Is winning medals in international sport simply a matter of money?

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Is winning medals in international sport simply a matter of money?"

Transcription

1 Is winning medals in international sport simply a matter of money? An international comparison in 15 countries Why do some countries win more medals than others? How much do countries invest in elite sport? How can policy makers influence the success of their athletes? What makes an elite sport policy effective and efficient? How should we measure success? How do nations prioritize their elite sport investment decisions? What is the impact of success in international sports events on society as a whole? How can nations improve their medal count? These key questions about high performance sport policy will be answered at the first SPLISS Conference on Elite Sport Success: society boost or not? This conference takes place on Wednesday 13 & Thursday 14 November 2013 in Antwerp (Belgium), the European Capital of Sport for Almost 300 participants from all over the world will be attending this conference (including delgates from Brazil, the United States, New Zealand, Australia, Canada and many European countries). During this conference, the hot off the press results of the SPLISS (Sports Policy factors Leading to International Sporting Success) study will be presented, an international comparison in 16 countries. This extensive research project is a collaboration of 43 researchers and 33 policy partners worldwide, and involves over 3000 high performance athletes, 1300 coaches and more than 240 Performance directors. During the conference sport scientists, policy makers and other stakeholders will give evidence of best practices from all over the world. The conference will also deal with the OUTCOMES of elite sport: Why would countries invest in elite sport? Does elite sport or international success lead to increased participation in sport, a 'feel good' factor or national pride? Do elite sport events impact on society? Can cities benefit from small and big events? A critical discussion tackling these questions will open the debate on the value of elite sport. In addition to the elite sport policy content there will also be a separate strand of the conference for sports event organisers from municipalities. More information about the conference programme: Contact: Prof. Dr. Veerle De Bosscher, Vrije Universiteit Brussel & Utrecht University, Presentation(s) about the SPLISS results will be made available from November 12th by: Vrije Universiteit Brussel Sicco wittermans, TEL: (0) (0) Registration for the conference:

2 Teamwork! Since 2009 a research team from 15 countries has collaborated in an international comparative study on elite sport policies, called SPLISS 2.0. This was a follow up to the SPLISS 1.0 study in 2008 when the authors celebrated the publication of their book "The Global Sporting Arms Race". A consortium of researchers leads the project: project coordinator Veerle De Bosscher (Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium and Utrecht University, the Netherlands), Simon Shibli (Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom), Hans Westerbeek (Victoria University, Australia) and Maarten van Bottenburg (Utrecht University, the Netherlands). Shibli: It is hard to believe that a research project which started off as a small scale pilot study at the heart of Veerle de Bosscher's PhD thesis in 2007 would somehow develop into having its own international conference. Today we have sixteen nations from four continents taking part in SPLISS 2.0. We get regular requests for new countries to join the project, there is a demand for a Paralympic version of SPLISS, and there is probably a lifetime's work for somebody rolling out SPLISS on a sport- specific basis The Sports Policy factors Leading to International Sporting Success (SPLISS) have been compared in 15 countries(or 16 regions), including Australia, Brazil, Japan, Canada, Denmark, Estonia, France, Finland, the Netherlands, Northern Ireland (UK), Portugal, South Korea, Spain, Estonia and Flanders and Wallonia (Belgium). A total of 43 researchers and 33 policy organisations collaborated in the project. This joint initiative was possible thanks to financial support of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Topsport Vlaanderen (Belgium), NOC*NSF (the Netherlands), Ernst & Young (Belgium), contributions by each consortium team member and most significantly funding within nations from their various research institutes and policy organisations. The total project cost is estimated to be around 1.2 million euros. De Bosscher: I am proud that we have been able to realise such a massive project with only limited coordination funding (less than ) we are therefore grateful for the engagement of our very passionate research partners! Nine Pillars for an effective and efficient elite sport policy The study used a model of nine pillars that determine the effectiveness and efficiency of elite sport policies: (1) financial support, (2) structure and governance in elite sport, (3) sports participation, (4) talent identification and development, (5) (post) athletic career support, (6) training facilities, (7) coach education and support, (8) (inter)national competition and (9) scientific research and innovation. Its uniqueness lies in the involvement of the key stakeholders in elite sport, and the mix of measurement and qualitative evaluation. De Bosscher: This is one of the largest benchmark studies in elite sport policies ever pages of data collected on the characteristics of an efficient policy, show the depth of the project, comprehensive surveys have been translated into 12 languages involving over 3142 top level athletes, 1376 top coaches and 241 high performance directors worldwide.

3 More MONEY IN equals more MEDALS OUT One of the key discussion about elite sport competition is to what extent medals can be bought. The countries that invest most in elite sport (Korea, Japan, France, Australia and Canada, all with government/lottery funding over 100 million euros a year) are also the most successful nations in summer/winter sports. Appendix 1 illustrates this with a graph which shows that there is a clear relationship between money in and medals out. An interesting comment in this regard is that the competition has increased over time, because many countries have invested increasing amounts of money in elite sport, and more countries have developed a strategic planning process believing that success can be developed. As a consequence the return on investment has decreased for many nations or in other words medals have become even more expensive. In all of the sample nations, except from Denmark, Spain and Portugal, the governments (and lotteries) have increased their elite sport investments over the past four years. Only Japan and Brazil have also increased their medals from Beijing to London. Another interesting finding refers to the prioritization policies that many nations have made: rather than funding a wide range of elite sport disciplines, nations like Australia, Denmark, Canada, Belgium and more recently the Netherlands and the UK tend to target their scarce resources to only a few sports where they see a real chance of success at world level. Evidence from the SPLISS study was unable to confirm or deny that this strategy works: France for example- the most successful nation in the sample at summer sports and the nation that won medals in the highest number of sports has the most diverse approach, i.e. it funds the highest number of sports. Similarly Korea has been reasonably successful in the modern era and it too invests in many sports. By contrast Australia and Canada seem to be successful with a prioritisation or targeted- approach, whereby resources are invested in relatively few sports. The SPLISS study identifies that nations which invest more widely in terms of the number of sports funded tend to be successful in more sports. More efficiently organized countries perform better The countries that win more medals given the resources at their disposal can be described as efficient countries. Looking at Figures 1 and 2 (appendix), these are Australia, France, the Netherlands (and to a lesser extent Japan) for summer sports and Canada and the Netherlands for winter sports. Interestingly these countries apart from France- also have the best scores on Pillar 2: the organisation, structure and governance of elite sport. What these countries have in common is a strong national coordination of activities, with a clear decision making structure, strong involvement of athletes and coaches in the policy making process, full- time management staff in the national sport association (NSA), a high level of service oriented policy towards their National Governing Bodies (NGBs, also called federations/national Sport organisations in some countries) but with accountability principles, long- term policy planning and political recognition. The countries that generally have the best average ratings on all Pillars, are Australia (average 63%), Japan (62%), the Netherlands (58%), and Canada (57%). Improving nations' competitiveness?

