1 CHAPTER 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle SECTION 8.1 REVIEW QUESTIONS (page 275) 1. Year-end financial statements are superior to interim financial statements because all accounts are brought up to date, all late transactions are taken into account, all calculations have been made correctly, and all accounting principles and standards have been followed. 2. The aim of accounting principles and standards is to produce financial statements that are theoretically and mathematically accurate According to the International Financial Reporting Standards, a financial statement must be relevant, reliable, and comparable. Accrual accounting is the practice of recording revenues and expenses when they happen regardless of whether cash is received or paid. Dividing financial reporting into equal periods of time allows businesses to compare current financial statements to previous ones. An adjusting entry is a journal entry that assigns an amount of revenue or expense to the appropriate accounting period and brings a related balance sheet account to its true value Adjusting entries are necessary because they bring the accounts to their true value. This means the financial statements for that period will be accurate and up-to-date. Accounts are allowed to be inexact between statement dates because it too time consuming and expensive to keep the accounts exact all the time. From the income statement perspective, adjusting entries allow the correct expenses to be subtracted from revenue, which produces a correct net income. From the balance sheet perspective, the chief aim of adjusting entries is to accurately state assets, liabilities, and equity. Knowledge of the income statement and balance sheet perspectives is helpful when learning about adjusting entries because every adjusting entry will affect at least one income statement account and at least one balance sheet account. 12. To determine the balance of the Supplies account at the end of the fiscal period, take an inventory of the supplies that remain in the business and then calculate their dollar value A prepaid expense is an expense paid for in advance that will be used up in the future. The most common prepaid expense is insurance. Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 221
2 SECTION 8.1 REVIEW QUESTIONS (continued) 15. Prepaid expenses are listed under current assets on the balance sheet. 16. is debited when insurance is paid for in advance. 17. To determine the balance of at the end of the fiscal period, calculate the amount of insurance used during the fiscal period and subtract it from the total amount paid. This will give you the amount of prepaid insurance that has yet to be used A late-arriving purchase invoice is an invoice that arrived in the current fiscal period but belongs to the previous fiscal period. The matching principle states that expenses are to be recognized in the same fiscal period as the revenue that they helped to earn. During the two to three weeks after year-end, the accounting department examines all purchase invoices in order to find the ones that affect the fiscal period that just ended. These are the late-arriving purchase invoices. 21. Accounts Payable is credited when preparing the adjusting entry for late-arriving invoices. 22. Unearned Revenue is a liability account. This classification makes sense because a customer has a claim on the company s funds until the company provides the promised services that the customer bought. SECTION 8.1 EXERCISES (page 276) Exercise 1, p. 276 Supplies Unadjusted Balance Inventory Count 1. $ 3 $1 2. $1 4 $65 $ 425 $21 Supplies Expense $2 $75 3. $175 $25 4. $ 95 $ Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
4 SECTION 8.1 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 2, p. 277 (continued) B. GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE DATE PARTICULARS P.R. DEBIT CREDIT 23 Dec. Supplies Expense 3 6 Supplies 3 6 To adjust for the inventory count of $145 Insurance Expense To adjust for six months of expired insurance Advertising Expense 1 Accounts Payable 1 To record a 23 invoice that arrived in 24 Fees Earned 14 Unearned Revenue 14 To adjust for the cash advances received C. Adjustment Omission Assets Liabilities Net Income 1. Supplies overstated correctly stated overstated 2. Insurance overstated correctly stated overstated 3. Late Invoices correctly stated understated overstated 4. Unearned Revenue correctly stated understated overstated 224 Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
