Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers"

Transcription

1 Efficiency on a large scale CFB Steam Boilers

2 Circulating Fluidized Bed Steam Boiler The Circulating Fluidized Bed Steam Boiler is an offering from Bosch Thermotechnology a member of the worldwide Bosch Group. Globally renowned as a leading manufacturer of standard and customised boiler systems with a diversified product range, Bosch Thermotechnology has provided innovative, energy-efficient, eco-friendly and high-quality solutions and services for residential, commercial and industrial applications for over 140 years. In addition to industrial applications, Bosch Boiler Systems are also used for Space Heating in various industrial applications. Circulating Fluidized Bed Combustion CFBC technology has evolved from conventional AFBC combustion as a means to overcome some of the drawbacks associated with conventional AFBC combustion. CFBC technology utilises the fluidized bed principle in which crushed fuel is injected into the furnace or combustor and the fine combusted particles are elutriated out of the furnace with flue gas. The balance particles are then collected by solid separators and circulated back into the furnace. There are no steam generation tubes immersed in the bed avoiding any erosion of bed tubes and their replacement due to wear and tear resulting in boiler stoppages. The particle circulation provides efficient heat transfer to the furnace walls and longer residence time for complete combustion of fuel. The time available for combustion is infinite for unburnt particles as they are recirculated in the furnace, making the quantity of unburnt losses as minimal as possible. The tall furnace design of CFBC boilers offers better space sorbent residence time for efficient combustion and SO 2 capture and easier application of staged combustion techniques for NO x control than AFBC generators. CFBC boilers are generally acclaimed for being more economical than AFBC boilers for industrial applications.

3 Furnace This is an arrangement in fin and tube construction, which provides the advantage of a gastight chamber. This allows any influx of air to be avoided which, in turn, results in efficiency. Height and footprint are two critical parameters that determine a furnace. Footprint of the furnace is governed by the type of fuel and selection of combustor, while height of the furnace depends on the freeboard required for complete combustion. The membrane wall of the furnace, which usually applies to boilers >25t/h and >2,5 MPa, also ensures that heat is extracted from the flue gases and their temperature is reduced enough to enter the convection zone and that no fouling takes place. Special-Bent Tube Bypass Kitout Structure Converging membrane water wall section is provided at the interface of bottom conical furnace / combustor and freeboard area of furnace. Water-Cooled Air Distributor The air distribution system is madeup of a membrane-type water wall construction. This construction ensures optimum temperature of the distribution plate. The Air nozzles are arranged such as to have uniform air distribution across the fluid bed. This uniform air distribution helps for proper fuel combustion and to avoid clinker formation. Built-In Bell Jar Air Cap The Air Cap is a precision casting with heat- and wear-resistant cast steel. Long service life, uniform air distribution, excellent regulation performance and stable operation are some of the salient features enabled by this element. Separate design for air cap and connecting tubes is convenient for replacement of the Bell Jar.

4 Volute-Type High-Temperature Cyclone Separator (Hot Cyclone) Volute-type structure effectively captures small particles in the flue gas and reaches a separation efficiency of more than 99.5% with good fuel adaptability and high combustion efficiency Volute-type cyclone separator - Flue gas enters the separator tangentially, with optimum entrance velocity and optimum entrance angle to enhance separation efficiency The tangential flue gas entry into the cyclone adjusts with the flue gas velocity, thus enhancing efficiency and reducing wear Highly efficient separation system to improve the utilisation of limestone, which ensures clean and environmentally safe combustion The cyclone is made of steel plate and is safe, reliable and convenient for maintenance High wear-resistant bricks and a new type of high temperature- and wear-resistant cement is used as inner lining of the cyclone Fly Ash Reinjection System It is a non-mechanical, self-balancing U-type fly ash reinjection system It optimizes air supply to control the temperature of reinjection material to avoid any clinker formation in reinjection through the feeding chute The loop seal is divided into two sections. The first section is the dip-leg and the second section is the riser-leg. Proper air distribution in these individual sections helps in maintaining the required transfer rate of reinjection material into the furnace Various temperature- and pressure-measuring points are provided in the boiler system to monitor and control important parameters during boiler operation It has metal bellow expansion joints on the ash reinjection chute to maintain good sealing performance and keep the site clean and tidy

5 Super Heater (for superheated steam boiler only) The superheater is constructed in two halves which are connected to each other by an attemperator in between The attemperator ensures that the temperature of the boiler outlet steam is controlled within specified limits by spraying of boiler feed water The attemperator can be of two types: spray type or surface type Boiling Tubes (for saturated steam boiler only) The boiling tubes form the convection zone located in the tail shaft of a boiler They are arranged in line - longitudinal with the flue gas flow Economiser This is a heat recovery device for efficiency improvement and is placed after the boiler bank This equipment uses the heat of the flue gases coming out from the boiler to preheat the water going into the steam drum This reduces the flue gas temperature which improves boiler thermal efficiency Air Preheater The air preheater is a last heat recovery system It is a crossflow gas heat exchanger which preheats the combustion air that enters the fluid bed combustor and furnace through the secondary air nozzle Pollution Control Equipment Multicyclone Dust Collector Bag Filter Electrostatic Precipitator

6 Fuel Handling System Comprises: Grizzly hopper Belt conveyor Crusher Vibrating screen Product conveyor / Bucket elevator Ash Handling System Ash Handling System supplied is complete with Bed Ash Handling and Fly Ash Handling Bed Ash Handling System Comprises: Rotary ash cooler to cool the hot ash coming out of the bed Conveyor and Bucket elevator to take ash to silo Storage silo to hold the ash Fly Ash Handling System Comprises: Isolating valve Ash pot Pneumatic conveying pipes Timer-based control and storage silo Boiler Ignition System Comprises: LFO (Light Fuel Oil)/HSD storage tank Pressure automisation pump Pressure jet burner Sequence controller

