Production from Biogas by Sorption-Enhanced Steam Methane Reforming (SE-SMR) Hydrogen Production from Biogas by Sorption-Enhanced Steam Methane Reforming (SE-SMR) Demonstration of the Novel Process at the HyNor Lillestrøm Hydrogen Station Julien Meyer, Johann Mastin, Roger Smeets

More information

Benefits of Allothermal Biomass Gasification for Co-Firing C.M. van der Meijden A. van der Drift B.J. Vreugdenhil

Benefits of Allothermal Biomass Gasification for Co-Firing C.M. van der Meijden A. van der Drift B.J. Vreugdenhil Benefits of Allothermal Biomass Gasification for Co-Firing C.M. van der Meijden A. van der Drift B.J. Vreugdenhil Presented at the 2nd Workshop on Cofiring Biomass with Coal, 27-28 March 2012, Copenhagen,

More information

The technical choices for the 12 MW Bio-SNG demonstration in the Netherlands

The technical choices for the 12 MW Bio-SNG demonstration in the Netherlands The technical choices for the 12 MW Bio-SNG demonstration in the Netherlands Bram van der Drift Gothenburg, 16 October 2013 www.ecn.nl ECN Independent R&D centre for renewable energy. Partly financed by

More information

Gasförmige und flüssige synthetische Energieträger aus Biomasse Stand der Entwicklungen an der TU Wien. Hermann HOFBAUER, TU Wien

Gasförmige und flüssige synthetische Energieträger aus Biomasse Stand der Entwicklungen an der TU Wien. Hermann HOFBAUER, TU Wien Gasförmige und flüssige synthetische Energieträger aus Biomasse Stand der Entwicklungen an der TU Wien Hermann HOFBAUER, TU Wien Fundamental Idea biogas plant gasification product synthesis gasification

More information

Biomass gasification for CHP applications

Biomass gasification for CHP applications Biomass gasification for CHP applications C.M. van der Meijden July 2014 ECN-L--14-038 Biomass gasification for CHP applications CHP & RENEWABLE ENERGY CONFERENCE London, May 22nd 2014 Christiaan van der

More information

Coal-To-Gas & Coal-To-Liquids

Coal-To-Gas & Coal-To-Liquids Located in the Energy Center at Discovery Park, Purdue University Coal-To-Gas & Coal-To-Liquids CCTR Basic Facts File #3 Brian H. Bowen, Marty W. Irwin The Energy Center at Discovery Park Purdue University

More information

IMPROVEMENT OF GAS SOLID INTERACTION IN DUAL CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED SYSTEMS

IMPROVEMENT OF GAS SOLID INTERACTION IN DUAL CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED SYSTEMS in: Proc. 9 th European Conference on Industrial Furnaces and Boilers (INFUB), Estoril, Portugal, 2011 IMPROVEMENT OF GAS SOLID INTERACTION IN DUAL CIRCULATING FLUIDIZED BED SYSTEMS Johannes C. Schmid,*

More information

CO2 Capture Technologies. 7 8 September, 2011 Abu Dhabi, UAE

CO2 Capture Technologies. 7 8 September, 2011 Abu Dhabi, UAE UNFCCC Technical workshop on modalities and procedures for carbon dioxide capture and storage in geological formations as clean development mechanism project activity CO2 Capture Technologies 7 8 September,

More information

Gasification of Lignite Coal and Biomass Using Twin IHI Gasifier (TIGAR )

Gasification of Lignite Coal and Biomass Using Twin IHI Gasifier (TIGAR ) Gasification of Lignite Coal and Biomass Using Twin IHI Gasifier (TIGAR ) SUDA Toshiyuki : Doctor of Engineering, Manager, Heat & Fluid Dynamics Department, Research Laboratory, Corporate Research & Development

More information

Click here to return to Contents page Integration of biomass gasification in a gas-engine cogeneration system

Click here to return to Contents page Integration of biomass gasification in a gas-engine cogeneration system Click here to return to Contents page Integration of biomass gasification in a gas-engine cogeneration system F Pratola, M L Pellizza, F Repetto, E Maggio, C Amorino INTEGRATION OF BIOMASS GASIFICATION

