# SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

2 PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the parts of a volcano. LAB: Comparing the parts of a volcano to different types of models. POST: Discovering that volcanoes occur around the world. EARTHQUAKES WEEK 2. PRE: Discovering earthquake faults. LAB: Tracing a fault map of the San Francisco Bay Area. POST: Exploring how deep you can drill into the Earth. PLATE TECTONICS WEEK 3. PRE: Exploring how the Earth's outermost portion moves. LAB: Exploring the results of movement on the Earth's crust. POST: Exploring how plates have moved through time. HAZARDS WEEK 4. PRE: Discovering how to think during an earthquake. LAB: Assessing what a mayor should do during strong, moderate, and weak earthquakes. POST: Analyzing earthquake safety at home. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

3 PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE - PLATE TECTONICS (2) PRE LAB OBJECTIVES: Students experiment with convection. 1. Exploring why the Earth's outermost portion moves. 2. Introducing the concept of convection currents. VOCABULARY: convection core crust mantle MATERIALS: pan (optional) water hot plate ladder BACKGROUND: This picture shows convection of the whole mantle. It make actually happen on a smaller scale Understanding the movement and behavior of the Earth's outermost layers has been a painstakingly long scientific process. The theory of plate tectonics is our current best explanation and working model for answering these questions. Plate tectonic theory has developed slowly and progressively since it was developed in the 1960s. It is a theory that truly has the entire world as its experiment. According to the theory of plate tectonics, the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into moving plates of "lithosphere." The lithospheric plates are solid rock. There are several very large plates, each consisting of both oceanic and continental portions. There are a dozen or more smaller plates. The plates average about 80 kilometers (50 miles) in thickness. All of the plates are moving. They are slow, moving at speeds of centimeters to tens of centimeters per year. They slide along on top of an underlying mantle layer called the asthenosphere, which contains a little magma (molten rock). Many types of evidence indicate that the plates move. Many lines of evidence indicate that the plates are moving. What is less clear, however, is why the plates move. There are two main scientific ideas for explaining plate movement: gravity and convection currents. All objects on and in the Earth are pulled towards its center by the force of gravity. This may affect the plates at converging plate Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

4 boundaries in areas called subduction zones, where one plate sinks into the mantle. Some evidence suggests that gravity pulls the sinking plate down. The rest of the plate is dragged along behind it. This is physically similar to slowly pushing a piece of paper off a table; it eventually bends, and slides off, pulling the rest of the paper behind it. The other reason for plate motion relates to convection currents within Gravity at this subduction zone pulls the plate down. the upper part of the mantle. Convection is the heat-driven circulation of a fluid. In the mantle, heat from deeper in the Earth causes the overlying mantle to circulate. The mantle can circulate because it contains a little magma (molten rock); it behaves like a very hot mush. Mantle convection currents move very, very, slowly. It is possible that as the mantle convects, it drags the overlying plates along with it. It is likely that both convection and gravity contribute to the movement of the plates. This unit introduces the importance of convection currents into the overall concept of plate tectonics. Convection currents are common in everyday life. Water that is put over a hot stove heats by convection. The water closest to the heat source becomes less dense and rises. The water that is cooler and on top will sink to the bottom. This sinking of the denser fluid and rising of the less dense fluid causes movement in a circular motion as shown in the diagram below; this is convection. PROCEDURE: 1. Explain the physical basis of convection currents to the students. Explain that it may be a force responsible for moving the plates. You may wish to demonstrate convection to the class with a glass pan, water, and a hot plate. Another way to demonstrate this is to get a ladder and have the students take turns "feeling" the temperature of the air near the floor of the room, then near the ceiling. It is warmer near the ceiling because warm, buoyant air rises, just like warm buoyant rock rises inside the Earth. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

5 2. Draw the diagram on the board. Ask the students in which room the air will circulate by convection currents. Emphasize that in room A, the difference in temperature caused by the candle will help circulate the air by convection. Ask the students in which directions they air will circulate. Warm air will rise, cool down and move to the left. When the air cools it will then descend. 3. Remind the students that a similar process goes on in the Earth s mantle. Emphasize that convection currents, in a room and in the Earth s mantle, are not just arrows, but are large three dimensional movements. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

