Water Resource Management & Climate Variability

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Water Resource Management & Climate Variability"

Transcription

1 Water Resource Management & Climate Variability Possibilities for Transboundary Knowledge Transfer on the US-Mexico Border Prepared for presentation at the Open Meeting of the Global Environmental Change Research Community, Montreal, Canada, October, 2003 Barbara J. Morehouse Institute for the Study of Planet Earth University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ USA This presentation is based on work funded by the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration s Office of Global Programs, and by the Dialogue on Water and Climate program, located in Delft, The Netherlands.

2 Rivers of the US-Mexico Border The US-Mexico border region is characterized by semi-arid to arid conditions. Few surface water sources exist. The main sources of surface water are the two transboundary river systems, the Colorado River and Rio Grande/Rio Bravo. Complex international agreements govern rights to these waters. In addition, significant transboundary aquifers exist in some regions. Here, however, governance of water resources is virtually non-existent. Development and communication of information, tailored to the border region, about climate variability and change is needed. Water resource management and use constitutes one of the more promising areas for cross-border development, dissemination, and use of climate information. Recent experience with spatially and temporally extensive drought, entwined economic production and consumption dynamics that rely on shared water resources, and with complex legal institutions governing water, can facilitate the building transboundary decision support capacity. Underlying these interactions are the transboundary hydrologic patterns and processes that support both the human and natural systems of the region.

3 Cities on the US-Mexico Border The transboundary area encompassing the southeastern United States and northwestern border area of Mexico is 3100 kilometers long and officially recognized as 100km wide on each side of the border. There are more than 11.8 million people living on the border today; estimates place the 2020 population at 19.4 million. Ninety percent of this population is concentrated in 14 interdependent twin cities that span the boundary. The rapid growth experienced in the cities on the Mexican side of the border has resulted in numerous challenges, including unplanned development, increased demand for land, energy, and water resources, greater traffic congestion, increased production of waste that strains already-inadequate waste treatment facilities, and other pressures Capacity to respond effectively to climatic stress in the transboundary context requires a long-term commitment to education, capacity building, and support for development of needed infrastructure and services. These factors can be enhanced by ability to draw on considerable reservoirs of social capital. For example, there are longstanding close economic and cultural connections between the Mexican state of Sonora and the US state of Arizona, which provide opportunities for assessing and responding to climate impacts in the binational area, and for developing and disseminating climate information designed to facilitate decision making and management in the face of climatic variability and change. Public-private partnerships established to promote water infrastructure development in Texas and New Mexico border-area colonias also highlight the possibility of improving conditions for marginalized residents through carefully focused collaboration [i] The Arizona-Mexico Commission, and its Mexican counterpart, the Comisión Sonora-Arizona provides a forum for collaboration among the two states on economic development. More generally, close ties among Mexican and Mexican-American residents on both sides of the Arizona-Sonora border sustain cultural linkages, educational exchanges, and sharing of knowledge and expertise. Border health initiatives also reinforce close ties. one of the most important drivers of socioeconomic change in the US-Mexico border region, and related changes in water management structures and practices, is the Mexican federal government s

4 Climate forecasting remains a federal-level responsibility in Mexico, however, and continues to manifest overtones of national sovereignty and related desire to control information flows. The concentration of climate forecasting in Mexico City is considered by border residents to be problematical, in that the information provided tends to be not very useful for their area, and is certainly not specifically tailored to their needs. Mexican border residents, in fact, tend to refer most often to US climate forecasts. On the US side, official climate forecasts are also produced in the federal capital of Washington DC, by NOAA s Climate Prediction Center. Local weather data, forecasts, and some climate forecast services are offered by locally sited National Weather Service offices. In addition, unofficial forecasts for the United States are produced by a variety of laboratories and research institutions (including those funded under the RISA program), and the International Research Institute (IRI) produces forecasts covering countries around the world. IRI climate forecasts are among the few types of information about climate that regularly span the US- Mexico (and US-Canada) border. However, the coarse scale of the information reduces its usefulness of the forecast at local border-area levels. Recently, binational drought monitor information spanning the US-Mexico border has been introduced. Information such as this has already proven useful in binational interactions concerning drought and the Rio Grande/Rio Bravo. On both sides of the border, information about past, current, and future climate impacts on water resources is essential to decision making in all border cities where economic, industrial, and urban growth are inextricably entwined. Such information is essential only to evaluate the sufficiency water supplies for critical uses, but also to assure the water is available when and where it is needed, and that the burden of water shortages are equitably shared.

5 July 2003 CANADA: Streams in the southern interior of British Columbia were experiencing very low flow conditions by the end of July. For some of the streams monitored by the BC River Forecast Centre, the current flow conditions were the lowest flow recorded in 50+ years of record and are unprecedented. Rains have generally been spotty through the Canadian Prairies during much of July, as spring seeded crops used much of the remaining moisture in the ground. Crop conditions were variable but moisture stress is widespread in all three provinces. Hot temperatures were adding to the stress on crops that were looking good a few weeks prior. UNITED STATES: July 2003 was warmer than average for the contiguous United States, ranking as 12 th warmest and 45 th driest nationally. However, the contrast between the excessive rainfall in the East and the lack of precipitation in the West belied this ranking. Idaho had the warmest July, statewide, in its 109-year record and New Mexico had the driest July. As for the changes to the drought regions during the month, several areas in the West became significantly worse, ranging from moderate to exceptional drought. A large area of moderate drought (D1) was added to the Pacific Northwest (Washington, Oregon, and Idaho), and several exceptional drought (D4) areas popped up in parts of Idaho and along the northern borders of Nevada and Utah. Moderate drought (D1) expanded into much of the central and southern Great Plains during July. MEXICO: Drought conditions in July improved over some parts of northern Mexico, deteriorated over parts of the south, and remained generally unchanged from June over many other areas. In northern Mexico, improvement occurred over Coahuila, the northern part of Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, partially due to Tropical Storm Claudette. Conditions also improved in northern Sonora and in southern portions of the state and northern Sinaloa with the contraction of the exceptional drought D4 area. Above normal rainfall along the Gulf Coast resulted in improvement over parts of Tamaluipas and Vera Cruz. Dry weather occurred in southern Mexico, where reports of below normal stream flows and dam levels were noted. Abnormal dryness D0 expanded into parts of Quintana Roo, and moderate drought D1 expanded into Tobasco and Chiapas. Abnormal dryness D0 was introduced into coastal sections from southern Sinaloa into Guerrero, where less than 75% of the normal July precipitation fell. The experimental North American Drought Monitor, which has only recently begun being produced in the US, includes a commentary page. Note that the page is only in English.

