Number Who Chose This Maximum Amount


 Beatrice Palmer
 5 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 1 TASK 3.3.1: MAXIMIZING REVENUE AND PROFIT Solutions Your school is trying to oost interest in its athletic program. It has decided to sell a pass that will allow the holder to attend all athletic events at the school. The 800 families in the community were surveyed and asked the question, What is the most you would pay for an allsports season pass? [It was assumed that if you were willing to pay a given amount, you would also e willing to pay less than that.] Here are the survey results. Maximum Price of Season Pass Numer Who Chose This Maximum Amount Numer Willing to Pay this Price Revenue 1. How can you determine the revenue at each price? To determine the revenue at each price, multiply the price column y the numer of willing uyers at this cost. 2. Lael the third column in the tale aove revenue and fill in the tale. Then make a scatter plot of the revenue versus the price. Sketch the scatter plot elow. Below is the tale with the completed revenue column in L 3 and the scatter plot. 3. Find a quadratic equation that fits the data in the scatter plot. Many participants choose to approach this question y performing a quadratic regression on L 1 and L 3. A regression equation is y =! x x!
2 2 Ask participants to consider an alternate method that uses matrices. As a group, go through the Transparency Using Matrices to Solve a System of Equations. Use the following questions to guide the discussion. What is the general form of a quadratic equation? y = ax 2 + x + c What do the data points in L 1 and L 3 represent in this equation? The values in L 1 represent the xvalues and the values in L 3 represent the yvalues. Choose a data point and sustitute the values into the general quadratic equation. For example, choose (50, 38250). Then, = a 50 2 ( ) What do we need in order to solve for a,, and c? We need three equations like the one aove so that we can solve a system of three equations for three unknowns. Choose two other points and set up a system of three equations to solve for the unknowns a,, and c. For example, choose (100, 49500) and (135, 39150). The system would e: = a = a = a ( ) + 50 ( ) ( ) How can the system aove e rewritten as a matrix equation?! ! a! ' = " % " c% " 39150% Notice in the matrix equation aove, we have a 3 y 3 matrix with xvalues multiplied y the coefficient matrix to give us the resultant yvalue matrix. Remind participants of the row y column matrix multiplication to see that this matrix equation is indeed equivalent to the system of three equations. Next, have participants store the xvalue matrix into matrix [A] on their calculators and the yvalue matrix into matrix [B]. The aove matrix equation is [A] [coefficients] = [B]. How can we solve for the coefficient matrix? Multiply oth sides of the equation y [A] 1. It is important to rememer at this point that matrix multiplication is not commutative. So, we must e precise in our multiplication. The solution is [coefficient] = [A] 1 [B]. This calculation can e performed quickly using a graphing calculator. The quadratic equation is y =!6.126x x! This gives the revenue function R(x).
3 3 Other examples: Selecting the points (50, 38250), (135, 39150) and (90, 48600) yields y =!5.5147x x Selecting the points (100, 49500), (135, 39150) and (150, 31500) yields y =!4.2857x x Have each group choose a different set of 3 points and use matrices to fit a quadratic function to the data. Compare the results. 4. Find the price of the season pass that produces the maximum revenue. The maximum revenue of 49, is otained when the price is This can e found y using the maximum feature on a graphing calculator once the equation is found. How does the maximum found using the calculator feature compare to what you might have guessed the maximum price should have een using only the survey results? Using the survey results, we might have overpriced the season pass. The maximum data point is a price of 100 resulting in a revenue of 49,500 as opposed to the actual maximum revenue of 49, The cost of the sporting events to the school is also a function of the price of a season pass. Suppose C x ( ) is a cost function such that C x ( ) =!150x + 54,000. When will the school make a profit? Descrie this in general terms as well as specifically for this situation. The school will make a profit when R(x) > C(x). The intersection points of R(x) and C(x) are called reakeven points. The profit function can e written as P(x)=R(x) C(x). What kind of function is the profit function? It is also a quadratic ecause it is the result of a quadratic function minus a linear function. The school will make a profit if the price is set etween and Graphically this can e seen y looking at the intersection of the revenue and cost functions.