7 Deaerator Module The Deaerator Module supplies steam boilers with degassed and chemically conditioned feed water and disposes of the desalting and waste water. It ensures: Discharge and storage of condensate and make-up water Thermal full deaeration of the feed water Chemical conditioning of the feed water Control for chemical dosing Dry running protection feed pump module Overflow protection Typical Control Schemes Advanced Controls Fully Automatic Boiler Control Technology with: Programmable Logic Control (PLC) Technology Centralised Control System Boiler is provided with Control Loops such as: Three element Boiler Water Level Control System Combustion Control System Automatic Feed Water Control System Furnace Draft Control System Automatic Monitoring and Control of: Steam Pressure Steam Temperature Feed Water Flow Flue Gas Oxygen Breakdowns and Historical Records: Automatic recording of the time and causes of breakdowns Accumulative recording of ignition times and fan operating time, water pumps and burners Automatic display of the parameter curves such as pressure and temperature Automatic recording of hot water / steam consumption to provide database for energy management

8 Product Range Offerings MPa t/h ºC Other capacities and pressures can be supplied on demand.

University of Iowa Power Plant

University of Iowa Power Plant University of Iowa Power Plant Contents Purpose... 2 History... 3 Cogeneration... 6 Boilers... 7 Environmental Impact... 10 Steam Turbine Generators... 12 Modernization... 14 Biomass Fuel Initiative...

More information

1.3 Properties of Coal

1.3 Properties of Coal 1.3 Properties of Classification is classified into three major types namely anthracite, bituminous, and lignite. However there is no clear demarcation between them and coal is also further classified

More information

Condensing Boiler Efficiency

Condensing Boiler Efficiency Condensing Boiler Efficiency Date: July 17, 2012 PRES E NT ED BY DO N L E O NA RDI LE O N A RD I I NC. HV AC T RAI N I N G & C ON SU LT IN G Concepts 1 The current state of evolution in boiler design 2

More information

BEST PRACTICE GUIDE. Energy Efficiency: Steam, Hot Water and Process Heating Systems

BEST PRACTICE GUIDE. Energy Efficiency: Steam, Hot Water and Process Heating Systems BEST PRACTICE GUIDE Energy Efficiency: Steam, Hot Water and Process Heating Systems Contents 1 Introduction 4 2 The business benefits of steam system, hot water system and process heating system efficiency

More information

ASPE Seminar Water Heater Piping Strategies. Presented by Joe Kalarickal, EIT Regional Sales Manager AERCO International

ASPE Seminar Water Heater Piping Strategies. Presented by Joe Kalarickal, EIT Regional Sales Manager AERCO International ASPE Seminar Water Heater Piping Strategies Presented by Joe Kalarickal, EIT Regional Sales Manager AERCO International Presentation Overview Water Heater Piping Strategies How to size a water heater?

More information

Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping

Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping Fluidized Bed Based CO 2 Capture by Carbonate Looping Prof. Dr.-Ing. Bernd Epple bernd.epple@est.tu-darmstadt.de www.est.tu-darmstadt.de Tel. +49 6151 16 4717 1 Carbonator: T 450 750 C CaO + CO 2 CaCO

More information

WATER WALL BOILER FOR AIR AND OXYGEN FIRED CLAUS SULPHUR RECOVERY UNITS

WATER WALL BOILER FOR AIR AND OXYGEN FIRED CLAUS SULPHUR RECOVERY UNITS WATER WALL BOILER FOR AIR AND OXYGEN FIRED CLAUS SULPHUR RECOVERY UNITS Abstract Mahin RAMESHNI, P.E. Technical Director, Sulphur Technology Mahin.Rameshni@worleyparsons.com WorleyParsons 125 West Huntington

More information

Steam System Efficiency. Bill Lumsden Leidos Engineering

Steam System Efficiency. Bill Lumsden Leidos Engineering Steam System Efficiency Bill Lumsden Leidos Engineering Steam System Efficiency Steam System Efficiency Key Take-aways: Review of the properties of ice, water, and steam Learn the basics of steam trap

More information

Mechanical Seal Piping Plans

Mechanical Seal Piping Plans Mechanical Seal Piping Plans Single Seals plans 01, 02, 03, 11, 13, 14, 21, 23, 31, 32, 41 Dual Seals plans 52, 53A, 53B, 53C, 54, 55 Quench Seals plans 62, 65A, 65B, 66A, 66B Gas Seals plans 72, 74, 75,

More information

Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Commercial & Industrial Customers. Michael Pace Lead Engineer C & I Efficiency Programs

Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Commercial & Industrial Customers. Michael Pace Lead Engineer C & I Efficiency Programs Natural Gas Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Commercial & Industrial Customers Michael Pace Lead Engineer C & I Efficiency Programs Agenda Energy Efficiency Opportunities for Small/Mid Commercial Facilities

More information

Fortum bygger Sveriges största biokraftvärmeverk i Stockholms stad. Daniel Nilsson Värme & Kraftkonferensen, Stockholm 12 november 2014

Fortum bygger Sveriges största biokraftvärmeverk i Stockholms stad. Daniel Nilsson Värme & Kraftkonferensen, Stockholm 12 november 2014 Fortum bygger Sveriges största biokraftvärmeverk i Stockholms stad Daniel Nilsson Värme & Kraftkonferensen, Stockholm 12 november 2014 2 Projekt KVV8 3 Project KVV 8 in Värtan KVV8 production capacity