More information

2012 Foster Wheeler. All rights reserved

2012 Foster Wheeler. All rights reserved Gasified Biomass for Biofuels Production: Foster Wheeler s Technology Developments for Large Scale Applications Gasification Technologies Conference 2012 Washington Juha Palonen Product Manager, Gasifiers,

More information

SKI Coal Gasification Technology. Feb. 23, 2012

SKI Coal Gasification Technology. Feb. 23, 2012 SKI Coal Gasification Technology Feb. 23, 2012 1 Contents Overview of SK Organization Coal SKI Coal Gasification Technology 2 SK Group [ Sales ] Unit: USD Billion SK Telecom SK C&C SK Broadband SK Telesys

More information

Two-stage Gasification of Untreated and Torrefied Wood

Two-stage Gasification of Untreated and Torrefied Wood A publication of CHEMICAL ENGINEERING TRANSACTIONS VOL. 50, 2016 Guest Editors: Katharina Kohse-Höinghaus, Eliseo Ranzi Copyright 2016, AIDIC Servizi S.r.l., ISBN 978-88-95608-41-9; ISSN 2283-9216 The

More information

Biomass gasification development of attractive business cases

Biomass gasification development of attractive business cases Biomass gasification development of attractive business cases Gasification: a versatile technology converting biomass to produce synfuels, heat and power The BRISK Open Workshop / TOTEM 40 Jaap Kiel Delft,

More information

Morris Argyle Assistant Professor Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. School of Energy Resources Symposium Casper, WY February 28, 2007

Morris Argyle Assistant Professor Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering. School of Energy Resources Symposium Casper, WY February 28, 2007 Coal Gasification: What Does It Mean for Wyoming? Research and Development Initiatives of the University of Wyoming Morris Argyle Assistant Professor Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering School

More information

Ene CGT / Fall 2015 / Model Solution Homework 2 V2.0. Introduction M.M.

Ene CGT / Fall 2015 / Model Solution Homework 2 V2.0. Introduction M.M. 17.11.2015 M.M. Ene-47.5123 CGT / Fall 2015 / Model Solution Homework 2 V2.0 Kindly note that the model solutions are intended to help and complement the learning process. The prepared solutions are not

More information

PLASMA ASSISTED GASIFICATION OF COAL FOR THERMAL POWER PLANTS APPLICATION

PLASMA ASSISTED GASIFICATION OF COAL FOR THERMAL POWER PLANTS APPLICATION PLASMA ASSISTED GASIFICATION OF COAL FOR THERMAL POWER PLANTS APPLICATION Prof. E.I. Karpenko, Prof. V.E.Messerle, Dr. A.B.Ustimenko NTO Plasmotekhnica Ltd., Almaty, Kazakhstan Research Institute of Experimental

More information

Impact of coal quality and gasifier technology on IGCC performance

Impact of coal quality and gasifier technology on IGCC performance Impact of coal quality and gasifier technology on IGCC performance Ola Maurstad 1 *, Howard Herzog**, Olav Bolland*, János Beér** *The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), N-7491 Trondheim,

More information

Evaluation of Oxy-Coal Combustion Modelling at Semi-Industrial Scale

Evaluation of Oxy-Coal Combustion Modelling at Semi-Industrial Scale Institute of Combustion and Power Plant Technology Prof. Dr. techn. G. Scheffknecht Evaluation of Oxy-Coal Combustion Modelling at Semi-Industrial Scale 6th Trondheim CCS Conference June 14-16, 2011, Trondheim,

More information

Alstom Development of Oxyfuel PC and CFB Power Plants

Alstom Development of Oxyfuel PC and CFB Power Plants Alstom Development of Oxyfuel PC and CFB Power Plants Frank Kluger & John Marion 3 rd Oxy-Combustion Workshop Yokohama, Japan March 06, 2008 Improvement Measures for Fossil Power Plants Regarding CO2 Mitigation