4 4 Another way to see when the school will make a profit is to look at the graph of P(x) and find where it is aove the xaxis. 6. What price would produce the maximum profit for the school? Is this the same price that would produce the maximum revenue? The price that would produce the maximum profit is This is not the same as the price that would maximize the revenue. Math notes Many participants choose to approach this question y performing a quadratic regression on L 1 and L 3. A regression equation is y =! x x! Ask participants to consider an alternate method that uses matrices. As a group, go through the Transparency Using Matrices to Solve a System of Equations. Use the following questions to guide the discussion. What is the general form of a quadratic equation? What do the data points in L 1 and L 3 represent in this equation? Choose a data point and sustitute the values into the general quadratic equation. What do we need in order to solve for a,, and c?
5 5 Choose two other points and set up a system of three equations to solve for the unknowns a,, and c. For example, choose (100, 49500) and (135, 39150). The system would e: = a = a = a ( ) + 50 ( ) ( ) How can the system aove e rewritten as a matrix equation?! ! a! ' = " % " c% " 39150% Notice in the matrix equation aove, we have a 3 y 3 matrix with xvalues multiplied y the coefficient matrix to give us the resultant yvalue matrix. Remind participants of the row y column matrix multiplication to see that this matrix equation is indeed equivalent to the system of three equations. Next, have participants store the xvalue matrix into matrix [A] on their calculators and the yvalue matrix into matrix [B]. The aove matrix equation is [A] [coefficients] = [B]. How can we solve for the coefficient matrix? Use the instructor s transparency to descrie how to solve for the coefficient matrix. Ask each group to choose a different set of 3 points and use matrices to fit a quadratic to the data. Compare the results. Teaching notes In this task, participants look at a quadratic situation and find an equation to fit the data. Go over the scenario given on the activity sheet. Have participants work in groups of 3 4 on Exercises 1 3.
6 6 TASK 3.3.1: MAXIMIZING REVENUE AND PROFIT Your school is trying to oost interest in its athletic program. It has decided to sell a pass that will allow the holder to attend all athletic events at the school. The 800 families in the community were surveyed and asked the question, What is the most you would pay for an allsports season pass? [It was assumed that if you were willing to pay a given amount, you would also e willing to pay less than that.] Here are the survey results. Maximum Price of Season Pass Numer Who Chose This Maximum Amount Numer Willing to Pay this Price Revenue 1. How can you determine the revenue at each price? 2. Lael the third column in the tale aove revenue and fill in the tale. Then make a scatter plot of the revenue versus the price. Sketch the scatter plot elow. 3. Find a quadratic equation that fits the data in the scatter plot. 4. Find the price of the season pass that produces the maximum revenue.
7 7 5. The cost of the sporting events to the school is also a function of the price of season pass. Suppose C ( x) is a cost function such that C x When will the school make a profit? Descrie this in general terms as well as specifically for this situation. ( ) =!150x + 54, What price would produce the maximum profit for the school? Is this the same price that would produce the maximum revenue?
8 8 Instructor s Transparency Using Matrices to Solve a System of Equations 38250=a(50 2 ) + (50) + c 49500=a(100 2 ) + (100) + c 39150=a(135 2 ) + (135) + c Let Matrix A = 2! " % and Matrix B =! 38250" % Then the system aove can e written as: A! a" % c =B To solve for the coefficients: A 1 A! a" % c =A 1 B I! a" % c = A 1 B " a "! % = % % % c% '! % '
What Does Your Quadratic Look Like? EXAMPLES
What Does Your Quadratic Look Like? EXAMPLES 1. An equation such as y = x 2 4x + 1 descries a type of function known as a quadratic function. Review with students that a function is a relation in which
More informationPARABOLAS AND THEIR FEATURES
STANDARD FORM PARABOLAS AND THEIR FEATURES If a! 0, the equation y = ax 2 + bx + c is the standard form of a quadratic function and its graph is a parabola. If a > 0, the parabola opens upward and the
More information10.1 Systems of Linear Equations: Substitution and Elimination
726 CHAPTER 10 Systems of Equations and Inequalities 10.1 Systems of Linear Equations: Sustitution and Elimination PREPARING FOR THIS SECTION Before getting started, review the following: Linear Equations
More information3.3. Solving Polynomial Equations. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes
Solving Polynomial Equations 3.3 Introduction Linear and quadratic equations, dealt within Sections 3.1 and 3.2, are members of a class of equations, called polynomial equations. These have the general
More informationSection 1.5 Linear Models
Section 1.5 Linear Models Some reallife problems can be modeled using linear equations. Now that we know how to find the slope of a line, the equation of a line, and the point of intersection of two lines,
More informationFACTORING QUADRATICS 8.1.1 and 8.1.2
FACTORING QUADRATICS 8.1.1 and 8.1.2 Chapter 8 introduces students to quadratic equations. These equations can be written in the form of y = ax 2 + bx + c and, when graphed, produce a curve called a parabola.
