Solar Thermal Power Plants SOLAIR TECHNOLOGY

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1 Solar Thermal Power Plants SOLAIR TECHNOLOGY Clean Electricity from Solar Energy and Atmospheric Air Dr. Manuel Romero CIEMAT Plataforma Solar de Almería 1

2 SOLAIR EUROPEAN CONSORTIUM HelioTech Denmark (1) Germany (1) Spain (3) Greece (1) CERTH A combination of solar R&D, solar engineering, ceramics and materials science 2

3 What is solar thermal power all about? SOLAR RADIATION MIRRORS RECEIVER HEAT STORAGE HOT POINT TURBINE COLD POINT 3

4 What is solar thermal power all about? Best solar integration into conventional thermal power plants. Thermal storage means dispatchability without perturbations of the grid. 4

5 Potential of Solar Thermal Power Plants - A huge reservoir in the sunbelt - With Solar Thermal Power Plants, each square meter of mirror produces... up to 500kWh of electricity per year, avoiding tons of carbon dioxide emissions and saving tons of fossil fuel over its 25 year lifetime. How relevant are those figures? 5

6 Potential of Solar Thermal Power Plants - A huge reservoir in the sunbelt - Strong potential for the Mediterranean Less than 1% of arid and semi-arid areas are enough to supply the annual World demand of electricity!! 6

7 Fresh air (20ºC) The SOLAIR scheme Solar + Air = Electricity Solar Receiver R&D needed Hot Air 680ºC Steam Generator Thermal Storage ~ Heliostat Field Concentrating solar system Blower Air return 110ºC Air circuit Blower Steam 65 bar, 460ºC Power Block Electric Power Generating System 7

8 SOLAIR Project Objectives Develop receiver (technology not available in 1999): Efficient Low-cost Simple Ceramic solar absorber, that allows: high solar concentration longer material lifetime stable at high temperatures (over 1,000ºC) Modular design strategy (from 200kW to 3,000 kw and upwards!!!!!)

9 SOLAR FACILITIES USED Plataforma Solar de Almería, CIEMAT (Spain) Solar Furnace German Aerospace Centre, Cologne (Germany) 9

10 SOLAIR EC PROJECT: THE ACHIEVEMENTS 200 kw kw 30 kw Commercial module Proof-of-concept module Ceramic cups Ceramic Honeycomb 10

11 Receiver design : Maximum modularity Any size The same module 2.5m 2.5m 11

12 SOLAIR 3MW receiver testing -Producing superheated steam at 440ºC - Pilot plant including receiver, heat storage and steam generator 80% efficiency from solar to air!!!! Up to 1000ºC air temperature achieved!!!! 12

13 SOLAIR absorber working principle: A Solar hair dryer!!! Solar radiation 1000 kw/m 2 Air High efficiency because: -Solar photons trapped inside - Heat transfer is volumetric 13

14 SOLAIR absorber working principle: A Solar hair dryer!!! to steam generator Test-bed 3MW th Receiver Air 680-1,000ºC Air 20ºC Solar radiation 14

15 What follows? Early commercial project by 2006 SomewhereinSpain Nominal power 10 MW (electric power) Heliostats Mirrors 90,000 m 2 Tower Height 95 m Receiver Height 10m SOLAIR-10 power plant 15

16 Project spin-off Solar power plants: Technology required and detailed engineering ready for first-of-its-kind commercial plant KAM (Germany) have expressed interest in supplying turn-key plants. LiqTech/Heliotech (Denmark) and Saint Gobain Ceramics (Germany), have expressed interest in supplying an industrial-scale ceramic absorber. 16

17 Project spin-off Use of ceramic material as a filter for separating particles from liquids and hot gases: for diesel engine exhaust on buses, trucks, trains, etc for separating yeast and sterilizing beer in breweries for sterilizing milk by separating bacteria and viruses in dairies, avoiding the pasteurization Diesel Particle Filter for a city bus LiqTech144mm: ceramic module for sterilizing beer and milk 17

18 Conclusions SOLAIR means electricity production by profiting from solar energy and air available for free in nature. After testing of a 3-MW pilot module, the SOLAIR receiver (key system) has been proven efficient and mature. Modularity and simplicity is its distinctive feature: From dozens to thousands of kw with the same module architecture. The European SOLAIR consortium offers the technology to Independent Power Promoters and Utilities. Detailed engineering for an early plant has already been completed. The potential is enormous for arid and semi-arid areas, all over the world. Spin-off, as a filter for liquids. 18

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