1 How is the World Bank harnessing Big Data for development? Isabelle Huynh Sr Operations Officer World Bank
2 How is the World Bank harnessing Big Data for development? Isabelle Huynh Sr Operations Officer
3 Un nuevo mondo digital By 2020, there will be 50 billion connected devices (according to Cisco)
4 3 pisos, 3 regiones The Middle East: how can we help urban mobility and climate change with Big Data in Cairo, Egypt? West Africa: how can Big Data help contain the Ebola epidemics that has struck Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone? Latin America: how Big Data can predict the impact on crime of infrastructure evolution in Bogota, Colombia?
5 Cómo empezó todo Cairo: Could AllAboard be replicated in Cairo with data from Vodafone, to help the City of Cairo improve traffic congestion and lower pollution? West Africa: Could big data help predict the virus spread, and therefore help inform the containment strategy? Bogota: Could big data from the transport system tell a story about variation of crime with urban infrastructure modifications?
6 Proyectos anteriores que inspiraron a nuestros equipos Cairo: inspired by the Data for Development (D4D) Challenge run by Orange in Côte d Ivoire West Africa: inspired by Telefonica Research work on the 2009 H1N1 outbreak in Mexico City Bogota : inspired by work done in Chicago, London, etc.
7 Diferentes líneas de tiempo Cairo December 2013 March 2014 West Africa March 2014 Present Bogota September 2014 June 2015
8 Los protagonistas Cairo: Vodafone IBM Research Ministry of Transportation City of Cairo German University in Cairo The World Bank West Africa: The international community (WHO, WEF, OCHA, ECOWAS, Global Pulse, CDC, DPKO, Gates Foundation, etc.) NGOs (Flowminder, etc.) GSMA The World Bank Bogota: Transmilenio BRT of Bogota DANE University of Chicago The World Bank
9 Las estrellas se alinearon en El Cairo Vodafone, a preeminent Mobile Network Operator (MNO) Egypt, was keen to release Call Data Records (CDRs) IBM Research, building on the algorithm developed last year in Abidjan, Côte d Ivoire, was keen to test its model with Egyptian data The Ministry of Transportation was preparing a new transport masterplan for the Great Cairo region, and understood that it could greatly benefit from the information derived from these big data analytics
10 Pero la cita se perdió However another part of the Government was less keen to innovate: the Ministry of ICT, the National Telecom Authority, and possibly the Ministry of Interior In substance Vodafone s CDRs could be analyzed but on the Egyptian territory only by Egyptian brains only IBM Research walked away
11 Hemos perdido la batalla en África After 6 months of great promises de occidente In spite of MNOs willing to help CDRs have not helped Perceived risks on privacy Source: Flowminder
12 pero no la guerra Post-crisis analysis will run historical CDRs to help understand the epidemics and people s behavior change. Internationally recognized data protection standards can be used to insure anonymization of the data. Let s start with a few MNOs: Telefonica, Orange, Vodafone, Telecom Italia
13 La investigación innovadora en Bogotá Can we quantify the relationship between crime and infrastructure? Can we predict crime as infrastructure evolves over time? Data: (i) land use (DANE), (ii) geocoded crime data (police), (iii) population data, and (iv) BRT data
14 y mas por venir Is public transport mobility data associated with neighborhoods crimes? How? How can this information complement network mobility data? To find out, Telefonica will provide aggregated and anonymized mobility data CDRs
15 En resumen Cairo: Source of data: CDRs Topics: Urban transportation Urban planning Pollution Public health West Africa: Source of data: CDRs Topics: Epidemics Public health Poverty Bogota: Source of data: BRT Land CDRs Topics: crime, infrastructure and BRT
16 Primeras lecciones sobre CDR What has blocked our efforts to effectively access CDRs? Limited awareness of decision makers MNOs uncertain of the monetization potential of CDRs Privacy and protection of citizens Political economy Cost
17 Luego perseverar How good are CDR-derived measures of income and inequality, and can governments systematically use them? Colombia Forecasting poverty and shared prosperity using CDRs Guatemala CDRs analytics for freight transport and logistics policy making Brazil Traffic monitoring via GPS-equipped taxi Mexico
18 Callejón sin salida? Even if we manage to have access to CDRs, what can they really do to inform public policy in near real time? Research is good and needed: statistics, open government data and big data analytics But this is not suited to informing project implementation or crisis management in real or near real time What about other private sector generated big data (financial transactions for instance): can we open them?
19 The New Deal on Data" o MIT Media Lab o WEF o Unicef Innovation Team o USAID o DataPop Alliance o Data Revolution for Sustainable Development: 1. Principals and standards 2. Technology, innovation and analysis 3. Capacity and resources 4. Governance and leadership
20 Construirlo en sus países también Global data literacy Twinning universities Fostering entrepreneurship Innovation ecosystem Targeting youth and women Investing in high performance computing Bringing together public and private forces Technology transfer
21 Un nuevo horizonte
22 Muchas Gracias Diciembre 05 de 2014 Isabelle Huynh
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