hare the World! Jane Cammack CULTURE AND CLIL TO DISCOVER THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING WORLD A1-A2 Common European Framework Focus on the Exam CLIL lessons

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1 STRUMENTI PER L INSEGNANTE Teacher s Book with Tests A STRUMENTI DI BASE Libro di civiltà Audio CD Jane Cammack Share the World! è un testo di cultura e civiltà inglese per la Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado che insegna agli studenti a condividere esperienze attraverso la lingua inglese. Gli argomenti prendono in considerazione le tre aree geografico-culturali in cui è diviso il mondo anglosassone: le isole britanniche, gli Stati Uniti e English-speaking countries. Focus on the Exam: in tutte le sezioni pagine di attività preparatorie all Esame finale (questionnaire, open dialogue, speaking, letter writing, dialogue writing, summary). Towards CLIL: pagine di CLIL su argomenti di History, Art, Geography, Science, Music, Citizenship. Share the World! Le attività guidano gradualmente lo studente alla produzione orale e scritta e sviluppano la competenza comunicativa. Listening: i testi principali sono registrati e inseriti nel CD audio per lo studente (su file MP3) per aiutarlo nella pronuncia e nelle attività di ascolto. Pearson Digital System È il sistema aperto di prodotti e servizi per l attività didattica, che parte dal libro di testo e ne amplifica le potenzialità formative grazie alla tecnologia digitale. DIGILIBRO Il materiale on-line del libro misto secondo le disposizioni di legge Quest opera, secondo le disposizioni di legge, ha forma mista cartacea e digitale, è parzialmente disponibile in Internet e rimarrà immutata, nella sua parte cartacea, per il periodo di tempo indicato dalle normative. Per la durata di vita dell edizione saranno periodicamente resi disponibili materiali di aggiornamento. Jane Cammack Le parti dell opera disponibili on-line sono: ulteriori letture di civiltà per esercitazioni supplementari. Per accedere ai materiali, collegarsi al sito etext La versione on-line scaricabile da Internet Quest opera è in vendita anche nella versione on-line scaricabile da Internet, particolarmente utile per chi possieda un ebook reader. Per l acquisto rivolgersi al sito CULTURE AND CLIL TO DISCOVER THE ENGLISH-SPEAKING WORLD Tutte le informazioni sulle estensioni digitali del libro su: Jane Cammack Share the World! A_cop_Share_World.indd 1 Questo volume, sprovvisto del talloncino a fronte (o opportunamente punzonato o altrimenti contrassegnato) è da considerarsi copia di SAGGIO-CAMPIONE GRATUITO fuori campo I.V.A. (D.P.R , n. 633, art. 2, comma 3, lett. d). Vendita e altri atti di disposizione vietati: art. 17, c. 2 e 4, L.633/ A1-A2 Common European Framework 8 97 L opera è composta da: Libro di civiltà CD audio ed è venduta al prezzo complessivo di hare the World! Focus on the Exam CLIL lessons 9,50 02/12/11 11:50

2 hare the Jane Cammack World!