6 PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE - PLATE TECTONICS (2) LAB OBJECTIVES: Students reconstruct the super continent Pangaea. 1. Exploring the results of movement on the Earth's crust. 2. Discovering that the physical fit of continents is one piece of evidence. VOCABULARY: continents plate tectonics stress MATERIALS: worksheet crayons scissors world map for reference BACKGROUND: A map of the plates According to the theory of plate tectonics, the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into moving plates of "lithosphere." The Earth has two types of crust. Continental crust underlies much of the Earth s land surface. The ocean floors are underlain by oceanic crust. These material have different compositions; the continental crust is like the igneous rock granite, and the oceanic crust is like basalt, another igneous rock. Students and many adults often equate the geographic continents, i.e., land, with the plates. This is incorrect. The Earth s various units of continental crust are actually embedded into plates. You may wish to explain this to your students by saying that the continental crust ride on the back of a plate. Moreover, continental and oceanic crust are often part of the same plate. For example, the North American plate has continental crust (essentially the land area of North America) at its core and is surrounded on most sides by oceanic crust. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

7 As they move, plates interact at their edges or boundaries. There are three basic directions or types of boundary interactions. In some places, two plates move apart from each other; this is called a diverging plate boundary. Elsewhere two plate move together, which is called a converging plate boundary. Finally plates can also slide past each other horizontally. This is called a transform plate boundary. Volcanoes and earthquakes help define the boundaries between the plates. Volcanoes form mostly at converging and diverging plate boundaries, where much magma is generated. Earthquakes occur at all three types of boundaries. Because the plates are rigid, they tend to stick together, even though they are constantly moving. This builds up stress in the rocks at the plate boundary. When the strength of the rocks is exceeded, they move rapidly, catching up with the rest of the plates. We feel this release of energy as an earthquake. One of the first observations used to suggest that the outer portion of the Earth is mobile is the fit of the continents, particularly the west coast of Africa against the east coast of South America. This observation predates plate tectonics. It was first noticed in the 18 th century, and most recently proposed by a German scientist, Alfred Wegener in Wegener called his theory "continental drift", referring to the apparent movement of continents alone. However, continental drift is a only historical term. We now know it is not the continents that move, but the plates, in which the continents are embedded. South America and Africa A map of Pangaea shortly after it began to split, 160 million years ago. were once together, but were split apart by the formation of a diverging plate boundary. This is also confirmed by matches between the rocks and fossils of the two continents. The two continents are still moving away from each other today. This exercise looks at the continents of North America, South America, Africa, Antarctic, and Australia, and how they have moved over the last 200 million years. At that time, these five continents were all part of a single large super continent, called Pangaea. Starting about 180 million years ago, Pangaea began to break up; new diverging plate boundaries formed within it. This eventually created the continents we see today. In this exercise, the students will reconstruct Pangaea. They will use the fit of the continental Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

8 crust to put Pangaea back together. PROCEDURE: 1. Remind the students of the information they learned in the Pre Lab. Explain again that the plates are moving, due to convection and gravity. Explain that this movement causes stress within the plates, which generates earthquakes and volcanoes. You may want to show students a map of the plates. 2. Review the composition of the plates with the class. Make sure the students understand that the continents make up the non-oceanic part of the crust. Discuss with them that the edges of the continents look as if they may have fit together at one time. 3. Have the students label, color, cut out, and fit the continents together. The lines and numbers make this puzzle a little easier. You may want your students to work in pairs. Matching up the continents is not as easy as it looks. 4. Once the students have placed the continents together have them move the pieces apart very slowly. They are to move the pieces until they reach their present positions. 5. Ask students if they think this movement could have happened. Let them come up with stories about why it took place. Remind them of convection and the moving of the plates. This is a difficult concept to get across to the students. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

9 PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE - PLATE TECTONICS (2) LAB Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

10 PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE - PLATE TECTONICS (2) POST LAB OBJECTIVES: Students locate plate boundaries using earthquakes and volcanoes. 1. Exploring how the plates have moved through time. 2. Comparing volcanoes and earthquakes to the boundaries of plates. VOCABULARY: continents earthquakes time volcanoes MATERIALS: worksheet BACKGROUND: Plate boundaries are marked by numerous volcanoes and earthquakes. The pattern of occurrence of these events is one of the key pieces of evidence for plate tectonics. In this exercise, the students will examine the pattern of earthquakes and volcanoes at occur in the Atlantic Ocean. Most of these occur at the diverging plate boundary that runs north-south through the ocean. The remainder are at two east-west running transform and converging plate boundaries that goes through the Mediterranean Sea to the east and the Caribbean Sea to the west. The diverging plate boundary occurs at an underwater mountain range called the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. The center of this mountain range is a low lying area or rift, called the Atlantic Rift Zone. This is the actual plate boundary, and is where most of the earthquakes and volcanoes take place. The shape of this plate boundary mimics the shapes of the continents on either side of it, especially Africa and South America, because these areas of crust were together before the diverging plate boundary formed. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

