# AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE Pressure Altitude And Density Altitude

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1 Performance- Page 67 AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE Pressure Altitude And Density Altitude Pressure altitude is indicated altitude corrected for nonstandard pressure. It is determined by setting in the altimeter setting window and reading the indicated altitude it is used in most performance charts and computer solutions for density altitude. Pressure altitude is equal to true altitude (actual height above sea level) when standard conditions exist. Density altitude is pressure altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature. It is greater (higher) than pressure altitude when the temperature is greater than standard. It is used to determine aircraft performance. If the density altitude is computed to be 5,000 feet, your airplane will perform as if it were at 5,000 MSL on a standard day (29.92 altimeter setting and standard temperature) H312 What is density altitude? A) The height above the standard datum plane. B) The pressure altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature. C) The altitude read directly from the altimeter H312 What is pressure altitude? A) The indicated altitude corrected for position and installation error. B) The altitude indicated when the barometric pressure scale is set to C) The indicated altitude corrected for nonstandard temperature and pressure H931 Under what condition is indicated altitude the same as true altitude? A) If the altimeter has no mechanical error. B) When at sea level under standard conditions. C) When at 18,000 feet MSL with the altimeter set at H942 If the outside air temperature (OAT) at a given altitude is warmer than standard, the density altitude is A) equal to pressure altitude. B) lower than pressure altitude. C) higher than pressure altitude H945 What effect does high density altitude have on aircraft performance? A) It increases engine performance. B) It reduces climb performance. C) It increases takeoff performance.

2 Performance- Page H946 (Refer to figure 8.) What is the effect of a temperature increase from 25 to 50 F on the density altitude if the pressure altitude remains at 5,000 feet? A) 1,200-foot increase. B) 1,400-foot increase. C) 1,650-foot increase H945 (Refer to figure 8.) Determine the pressure altitude with an indicated altitude of 1,380 feet MSL with an altimeter setting of at standard temperature. A) 2,913 feet MSL. B) 2,991 feet MSL. C) 3,010 feet MSL H946 (Refer to figure 8.) Determine the density altitude for these conditions: Altimeter setting Runway temperature +81 F Airport elevation 5,250 ft MSL A) 4,600 feet MSL. B) 5,877 feet MSL. C) 8,500 feet MSL H945 (Refer to figure 8.) Determine the pressure altitude at an airport that is 3,563 feet MSL with an altimeter setting of A) 3,527 feet MSL. B) 3,556 feet MSL. C) 3,639 feet MSL H946 (Refer to figure 8.) What is the effect of a temperature increase from 30 to 50 F on the density altitude if the pressure altitude remains at 3,000 feet MSL? A) 900-foot increase. B) 1,100-foot decrease. C) 1,300-foot increase H945 (Refer to figure 8.) Determine the pressure altitude at an airport that is 1,386 feet MSL with an altimeter setting of A) 1,341 feet MSL. B) 1,451 feet MSL. C) 1,562 feet MSL (Refer to figure 8.) Determine the density altitude for these conditions: Altimeter setting Runway temperature +25 F Airport elevation 3,894 ft MSL A) 2,000 feet MSL. B) 2,900 feet MSL. C) 3,500 feet MSL H945 (Refer to figure 8.) What is the effect of a temperature decrease and a pressure altitude increase on the density altitude from 90 F and 1,250 feet pressure altitude to 55 F and 1,750 feet pressure altitude? A) 1,300-foot decrease. B) 1,700-foot decrease. C) 1,700-foot increase H945 What effect, if any, does high humidity have on aircraft performance? A) It increases performance. B) It decreases performance. C) It has no effect on performance I22 Under which condition will pressure altitude be equal to true altitude? A) When the atmospheric pressure is inches Hg. B) When standard atmospheric conditions exist. C) When indicated altitude is equal to the pressure altitude I22 Under what condition is pressure altitude and density altitude the same value? A) At sea level, when the temperature is 0 F. B) When the altimeter has no installation error. C) At standard temperature I22 Which factor would tend to increase the density altitude at a given airport? A) An increase in barometric pressure. B) An increase in ambient temperature. C) A decrease in relative humidity H948 (Refer to figure 36.) Approximately what true airspeed should a pilot expect with 65 percent maximum continuous power at 9,500 feet with a temperature of 36 F below standard? A) 178 MPH. B) 181 MPH. C) 183 MPH.