3 A Editorial director: Anna Fresco Publishing manager: Anna Martinello Publisher and project coordinator: Maria Teresa Pierini Picture research: Melania Macchi, Laura Urbani Quality controller: Marina Ferrarese Design and page layout: Softdesign, Turin Front cover design: Tatiana Fragni All rights reserved. 2012, Pearson Italia, Milano-Torino Every effort has been made to trace the copyright holders of text extracts, quotes, and image, map and photo reproductions included in this work. Untraced copyright holders should contact the publisher, who should also be notified of any unintended omissions and / or attribution errors. No part of this publication may be reproduced, including for educational purposes, in any form or by any means, without prior permission. Photocopies for the reader s personal use can be carried out within the 15% limit of each volume on payment to SIAE for the amount stipulated by article 68 commas 4 and 5 of the law passed on 22 nd April 1941 number 633, and the agreements stipulated by SIAE with the associations of the category concerned on 18 th December Reproductions destined for different usage other than for personal use can be carried out for not more than 15% of the number of pages contained in the present volume only after obtaining specific authorization from AIDRO. All requests for such authorization should be forwarded to AIDRO, c.so di Porta Romana 108, Milan, website Printed in Italy by Rotolito Lombarda, Pioltello (MI) Reprint Year Illustrated by Daniele Gianni, Luca Tible, Elisa Vallarino & Mauro Sacco. Maps: Elvezio Tiboni, Studio Lauti, Bologna. 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Louie (tl); p42 Classix (tr); p46 Georgios Kollidas (c); p47 pamspix (cr); p48 Doctor_Bass (tr); p58 duncan1890 (cl); p59 Peter Zelei (tr); p59 KieselUndStein (cr); p61 Nitil Sanil (tl); p62 S. Cramp; p66 Irina Yun (t); p67 Robert Churchill (t); p78 C. McGuire (tr); p80 Classix (tr); p83 John Woodcock; p88 Beboy_Ltd; p89 Jet Chen Tan (tl); Library of Congress: p26 LC-USZ (tr); p27 LC-USZ (tl); p30 LC-DIG-ppmsca (cr); p30 LC-USZ (bl); p43 LC-DIG-highsm (tl); LC-B (cl); p53 LC-USZ (tr); PhotoDisc: p17 (6; 7; 8); p30 (t); p47 (boomerang); p49 (cr); p50; p60 (bl); p65 (cl); p67 (c); Pixelio: p8 Augustine (cl); p34 Alexandra Bucurestu (b); p35 Alexandra Bucurestu (tr); p47 Reinhard Grieg (cl); p58 Dieter Schütz (tl); p66 Ulla Trampert (bl); p66 Ulla Trampert (c); p66 R.B. (cr); Shutterstock: p54 Steve Estranik (c); p82 ben bryant (tr); Stock.xchng: p9 thebaglady (tc); p27 Jill Fromer (tr); p28 L. Cattel (tl); p29 Brandom Keim (cl); Archivio iconografico Pearson Italia: p21 (t); p68. Cover photographs: ICP; Robert Churchill/iStockphoto; Steve Estvanik/ Shutterstock. Table of contents A Bridge to the World 4 Great Britain Geography, Parliament, Climate 6 Houses in Great Britain Cottages, Houseboats, Oast Houses, A Nation of Gardeners 8 What do British people eat? Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner, Afternoon Tea, Yorkshire Pudding, Jamie s School Dinners 10 Focus on the Exam 12 Education in Great Britain Teachers, Public School, Uniform, A Typical School Day 14 Sports in Great Britain 16 Festivals in Great Britain Harvest Festival, Hallowe en, Guy Fawkes and the Gunpowder Plot, Christmas, Pancake Day, Comic Relief Day, Easter, May Day 18 Focus on the Exam 22 The United States of America Geography, Natural Wonders, Government 24 The Native Americans The First Americans, The Iroquois, The Pueblos, The Plains Indians 26 New York, New York Hilly Island, The Statue of Liberty, City of Culture 28 San Francisco History, The Golden Gate Bridge, Cable Cars, Alcatraz 30

4 I Have a Dream Martin Luther King, Barack Obama, The Melting Pot 32 Hollywood and the Oscars Tinseltown, The Hollywood Sign, The Oscars, The Hollywood Walk of Fame, And the Winner is 34 Focus on the Exam 36 Education in the USA Higher Education, A School Day, Teaching with Computers 38 Sports in the USA 40 Festivals in the USA Independence Day, Thanksgiving, Mardi Gras in New Orleans 42 Focus on the Exam 44 Australia A Unique Country, History, Aborigines, Uluru - Ayers Rock, The Outback, Ancient Australian Animals 46 Focus on the Exam 50 Canada The Land, History, The Commonwealth of Nations, Maple, Mounties, The Calgary Stampede, The Winter Olympics 52 Focus on the Exam 56 India Geography and History, The British Empire, Hinduism, The Caste System, Gandhi, The Greatest Palace, Flora and Fauna, Mumbai, Bollywood 58 Focus on the Exam 62 New Zealand An Isolated Land, History, Maoris, Summer Christmas, The Flora and Fauna of New Zealand, Filming in New Zealand 64 Focus on the Exam 68 Festivals around the World Diwali, St Patrick s Day, Victoria Day, Henley-on-Todd Regatta 70 Focus on the Exam 72 Towards CLIL Science - The Five Senses 74 Science and Physical Education - Diet and Exercise 76 Music - Jazz 78 History - The Commonwealth of Nations 80 Art - MOMA 82 Science - Clouds and the Earth s Atmosphere 84 Geography - Reading a Geographical Map 86 Geography - Volcanoes 88 Citizenship - What makes a Good Citizen? 90 Glossary 92