More information

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification

Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 1 P age Module 2: Solid Fossil Fuel (Coal) Lecture 15: Coal Gasification 2 P age Keywords: Coal preparation, purification, gasification, gasifier, syngas 2.6 Coal gasification Coal gasification technology

More information

Advancement of Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling

Advancement of Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling 155 South 1452 East Room 380 Salt Lake City, Utah 84112 1-801-585-1233 Advancement of Chemical Looping with Oxygen Uncoupling Kevin J. Whitty Department of Chemical Engineering Institute for Clean and

More information

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 33: Combustion air calculation

Module 5: Combustion Technology. Lecture 33: Combustion air calculation 1 P age Module 5: Combustion Technology Lecture 33: Combustion air calculation 2 P age Keywords: Heat of combustion, stoichiometric air, excess air, natural gas combustion Combustion air calculation The

More information

Waste wood fueled gasification demonstration project

Waste wood fueled gasification demonstration project Waste wood fueled gasification demonstration project C.M. van der Meijden W. Sierhuis 2 A. van der Drift ECN 2 HVC group Presented at the Renewable Energy World Europe Conference and Exhibition, 7-9 June

More information

Biomass Characterization and Gasification

Biomass Characterization and Gasification Biomass Characterization and Gasification CHEN 4470: Process Design Practice Sushil Adhikari, Ph.D. Biosystems Engineering Department January 24, 2013 Biomass Properties Physical Properties Density, size,

More information

BIOMASS GASIFICATION: What is it? Can it be used now? By Eric Lynch January 21, 2006

BIOMASS GASIFICATION: What is it? Can it be used now? By Eric Lynch January 21, 2006 BIOMASS GASIFICATION: What is it? Can it be used now? By Eric Lynch January 21, 2006 Overview Historical review Where did it come from? Why did they develop it? What exactly is it? Fundamental Chemical

More information

Innovative processes for thermochemical SNG production from biomass

Innovative processes for thermochemical SNG production from biomass Innovative processes for thermochemical SNG production from biomass DVGW - EDGaR First Joint Conference Dominic Buchholz DVGW Forschungsstelle - Gastechnologie am Engler-Bunte-Institut des Karlsruher Instituts

More information

By K.K.Parthiban / Boiler specialist / Venus Energy Audit System

By K.K.Parthiban / Boiler specialist / Venus Energy Audit System FINE TUNING EXPERIENCE OF A CFBC BOILER By K.K.Parthiban / Boiler specialist / Venus Energy Audit System Introduction The Industrial boilers have been seeing a growth in capacity in the recent years. Current

More information

Putting a chill on global warming

Putting a chill on global warming Carbon capture and storage Putting a chill on global warming SABINE SULZER SULZER PUMPS MARKUS DUSS SULZER CHEMTECH Whenever fuel is burned, carbon dioxide (CO ) is emitted into the atmosphere. The subsequent

More information

Development of Coal Gasification System for Producing Chemical Synthesis Source Gas

Development of Coal Gasification System for Producing Chemical Synthesis Source Gas 27 Development of Coal Gasification System for Producing Chemical Synthesis Source Gas TAKAO HASHIMOTO *1 KOICHI SAKAMOTO *1 KATSUHIRO OTA *2 TAKASHI IWAHASHI *3 YUUICHIROU KITAGAWA *4 KATSUHIKO YOKOHAMA

More information

FUEL CONVERSION IN FLUIDIZED DUAL-REACTOR SYSTEMS

FUEL CONVERSION IN FLUIDIZED DUAL-REACTOR SYSTEMS 61st IEA-FBC Meeting, Salerno, October 2010 FUEL CONVERSION IN FLUIDIZED DUAL-REACTOR SYSTEMS Bo Leckner Department of Energy & Environment Chalmers University of Technology Göteborg, Sweden THIS PRESENTATION

More information

ORIGINAL PAPER. A parametric study on coal gasification for the production of syngas

ORIGINAL PAPER. A parametric study on coal gasification for the production of syngas Chemical Papers 66 (7) 677 683 (2012) DOI: 10.2478/s11696-012-0164-0 ORIGINAL PAPER A parametric study on coal gasification for the production of syngas a Afsin Gungor*, b Murat Ozbayoglu, c Cosku Kasnakoglu,