More information3.2. Solving quadratic equations. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes. Learning Style
Solving quadratic equations 3.2 Introduction A quadratic equation is one which can be written in the form ax 2 + bx + c = 0 where a, b and c are numbers and x is the unknown whose value(s) we wish to find.
More information1 Review of Least Squares Solutions to Overdetermined Systems
cs4: introduction to numerical analysis /9/0 Lecture 7: Rectangular Systems and Numerical Integration Instructor: Professor Amos Ron Scribes: Mark Cowlishaw, Nathanael Fillmore Review of Least Squares
More informationWeek 1: Functions and Equations
Week 1: Functions and Equations Goals: Review functions Introduce modeling using linear and quadratic functions Solving equations and systems Suggested Textbook Readings: Chapter 2: 2.12.2, and Chapter
More informationQUADRATIC EQUATIONS EXPECTED BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE
MODULE  1 Quadratic Equations 6 QUADRATIC EQUATIONS In this lesson, you will study aout quadratic equations. You will learn to identify quadratic equations from a collection of given equations and write
More informationLAB 11: MATRICES, SYSTEMS OF EQUATIONS and POLYNOMIAL MODELING
LAB 11: MATRICS, SYSTMS OF QUATIONS and POLYNOMIAL MODLING Objectives: 1. Solve systems of linear equations using augmented matrices. 2. Solve systems of linear equations using matrix equations and inverse
More informationNonLinear Regression 20062008 Samuel L. Baker
NONLINEAR REGRESSION 1 NonLinear Regression 20062008 Samuel L. Baker The linear least squares method that you have een using fits a straight line or a flat plane to a unch of data points. Sometimes
More informationCoordinate Plane, Slope, and Lines LongTerm Memory Review Review 1
Review. What does slope of a line mean?. How do you find the slope of a line? 4. Plot and label the points A (3, ) and B (, ). a. From point B to point A, by how much does the yvalue change? b. From point
More informationMath 1314 Lesson 8 Business Applications: Break Even Analysis, Equilibrium Quantity/Price
Math 1314 Lesson 8 Business Applications: Break Even Analysis, Equilibrium Quantity/Price Three functions of importance in business are cost functions, revenue functions and profit functions. Cost functions
More information2x + y = 3. Since the second equation is precisely the same as the first equation, it is enough to find x and y satisfying the system
1. Systems of linear equations We are interested in the solutions to systems of linear equations. A linear equation is of the form 3x 5y + 2z + w = 3. The key thing is that we don t multiply the variables
More informationis the degree of the polynomial and is the leading coefficient.
Property: T. HrubikVulanovic email: thrubik@kent.edu Content (in order sections were covered from the book): Chapter 6 HigherDegree Polynomial Functions... 1 Section 6.1 HigherDegree Polynomial Functions...
More informationQuestion 2: How do you solve a matrix equation using the matrix inverse?