5 A Bridge to the World Come with us. There s so much to enjoy! The world speaks English, but why? The spelling is difficult. The pronunciation is impossible! Why does a quarter of the world speak English? The answer is simple. The British Empire takes this language to every continent. English is the language of the United Nations and the European Union. It is the international lingua franca for air and sea travel, business and the Internet. It is the language of sports competitions and pop music. This language is a bridge to the world. English-speaking countries In every corner of the globe there are Englishspeaking countries. They speak English with a different accent. They drink tea and play cricket and they have the British monarch as head of state. We want to look at these countries and introduce you to their culture. 1. Britain We all recognise London when we see the famous clocktower Big Ben, the River Thames and Tower Bridge, but we want to tell you about some unusual British houses. We can learn about the food of this country and what schools are like there. Many sports started in Britain and they are now popular in India, Australia and New Zealand. 2. The USA Fly with us across the Atlantic to the United States of America. Here we can learn about the natural wonders and read about famous landmarks like the Statue of Liberty in New York. We can see the cable cars in San Francisco and read about Barack Obama, the first African American President. 3. Canada Then we travel north to Canada. It s a big country. It has 6 time zones! We can learn about the native people the Inuit, and visit cities where people speak French. Canadians love the Maple Tree. The Maple Leaf is the national flag of Canada and Canadians put maple syrup on their pancakes! 4. India 90 million people speak English in India. We can read about Gandhi, a political and spiritual leader of India, and look at the Taj Mahal, the famous white marble palace. 5. New Zealand There are two islands in the South Pacific where there is a famous rugby team the All Blacks. The landscape of New Zealand is beautiful. Film directors love it for its natural beauty. 6. Australia Let s travel to the other side of the world to a land that is a country, an island and a continent. You can recognise this country when you see the Sydney Opera House, or Australia s strange and unique fauna. Festivals around the world People all over the world love festivals. St Patrick s Day is an Irish festival, but it s popular in the US and Australia. Hallowe en is an ancient celtic festival, but it s very popular in the US and people celebrate Diwali, the Hindu festival of lights, all over the world. 4 four

6 A. The Taj Mahal. B. Sydney Opera House. C. Tower Bridge. D. Maple Trees in autumn. E. The Statue of Liberty. F. The All Blacks performing the haka. 1 Leggi il testo A Bridge to the World e abbina il paese (1-6) alla foto che lo rappresenta (A-F). Words you need bridge ponte cricket cricket, uno sport inglese head of state capo di Stato recognise riconoscere clocktower campanile landmark punto di riferimento maple acero landscape paesaggio strange strano fi v e 5

7 Great Britain Geography 02 Great Britain is a large island. It is an island made up of three countries: England, Wales and Scotland. The United Kingdom (UK) is Great Britain and Northern Ireland. London is the capital of England, Great Britain pital ital of o Scotland and the UK. Edinburgh is the capital es. es and Cardiff is the capital of Wales. Sometimes people say Britain me e and not Great Britain. The name Britain comes from Britannia and goes back to Roman times. Great Britain is surrounded by seas on all sides. The North Sea and the English Channel separate it from the European continent. It is 1,000 kilometres from north to south and 500 kilometres at the wide part of Britain. No town or village is more than 120 kilometres from the sea. The mountains in Britain are not very high. Ben Nevis in Scotland is 1,350 metres high and Snowdon in Wales is 1,100 metres high. The mountains in the north of Scotland are called the Highlands and British people call the Pennine Chain, that runs down the middle of England, The Backbone of England. There are many rivers in Great Britain. The Thames is an important river. It flows through London and into the North Sea. The River Severn is 354 kilometres long. 6 People speak English all over Britain, but in Wales many people also speak Welsh. In Scotland some people speak Gaelic. The British currency is sterling. There are 100 pennies in one pound. The flag of the UK is called The Union Jack. It is a union of the crosses of St George (England), St Andrew (Scotland) and St Patrick (Ireland). six