More information

Outlook on Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Technology

Outlook on Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Technology The IGCC Process: From Coal To Clean Electric Power Outlook on Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Technology Testimony of Edward Lowe Gas Turbine-Combined Cycle Product Line Manager General

More information

BIOMASS RESEARCH at ECN. Bram van der Drift

BIOMASS RESEARCH at ECN. Bram van der Drift BIOMASS RESEARCH at ECN Bram van der Drift ECN-BIOMASS ~50 persons, ~8 M /y, organized in three groups: power and heat biomass upgrading (torrefaction) waste to energy co-firing CHP (combustion, gasification)

More information

Lecture 35: Atmosphere in Furnaces

Lecture 35: Atmosphere in Furnaces Lecture 35: Atmosphere in Furnaces Contents: Selection of atmosphere: Gases and their behavior: Prepared atmospheres Protective atmospheres applications Atmosphere volume requirements Atmosphere sensors

More information

From solid fuels to substitute natural gas (SNG) using TREMP

From solid fuels to substitute natural gas (SNG) using TREMP From solid fuels to substitute natural gas (SNG) using TREMP Topsøe Recycle Energy-efficient Methanation Process Introduction Natural gas is a clean, environmentally friendly energy source and is expected

More information

The Viking Gasifier Biomass Gasification Group, DTU

The Viking Gasifier Biomass Gasification Group, DTU The Viking Gasifier Outline Biomass Gasification Group at DTU Two stage gasification Viking gasifier Technologies Hurdles on the way Results from April Conclusions Biomass Gasification Group Thermal conversion

More information

Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso

Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso Finnish Swedish Flame days 17.4.2013 Jyväskylä Timo Honkola Product manager, gasification Metso CFB gasifier Industrial experience Götavärken - Atmospheric

More information

Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems.

Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems. Shaw Renewables specialise in the design, installation and maintenance of low carbon bioenergy systems. Thermal energy: Biomass Boilers Heat Networks Biomass CHP Electrical energy: Anaerobic Digestion

More information

NAWTEC19-5421 BENEFICIAL USE OF ASH AND CHAR FROM BIOMASS GASIFICATION

NAWTEC19-5421 BENEFICIAL USE OF ASH AND CHAR FROM BIOMASS GASIFICATION Proceedings of the 19th Annual North American Waste-to-Energy Conference NAWTEC19 May 16-18, 2011, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, USA NAWTEC19-5421 BENEFICIAL USE OF ASH AND CHAR FROM BIOMASS GASIFICATION Naomi

More information

Low tar and high efficient gasification concept

Low tar and high efficient gasification concept Downloaded from orbit.dtu.dk on: Dec 28, 2016 Low tar and high efficient gasification concept Bentzen, Jens Dall; Elmegaard, Brian; Henriksen, Ulrik Birk Published in: Proceedings of ECOS 2000 Publication

More information

Concepts in Syngas Manufacture

Concepts in Syngas Manufacture CATALYTIC SCIENCE SERIES VOL. 10 Series Editor: Graham J. Hutchings Concepts in Syngas Manufacture Jens Rostrup-Nielsen Lars J. Christiansen Haldor Topsoe A/S, Denmark Imperial College Press Contents Preface

More information

Greenhouse Effect and Electricity Production

Greenhouse Effect and Electricity Production Greenhouse Effect and Electricity Production Jean-Pierre HAUET www.beaconsulting.com January 2002 A few figures 60 % of the greenhouse effect results from CO 2 emissions. CO 2 emissions represented 22500

More information

Production of bio-methane from woody biomass. C.M. van der Meijden H. Veringa B.J. Vreugdenhil A. van der Drift R.W.R. Zwart R.