Question : How do you solve a matrix equation using the matrix inverse? In the previous question, we wrote systems of equations as a matrix equation AX B. In this format, the matrix A contains the coefficients
More informationLinear Equations. 5 Day Lesson Plan Unit: Linear Equations Grade Level: Grade 9 Time Span: 50 minute class periods By: Richard Weber
Linear Equations 5 Day Lesson Plan Unit: Linear Equations Grade Level: Grade 9 Time Span: 50 minute class periods By: Richard Weber Tools: Geometer s Sketchpad Software Overhead projector with TI 83
More information4.34.4 Systems of Equations
4.34.4 Systems of Equations A linear equation in 2 variables is an equation of the form ax + by = c. A linear equation in 3 variables is an equation of the form ax + by + cz = d. To solve a system of
More informationMath 113 Review for Exam I
Math 113 Review for Exam I Section 1.1 Cartesian Coordinate System, Slope, & Equation of a Line (1.) Rectangular or Cartesian Coordinate System You should be able to label the quadrants in the rectangular
More informationQUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND FUNCTIONS
Douglas College Learning Centre QUADRATIC EQUATIONS AND FUNCTIONS Quadratic equations and functions are very important in Business Math. Questions related to quadratic equations and functions cover a wide
More informationOptimization Application:
GOLDen Mathematics: Intermediate Algebra Copyright 2000 Sally J. Keely. All Rights Reserved. Hi. Today's lesson is a bit different. It is one huge multipart reallife application of quadratic functions
More informationIn the Herb Business, Part III Factoring and Quadratic Equations
74 In the Herb Business, Part III Factoring and Quadratic Equations In the herbal medicine business, you and your partner sold 120 bottles of your best herbal medicine each week when you sold at your original
More informationPolynomials and Quadratics
Polynomials and Quadratics Want to be an environmental scientist? Better be ready to get your hands dirty!.1 Controlling the Population Adding and Subtracting Polynomials............703.2 They re Multiplying
More informationUnit 1 Equations, Inequalities, Functions
Unit 1 Equations, Inequalities, Functions Algebra 2, Pages 1100 Overview: This unit models realworld situations by using one and twovariable linear equations. This unit will further expand upon pervious
More informationω h (t) = Ae t/τ. (3) + 1 = 0 τ =.
MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY Department of Mechanical Engineering 2.004 Dynamics and Control II Fall 2007 Lecture 2 Solving the Equation of Motion Goals for today Modeling of the 2.004 La s rotational
More informationTI83/84 Plus Graphing Calculator Worksheet #2
TI83/8 Plus Graphing Calculator Worksheet #2 The graphing calculator is set in the following, MODE, and Y, settings. Resetting your calculator brings it back to these original settings. MODE Y Note that
More informationCHAPTER 13 SIMPLE LINEAR REGRESSION. Opening Example. Simple Regression. Linear Regression
Opening Example CHAPTER 13 SIMPLE LINEAR REGREION SIMPLE LINEAR REGREION! Simple Regression! Linear Regression Simple Regression Definition A regression model is a mathematical equation that descries the
More informationMATH2210 Notebook 1 Fall Semester 2016/2017. 1 MATH2210 Notebook 1 3. 1.1 Solving Systems of Linear Equations... 3
MATH0 Notebook Fall Semester 06/07 prepared by Professor Jenny Baglivo c Copyright 009 07 by Jenny A. Baglivo. All Rights Reserved. Contents MATH0 Notebook 3. Solving Systems of Linear Equations........................
More information5.5. Solving linear systems by the elimination method
55 Solving linear systems by the elimination method Equivalent systems The major technique of solving systems of equations is changing the original problem into another one which is of an easier to solve
More informationAcademic Support Center. Using the TI83/84+ Graphing Calculator PART II
Academic Support Center Using the TI83/84+ Graphing Calculator PART II Designed and Prepared by The Academic Support Center Revised June 2012 1 Using the Graphing Calculator (TI83+ or TI84+) Table of
More informationGraphing Quadratic Functions
Problem 1 The Parabola Examine the data in L 1 and L to the right. Let L 1 be the x value and L be the yvalues for a graph. 1. How are the x and yvalues related? What pattern do you see? To enter the
More informationLecture 2. Marginal Functions, Average Functions, Elasticity, the Marginal Principle, and Constrained Optimization
Lecture 2. Marginal Functions, Average Functions, Elasticity, the Marginal Principle, and Constrained Optimization 2.1. Introduction Suppose that an economic relationship can be described by a realvalued
More information1 Mathematical Models of Cost, Revenue and Profit
Section 1.: Mathematical Modeling Math 14 Business Mathematics II Minh Kha Goals: to understand what a mathematical model is, and some of its examples in business. Definition 0.1. Mathematical Modeling
More informationVector Notation: AB represents the vector from point A to point B on a graph. The vector can be computed by B A.