More information

Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso

Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso Industrial gasification demonstration plants by Metso Finnish Swedish Flame days 17.4.2013 Jyväskylä Timo Honkola Product manager, gasification Metso CFB gasifier Industrial experience Götavärken - Atmospheric

More information

OROT RABIN POWER STATION UNITS 1-4. 4 x 350 MW

OROT RABIN POWER STATION UNITS 1-4. 4 x 350 MW ISRAEL ELECTRIC OROT RABIN POWER STATION UNITS 1-4 4 x 350 MW COAL BOILER CONVERSION TO LOW NO X NATURAL GAS AND COAL FIRING BY PRIMARY AND SECONDARY MEASURES INSTALLATION Replacing the Burner Management

More information

IGEMA BOILER LEVEL & TDS CONTROLS

IGEMA BOILER LEVEL & TDS CONTROLS IGEMA BOILER LEVEL & TDS CONTROLS IGEMA offers boiler level and TDS control products of the highest quality standard, being certified to ISO 9001. Made in Germany, IGEMA products are manufactured in compliance

More information

Recommendations Regarding the Handling of Norit GL 50 in Flue Gas Clean up Systems

Recommendations Regarding the Handling of Norit GL 50 in Flue Gas Clean up Systems Technical Bulletin Gas & Air Recommendations Regarding the Handling of Norit GL 50 in Flue Gas Clean up Systems 1. Introduction Norit GL 50 is a powdered activated carbon widely used for the removal of

More information

rbital Fields of application Variants

rbital Fields of application Variants Fields of application Based on more than 30 years experience of engineering and fabrication of Air and Flue Gas dampers, NOVAL makes available to its customers this welded design, in particular in the

More information

Multi-pollutant control solutions for coal based power plants

Multi-pollutant control solutions for coal based power plants Multi-pollutant control solutions for coal based power plants By Luca Mancuso and Hans Janssen Content SOx control Wet Scrubbers Open towers Dual Flow Tray Technology Semi-Dry SDA CFB Scrubbers Dust control

More information

Boiler Blowdown. Boiler Blowdown Benefits. Best Operating Practices for Boiler Blowdown

Boiler Blowdown. Boiler Blowdown Benefits. Best Operating Practices for Boiler Blowdown Boiler Blowdown Even with the best pretreatment programs, boiler feedwater often contains some degree of impurities, such as suspended and dissolved solids. The impurities can remain and accumulate inside

More information

Recover Heat from Boiler Blowdown Water

Recover Heat from Boiler Blowdown Water Prepared for California Energy Commission (CEC) Prepared By: Southern California Gas Company (A Sempra Energy Utility) E3M Inc. May 2012 i Disclaimer The CEC and its contractor, Southern California Gas

More information

A Comparison of Fluid-Bed Technologies for Renewable Energy Applications

A Comparison of Fluid-Bed Technologies for Renewable Energy Applications Technical Paper BR-1833 A Comparison of Fluid-Bed Technologies for Renewable Energy Applications Authors: J.P. DeFusco P.A. McKenzie W.R. Stirgwolt Babcock & Wilcox Power Generation Group, Inc. Barberton,

More information

RESIDENTIAL HEATING OIL SERVICE CONTRACT ANNUAL COST $276.00

RESIDENTIAL HEATING OIL SERVICE CONTRACT ANNUAL COST $276.00 RESIDENTIAL HEATING OIL SERVICE CONTRACT This service contract covers all routine service and maintenance of your residential oil fired furnace or boiler. In addition this contract covers all service calls

More information

HIGH QUALITY COMPONENTS

HIGH QUALITY COMPONENTS Eco reen Line HIGH QUALITY COMPONENTS that distinguish Eco reen Line series of devices 1. The lambda probe it performs a function of an oxygen sensor (O ) in the exhaust gasses, providing constant diagnostic

More information

Evaluate, Clean, and Tune Guidance

Evaluate, Clean, and Tune Guidance Evaluate, Clean, and Tune Guidance The Evaluate, Clean and Tune (ECT) process serves three essential purposes in the Weatherization Assistance Program (WAP). The first is to evaluate the existing system

More information

RECOVERING RESOURCES FOR ALL. Integra South East Energy Recovery Facility

RECOVERING RESOURCES FOR ALL. Integra South East Energy Recovery Facility RECOVERING RESOURCES FOR ALL Integra South East Energy Recovery Facility Integra South East Energy Recovery Facility (ERF) is the third of its kind to be built in Hampshire and is a leading example of

More information

Sewage sludge treatment with oxygen enrichement and oxyfuel combustion in CFBC - new pilot plant results

Sewage sludge treatment with oxygen enrichement and oxyfuel combustion in CFBC - new pilot plant results Sewage sludge treatment with oxygen enrichement and oxyfuel combustion in CFBC - new pilot plant results 64 TH IEA FLUIDIZED BED CONVERSION MEETING Naples 3 rd of June, 2012 Authors: David Wöß, Gregor

More information

Tutkimuksen merkitys menestyvässä liiketoiminnassa- Innovaatiosta tuotteeksi

Tutkimuksen merkitys menestyvässä liiketoiminnassa- Innovaatiosta tuotteeksi Tutkimuksen merkitys menestyvässä liiketoiminnassa- Innovaatiosta tuotteeksi Matti Rautanen Manager, External Networks, Power-wide R&D Tutkimuksella tulevaisuuteen- seminaari Kaukolämpöpäivät, Kuopio 29.8.2013

More information

SECTION 5 COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION UNIT 21 EVAPORATORS AND THE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM

SECTION 5 COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION UNIT 21 EVAPORATORS AND THE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM SECTION 5 COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION UNIT 21 EVAPORATORS AND THE REFRIGERATION SYSTEM UNIT OBJECTIVES After studying this unit, the reader should be able to Define high-, medium-, and low-temperature refrigeration.