Production of bio-methane from woody biomass. C.M. van der Meijden H. Veringa B.J. Vreugdenhil A. van der Drift R.W.R. Zwart R. Production of bio-methane from woody biomass C.M. van der Meijden H. Veringa B.J. Vreugdenhil A. van der Drift R.W.R. Zwart R. Smit ECN-M--09-086 June 2009 PRODUCTION OF BIO-METHANE FROM WOODY BIOMASS

More information

Wood to Bio-Methane demonstration project in the Netherlands

Wood to Bio-Methane demonstration project in the Netherlands Wood to Bio-Methane demonstration project in the Netherlands C.M. van der Meijden (ECN) J.W. Könemann (Dahlman) W. Sierhuis (HVC Group) A. van der Drift (ECN) G. Rietveld (ECN) June 2013 ECN-M--13-009

More information

STATUS UPDATE OF OLGA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT

STATUS UPDATE OF OLGA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT November 200 ECN-RX--0-06 STATUS UPDATE OF OLGA TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Pilot demonstration of tar removal, complete test facility & new OLGA research topic H. Boerrigter S.V.B. van Paasen P.C.A. Bergman

More information

Project Title: Integrated Gas Turbine Gasifier Pilot-Scale Power Plant Contract Number: RD3-71 Milestone Number: 6 Report Date: August 30, 2010

Project Title: Integrated Gas Turbine Gasifier Pilot-Scale Power Plant Contract Number: RD3-71 Milestone Number: 6 Report Date: August 30, 2010 Energy & Environmental Research Center University of North Dakota 15 North 23rd Street, Stop 9018 Grand Forks, ND 58202-9018 Project Title: Integrated Gas Turbine Gasifier Pilot-Scale Power Plant Contract

More information

MILENA-OLGA Integrated gasification and gas cleaning technology highly flexible and highly efficient. Jan-Willem Könemann Royal Dahlman

MILENA-OLGA Integrated gasification and gas cleaning technology highly flexible and highly efficient. Jan-Willem Könemann Royal Dahlman MILENA-OLGA Integrated gasification and gas cleaning technology highly flexible and highly efficient Jan-Willem Könemann Royal Dahlman MILENA-OLGA: most efficient gasification technology Finalist in the

More information

Biomass Gasification 101

Biomass Gasification 101 Biomass Gasification 101 Steve Jenkins CH2M HILL Engineers, Inc. Tampa, Florida Edmonton, Alberta June 4, 2012 Topics What are pyrolysis and gasification? Historical uses for pyrolysis and gasification

More information

A d v a n t a g e s a n d L i m i t a t i o n s o f B i o m a s s C o - c o m b u s t i o n i n F o s s i l F i r e d P o w e r P l a n t s

A d v a n t a g e s a n d L i m i t a t i o n s o f B i o m a s s C o - c o m b u s t i o n i n F o s s i l F i r e d P o w e r P l a n t s A d v a n t a g e s a n d L i m i t a t i o n s o f B i o m a s s C o - c o m b u s t i o n i n F o s s i l F i r e d P o w e r P l a n t s March 2008 2 1 Introduction The aim of the European Commission

More information

Experiences from the Lahti and Ruien Plants. 25 th of May 2005 Timo Anttikoski Foster Wheeler Energia Oy

Experiences from the Lahti and Ruien Plants. 25 th of May 2005 Timo Anttikoski Foster Wheeler Energia Oy Experiences from the Lahti and Ruien Plants 25 th of May 2005 Timo Anttikoski Foster Wheeler Energia Oy Foster Wheeler Global Power Group Products Complete boiler islands/power plants - EPC deliveries

More information

International Conference on Energy Efficient Technologies For Automobiles (EETA 15) Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences ISSN:

International Conference on Energy Efficient Technologies For Automobiles (EETA 15) Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences ISSN: PERFORMANCE OF THE PILOT MODEL UPDRAFT GASIFIER R.Chandar Raja*, S.Sankarabharathi, R.Rave Sankar, M.Chandraseka 4. University college of Engineering (BIT Campus), Trichy, India. *Corresponding author:

More information

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture at Coal-Fired Power Plants. Presented By Brian McNamara

Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture at Coal-Fired Power Plants. Presented By Brian McNamara Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Capture at Coal-Fired Power Plants Presented By Brian McNamara bmcnamara@kentlaw.edu What is CO2 Capture? A process consisting of separating CO2 from energy-related sources before

More information

Biomass Gasification Options to Maximize Resource Use Efficiency

Biomass Gasification Options to Maximize Resource Use Efficiency Biomass Gasification Options to Maximize Resource Use Efficiency > R.A. Knight, A. Basu, B. Bryan, V. Bush, M. Onischak (Gas Technology Institute) > 2009 TAPPI International Bioenergy & Bioproducts Conference,

More information

Indirect gasification: A new technology for a better use of Victorian Brown Coal

Indirect gasification: A new technology for a better use of Victorian Brown Coal Indirect gasification: A new technology for a better use of Victorian Brown Coal B.J. Vreugdenhil A. van der Drift C.M. van der Meijden A.J. Grootjes March 2014 ECN-M--14-012 Indirect gasification: A new

More information

Waste Gasification and Energy Efficiency

Waste Gasification and Energy Efficiency Sardinia 2011 S. Margherita di Pula, 3-7 October 2011 IWWG Workshop on Thermal Treatment Waste Gasification and Energy Efficiency prof. Stefano Consonni Dipartimento di Energia - Politecnico di Milano

More information

LOW-RANK COAL GASIFICATION STUDIES USING THE PSDF TRANSPORT GASIFIER

LOW-RANK COAL GASIFICATION STUDIES USING THE PSDF TRANSPORT GASIFIER LOW-RANK COAL GASIFICATION STUDIES USING THE PSDF TRANSPORT GASIFIER J. atthew Nelson* (jmnelson@southernco.com: 205-670-5065) Brandon. Davis, X. Guan, Roxann F. Leonard, P. Vimalchand Southern Company,

More information

A GENERIC THERMODYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM MODEL-BASED FRAMEWORK FOR BIOMASS GASIFICATION PROCESSES

A GENERIC THERMODYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM MODEL-BASED FRAMEWORK FOR BIOMASS GASIFICATION PROCESSES A GENERIC THERMODYNAMIC EQUILIBRIUM MODEL-BASED FRAMEWORK FOR BIOMASS GASIFICATION PROCESSES Gan Gek Hian, Suriyati Saleh and Noor Asma Fazli Abdul Samad Faculty of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering,

More information

Case Study 1. Lahti Gasification Facility, Finland

Case Study 1. Lahti Gasification Facility, Finland Case Study 1 Lahti Gasification Facility, Finland Case Study for Zero Waste South Australia RICARDO-AEA/R/ED58135 Issue Number 1 Date 02/07/2013 Disclaimer: This case study has been prepared by Ricardo-AEA

More information

Tutkimuksen merkitys menestyvässä liiketoiminnassa- Innovaatiosta tuotteeksi

Tutkimuksen merkitys menestyvässä liiketoiminnassa- Innovaatiosta tuotteeksi Tutkimuksen merkitys menestyvässä liiketoiminnassa- Innovaatiosta tuotteeksi Matti Rautanen Manager, External Networks, Power-wide R&D Tutkimuksella tulevaisuuteen- seminaari Kaukolämpöpäivät, Kuopio 29.8.2013

More information

Power Generation through Surface Coal Gasification

Power Generation through Surface Coal Gasification Paper ID : 20100412 Power Generation through Surface Coal Gasification Sri Tapas Maiti, Sri S. Mustafi IEOT, ONGC, MUMBAI, INDIA Email : maiti.tapas@gmail.com Abstract Introduction India s oil reserve

More information

NITROGEN OXIDES FORMATION in combustion processes COMBUSTION AND FUELS

NITROGEN OXIDES FORMATION in combustion processes COMBUSTION AND FUELS NITROGEN OXIDES FORMATION in combustion processes NITROGEN OXIDES FORMED DURING COMBUSTION N 2 O - nitrous oxide NO - nitric oxide NO 2 - nitrogen dioxide N = 14, O 2 =16, NO = 30, NO 2 = 46 CONTRIBUTION