6 Additional information about drought trends may also be found on the Drought Monitor web site. However, obtaining the information requires access to a computer and to the Web.

7 Nogales, Sonora has produced a web site that gives climate forecast information. (The web site for Nogales, Arizona does not provide this information.)

8 TENDENCIAS CLIMATICAS PARA ESTE VERANO: Como ya es del dominio público, ahora se sabe que el clima en una región del Globo Terrestre durante una temporada, depende en gran parte de si se presentan o no los fenómenos del NIÑO o la NIÑA. En ésto radica la importancia de determinar el comportamiento de la temperatura del Océano Pacífico (ver arriba los mapas para relacionar la temperatura con estos fenómenos). Ahora bien, como se muestra en los mapas anteriores, las condiciones cálidas del NIÑO se han disipado rápidamente en el Pacífico tropical durante la primavera del Por otro lado, las últimas estadísticas y modelos indican una considerable incertidumbre para los próximos meses, aunque parece ser que no se desarrollará LA NIÑA. Lo anterior nos indica que se presentarán temperaturas por encima de lo normal durante los meses de Julio a Octubre, para la región del noroeste mexicano y suroeste estadounidense. En cuanto a precipitación, igualmente existe una gran incertidumbre, que también apunta a condiciones normales de precipitación. Esto es extremadamente grave, ya que la sequía que se padece en la región dura ya desde 1993, y ahora es cuando se requiere de precipitaciones mayores a lo normal. En los mapas de abajo se muestran los pronósticos de temperatura y de precipitación para la temporada de lluvias veraniegas del Note that, on the Nogales, Sonora web site we finally see some commentary discussing the forecasts is in Spanish.

9 This is the map shown on the Nogales, Sonora web site. Note that this is a forecast produced by the Climate Prediction Center, which is located within the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Note also that the map is in English.

10 This map showing the temperature outlook for October, November and December 2003, like the previous one which gives the outlook for the same time period for precipitation, is produced by NOAA s Climate Prediction Center. Lack of information for Mexico and Canada limits the utility of products like this for stakeholders who must consider transboundary and continental-scale climate conditions.

11 PRONOSTICOS DE TEMPERATURA A LARGO PLAZO AGOSTO A SEPTIEMBRE, 2003 Pronósticos de TEMPERATURAS de largo plazo (Climate Prediction Center, NOAA). El color CAFE a ROJO indica probabilidad de mayor TEMPERATURA que la normal. El color BLANCO indica TEMPERATURAS normales. EN RESUMEN, PARA LA REGIÓN ALEDAÑA A NOGALES: TODO ESTE VERANO: TEMPERATURA MÁS CALUROSA QUE LO NORMAL PRONÓSTICOS DE PRECIPITACIÓN A LARGO PLAZO Pronósticos de PRECIPITACIÓN de largo plazo (Climate Prediction Center, NOAA). El color VERDE indica probabilidad de mayor PRECIPITACIÓN que la normal. El color BLANCO indica PRECIPITACIONES normales. El color CAFE indica PRECIPITACIONES por debajo de lo normal. EN RESUMEN, PARA LA REGIÓN ALEDAÑA A NOGALES: ESTE VERANO, JULIO A SEPTIEMBRE: PROBABLEMENTE PRECIPITACIÓN NORMAL, AUNQUE LAS LLUVIAS SE DEMORARAN ALGO PARA INCIAR. This slide shows a Spanish interpretation of the forecast shown in the previous slide. Note that this forecast was already out of date at the time I accessed it.

12 San Pedro River Photo by Robin Silver, Center for Biological Diversity Much more can be done to provide useful, usable, timely, and relevant information for the US- Mexico border. Whether the task is preserving valuable waterways and habitat, such as the transboundary San Pedro River, or transforming border tension into transboundary collaboration to manage shared and scarce water resources, building a transboundary climate communication capability, with products tailored to the needs of residents who need the information, is very important. Not everything can be communicated solely on the Web; information crucial to sectors of the population who are not connected must be made accessible through alternative means of dissemination. One mechanism is to focus initial efforts on early adopters of climate information, including those who are already experienced in interacting with scientists and scientific information, and individuals who serve as information brokers. Taking action now to build a locally informed, scientifically robust knowledge exchange infrastructure is essential. When the trends showing increases in costs of impacts from severe and extreme climatic conditions is factored into the analysis, the project becomes even more urgent. Neoliberal reforms in Mexican land tenure and water management institutions, and related trends in water privatization in the United States benefit some but increase the vulnerability of others. Likewise, innovations in scientific knowledge transfer and application that respond exclusively to the needs of big capital and big politics can multiply the stresses borne by politically, economically, and educationally marginalized populations. Some of these stresses may be averted by assuring that entities responsible for liaising between science and the public have access to the necessary information and the capacity to interpret the information for their clientele. It would behoove the governments of the two countries, and key nongovernmental sources of funding, to make a long-term commitment to regional climate impacts science and assessment and to working together to find ways to overcome barriers such as sovereignty issues, insufficient funding, lack of widespread integration of stakeholders into the enterprise, and lack of capacity among the public to interpret and/or use climate information.