1 Linear Transformations Prepared by: Robin Michelle King A transformation of an object is a change in position or dimension (or both) of the object. The resulting object after the transformation is called
More informationMSLC Workshop Series Math 1148 1150 Workshop: Polynomial & Rational Functions
MSLC Workshop Series Math 1148 1150 Workshop: Polynomial & Rational Functions The goal of this workshop is to familiarize you with similarities and differences in both the graphing and expression of polynomial
More information3.1 Solving Systems Using Tables and Graphs
Algebra 2 Chapter 3 3.1 Solve Systems Using Tables & Graphs 3.1 Solving Systems Using Tables and Graphs A solution to a system of linear equations is an that makes all of the equations. To solve a system
More informationApplied Finite Mathematics Second Edition. Rupinder Sekhon De Anza College Cupertino, California. Page 1
Applied Finite Mathematics Second Edition Rupinder Sekhon De Anza College Cupertino, California Page 1 Author: Rupinder Sekhon Associate Editors: Jessica and Vijay Sekhon Rupinder Sekhon has been teaching
More informationSystems of Linear Equations and Inequalities
Systems of Linear Equations and Inequalities Recall that every linear equation in two variables can be identified with a line. When we group two such equations together, we know from geometry what can
More informationExcel Guide for Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus
Excel Guide for Finite Mathematics and Applied Calculus Revathi Narasimhan Kean University A technology guide to accompany Mathematical Applications, 6 th Edition Applied Calculus, 2 nd Edition Calculus:
More informationSolving Systems of Two Equations Algebraically
8 MODULE 3. EQUATIONS 3b Solving Systems of Two Equations Algebraically Solving Systems by Substitution In this section we introduce an algebraic technique for solving systems of two equations in two unknowns
More information53 Polynomial Functions. not in one variable because there are two variables, x. and y
y. 53 Polynomial Functions State the degree and leading coefficient of each polynomial in one variable. If it is not a polynomial in one variable, explain why. 1. 11x 6 5x 5 + 4x 2 coefficient of the
More informationLecture 1: Systems of Linear Equations
MTH Elementary Matrix Algebra Professor Chao Huang Department of Mathematics and Statistics Wright State University Lecture 1 Systems of Linear Equations ² Systems of two linear equations with two variables
More informationEquations, Lenses and Fractions
46 Equations, Lenses and Fractions The study of lenses offers a good real world example of a relation with fractions we just can t avoid! Different uses of a simple lens that you may be familiar with are
More informationActivity 5. Two Hot, Two Cold. Introduction. Equipment Required. Collecting the Data
. Activity 5 Two Hot, Two Cold How do we measure temperatures? In almost all countries of the world, the Celsius scale (formerly called the centigrade scale) is used in everyday life and in science and
More informationChapter 2: Linear Equations and Inequalities Lecture notes Math 1010
Section 2.1: Linear Equations Definition of equation An equation is a statement that equates two algebraic expressions. Solving an equation involving a variable means finding all values of the variable
More informationMore Quadratic Equations
More Quadratic Equations Math 99 N1 Chapter 8 1 Quadratic Equations We won t discuss quadratic inequalities. Quadratic equations are equations where the unknown appears raised to second power, and, possibly
More informationPOLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS
POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS Polynomial Division.. 314 The Rational Zero Test.....317 Descarte s Rule of Signs... 319 The Remainder Theorem.....31 Finding all Zeros of a Polynomial Function.......33 Writing a
More informationSolving simultaneous equations using the inverse matrix
Solving simultaneous equations using the inverse matrix 8.2 Introduction The power of matrix algebra is seen in the representation of a system of simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation. Matrix
More information1.2 BreakEven Analysis and Market Equilibrium
Math 142 c Roberto Barrera, Fall 2015 1 1.2 BreakEven Analysis and Market Equilibrium Mathematical models of cost, revenue, and profits Two types of costs: 1. Fixed costs: 2. Variable costs: Total cost:
More information2.5 Zeros of a Polynomial Functions
.5 Zeros of a Polynomial Functions Section.5 Notes Page 1 The first rule we will talk about is Descartes Rule of Signs, which can be used to determine the possible times a graph crosses the xaxis and
More information1 Solving LPs: The Simplex Algorithm of George Dantzig
Solving LPs: The Simplex Algorithm of George Dantzig. Simplex Pivoting: Dictionary Format We illustrate a general solution procedure, called the simplex algorithm, by implementing it on a very simple example.