11 PROCEDURE: The point of the exercise is for students to see that earthquakes and volcanoes mark the plate boundaries, and that the shapes of the diverging boundaries match the edges of the areas from which they formed. 1. Tell the students that earthquakes and volcanoes occur within the dotted areas on the worksheet. Make sure that they notice that the continents are not near these boundaries in most places, especially North America, South America, and Africa. Tell the students to trace the boundaries of the moving plates by connecting the dots. Ask them if they recognize any connections or patterns between the fit of the continents and the position of the earthquakes and volcanoes. Hopefully they can see that the pattern of earthquakes and volcanoes mimics the edges of the continents. especially between South America and Africa. Tell them that this pattern marks the diverging plate boundary from which these continents, as well as Europe and North America, have split. 2. Explain to the students that in the Atlantic Ocean this zone of volcanoes and earthquakes is similar to the fit of the continents. Tell them it is called the Atlantic Rift Zone. You may wish to show them maps of the ocean floor and plate boundary. 3. Draw the diagram. Ask your students to explain what they think will happen if the mantle convection currents pull in opposite directions. Explain that the hot rock will come up and form volcanoes. Ask them where in the Atlantic Ocean area the volcanoes are located. The volcanoes are under the ocean, on the sea floor. Iceland is an exception: here the volcanoes are on land. You may wish to show them the presentation image of the Atlantic Ocean region below. It shows the Mid Atlantic Ridge clearly. Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

12 PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE - PLATE TECTONICS (2) POST LAB Math/Science Nucleus 1990,

### FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning the shapes of volcanoes. LAB: Experimenting with "lava." POST:

### KINDERGARTEN PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning that all mountains are not volcanoes. LAB: Investigating rocks

### SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SIXTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SIXTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the structure of different types of volcanoes. LAB: Plotting

### FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types

### Unit 4 Lesson 2 Plate Tectonics. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Puzzling Evidence What evidence suggests that continents move? In the late 1800s, Alfred Wegener proposed his hypothesis of continental drift. According to this hypothesis, the continents once formed a

### FIFTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIFTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIFTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the rocks produced by volcanoes. LAB: Comparing igneous rocks.

### Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates.

Notes on Plate Tectonics Plate tectonics states that the Earth's crust and upper mantle are broken into sections, called plates. These plates move around the mantle. Plates are composed of the crust and

### Continents join together and split apart.

KEY CONCEPT Continents change position over time. BEFORE, you learned Earth s main layers are the core, the mantle, and the crust The lithosphere and asthenosphere are the topmost layers of Earth The lithosphere

### Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Chapter 8: Plate Tectonics -- Multi-format Test Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the

[Geology Layers of the Earth] [Basic: Grade 2-3] [Advanced: Grade 5: Introduction to Plate Tectonics} BACKGROUND Scientists and geologists have been able to do some drilling on Earth. They are also able

### Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

### Interactive Plate Tectonics

Interactive Plate Tectonics Directions: Go to the following website and complete the questions below. http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/index.html How do scientists learn about the interior

### ES Chapter 10 Review. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Name: Class: Date: ES Chapter 10 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Scientists used the pattern of alternating normal and reversed

### Name: Period: # Plate Tectonics. Journey to the center of the Earth

Plate Tectonics Journey to the center of the Earth Use pages 124 129 to answer the following questions. Exploring Inside Earth (p. 125-126) 1. What are the two main types of evidence that Geologist use

### Tectonic plates have different boundaries.

KEY CONCEPT Plates move apart. BEFORE, you learned The continents join and break apart The sea floor provides evidence that tectonic plates move The theory of plate tectonics helps explain how the plates

### Plate Tectonics Web-Quest

Plate Tectonics Web-Quest Part I: Earth s Structure. Use the following link to find these answers: http://www.learner.org/interactives/dynamicearth/structure.html 1. Label the layers of Earth in the diagram

### 4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67)

4. Plate Tectonics II (p. 46-67) Seafloor Spreading In the early 1960s, samples of basaltic ocean crust were dredged up from various locations across the ocean basins. The samples were then analyzed to

### Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide

Name: Class: Date: Plate Tectonics Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The existence of coal beds in Antarctica

### TECTONICS ASSESSMENT

Tectonics Assessment / 1 TECTONICS ASSESSMENT 1. Movement along plate boundaries produces A. tides. B. fronts. C. hurricanes. D. earthquakes. 2. Which of the following is TRUE about the movement of continents?