Climate Change on the Prairie:

Climate Change on the Prairie: Climate Change on the Prairie: A Basic Guide to Climate Change in the High Plains Region - UPDATE Global Climate Change Why does the climate change? The Earth s climate has changed throughout history and

More information

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS NAME THE SIX MAJOR CLIMATE REGIONS DESCRIBE EACH CLIMATE REGION TELL THE FIVE FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE EXPLAIN HOW THOSE FACTORS AFFECT CLIMATE DESCRIBE HOW CLIMATES

More information

Arizona Climate Summary February 2015 Summary of conditions for January 2015

Arizona Climate Summary February 2015 Summary of conditions for January 2015 Arizona Climate Summary February 2015 Summary of conditions for January 2015 January 2015 Temperature and Precipitation Summary January 1 st 14 th : January started off with a very strong low pressure

More information

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States 170 E Arctic Ocean 10 W 180 20 W 30 W 1 Mount McKinley 40 W 160 W 150 W Hudson Bay 50 W Canadian Shield Vancouver Island

More information

Sustainable Groundwater Management for Tomorrow s Livelihoods

Sustainable Groundwater Management for Tomorrow s Livelihoods Groundwater Resources and Management Sustainable Groundwater Management for Tomorrow s Livelihoods Strategies and Products Federal Institute for Geosciences and Natural Resources (BGR), Germany Commissioned

More information

Catastrophe Risk Insurance Pools: Opportunities and Challenges for the Mexican States

Catastrophe Risk Insurance Pools: Opportunities and Challenges for the Mexican States Seminario sobre Modelos de Gestión Financiera del Riesgo de Desastres para las Entidades Federativas en México Mexico, D.F. 1 de diciembre de 2011 Catastrophe Risk Insurance Pools: Opportunities and Challenges

More information

Climate Extremes Research: Recent Findings and New Direc8ons

Climate Extremes Research: Recent Findings and New Direc8ons Climate Extremes Research: Recent Findings and New Direc8ons Kenneth Kunkel NOAA Cooperative Institute for Climate and Satellites North Carolina State University and National Climatic Data Center h#p://assessment.globalchange.gov

More information

Programa de Cursos Intensivos de Inglés (CIDI) Verano 2015

Programa de Cursos Intensivos de Inglés (CIDI) Verano 2015 Programa de Cursos Intensivos de Inglés (CIDI) Verano 2015 Listado de seleccionados para participar en el Programa de Cursos Intensivos de Inglés (CIDI) Verano 2015 y universidades destino. Código Universidad

More information

Impacts and Adaptations The Case of the 2001-2002 Drought

Impacts and Adaptations The Case of the 2001-2002 Drought Impacts and Adaptations The Case of the 2001- Drought V. Wittrock 1 and E. Wheaton 2 1 Saskatchewan Research Council 2 Saskatchewan Research Council and University of Saskatchewan Presentation at the Water

More information

Forecast-Informed Reservoir Operations: A Concept Supporting Water Supply and Flood Control

Forecast-Informed Reservoir Operations: A Concept Supporting Water Supply and Flood Control 16 inches of rain in 1 day in Central California Forecast-Informed Reservoir Operations: A Concept Supporting Water Supply and Flood Control Developed by the Center for Western Weather and Water Extremes

More information

TRAYECTORIAS DE HURACANES Y FENOMENOS CLIMATICOS

TRAYECTORIAS DE HURACANES Y FENOMENOS CLIMATICOS CAMBIO CLIMATICO Presentación en FUNGLODE, Rep. Dominicana, 2006 TRAYECTORIAS DE HURACANES Y FENOMENOS CLIMATICOS Joel Perez Joel.perez@cathalac.org CATHALAC WHERE WE ARE Ubicación Cambio Climático & Variabilidad

More information

Enfermedad de las Manchas Blancas (EMB) White Spot Disease (WSD) Actualización del diagnóstico ambiental Octubre 2010. Perspectivas al 2011

Enfermedad de las Manchas Blancas (EMB) White Spot Disease (WSD) Actualización del diagnóstico ambiental Octubre 2010. Perspectivas al 2011 C I A D Enfermedad de las Manchas Blancas (EMB) White Spot Disease (WSD) Actualización del diagnóstico ambiental Octubre 2010 Perspectivas al 2011 Climate Diagnostic Bulletin http://www.cpc.noaa.gov/products/cdb/index.shtml

More information

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change

CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change CSCAP MEMORANDUM No. 15 The Security Implications of Climate Change A Memorandum from the Council for Security Cooperation in the Asia Pacific (CSCAP) June 2010 CSCAP Memorandum No. 15 The Security Implications

More information

Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist. Introduction. Climatic controls

Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist. Introduction. Climatic controls Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist Introduction Illinois lies midway between the Continental Divide and the Atlantic Ocean, and the state's southern tip is 500 miles north of

More information

Addressing Declining Elevations in Lake Mead

Addressing Declining Elevations in Lake Mead Integrated Resource Planning Advisory Committee July 23, 2014 Addressing Declining Elevations in Lake Mead 1 Meeting Topics Drought update Attribute finalization Interbasin Cooperation Intake Pumping Station

More information

MIAMI-SOUTH FLORIDA National Weather Service Forecast Office http://www.weather.gov/miami

MIAMI-SOUTH FLORIDA National Weather Service Forecast Office http://www.weather.gov/miami MIAMI-SOUTH FLORIDA National Weather Service Forecast Office http://www.weather.gov/miami January Summary: Warm and Dry Winter Rolls On February 1, 2013: South Florida s warm and dry winter pattern of