5 SECTION 8.1 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 3, p. 277 Inventory Item Quantity Unit Price Value Rubber bands 3 boxes $ 1.5 per box $ 4 5 Envelopes #8 1 boxes 32. per box 32 Envelopes #1 4 1/2 boxes 36. per box 162 Envelopes, manila 2 boxes 28. per box 56 Printer cartridges 2 boxes.2 per box 62 4 Letterhead 1M sheets 22.5 per M 225 Copy paper 4M sheets 1. per M 4 File folders 2 boxes 6. per box 12 Paper clips 12 boxes 1.5 per box 18 Staples 15 boxes 4.1 per box 61 5 Pencils, regular 4 dozen 5.5 per dozen 22 Pencils, red 2 dozen 6.1 per dozen Total 12 2 $995 6 Supplies Supplies Expense Exercise 4, p. 278 A. $ = $378 The prepaid insurance is $378 as of December, 21. B. Year Insurance Expense (Dec. ) Total $ = $27 $ = $378 $648 $ = $378 $378 Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 225
6 SECTION 8.1 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 5, p. 278 A. a. b. c. d. e. f. Total number of months of insurance used as of the designated year-end Total number of months of insurance unused as of the designated year-end Value of the prepaid insurance at the designated year-end 3 9 $ = $ $ = $ $ = $ $ = $ $ = $ $ = $27 B. GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE DATE PARTICULARS P.R. DEBIT CREDIT a. 24 Dec. Insurance Expense 9 9 ( ) b. 25 Dec. Insurance Expense ( ) c. 24 Oct. Insurance Expense ( ) d. 21 Dec. Insurance Expense 6 6 ( ) 226 Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
7 SECTION 8.1 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 5, p. 278 (continued) B. GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE DATE PARTICULARS P.R. DEBIT CREDIT e. 26 Jun. 3 Insurance Expense (9 1 12) f. 25 Dec. Insurance Expense ( ) Exercise 6, p. 278 A. Prepaid Licenses Bank Jan. 1, Jan. 1, B. C. D. $ = $18 The prepaid license was $18 as of September 3, 21. $ = $54 The truck license expense was $54 as of September 3, 21. Prepaid Licenses Truck License Expense 72 Sep. 3, Sep. 3, Sep. 3, Sep. 3, Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 227
8 SECTION 8.1 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 6, p. 278 (continued) E. Prepaid Licenses Bank 18 Jan. 1, Jan. 1, Jan. 1, 22 9 F. $ = $18 The prepaid license was $18 as of September 3, 22. G. Truck License Prepaid Licenses Expense 9 Sep. 3, Sep. 3, Sep. 3, Sep. 3, SECTION 8.2 REVIEW QUESTIONS (page 288) Note: After the first printing of the student textbook, question 2 was deleted and the questions renumbered. If working with the first printing, answer questions 1, 3, 4, and 5 only. All other printings will list the four correct questions only. 1. Adjusting entries are first recorded in the worksheet. 2. The process of extending the worksheet involves assigning each line on the worksheet to one of the last four columns. Evaluate each item in the first four columns. Add or subtract the adjustments to arrive at a single figure. Then transfer this figure to the appropriate Income Statement or the Balance Sheet column. 3. Adjusting entries must be journalized and posted to update the ledger accounts. 4. The last day of the fiscal period is the date used for journalizing the adjusting entries. 228 Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
9 SECTION 8.2 EXERCISES (page 288) Exercise 1, p. 288 A. P. Tang and Company Worksheet Year Ended Dec., 24 TRIAL BALANCE ACCOUNTS ADJUSTMENTS INCOME STATEMENT BALANCE SHEET Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Equipment Automobile Accounts Payable Bank Loan HST Payable HST Recoverable P. Tang, Capital P. Tang, Drawings Fees Earned Car Expense General Expense Miscellaneous Expense Rent Expense Wages Expense Supplies Expense Insurance Expense Net Income Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 229
10 SECTION 8.2 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 1, p. 288 (continued) B. P. TANG AND COMPANY INCOME STATEMENT YEAR ENDED DECEMBER, 24 REVENUE Fees Earned $ OPERATING EXPENSES Car Expense General Expense Insurance Expense Miscellaneous Expense Rent Expense Supplies Expense Wages Expense Total Expenses NET INCOME $ $ Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
11 SECTION 8.2 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 1, p. 288 (continued) B. (continued) ASSETS Current Assets Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Total Current Assets Long-Term Assets Equipment Automobile Total Long-Term Assets Total Assets P. TANG AND COMPANY BALANCE SHEET DECEMBER, 24 $ $22 21 $ $ LIABILITIES Accounts Payable Bank Loan HST Payable Less: HST Recoverable HST Owed Total Liabilities $ $ $ OWNER S EQUITY P. Tang, Capital Balance January 1 Net Income Less: Drawings Increase in Capital Balance December Total Liabilities and Equity $ (15 ) $ $ Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 2