4 The pillars that have lower ratings in most countries could be seen as the areas of investment in order to generate future success. In this regard, most countries have weak scores on Pillar 4 the talent identification (TID) and development (TD) pillar. No country has a very well developed rating. Ideally in future research this pillar needs to be analysed on a sport- specific basis as talents are usually recruited from the existing participation base within a sport. At a national level, NSA s have sought to take control over TID and TD processes through requirements for NGB funding and through the development of systems for an improved combination of training and education for athletes. Smaller countries (Switzerland, Denmark, Flanders (Belgium) and the Netherlands) have better ratings in this pillar. These better scores can be attributed to: NGB funding for talent development; long- term policy planning; well- developed monitoring systems; multi- dimensional support for young potentials; and most importantly their nationally coordinated systems for the combination of elite sport and study in secondary and higher education. It seems that larger countries in terms of geography or population such as Australia, France and Canada have in the past- taken a more relaxed approach to the development of Pillar 4. In an increasingly competitive environment, this relaxed approach to talent identification and development will not be sustainable in the long term which in turn will make the prospects of small countries (still) poorer. Pillar 9, scientific research and innovation, is another under- developed pillar. Much of this pillar is related to financial investments, but interestingly, not to wealth. Australia stands out as the country with the most coherent approach to scientific research amongst the sample nations, followed by Japan, Canada and to a lesser extent France. Sport science and innovation is an integrated part of the athlete development process in the national trainings centres, respectively in the Australian Institute of Sport; the Japanese Institute of Sport Science, and the network of seven Canadian Sport Centres that collaborate with NGBs. In these countries, coaches are more satisfied about the sufficiency and dissemination of research data specifically for their sport. Pillar 9 is still relatively under- developed (in descending order) in Denmark, Spain, Portugal, Northern- Ireland, Brazil and Wallonia, which are nations that all score below the sample average. The readiness of the future hosts of the Olympic Games? Rio De Janeiro 2016 and Tokyo 2020 It is a well- documented that countries hosting the Olympic Games have a home advantage and tend to win more medals. Nations like Australia (Sydney 2000), Greece (Athens 2004), China (Beijing 2008) and the United Kingdom (London 2012) all performed better during their home Games and in the edition before. They also had increased investment and a more strategic national policy approach to elite sport development. Of course, there are factors other than national policies by governments and national sport associations that determine international sporting success. Looking at the nine pillars for Brazil, and how elite athletes, coaches and performance directors have evaluated them, there is a strong belief that with an increasing national strategic approach to elite sport policy development, Brazil may do better in the medal tally. National government, lotteries and the Olympic Committee all together invest around 75 million euros on a yearly basis in elite sport. An estimation is made of another 65 million euros by the state companies (140 in total), although it is doubtful as to the extent the latter amount is genuinely nationally coordinated.

5 As can be seen in Figure 1, the only pillar (except from Pillar 1, funding) where Brazil has a score above the average of the other 15 countries (/regions) is Pillar 8: International competition. This is concerned with the organisation of international events and the participation of athletes in national and international competitions. The magnitude of the gaps between the scores for Brazil and the sample average are the greatest in Pillars 7 (coaches), 4 (talents) and 6 (facilities). If Brazil aspires to narrow the gap between itself and the other sample nations, the priority for investment should start with the three policy areas with the greatest gap. The fourth area, sport participation is a long- term development that also needs to be prioritised. Despite the potential that the country has, it seems that 2016 will be too early for Brazil to perform well and in line with previous host nations. The Olympic Games may give the country a boost towards longer term success, perhaps for Tokyo Japan and Brazil were the only countries of the sample that increased their total change in market share (i.e. proportion of gold, silver, bronze medals won) after increasing investments made by Japan performs far better than Brazil on the nine pillar scores. The total elite sport budget is also higher: 208 million euros, the second highest after South Korea. It has a relative strength in research and innovation, training facilities (mainly related to the national training centre in Tokyo, which since 2008 has provided cutting edge facilities and technologies, and in addition the 22 sport specific trainings centres), and (international) competition. If Japan takes a long- term view towards athletic development, by investing in quality sports participation and talent development, the country can expect to perform well when it hosts the Olympic Games in Figure 1: radar graph scores for Brazil against the sample averages

6 Figure 2: radar graph scores for Japan against the sample averages Information about the other countries The complete SPLISS results will be published in a book in mid More information will be available on