More information

[ Climate Data Collection and Forecasting Element ] An Advanced Monitoring Network In Support of the FloodER Program

[ Climate Data Collection and Forecasting Element ] An Advanced Monitoring Network In Support of the FloodER Program [ Climate Data Collection and Forecasting Element ] An Advanced Monitoring Network In Support of the FloodER Program December 2010 1 Introduction Extreme precipitation and the resulting flooding events

More information

The Texas Center for Border and Transnational Studies A Center of Excellence where Knowledge Knows No Boundaries

The Texas Center for Border and Transnational Studies A Center of Excellence where Knowledge Knows No Boundaries Texas Conference on Digital Libraries New Paradigm For Studying Our Border The Texas Center for Border and Transnational Studies Austin, Texas May 17, 2010 Antonio Zavaleta, Ph.D. Associate Provost for

More information

Resumen de Entrevista: Asociación de Agentes de Aduana del Puerto de Manzanillo

Resumen de Entrevista: Asociación de Agentes de Aduana del Puerto de Manzanillo Resumen de Entrevista: Asociación de Agentes de Aduana del Puerto de Manzanillo 1. To your knowledge, to what extent do customs brokers run into operative inconveniences when it comes to collecting payment

More information

Great Plains and Midwest Climate Outlook 19 March 2015

Great Plains and Midwest Climate Outlook 19 March 2015 Great Plains and Midwest Climate Outlook 19 March 2015 Wendy Ryan Assistant State Climatologist Colorado State University wendy.ryan@colostate.edu Grass fire in SE Nebraska 13 March 2015 General Information

More information

Climate, Drought, and Change Michael Anderson State Climatologist. Managing Drought Public Policy Institute of California January 12, 2015

Climate, Drought, and Change Michael Anderson State Climatologist. Managing Drought Public Policy Institute of California January 12, 2015 Climate, Drought, and Change Michael Anderson State Climatologist Managing Drought Public Policy Institute of California January 12, 2015 Oroville Reservoir January 2009 Presentation Overview The Rules

More information

Critical Assets and Extreme Weather Process & Lessons

Critical Assets and Extreme Weather Process & Lessons Critical Assets and Extreme Weather Process & Lessons Steven Olmsted Intermodal Transportation Division Arizona Department of Transportation 2014 Transportation Asset Management Conference April 28-30,

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE WHY DOES IT MATTER?

WEATHER AND CLIMATE WHY DOES IT MATTER? WEATHER AND CLIMATE Rising global average temperature is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns. Scientific studies indicate that extreme weather events such as heat waves and large storms

More information

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas

DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems The global research partnership to improve agricultural

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND MIGRATION IN THE MEKONG RIVER DELTA, VIETNAM CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND MIGRATION

CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND MIGRATION IN THE MEKONG RIVER DELTA, VIETNAM CLIMATE CHANGE, ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION AND MIGRATION VIỆN NGHIÊN CỨU BIẾN ĐỔI KHÍ HẬU ĐẠI HỌC CẦN THƠ DRAGON Institute Mekong - CTU INTERNATIONAL DIALOGUE ON MIGRATION 2011 THE FUTURE OF MIGRATION: BUILDING CAPACITIES FOR CHANGE INTERSESSIONAL WORKSHOP ON

More information

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center

Jessica Blunden, Ph.D., Scientist, ERT Inc., Climate Monitoring Branch, NOAA s National Climatic Data Center Kathryn Sullivan, Ph.D, Acting Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator Thomas R. Karl, L.H.D., Director,, and Chair of the Subcommittee on Global Change Research Jessica

More information

The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation The IPCC Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation A changing climate leads to changes in extreme weather and climate events 2 How do changes

More information

El Niño Insurance & Low-Emission Climate-Resilient Development in Peru

El Niño Insurance & Low-Emission Climate-Resilient Development in Peru El Niño Insurance & Low-Emission Climate-Resilient Development in Peru Benjamin Collier, GlobalAgRisk, Inc., Agricultural Economics at University of Kentucky Nuevo Vallarta, Mexico 15 March 2011 Outline

More information

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Vol. 9 No. 5 Spring 2003 Editor: Lauren Bell In this issue: g Climate Creations exploring mother nature s remote control for weather and Climate. g Crazy Climate

More information

FLOOD FORECASTING PRACTICE IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA

FLOOD FORECASTING PRACTICE IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA FLOOD FORECASTING PRACTICE IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA California Department of Water Resources Post Office Box 219000, Sacramento, California 95821 9000 USA By Maurice Roos, Chief Hydrologist ABSTRACT Although

More information

The North American Process: Steps Toward Stronger Partnership A Working Symposium

The North American Process: Steps Toward Stronger Partnership A Working Symposium The North American Process: Steps Toward Stronger Partnership A Working Symposium Hyatt Regency, Phoenix March 30-31, 2016 North American Electricity Primer Sapna Gupta Senior Policy Analyst, Morrison

More information

SPANISH MOOD SELECTION: Probablemente Subjunctive, Posiblemente Indicative

SPANISH MOOD SELECTION: Probablemente Subjunctive, Posiblemente Indicative SPANISH MOOD SELECTION: Probablemente, Posiblemente Hilary Miller April 26, 2013 Spanish Mood Selection According to Spanish textbooks: = doubt, indicative = reality/certainty Es probable que/es posible

More information

Community Level Planning: Lessons Learned NIDIS NDMC EPC Workshop June 8, 2011 Chicago Jeff Brislawn and Courtney Peppler

Community Level Planning: Lessons Learned NIDIS NDMC EPC Workshop June 8, 2011 Chicago Jeff Brislawn and Courtney Peppler Community Level Planning: Lessons Learned NIDIS NDMC EPC Workshop June 8, 2011 Chicago Jeff Brislawn and Courtney Peppler COLORADO MUNICIPAL DROUGHT MANAGEMENT PLAN Guidance Document 2 2010 Update to Drought

More information

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011

Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Climate Change Long Term Trends and their Implications for Emergency Management August 2011 Overview A significant amount of existing research indicates that the world s climate is changing. Emergency

More information

6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B.

