2 THE IT LIFECYCLE The IT Lifecycle is 3-5 years before a refresh is required. Data Centre infrastructure has a 5 year lifecycle before reinvestment is required. We often think that small businesses have very different challenges to large corporates, and in many senses, that s true. However, when it comes to managing your IT infrastructure, each organization, no matter what size, has its own specific needs as they move through the IT lifecycle of any organization facing economic growth.
3 COLOCATION ABC According to Info-Tech Research Group, 64% of organizations engage in some form of data centre colocation services. In addition, Gartner has observed more and more enterprises enlisting colocation services, and the research firm has identified several reasons behind this trend. Colocation is a physical facilities option for your IT infrastructure Deployment of IT assets in a colocation facility provides the advantages of: Shared power and cooling infrastructure Security and resilient architecture Reduced Capital Investment Risk By renting space for IT assets, but keeping ownership and control, organisations can expand quickly and still maintain the stringent quality, resiliency and security requirements of the ideal IT infrastructure.
4 Colocation Considerations Whether building or buying/leasing a facility, there are basic fundamental questions that need to be considered. Does the site have sufficient capacity for initial population as well as future expansion? What is the risk of disruption due to natural disaster or security breaches? Is the site near diverse routes for multiple carriers? Is the site easily accessible by technicians/customers? What is the power availability at the site? Is it scalable over the term of the life of the facility? What standards does/will the site conform to, and what is the guaranteed/expected availability, covered by SLA? Is the site certified for design standards, as well as operational standards? (ISO, PCI-DSS, Uptime Institute, TIA) What security procedures and controls will be/are available? Is there/will there be detailed, continuous monitoring and measurement of all critical components? Is this information available? Are the facility policies open, and is the facility owned by a competitor? How easy will it be to interconnect to other networks? Structured cabling? 24/7 On-site support or remote-hands?
5 When to consider Colocation: Geography Organizations that operate across a vast geography, whether provincial, national or continental, require a well-situated and well connected central location. Necessary Requirements Cooling, power or weight requirements within facilities are vital, and it s extremely expensive to retrofit an older premises. Often, it s not possible to provide the kind of security and fire protection required within these older buildings as well. Space alternative Colocation provides an alternative to expanding, or building, when organisations have outgrown current space but don t want to relocate everything into new facilities. Hands-on management Remote hands-on management of colocation facilities makes it easier to administer and manage IT infrastructure without needing to be physically located anywhere need the actual hardware setup. 5
6 Business benefits: Improve reliability Five 9 s? Three 9 s? What s the Difference? Availability is usually expressed as a percentage of uptime in a given year. Many providers will state their availability as percentage such as or The difference? Two fewer nines mean an average of 86 seconds more downtime every day or 43 minutes more downtime every month 6
7 Business benefits: Eliminate risk and costs Financially, colocation makes sense. There is reduced capital investment and lower lifetime cost as non-core expenditure is eliminated from the company balance sheet and setup and monthly costs are significantly lowered. The average costs of building a data centre are between $2,500 and $25,000 per square metre. Risk and Compliance Colocation providers have to ensure that they comply with regulatory requirements, saving customers time and money and making audits far easier. Carrier Access Latency is an often discussed and much mooted reason for not moving to colocated facilities. It s important to check that you find a facility which houses as many of the network carriers as possible. Network performance (or latency) can have a direct financial and productivity impact on your business, particularly if you are on a slow network. 7
8 Value to Carriers and Regional Carriers Carriers are an essential and critical building block of the ecosystem. Without carriers, you cannot have CDNs and ISPs. Without CDNs and ISPs, you will have no end-users! So what do carriers need from a facility? Stability Carriers build their names on their ability to deliver high capacity and uptime. Neutral facilities have absolute focus on making sure that all components are always on Security Carriers need to know that their costly equipment is safe, and that the risk of sabotage is minimal. Security is one of the pillars of a neutral facility. Customers Carrier deployment is expensive, and as such, carriers need to carefully select deployment sites that offer the greatest reach to customers. Neutral facilities offer a low-risk option, with easy, cost-effective interconnection to a diverse market-place, including ISPs, CDNs, corporates, banks, government, and even other carriers. Everyone in one place. Scalability With customers comes growth. Carriers need the comfort of knowing that the facility can grow with their business. 8