7 Figure 3: summer sports funding- medals relationship Elite sport expenditures (government, lotteries, national coordinated sponsorship) and success in the SPLISS nations at world championships and Olympic Games ( ) Figure 4: winter sports funding- medals relationship National elite sport expenditures (government, lotteries, national coordinated sponsorship) and success in the SPLISS nations at world champi onships and Olympic Games ( )

8

Differences in the Elite Sport Development Programmes that Lead to a Competitive Advantage

Differences in the Elite Sport Development Programmes that Lead to a Competitive Advantage Differences in the Elite Sport Development Programmes that Lead to a Competitive Advantage Sandalio Gómez López-Egea, IESE Business School University of Navarra, Spain, gomez@iese.edu Carlos Martí Sanchís,

More information

Strategic Plan 2013-2020

Strategic Plan 2013-2020 Strategic Plan 2013-2020 2 INTRODUCTION New Zealand is home to world-class athletes from a variety of sports. Our goal is to capitalise on our sporting tradition and create a high performance system that

More information

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research and

This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research and This article appeared in a journal published by Elsevier. The attached copy is furnished to the author for internal non-commercial research and education use, including for instruction at the authors institution

More information

SPORTS POLICY FACTORS LEADING TO INTERNATIONAL SPORTING SUCCESS Network for international comparative studies on high performance sport

SPORTS POLICY FACTORS LEADING TO INTERNATIONAL SPORTING SUCCESS Network for international comparative studies on high performance sport SPORTS POLICY FACTORS LEADING TO INTERNATIONAL SPORTING SUCCESS Network for international comparative studies on high performance sport ABOUT SPLISS Veerle De Bosscher, veerle.de.bosscher@vub.ac.be - Vrije

More information

Going for the Gold in the Cidade Maravilhosa: Who Will Win the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro?

Going for the Gold in the Cidade Maravilhosa: Who Will Win the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro? Going for the Gold in the Cidade Maravilhosa: Who Will Win the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro? by Camila F. Gonzales 1 Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth July, 2016 1 camila.falleiros.gonzales.tu16@tuck.dartmouth.edu

More information

Going for the Gold: Who Will Win the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing

Going for the Gold: Who Will Win the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing Going for the Gold: Who Will Win the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing by Andrew B. Bernard 1 Tuck School of Business at Dartmouth July, 2008 1 100 Tuck Hall, Tuck School of Business, Hanover, NH 03755 andrew.b.bernard@tuck.dartmouth.edu

More information

UK SPORT 2013-17 BUSINESS PLAN SUMMARY

UK SPORT 2013-17 BUSINESS PLAN SUMMARY UK SPORT 2013-17 BUSINESS PLAN SUMMARY We are delighted to present UK Sport s Business Plan which explains UK Sport s role and mission and what we plan to achieve in this next cycle as we build on the

More information

What Is the Total Public Spending on Education?

What Is the Total Public Spending on Education? What Is the Total Public Spending on Education? Indicator On average, OECD countries devote 12.9% of total public expenditure to, but values for individual countries range from less than 10% in the Czech

More information

Modelling Olympic performance Economic briefing paper

Modelling Olympic performance Economic briefing paper Modelling Olympic performance Economic briefing paper 108 US 98 China 52 Great Britain 25 Brazil Estimate of medal total at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games www.pwc.co.uk/economics-policy Executive summary As

More information

MANDATORY PROVIDENT FUND SCHEMES AUTHORITY

MANDATORY PROVIDENT FUND SCHEMES AUTHORITY Guidelines III.4 MANDATORY PROVIDENT FUND SCHEMES AUTHORITY III.4 Guidelines on Approved Exchanges INTRODUCTION Section 2 of the Mandatory Provident Fund Schemes (General) Regulation ( the Regulation )

More information

How Many Students Finish Tertiary Education?

How Many Students Finish Tertiary Education? Indicator How Many Students Finish Tertiary Education? Based on current patterns of graduation, it is estimated that an average of 46% of today s women and 31% of today s men in OECD countries will complete

More information

relating to household s disposable income. A Gini Coefficient of zero indicates

relating to household s disposable income. A Gini Coefficient of zero indicates Gini Coefficient The Gini Coefficient is a measure of income inequality which is based on data relating to household s disposable income. A Gini Coefficient of zero indicates perfect income equality, whereas

More information

SPORT POLICY EFFECTIVENESS IN DISABILITY SPORT (SPEDS)

SPORT POLICY EFFECTIVENESS IN DISABILITY SPORT (SPEDS) Project Proposal SPORT POLICY EFFECTIVENESS IN DISABILITY SPORT (SPEDS) A Four- Year International Comparative Research Project. Prof. Dr. Veerle De Bosscher Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Belgium) veerle.de.bosscher@vub.ac.be

More information

Health and welfare Humanities and arts Social sciences, bussiness and law. Ireland. Portugal. Denmark. Spain. New Zealand. Argentina 1.

Health and welfare Humanities and arts Social sciences, bussiness and law. Ireland. Portugal. Denmark. Spain. New Zealand. Argentina 1. Indicator to Which fields of education are students attracted? Women represent the majority of students and graduates in almost all OECD countries and largely dominate in the fields of education, health

More information

What Proportion of National Wealth Is Spent on Education?