6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B. 1. Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface? 1) the distance from the Equator 2) the extent of vegetative cover 3) the degrees of longitude

More information

David R. Vallee Hydrologist-in-Charge NOAA/NWS Northeast River Forecast Center. Providence Street West Warwick, RI at 1030 am Wednesday 3/31/10

David R. Vallee Hydrologist-in-Charge NOAA/NWS Northeast River Forecast Center. Providence Street West Warwick, RI at 1030 am Wednesday 3/31/10 David R. Vallee Hydrologist-in-Charge NOAA/NWS Northeast River Forecast Center Providence Street West Warwick, RI at 1030 am Wednesday 3/31/10 From a Practitioner s Perspective Touch upon some of our major

More information

The Pennsylvania Observer

The Pennsylvania Observer The Pennsylvania Observer August 3, 2009 July 2009 - Pennsylvania Weather Recap Written by: Dan DePodwin After a cool month of June, some hoped July would bring usual summertime warmth to the state of

More information

City of Salinas Flood Response Preparations

City of Salinas Flood Response Preparations City of Salinas Flood Response Preparations Winter Preparations Goals for 2015/2016 Community Preparedness in the event of flooding Media cooperation on safety and preparedness, public information sharing

More information

CE394K GIS IN WATER RESOURCES TERM PROJECT REPORT

CE394K GIS IN WATER RESOURCES TERM PROJECT REPORT CE394K GIS IN WATER RESOURCES TERM PROJECT REPORT Soil Water Balance in Southern California Cheng-Wei Yu Environmental and Water Resources Engineering Program Introduction Historical Drought Condition

More information

Groundwater Losses in the Middle East. 1. Story

Groundwater Losses in the Middle East. 1. Story Groundwater Losses in the Middle East 1. Story Researchers have used Earth-orbiting satellites to identify losses of groundwater supplies in the Middle East. The researchers say the losses threaten to

More information

Providing adaptation. Colombian agricultural sector using agro- decision making. A look: Past, Present & Future. Diana Giraldo d.giraldo@cgiar.

Providing adaptation. Colombian agricultural sector using agro- decision making. A look: Past, Present & Future. Diana Giraldo d.giraldo@cgiar. Providing adaptation support to the Colombian agricultural sector using agro- climatic tools to aid decision making. A look: Past, Present & Future Pic by Neil Palmer (CIAT) Led by: Supported: Diana Giraldo

More information

North American Weather & Climate Extremes: Progress in Monitoring and Research

North American Weather & Climate Extremes: Progress in Monitoring and Research North American Weather & Climate Extremes: Progress in Monitoring and Research July 15-21, 2005 Aspen Global Change Institute Aspen, Colorado Shaun McGrath Western Governors Association WGA Drought Report

More information

New Mexico-Chihuahua Border Master Plan. Plan Maestro Fronterizo

New Mexico-Chihuahua Border Master Plan. Plan Maestro Fronterizo New Mexico-Chihuahua Border Master Plan Plan Maestro Fronterizo New Mexico-Chihuahua Agenda 1:30 PM Welcome and Introductions Homerio Bernal, Project Manager, New Mexico Department of Transportation (NMDOT)

More information

The National Integrated Drought Information System. The NIDIS Implementation Team www.drought.gov

The National Integrated Drought Information System. The NIDIS Implementation Team www.drought.gov The National Integrated Drought Information System The NIDIS Implementation Team www.drought.gov National Integrated Drought Information System No systematic collection and analysis of social, environmental,

More information

THE 4 MAJOR RIVERS RESTORATION PROJECT

THE 4 MAJOR RIVERS RESTORATION PROJECT MLTM Republic of Korea WATER IN THE GREEN ECONOMY IN PRACTICE: TOWARDS RIO+20 WATER & GREEN GROWTH THE 4 MAJOR RIVERS RESTORATION PROJECT Office of National River Restoration, Korea 3 to 5 October 2011

More information

ARkStorm: California s Other Big One!

ARkStorm: California s Other Big One! ARkStorm: California s Other Big One! Understanding the Impacts of Massive Winter Storms Mark Jackson Meteorologist in Charge NOAA/National Weather Service Los Angeles/Oxnard What is ARkStorm? Emergency-preparedness

More information

Encuesta de Expectativas Económicas al Panel de Analistas Privados

Encuesta de Expectativas Económicas al Panel de Analistas Privados Encuesta de Expectativas Económicas al Panel de Analistas Privados ECONOMIC EXPECTATIONS SURVEY TO THE PANEL OF PRIVATE ANALYSTS - EEE (For its acronym in Spanish) - JUNE 2011 The Economic Expectations

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Natural Disasters 6 th Grade

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Natural Disasters 6 th Grade The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Climate Change in Mexico implications for the insurance and reinsurance market

Climate Change in Mexico implications for the insurance and reinsurance market Climate Change in Mexico implications for the insurance and reinsurance market Eberhard Faust Geo Risks Research Munich Reinsurance Company 1980 April 2008: Billion & Ten Billion Dollar Losses The costliest

More information

Verbos modales. In this class we look at modal verbs, which can be a tricky feature of English grammar.