12 SECTION 8.2 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 2, p. 289 A. Mission Marketing Worksheet Year Ended Dec., 23 TRIAL BALANCE ACCOUNTS ADJUSTMENTS INCOME STATEMENT BALANCE SHEET Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Equipment Automobile Accounts Payable HST Payable HST Recoverable C. Ans, Capital C. Ans, Drawings Fees Earned Car Expense Miscellaneous Expense Rent Expense Utilities Expense Wages Expense Supplies Expense Insurance Expense Unearned Revenue Net Loss Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
13 SECTION 8.2 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 2, p. 289 (continued) B. MISSION MARKETING INCOME STATEMENT YEAR ENDED DECEMBER, 23 REVENUE Fees Earned $133 7 OPERATING EXPENSES Car Expense Miscellaneous Expense Insurance Expense Rent Expense Utilities Expense Supplies Expense Wages Expense Total Expenses NET LOSS $ $ (1 5 5 ) Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 233
14 SECTION 8.2 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 2, p. 289 (continued) B. (continued) MISSION MARKETING BALANCE SHEET DECEMBER, 23 ASSETS Current Assets Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Total Current Assets Long-Term Assets $ $ Equipment Automobile Total Long-Term Assets Total Assets $ $ LIABILITIES Accounts Payable Unearned Revenue HST Payable Less: HST Recoverable HST Owed Total Liabilities $ $ $ OWNER S EQUITY C. Ans, Capital Balance January 1 Net Loss Less: Drawings Decrease in Capital Balance December Total Liabilities and Equity $ (1 5 5 (2 ) ) $ ( ) $ Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
15 SECTION 8.2 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 2, p. 289 (continued) C. Although you have a large capital account balance, there are several problems this year that resulted in a net loss. One issue is the large expenses you had for the automobile, wages, and rent. Wages are especially high compared to your fees earned. You should try to reduce these expenses in the future in order to make your company profitable. SECTION 8.3 REVIEW QUESTIONS (page 297) 1. Adjusting entries must be journalized and posted before completing the closing procedures because these steps ensure that ledger account balances match the amounts that appear on the year-end financial statements. 2. A real account is an account whose balance continues into the next fiscal period. 3. Another name for a real account is a permanent account. 4. A nominal account is an account whose balance relates to only one fiscal period. The account balance does not continue into the next fiscal period. 5. Nominal accounts are also known as temporary accounts. 6. All accounts in the equity section of the ledger, except Capital, are nominal accounts. 7. Closing an account means to make the account have a nil balance. 8. For Global Logistics, the accounting software reset the income statement accounts to zero, reset the drawings account to zero, and updated the capital account balance by adding net income and subtracting drawings. 9. All the information for the closing journal entries can be found on the worksheet. 1. The first closing journal entry brings the revenue account(s) to zero. 11. The Income Summary account is a temporary equity account that accountants use to record debit and credit amounts during the closing process. 12. The information for the second closing entry is obtained from the Income Statement debits column of the worksheet. Each expense amount listed in this column becomes a credit in the second closing entry. The subtotal in the Income Statement debits column is used as the total that is debited to the Income Summary account. 13. Income Summary is a good name for the ledger account used in closing because it subtracts Total Expenses from Total Revenue to produce Net Income. 14. Right before it is closed out, the balance in the Income Summary account represents the net income or net loss. 15. The purpose of the post-closing trial balance is to make sure the ledger is still in balance after all the adjusting and closing entries have been made. Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 235
16 SECTION 8.3 REVIEW QUESTIONS (continued) 16. Four ways computers have modified the accounting cycle are as follows. Steps 2 to 4 in the accounting cycle occur virtually at the same time with a computer. Interim financial statements with unadjusted balances can be printed at any time. The worksheet is used less frequently. Although the outcomes of the closing procedures are needed in a computerized accounting system, actual closing journal entries are for the most part unnecessary. SECTION 8.3 EXERCISES (page 298) Exercise 1, p. 298 The nominal accounts are: Advertising Expense; Bank Charges Expense; Car Expense; Delivery Expense; Sylvia Magill, Drawings; Insurance Expense; Legal Expense; Postage Expense; Rent