8 Parliament Parliament is made up of three parts. The Queen The House of Lords The House of Commons The Queen Britain has a Constitutional Monarchy. The Queen rules symbolically. Parliament passes laws in her name. The House of Lords Some Lords have inherited family titles and some have titles because of their work. The main job of the House of Lords is to check new laws. The House of Commons The British people elect Members of Parliament (MPs) to the House of Commons at a general election. The leader of the government is called the Prime Minister Ascolta e leggi il testo Geography e poi rispondi alle domande. 1 How many countries are there in Great Britain? 2 What is the capital of Scotland? 3 How high is Ben Nevis? 4 What do British people call the Pennine Chain? 5 What river flows through London? 6 What language do many people speak in Wales? Climate The British weather is mild and temperate. It is never very hot and it is never very cold. It is windy, rainy, damp and variable. 2 Rispondi alle domande sul tuo paese. 1 What is the capital city? 2 Are there mountains? 3 Which rivers do you know? 4 Do people speak other languages? 5 What is your flag like? 6 What is the weather like in your country? sunny cloudy rainy foggy snowy cold cool hot warm windy 3 Leggi il testo Parliament e parla con un compagno. There are three parts that make up Parliament in Britain. What are they? What is the Queen s role? What is the main job of the House of Lords? Who is the leader of the government? seven 7

9 Houses in Great Britain 03 Most houses in Great Britain are made of stone or brick. The colours of the stone vary across the country. The stone in Edinburgh is grey and the Cotswold stone near Oxford is a warm sandy colour. Britain has many types of houses and lots are very old. Walking down a street in Britain you can go past Victorian, Georgian, Tudor and modern houses mixed together. In large cities people live in apartments that are called flats. Flats usually have 2 or 3 bedrooms and a communal garden. In most towns there are streets of houses in long rows that are called terraced houses. They usually have two floors, but some that are called town houses have four floors. They have a basement, a raised ground floor, a first floor and an attic. They sometimes have small walled gardens. British houses do not often have balconies. Semi-detached houses are popular in Britain. This is when two houses are joined together, each with their own front door, garden and garage. Detached houses are separate from other houses and have gardens that go right round the house. 8 eight 1 03 Ascolta e leggi i testi Houses in Great Britain e poi abbina la descrizione delle case (1-7) al proprio nome (a-g). 1 An apartment a semi-detached house 2 An independent house b oast house 3 A house joined by one wall c flat 4 A house joined by two walls d houseboat 5 A house with a straw roof e terraced house 6 A house on the water f detached house 7 A house with a pyramid roof g cottage

10 03 Cottages Britain is famous for its cottages. They are small houses in the countryside and some have thatched roofs. These are roofs of straw and people replace the thatch every 12 years. Old cottages have small, low rooms and fireplaces and are very cosy in winter. Many cottages have beautiful gardens. 03 Houseboats Some people in Britain live on houseboats on rivers or canals and in London there is an area of canals, called Little Venice, where there are lots of these homes. The houseboats are painted in bright colours and often have a terrace with plants and flowers. 03 Oast Houses Visitors to Britain often do not know what these strange pyramid shaped houses are. They are farm buildings used for drying hops, the essential ingredient for making beer. The oast houses have three or four storeys where the hops are dried. Today farmers do not use oast houses for this kind of work. Many oast houses are homes. A Nation of Gardeners British people love their gardens. They look after their lawns and sweet smelling and colourful plants and flowers. Many gardens have a pond and some have a kitchen garden where they grow herbs and vegetables. Lots of people have a patio with a table and chairs, but because the weather is so bad, they can t eat in the garden very often. 2 Rispondi alle domande. 1 What are houses in Britain made of? 2 What houses have thatched roofs? 3 Can you find cottages in cities? 4 Where can you find houseboats in London? 5 What can you find in an English garden? 6 Why can t English people eat in the garden very often? Words you need brick mixed together row joined together straw cosy storey lawn 3 Descrivi la tua casa. mattone mescolato insieme fila unito paglia accogliente piano prato How many bedrooms are there? Have you got a large sitting room? Is there a cellar or an attic (mansarda)? How many bathrooms are there? What is your bedroom like? Do you eat in your kitchen? Have you got a garden? nine 9