Verbos modales. In this class we look at modal verbs, which can be a tricky feature of English grammar. Verbos modales In this class we look at modal verbs, which can be a tricky feature of English grammar. We use Modal verbs in English to show: Probability,Possibility, Capability, Permission, ObligaCon,

More information

Project Title: Implementing the Hydroclimatic Index in Short- and Long- Term Drought Forecasting within the Colorado River Basin

Project Title: Implementing the Hydroclimatic Index in Short- and Long- Term Drought Forecasting within the Colorado River Basin Final Report Project Title: Implementing the Hydroclimatic Index in Short- and Long- Term Drought Forecasting within the Colorado River Basin Project Period: 6/4/2007 through 8/31/2010 PI: Andrew W. Ellis

More information

What is FRIEND -Water?

What is FRIEND -Water? What is FRIEND -Water? Water W REGIMES FROM INTERNATIONAL EXPERIMENTAL AND NETWOR IS AN INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATIVE NETWORK OF EXPERTS THAT AIMS TO GENERATE NEW UNDERSTANDING ABOUT REGIONAL HYDROLOGY AND

More information

2015 Climate Review for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Odalys Martínez-Sánchez

2015 Climate Review for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Odalys Martínez-Sánchez 2015 Climate Review for Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Odalys Martínez-Sánchez 2015 can be described as a dry and hot year across Puerto Rico (PR) and the U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI). Below normal

More information

SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SIXTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Evaluating components of the water cycle. LAB: Experimenting with porosity and permeability.

More information

IGAD CLIMATE PREDICTION AND APPLICATION CENTRE

IGAD CLIMATE PREDICTION AND APPLICATION CENTRE IGAD CLIMATE PREDICTION AND APPLICATION CENTRE CLIMATE WATCH REF: ICPAC/CW/No.32 May 2016 EL NIÑO STATUS OVER EASTERN EQUATORIAL OCEAN REGION AND POTENTIAL IMPACTS OVER THE GREATER HORN OF FRICA DURING

More information

ENVIRONMENT: Collaborative Learning Environment

ENVIRONMENT: Collaborative Learning Environment Guía Integrada de Actividades Contexto de la estrategia de aprendizaje a desarrollar en el curso: The activity focuses on the Task Based Language Learning (TBLL). The task is used by the student in order

More information

Preannouncement ERA-Net IWRM-Net 2d joint Call for research proposals

Preannouncement ERA-Net IWRM-Net 2d joint Call for research proposals 18 June 2009 Preannouncement ERA-Net IWRM-Net 2d joint Call for research proposals IWRM-Net (towards a European wide exchange Network for integrating research efforts on Integrated Water Resources Management)

More information

Geography affects climate.

Geography affects climate. KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

More information

INTEGRATED NATIONAL ADAPTATION PILOT República de Colombia INAP

INTEGRATED NATIONAL ADAPTATION PILOT República de Colombia INAP INTEGRATED NATIONAL ADAPTATION PILOT INAP Ecosystem Based Adaptation High Mountain Ecosystems Angela Andrade Technical Coordinator INAP Klaus Schutze Páez Coordinator Comp B CLIMATE CHANGE IN COLOMBIA

More information

What is Drought? Why is Drought Important? NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MAY 2008

What is Drought? Why is Drought Important? NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MAY 2008 NATIONAL WEATHER SERVICE MAY 2008 What is Drought? Drought is a deficiency in precipitation over an extended period, usually a season or more, resulting in a water shortage causing adverse impacts on vegetation,

More information

Varieties of Governance: Effective Public Service Delivery Workshop September, 2011 Paris, France. Cecilia Llambi...

Varieties of Governance: Effective Public Service Delivery Workshop September, 2011 Paris, France. Cecilia Llambi... Varieties of Governance: Effective Public Service Delivery Workshop September, 2011 Paris, France Cecilia Llambi... Outline of presentation Main objectives and hypothesis of the research Educational governance

More information

ARIZONA-SONORA BORDER MASTER PLAN

ARIZONA-SONORA BORDER MASTER PLAN Introduction Travel between the State of Arizona in the United States and the State of Sonora in Mexico at the international border has increased over the last ten years. There are nine specific land ports

More information

Ask your child what he or she is learning to say in Spanish at school. Encourage your child to act as if he or she is your teacher.

Ask your child what he or she is learning to say in Spanish at school. Encourage your child to act as if he or she is your teacher. Welcome to Descubre el español con Santillana! This year, your child will be learning Spanish by exploring the culture of eight Spanish-speaking countries. Please join us as we travel through each of the

More information

Precipitation Monitoring Network:

Precipitation Monitoring Network: The Caribbean Drought and Precipitation Monitoring Network: Adrian R. Trotman Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology CARIWIN Regional Seminar 14-15 January, 2010 Georgetown, Guyana Why Plan

More information

Regional Economic Report July - September 2012

Regional Economic Report July - September 2012 Regional Economic Report July - September 2012 December 6, 2012 Outline I. Introduction II. Results July September 2012 A. Economic Activity B. Inflation C. Economic Outlook III. Final Considerations Introduction

More information

CropCast Daily Agri-Highlights Don Keeney Wednesday, June 22, 2016

CropCast Daily Agri-Highlights Don Keeney Wednesday, June 22, 2016 VHI Image Date: Jun 17, 2016 USA Corn Soybeans Vegetative Health Index Map and Crop Condition Tendency EUROPE Rapeseed BLACK SEA INDIA Soybeans Groundnuts CHINA Corn Soybeans ARGENTINA Corn Soybeans BRAZIL

More information

UNCLASSIFIED-PUBLIC UNCLASSIFIED-PUBLIC POSTING POSTING

UNCLASSIFIED-PUBLIC UNCLASSIFIED-PUBLIC POSTING POSTING UNCLASSIFIED-PUBLIC UNCLASSIFIED-PUBLIC POSTING POSTING T Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center (U) Scrutiny of Migrant Trafficking Follows Mass Grave Discovery Scope Note: This in the xth in a series