Expense; Revenue from Commissions; Salaries Expense; Sales; Supplies Expense; Telephone Expense; Wages Expense Exercise 2, p. 298 A. Accounting is cyclical in nature. B. The time-period concept states that financial reporting is done in equal periods of time. C. Assets and liability accounts are considered to be real accounts. D. Real accounts have their balances continue on into the succeeding fiscal period. E. Revenue expense, and drawing accounts are considered to be nominal accounts. F. The balances in nominal accounts do not continue into the next fiscal period. G. Another name for nominal account is a temporary equity account. H. Nominal accounts begin each fiscal period with. a nil balance I. The process of removing the old balances from the nominal accounts is known as closing the accounts. J. Closing an account means to cause it to have no balance. K. During a fiscal period, the Capital account shows the balance at the beginning of the period. L. Changes in equity during a fiscal period (except for additional investments by the owner) are contained in revenue, expense, and drawings accounts. M. At the end of the fiscal period, the ledger is brought up to date by journalizing and posting the adjustment entries. N. One of the final steps in the accounting cycle is to bring the Capital account up to date and to close out the nominal accounts. O. The final step in the accounting cycle is the post-closing trial balance. 236 Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
17 SECTION 8.3 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 3, p. 299 Indicate whether each of the following statements is true or false by entering a T or an F in the space provided. Explain the reason for each F response in the space provided. A. Journalizing and posting the adjusting and closing entries is a routine task that can be done by any knowledgeable accounting clerk. B. All of the data required to journalize the adjusting and closing entries can be found on the worksheet. C. It can be assumed that all adjustments have been thought of once the worksheet is completed. D. The adjusting entries must be journalized and posted to bring the ledger into agreement with the figures on the financial statements. E. An explanation is needed for each individual adjusting entry being journalized. F. The adjusting and closing entries in the journal are dated as of the end of the fiscal period. G. The closing entries can be processed only by using the four-step method. H. The figures for the first closing entry are taken from the income statement section, debit column, of the work sheet. I. Since revenue accounts have debit balances, credit entries are needed to close them out. J. The second closing entry transfers the balances in the expense accounts to the Income Summary account. K. When the adjusting entries and the first two closing entries are journalized and posted, all but three of the accounts in the equity section of the ledger will have nil balances. L. A loss has occurred if the Income Summary account as a credit balance before it is closed out. M. The first two entries in the Income Summary account are the same as the subtotals of the income statement section of the worksheet. N. The Income Summary account is not closed out if a loss occurs. F T T T F T F F F T T F T F Explanation for F Responses A. Adjusting and closing entries are the responsibility of senior staff. E. For the adjusting entries, only a heading is needed. G. The four-step method is a common method but there are others. H. The first closing entry figure comes from the credit column of the Income Statement section of the worksheet. I. Revenue accounts have credit balances and need debit entries to close them out. L. A loss has occurred if the Income Summary account has a debit balance before it is closed out. N. If a loss occurs, the Income Summary account is still closed out. Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 237
18 SECTION 8.3 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 4, p. 3 GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE DATE PARTICULARS P.R. DEBIT CREDIT 23 Dec. Adjusting Entries Supplies Expense Supplies Insurance Expense Bond Interest Receivable 2 5 Interest Earned 2 5 Closing Entries Dec. Fees Earned Interest Earned Income Summary Income Summary Bank Charges Expense Miscellaneous Expense Rent Expense Telephone Expense Utilities Expense Wages and Salaries Expense Supplies Expense Insurance Expense Income Summary E. Santala, Capital E. Santala, Capital E. Santala, Drawings Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