What Proportion of National Wealth Is Spent on Education? Indicator What Proportion of National Wealth Is Spent on Education? In 2008, OECD countries spent 6.1% of their collective GDP on al institutions and this proportion exceeds 7.0% in Chile, Denmark, Iceland,

More information

Strategic Plan 2013-2016. Leading a strong, vibrant and growing sport

Strategic Plan 2013-2016. Leading a strong, vibrant and growing sport Strategic Plan 2013-2016 Leading a strong, vibrant and growing sport Message from the President and CEO Athletics Australia in consultation with its Member Associations and other key stakeholders has developed

More information

STRATEGIC PLAN 2015-2018

STRATEGIC PLAN 2015-2018 STRATEGIC PLAN 2015-2018 JUNE 2015 ALPINE CANADA ALPIN - STRATEGIC PLAN 2015-2018 PG 1 AT A GLANCE OUR VISION CANADA IS A WORLD LEADER IN ALPINE, PARA-ALPINE AND SKI CROSS RACING AMBITIONS SHORT TERM To

More information

Expenditure and Outputs in the Irish Health System: A Cross Country Comparison

Expenditure and Outputs in the Irish Health System: A Cross Country Comparison Expenditure and Outputs in the Irish Health System: A Cross Country Comparison Paul Redmond Overview This document analyzes expenditure and outputs in the Irish health system and compares Ireland to other

More information

Presentation of TEAM DANMARK (Danish Elite Sport Institution)

Presentation of TEAM DANMARK (Danish Elite Sport Institution) Presentation of TEAM DANMARK (Danish Elite Sport Institution) Michael Andersen Managing Director man@teamdanmark.dk 0045 51 26 60 62 Main subjects Organization of sport in Denmark Mission and primary objectives

More information

2018 IOC EVALUATION COMMISSION MEMBERS BIOGRAPHIES. Ms Gunilla LINDBERG - Commission Chair (SWE)

2018 IOC EVALUATION COMMISSION MEMBERS BIOGRAPHIES. Ms Gunilla LINDBERG - Commission Chair (SWE) 2018 IOC EVALUATION COMMISSION MEMBERS BIOGRAPHIES Ms Gunilla LINDBERG - Commission Chair (SWE) - IOC Vice-President (2004-2008) and Executive Board Member (2000-2004) - Association of National Olympic

More information

Developing a High Performance Programme in a Small Federation

Developing a High Performance Programme in a Small Federation Developing a High Performance Programme in a Small Federation Sporting Landscape Today s operating environment for the National Governing Body of a sport Rowing Ireland British Rowing Dansk Forening for

More information

Statistical Bulletin. National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013. Key Points. Summary. Introduction

Statistical Bulletin. National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013. Key Points. Summary. Introduction Statistical Bulletin National Life Tables, United Kingdom, 2011-2013 Coverage: UK Date: 25 September 2014 Geographical Area: Country Theme: Population Key Points A newborn baby boy could expect to live

More information

How many students study abroad and where do they go?

How many students study abroad and where do they go? From: Education at a Glance 2012 Highlights Access the complete publication at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag_highlights-2012-en How many students study abroad and where do they go? Please cite this chapter

More information

The Borderless Workforce 2011. Australia and New Zealand Research Results

The Borderless Workforce 2011. Australia and New Zealand Research Results The Borderless Workforce 2011 Australia and New Zealand Research Results Introduction Given the fact that neither Australia or New Zealand are facing problems, like high unemployment rates during the labour

More information

Go for. Gold. Become a champion and help defeat dementia this summer. I 0300 111 5555

Go for. Gold. Become a champion and help defeat dementia this summer. I 0300 111 5555 Become a champion and help defeat dementia this summer The Rio Olympic Games will bring us sporting heroes from across the globe. Take inspiration and become a fundraising hero this summer. From holding

More information

32 nd National Conference on Law & Higher Education

32 nd National Conference on Law & Higher Education 32 nd National Conference on Law & Higher Education Improving the Quality of Student Learning Improving the quality of student learning and the level of degree attainment through common degree requirements

More information

(OECD, 2012) Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools

(OECD, 2012) Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools (OECD, 2012) Equity and Quality in Education: Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools SPOTLIGHT REPORT: NETHERLANDS www.oecd.org/edu/equity This spotlight report draws upon the OECD report Equity

More information

Country note China. More than 255 million people in OECD and G20 countries have now attained tertiary education (Table A1.3a).

Country note China. More than 255 million people in OECD and G20 countries have now attained tertiary education (Table A1.3a). Education at a Glance 2011 OECD Indicators DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/eag-2011-en OECD 2011 Under embargo until 13 September, at 11:00 Paris time Education at a Glance 2011 Country note China Questions

More information

The international competition and the possibilities for Denmark to hang on in the elite sport global arms race

The international competition and the possibilities for Denmark to hang on in the elite sport global arms race The international competition and the possibilities for Denmark to hang on in the elite sport global arms race The Olympics in China The Price of the Medal Aarhus 3rd June 2008 Michael Andersen, Managing

More information

Foreign Taxes Paid and Foreign Source Income INTECH Global Income Managed Volatility Fund

Foreign Taxes Paid and Foreign Source Income INTECH Global Income Managed Volatility Fund Income INTECH Global Income Managed Volatility Fund Australia 0.0066 0.0375 Austria 0.0045 0.0014 Belgium 0.0461 0.0138 Bermuda 0.0000 0.0059 Canada 0.0919 0.0275 Cayman Islands 0.0000 0.0044 China 0.0000

More information

College & Career Readiness. A Camp to Enhance School Counseling December 13, 2013

College & Career Readiness. A Camp to Enhance School Counseling December 13, 2013 College & Career Readiness A Camp to Enhance School Counseling December 13, 2013 2 Topics 1. Important Financial Aspects 2. Why College Readiness? 3. Five Pillars of College & Career Readiness 4. College

More information

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA

IMMIGRATION TO CANADA NOTE: IMMIGRATION TO CANADA 1928-1971 RANK COUNTRY OF ORIGIN TOTALS 1 United Kingdom * 1152415 2 United States of America 527346 3 Italy 471940 4 Germany 370641 5 Netherlands 185664 6 Poland 117244 7 Greece

More information

The value of accredited certification

The value of accredited certification Certified Once Accepted Everywhere The value of accredited certification Survey Report Published May 212 In 21/11, the IAF carried out a global survey to capture market feedback on the value of certification.