More information

SECTION 23 81 03 - PACKAGED ROOFTOP AIR CONDITIONING UNITS NON-CUSTOM

SECTION 23 81 03 - PACKAGED ROOFTOP AIR CONDITIONING UNITS NON-CUSTOM SECTION 23 81 03 - PACKAGED ROOFTOP AIR CONDITIONING UNITS NON-CUSTOM PART 1 - GENERAL 1.1 SUMMARY A. Section Includes: 1. Packaged rooftop air conditioning unit (5 tons and smaller). 2. Roof curb. 1.2

More information

steinecker Stromboli wort boiling system Perfect in every brewing process

steinecker Stromboli wort boiling system Perfect in every brewing process wort boiling system Perfect in every brewing process Perfect for wort quality and saving resources Wort boiling is a fundamental step in the production of premium-quality beer. A stable head on the beer

More information

Guidelines on AIR POLLUTION CONTROL for. Joss Paper Burning at Chinese Temples, Crematoria and Similar Places

Guidelines on AIR POLLUTION CONTROL for. Joss Paper Burning at Chinese Temples, Crematoria and Similar Places Guidelines on AIR POLLUTION CONTROL for Joss Paper Burning at Chinese Temples, Crematoria and Similar Places CONTENTS 1 Introduction 2 Major Considerations 3 Best Available Technology for Control of Air

More information

COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK

COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK COMPARISON OF PROCESS FLOWS: FLUID BED COMBUSTOR AND GLASSPACK PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to present the assumptions and calculations used to prepare Minergy Drawing 100-0204-PP00 (attached).

More information

In-Line Air Separators

In-Line Air Separators Air Elimination & Control In-Line Air Separators The AC models of air separators deliver all the quality and performance you expect from Taco products. They are built to last with shell, heads and ANSI

More information

Refrigeration Basics 101. By: Eric Nelson

Refrigeration Basics 101. By: Eric Nelson Refrigeration Basics 101 By: Eric Nelson Basics Refrigeration is the removal of heat from a material or space, so that it s temperature is lower than that of it s surroundings. When refrigerant absorbs

More information

Condensing Economizers Workshop Enbridge Gas, Toronto. MENEX Boiler Plant Heat Recovery Technologies. Prepared by: Jozo Martinovic, M A Sc, P Eng

Condensing Economizers Workshop Enbridge Gas, Toronto. MENEX Boiler Plant Heat Recovery Technologies. Prepared by: Jozo Martinovic, M A Sc, P Eng Condensing Economizers Workshop Enbridge Gas, Toronto MENEX Boiler Plant Heat Recovery Technologies Prepared by: Jozo Martinovic, M A Sc, P Eng MENEX Innovative Solutions May 15, 2008 MENEX INC. 683 Louis

More information

AN EFFECTIVE THERMAL TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DETOXIFICATION OF THE MSW FLY ASH

AN EFFECTIVE THERMAL TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DETOXIFICATION OF THE MSW FLY ASH 1 AN EFFECTIVE THERMAL TECHNOLOGY FOR THE DETOXIFICATION OF THE MSW FLY ASH Rui Lima IPB - Instituto Politécnico de Bragança Estig, Gab. 23 Campus de Santa Apolónia Apartado 134 5301-857 Bragança Portugal

More information

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN CEMENT PLANTS

IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN CEMENT PLANTS IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY IN CEMENT PLANTS USING COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS (CFD) For Bureau of Energy Efficiency Best Practices in Energy Efficiency in Cement Sector" Date : 23 rd June 2015 Jodhpur,

More information

Saving Boiler Fuel. Figure 1: Boiler System Operation Costs

Saving Boiler Fuel. Figure 1: Boiler System Operation Costs Saving Boiler Fuel By James McDonald, PE, CWT Originally Published: CSTR September 2005 On average, approximately 75% of the operational costs for a boiler is fuel cost, as shown in Figure 1. Water management,

More information

Steam Generation Efficiency Module Blowdown Losses Section

Steam Generation Efficiency Module Blowdown Losses Section Steam End User Training Steam Generation Efficiency Module Blowdown Losses Section Slide 1 Blowdown Losses Module This section will discuss blowdown loss and its affect on boiler efficiency. [Slide Visual

More information

Current state of plant Functioning as a peak and emergency centre. Statistics Accumulated operating hours:

Current state of plant Functioning as a peak and emergency centre. Statistics Accumulated operating hours: Current state of plant Functioning as a peak and emergency centre Statistics Accumulated operating hours: D1-2-3-6-7: 43000 to 48000 hrs D4-5: 53000 to 57000 hrs D8: 33000 hrs Layout of the plant Index:

More information

VACUUM REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS

VACUUM REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS VACUUM REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS CHILL VACTOR The Croll-Reynolds CHILL-VACTOR is a chiller that uses a vapor flashing process. Water has a pressure-temperature relationship which is its boiling point. If its

More information

EcoCWave. The all-round talent for aqueous part cleaning. www.durr.com

EcoCWave. The all-round talent for aqueous part cleaning. www.durr.com EcoCWave The all-round talent for aqueous part cleaning www.durr.com Part cleaning as a value-adding value-adding process process Increasing demands on cleanliness in component manufacturing impose a need

More information

FLASH TANK ECONOMIZER PRODUCT GUIDE

FLASH TANK ECONOMIZER PRODUCT GUIDE FLASH TANK ECONOMIZER PRODUCT GUIDE Overview A flash tank is used to recover blowdown energy in the form of flash steam and blowdown. This can only be used with a deaerator or some other pressurized device.