More information

(205) 670-5088 (205) 670-5863

(205) 670-5088 (205) 670-5863 Ruth Ann Yongue Roxann Laird Senior Engineer Assistant Project Director rayongue@southernco.com rfleonar@southernco.com (205) 670-5088 (205) 670-5863 Southern Company Services Power Systems Development

More information

Thermodynamic Study and Improving Efficiency of Biomass Gasifier

Thermodynamic Study and Improving Efficiency of Biomass Gasifier pp 47 51 Krishi Sanskriti Publications http://www.krishisanskriti.org/areee.html Thermodynamic Study and Improving Efficiency of Biomass Gasifier Alpana Singh 1, Nishant Kr Srivastava 2, Vinod Yadav 3,

More information

The 800 kwth allothermal biomass gasifier MILENA

The 800 kwth allothermal biomass gasifier MILENA The 800 kwth allothermal biomass gasifier MILENA C.M. van der Meijden H.J. Veringa A. van der Drift B.J. Vreugdenhil Presented at the 16th European Biomass Conference, 2-6 June 2008, Valencia, Spain ECN-M--08-054

More information

Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels technological and economic evaluation based on Austrian experiences

Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels technological and economic evaluation based on Austrian experiences Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels technological and economic evaluation based on Austrian experiences Dr. Ingwald Obernberger BIOS Sandgasse 47, A-8010 A Graz,, Austria TEL.: +43 (316) 481300; FAX: +43

More information

Waste Wood Gasification: Distribution of Nitrogen, Sulphur and Chlorine in a Dual Fluidised Bed Steam Gasifier

Waste Wood Gasification: Distribution of Nitrogen, Sulphur and Chlorine in a Dual Fluidised Bed Steam Gasifier Engineering Conferences International ECI Digital Archives 10th International Conference on Circulating Fluidized Beds and Fluidization Technology - CFB-10 Refereed Proceedings Spring 5-2-2011 Waste Wood

More information

Carbon Dioxide Membrane Separation for Carbon Capture using Direct FuelCell Systems

Carbon Dioxide Membrane Separation for Carbon Capture using Direct FuelCell Systems Carbon Dioxide Membrane Separation for Carbon Capture using Direct FuelCell Systems DFC Technology Used as Electrochemical Membrane for CO 2 Purification and Capture during Power Generation FCE s Direct

More information

Waste wood gasification in an allothermal gasifier

Waste wood gasification in an allothermal gasifier Waste wood gasification in an allothermal gasifier C.M. van der Meijden 1 W. Sierhuis 2 A. van der Drift 1 B.J. Vreugdenhil 1 1 ECN 2 HVC group Presented at the 19th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition

More information

COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT Vol. I - Coal Gasification - Xingzhong Sha

COAL, OIL SHALE, NATURAL BITUMEN, HEAVY OIL AND PEAT Vol. I - Coal Gasification - Xingzhong Sha COAL GASIFICATION Xingzhong Sha Department of Energy Sources Chemical Technology, Shanghai, China Keywords: Agglomerating Ash Gasifier, Applications of Coal Gasification, Ash Zone, BGC-L Gasifier, Classification

More information

Coal Gasification Development for IGFC (EAGLE Project)

Coal Gasification Development for IGFC (EAGLE Project) Coal Gasification Development for IGFC (EAGLE Project) Sadao Wasaka Energy and Environment Technology Development Department New Energy And Industrial Technology Development Organization Tokyo, Japan Masao

More information

Swedish Gasification Centre a research program for bio-methane and second generation biofuels

Swedish Gasification Centre a research program for bio-methane and second generation biofuels Swedish Gasification Centre a research program for bio-methane and second generation biofuels Rikard Gebart, LTU Henrik Wiinikka, ETC Klas Engvall, KTH Henrik Thunman, Chalmers Today: Transports are almost

More information

BIOMASS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY FORECAST

BIOMASS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY FORECAST A BIOMASS GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY FORECAST Biomass gasification-combined cycle technology offers several advantages relative to direct combustion-steam cycle and other biomass power technologies. The principal

More information