More information

Fujitsu World Tour 2015. Human Centric Innovation. The Future of the Datacenter. Ayman Abouseif VP Product Marketing. 0 Copyright 2015 FUJITSU

Fujitsu World Tour 2015. Human Centric Innovation. The Future of the Datacenter. Ayman Abouseif VP Product Marketing. 0 Copyright 2015 FUJITSU Fujitsu World Tour 2015 The Future of the Datacenter Ayman Abouseif VP Product Marketing Human Centric Innovation 0 Copyright 2015 FUJITSU A hyperconnected world 1 Copyright 2015 FUJITSU A new business

More information

LIVING AND STUDYING IN TOULOUSE

LIVING AND STUDYING IN TOULOUSE LIVING AND STUDYING IN TOULOUSE With 450 000 inhabitants, Toulouse is the 4th largest city and the 2nd best place to live in France according to a recent poll. Known as the pink city for its ancient brick

More information

ADULT LEARNING, COMPETENCE AND ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP (Forum 3: measures to recognise and validate competencies and learning)

ADULT LEARNING, COMPETENCE AND ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP (Forum 3: measures to recognise and validate competencies and learning) ADULT LEARNING, COMPETENCE AND ACTIVE CITIZENSHIP (Forum 3: measures to recognise and validate competencies and learning) Dr. Patrick Werquin OECD D i r e c t o r a t e f o r E d u c a t i o n Finland

More information

PhD Education in Educational Sciences in Finland: Systematic Development of the Programmes

PhD Education in Educational Sciences in Finland: Systematic Development of the Programmes PhD Education in Educational Sciences in Finland: Systematic Development of the Programmes Jari Lavonen Department of Teacher Education, University of Helsinki, Finland Käyttäytymistieteellinen tiedekunta

More information

2012-20 CS Awards in Americas

2012-20 CS Awards in Americas 2012-20 CS Awards in Americas Brazil Excellence in Contact Center Bronze -The Art of Customer Relations Canada Customer Service Leader of the Year Customer Service Trainer of the Year Colombia Portafolio

More information

ROBERT WALTERS WHITEPAPER UNDERSTANDING EMPLOYEE BENEFITS IN THE MIDDLE EAST

ROBERT WALTERS WHITEPAPER UNDERSTANDING EMPLOYEE BENEFITS IN THE MIDDLE EAST ROBERT WALTERS WHITEPAPER UNDERSTANDING EMPLOYEE BENEFITS IN THE MIDDLE EAST INTRODUCTION A key attraction of working in the Middle East has always been the employee benefits packages on offer but how

More information

IFI 2011-2013 SPONSOR & PARTNER OPPORTUNITIES CELEBRATING 50 YEARS

IFI 2011-2013 SPONSOR & PARTNER OPPORTUNITIES CELEBRATING 50 YEARS IFI 2011-2013 SPONSOR & PARTNER OPPORTUNITIES CELEBRATING 50 YEARS IFI practice. The International Federation of Interior Architects/ Designers (IFI) is the global voice and authority for professionals

More information

Education at a Glance. OECD Indicators. Annex: UOE Data Collection Sources

Education at a Glance. OECD Indicators. Annex: UOE Data Collection Sources Education at a Glance OECD Indicators Annex: UOE Data Collection Sources UOE DATA COLLECTION National Sources 2013 UNESCO/OECD/EUROSTAT (UOE) data collection on education statistics. Australia: The Commonwealth

More information

On What Resources and Services Is Education Funding Spent?

On What Resources and Services Is Education Funding Spent? Indicator On What Resources and Services Is Education Funding Spent? In primary, secondary and post-secondary non-tertiary education combined, current accounts for an average of 92% of total spending in

More information

section four Athens 2004 Olympic Broadcast OLYMPIC BROADCAST ESTABLISHES GLOBAL VIEWING RECORDS

section four Athens 2004 Olympic Broadcast OLYMPIC BROADCAST ESTABLISHES GLOBAL VIEWING RECORDS 4 Athens 2004 Olympic Broadcast section four OLYMPIC BROADCAST ESTABLISHES GLOBAL VIEWING RECORDS he global broadcast of the Athens 2004 Olympic Games was the strongest in Olympic history, as record levels

More information

European Commission. Detailed typological description of different mechanisms and systems for the training of young athletes

European Commission. Detailed typological description of different mechanisms and systems for the training of young athletes European Commission Study on the training of young sportsmen and sportswomen in Europe Detailed typological description of different mechanisms and systems for the training of young athletes June 2007

More information

Major Events Engagement Fund Information Pack 2013/17. March 2015. Status: Final 13.3.2015 Author: Katie Legg

Major Events Engagement Fund Information Pack 2013/17. March 2015. Status: Final 13.3.2015 Author: Katie Legg Major Events Engagement Fund Information Pack 2013/17 March 2015 Major Events Engagement Fund Introduction Sport England and UK Sport are fully committed to ensuring that a long term legacy is associated

More information

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CANADA HAS THE BEST REPUTATION IN THE WORLD ACCORDING TO REPUTATION INSTITUTE

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CANADA HAS THE BEST REPUTATION IN THE WORLD ACCORDING TO REPUTATION INSTITUTE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CANADA HAS THE BEST REPUTATION IN THE WORLD ACCORDING TO REPUTATION INSTITUTE Study reveals interesting developments in countries reputations amidst the Euro crisis, the rise of Asia

More information

UK Sport Gold Event Series Investment Guide 2013-2019

UK Sport Gold Event Series Investment Guide 2013-2019 Gold Event Series Investment Guide 2013-2019 Introduction The guide outlines UK Sport s current approach to making investment decisions as part of its Gold Event Series. In the Guide we outline: > > The