More information

Basics of Kraft Pulping & Recovery Process. Art J. Ragauskas Institute of Paper Science and Technology Georgia Institute of Technology

Basics of Kraft Pulping & Recovery Process. Art J. Ragauskas Institute of Paper Science and Technology Georgia Institute of Technology Basics of Kraft Pulping & Recovery Process Art J. Ragauskas Institute of Paper Science and Technology Georgia Institute of Technology Outline History Goals Process Overview Kraft Pulping Process Kraft

More information

BOILER FEED AND CONDENSATE RECOVERY SYSTEMS Extend the life and efficiency of your boiler system

BOILER FEED AND CONDENSATE RECOVERY SYSTEMS Extend the life and efficiency of your boiler system BOILER FEED AND CONDENSATE RECOVERY SYSTEMS Extend the life and efficiency of your boiler system INTEGRATE BOILER FEED AND RECOVERY TO GET THE MOST FROM YOUR BOILER SYSTEM. Increase the safety, reliability,

More information

Rules for construction of heating boilers, Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV-2007

Rules for construction of heating boilers, Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section IV-2007 Boilers Introduction How Boilers Work Types of Boilers Key Components of Boilers Safety Issues Best Practices for Efficient Operation Best Practices for Maintenance References Introduction Boilers are

More information

Energy Efficiency in Industrial HVAC Systems

Energy Efficiency in Industrial HVAC Systems Energy Efficiency in Industrial HVAC Systems Heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) constitutes up to 35 percent of energy used in manufacturing facilities. This fact sheet is geared towards

More information

Phoenix Process Engineering, Inc. Project Experience Helping Clients Achieve MACT Compliance

Phoenix Process Engineering, Inc. Project Experience Helping Clients Achieve MACT Compliance Phoenix Process Engineering, Inc. Project Experience Helping Clients Achieve MACT Compliance The Boiler MACT, 40 CFR 63, Subpart DDDDD, was vacated in 2007 by the U.S Court of Appeals and the 2004 rule

More information

HEAVY DUTY STORAGE GAS

HEAVY DUTY STORAGE GAS Multi-Fin flue technology Flue damper saves energy Electronic controls HEAVY DUTY STORAGE GAS Dependability The Rheem heavy duty gas range is the work horse of the industry having proved itself over many

More information

Water Heaters. Condensing Storage. In my 30-plus years as a plumbing contractor,

Water Heaters. Condensing Storage. In my 30-plus years as a plumbing contractor, Condensing Storage Water Heaters These heaters are up to 96 percent efficient and typically easier to retrofit than tankless models by Jim Lunt In my 30-plus years as a plumbing contractor, I ve replaced

More information

steam centre of excellence Steam Boiler System Optimization

steam centre of excellence Steam Boiler System Optimization Steam Boiler System Optimization Introduction Gas Cost Metering Fluids Fuel, Water, Steam Steam Costs Boiler House Stack Losses Boiler Waterside Surfaces Blowdown Current Natural Gas Cost Projected Cost

More information

Test Code: 8297 / Version 1

Test Code: 8297 / Version 1 Blueprint HVAC Maintenance Technology PA Test Code: 8297 / Version 1 Copyright 2014. All Rights Reserved. General Assessment Information HVAC Maintenance Technology PA Blueprint Contents General Assessment

More information

General Electric Systems Technology Manual. Chapter 2.8. Reactor Water Cleanup System

General Electric Systems Technology Manual. Chapter 2.8. Reactor Water Cleanup System General Electric Systems Technology Manual Chapter 2.8 Reactor Water Cleanup System TABLE OF CONTENTS 2.8 REACTOR CLEANUP SYSTEM... 1 2.8.1 Introduction... 2 2.8.2 System Description... 2 2.8.3 Component

More information

dryon Processing Technology Drying / cooling in outstanding quality we process the future

dryon Processing Technology Drying / cooling in outstanding quality we process the future dryon Drying / cooling in outstanding quality we process the future Processing Technology task The basic process of drying is a necessary step in all sectors of industry. Drying has to be performed for

More information

WASHING PROCESS OF CARGO TANKS ON TANKERS FOR TRANSPORTATION OF CRUDE OIL

WASHING PROCESS OF CARGO TANKS ON TANKERS FOR TRANSPORTATION OF CRUDE OIL WASHING PROCESS OF CARGO TANKS ON TANKERS FOR TRANSPORTATION OF CRUDE OIL Siniša Stojan, Ph.D. student Damir Dražić, Ph.D. student Brodotrogir, HR - 21220 Trogir, Croatia sinisa.stojan@brodotrogir.hr,

More information

Action Plan Template HVAC Page 1

Action Plan Template HVAC Page 1 Action Plan Template HVAC Page 1 Once Establish expected HVAC system efficiency - Write down the expected efficiency of HVAC systems to use as a baseline - Add this information to maintenance plan documentation

More information

COGENERATION. This section briefly describes the main features of the cogeneration system or a Combined Heat & Power (CHP) system. 36 Units.