### Plate Tectonics. Introduction. Boundaries between crustal plates

Plate Tectonics KEY WORDS: continental drift, seafloor spreading, plate tectonics, mid ocean ridge (MOR) system, spreading center, rise, divergent plate boundary, subduction zone, convergent plate boundary,

### Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade

The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

### 1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I.

PLATE TECTONICS ACTIVITY The purpose of this lab is to introduce the concept of plate tectonics and the formation of mountains. Students will discuss the properties of the earth s crust and plate tectonics.

### Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries.

KEY CONCEPT Plates converge or scrape past each other. BEFORE, you learned Plates move apart at divergent boundaries In the oceans, divergent boundaries mark where the sea floor spreads apart On land,

### Plate Tectonics Chapter 2

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Does not include complete lecture notes. Continental drift: An idea before its time Alfred Wegener First proposed his continental drift hypothesis in 1915 Published The Origin

### Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics

Earth Science Regents Questions: Plate Tectonics Name: Date: Period: August 2013 Due Date: 17 Compared to the oceanic crust, the continental crust is (1) less dense and more basaltic (3) more dense and

### Rocks and Plate Tectonics

Name: Class: _ Date: _ Rocks and Plate Tectonics Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is a naturally occurring, solid mass of mineral or

### Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. Continental Drift

Plate Tectonics The unifying concept of the Earth sciences. The outer portion of the Earth is made up of about 20 distinct plates (~ 100 km thick), which move relative to each other This motion is what

### Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics. The unifying concept of the Earth sciences.

Plate Tectonics: Big Ideas Our understanding of Earth is continuously refined. Earth s systems are dynamic; they continually react to changing influences from geological, hydrological, physical, chemical,

### Plate Tectonics. Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics. And I am Buddy Zed s mascot

Plate Tectonics Hi, I am Zed and I am going to take you on a trip learning about Plate Tectonics And I am Buddy Zed s mascot Continental Drift Alfred Wegener proposed that continents were not always where

### Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007

Plate Tectonics Practice Questions and Answers Revised August 2007 1. Please fill in the missing labels. 2. Please fill in the missing labels. 3. How many large plates form the outer shell of the earth?

### 6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Name: Date: 1. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event. 3. The convergence of two continental plates would produce Which natural event most likely caused the crack in the road? island

### Name Score /225. (Make sure you identify each key concept by identifying the section [1.1, 1.2, etc.].]

Name Score /225 Changing Earth Chapter 1 Worksheet Before reading Chapter 1 (pages 9 37). On a separate sheet of paper, make two columns. Title the first column Before I Read. Title the second column After

### DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes

DYNAMIC CRUST: Unit 4 Exam Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes NAME: BLOCK: DATE: 1. Base your answer to the following question on The block diagram below shows the boundary between two tectonic plates. Which

### Step 2: Learn where the nearest divergent boundaries are located.

What happens when plates diverge? Plates spread apart, or diverge, from each other at divergent boundaries. At these boundaries new ocean crust is added to the Earth s surface and ocean basins are created.

### A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Plate Tectonics Cylinder

A Collection of Curricula for the STARLAB Plate Tectonics Cylinder Including: The Changing Earth by Gerald L. Mallon, Ed.D. v. 616-2008 by Science First /STARLAB, 86475 Gene Lasserre Blvd., Yulee, FL.

