1 13-15 October, 2014 Bangkok, Thailand
2 CONTENTS Introduction Policy guidance at the ministerial level in Myanmar Railway Vision of National Transport Development Plan (Rail Sector) Rail Sector Strategic Policies and Objectives Asian and ASEAN Highway Network in Myanmar Trans-Asian Railway Network in Myanmar Railway Line of International Importance in Myanmar Railway links to the neighboring countries Dry Ports of international importance in Myanmar Regional Cooperation of Myanma Railways Current situation of Myanma Railways Conclusion
3 Introduction The transport services in the Republic of the Union of Myanmar consist of four modes:- Railways Road Water Air Railways transport services in monopolized by state own transport enterprise
4 Brief History The first railway line in Myanmar, between Yangon and Pyay, 161 miles apart, was opened on 1 st of May After 137 years, Myanma Railways is still serving its duty of transport for Myanmar people. 4
5 Located at the cross roads between East and West, North and South of Asia continent as a natural link between the Asian countries. Land-bridge connecting Southeast Asia and South Asia as well as with China. Potential to be a regional hub offering its geographical advantages to neighboring countries to make maximum use. Beneficial transport linkages across the region. Actively participating in the international cooperation. Trying to upgrade and develop transport with her own resources and with an inter agreements with neighboring countries
6 Transport sector in Myanmar is concerned with the following Government Ministries and Committees:- The Ministry of Construction for construction and maintenance of national roads and bridges The Ministry of Rail Transportation for land and rail transport The Ministry of Transport for maritime and air transport The Ministry of Home Affair for Traffic Police Force The Ministry of Border Affairs for construction of roads and bridges in border areas Yangon and Mandalay City Development Committees construction, maintenance and development of urban transport
7 National Transport Development Plan Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) is providing the implementation of National Transport Master Plan. Now it is going to be submitted to the government. Railway Vision of National Transport Development Plan (Rail Sector) 7
8 Rail Sector Strategic Policies and Objectives RWY-01 RWY-02 RWY-03 RWY-04 RWY-05 RWY-06 RWY-07 RWY-08 RWY-09 RWY-10 To develop effective asset management measures and mechanisms to fully utilize the existing the existing assets; To rehabilitate the existing rail infrastructure and associated systems along the designated development corridors and to/from major transport nodes to a higher standard; To develop all-weather and disaster-free trunk rail network and services along the designated development corridors; To reduce the number of rail accidents to the level of advanced countries as soon as possible; To introduce environmentally-friendly technology in the rail infrastructure and rail transport industry; To increase participation of the private sector in developing rail and rail-related infrastructure and businesses such as ICD development and operation and rail-based freight forwarding business To improve MR s business performance, focusing on the freight transport services To be prepared for early introduction of High speed Railway(HSR) Passenger Service; To encourage and promote business and industrial activities along the rail corridor that are resulted in stable demand of both passenger and freight; and To reduce operational and management costs by streamlining the institutions, the number of staffs, etc. 8
9 Asian Highway Route Map - 32 Member Countries Km
10 Asian Highway Network in Myanmar (a) AH 1 - Myawaddy - Payagyi (Bago) - Meikhtila - Mandalay- Tamu(1650 km) (b) AH 2 - Tachileik - KyaingTong - Meikhtila (807 km) (c) AH 3 - Mongla - KyaingTong (93 km) (d) AH 14 - Muse - Lashio - Mandalay (453 km) (e) Total length (3003 km)
11 Total length 4534 km.
12 Current status of Asian and ASEAN highway in Myanmar
13 The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network entered into force in July 2005 and Myanmar had already signed. Ongoing project of Asian Highway in Myanmar as follows:- Upgrading of Myawaddy-Kawkareik road (AH1) Upgrading of Kawkareik-Eindu road (AH1) Upgrading of Kalewa-Tamu road (AH1, AH2) Upgrading of Yagyi-Kalewa road (AH1, AH2) New border link Maesot Myawaddy between Myanmar and Thailand (AH1)
15 Trans-Asian Railway Network Mandalay-Yangon Mandalay-Lashio [ Muse (border station and break of gauge)-rueli(china)] Kalay-[ Tamu (border station and break of gauge)-jiribam (India)] Bago-Thanpyuzayat [Three Pagoda Pass- Namtok (Thailand)] Thanpyuzayat-Ye Yangon (maritime connection) Thanphyuzayat Namtok
16 Railway Lines of International Importance in Myanmar Existing lines Mandalay-Yangon = 617 km Mandalay-Lashio = 313 km Mandalay-Kalay = 539 km Bago-Thanbyuzayat-Dawei = 520 km Missing lines Kalay-Tamu = km** Lashio-Rueli = km** Thanbyuzayat-Three Pagoda Pass = 110 km** ** The route lengths of missing lines are referred from feasibility reports
17 Missing link between Myanmar and India * Comparison of transport between Yangon & New Delhi Without Project With Project Transit time 22 days 9 days per TEU cost 2000 USD 800 USD * Conducted by RITES Ltd * The scope of the study New rail link (i) Jiribam-Moreh (219 kms) India (ii) Tamu-Kalay (127.4 kms) Myanmar Rehabilitation of existing line Kalay-Mandalay (513 kms) Myanmar * The construction cost of the project # Tamu-Kalay mil USD. (new line) # Kalay-Mandalay 162 mil USD. (Rehabilitation) * Freight Demand Forecast 2.48 mil tons in * The Financial Analysis Jiribam-Moreh (-) 1.7% Tamu-Kalay (-) 1.2% Combined (-) 1.3% Under optimistic scenario, FIRR could improve to (-) 0.6%
18 Missing link between Myanmar and China Joint Survey of MR and CREC: conducted in 2011 July to September. Memorundem of Understanding signed 2 nd December 2011, 1 st Extention in 2013 July Feasibility Study Report submitted by CREC in 2012 April. * Route Description length (ballast track mile + ballast less track mile, Total ( 540 miles) 79 stations, 409 nos of bridges, 101 nos. of tunnels, Standard gauge (60kg/m rail continous welded track Single line Maximum speed ( kmph.)