COGENERATION. This section briefly describes the main features of the cogeneration system or a Combined Heat & Power (CHP) system. 36 Units. COGENERATION 1. INTRODUCTION... 1 2. TYPES OF COGENERATION SYSTEMS... 2 3. ASSESSMENT OF COGENERATION SYSTEMS... 10 4. ENERGY EFFICIENCY OPPORTUNITIES... 14 5. OPTION CHECKLIST... 16 6. WORKSHEETS... 17

More information

Overview of Heat Recovery Boiler Systems and Operating Costs Factors Effecting Blowdown Blowdown Heat Recovery The Energy Tank

Overview of Heat Recovery Boiler Systems and Operating Costs Factors Effecting Blowdown Blowdown Heat Recovery The Energy Tank Overview of Heat Recovery Boiler Systems and Operating Costs Factors Effecting Blowdown Blowdown Heat Recovery The Energy Tank Unbiased, Third-Party, Water & Energy Management Consulting Firm: - Not affiliated

More information

How much do you know about HVAC? Try testing yourself with the following questions and then take a look at the answers on the following page.

How much do you know about HVAC? Try testing yourself with the following questions and then take a look at the answers on the following page. Demystifying HVAC Test Your HVAC Knowledge By Ron Prager How much do you know about HVAC? Try testing yourself with the following questions and then take a look at the answers on the following page. 1)

More information

ABSTRACT. aspects of potential waste heat recovery systems and the economics of installing them at selected survey factories.

ABSTRACT. aspects of potential waste heat recovery systems and the economics of installing them at selected survey factories. ABSTRACT WASTE HEAT RECOVERY IN THE FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRY W. L. Lundberg and J. A. Christenson Westinghouse Electric Corporation Advanced Energy Systems Division F. Wojnar H. J. Heinz Company U.S.A.

More information

Environment Impact Assessment of Thermal Power Plant for Sustainable Development

Environment Impact Assessment of Thermal Power Plant for Sustainable Development International Journal of Environmental Engineering and Management. ISSN 2231-1319, Volume 4, Number 6 (2013), pp. 567-572 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/ ijeem.htm Environment

More information

New Trends in the Field of Automobile Air Conditioning

New Trends in the Field of Automobile Air Conditioning New Trends in the Field of Automobile Air Conditioning E. Janotkova and M. Pavelek Department of Thermomechanics and Environmental Engineering Brno University of Technology, 61669 Brno, Czech Republic

More information

Water-Tube Package Boilers Reliable and Economical Steam Production

Water-Tube Package Boilers Reliable and Economical Steam Production Water-Tube Package Boilers Reliable and Economical Steam Production Water-Tube Package Boilers: Proven Design for Economical Steam Production Since 1867, The Babcock & Wilcox Company (B&W) has been designing,

More information

Design and Test Operation Performance of 1,500 C Class Gas Turbine Combined-Cycle Power Plant:

Design and Test Operation Performance of 1,500 C Class Gas Turbine Combined-Cycle Power Plant: 31 Design and Test Operation Performance of 1,500 C Class Gas Turbine Combined-Cycle Power Plant: Construction of Group 1 of the Tokyo Electric Power Company s Kawasaki Thermal Power Station KIYOSHI KAWAKAMI

More information

SECTION 5 COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION UNIT 22 CONDENSERS

SECTION 5 COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION UNIT 22 CONDENSERS SECTION 5 COMMERCIAL REFRIGERATION UNIT 22 CONDENSERS UNIT OBJECTIVES After studying this unit, the reader should be able to explain the purpose of the condenser in a refrigeration system. describe differences

More information

Protect your home s major mechanical systems with Main Street Mechanical s Home Service Agreement.

Protect your home s major mechanical systems with Main Street Mechanical s Home Service Agreement. Protect your home s major mechanical systems with Main Street Mechanical s Home Service Agreement. The benefits of a Home Service Agreement Provides peace of mind Regularly scheduled maintenance will keep

More information

Review on Experimental Analysis and Performance Characteristic of Heat Transfer In Shell and Twisted Tube Heat Exchanger

Review on Experimental Analysis and Performance Characteristic of Heat Transfer In Shell and Twisted Tube Heat Exchanger Review on Experimental Analysis and Performance Characteristic of Heat Transfer In Shell and Twisted Tube Heat Exchanger Nitesh B. Dahare Student, M.Tech (Heat power Engg.) Ballarpur Institute of Technology,

More information

BLASTING SYSTEMS. Turbine blasting systems. Air blasting systems. Automatic Painting plants

BLASTING SYSTEMS. Turbine blasting systems. Air blasting systems. Automatic Painting plants BLASTING SYSTEMS Turbine blasting systems Air blasting systems Automatic Painting plants 1, Dust Collector 2, Cyclone Separator 3, Sand (shot) Storage Hopper 4, Bucket elevator 5, Primary separator 6,

More information

Lecture Notes on Power Station Engineering

Lecture Notes on Power Station Engineering VEER SURENDRA SAI UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY BURLA, ODISHA, INDIA DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING Lecture Notes on Subject Code: BEE1504 5th Semester B.Tech. (Electrical Engineering) Disclaimer This

More information

Boiler & Pressure Vessel Inspection discrepancies and failures

Boiler & Pressure Vessel Inspection discrepancies and failures Boiler & Pressure Vessel Inspection discrepancies and failures Water Heaters / Pressure Vessels Pressure Vessels are inspected once every three years. This requires a test of A: safety relief devices B:

More information

Process Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion with Oxygen Uncoupling in a Coal-Fired Power Plant

Process Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion with Oxygen Uncoupling in a Coal-Fired Power Plant Process Integration of Chemical Looping Combustion with Oxygen Uncoupling in a Coal-Fired Power Plant Petteri Peltola 1, Maurizio Spinelli 2, Aldo Bischi 2, Michele Villani 2, Matteo C. Romano 2, Jouni

