Master Degree in Nuclear Engineering: Academic year

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1 Master Degree in Nuclear Engineering: Academic year Number of students : University Politehnica Bucharest Total: 17 Language: Romanian For further information: Dates Title Topics Duration ECTS Course Fall Nuclear Installations Fall Nuclear Processes From informative point is follow up the presentation of the actual and future nuclear systems specific problems, especially for the CANDU. Conception, systems, subsystems and equipment compositions are gradually presented, starting with theoretical problems and follow up with functioning, operating, safety and risk aspects and ending with economical and environment aspects. The course is based on the accumulated knowledge at the speciality courses, without superposing with these. For courses - Acknowledgement of the main types of fundamental proprieties of stable nucleuses. Atomic Nucleus (kernel); - Acknowledgement of the basic Nuclear Reactions. Classification of nuclear reactions. Reaction dynamics, conservation laws for nuclear reactions. Nuclear forces. 14 h Prof.Dr. Ilie Prisecaru 21 h Prof.Dr.phys.Gheorghe Sindilaru 1

2 Reaction mechanisms composed nucleus mechanism; - Acknowledgement of the Structure nuclear models. Models for the fission process. Classification of models; drop model and layer model. Fission mechanism. Occurrence conditions. Hybrid model of Sutinski; - Acknowledgement of the basic nuclear data for nuclear reactors. - Acknowledgement of the Nuclear fusion. Examples of thermonuclear fusion reactions. Plasma proprieties. Controlled thermonuclear reactions. Magnetic and inertial confining of burning plasma. For laboratory Acquiring basic knowledge specific for the activity area: o Determination of radionuclides decay time; o Example for total absorption efficiency, total interaction efficient section in Pb (determination of attenuation coefficient); o Activation analysis using * spectrometry. Example for Co-0; o Relation between energy and efficiency. o Gamma spectroscopy Acquiring of engineering special knowledge by the elaboration of a designing calculation o Acknowledgment of the basic 2

3 Course Fall Nuclear materials Fall Nuclear Thermal- Hydraullics/ Modelling and Simulation of NPP installations elements of the section data; o Development of the engineering calculation capacity for the calculation of gamma spectroscopy; o Capacity of using the bibliography documents in order to determine the different parameters that characterise the nuclear reaction (diagram use, selection of an analytical relation, etc.); o Development of the results interpretation and optimal version nuclear data section. Acknowledgement of the main nuclear materials; Nuclear fuel: uranium preparation, conversion and enrichment. Moderator materials Absorbers Structural materials Materials for radiological protection For Courses 1 Nuclear power primary loop design basis 2 Heat generation in nuclear reactors 3 Thermal analysis of fuel element 4 Fuel channel analysis: single phase flow case 5 Fundamentals of two phase flow Fuel channel analysis: two phase flow case 7 CHF, Critical Channel Power 8 Heat Transfer correlations applied to nuclear reactors 9 Steam Generator 14 h Prof.Dr. Petre Ghitescu 70 h Prof.Dr. Daniel Dupleac 8 3

4 10 Pressurizer 11 CANDU Heat Transport System 12 Transient regimes in CANDU Heat Transport System Research activity Course Fall Dissertation thesis stage Nuclear Safety Principles/ Human Risk For applications 1 CANDU Heat Transport System Design 2 : simulation of transient in CANDU Heat Transport System 3 Thermal analysis of fuel element 4 Two phase flow pressure losses calculation 5 Calculation of CCP and the post- CHF heat transfer Acknowledgement of main problems regarding radioactivity risk and of main radioactivity source in a CANDU-00 nuclear unit; Acknowledgement of the basic information regarding international and roumanian agencies/commissions for coordinate and/or requirements in nuclear area. Acknowledgement of the base elements related to the main laws and requirements (in Romania) for nuclear safety and quality management. Acknowledgement of the base elements related to the nuclear safety and nuclear reactor safety operation. Safety problems in Nuclear Power Plant Operation. 30 h Conf.dr.eng. Petre Stefanescu 4 4

5 Case studies. Impact of ionizing radiation on the environment Protection against ionizing radiation For courses - Acknowledgement of the main types of fundamental proprieties of stable nucleuses. Atomic Nucleus (kernel); - Acknowledgement of the basic Nuclear Reactions. Classification of nuclear reactions. Reaction dynamics, conservation laws for nuclear reactions. Nuclear forces. Reaction mechanisms composed nucleus mechanism; - Acknowledgement of the Structure nuclear models. Models for the fission process. Classification of models; drop model and layer model. Fission mechanism. Occurrence conditions. Hybrid model of Sutinski; - Acknowledgement of the basic nuclear data for nuclear reactors. - Acknowledgement of the Nuclear fusion. Examples of thermonuclear fusion reactions. Plasma proprieties. Controlled thermonuclear reactions. Magnetic and inertial confining of burning plasma. 42 h 5 Conf.dr.phys. Gheorghe Sindilaru Prof.Dr. Gheorghe Sindilaru For laboratory Acquiring basic knowledge specific 5

6 PSA of Nuclear Installations for the activity area: o Determination of radionuclides decay time; o Example for total absorption efficiency, total interaction efficient section in Pb (determination of attenuation coefficient); o Activation analysis using * spectrometry. Example for Co-0; o Relation between energy and efficiency. o Gamma spectroscopy Acquiring of engineering special knowledge by the elaboration of a designing calculation o Acknowledgment of the basic elements of the section data; o Development of the engineering calculation capacity for the calculation of gamma spectroscopy; o Capacity of using the bibliography documents in order to determine the different parameters that characterise the nuclear reaction (diagram use, selection of an analytical relation, etc.); o Development of the results interpretation and optimal version nuclear data section. 1. Introduction: Historical review, Safety goals, Regulation of nuclear power plant 2. Review of mathematics for PSA 3. Quantitative methods of accident analyses: Fault Tree Analyses, Event 42 Prof.Dr. Daniel Dupleac

7 Research activity Course Fall Trees, Alternatives to Fault Tree Analyses 4. Indentification of event initiation, plant operation state and source term 5. Nuclear Power Plant PSA: Overview of the probabilistic safety process using event trees; data base preparation, Internal and external events, PSA preparation. PSA level 1: goals and methodologies 7. PSA level 2: goals and methodologies 8. Application of PSA : PWR and CANDU case Dissertation thesis stage Radioactive waste management 1 Classification of RW. 2 The principles of RWM. 3 Generating, treatment and disposal of LLW and ILW. 4 General context and objectives of Deep Geological Disposal Concepts 5 Deep Geological Disposal Technology and key issues: Engineered Barrier Buffer Construction Technologies 7 Equipment and process for waste package emplacement in disposal cells/drifts 8 Pushing robots 9 Air / Water Cushion Technology 10 Disposal Cell/Drift Construction Concepts and Materials 8 Prof.Dr.. Petre Ghitescu 10 7

8 Research activity 11 Cement / bentonite interaction. Effects of alkaline fluids on host rock 12 Sources of LLW and ILW from Cernavoda NPP. Its treatment. 13 Cernavoda NPP management strategies. 14 Spent fuel from Cernavoda NPP. Storage methods. Intermediary storage of spent fuel ( DICA). 15 Romanian radioactive waste strategies. Fall Dissertation thesis stage 20 Dissertation defense 8

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