More information

CURRENT TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES IN IMPROVING LABOUR MARKET INFORMATION AND SERVICE DELIVERY

CURRENT TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES IN IMPROVING LABOUR MARKET INFORMATION AND SERVICE DELIVERY CURRENT TRENDS AND PERSPECTIVES IN IMPROVING LABOUR MARKET INFORMATION AND SERVICE DELIVERY Translating Labour Market Information into Proactive Interventions on Job-Skill Matching Tagaytay City, Philippines

More information

Hong Kong s Health Spending 1989 to 2033

Hong Kong s Health Spending 1989 to 2033 Hong Kong s Health Spending 1989 to 2033 Gabriel M Leung School of Public Health The University of Hong Kong What are Domestic Health Accounts? Methodology used to determine a territory s health expenditure

More information

The wine market: evolution and trends

The wine market: evolution and trends The wine market: evolution and trends May 2014 1 Table of contents 1. WINE CONSUMPTION 3 2. TRENDS IN WORLD WINE TRADE IN 20 6 3. TOP WINE EXPORTERS IN 20 7 4. TOP WINE IMPORTERS IN 20 9 5. THE FIVE LARGEST

More information

TOWARDS PUBLIC PROCUREMENT KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS. Paulo Magina Public Sector Integrity Division

TOWARDS PUBLIC PROCUREMENT KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS. Paulo Magina Public Sector Integrity Division TOWARDS PUBLIC PROCUREMENT KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS Paulo Magina Public Sector Integrity Division 10 th Public Procurement Knowledge Exchange Platform Istanbul, May 2014 The Organization for Economic

More information

The rise of the cross-border transaction. Grant Thornton International Business Report 2013

The rise of the cross-border transaction. Grant Thornton International Business Report 2013 The rise of the cross-border transaction Grant Thornton International Business Report 2013 Foreword MIKE HUGHES GLOBAL SERVICE LINE LEADER MERGERS & ACQUISITIONS GRANT THORNTON INTERNATIONAL LTD When reflecting

More information

Chile. Czech Republic

Chile. Czech Republic FIVE FAMILY FACTS AUSTRALIA... 2 AUSTRIA... 2 BELGIUM... 3 CANADA... 3 CHILE... 4 CZECH REPUBLIC... 4 DENMARK... 5 ESTONIA... 5 FINLAND... 6 FRANCE... 6 GERMANY... 7 GREECE... 7 HUNGARY... 8 ICELAND...

More information

Full professor and 6 assistant professors of IT A new school in IT Cameroon

Full professor and 6 assistant professors of IT A new school in IT Cameroon We are pleased to present our selection of the academic vacancies at Computeroxy.com - your academic website exclusively dedicated to careers in schools of computer, electrical and mathematical sciences

More information

PRINCIPLES FOR EVALUATION OF DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE

PRINCIPLES FOR EVALUATION OF DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE PRINCIPLES FOR EVALUATION OF DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE COMMITTEE PARIS, 1991 DAC Principles for Evaluation of Development Assistance Development Assistance Committee Abstract: The following

More information

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50.

41 T Korea, Rep. 52.3. 42 T Netherlands 51.4. 43 T Japan 51.1. 44 E Bulgaria 51.1. 45 T Argentina 50.8. 46 T Czech Republic 50.4. 47 T Greece 50. Overall Results Climate Change Performance Index 2012 Table 1 Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 1* Rank Country Score** Partial Score Tendency Trend Level Policy 21 - Egypt***

More information

Delegation in human resource management

Delegation in human resource management From: Government at a Glance 2009 Access the complete publication at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264075061-en Delegation in human resource management Please cite this chapter as: OECD (2009), Delegation

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT EUROPE 2020 TARGET: TERTIARY EDUCATION ATTAINMENT Low tertiary or equivalent education attainment levels create skills bottlenecks in knowledgeintensive economic sectors and hamper productivity, innovation

More information

An Australian Approach to School Design

An Australian Approach to School Design Please cite this paper as: Robinson, L. and T. Robinson (2009), An Australian Approach to School Design, CELE Exchange, Centre for Effective Learning Environments, 2009/03, OECD Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/224575265838

More information

Entrepreneur of the Year The Global Entrepreneur Network

Entrepreneur of the Year The Global Entrepreneur Network Trade and Development Board Investment, Enterprise and Development Commission Multi-year expert meeting on enterprise development policies and capacity-building in science, technology and innovation Geneva,

More information

Survey on Strategic Human Resource Management

Survey on Strategic Human Resource Management Survey on Strategic Human Resource Management in Central Governments of OECD countries (2010) Preliminary Results Paris, 07 November 2011 Cornelia Lercher Main focus: Background and Aim of the Survey Scope

More information

Waiting times and other barriers to health care access

Waiting times and other barriers to health care access Dr. Frank Niehaus Wissenschaftliches Institut der PKV (Scientific Research Institute of the Association of German Private Health Insurers) Waiting times and other barriers to health care access 31.8 %

More information

THINK Global: Risk and return

THINK Global: Risk and return Changing context of real estate returns in a globalised world Data generating art This document is solely for the use of professionals and is not for general public distribution. Using data from Fig.1

More information

FIVB WORLD LEAGUE PREVIEWS WEEK 1 JUNE 17-19, 2016

FIVB WORLD LEAGUE PREVIEWS WEEK 1 JUNE 17-19, 2016 Pool A2: Netherlands Slovakia (17 June) Netherlands and Slovakia will meet for the first time in the World League. These nations most recently clashed in a competitive match at the 2007 European Championship,

More information

Facts and figures: International

Facts and figures: International Universities Scotland Facts and figures: International Public information briefing 13 Introduction Every aspect of Scotland s universities has an international dimension whether it s the recruitment of

More information

Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality i

Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality i Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality i Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries: Assessing Generosity and Gender Equality 1 Parental Leave Policies in 21 Countries:

More information

AMP Graduate Program 2017: Global Distribution & Business Management

AMP Graduate Program 2017: Global Distribution & Business Management AMP Graduate Program 2017: Global Distribution & Business Management The AMP Promise The AMP Promise is Helping people own tomorrow, which means delivering the right balance of security and performance.