More information

2010 Residential Water Heater Replacement Check List

2010 Residential Water Heater Replacement Check List 2010 Residential Water Heater Replacement Check List The intent of this check list is to provide installers a general reference for the enforcement of code requirements in the Greater San Diego Area. This

More information

Multi Drum Heat Storage By John Canivan

Multi Drum Heat Storage By John Canivan Multi Drum Heat Storage By John Canivan http://www.jc-solarhomes.com/drum.htm Solar collectors are used to harvest the sun s heat energy from rooftops, but solar collectors are just the tip of the iceberg

More information

Indirect-Fired Storage Water Heater Models WH-30 through WH-80 INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS

Indirect-Fired Storage Water Heater Models WH-30 through WH-80 INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Indirect-Fired Storage Water Heater Models WH-30 through WH-80 INSTALLATION AND OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS Contents Page Ratings and Specifications..................... 2 Installation Requirements......................

More information

Any Service Technician Can Fix It A Good Service Technician Can Figure Out What s Wrong With It.

Any Service Technician Can Fix It A Good Service Technician Can Figure Out What s Wrong With It. I Dave s Statement If the thermostat calls for cooling, and the furnace fan is running properly, and the coil airflow is adequate, and the condenser fan is running properly, and the condenser airflow is

More information

LESSON 1. HEAT EXCHANGERS

LESSON 1. HEAT EXCHANGERS LESSON 1. HEAT EXCHANGERS 1 Contents (I) Definition. Classification. Regenerators. Mixers or direct contact heat exchangers. Packed bed heat exchangers (Intercambiadores de lecho compacto). Direct flame

More information

FREESTUDY HEAT TRANSFER TUTORIAL 3 ADVANCED STUDIES

FREESTUDY HEAT TRANSFER TUTORIAL 3 ADVANCED STUDIES FREESTUDY HEAT TRANSFER TUTORIAL ADVANCED STUDIES This is the third tutorial in the series on heat transfer and covers some of the advanced theory of convection. The tutorials are designed to bring the

More information

Miscellaneous Mechanical Equipment

Miscellaneous Mechanical Equipment Miscellaneous Mechanical Equipment Course No: M05-001 Credit: 5 PDH Elie Tawil, P.E., LEED AP Continuing Education and Development, Inc. 9 Greyridge Farm Court Stony Point, NY 10980 P: (877) 322-5800 F:

More information

Remediation of Water-Based Drilling Fluids and Cleaning of Cuttings

Remediation of Water-Based Drilling Fluids and Cleaning of Cuttings OVERVIEW Water-Based Drilling Fluids are environmentally friendly compared with oil-based drilling fluids; however their safe disposal can still be a challenge. There are normally no hydrocarbons present,

More information

KU DESIGN GUIDELINES APPENDIX XVI RECOMMENDED BAS I/O CONTROL POINTS BY EQUIPMENT / SYSTEM

KU DESIGN GUIDELINES APPENDIX XVI RECOMMENDED BAS I/O CONTROL POINTS BY EQUIPMENT / SYSTEM KU DESIGN GUIDELINES APPENDIX XVI RECOMMENDED BAS I/O CONTROL POINTS BY EQUIPMENT / SYSTEM AIR HANDLING UNITS... 1 CHILLERS... 2 COOLING TOWERS... 2 CLOSED LOOP COOLERS... 2 MISCELLANEOUS SUPPLY FANS...

More information

HVAC Processes. Lecture 7

HVAC Processes. Lecture 7 HVAC Processes Lecture 7 Targets of Lecture General understanding about HVAC systems: Typical HVAC processes Air handling units, fan coil units, exhaust fans Typical plumbing systems Transfer pumps, sump

More information

Drives and motors. A guide to using variable-speed drives and motors in retail environments

Drives and motors. A guide to using variable-speed drives and motors in retail environments Drives and motors A guide to using variable-speed drives and motors in retail environments Improving energy efficiency and lowering the carbon footprint Retailers across the UK take their corporate responsibility

More information

HVAC Systems: Overview

HVAC Systems: Overview HVAC Systems: Overview Michael J. Brandemuehl, Ph.D, P.E. University of Colorado Boulder, CO, USA Overview System Description Secondary HVAC Systems Air distribution Room diffusers and air terminals Duct

More information

For installation guide see reverse of book

For installation guide see reverse of book USERS GUIDE LOGIC Combi 24, 30, 35 For installation guide see reverse of book When replacing any part on this appliance, use only spare parts that you can be assured conform to the safety and performance

More information

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF NGCC AND COAL-FIRED STEAM POWER PLANTS WITH INTEGRATED CCS AND ORC SYSTEMS

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF NGCC AND COAL-FIRED STEAM POWER PLANTS WITH INTEGRATED CCS AND ORC SYSTEMS ASME ORC 2015 3rd International Seminar on ORC Power Systems 12-14 October 2015, Brussels, Belgium PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF NGCC AND COAL-FIRED STEAM POWER PLANTS WITH INTEGRATED CCS AND ORC SYSTEMS Vittorio

More information

1. What percent of a commercial business s energy usage comes from their HVAC system? A. 13% B. 23% C. 33% D. 43% E. 53%

1. What percent of a commercial business s energy usage comes from their HVAC system? A. 13% B. 23% C. 33% D. 43% E. 53% 1 1. What percent of a commercial business s energy usage comes from their HVAC system? A. 13% B. 23% C. 33% D. 43% E. 53% 2. How much money do commercial facilities spend per square foot on energy costs