### Earth Egg Model Teacher Notes

Ancient Greeks tried to explain earthquakes and volcanic activity by saying that a massive bull lay underground and the land shook when it became angry. Modern theories rely on an understanding of what

### Plate Tectonics Lab. Continental Drift. The Birth of Plate Tectonics

Plate Tectonics Lab Continental Drift Take a look at a globe sometime and observe the remarkable fit between South America and Africa. Could they have, in fact, been connected? During the 19th and early

### Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II

Geol 101: Physical Geology PAST EXAM QUESTIONS LECTURE 4: PLATE TECTONICS II 4. Which of the following statements about paleomagnetism at spreading ridges is FALSE? A. there is a clear pattern of paleomagnetic

### Plate Tectonics. Learning Guide. Pacific Plate. Pacific Ocean. Divergent boundaries

Plate Tectonics Learning Guide North American Plate Eurasian Plate Arabian Plate Pacific Plate Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Cocos Plate Nazca Plate South American Plate African Plate Convergent boundary

### Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve?

Essential Question: How did the theory of Plate Tectonics evolve? 1. Look at a globe or a map of the Earth. Name the continents. (7 points) 2. How many continents are there? (3 points) 3. On a sheet of

### Plate Tectonics. Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2

1 Plate Tectonics Earth, 9 th edition Chapter 2 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Plate Tectonics: summary in haiku form Alfred Wegener gave us Continental Drift. Fifty years later... Continental Drift

### Alfred Wegener s Theory of Continental Drift Became Modern Plate Tectonics. Wegener in Greenland about 1912. He froze to death there in 1930.

Alfred Wegener s Theory of Continental Drift Became Modern Plate Tectonics Wegener in Greenland about 1912. He froze to death there in 1930. Science is self correcting. The Scientific Method The history

### The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT

The Dynamic Crust 1) Virtually everything you need to know about the interior of the earth can be found on page 10 of your reference tables. Take the time to become familiar with page 10 and everything

### 11A Plate Tectonics. What is plate tectonics? Setting up. Materials

11A Plate Tectonics What is plate tectonics? Earth s crust plus the upper mantle forms the lithosphere. Earth s lithosphere is broken in a number of different pieces. How these pieces move and interact

### Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel

Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries Deborah Jordan and Samuel Spiegel Jordan, Deborah and Spiegel, Samuel: Learning Research Development Center, University of Pittsburgh. Earthquakes and Plate Boundaries.

### Students explore the mechanism behind plate motion as they investigate convection currents. KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS

Convection Currents 40- to 1 50-minute session ACTIVITY OVERVIEW 46 L A B O R AT O R Y Students explore the mechanism behind plate motion as they investigate convection currents. KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS

### Study Guide Questions Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics

Study Guide Questions Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics What evidence did Alfred Wegener present in 1912 to support the idea of continental drift? Why did most geologists at the time dismiss Wegener

### Investigation 6: What happens when plates collide?

Tectonics Investigation 6: Teacher Guide Investigation 6: What happens when plates collide? In this activity, students will use the distribution of earthquakes and volcanoes in a Web GIS to learn about

### Layers of the Earth s Interior

Layers of the Earth s Interior 1 Focus Question How is the Earth like an ogre? 2 Objectives Explain how geologists have learned about the interior of the Earth. Describe the layers of the Earth s interior.

### How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form?

298 10.14 INVESTIGATION How Did These Ocean Features and Continental Margins Form? The terrain below contains various features on the seafloor, as well as parts of three continents. Some general observations

### Layers of the Earth and Plate Tectonics

Layers of the Earth and Plate Tectonics Objectives: explain various ways the earth can be changed by natural forces define the term Geology define the terms Crust, Mantle, Outer Core and Inner Core classify

### Chapter 2. Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics: Learning Goals

Plate Tectonics Chapter 2 Interactions at depend on the direction of relative plate motion and the type of crust. Which kind of plate boundary is associated with Earthquake activity? A. Divergent Boundary

### Glossary. continental crust: the sections of crust, the outermost layer of the earth, that include the continents

aftershock: an earthquake that follows a larger earthquake or main shock and originates in or near the rupture zone of the larger earthquake. Generally, major earthquakes are followed by a number of aftershocks

### www.amnh.org Continental Drift is the movement of the Earth s continents in relation to one another.

A Plate Tectonic Puzzle Introduction The Earth s crust is not a solid shell. It is made up of thick, interconnecting pieces called tectonic plates that fit together like a puzzle. They move atop the underlying

### Lesson 13: Plate Tectonics I

Standards Addressed Lesson 13: Plate Tectonics I Overview Lesson 13 introduces students to geological oceanography by presenting the basic structure of the Earth and the properties of Earth s primary layers.

### Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface

TEKS investigate rapid changes in Earth s surface such as volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and landslides Rapid Changes in Earth s Surface Constant Changes Earth s surface is constantly changing. Wind,

### II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013)

EAPS 100 Planet Earth Lecture Topics Brief Outlines II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) 1. Interior of the Earth Learning objectives: Understand the structure of the Earth s interior crust,

### Exploring Our World with GIS Lesson Plans Engage

Exploring Our World with GIS Lesson Plans Engage Title: Exploring Our Nation 20 minutes *Have students complete group work prior to going to the computer lab. 2.List of themes 3. Computer lab 4. Student

TEACHING LEARNING COLLABORATIVE (TLC) EARTH SCIENCE Volcanoes Erupt Grade 6 Created by: Debra McKey (Mountain Vista Middle School); Valerie Duncan (Upper Lake Middle School); and Lynn Chick (Coyote Valley

### Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals

Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals Standards: Identifies the physical properties of minerals Teacher Background Minerals are pure substances and mix together to make rocks. Rocks have a cycle and different

### FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Learning the shapes of volcanoes. LAB: Experimenting with "lava." POST: Comparing

### Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics

Name: Date: Student Exploration: Plate Tectonics Vocabulary: collisional boundary, convergent boundary, crust, divergent boundary, earthquake, lithosphere, mantle, plate, plate tectonics, transform boundary,

### The interior of the Earth is divided into layers based on chemical and physical properties.

Plate Tectonics Lecture Notes: Slide 1. Title Slide Slide 2. The interior of the Earth is divided into layers based on chemical and physical properties. The Earth has an outer silica-rich, solid crust,

### 1. The diagram below shows a cross section of sedimentary rock layers.

1. The diagram below shows a cross section of sedimentary rock layers. Which statement about the deposition of the sediments best explains why these layers have the curved shape shown? 1) Sediments were

### Transform Boundaries

Lecture 7 Plates and Mantle Plumes Transform Boundaries Transform boundaries occur where one segment of rigid lithosphere slides horizontally past another in response to stresses in the lithosphere. The

### Section 1 The Earth System

Section 1 The Earth System Key Concept Earth is a complex system made up of many smaller systems through which matter and energy are continuously cycled. What You Will Learn Energy and matter flow through

### SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the parts of a volcano. LAB: Comparing the parts of a volcano

### Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics

Page 1 of 13 EENS 1110 Tulane University Physical Geology Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics This page last updated on 26-Aug-2015 Plate Tectonics is a theory

### Continental Drift. Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on:

Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift Continental Drift Alfred Wegener (1880-1930) Proposed that all of the continents were once part of a large supercontinent - Pangaea Based on: Similarities in shorelines

### Inside Earth Chapter 3

Name Hour Due Date Inside Earth Chapter Page 1 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Page 2 Volcanic Activity Page - Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes Page 4 Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes table Page 5 - Mapping

### Hot Spots & Plate Tectonics

Hot Spots & Plate Tectonics Activity I: Hawaiian Islands Procedures: Use the map and the following information to determine the rate of motion of the Pacific Plate over the Hawaiian hot spot. The volcano

### Engaging Students Through Interactive Activities In General Education Classes

Engaging Students Through Interactive Activities In General Education Classes On the Cutting Edge: Early Career Geoscience Faculty Workshop 14-18 June 2009 Presented by Randy Richardson Department of Geosciences,

### Earth Science Module 21. Plate Tectonics: The Earth in Motion. Plate Tectonics Module Study Notes and Outline. Creationist Model

Earth Science Module 21 Plate Tectonics: The Earth in Motion Plate Tectonics Module Study Notes and Outline Creationist Model I. Scientists shift their paradigm A. When the data supporting plate tectonics

### Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones

Plate Tectonics: Ridges, Transform Faults and Subduction Zones Goals of this exercise: 1. review the major physiographic features of the ocean basins 2. investigate the creation of oceanic crust at mid-ocean

Grade 10 Informational Mini-Assessment The Force This grade 10 mini-assessment is based on the text The Force, an excerpt from Furious Earth: The Science and Nature of Earthquakes, Volcanoes, and Tsunamis

### 1 Exploring Earth s Interior

1 Exploring Earth s Interior Crust Mantle Outer Core Crust-to-Mantle Inner Core Cross Section From Surface to Center SCIENCE EXPLORER Focus on Earth Science Prentice-Hall, Inc. 2 Evidence for Continental