11 What do British people eat? 04 Traditional British food is based on beef, lamb, pork, chicken and fish. They serve this with potatoes and other vegetables. Typical foods include the sandwich, fish and chips, pies like the Cornish Pasty and Trifle. Some main dishes have strange names like Bubble and Squeak and Toad in the Hole. Cornish Pasty It is a pie that comes from Cornwall. The original pies are for farmers working in the fields. They are half savoury and half sweet. The farmers eat the meat and vegetable half first and then the sweet part. Trifle This is a dessert made with sponge, fresh fruit, jelly, custard and cream. Bubble and Squeak This is a meal made with everything left from a previous meal. Meat, mashed potatoes and vegetables. 04 Breakfast Most people around the world think a typical British breakfast consists of eggs, bacon and sausages. Nowadays a typical breakfast is a bowl of cereal, a slice of toast, orange juice and a cup of tea or coffee. In winter people eat porridge. This is boiled oats. 04 Lunch Many children at school and adults at work have a packed lunch. This is usually sandwiches, some crisps, some fruit and a drink. They put the packed lunch in a plastic container. On Sundays the main meal of the day is at midday. It is usually a roast lunch with Yorkshire Pudding, roast potatoes, vegetables and gravy Ascolta e leggi i testi What do British people eat? e sottolinea le informazioni sbagliate nelle frasi seguenti. 1 Traditional British food is based on beef, lamb, pork, kitchen and fish. 2 Trifle is a dessert made with sponge, fresh fruit, jelly, custard and bechamel. 3 Nowadays a typical breakfast is a bowl of cereal, a slice of bread, orange juice and a cup of hot chocolate. 4 A packed lunch is usually sandwiches, some crisps, some cheese and a drink. 5 Sunday lunch is usually Yorkshire Pudding, roast bananas, vegetables and gravy. 6 The British eat a lot of potatoes and tomatoes in many different ways. 2 Completa la tabella con le informazioni mancanti. Typical meals Breakfast Lunch Dinner A bowl of, a slice of, orange, tea or. In winter people eat. Sandwiches, some, some, a drink. On Sundays there is a roast lunch with Yorkshire, roast, and gravy. Meat and veg. Italian food, food and food. 10 ten

12 Afternoon Tea 04 Dinner A typical British meal is meat and two veg. One of the vegetables is usually potatoes. The British eat a lot of potatoes in many different ways. Nowadays people in Britain have an international diet. They often have Italian food one night, Thai food another night and British people s favourite food is Indian. British people have afternoon tea at around 4 o clock. It can be a small meal and not just a drink. It consists of a pot of tea with freshly baked scones. You eat the scones with thick cream and strawberry jam. Sometimes people eat thinly sliced cucumber sandwiches. In Britain people drink tea with milk and sometimes sugar. JAMIE S SCHOOL DINNERS Yorkshire Pudding This is not a dessert, but is part of the main course. It is made from flour, eggs and milk and it is baked in the oven. People eat Yorkshire Pudding with roast beef and hot gravy. Lunches at school in Britain are called school dinners, but the young chef Jamie Oliver doesn t think they are very healthy. Children eat lots of chips and junk food and they don t eat fresh vegetables. Jamie has a television programme where he goes into the kitchens of a school in Greenwich in London and shows the cooks how to improve meals at school. He buys fresh natural ingredients and prepares pasta and Indian food for the children. He uses fresh herbs and he doesn t fry everything. Because of this programme, things are changing. Children can choose between a hot and a cold meal and they cost about Words you need savoury salato sponge pan di Spagna custard crema pasticcera oats fiocchi di avena gravy salsa main course portata principale healthy salutare junk food cibo spazzatura 3 Rispondi alle domande. 1 What do British people have at around 4 o clock? 2 How do people drink tea in Britain? 3 Who is Jamie Oliver? 4 What does he prepare for children at school? 4 Parla con un compagno. What do you have for breakfast, lunch and dinner? Do you have lunch at school? What do you have? Do you have a healthy diet? Why / Why not? eleven 11

13 Great Britain Focus on the Exam Questionnaire 1 Leggi il testo Geography a p. 6 e rispondi alle domande. 1 Which countries make up Great Britain? 2 What is the capital of England, Great Britain and the United Kingdom? 3 How many kilometres is Great Britain from north to south? 4 How high is Mount Snowdon? 5 How long is the River Severn? 6 What language do people speak in Britain? 7 What second language do people speak in Scotland? 8 What currency is there in Britain? 9 How many pennies are there in one pound? 10 What is the flag of the United Kingdom called? Open dialogue 2 Una ragazza inglese sta parlando della sua casa. Completa la conversazione con le domande mancanti. Fai riferimento al testo Houses in Great Britain alle pp A: 1? B: Yes, I do live in Britain. A: 2? B: Yes, there are a lot of old houses in Britain. A: 3? B: No, I don t live in a flat. I live in a detached house. A: 4? B: A detached house is separate from other houses. A: 5? B: Yes, I have got a garden, but my friend Emily hasn t. A: 6? B: No, she doesn t live in a flat. She lives on a houseboat. A: 7? B: Emily s houseboat is on the river. A: 8? B: Yes, it has. Emily s houseboat has got a terrace with plants and flowers. Letter writing 3 Scrivi una lettera a un amico/un amica. Fai delle domande sulla sua casa. Fai riferimento alle pp Usa parole tue e segui le seguenti tracce. Do you live in an apartment, a terraced, semi-detached or detached house? Have you got a garden? Have you got a garage or a balcony? Do you live in the town or in the country? 12 twelve