19 SECTION 8.3 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 5, p. 3 A. There are two adjustments to the Supplies account because the first is due to a late invoice (the debit) and the second is needed to record the adjustment for the supplies inventory (the credit). B. GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE DATE PARTICULARS P.R. DEBIT CREDIT 26 Dec. Adjusting Entries Supplies Accounts Payable 8 8 Supplies Expense Supplies Insurance Expense Closing Entries Revenue Income Summary Income Summary Advertising Expense Bank Charges Expense Miscellaneous Expense Rent Expense Supplies Expense Utilities Expense Wages Expense Insurance Expense Income Summary R. Tompko, Capital R. Tompko, Capital R. Tompko, Drawings Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 239
20 SECTION 8.3 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 5, p. 3 (continued) C. GENERAL LEDGER Bank Supplies Equipment Accounts Payable HST Payable HST Recoverable R. Tompko, Capital R. Tompko, Drawings Revenue Advertising Expense Bank Charges Expense Supplies Expense Miscellaneous Expense Rent Expense Utilities Expense Wages Expense Insurance Expense Income Summary Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
21 SECTION 8.3 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 5, p. 3 (continued) D. GOLDEN TRESSES HAIR STYLISTS POST-CLOSING TRIAL BALANCE DECEMBER, 2 Bank Supplies Equipment Accounts Payable HST Payable HST Recoverable R. Tompko, Capital SECTION 8.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS (page 1) 1. A long-term asset is an asset the company plans to keep and use to generate income for many years 2. Some accountants avoid using the term fixed assets because it implies the assets do not change, which gives the wrong impression. 3. Long-term assets are also called long-lived assets, capital equipment, plant and equipment, and property, plant, and equipment. 4. Depreciation is a means of allocating the cost of a long-term asset over its useful, productive life. 5. A precise calculation of depreciation cannot be made until the end of the asset s useful life because that is when you can determine the salvage value of the asset and how long it lasted. 6. The simplest depreciation method is the straight-line method of depreciation. 7. The formula for calculating straight-line depreciation is: straight-line depreciation for one year = (original cost of asset estimated salvage value) estimated number of periods in the life of the asset. 8. The advantage of using an accumulated depreciation account is that it shows the relative age of the asset, how much the asset has depreciated, and the original cost of the asset. Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 241
22 SECTION 8.4 REVIEW QUESTIONS (continued) 9. This is the adjusting entry for depreciation. Depreciation Expense $$$$ Accumulated Depreciation (Asset name) $$$$ 1. The Canada Revenue Agency requires the declining-balance method of depreciation be used for income tax purposes. 11. The declining-balance method of depreciation is calculated by multiplying the undepreciated cost of the asset by a fixed percentage, which is set by the government Taxation is a challenging area of study because the rules of taxation are often complex and they change frequently. Under Canada Revenue Agency rules, one half of the cost of an asset can be used for calculating the first year s depreciation. The CRA assumes that the asset was owned for an entire year even if it was purchased mid-year. The half-year rule simplifies an accountant s work because any asset s initial depreciation amount is based on a standard 5% of its cost rather than the number of months it was owned in the first year. The half-year rule might give a business incentive to purchase long-term assets near the end of the year because they can claim an entire six months of depreciation on the asset even it was owned for only a few weeks. SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (page 1) Exercise 1, p. 1 A $3 $3 $3 $3 $3 B. C $2 $1 2 $1 2 $1 2 $ $2 16 $3 24 $3 24 $ Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
23 SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 1, p. 1 (continued) D $1 8 $8 64 $6 912 $ $ E. F $33 84 $ $ $ $ $16 92 $ $ $ $ Exercise 2, p. 2 A. B. Year Year Straight-line Depreciation Depreciation ($) Balance ($) Declining-balance Depreciation Depreciation ($) Balance ($) Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 243
24 SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 2, p. 2 (continued) C. Straight-line method Depreciation Expense Accum. Depreciation Equipment Declining-balance method Depreciation Expense Accum. Depreciation Equipment In year three, the amount of straight-line depreciation is greater. Therefore, the net income will be lower, as will be the amount owed for income tax. Therefore, in year three, the straight-line method will save the company the most money. Exercise 3, p. 2 A. Revenues Expenses DepreciationVan Other Expenses Total Expenses Net Income Net Income (from p. 32) $57 56 $65 25 $ $65 27 $59 23 $22 5 $ $59 25 $ $ $42 57 $45 32 $(1 69) $ $28 4 $22 7 $13 91 $16 $ $23 9 $18 2 $ Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