3 4 Performance- Page H945 (Refer to figure 36.) What is the expected fuel consumption for a 1,000-nautical mile flight under the following conditions? Pressure altitude 8,000 ft Temperature 22 C Manifold pressure 20.8 inches Hg Wind Calm A) 60.2 gallons. B) 70.1 gallons. C) 73.2 gallons (Refer to figure 36.) What is the expected fuel consumption for a 500-nautical mile flight under the following conditions? Pressure altitude 4,000 ft Temperature +29 C Manifold pressure 21.3 Hg Wind Calm A) 31.4 gallons. B) 36.1 gallons. C) 40.1 gallons H948 (Refer to figure 36.) What fuel flow should a pilot expect at 11,000 feet on a standard day with 65 percent maximum continuous power? A) 10.6 gallons per hour. B) 11.2 gallons per hour. C) 11.8 gallons per hour H948 (Refer to figure 36.) Determine the approximate manifold pressure setting with 2,450 RPM to achieve 65 percent maximum continuous power at 6,500 feet with a temperature of 36 F higher than standard. A) 19.8 inches Hg. B) 20.8 inches Hg. C) 21.0 inches Hg H946 (Refer to figure 37.) What is the headwind component for a landing on Runway 18 if the tower reports the wind as 220 at 30 knots? A) 19 knots. B) 23 knots. C) 26 knots H946 (Refer to figure 37.) Determine the maximum wind velocity for a 45 crosswind if the maximum crosswind component for the airplane is 25 knots. A) 25 knots. B) 29 knots. C) 35 knots H946 (Refer to figure 37.) What is the maximum wind velocity for a 30 crosswind if the maximum crosswind component for the airplane is 12 knots? A) 16 knots. B) 20 knots. C) 24 knots H946 (Refer to figure 37.) With a reported wind of north at 20 knots, which runway (6, 29, or 32) is acceptable for use for an airplane with a 13 knot maximum crosswind component? A) Runway 6. B) Runway 29. C) Runway 32.

4 Performance- Page 70

5 Performance- Page H946 (Refer to figure 37.) With a reported wind of south at 20 knots, which runway (10, 14, or 24) is appropriate for an airplane with a 13-knot maximum crosswind component? A) Runway 10. B) Runway 14. C) Runway H946 (Refer to figure 37.) What is the crosswind component for a landing on Runway 18 if the tower reports the wind as 220 at 30 knots A) 19 knots. B) 23 knots. C) 30 knots H946 (Refer to figure 38.) Determine the total distance required to land. OAT 32 F Pressure altitude 8,000 ft Weight 2,600 lb Headwind component 20 kts Obstacle 50 ft A) 850 feet. B) 1,400 feet. C) 1,750 feet (Refer to figure 38.) Determine the distance required to land. OAT Std. Pressure altitude 2,000 ft. Weight 2,300 lbs. Wind component Calm. Obstacle 25ft. A) 1,150 feet. B) 1,450 feet. C) 850 feet (Refer to figure 38.) Determine the total distance required to land. OAT 90 F Pressure altitude 3,000 ft. Weight 2,900 lbs. Headwind component 10 kts. Obstacle 50 ft. A) 1,450 feet. B) 1,550 feet. C) 1,725 feet H920 (Refer to figure 38.) Determine the approximate total distance required to land over a 50-foot obstacle. OAT 90 F Pressure altitude 4,000 ft. Weight 2,800 lbs. Headwind component 10 kts. A) 1,525 feet. B) 1,950 feet. C) 1,775 feet (Refer to figure 39.) Determine the approximate landing ground roll distance. Pressure altitude Sea level Headwind 4 kts. Temperature Std. A) 356 feet. B) 401 feet. C) 490 feet (Refer to figure 39.) Determine the total distance required to land over a 50-foot obstacle. Pressure altitude ft. Headwind 8 kts. Temperature 32 F Runway Hard surface A) 1,205 feet. B) 1,004 feet. C) 1,506 feet (Refer to figure 39.) Determine the total distance required to land over a 50-foot obstacle. Pressure altitude 5,000 ft. Headwind 8 kts. Temperature 41 F Runway Hard surface A) 837 feet. B) 956 feet C) 1,076 feet (Refer to figure 39.) Determine the approximate landing ground roll distance. Pressure altitude 5,000 ft. Headwind Calm. Temperature 101 F A) 445 feet. B) 495 feet. C) 545 feet.

6 Performance- Page H317 (Refer to figure 39.) Determine the total distance required to land over a 50-foot obstacle. Pressure altitude 3,750 ft Headwind 12 kts Temperature Std A) 794 feet. B) 816 feet. C) 836 feet (Refer to figure 39.) Determine the approximate landing ground roll distance. Pressure altitude 1,250 ft Headwind 8 kts Temperature Std A) 275 feet. B) 366 feet. C) 470 feet H946 (Refer to figure 41.) Determine the total distance required for takeoff to clear a 50-foot obstacle. OAT Std Pressure altitude 4,000 ft Takeoff weight 2,800 lb Headwind component Calm A) 1,500 feet. B) 1,750 feet. C) 2,000 feet (Refer to figure 41.) Determine the total distance required for takeoff to clear a 50-foot obstacle. OAT Std Pressure altitude Sea level Takeoff weight 2,700 lb Headwind component Calm A) 1,000 feet. B) 1,400 feet. C) 1,700 feet (Refer to figure 41.) Determine the approximate ground roll distance required for takeoff. OAT 100 Pressure altitude 2,000 ft Takeoff weight 2,750 lb Headwind component Calm A) 1,150 feet. B) 1,300 feet. C) 1,800 feet (Refer to figure 41.) Determine the approximate ground roll distance required for takeoff. OAT 90 F Pressure altitude 2,000 ft Takeoff weight 2,500 lb Headwind component 20 kts A) 650 feet. B) 850 feet. C) 1,000 feet.

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