14 Dialogue writing 4 Scrivi la conversazione tra Luna e Richard. Segui le istruzioni. I testi What do British people eat? di pp ti possono aiutare. Luna: Chiede che cosa prende per prima colazione. Richard: Risponde che di solito prende i cereali e un succo d arancia. Chiede a Luna che cosa mangia. Luna: Risponde che prende una fetta di pane tostato e una tazza di tè. Chiede se porta il packed lunch a scuola. Richard: Risponde di sì. Porta il packed lunch a scuola dal lunedì al venerdì. Luna: Chiede che cosa mangia per pranzo. Richard: Risponde che prende un sandwich, un pacchetto di patatine e una bevanda. Luna: Chiede se prende l afternoon tea alle 4. Richard: Risponde di sì. Beve un tè con uno scone alla panna e marmellata di fragole. Luna: Chiede che cosa mangia per cena. Richard: Risponde che di solito mangia carne e verdure. Luna: Chiede se mangia roast beef, Yorkshire Pudding e hot gravy la domenica a pranzo. Richard: Risponde di sì. Sono molto buoni. Summary 5 Prepara un breve riassunto su che cosa mangiano gli abitanti del Regno Unito. Fornisci le seguenti informazioni. What British people have for breakfast, lunch and dinner. What British people have for Sunday lunch. Listening 6 03 Ascolta i testi Houses in Great Britain e scegli l alternativa corretta A, B o C. 1 Most houses in Britain are made of A wood. B stone or brick. C bamboo. 2 In large cities people live in A flats. B detached houses. C cottages. 3 Which houses are popular in Britain? A Terraced houses. B Semi-detached houses. C Detached houses. 4 Old cottages have A open, plan rooms. B big, high rooms. C small, low rooms. 5 Oast houses are A square. B long. C pyramid shaped. thirteen 13

15 Education in Great Britain 05 In Britain education is compulsory from the age of 5 to % of children in England and Wales go to state schools. They are non-fee-paying. Parents only buy their children pens and pencils and a school uniform. Parents don t buy books or exercise books. Primary school starts with Year 1 and finishes with Year 6. At the age of 11, pupils can choose to go to their local Secondary school or take an exam to enter a Grammar school. Grammar schools are very academic and selective. Secondary school starts with Year 7 and finishes with Year 11 when pupils are 16. They study English, Maths, Science, Information and Technology (IT), History, Geography, Music, Art, Physical Education (PE), Religious Education (RE) and a modern foreign language, like French or German. British schoolchildren take tests in each subject at the ages of 7, 11, 14, and at 16 they take GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education). They don t write their names on the exam papers. The pupils have a candidate number and the school sends the papers to an Exam Board, who correct them. Pupils rarely have to repeat a year. It is very unusual. Many pupils stay at school until 18 in Year 12 and Year 13 and then they take A-level, Advanced level exams. You need to have good GCSE and A-level results to go to University Ascolta e leggi il testo Education in Great Britain e poi completa la tabella con le informazioni mancanti. Primary school Secondary school Age Classes Subjects Exams Year 1 - Year 7 - Year fourteen