### Unit 4: The Rock Cycle

Unit 4: The Rock Cycle Objective: E 3.1A Discriminate between igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks and describe the processes that change one kind of rock into another. E 3.1B Explain the relationship

### Chapter 9 Plate Tectonics

Chapter 9 Plate Tectonics Section 1 Continental Drift Key Concepts What is the hypothesis of continental drift? What evidence supported continental drift? Vocabulary continental drift Pangaea An Idea Before

### FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types of

### Lesson 3: The formation of mountains Factsheet for teachers

Lesson 3: The formation of mountains Factsheet for teachers Vocabulary This lesson uses the following geographical terms. These should be used and explained to pupils as the lesson is taught. Core, mantle,

### Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics

Using Google Earth to Explore Plate Tectonics Laurel Goodell, Department of Geosciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 laurel@princeton.edu Inspired by, and borrows from, the GIS-based Exploring

### Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface

PART ONE Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface Science standards To prepare students to understand the Essential Academic Learning Requirements (EALRs) introduced at middle school, this series

### Earth Science Chapter 14 Section 2 Review

Name: Class: Date: Earth Science Chapter 14 Section Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is NOT one of the three

### Suggested Activities Processes that Shape the Earth: Earth s Structure and Plate Tectonics

Suggested Activities Processes that Shape the Earth: Earth s Structure and Plate Tectonics From Harcourt Science Teacher Ed. Source (Grade Level) Title Pages Concept Harcourt Science (4) The Layers of

### Chapter 16: Plate Tectonics

Chapter 16: Plate Tectonics Chapter Summary In the early 1900s Alfred Wegener set forth the continental drift hypothesis. One of its major tenets was that a supercontinent called Pangaea began breaking

### How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate?

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? In Learning Set 2, you explored how water heats up more slowly than land and also cools off more slowly than land. Weather is caused by events in the atmosphere.

### Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02

Unit Plan: Plate Tectonics Shannon B. Carpenter TE 804 1/25/02 This unit plan is intended to cover about seven weeks and would be appropriate for a middle school general science class or an introductory

### Plate Tectonics Visual Glossary and Atlas How to use this app in your classroom

Plate Tectonics Visual Glossary and Atlas How to use this app in your classroom In addition to providing a comprehensive list of terms, definitions, illustrations, and animations related to plate tectonics,

### Lecture 23: Terrestrial Worlds in Comparison. This lecture compares and contrasts the properties and evolution of the 5 main terrestrial bodies.

Lecture 23: Terrestrial Worlds in Comparison Astronomy 141 Winter 2012 This lecture compares and contrasts the properties and evolution of the 5 main terrestrial bodies. The small terrestrial planets have

### Plate Tectonics. Plate Tectonics LEVELED READER Y. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

Plate Tectonics A Reading A Z Level Y Leveled Reader Word Count: 1,933 LEVELED READER Y Plate Tectonics Written by William Harryman Illustrated by Signe Nordin Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of

### FOURTH GRADE EARTHQUAKES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE EARTHQUAKES 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. DURING: Modeling three types

### Plate Tectonics Lab Assignment

Plate Tectonics Lab Assignment After reading the introduction to the Plate Tectonics exercises in the lab manual, complete the questions on a hard copy of this Lab Assignment. When finished, transfer your

### CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS

CHAPTER 6 THE TERRESTRIAL PLANETS MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Which of the following is NOT one of the four stages in the development of a terrestrial planet? 2. That Earth, evidence that Earth differentiated.

### SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Discovering stars. LAB: Analyzing the geometric pattern of constellations. POST: Exploring

PLATE TECTONICS Teacher Guide including Lesson Plans, Student Readers, and More Information Lesson 1 - Evidence of Plate Tectonics Lesson 2 - Plotting Earthquakes and Volcanoes Lesson 3 - Case History

### TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY In general, when an object performs work on another object, it does not transfer all of its energy to that object. Some of the energy is lost as heat due to

### Chapter 6 Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes

Chapter 6 Plate Tectonics and Earthquakes Day Activity Homework 1 Notes I, II Gondwanaland Take-Home Continental Drift* 2 Notes III- V B Edible Tectonics* 3 Notes V C- VI Article- One Boy s Experience

### Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Unit 6 Earthquakes and Volcanoes Earthquakes and Volcanoes: Essential Questions What evidence can students observe that the Earth is changing? How do scientists know what s inside the Earth? What processes