More information2.4 Real Zeros of Polynomial Functions
SECTION 2.4 Real Zeros of Polynomial Functions 197 What you ll learn about Long Division and the Division Algorithm Remainder and Factor Theorems Synthetic Division Rational Zeros Theorem Upper and Lower
More information10.2 ITERATIVE METHODS FOR SOLVING LINEAR SYSTEMS. The Jacobi Method
578 CHAPTER 1 NUMERICAL METHODS 1. ITERATIVE METHODS FOR SOLVING LINEAR SYSTEMS As a numerical technique, Gaussian elimination is rather unusual because it is direct. That is, a solution is obtained after
More information1 Determinants and the Solvability of Linear Systems
1 Determinants and the Solvability of Linear Systems In the last section we learned how to use Gaussian elimination to solve linear systems of n equations in n unknowns The section completely sidestepped
More informationDecember 4, 2013 MATH 171 BASIC LINEAR ALGEBRA B. KITCHENS
December 4, 2013 MATH 171 BASIC LINEAR ALGEBRA B KITCHENS The equation 1 Lines in twodimensional space (1) 2x y = 3 describes a line in twodimensional space The coefficients of x and y in the equation
More informationAlgebra 2 Chapter 1 Vocabulary. identity  A statement that equates two equivalent expressions.
Chapter 1 Vocabulary identity  A statement that equates two equivalent expressions. verbal model A word equation that represents a reallife problem. algebraic expression  An expression with variables.
More informationSolving Systems of Linear Equations by Substitution
4.2 Solving Systems of Linear Equations by Substitution How can you use substitution to solve a system of linear equations? 1 ACTIVITY: Using Substitution to Solve a System Work with a partner. Solve each
More information3.1. Solving linear equations. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes. Learning Style
Solving linear equations 3.1 Introduction Many problems in engineering reduce to the solution of an equation or a set of equations. An equation is a type of mathematical expression which contains one or
More informationMATHEMATICS FOR ENGINEERING BASIC ALGEBRA
MATHEMATICS FOR ENGINEERING BASIC ALGEBRA TUTORIAL 3 EQUATIONS This is the one of a series of basic tutorials in mathematics aimed at beginners or anyone wanting to refresh themselves on fundamentals.
More informationMATH 304 Linear Algebra Lecture 18: Rank and nullity of a matrix.
MATH 304 Linear Algebra Lecture 18: Rank and nullity of a matrix. Nullspace Let A = (a ij ) be an m n matrix. Definition. The nullspace of the matrix A, denoted N(A), is the set of all ndimensional column
More informationx 2 + y 2 = 1 y 1 = x 2 + 2x y = x 2 + 2x + 1
Implicit Functions Defining Implicit Functions Up until now in this course, we have only talked about functions, which assign to every real number x in their domain exactly one real number f(x). The graphs
More informationProcedure for Graphing Polynomial Functions
Procedure for Graphing Polynomial Functions P(x) = a n x n + a n1 x n1 + + a 1 x + a 0 To graph P(x): As an example, we will examine the following polynomial function: P(x) = 2x 3 3x 2 23x + 12 1. Determine
More informationFoundations for Functions
Activity: TEKS: Overview: Materials: Grouping: Time: Crime Scene Investigation (A.2) Foundations for functions. The student uses the properties and attributes of functions. The student is expected to:
More informationDealing with Data in Excel 2010
Dealing with Data in Excel 2010 Excel provides the ability to do computations and graphing of data. Here we provide the basics and some advanced capabilities available in Excel that are useful for dealing
More informationReview of Fundamental Mathematics
Review of Fundamental Mathematics As explained in the Preface and in Chapter 1 of your textbook, managerial economics applies microeconomic theory to business decision making. The decisionmaking tools
More informationSolving Systems of Linear Equations Using Matrices
Solving Systems of Linear Equations Using Matrices What is a Matrix? A matrix is a compact grid or array of numbers. It can be created from a system of equations and used to solve the system of equations.