More information

President Larry Lucero General Coordinator Carlos Armando Portillo Abril

President Larry Lucero General Coordinator Carlos Armando Portillo Abril 1 COMISIÓN SONORA-ARIZONA ARIZONA MEXICO COMMISSION Honorary President Guillermo Padrés Elías Chair of the Board Janice K. Brewer Governor of Arizona governor of the state of sonora President José Joaquín

More information

BtoB MKT Trends. El Escenario Online. Luciana Sario. Gerente de Marketing IDC Latin America 2009 IDC W W W. I D C. C O M / G M S 1

BtoB MKT Trends. El Escenario Online. Luciana Sario. Gerente de Marketing IDC Latin America 2009 IDC W W W. I D C. C O M / G M S 1 BtoB MKT Trends El Escenario Online Luciana Sario Gerente de Marketing IDC Latin America 2009 IDC W W W. I D C. C O M / G M S 1 Audio Test Estamos haciendo un Audio Test y estoy hablando en este momento

More information

Adoption of an Interim 602(a) Storage Guideline. Final Environmental Assessment

Adoption of an Interim 602(a) Storage Guideline. Final Environmental Assessment Adoption of an Interim 602(a) Storage Guideline Final Environmental Assessment U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation March 2004 The mission of the Department of the Interior is to protect

More information

Control of a variety of structures and idioms; occasional errors may occur, but

Control of a variety of structures and idioms; occasional errors may occur, but AP SPANISH LANGUAGE 2012 PRESENTATIONAL WRITING SCORING GUIDELINES SCORE DESCRIPTION TASK COMPLETION TOPIC DEVELOPMENT LANGUAGE USE 5 Demonstrates excellence 4 Demonstrates command 3 Demonstrates competence

More information

LINIO COLOMBIA. Starting-Up & Leading E-Commerce. www.linio.com.co. Luca Ranaldi, CEO. Pedro Freire, VP Marketing and Business Development

LINIO COLOMBIA. Starting-Up & Leading E-Commerce. www.linio.com.co. Luca Ranaldi, CEO. Pedro Freire, VP Marketing and Business Development LINIO COLOMBIA Starting-Up & Leading E-Commerce Luca Ranaldi, CEO Pedro Freire, VP Marketing and Business Development 22 de Agosto 2013 www.linio.com.co QUÉ ES LINIO? Linio es la tienda online #1 en Colombia

More information

Drought Response Program: Draft Funding Criteria for Review and Comment

Drought Response Program: Draft Funding Criteria for Review and Comment Drought Response Program: Draft Funding Criteria for Review and Comment U.S. Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation WaterSMART Program February 2015 Summary In fiscal year (FY) 2015, the Bureau

More information

Texas Department of Public Safety Texas Division of Emergency Management. Texas State Operations Center

Texas Department of Public Safety Texas Division of Emergency Management. Texas State Operations Center Texas Department of Public Safety Texas Division of Emergency Management Texas State Operations Center Situation Awareness Brief Saturday, July 20 th 2013 As of 0900 CDT Tropical Weather Outlook For the

More information

Potential for Mobile Money Services in Peru. October, 2014

Potential for Mobile Money Services in Peru. October, 2014 Potential for Mobile Money Services in Peru October, 2014 About The GSMA s Mobile Money for the Unbanked unit commissioned InterMedia to conduct a qualitative study that identifies the key pain points

More information

Español Mundial Chapter 5 REVISION NOTES

Español Mundial Chapter 5 REVISION NOTES Español Mundial Chapter 5 REVISION NOTES 1. Position Words Delante de In front of Dentro de Inside Detrás de Behind Fuera de Outside Encima de On top of Cerca de Near to Debajo de Underneath Lejos de Far

More information

azmex.eller.arizona.edu

azmex.eller.arizona.edu The University of Arizona Eller College of Management Arizona- Economic Indicators Arizona s Trade and Competiveness in the U.S. Region Summary 215 Prepared by Economic and Business Research Center azmex.eller.arizona.edu

More information

FOURTH GRADE WEATHER

FOURTH GRADE WEATHER FOURTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different reservoirs of water. LAB: Experimenting with surface tension and capillary

More information

An Analysis of Siting Opportunities for Concentrating Solar Power Plants in the Southwestern United States

An Analysis of Siting Opportunities for Concentrating Solar Power Plants in the Southwestern United States An of Siting Opportunities for Concentrating Solar Power Plants in the Southwestern United States Mark S. Mehos National Renewable Energy Laboratory Golden, Colorado Phone: 303-384-7458 Email: mark_mehos@nrel.gov

More information

Application for World Wide Views on Climate and Energy Phoenix, AZ

Application for World Wide Views on Climate and Energy Phoenix, AZ Application for World Wide Views on Climate and Energy Phoenix, AZ Thank you for applying to be part of the Arizona deliberations for World Wide Views on Climate and Energy. To learn more about the global

More information

Local Steps Toward California s Watershed Program

Local Steps Toward California s Watershed Program Local Steps Toward California s Watershed Program Presented by Robert Meacher Plumas County Board of Supervisors Creating a Watershed Moment in a Watershed Movement Planning and Conservation League Legislative

More information

Landsat Monitoring our Earth s Condition for over 40 years

Landsat Monitoring our Earth s Condition for over 40 years Landsat Monitoring our Earth s Condition for over 40 years Thomas Cecere Land Remote Sensing Program USGS ISPRS:Earth Observing Data and Tools for Health Studies Arlington, VA August 28, 2013 U.S. Department

More information

Removing Language Barriers: Reaching Your Spanish Speaking Audience

Removing Language Barriers: Reaching Your Spanish Speaking Audience Removing Language Barriers: Reaching Your Spanish Speaking Audience Communications Tune Up Webinar Series MAXIMUS Center for Health Literacy Translation Services Group Mercedes Blanco Victoria Williams