More information

Rusty Walker, Corporate Trainer Hill PHOENIX

Rusty Walker, Corporate Trainer Hill PHOENIX Refrigeration 101 Rusty Walker, Corporate Trainer Hill PHOENIX Compressor Basic Refrigeration Cycle Evaporator Condenser / Receiver Expansion Device Vapor Compression Cycle Cooling by the removal of heat

More information

voestalpine Stahl, Linz, Austria Maximized Emission Reduction Of Sintering SIMETAL CIS MEROS plant Metals Technologies

voestalpine Stahl, Linz, Austria Maximized Emission Reduction Of Sintering SIMETAL CIS MEROS plant Metals Technologies voestalpine Stahl, Linz, Austria Maximized Emission Reduction Of Sintering SIMETAL CIS MEROS plant Metals Technologies 1 Meeting future environmental demands now! The challenge: Requirements placed on

More information

RepublicofSouthAfrica

RepublicofSouthAfrica RepublicofSouthAfrica EDICTOFGOVERNMENT± Inordertopromotepubliceducationandpublicsafety,equaljusticeforal, abeterinformedcitizenry,theruleoflaw,worldtradeandworldpeace, thislegaldocumentisherebymadeavailableonanoncommercialbasis,asit

More information

EFFICIENT ENERGY SUPPLY (ELECTRICITY AND DISTRICT HEAT) FOR THE CITY OF LINZ

EFFICIENT ENERGY SUPPLY (ELECTRICITY AND DISTRICT HEAT) FOR THE CITY OF LINZ Parallel session Producing more with less: Efficiency in Power Generation EFFICIENT ENERGY SUPPLY (ELECTRICITY AND DISTRICT HEAT) FOR THE CITY OF LINZ Johann Gimmelsberger Linz Strom GmbH EFFICIENT ENERGY

More information

Selecting a New Water Heater

Selecting a New Water Heater U ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY CLEARINGHOUSE Selecting a New Water Heater Many homeowners wait until their heater fails before shopping for a replacement. Because they are in a hurry to regain

More information

Evaluation Of Hybrid Air- Cooled Flash/Binary Power Cycle

Evaluation Of Hybrid Air- Cooled Flash/Binary Power Cycle INL/CON-05-00740 PREPRINT Evaluation Of Hybrid Air- Cooled Flash/Binary Power Cycle Geothermal Resources Council Annual Meeting Greg Mines October 2005 This is a preprint of a paper intended for publication

More information

AVAILABLE AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL, AND INSTITUTIONAL BOILERS

AVAILABLE AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL, AND INSTITUTIONAL BOILERS Office of Air and Radiation October 2010 AVAILABLE AND EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR REDUCING GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM INDUSTRIAL, COMMERCIAL, AND INSTITUTIONAL BOILERS Available and Emerging Technologies

More information

Concrete energy savings

Concrete energy savings Concrete energy savings Effective energy management in cement production Matthias Bolliger, Eduardo Gallestey The building boom in China is unprecedented, particularly in Beijing and Shanghai. With more

More information

London Pollution Study Group

London Pollution Study Group London Pollution Study Group Air Quality Impact Mitigation with Biomass Heating & CHP (Tri-generation) Gideon Richards Head of Heating & Cooling Renewable Energy Association 6 th. December. 2007 Content

More information

Preventive Maintenance. State Energy Assessment Workshop By: DTE Energy Partnership & Services

Preventive Maintenance. State Energy Assessment Workshop By: DTE Energy Partnership & Services Preventive Maintenance State Energy Assessment Workshop By: DTE Energy Partnership & Services Do you know? World wide research has shown that one of the reasons causing 80% of the accidents is deficient

More information

HVAC Checklist - Long Form

HVAC Checklist - Long Form HVAC Checklist - Long Form Page 1 of 14 Appendix B discusses HVAC system components in relation to indoor air quality. utside Air Intake Location pen during occupied hours? Unobstructed? Standing water,

More information

Data Realty Colocation Data Center Ignition Park, South Bend, IN. Owner: Data Realty Engineer: ESD Architect: BSA LifeStructures

Data Realty Colocation Data Center Ignition Park, South Bend, IN. Owner: Data Realty Engineer: ESD Architect: BSA LifeStructures Data Realty Colocation Data Center Ignition Park, South Bend, IN Owner: Data Realty Engineer: ESD Architect: BSA LifeStructures Project Overview Data Realty is a data center service provider for middle

More information

Art.S001-S002 SOLAR MODULE WITH DELIVERY AND RETURN CONNECTIONS

Art.S001-S002 SOLAR MODULE WITH DELIVERY AND RETURN CONNECTIONS Art.S001-S002 SOLAR MODULE WITH DELIVERY AND RETURN CONNECTIONS Technical Information sheet 0001/07/Rev01 ENG FUNCTION Series S001 and S002 circulation units are applied to the primary circuit of solar

More information

COOLING WATER MANAGEMENT

COOLING WATER MANAGEMENT COOLING WATER MANAGEMENT Intent To minimize the carbon-footprint, water usage and environmental impact of HVAC cooling systems and process cooling systems, generally by optimizing the control of water

More information

The Current State of Austrian Pellet Boiler Technology

The Current State of Austrian Pellet Boiler Technology he Current State of ustrian ellet Boiler echnology ngwald Obernberger Gerold hek S U S Y G R B BOMSS S H C O O M Y BOS BORGSYSM GmbH Sandgasse 47, -8010 Graz,, ustria.: +43 (316) 481300; FX: +43 (316)

More information