More informationSolutions to Math 51 First Exam January 29, 2015
Solutions to Math 5 First Exam January 29, 25. ( points) (a) Complete the following sentence: A set of vectors {v,..., v k } is defined to be linearly dependent if (2 points) there exist c,... c k R, not
More informationGraphing Linear Equations in Two Variables
Math 123 Section 3.2  Graphing Linear Equations Using Intercepts  Page 1 Graphing Linear Equations in Two Variables I. Graphing Lines A. The graph of a line is just the set of solution points of the
More informationTypical Linear Equation Set and Corresponding Matrices
EWE: Engineering With Excel Larsen Page 1 4. Matrix Operations in Excel. Matrix Manipulations: Vectors, Matrices, and Arrays. How Excel Handles Matrix Math. Basic Matrix Operations. Solving Systems of
More informationAlgebra II End of Course Exam Answer Key Segment I. Scientific Calculator Only
Algebra II End of Course Exam Answer Key Segment I Scientific Calculator Only Question 1 Reporting Category: Algebraic Concepts & Procedures Common Core Standard: AAPR.3: Identify zeros of polynomials
More informationAlgebra Unpacked Content For the new Common Core standards that will be effective in all North Carolina schools in the 201213 school year.
This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Common Core (Standard Course of Study). NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. Algebra
More informationJUST THE MATHS UNIT NUMBER 1.8. ALGEBRA 8 (Polynomials) A.J.Hobson
JUST THE MATHS UNIT NUMBER 1.8 ALGEBRA 8 (Polynomials) by A.J.Hobson 1.8.1 The factor theorem 1.8.2 Application to quadratic and cubic expressions 1.8.3 Cubic equations 1.8.4 Long division of polynomials
More informationCOLLEGE ALGEBRA IN CONTEXT: Redefining the College Algebra Experience
COLLEGE ALGEBRA IN CONTEXT: Redefining the College Algebra Experience Ronald J. HARSHBARGER, Ph.D. Lisa S. YOCCO University of South Carolina Beaufort Georgia Southern University 1 College Center P.O.
More informationPreface of Excel Guide
Preface of Excel Guide The use of spreadsheets in a course designed primarily for business and social science majors can enhance the understanding of the underlying mathematical concepts. In addition,
More informationThe Correlation Coefficient
The Correlation Coefficient Lelys Bravo de Guenni April 22nd, 2015 Outline The Correlation coefficient Positive Correlation Negative Correlation Properties of the Correlation Coefficient Nonlinear association
More informationc. Given your answer in part (b), what do you anticipate will happen in this market in the longrun?
Perfect Competition Questions Question 1 Suppose there is a perfectly competitive industry where all the firms are identical with identical cost curves. Furthermore, suppose that a representative firm
More information6.1 Add & Subtract Polynomial Expression & Functions
6.1 Add & Subtract Polynomial Expression & Functions Objectives 1. Know the meaning of the words term, monomial, binomial, trinomial, polynomial, degree, coefficient, like terms, polynomial funciton, quardrtic
More information2.5 Transformations of Functions
2.5 Transformations of Functions Section 2.5 Notes Page 1 We will first look at the major graphs you should know how to sketch: Square Root Function Absolute Value Function Identity Function Domain: [
More informationEL9650/9600c/9450/9400 Handbook Vol. 1
Graphing Calculator EL9650/9600c/9450/9400 Handbook Vol. Algebra EL9650 EL9450 Contents. Linear Equations  Slope and Intercept of Linear Equations 2 Parallel and Perpendicular Lines 2. Quadratic Equations
More informationStudy Guide 2 Solutions MATH 111
Study Guide 2 Solutions MATH 111 Having read through the sample test, I wanted to warn everyone, that I might consider asking questions involving inequalities, the absolute value function (as in the suggested
More informationSubstitute 4 for x in the function, Simplify.