16 Teachers Schoolchildren call teachers in Primary school by their surname, Mr/Ms Smith. In Secondary schools they call teachers Madam or Sir. They call teachers Professor at University. Public School There are about two hundred public schools in Britain. They are private schools and parents have to pay fees. Public schools are very expensive, but many give 100% scholarships. These schools have wonderful facilities and some famous public schools are Eton, Rugby and Westminster. Uniform In Britain most schoolchildren wear a uniform. In winter boys wear long, grey or black trousers with a white shirt and a tie. They have a jumper and a jacket with the school logo on. They don t wear trainers. They wear black school shoes. Girls wear the same, and they can choose to wear a grey or black skirt. In summer girls wear summer dresses and boys wear shorts. A Typical School Day School starts with registration at about 8.45 am. This is when the teacher calls the names. Assembly is at 9.00 am in the Main Hall: pupils listen to a story with a moral, sing hymns and pray. Lessons start at 9.25 am and at 1 pm there is lunch. Pupils can take a packed lunch or have lunch in the school canteen. Afternoon lessons are from 2 pm to 4.10 pm and at public schools, there is tea at 4.15 pm. Children do a lot of sport at schools in Britain. There is hockey, netball and rugby in winter and in summer they play tennis, cricket and some people do rowing. After school there are clubs and activities. There is often a theatre club, a school orchestra and a choir. 2 Rispondi alle domande. 1 What do British schoolchildren need to go to University? 2 Is it common for pupils to repeat a year in Britain? 3 Do British schoolchildren wear trainers at school? What is their uniform like? 4 What do pupils call teachers in Secondary school? 5 How many public schools are there in Britain? 6 Are public schools free? Words you need compulsory fee pupil foreign Exam Board scholarship facilities canteen rowing free 3 Parla con un compagno. obbligatorio retta, tassa alunno straniero commissione d esami borsa di studio impianti e attrezzature mensa canottaggio gratis Is it fun to have a school uniform? Why / Why not? What clothes do you wear at school? 4 Prendendo spunto dalla giornata scolastica in Gran Bretagna, descrivi la tua giornata a scuola (35-45 parole). fi f t e e n 15

17 Sports in Great Britain The British love sport and sport plays an important part in the education of British children. Many sports have their origins in Britain such as cricket, tennis, rugby and golf England s national sport is and people play cricket on village greens, on Sundays, from April to August. Cricket is a very old game and it can look slow and boring when you don t know the rules. There are two teams of 11 players each, who wear white trousers and shirts and play on grass with a bat and a very hard ball. They score runs (points) by running between 2 sets of three small wooden posts called wickets. Cricket is very popular in India, Australia and South Africa starts at Rugby School in Warwickshire in 1823 when a boy called William Webb Ellis picks up the ball and runs with it. There are two different types of rugby Rugby League in the north of England and Rugby Union in the rest of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. Rugby League has 13 players and Rugby Union has 15. Players carry, kick or throw an oval ball, but they can only throw the ball backwards. The Six Nations is an annual tournament between England, Wales, Scotland, Ireland, France and Italy and the winner of the World cup can win The William Webb Ellis Trophy. American football comes from rugby or is very popular in Britain and some of the teams are world famous Manchester United, Arsenal and Liverpool. The FA (Football Association) cup final is a very important sporting event. The two teams play at the famous Wembley Stadium in London. 1 Osserva le foto. Conosci questi sport? Completa i testi con i nomi degli sport riportati nel box. cricket football/soccer golf horse-racing polo rowing rugby tennis 2 06 Ascolta i testi Sports in Great Britain e controlla Leggi i testi e rispondi alle domande. 1 What sports have their origins in Britain? 2 When do people play cricket? 3 Where is cricket popular? 4 What rugby tournament does Italy play in? 5 Where do they play the FA cup final? 6 What do visitors eat at Wimbledon? sixteen 4 Indica se le frasi sono vere (T) o false (F). Correggi le frasi errate. 1 There are 400 golf courses in Scotland. 2 The Wimbledon Tennis Tournament is in September. 3 Royal Ascot is in July. 4 A famous Flat race is The Grand National. 5 Polo is a kind of hockey on horseback. 6 Polo ponies are big and slow. 7 Rowing is popular at public schools and Universities. 8 Sir Steve Redgrave is a famous polo player.