More information

THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF PURCHASING AND SUPPLY MANAGEMENT. Your global network of procurement professionals

THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF PURCHASING AND SUPPLY MANAGEMENT. Your global network of procurement professionals THE INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF PURCHASING AND SUPPLY MANAGEMENT Your global network of procurement professionals A Global Network Do you want to reach a market of 250,000 procurement professionals internationally?

More information

Reporting practices for domestic and total debt securities

Reporting practices for domestic and total debt securities Last updated: 4 September 2015 Reporting practices for domestic and total debt securities While the BIS debt securities statistics are in principle harmonised with the recommendations in the Handbook on

More information

Coaching Scotland 2011-2015 A framework for sports coaching in Scotland

Coaching Scotland 2011-2015 A framework for sports coaching in Scotland Coaching Scotland 2011-2015 A framework for sports coaching in Scotland Introduction Welcome to Coaching Scotland 2011-2015 a framework for sports coaching in Scotland. This framework builds upon our previous

More information

OECD review of the secondary school modernisation programme in Portugal

OECD review of the secondary school modernisation programme in Portugal ISSN 2072-7925 OECD review of the secondary school modernisation programme in Portugal CELE Exchange 2010/1 OECD 2010 OECD review of the secondary school modernisation programme in Portugal By Alastair

More information

Certification of Electronic Health Record systems (EHR s)

Certification of Electronic Health Record systems (EHR s) Certification of Electronic Health Record systems (EHR s) The European Inventory of Quality Criteria Georges J.E. DE MOOR, M.D., Ph.D. EUROREC EuroRec The «European Institute for Health Records» A not-for-profit

More information

Higher education institutions as places to integrate individual lifelong learning strategies

Higher education institutions as places to integrate individual lifelong learning strategies Higher education institutions as places to integrate individual lifelong learning strategies Andrzej Krasniewski Warsaw University of Technology Bologna Expert QUALIFICATIONS FRAMEWORKS AS INSTRUMENTS

More information

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments

Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments January 20, 2015 ShadEcEurope31_January2015.doc Size and Development of the Shadow Economy of 31 European and 5 other OECD Countries from 2003 to 2015: Different Developments by Friedrich Schneider *)

More information

Lawson Talent Management

Lawson Talent Management Lawson Talent Imagine Knowing: Which employees have the highest potential how to recruit more talent like them. Imagine Understanding: Which employees are a flight risk how your compensation plans could

More information

Trends in Digitally-Enabled Trade in Services. by Maria Borga and Jennifer Koncz-Bruner

Trends in Digitally-Enabled Trade in Services. by Maria Borga and Jennifer Koncz-Bruner Trends in Digitally-Enabled Trade in Services by Maria Borga and Jennifer Koncz-Bruner Digitally-enabled are those for which digital information and communications technologies (ICT) play an important

More information

International comparisons of obesity prevalence

International comparisons of obesity prevalence International comparisons of obesity prevalence June 2009 International Comparisons of Obesity Prevalence Executive Summary Obesity prevalence among adults and children has been increasing in most developed

More information

Global Pricing Study 2011: "Weak pricing cuts profits by 25%" Short summary

Global Pricing Study 2011: Weak pricing cuts profits by 25% Short summary Global Pricing Study 2011: "Weak pricing cuts profits by 25%" Short summary August 2011 Bonn Office Haydnstr. 36, 53115 Bonn, Germany Tel.: +49 228 9843-351, fax: +49 228 9843-380 e-mail: bonn@simon-kucher.com

More information

PUBLIC & PRIVATE HEALTH CARE IN CANADA

PUBLIC & PRIVATE HEALTH CARE IN CANADA PUBLIC & PRIVATE HEALTH CARE IN CANADA by Norma Kozhaya, Ph.D. Economist, Montreal Economic Institute before the Canadian Pension & Benefits Institute Winnipeg - June 15, 2007 Possible private contribution

More information

SPONSORSHIP 2016. 27th ANNUAL WORLD CONGRESS REGIONAL NETWORKING EVENTS. The world s premier networking event for Cyber Security leaders

SPONSORSHIP 2016. 27th ANNUAL WORLD CONGRESS REGIONAL NETWORKING EVENTS. The world s premier networking event for Cyber Security leaders SPONSORSHIP 2016 27th ANNUAL WORLD CONGRESS 22 25 October, Berlin, Germany REGIONAL NETWORKING EVENTS Over 50 meetings worldwide including UK, Germany, Benelux, the Nordics, USA, Canada, the Middle East

More information

OECD. Indicators of Education Systems

OECD. Indicators of Education Systems OECD Indicators of Education Systems Message from the OECD Secretary-General The challenges faced by 21st century economies and societies are daunting: addressing the human and social consequences of an

More information

Consumer Credit Worldwide at year end 2012

Consumer Credit Worldwide at year end 2012 Consumer Credit Worldwide at year end 2012 Introduction For the fifth consecutive year, Crédit Agricole Consumer Finance has published the Consumer Credit Overview, its yearly report on the international

More information

Working Holiday Maker visa programme report

Working Holiday Maker visa programme report Working Holiday Maker visa programme report 30 June 2015 This page is left blank intentionally. Table of Contents About this report 1 Enquiries 1 Definition of terms 2 Background to the Working Holiday

More information

Science to Data Science. Experiences from the S2DS 2014 programme. pivigo. academy

Science to Data Science. Experiences from the S2DS 2014 programme. pivigo. academy Science to Data Science Experiences from the S2DS 2014 programme pivigo academy Why the need for S2DS The incoming 2014 S2DS cohort The use of data in advanced applications will revolutionise our lives.