25 SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 3, p. 2 (continued) B. $3 Net Income Comparison $25 $2 $15 $1 $ 5 $(5 ) Straight-Line One-Year Expense C. The year 21 misrepresents net income the most dramatically. In fact, applying the entire cost of the van in 21 produces a net loss. The net incomes for the other years are all overstated by $45. The least amount of tax would be paid in 21 (zero). Exercise 4, p. 3 A. GENERAL LEDGER Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Land Buildings Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 245
26 SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 4, p. 3 (continued) A. (continued) Accum. Depr. Buildings Equipment Accum. Depr. Equipment Accounts Payable J. Salk, Capital J. Salk, Drawings Revenue Bank Charges Expense Delivery Expense Miscellaneous Expense Telephone Expense Utilities Expense Wages Expense Supplies Expense Insurance Expense Depreciation Expense Buildings Depreciation Expense Equipment Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
27 SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 4, p. 3 (continued) B. SHAHID COMPANY ADJUSTED TRIAL BALANCE DATE Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Land Buildings Accum. Deprec. Buildings Equipment Accum. Deprec. Equipment Accounts Payable J. Salk, Capital J. Salk, Drawings Revenue Bank Charges Expense Delivery Expense Miscellaneous Expense Telephone Expense Utilities Expense Wages Expense Supplies Expense Insurance Expense Deprec. Expense Buildings Deprec. Expense Equipment Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 247
28 SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 5, p. 4 Viera Associates Worksheet Year Ended December, 2 TRIAL BALANCE ACCOUNTS ADJUSTMENTS INCOME STATEMENT BALANCE SHEET Bank Accounts Receivable Supplies Equipment Accum. Deprec. Equip. Automobiles Accum. Deprec. Auto. Accounts Payable HST Payable HST Recoverable C. Viera, Capital C. Viera, Drawings Consulting Fees Automobile Expense General Expense Rent Expense Telephone Expense Wages Expense Supplies Expense Insurance Expense Deprec. Equipment Deprec. Automobiles Net Income Accounting 1 Teacher s Key Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc.
29 SECTION 8.4 EXERCISES (continued) Exercise 6, p. 4 A., B. GENERAL JOURNAL PAGE DATE PARTICULARS P.R. DEBIT CREDIT True declining-balance method Year 1 Depreciation Expense Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Equipment Year 2 Depreciation Expense Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Equipment % rule Year 1 Depreciation Expense Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Equipment 6 6 Year 2 Depreciation Expense Equipment Accumulated Depreciation Equipment SECTION 8.5 REVIEW QUESTIONS (page 32) 1. The structure of the IF function is prefix FUNCTION NAME (Condition, True Response, False Response) or =IF (Condition, True Response, False Response) In a spreadsheet function, the data inside the brackets are called arguments. The commas in the IF function separate the arguments. The false response in an IF function will automatically show a predetermined result in the spreadsheet if a condition is not met. 5. In an IF function, labels for true and false responses are entered inside quotation marks. 6. If you want the true response of an IF function to be a blank cell, you must enter two quotation marks with nothing inside them: "". Copyright 213 Pearson Canada Inc. Chapter 8 Completing the Accounting Cycle 249
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C H A P T E R Completing the Accounting Cycle AP Photo/Gregory Bull E L E C T R O N I C A R T S I N C. Most of us have had to file a personal tax return. At the beginning of the year, you estimate your
Bennett S. LeBow College of Business Financial Accounting Professor Jane Kaplan Professor Notes Chapter 3 Adjusting the Accounts Measuring Revenues and Expenses o Accrual accounting is a form of accounting
Closing the Books At the end of a fiscal year once all the transactions for the entity have been recorded, the revenue and expense accounts must be closed out to a zero balance. These accounts have been
Adjusting and Closing Entries Adjusting and Closing entries tend to be difficult to grasp at first. A reason for this might be due to the type of transactions requiring adjustment, which tend to be unfamiliar.