19 Missing link between Myanmar and Thailand * Conducted by KOICA * The scope of the study # Thanbyuzayat-Three Pagoda Pass (110 km) (Myanmar) # Three Pagoda Pass-NamTok ( 153 km) (Thailand) * The construction cost for Myanmar side mil USD. Originally, in the Singapore-Kunming Rail Link, Myanmar involves in the missing line of Thanbyuzayat- Three Pagoda Pass that must be connected to Namtok, Thailand. At present, Dawei - Kanchanaburi is considered to be new spur line instead of old line Three Pagoda Pass - Namtok.
20 Regarding the signing of the TAR Agreement, what we feel is that we have technical and financial constraints to upgrade the existing railway line in conformity with the guiding principles for technical character eristic of TAR network. Actually moving dimensions, axle-load, signaling and operating conditions are very poor and too far from the specification of TAR standards. Though the whole network is necessary to be reconstructed, it is not within our reach at the moment due to our economical constraints. That is the main reason why we cannot sign the Intergovernmental Agreement for TAR. Myanma Railways needs sufficient time and large amount of financial supports to upgrade the whole railway network.
21 DRY PORTS OF INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANT IN MYANMAR Myanmar proposed eight potential locations for dry ports in Myanmar at the meeting of Ad hoc Intergovernmental Meeting on an Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Port held in Bangkok during 20 to 22 June 2012 and signed the Intergovernmental Agreement on Dry Ports at the Forum of Asian Ministers of Transport held in Bangkok, Thailand on November 7, The potential dry port locations in Myanmar are in Yangon, Mandalay, Tamu, Muse, Mawlamyine, Bago, Monywa and Pyay. They would be along the Asian Highway and Trans-Asia Railways Line in Myanmar s transport network. The dry ports in Mandalay and Yangon are to be primarily implemented. There will be the international tender process for towards construction and the operation of dry port at Ywathagyi (Yangon) and Myitnge (Mandalay) in August
22 Myanma Railways plans to develop a new potential dry port in the area of Ywarthargyi in Yangon Division. Ywarthargyi Thilawa SEZ
23 Myanma Railways plans to develop a new potential dry port in the area of Myitnge in Mandalay Division. Myitnge
24 Regional Cooperation of Myanma Railways Myanmar is now conducting the process related to the "Memorandum of Understanding for the Establishment of the Greater Mekong Railway Association" to be signed at the 19 th GMS Ministerial Meeting which will be held in Vientiane, Lao PDR on 10 th and 11 st December In order to implement the ASEAN Transport Action Plan (ATAP), Myanmar signed the protocol (6): Railway Border and Interchanging Stations under the ASEAN Frame Work Agreement on the Facilitation of Goods in Transit in December 2011, and then "Myanmar has sent the Instrument of Ratification for the Protocol (6) to the ASEAN Secretariat in Jakarta on February 3 rd 2014."