9 Carrier Neutral Interconnection effect 300 Neutral interconnection policies and multiple potential partners in one location present significant growth opportunities for carriers Total From (Network Costs Reduction) Total To (Revenue made from DC)
10 Carrier Revenue Potential Conservative estimate of monthly carrier revenue from one colocation facility, based on number of interconnects Estimated Monthly Revenue Carrier 1 Carrier 2 Carrier 3 Carrier 4 Carrier 5 Carrier 6 Carrier 7 Carrier 8 Carrier 9 Carrier 10 Carrier 11 Carrier 12 Carrier 13 Carrier 14 Carrier 15 10
11 Value to IXPS and Regional IXPs IXPs present an attractive option for carriers, CDNs and ISPs. Neutral network diversity ensures IXP growth So what do IXPs need from a facility? Stability When networks connect to an IXP, they need to know that the IXP is just as reliable as the rest of their network. An unstable IXP will make it difficult to convince networks to peer. Peers An IXP needs to be as close as possible to as many networks as possible. The more networks an IXP has, the more attractive it becomes. CDNs use IXPs to get content to many networks over one connection. Carriers can use IXPs to provision remote peering ports. ISPs and enterprises use IXPs to get low latency, low-cost access to content. A neutral facility allows all of these networks to easily deploy in one common location, making it easy to connect Open interconnect policies Restrictive interconnect policies hinder growth. Open interconnect policies are in the best interests of the facility, as well as it's customers. 11
12 What makes a Data Centres attractive for IXPs? Creates true colocation value: Existing colocation clients can realise true network savings through reduced requirements e.g. less physical connections; Reduction in transit between clients; Improved network quality e.g. reduced latency; Increased revenue opportunities through neutral interconnection. Symbiotic relationship to facility. As your IXP grows, your facility will become more attractive 12
13 Regional IXP: Global Content Instant marketplace opportunity: Provides a platform for easy to deliver content to an existing market; Provides a secure, well connected, always on environment for node deployment; Creates value to existing colocation clients to improve their clients user experience and reduce network costs; Provides platform for existing members to increase existing product lines. 13
14 IXP Data Centre community Savings Real example of just one peer that continuously calculates and graphs the amount of money saved (Rand value) by peering at IXPs. 14
15 The Neutral Marketplace Quotes: How to make sure Regional IXP will last? Keep and guarantee neutrality and independence Franceix Hosting companies, portals, CDNs, content providers, etc. tend to prefer a richly networked ISP colocation center with an open marketplace of ISP services. This provides the required flexibility, robustness and ever decreasing transit prices that are reasons that large scale content providers build into colocation centers in the first place. - Dr Peering 15
16 In Region experiences In the last 12 months, some national IXPs in Africa have moved their IXPs to data centers (carrier neutral and carrier specific). The moves have been at a cost to; The IXP to meet new location requirements i.e cabinets, power upgrades, etc The carriers who had previously built fiber into the old locations The reasons for moving have are; Scalability to meet growing space, power and security demands Improve service reliability Neutrality requirements or balance thereof Others have upgraded their facilities to meet growing demands. These are resources that would have otherwise gone to other IXP related investments.
17 COLOCATION ROI In a survey of over 200 CEOs, business owners and IT decision makers, 70% expected to see a return on investment from choosing colocation. l24% expected a return within six months l40% within twelve months Globally, IT execs have the following to say: Owning and operating IT infrastructure results in higher costs and wasted resources ~ 60% agree Expect to save on average 25% of IT budgets through outsourcing Cloud will play a huge role in the IT landscape over the next decade Providing competitive advantage through enhanced agility, scalability and operational efficiencies is top priority Purchasing IT assets turned out to be a mistake IT infrastructure ownership ties us into specific assets, undermining the ability to move with changing environments We already outsource over 25% of our IT infrastructure In 5 years time, over 40% of our IT infrastructure will be outsourced Outsourcing is key to meet continually evolving compliance requirements, like King III in SA 17
18 Summary For a Regional IXP to be successful and sustainable it needs to be stable, reliable, and must be accessible by any network that fulfils the technical participation requirements. This means: Standard, open and unrestricted interconnection policies - Everybody plays by the same rules Always-on, reliable, open hosting facility and infrastructure - Nobody wants content that is not always available Reliable, high quality structured cabling systems and procedures - Physical interconnection in the same facility should take hours, not weeks Multiple peers and unrestricted market-place Carriers, ISPs, CDNs, Banks, Enterprises An exchange cannot grow without peering members Scalable space and infrastructure for content growth. Moving a successful exchange is a complex, and costly exercise. Always plan for growth Effectively, the definition of a vendor neutral datacentre, clearly illustrating that vendor neutral facilities are a perfect fit for Regional IXP deployment. 18
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