More information

The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall. Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan

The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall. Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan The role of Earth Observation Satellites to observe rainfall Riko Oki National Space Development Agency of Japan Outline 1. Importance of rain measurement 2. TRMM and Its Achievements 3. Outline of GPM

More information

Analysis of the power production of a Wind farm with consumption associated for desaled water for agriculture, in Gran Canaria

Analysis of the power production of a Wind farm with consumption associated for desaled water for agriculture, in Gran Canaria Analysis of the power production of a Wind farm with consumption associated for desaled water for agriculture, in Gran Canaria A. Pulido, J.Lozano *, N. Angulo, J. Romero, L.Darias Dpto. de Ingeniería

More information

LEARNING MASTERS. Explore the Northeast

LEARNING MASTERS. Explore the Northeast LEARNING MASTERS Explore the Northeast Explore the Northeast BUILD BACKGROUND Reading Expeditions: Language, Literacy & Vocabulary Five Regions Map Use the information on page 4 of Explore the Northeast

More information

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand

Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Climate Change Impacts to the Water Environment: Thailand Wijarn Simachaya, Ph.D Pollution Control Department Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment http://www.pcd.go.th 1 Overview of Presentation

More information

July 2012 (1) States With Negative Growth 22 States With Positive Growth 25

July 2012 (1) States With Negative Growth 22 States With Positive Growth 25 Respondent Coverage: 100% July 2012 Current Month Current Month New England 9.5% Connecticut -3.3% Maine 3.6% Massachusetts 24.1% New Hampshire -0.1% Rhode Island 13.3% Vermont -0.3% Middle Atlantic -3.5%

More information

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate?

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? In Learning Set 2, you explored how water heats up more slowly than land and also cools off more slowly than land. Weather is caused by events in the atmosphere.

More information

Social Studies Grade 4 Unit 01:Texas Geography: Regions and Skills 2012-2013_Edited

Social Studies Grade 4 Unit 01:Texas Geography: Regions and Skills 2012-2013_Edited Name: Date: Teacher: Social Studies Grade 4 Unit 01:Texas Geography: Regions and Skills 2012-2013_Edited Instructions: The teacher should pace the assessment by reading the items orally as appropriate.

More information

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Review of possible impact on agricultural production in 2014/15 following the increased probability of occurrence

El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Review of possible impact on agricultural production in 2014/15 following the increased probability of occurrence El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO): Review of possible impact on agricultural production in 2014/15 following the increased probability of occurrence EL NIÑO Definition and historical episodes El Niño

More information

HPN Product Tools. Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.

HPN Product Tools. Copyright 2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P. The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. HPN Product Tools Requerimiento: Conozco el numero de parte (3Com,H3C,Procurve) Solución : El lookup Tool 1 Permite convertir el número de parte de un equipo proveniente de 3Com, H3C o Procurve para obtener

More information

Flood Risk Management in Mozambique and Sub-regional Trans-boundary Issues

Flood Risk Management in Mozambique and Sub-regional Trans-boundary Issues Flood Risk Management in Mozambique and Sub-regional Trans-boundary Issues UNFCCC regional expert meeting on loss and damage in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia from 13 to 15 June 2012 Ron Cadribo, UNISDR DRR Advisor,

More information

Central Coast CALIFORNIA MPA MONITORING PLAN

Central Coast CALIFORNIA MPA MONITORING PLAN Central Coast CALIFORNIA MPA MONITORING PLAN OCTOBER 2014 About this Document This document was developed to guide monitoring inside and outside of marine protected areas (MPAs) in California s Central

More information

Partnerships and Volunteers in Resource Protection and Restoration

Partnerships and Volunteers in Resource Protection and Restoration The purpose of the Department of the Interior (DOI) U.S.-Mexico Border Field Coordinating Committee (FCC) newsletter is to communicate relevant developments and other information that may be useful as

More information

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tools and Methods

Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tools and Methods Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment Tools and Methods Climate Finance Readiness Seminar Leif Kindberg Knowledge and Learning Manager, ARCC PRESENTATION OVERVIEW About ARCC Overview of Climate Change

More information

Explorando Oportunidades Juntos Juntos

Explorando Oportunidades Juntos Juntos Nelson H. Balido, Chairman and CEO Infocast - Houston November 2014 The Energy Council of the Americas (ECOTA) is the leading bi-national nonprofit organization comprised of public and private entities

More information

MIGRATION FACTS. Variable Impacts: State-level Analysis of the Slowdown in the Growth of Remittances to Mexico

MIGRATION FACTS. Variable Impacts: State-level Analysis of the Slowdown in the Growth of Remittances to Mexico The Migration Policy Institute is an independent, non-partisan, and non-profit think tank dedicated to the study of the movement of people worldwide. The institute provides analysis, development, and evaluation

More information

Measuring what we manage the importance of hydrological data to water resources management

Measuring what we manage the importance of hydrological data to water resources management doi:10.5194/piahs-366-80-2015 80 Hydrological Sciences and Water Security: Past, Present and Future (Proceedings of the 11th Kovacs Colloquium, Paris, France, June 2014). IAHS Publ. 366, 2015 Measuring

More information

Raul H. Solis, LMSW-A.P. McAllen, Texas 78504 (956) 381-2366, Business: rsolis@utpa.edu

Raul H. Solis, LMSW-A.P. McAllen, Texas 78504 (956) 381-2366, Business: rsolis@utpa.edu Raul H. Solis, LMSW-A.P. McAllen, Texas 78504 (956) 381-2366, Business: rsolis@utpa.edu Education 1972 B.A., Trinity University, San Antonio, Texas, Sociology and Art. 1972-1974 MSW, Our Lady of the Lake

More information