25 Current Situation of Myanma Railways
26 Organization Employees Chart Sanctioned Employees setup Actual employees as on April,2013 Actual employees as on March,2014 Officers Others 31,622 20,101 19,880 Total 32,053 20,434 20,206 26
27 Traffic Volume Passenger Traffic In Million Classification No. of Passenger Main Suburban Total Passenger/Day Passenger Mile 3, , , , , ,
28 Traffic Volume Freight Traffic In Million Classification Ton Carried Ton/Day Ton Miles Average Lead Miles/Ton
29 Type Steam Locomotive Diesel Locomotive Rolling Stocks Locomotive Fleet (a) Diesel Electric (b)dieselhydraulic Diesel Loco Total Grand Total Existing Japanese DHL Locomotives of 40 Nos. 29
30 Rolling Stocks Type Rail Bus Fleet LRBE/ DIB (Local) DMU (Local) DRC (Local) RBE (Japan) Total
31 Rolling Stocks Coaches and Wagons Fleet Passenger Coaches Freight Wagons
32 (c) Myanma Railways' Network MYANMA RAILWAYS Total Route Length 5, kms. Single Track 5, kms.(88.23%) Double Track kms. (11.76%) Bridges 11,818 Nos Tunnels 12 Nos Railway Stations 946 Nos 32
33 Railways Service Myanma Railways operate an average of 443 trains per day. 198 inter-city passenger trains, 215 suburban trains and 30 freight trains. The number of trains by type is as follows:- Train Type Nos of Train per day As on March, 2014 Passenger Trains Express 42 Mail & Others 66 Mixed 60 Rail Bus 30 Total 198 Yangon Suburban Trains 215 Freight Trains 30 Total Trains 443
34 Proposed Projects in Myanma Railways (1 st Myanmar Development Cooperation Forum) (18 th -19 th January 2013 ) Myitkyina Tamu Kalay Mandalay Pyay Bago Yangon Dawei 34
35 Proposed Projects in Myanma Railway (2 nd Myanmar Development Cooperation Forum) (27 th 28 th January 2014) Srl. Project Title Estimated Cost US $ (in Millions) 11 Technical Training and Research Center 5 Grant + Technical Assistance 12 Remanufacturing of 30 Nos. Diesel Electric Locomotives 13 Locomotive Overhauling by Unit Exchange System 14 Extension of Insein Locomotive Depot for Yangon Circular Train 15 Replacement of Bogie and Modification for Old Aged Diesel Hydraulic Locomotives (20 Nos.) 16 Rehabilitation of the Old Aged Diesel Hydraulic Locomotives (10 Nos.) Type of Assistance Project Period Location to Grant to Grant + Technical Assistance to Grant to Grant to Grant to Upgrading the (50) Nos. of Rail Bus Engine (RBE) 2 Grant + Technical Assistance 18 Upgrading and Modernization of Carriage and Wagon Repair Workshop to Grant to Insein Locomotive Workshop, Yangon Region Insein Locomotive Workshop, Yangon Region Insein Locomotive Workshop, Yangon Region Ywataung Locomotive Workshop, Sagaing Region Insein Locomotive Depot, Yangon Region Ywataung Locomotive Workshop, Sagaing Region Ywataung Locomotive Workshop, Sagaing Region Rail Bus Engine Heavy Repair Workshop, Yangon Region Myitnge Carriage & Wagon Workshop, Mandalay Region
36 Srl. Project Title Estimated Cost US $(in Millions) 19 Upgrading of Signaling System of Yangon Circular Railway Line Type of Assistance Project Period 10 Grant Yangon region Location 20 Improvement of Signaling & Telecommunication System on Mandalay-Myitkyina Railway Line 21 Switch and Turnout Production Unit 30 Grant Mandalay region,sagaing region and Kachin State 5 Grant Yangon region or Mandalay region 22 Geo-engineering Assistance in Pakokku-Gangaw-Kalay Rail Line 2 Grant Magwe region, Sagaing region and Chin State Total 129.5
37 On going Projects by External Assistance Yangon-Mandalay Railway Improvement Project Phase I(I) by Japan ODA Loan. The Project on Improvement of Service & Safety of Railway in Myanmar by Japan s Technical Cooperation Program. The Project for Installation of Operation Control Center System and Safety Equipment by Japan s Grant Aid Yangon Circular Railway Line Upgrading Project (Pre-feasibility) by Japan s Grant Aid Procurement of Rolling Stocks, spare parts, Machines and accessories and Equipment for 3 major workshops by Indian Loan Establishment of New Locomotive Workshop and New Carriages & Wagon Workshop by China Loan
38 Activities for Railway Container Transport There will be so many processes, huge investment and a long time would be needed to establish the Dry Port Railway container transport has to be considered as first step of Dry ports. Myanma Railways made a workshop in February, 2014 with officials and stakeholders from Ministries concerned and organizations, associations. Based on the outputs of the workshop, Myanma Railways has made conceptual plan for Railway container transport along the Yangon-Mandalay Railway Trunk Line.
39 Myanmar would like to request UNESCAP to Provide the following purposes:- To provide fully feasibility studies for Yangon, Mandalay Dry Ports. To provide the prefeasibility study for other 6 potential Dry Ports places. (Tamu, Muse, Mawlamyine, Bago, Monywa, Pyay) To Provide the consulting service on the project of Yangon- Mandalay Railway Line Containerization. To conduct the Capacity Building Training. To arrange the study visit to famous Dry Ports in the region.
40 Conclusion Economic, Political and social transformation. Plans to develop the transportation sector. Expecting for more cooperation and integration. Local and oversea for better transportation services to improve.