More information

Good practice of dissemination and exploitation results in Latvia

Good practice of dissemination and exploitation results in Latvia Good practice of dissemination and exploitation results in Latvia Dr.phys. Gunta Šlihta Vice-director, Institute of Physical Energetics Rīga, / 03 / 03 Methods of transfer of project results in the Baltic

More information

Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues. Johan Fall, Anders Ydstedt March, 2010

Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues. Johan Fall, Anders Ydstedt March, 2010 Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues Johan Fall, Anders Ydstedt March, 2010 Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues 1 Ownership transfer Critical Tax Issues INTRODUCTION In tough economic times family

More information

Working Holiday Maker visa programme report. 31 December 2014

Working Holiday Maker visa programme report. 31 December 2014 Working Holiday Maker visa programme report 31 December 2014 Contents Page About this report 1 Enquiries 1 Definition of terms 2 Background to the Working Holiday Maker programme 3 Recent developments

More information

Global Sports Impact Project

Global Sports Impact Project Global Sports Impact Project Presenting Partners GLOBAL SPORTS INDEX PROJECT 1 HOSTING WORLD CLASS EVENTS BRINGING WORLD C UK Sport s World Class Events Programme currently distributes around 3.5 million

More information

Naci Balkan Department of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering University of Essex, UK

Naci Balkan Department of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering University of Essex, UK Novel Gain Materials and Devices Based on III N V compounds COST Action: MP0805 http://www.essex.ac.uk/dces/cost_mp805/index.html Naci Balkan Department of Computer Science and Electronic Engineering University

More information

Guidelines for Applicants: Advanced Training Course

Guidelines for Applicants: Advanced Training Course Emerging Security Challenges Division Guidelines for Applicants: Advanced Training Course Introduction The NATO (SPS) seeks to enhance cooperation and dialogue with all partners through civil science and

More information

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON Science and Technology, the key to Europe s future: guidelines for future European policy to support research COM(353)2004 DG Research, European Commission,

More information

GLOBAL EDUCATION PROGRAM

GLOBAL EDUCATION PROGRAM GLOBAL EDUCATION PROGRAM RUSSIAN GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED SCHOLARSHIP PROGRAM THAT OFFERS RUSSIAN CITIZENS AN OPPORTUNITY TO STUDY AT LEADING FOREIGN UNIVERSITIES КSENIA IVANENKO REGULATIONS: ABOUT GEP http://educationglobal.ru/o_programme/

More information

Tble Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team. Open Qualification Group A. 1st Round 2nd Round 3rd Round

Tble Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team Home Team Visiting Team. Open Qualification Group A. 1st Round 2nd Round 3rd Round Open Qualification Group A 14th WORLD BRIDGE GAMES OPEN SERIES Group A 1 Netherlands Mexico Chile Netherlands Netherlands Denmark 2 Saudi Arabia Bosnia & Hrzna Switzerland Jordan Spain Germany 3 Korea

More information

- 2 - Chart 2. Annual percent change in hourly compensation costs in manufacturing and exchange rates, 2010-2011

- 2 - Chart 2. Annual percent change in hourly compensation costs in manufacturing and exchange rates, 2010-2011 For release 10:00 a.m. (EST) Wednesday, December 19, 2012 USDL-12-2460 Technical Information: (202) 691-5654 ilchelp@bls.gov www.bls.gov/ilc Media Contact: (202) 691-5902 PressOffice@bls.gov INTERNATIONAL

More information

24/12/1969 sergiosantos.tri@gmail.com Married / 2 children (+351)963032195/ sergio-f-santos

24/12/1969 sergiosantos.tri@gmail.com Married / 2 children (+351)963032195/ sergio-f-santos Sérgio Figueiredo dos Santos Rio Maior, Portugal 24/12/1969 sergiosantos.tri@gmail.com Married / 2 children (+351)963032195/ sergio-f-santos 176cm/66kg @sergiosantos Academic Curriculum Sérgio Santos 5

More information

International Students' Attitudes to Postgraduate Study in Australia and New Zealand Survey 2013

International Students' Attitudes to Postgraduate Study in Australia and New Zealand Survey 2013 International Students' Attitudes to Postgraduate Study in Australia and New Zealand Survey 2013 Introduction Working with StudyOptions, our survey aimed to find out potential postgraduate students' attitudes

More information

Among the 34 OECD countries, Belgium performed above the OECD average in each of

Among the 34 OECD countries, Belgium performed above the OECD average in each of BELGIUM ***Note- Some results for Belgium published today (3 December 2013) in the PISA 2012 international reports are in need of revision due to a technical error. An erratum is available from the PISA

More information

Fostering Entrepreneurship among young people through education: a EU perspective. Simone Baldassarri Unit Entrepreneurship

Fostering Entrepreneurship among young people through education: a EU perspective. Simone Baldassarri Unit Entrepreneurship Fostering Entrepreneurship among young people through education: a EU perspective Simone Baldassarri Unit Entrepreneurship Definition of Entrepreneurship Entrepreneurship refers to an individual s ability

More information

Transfer issues and directions for reform: Australian transfer policy in comparative perspective

Transfer issues and directions for reform: Australian transfer policy in comparative perspective Transfer issues and directions for reform: Australian transfer policy in comparative perspective Peter Whiteford, Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales p.whiteford@unsw.edu.au 1

More information