CHABOT COLLEGE General Accounting (BUS-7) Dmitriy Kalyagin PART A: TRUE/FALSE (1 point each): EXAM #4 (Chapters 10, 12, 13) 1. Employees who are exempt from the FLSA are entitled for overtime pay for hours
SOLUTIONS TO BRIEF EXERCISES BRIEF EXERCISE 4-1 1. Prepare a trial balance on the work sheet 2. Enter adjustment data 3. Enter adjusted balances 4. Enter adjusted balances in appropriate statement columns
ANSWERS TO SAMPLE TEST #4 PART A: 1 F 21 C 41 B 2 T 22 D 42 A 3 T 23 D 43 A 4 F 24 A 44 C 5 T 25 B 45 B 6 F 26 A 46 D 7 F 27 C 47 C 8 T 28 B 48 A 9 T 29 B 49 C 10 F 30 C 50 A 11 T 31 A 12 F 32 D 13 F 33
5 The Accounting Cycle Completed T HE B IG P ICTURE Accountants have come a long way from the old stereotype of bean counter a pale figure with a green eyeshade who tends cloth-bound ledgers and journals
4 COMPLETING THE ACCOUNTING CYCLE objectives After studying this chapter, you should be able to: Review the seven basic steps of the accounting cycle. Prepare a work sheet. Prepare financial statements
1. a. Under cash-basis accounting, revenues are reported in the period in which cash is received and expenses are reported in the period in which cash is paid. b. Under accrual-basis accounting, revenues
CHAPTER FOUR SE4-2 Revenue recognition a. Recognize revenue from car sales for 12,000. Notes receivable $12,000 Sales revenue $12,000 b. Do not recognize revenue until steel is shipped. c. Do not recognize
CENTURY 21 ACCOUNTING, 8e General Journal Key Terms and Definitions Chapter 1 Starting A Proprietorship: Changes that Affect the Accounting Equation account: a record summarizing all the information pertaining
TRANSACTIONS ANALYSIS EXAMPLE Maxwell Partners Medical Diagnostic Services report the following information for 2011, their first year of operations: 1. Billings to clients for services provided: $350,000
5 Accruals and prepayments this chapter covers... In the last chapter we have looked at the preparation of financial statements or final accounts using the extended trial balance, or spreadsheet, approach.
15_1312MH_CH09 27/1/05 8:38 am Page 87 PREPARING part 3 FINAL ACCOUNTS 9 The final accounts of sole traders 10 Accounting principles, concepts and policies 11 Depreciation and fixed assets 12 Bad debts
Chapter 3 Accrual accounting concepts PowerPoint presentation by Anne Abraham University of Wollongong 2009 John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd ACCRUAL VERSUS CASH BASIS OF ACCOUNTING Accrual-based accounting
HOSP 1210 (Financial Acct) Learning Centre Completing the Accounting Cycle At the end of the accounting cycle, the final steps are to journalize and post closing entries and to prepare a post-closing trial
CHAPTER 5 Accounting for Merchandising Operations ASSIGNMENT CLASSIFICATION TABLE Study Objectives Questions Brief Exercises Exercises A Problems B Problems *1. Identify the differences between service
Problem Solutions: Topics 1 and 2 ACCT 60601 Evaluating Financial Performance Fall 2015 Note: All problems are organized by Topic. Each problem is numbered with the topic number first followed by a dash
Business Start Up Basics III Intro to Accounting Presented by: Suzie Dills SBDC Business Consultant Agenda Key Objectives of the Course Brief History & Definition of Accounting General Ledger Double Entry
Accounting 1 Semester 1 Final Exam Review Practice True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. 1. Accounting is the language of business. 2. The relationship among assets, liabilities,
CHAPTER 3 Solutions MEASURING BUSINESS INCOME Chapter 3, SE 1. 1. 2. 3. 4. c b d a Chapter 3, SE 2. Dec. 31 Insurance Expense 800 Prepaid Insurance To record insurance expired during the year $460 + $1,040
CHAPTER 18 Adjustments and the Ten-Column Work Sheet BEFORE YOU READ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. What You ll Learn Describe the parts of a ten-column work sheet. Generate trial balances and end-of-period adjustments.
Chapter 1~3 Important formulas Assets=Liabilities + Owner s Equity An expansion: Owner s Equity= Owner s Capital (Investments) Drawings + Profit OR Loss [Note: Owner s capital includes investments by the
Century 21 Accounting, 8e General Journal Chapter Outlines PART 1 Chapter 1 ACCOUNTING FOR A SERVICE BUSINESS ORGANIZED AS A PROPRIETORSHIP Starting A Proprietorship: Changes that Affect the Accounting
CHAPTER 4 Completing the Accounting Cycle Making a Statement INCOME STATEMENT Revenues Expenses = Net Income STATEMENT OF OWNER S EQUITY Beginning Balance + Net Income Withdrawals = Ending Balance BALANCE
Chapter 4 Adjustments, Financial Statements, and the Quality of Financial Reporting Adjustments: How, When and Why? Preparing the Adjusted Trial Balance Preparing Adjusted Financial Statements The Closing
CHAPTER 1 PART 1. BASIC CONCEPTS AND ACCOUNTING MODEL OBJECTIVES The objectives of this part are: To introduce a definition of accounting, the need for accounting information, and the various accounting