Page 1 of 19 Review of Eponential and Logarithmic Functions An eponential function is a function in the form of f ( ) = for a fied ase, where > 0 and 1. is called the ase of the eponential function. The
More informationGrade Level Year Total Points Core Points % At Standard 9 2003 10 5 7 %
Performance Assessment Task Number Towers Grade 9 The task challenges a student to demonstrate understanding of the concepts of algebraic properties and representations. A student must make sense of the
More informationDERIVATIVES AS MATRICES; CHAIN RULE
DERIVATIVES AS MATRICES; CHAIN RULE 1. Derivatives of Realvalued Functions Let s first consider functions f : R 2 R. Recall that if the partial derivatives of f exist at the point (x 0, y 0 ), then we
More informationSection 3.2 Polynomial Functions and Their Graphs
Section 3.2 Polynomial Functions and Their Graphs EXAMPLES: P(x) = 3, Q(x) = 4x 7, R(x) = x 2 +x, S(x) = 2x 3 6x 2 10 QUESTION: Which of the following are polynomial functions? (a) f(x) = x 3 +2x+4 (b)
More informationCHAPTER 1 Linear Equations
CHAPTER 1 Linear Equations 1.1. Lines The rectangular coordinate system is also called the Cartesian plane. It is formed by two real number lines, the horizontal axis or xaxis, and the vertical axis or
More information5 Systems of Equations
Systems of Equations Concepts: Solutions to Systems of EquationsGraphically and Algebraically Solving Systems  Substitution Method Solving Systems  Elimination Method Using Dimensional Graphs to Approximate
More information1.7. Partial Fractions. 1.7.1. Rational Functions and Partial Fractions. A rational function is a quotient of two polynomials: R(x) = P (x) Q(x).
.7. PRTIL FRCTIONS 3.7. Partial Fractions.7.. Rational Functions and Partial Fractions. rational function is a quotient of two polynomials: R(x) = P (x) Q(x). Here we discuss how to integrate rational
More information8.2. Solution by Inverse Matrix Method. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes
Solution by Inverse Matrix Method 8.2 Introduction The power of matrix algebra is seen in the representation of a system of simultaneous linear equations as a matrix equation. Matrix algebra allows us
More information8.1. Cramer s Rule for Solving Simultaneous Linear Equations. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes. Learning Style
Cramer s Rule for Solving Simultaneous Linear Equations 8.1 Introduction The need to solve systems of linear equations arises frequently in engineering. The analysis of electric circuits and the control
More informationSection 3.1 Quadratic Functions and Models
Section 3.1 Quadratic Functions and Models DEFINITION: A quadratic function is a function f of the form fx) = ax 2 +bx+c where a,b, and c are real numbers and a 0. Graphing Quadratic Functions Using the
More informationOrthogonal Projections
Orthogonal Projections and Reflections (with exercises) by D. Klain Version.. Corrections and comments are welcome! Orthogonal Projections Let X,..., X k be a family of linearly independent (column) vectors
More informationLinear Programming. March 14, 2014
Linear Programming March 1, 01 Parts of this introduction to linear programming were adapted from Chapter 9 of Introduction to Algorithms, Second Edition, by Cormen, Leiserson, Rivest and Stein [1]. 1
More informationGraphic Designing with Transformed Functions
Name Class The teacher will display the completed example to the right as an example to recreate. Work to make the image of the letter M on your handheld. Transformations of parabolas, domain restrictions,
More informationAverage rate of change of y = f(x) with respect to x as x changes from a to a + h:
L151 Lecture 15: Section 3.4 Definition of the Derivative Recall the following from Lecture 14: For function y = f(x), the average rate of change of y with respect to x as x changes from a to b (on [a,
More informationSolving Systems of Linear Equations
LECTURE 5 Solving Systems of Linear Equations Recall that we introduced the notion of matrices as a way of standardizing the expression of systems of linear equations In today s lecture I shall show how
More informationBecause the slope is, a slope of 5 would mean that for every 1cm increase in diameter, the circumference would increase by 5cm.
Measurement Lab You will be graphing circumference (cm) vs. diameter (cm) for several different circular objects, and finding the slope of the line of best fit using the CapStone program. Write out or
More informationSummary of important mathematical operations and formulas (from first tutorial):
EXCEL Intermediate Tutorial Summary of important mathematical operations and formulas (from first tutorial): Operation Key Addition + Subtraction  Multiplication * Division / Exponential ^ To enter a
More informationEQUATIONS and INEQUALITIES
EQUATIONS and INEQUALITIES Linear Equations and Slope 1. Slope a. Calculate the slope of a line given two points b. Calculate the slope of a line parallel to a given line. c. Calculate the slope of a line
More information7.1 Graphs of Quadratic Functions in Vertex Form
7.1 Graphs of Quadratic Functions in Vertex Form Quadratic Function in Vertex Form A quadratic function in vertex form is a function that can be written in the form f (x) = a(x! h) 2 + k where a is called
More information