Fortum Otso -bioliquid

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1 Fortum Otso -bioliquid Energy sector entering new business era Kasperi Karhapää Head of Pyrolysis and Business Development Fortum Power and Heat Oy 1

2 2 Company Fortum

3 Getting to know Fortum Power generation Heat Distribution Electricity sales Great Britain Power generation 1.0 TWh Heat sales 1.8 TWh Nordic countries Power generation Heat sales* Distribution customers in Sweden Electricity customers 46.5 TWh 13.9 TWh 0.9 million 1.2 million Russia Key figures 2013 Sales EUR 6.1 bn Operating profit EUR 1.7 bn Balance sheet EUR 23 bn Personnel 9,900 OAO Fortum Power generation 20.0 TWh Heat sales 24.2 TWh Poland Power generation 0.6 TWh Heat sales 4.0 TWh Baltic countries Power generation Heat sales 0.5 TWh 1.1 TWh India Power generation ~9 GWh 3

4 Low Resource & system efficiency High Transition towards Solar Economy Traditional energy production Exhaustible fuels that burden the environment CHP Advanced energy production Energy efficient and/or low-emission production Solar Economy Solar based production with high overall system efficiency Nuclear tomorrow Hydro Geothermal Bio Ocean Sun Wind Oil Coal Gas Nuclear today Finite fuel resources Large CO2 emissions Infinite fuel resources Emissions free production CCS 4 Copyright Fortum Corporation All rights reserved by Fortum Corporation and shall be deemed the sole property of Fortum Corporation and nothing in this slide or otherwise shall be construed as granting or conferring any rights, in particular any intellectual property rights

5 5 What is Fortum Otso -bioliquid?

6 General characteristics of Fortum Otso bio-oil Fortum Otso (Otso) is bioliquid produced in fast pyrolysis process Raw material for Otso is sustainably produced forest wood chips and saw dust Fortum Otso characteristics: Completely outside food chain Sulphur free (<0,05%) LHV 15 MJ/kg Acidic (ph 2-3) Density; 1,2 tn/m3 Viscosity between heavy and light fuel oil CO 2 decrease even up to 90% compared with Heavy Fuel Oil 6

7 Other characteristics of Fortum Otso bio-oil Pyrolysis oil contains mainly sugars, water aldehydes, ketones and lignin REACH registration Fortum Otso is Reach registered UVCB substance Substance of Unknown or Variable composition, Complex reaction products or Biological materials Quality standards CEN standardization if fast pyrolysis oil has started in 2014 ASTM burner fuel standard D7544 for pyrolysis liquid biofuels is created in

8 8 Production and use of Fortum Otso -bioliquid

9 Fortum Otso -bio oil production 2. Pyrolysis oil production plant 1. Fortum CHP -plant 9

10 Fortum Otso production Fast pyrolysis bio-oil (Bio-oil) is produced by quickly gasifying and condensing raw material Fast pyrolysis technology is considered to be one of the most cost efficient ways of liquefying biomass Relatively simple process The needed heat in the process is produced with the process by-products High yield Fast pyrolysis oil production process can use several feedstock as raw material Production of bio-oil has been studied since 1970 s and plants in different sizes are located in the US and EU Fortum Joensuu is the first of its kind in the world to be integrated into CHP-plant 10

11 Heat production with Bio-oil Bio-oil is replacing fossil fuel oils in heat and steam production It can be used the same way as liquid fossil fuels Operating is simple and e.g. remote use is possible Maintenance needed is low compered e.g. to wood chips fired heat only boilers Customer investment that is needed to replace fossil heating oil with Bio-oil is relatively small Combustion of Otso causes signifantly lower sulphur emissions than HFO Also lower CO 2 emissions 11

12 12 Future applications of Fortum Otso

13 The future of pyrolysis oil Biooil Separate Boiler Upgrade Gasify Reform Engine Turbine Synthesis Heat Electricity Transportation Fuels Hydrogen Chemicals Source: Biomass Pyrolysis, IEA Task 34 Booklet

14 The future of pyrolysis oil Fortum, UPM and Valmet are jointly developing technology to produce advanced biomass based fuels Target: To produce advanced high value lignocellulosic fuels, such as transportation fuels or higher value bio liquids. Idea: To develop catalytic pyrolysis technology for upgrading bio-oil and commercialize the solution. Name: The project is called LignoCat i.e. lignocellulosic fuels by catalytic pyrolysis Time scale: Duration is 5 years. The project is a natural continuation of the consortium s earlier bio-oil project together with the VTT Commercialising integrated pyrolysis technology

15 Thank you! Kasperi Karhapää

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