18 4 06 Scotland is the home of. An important golf course is St Andrews and there are 400 golf courses in Scotland. It is a very popular sport in England too is very popular. Every town has public tennis courts and pupils play tennis in almost all Secondary schools. The Wimbledon Tennis Tournament begins on around 22 nd June each year. Millions of people watch the championship on TV live. It is traditional for visitors to eat strawberries and cream at Wimbledon comes from India and it is a kind of hockey with the players on horseback. There are four men on horses in each team and they hit a ball with a stick towards the goal. The polo ponies are small and fast. Prince Charles is a very good polo player The British love horses. is often called the Sport of Kings and it is very popular. There are many meetings during the year at different racecourses. People place bets on the horse they think can win. Ascot becomes the centre of the horse-racing world for one week in June. It is called Royal Ascot, because the Queen always goes. She has a lot of horses and she likes watching racing. There are two types of racing, National Hunt with jumps and Flat racing. A famous National Hunt race is The Grand National is popular at public schools and Universities. An important event is The Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race in March on the River Thames. This is a race between the University colleges of Oxford and Cambridge. Sir Steve Redgrave is a famous rower in England. He has 5 gold medals. Words you need look sembrare each ogni, ognuno score segnare post paletto pick up raccogliere carry portare kick calciare throw tirare hit colpire place bets scommettere 5 Abbina i tre luoghi in cui si praticano sport (1-3) con la definizione corretta (a-c). 1 course 2 court 3 pitch 6 Parla con un compagno. a A green area where you play football and cricket. b A large green area where you see a horse-race or play golf. c An area where you play basketball, volleyball or tennis. What sports do you like watching on television? What sports do you play? Where do you play? seventeen 17

19 Festivals in Great Britain Hallowe en Harvest Festival Every year British people celebrate Harvest Festival on around 23 rd September when the moon is full. It celebrates the food that grows on the land and people say thank you for the harvest. In the churches there are decorations of fruit and vegetables. There is a harvest loaf and people bring food from home to a special Harvest Festival service. The churches give the food to charities. 07 On 31 st October we celebrate e Hallowe en. It is on the eve of an important Catholic Festival All Saints Day (1 st November) that is sometimes called All Hallows because Hallows is an old English word for Saints. All Hallows Eve is the last night of October. It is also the eve of the Pagan Festival called Samhain. Think of how the Celts live many years ago. For them 31 st October is the end of the season of the sun and the beginning of the season of darkness and cold. They think that spirits come with the long hours of winter darkness and so they light bonfires to frighten them away. They feast and dance around the fires because they believe that light has power over darkness. Today, fire plays a part in the night of Hallowe en. We light candles in pumpkin lanterns and put them in our homes and we dress up to frighten away spirits and ghosts Ascolta i testi Hallowe en e Christmas e indica se le frasi sono vere (T) o false (F). Correggi le frasi errate. 1 On 30 th October we celebrate Hallowe en. 2 All Saints Day is on 2 nd November. 3 For Hallowe en we light candles in pumpkin lanterns. 4 On 25 th December children s stockings are full of presents. 5 For dessert on Christmas Day there is the Yorkshire Pudding. 2 Leggi i testi e completa le tabelle. Festivals Harvest Festival Hallowe en Around September. When October. What happens People take to churches. They decorate the churches with and. People make lanterns and. It is a celebration of food that grows on the and people say for the. To Why away and. 18 eighteen

20 Guy Fawkes and the Gunpowder Plot Guy Fawkes, or Bonfire Night, is celebrated every year on 5 th November in Britain. To understand this celebration we have to go back to King James I of England is a Protestant King, but Guy Fawkes and 12 other men think that he isn t treating Catholics very well. They think of a plot. They plan to blow up the King and Parliament with gunpowder, but the soldiers arrest them and Guy Fawkes is executed. In 1605 people celebrate by lighting fires all over England. Today people in England light bonfires in their gardens and let off fireworks. They cook potatoes and sausages on the bonfire in their gardens. Christmas 07 At the beginning of December, the season of Advent starts. The word Advent means coming and it is the time of preparation for the feast of Christmas. In these weeks before Christmas, British people send lots of cards, go to nativity plays and carol services. They decorate their homes with paper decorations, a crib and a Christmas tree. On Christmas Eve children hang their stockings on the fireplace and leave a glass of sherry for Father Christmas and a carrot for Rudolph, the red nosed reindeer. On the morning of 25 th December, children s stockings are full of presents. Many people go to church to sing carols and to celebrate the birth of Jesus. The whole family have a large lunch. For dessert there is the Christmas Pudding, a flaming pudding. On the table there are paper crackers. Everyone pulls them and inside there is a paper hat, a joke and a small present. The 26 th December is called Boxing Day, because it is traditionally the day when the church gives the money collected in wooden boxes to the poor. Words you need bonfire gunpowder plot blow up crib hang stocking fireplace reindeer falò polvere da sparo complotto esplodere presepe appendere calza caminetto renna Guy Fawkes Preparations for Christmas The beginning of. When What happens Why November. People light and cook on bonfires in their gardens. People send, go to nativity and decorate their homes with, a and a. To remember the Plot. To celebrate, the coming of Christ. nineteen 19

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